Deepening Labor Migration Governance at a Time of Immobility: Lessons from Ghana and Senegal
The pandemic has upended labor migration around the globe, and with it, an important avenue for supporting socioeconomic development in many low- and middle-income countries. In Ghana, Senegal, and other West African countries, for example, migration and its corollaries, such as remittances and knowledge transfers from the diaspora, have long contributed to development. Ongoing travel restrictions and uncertainty about when migration will more fully restart threaten this progress and add an extra layer of complexity to efforts to improve the governance of international labor migration.
This policy brief explores how governments and other stakeholders can promote better labor migration governance in low- and middle-income countries, and how these efforts are being shaped by the pandemic. It focuses on the experiences of Ghana and Senegal—two countries that were in the process of strengthening their migration policies before the pandemic began. The policy brief looks at these countries’ migration policy priorities, efforts to facilitate mobility within the region and further afield, and strategies for building closer ties to the diaspora.
Crucially, the authors note, while the pandemic has disrupted efforts to improve labor migration governance, it has also made abundantly clear why doing so is important. Continued work in this area promises to help achieve better outcomes for migrants and for countries of origin and destination.
2 A Snapshot of Labor Migration Trends in Ghana and Senegal
3 Top Ghanaian and Senegalese Policy Priorities Related to Labor Migration
4 Improving the Governance of Labor Migration to and from West Africa
A. Facilitating Labor Migration Opportunities for Workers from Ghana and Senegal
B. Facilitating Regional and Continental Mobility
5 Improving the Governance of Emigration and Diaspora Engagement
A. Regulating Emigration
B. Building Closer Ties with Diasporas