The Next Generation of Refugee Resettlement in Europe: Ambitions for the Future and How to Realize Them
Europe’s role within the global refugee resettlement landscape has changed significantly in recent years. Some EU Member States, such as Germany and Sweden, have expanded their resettlement programs, while others, including Romania and Lithuania, have launched new ones. This growth, coupled with the United States’ dramatic cuts to its refugee admissions, has meant that more than 40 percent of all refugees resettled through the UN High Commissioner for Refugees since 2017 have found a new home in Europe—up from 8 percent in 2007.
This report looks at how investments in shared infrastructure at the EU level and growing resettlement experience among Member States offer a strong foundation upon which European resettlement efforts can build. It also explores what ambitious European resettlement policy could accomplish and what steps EU and national leaders would need to take to realize this vision.
Among the many questions this report examines are: How can engagement in resettlement be motivated and sustained at the national level? And what elements are needed to build world-class resettlement systems in Europe—from improvements in selection and departure operations, to commitments to robust monitoring and evaluation, to investments in partnerships with first-asylum countries and between central governments and receiving communities in destination countries.
This is the final report by the Migration Policy Institute Europe in a multiyear series of studies produced as part of the European Union Action on Facilitating Resettlement and Refugee Admission through New Knowledge (EU-FRANK) project. The EU-FRANK project is financed by the European Asylum, Migration, and Integration Fund (AMIF) and led by Sweden. Belgium, Italy, the Netherlands, and Switzerland are partner countries.
2 An Evolving Resettlement Landscape: A Snapshot
3 Making the Case for Resettlement
A. Increased Humanitarian Impact
B. Humanitarian Leadership and Soft Power
C. Building Welcoming Communities
D. An Orderly Alternative to Spontaneous Arrivals?
4 Motivating Action
5 Building a World-Class Resettlement System
A. Scale up Selection and Departure
B. Invest in Crucial Partnerships at Home and Abroad
C. Build up the Evidence Base through Monitoring and Evaluation