E.g., 04/21/2024
E.g., 04/21/2024
State Income Data - VA
 

Virginia

Income & Poverty
2022
2000
1990
Poverty

Note: Poverty status is not determined for unrelated individuals under the age of 15 (such as foster children) or for persons lacking conventional housing.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%)

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2018-2022 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2022 ACS.

1,091,806
Below 100% of the poverty level 10.7%
100-199% of the poverty level 12.9%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 76.4%
People in Poverty: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2022 87.3%
% change: 1990-2000 118.3%
% Families in Poverty by Family Type

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2018-2022 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2022 ACS.

 
All families (among those for whom poverty status is determined) 9.0%
With related children under age 18
11.7%
With related children under age 5
11.4%
Married-couple families 5.5%
With related children under age 18
6.4%
With related children under age 5
7.8%
Families with female householder, no husband present 24.7%
With related children under age 18
33.2%
With related children under age 5
32.0%
Poverty by U.S. Citizenship Status (among the foreign born)  
Naturalized citizens 644,736
Below 100% of the poverty level
7.5%
100-199% of the poverty level
9.9%
At or above 200% of the poverty level
82.6%
Noncitizens 447,070
Below 100% of the poverty level
15.2%
100-199% of the poverty level
17.1%
At or above 200% of the poverty level
67.7%
Foreign Born Living in Poverty by Region of Birth

Note: The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Born in Africa N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N
Born in Asia 473,782
Below 100% of the poverty level
7.9%
Born in Europe 96,045
Below 100% of the poverty level
7.9%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 375,841
Below 100% of the poverty level
15.0%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N
Born in Oceania N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 7,350,631
Below 100% of the poverty level 10.5%
100-199% of the poverty level 13.2%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 76.3%
People in Poverty: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 30.4%
% change: 1990-2000 1.4%
% Families in Poverty by Family Type  
All families (among those for whom poverty status is determined) 7.0%
With related children under age 18
10.6%
With related children under age 5
11.7%
Married-couple families 3.0%
With related children under age 18
3.3%
With related children under age 5
3.8%
Families with female householder, no husband present 21.2%
With related children under age 18
28.5%
With related children under age 5
33.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 561,835
Below 100% of the poverty level 11.1%
100-199% of the poverty level 16.7%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 72.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 6,297,373
Below 100% of the poverty level 9.4%
100-199% of the poverty level 15.1%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 75.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 300,651
Below 100% of the poverty level 9.5%
100-199% of the poverty level 16.4%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 74.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 5,669,895
Below 100% of the poverty level 10.3%
100-199% of the poverty level 15.9%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 73.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Poverty by Language Spoken at Home Number
Household population (among those for whom poverty status is determined, age 5 and older) 7,966,916
Below 100% of the poverty level 822,699
Speaks only English
6,597,695
Below 100% of the poverty level 669,436
Speaks Spanish
599,058
Below 100% of the poverty level 89,376
Speaks other Indo-European languages
303,704
Below 100% of the poverty level 24,794
Speaks Asian or Pacific Island languages
307,114
Below 100% of the poverty level 20,087
Speaks other languages
159,345
Below 100% of the poverty level 19,006
%
Household population (among those for whom poverty status is determined, age 5 and older) 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 10.3%
Speaks only English 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 10.1%
Speaks only Spanish 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 14.9%
Speaks other Indo-European languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 8.2%
Speaks Asian or Pacific Island languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 6.5%
Speaks other languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 11.9%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Earnings

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2018-2022 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2022 ACS.

Foreign Born
Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older). Earnings in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) 559,539
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss 1.4%
Earned $10,000-$14,999 2.0%
Earned $15,000-$24,999 7.3%
Earned $25,000-$34,999 10.9%
Earned $35,000-$49,999 15.4%
Earned $50,000-$74,999 19.7%
Earned $75,000 or more 43.3%
Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) Earnings in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) by U.S. Citizenship  
Naturalized citizens (%) 348,404
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss
1.2%
Earned $10,000-$14,999
1.3%
Earned $15,000-$24,999
4.9%
Earned $25,000-$34,999
8.5%
Earned $35,000-$49,999
13.2%
Earned $50,000-$74,999
20.3%
Earned $75,000 or more
50.6%
Noncitizens (%) 211,135
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss
1.7%
Earned $10,000-$14,999
3.1%
Earned $15,000-$24,999
11.3%
Earned $25,000-$34,999
14.9%
Earned $35,000-$49,999
19.1%
Earned $50,000-$74,999
18.7%
Earned $75,000 or more
31.2%
Median Earnings of Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars by Gender Foreign Born
Male $68,073
Female $57,470
Median Earnings of Foreign-Born Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars by U.S. Citizenship Status and Gender  
Naturalized citizens  
Male
$82,281
Female
$68,025
Noncitizens  
Male
$54,525
Female
$42,498
U.S. Born
Earnings of Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) 2,784,588
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss 1.5%
Earned $10,000-$14,999 1.8%
Earned $15,000-$24,999 5.9%
Earned $25,000-$34,999 10.0%
Earned $35,000-$49,999 16.5%
Earned $50,000-$74,999 23.1%
Earned $75,000 or more 41.3%
Nothing 1  
Nothing 2  
Nothing 3  
Nothing 4  
Nothing 5  
Nothing 6  
Nothing 7  
Nothing 8  
Nothing 9  
Nothing 10  
Nothing 11  
Nothing 12  
Nothing 13  
Nothing 14  
Nothing 15  
Nothing 16  
Nothing 17  
Native Born Native Born
Male $70,869
Female $56,355
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Median Household Income

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2018-2022 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2022 ACS.

Foreign Born
Median Household Income $101,685
Median Household Income by U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized citizens $112,411
Noncitizens $83,819
U.S. Born
Median Household Income $83,749
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
Home Ownership Rate

Note: 1) Refers to the percentage owner households represent among all occupied households. 2) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2018-2022 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2022 ACS. 3) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Home Ownership Rate 61.2%
Home Ownership Rate by Householder's U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized citizens 72.3%
Noncitizens 38.0%
U.S. Born
Home Ownership Rate 68.4%
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
Health Insurance Coverage

Note: Since some people may hold both private and public health insurance coverage at the same time, estimates of those with private health insurance and those with public coverage may overlap. Their sum therefore may be greater than the total number of people with health insurance.

Foreign Born
Civilian noninstitutionalized population (%) 1,089,982
With health insurance 82.5%
With private health insurance
67.0%
With public coverage
25.0%
No health insurance coverage 17.5%
Health Insurance Coverage by U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized Citizens (%) 638,695
With health insurance 92.9%
With private health insurance
75.4%
With public coverage
31.0%
No health insurance coverage 7.1%
Noncitizens (%) 451,287
With health insurance 67.8%
With private health insurance
55.2%
With public coverage
16.4%
No health insurance coverage 32.2%
U.S. Born
Civilian noninstitutionalized population (%) 7,356,396
With health insurance 95.2%
With private health insurance
73.9%
With public coverage
35.6%
No health insurance coverage 4.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2022 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, click here. For ACS methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Matthew Sobek, Daniel Backman, Annie Chen, Grace Cooper, Stephanie Richards, Renae Rogers, and Megan Schouweiler. IPUMS USA: Version 14.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2023. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V14.0​.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • Poverty status is not determined for unrelated individuals under the age of 15 (such as foster children) or for persons lacking conventional housing. 
  • The term “home ownership rate” refers to the percentage owner households represent among all occupied households.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Poverty,” “Earnings,” “Median Household Income,” and “Home Ownership Rate”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2018-2022 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2022 ACS.
  • In the “% Families in Poverty by Family Type” section, “related children” refer to “related children of the householder.”
  • “Health Insurance Coverage”: Private coverage includes employer- or union-provided insurance, insurance purchased directly, and TRICARE (the health program of the U.S. military) or other military health care. Public coverage includes Medicare, Medicaid, or another governmental medical assistance program, and Veterans Administration health care. Individuals can be covered by more than one type of insurance, and they can be covered by both private and public insurers. Since some people may hold both private and public health insurance coverage at the same time, estimates of those with private health insurance and those with public coverage may overlap. Their sum therefore may be greater than the total number of people with health insurance.