Using Evidence to Improve Refugee Resettlement: A Monitoring and Evaluation Road Map
The refugee resettlement landscape has shifted considerably in recent years. A number of countries in Europe and elsewhere have launched or expanded their resettlement programs, and some have experimented with new models such as community-based or private sponsorship. At the same time, the United States—long the world’s largest resettlement country—has significantly cut its refugee admissions, leaving other countries to take the lead in global efforts to address displacement.
For new and longstanding resettlement programs alike, it is vital that policymakers and program designers have the tools to gauge whether resettlement is meeting its objectives, to facilitate continuous learning, and to ensure that funding is being well spent. Robust monitoring and evaluation (M&E) holds the key. Yet many resettlement programs do not have a strong M&E culture.
This report examines the added value that M&E can bring to refugee resettlement programs and identifies common obstacles that have kept countries from creating or expanding their M&E operations to date. It then lays out a road map for kickstarting this process—from finding the right “champion” to drive change, to identifying which of a program’s strategic and operational goals to monitor and evaluate, to identifying existing sources of information and designing new data collection tools.
These insights are drawn in part from a pilot M&E project conducted by MPI Europe in partnership with resettlement authorities in Ireland, Italy, and the Netherlands under the framework of the European Union Action on Facilitating Resettlement and Refugee Admission through New Knowledge (EU-FRANK) project. This report was written as part of the EU-FRANK project, which is financed by the European Asylum, Migration, and Integration Fund (AMIF) and led by Sweden. Belgium, Italy, the Netherlands, and Switzerland are partner countries. More MPI Europe research for the EU-FRANK project can be found on this series page.
2 What Role Should Monitoring and Evaluation Play in Resettlement?
A. Assessing the Attainment of Strategic Objectives
B. Facilitating Continuous Learning
C. Securing Public Support by Demonstrating Success
D. What Are the Obstacles to Implementation?
3 What Information Can M&E for Resettlement Gather?
A. Overall Program Effectiveness
B. Effectiveness of and Links between Program Elements
4 Road Map for an M&E Framework
Step 1. Getting the Right Actors Involved
Step 2. Choosing the Right Starting Point
Step 3. Being Clear on What Objectives to Monitor and Evaluate
Step 4. Turning Objectives into Measurements
Step 5. Developing the Tools and Processes to Conduct M&E
Step 6. Gathering the Data to Measure Progress on Indicators
5 Final Considerations and Recommendations