Dual Language Learners: A National Demographic and Policy Profile
Dual Language Learners (DLLs)—those under age 8 with at least one parent who speaks a language other than English at home—make up 32 percent of the U.S. young child population and a growing share of children in most states. While these young learners stand to benefit disproportionately from high-quality early childhood education and care (ECEC), they are less likely than their peers to be enrolled in such programs—potentially contributing to lags in kindergarten readiness and later academic achievement.
The fact sheets in this series offer a sociodemographic sketch of the DLL population (and comparison to non-DLL peers) at both the national level and in the 30 states with the most DLLs, providing data on age and enrollment, race/ethnicity, income and poverty levels, parental English proficiency and educational attainment, and top home languages spoken in DLL households.
The fact sheets also provide an overview of the policies states have introduced to support DLLs and their families in accessing quality ECEC programs, drawing from an MPI survey of state ECEC agencies.
Read the U.S. fact sheet, or access the state fact sheets below:
I. Demographic Overview of DLLs
II. Looking Beyond Early Childhood: Achievement Gaps between ELs and Non-ELs
III. Early Childhood Education and Care Policies Affecting DLLs
A. System-Level Policies
B. Child Care and Development Fund Usage
C. Home Visiting
D. Pre-K and Early Learning