Migration Policy Institute
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The Biden administration's challenge to dismantle Trump-era barriers to asylum at the U.S.-Mexico border is akin to fixing a plane while flying it. This commentary examines actions taken to date and articulates a series of steps that could help establish an effective, humane asylum system that works in tandem with border management goals and efforts to reduce the drivers of migration through regional migration management measures with neighboring countries.
President Joe Biden has grand ambitions to reshape the U.S. immigration system, but his administration has run into early stumbling blocks in rolling back the strict enforcement regime of his predecessor. Administrative resistance, a tangled web of legal agreements signed by the Trump administration, and anxieties about a possible uptick in immigrants and asylum seekers at the border have posed early challenges to Biden’s agenda.
The DREAM Act of 2021 could represent one of the narrower legalization measures with better prospects for passage in a narrowly divided Congress. MPI's latest estimates of the DREAMers who could gain conditional and then permanent legal status are offered here, as are the share of DREAMers who feature in another ongoing conversation, around essential workers in the U.S. labor market overall as well as in the health-care sector.
This event organized by MPI and CWS, one of nine U.S. refugee resettlement agencies, examined the refugee resettlement system and complementary pathways that represent untapped opportunities for refugees to improve their lives through migration. Speakers also explored opportunities for international cooperation on resettlement and considerations for implementing complementary pathways at an international level.
WASHINGTON — The Migration Policy Institute (MPI) estimates that nearly 3.3 million unauthorized immigrants who are Dreamers, farmworkers or holders of Temporary Protected Status (TPS), as well as their spouses and minor children present in the United States, could gain an immediate path to a green card and a three-year track to citizenship under the White House-backed legislation introduced in Congress.
Among the earliest examples of the disruptions that climate change can bring, some low-lying island countries in the Pacific Ocean are facing serious threats from rising sea levels and coastal erosion. Over the long term, atoll nations such as Kiribati, Tuvalu, and the Marshall Islands might eventually need to relocate some or all of their populations. But not everyone wants to migrate, and governments have balanced supporting people who relocate with other ways of adapting to changing conditions.
BRUSSELS — The COVID-19 crisis has disrupted labour markets across Europe and risks further entrenching existing weaknesses. However, the pandemic is not likely to fundamentally alter long-term labour demands, particularly for high-skilled vacancies that workers from outside the European Union are well situated to fill, a new Migration Policy Institute (MPI) Europe policy brief finds.
Colombian President Iván Duque’s announcement that the estimated 1.7 million Venezuelans in Colombia will receive a ten-year protection status represents a bold, first-of-its-kind move in Latin America. However, translating this ambitious legalization into action will require both a massive logistical effort and long-term planning to assure social cohesion, as this commentary explores.
Climate change has had a devastating impact on many poor Central American farmers, which can contribute to food insecurity and may be prompting migration from the region's Dry Corridor. But the process is not straightforward. As this article explains, most poor farmers rely on a combination of buying, cultivating, and foraging for their food, which makes it difficult to predict how people will react to individual climate events.
While the COVID-19 pandemic and its impact on European labor markets have focused attention on weathering this crisis, Europe also faces longer-term challenges linked to technological and demographic changes. This issue brief examines how the pandemic is reshaping demand for workers and skills in Europe, what this means for migration policy, and strategies for tackling both short- and long-term labor market challenges.
WASHINGTON — The Migration Policy Institute (MPI) today published the latest version of its perennially popular resource, Frequently Requested Statistics on Immigrants and Immigration in the United States, which features a wealth of data about the U.S. immigrant population as well as current and historic migration to the United States.
Have a question about U.S. immigration trends and the country's immigrant population? This article collects in one place the most sought-after information about the world's largest immigrant population and how it has changed over time. Drawing from a wide array of authoritative data sources, this article provides an up-to-date snapshot of the immigrant population, visa and enforcement statistics, and information on emerging trends, including slowing immigration and changing origins.
The Migration Policy Institute (MPI) is providing estimates of the unauthorized populations that could potentially gain legal status under the DREAM Act of 2021 introduced in the Senate in February 2021 by Sens. Richard Durbin (D-IL) and Lindsey Graham (R-SC), using an innovative MPI methodology that permits the assignment of legal status in U.S. Census Bureau data.
With Portugal assuming the EU Presidency in January 2021 and prioritizing progress on the EU Migration and Asylum Pact, this webinar features senior officials from the European Union, Germany (the last holder of the presidency), and Portugal to take stock of where conversations on the pact stand and Portugal’s plans for taking forward the negotiations.
Climate change is already affecting how, whether, and where people migrate. But environmental change is likely to become more extreme in the coming decades, unless the world takes serious action now. How might changes made now impact what future migration looks like? This episode features a conversation with Robert McLeman, a geographer and environmental studies expert at Canada’s Wilfrid Laurier University, about the possible scenarios that lie ahead for the relationship between climate change and migration, depending on how countries act in the next few decades.
Following President Biden's call on Congress to enact a sweeping immigration proposal that offers most unauthorized immigrants a pathway to citizenship, this discussion examines the prospects for any legislative efforts at immigration reform, what bipartisan support might develop, and the various legalization policy options. The event also showcases MPI estimates of subgroups within the unauthorized population, including DREAMers and essential workers.
WASHINGTON — The legalization debate is back on the table, with President Joe Biden pledging on his first day in office to send Congress a measure to legalize the nation’s estimated 11 million unauthorized immigrants. Given the political difficulties inherent in achieving a broad legalization—witness the failures of comprehensive immigration reform bills in 2006, 2007 and 2013—potential sponsors in Congress have said they will tackle the challenge in piecemeal fashion.
WASHINGTON — The Migration Policy Institute (MPI) Board of Trustees has selected new officers, with Lidia Soto-Harmon and Warren Leiden elected Chair and Vice Chair respectively.
Soto-Harmon, who is CEO of the Girl Scout Council of the Nation’s Capital (GSCNC) and served previously as the Deputy Director of the President’s Interagency Council on Women at the State Department, assumes the position of Chair from James W. Ziglar, former Commissioner of the U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS). Ziglar, who chaired the board for three years, remains a trustee.
WASHINGTON — As the COVID-19 pandemic hit, millions of migrants were stranded in the countries where they work and live, and countless others were expelled or returned voluntarily to their countries of origin amid restrictions on mobility and widespread economic dislocation. Countless more migrants may yet return to their countries of origin as second and third waves of the outbreak are occurring.