Migration Policy Institute
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WASHINGTON — Amid a dramatic spike in the arrival on European shores of asylum seekers and migrants in 2015 and 2016, European policymakers set their sights on building or reinvigorating partnerships with origin and transit countries in North Africa as a means of bringing Mediterranean crossings under control.
Nearly 6 million Afghans fled after violence erupted in the late 1970s, primarily to Iran and Pakistan. While millions returned after the collapse of the Taliban in 2001, the security situation has since deteriorated and the government struggles to meet the needs of vulnerable populations, particularly the internally displaced. This country profile explores Afghanistan’s complex migration and displacement history as well as ongoing challenges.
Since the 2015–16 refugee crisis, European policymakers have eagerly sought cooperation with origin and transit countries in the hopes of stemming unauthorized migration to Europe. This approach is neither new, nor without its limitations. By examining the evolution of two longstanding Mediterranean partnerships—between Spain and Morocco, and Italy and Tunisia—this report offers insights on what has and has not worked.
Fact Sheet Also Offers Educational and Workforce Profile of Current DACA Recipients
WASHINGTON — With the phaseout of the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program moving into full force next spring, the Migration Policy Institute (MPI) estimates that an average of 915 young unauthorized immigrants per day will lose their work authorization and protection from deportation beginning on March 6, 2018 through March 5, 2020.
An average of 915 DACA recipients every day will lose their work authorization and protection from deportation once the phaseout of the program moves into full force in spring 2018, MPI estimates. This fact sheet also offers U.S. and state estimates of the school enrollment and educational attainment, workforce participation, and industries and occupations of employment for the nearly 690,000 current DACA holders.
As the European Council gears up to move onto the next phase of Brexit negotiations, this MPI Europe webinar features findings from an MPI Europe report that offers a demographic profile of the approximately 1 million UK citizens living in the European Union and examines the ways in which many are likely to see their futures significantly reshaped after Brexit. The discussion takes stock of citizens' rights, reflects on what may happen next, and considers the prospects for Britons abroad both in a situation of ‘no deal’ and if there is an ultimate agreement.
Owing to their uniquely preferential treatment under U.S. immigration law, Cubans for decades have been among the largest immigrant groups in the United States. In 2016, nearly 1.3 million Cubans lived in the United States. This Spotlight provides a data snapshot of this immigrant group, which is highly concentrated in Florida, significantly older than the overall U.S. population, and less likely to be proficient in English.
Marking the release of an MPI report, this webinar explores some of the responses made by school districts to bring immigrant and refugee newcomer students up to speed in English and basic academic skills, all while focused on the educational system’s ultimate goal of high school completion with the skills necessary for today’s college and career demands. The discussion focuses on how schools create and expand systems around the identification of students’ immediate and ongoing academic and socioemotional needs, and how they design programs and curricular pathways to balance these needs with state policy constraints.
BRUSSELS — As negotiators debate the post-Brexit futures of approximately 3 million European Union nationals living in the United Kingdom and 1 million British citizens resident on the continent, Migration Policy Institute Europe research reveals that these mobile citizens could face challenges in terms of future legal status as well as access to the labour market, social security and health care, whether a deal is agreed or not.
Amid ongoing Brexit negotiations, much remains uncertain for the roughly 1 million UK citizens living elsewhere in the European Union. This report offers a demographic profile of these Brexpats, considering what form an EU-UK deal on citizens’ rights might take and identifying key challenges many Britons are likely to face—including difficulty securing legal status and accessing labor markets, social security, and health-care systems.
WASHINGTON — Foreign-born students who arrive in the United States during their secondary school years—whether as refugees, unaccompanied minors or via more typical immigration pathways—face daunting hurdles as they seek to juggle learning a new language and culture while also trying to quickly close knowledge gaps and get on track to pass the coursework required to graduate high school.
Immigrant and refugee students who arrive in the United States during their secondary school years face daunting hurdles as they seek to juggle learning a new language and culture while also trying to quickly close knowledge gaps and get on track to pass the coursework required to graduate high school. This report explores effective program models and services developed by school districts to support newcomer students.
Even as the United States and countries in Europe have made a right turn on immigration in recent years, Canada has remained a largely welcoming country. Underlying this resilience is an approach to immigration focused on active management and refinement of policies as well as long-term economic, social, and political integration, as this article explores.
MPI is providing estimates of those who could potentially gain legal status under the various DREAM Act-type bills introduced in Congress in 2017, using an innovative methodology that permits the assignment of legal status in U.S. Census Bureau data. These estimates are discussed in detail in a fact sheet, Differing DREAMs: Estimating the Unauthorized Populations that Could Benefit under Different Legalization Bills.
Nearly 4 million South Sudanese have been driven from their homes by violence or food insecurity since late 2013, roughly half seeking refuge in neighboring countries. Drought and conflict have converged in the young country to fuel one of the world's most severe humanitarian emergencies. This article examines refugee flows from South Sudan, underlying drivers, and regional and international responses to the crisis.
WASHINGTON — With the clock tolling towards the phaseout of the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program for the approximately 690,000 recipients who now have work authorization and protection from deportation, there are growing efforts in Congress to address the status for unauthorized immigrants brought to the United States as children.
2017 saw the introduction of several bills—two of them by Senate Republicans in the weeks following the Trump administration’s announcement that it would terminate the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program—that would provide a pathway to conditional and then legal permanent residence to unauthorized immigrants brought to the United States as children, if they meet a range of educational, professional, and other criteria.
The Migration Policy Institute (MPI) is providing estimates of the unauthorized populations that could potentially gain legal status under the DREAM Act of 2017 introduced in the Senate and the Recognizing America’s Children Act (RAC Act) offered in the House, using an innovative methodology that permits the assignment of legal status in U.S. Census Bureau data.