E.g., 07/04/2020
E.g., 07/04/2020

State Income Data - VA

Virginia

Income & Poverty
2018
2000
1990
Poverty

Note: Poverty status is not determined for unrelated individuals under the age of 15 (such as foster children) or for persons lacking conventional housing.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%)

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.

1,050,962
Below 100% of the poverty level 10.5%
100-199% of the poverty level 16.7%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 72.8%
People in Poverty: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2018 76.9%
% change: 1990-2000 118.3%
% Families in Poverty by Family Type

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.

 
All families (among those for whom poverty status is determined) 9.0%
With related children under age 18
12.0%
With related children under age 5
11.3%
Married-couple families 5.7%
With related children under age 18
7.1%
With related children under age 5
7.4%
Families with female householder, no husband present 24.5%
With related children under age 18
32.1%
With related children under age 5
43.3%
Poverty by U.S. Citizenship Status (among the foreign born)  
Naturalized citizens 568,936
Below 100% of the poverty level
7.4%
100-199% of the poverty level
12.2%
At or above 200% of the poverty level
80.4%
Noncitizens 482,026
Below 100% of the poverty level
14.2%
100-199% of the poverty level
22.1%
At or above 200% of the poverty level
63.7%
Foreign Born Living in Poverty by Region of Birth

Note: The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Born in Africa N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N
Born in Asia 438,910
Below 100% of the poverty level
8.9%
Born in Europe 100,814
Below 100% of the poverty level
6.8%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 382,005
Below 100% of the poverty level
12.2%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N
Born in Oceania N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 7,213,133
Below 100% of the poverty level 10.7%
100-199% of the poverty level 13.9%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 75.4%
People in Poverty: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 30.4%
% change: 1990-2000 1.4%
% Families in Poverty by Family Type  
All families (among those for whom poverty status is determined) 6.7%
With related children under age 18
11.0%
With related children under age 5
11.5%
Married-couple families 2.8%
With related children under age 18
3.1%
With related children under age 5
1.7%
Families with female householder, no husband present 22.3%
With related children under age 18
31.8%
With related children under age 5
39.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 561,835
Below 100% of the poverty level 11.1%
100-199% of the poverty level 16.7%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 72.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 6,297,373
Below 100% of the poverty level 9.4%
100-199% of the poverty level 15.1%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 75.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 300,651
Below 100% of the poverty level 9.5%
100-199% of the poverty level 16.4%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 74.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 5,669,895
Below 100% of the poverty level 10.3%
100-199% of the poverty level 15.9%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 73.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Poverty by Language Spoken at Home Number
Household population (among those for whom poverty status is determined, age 5 and older) 7,770,276
Below 100% of the poverty level 809,052
Speaks only English
6,485,667
Below 100% of the poverty level 660,496
Speaks Spanish
584,124
Below 100% of the poverty level 78,239
Speaks other Indo-European languages
272,609
Below 100% of the poverty level 23,686
Speaks Asian or Pacific Island languages
293,119
Below 100% of the poverty level 24,914
Speaks other languages
134,757
Below 100% of the poverty level 21,717
%
Household population (among those for whom poverty status is determined, age 5 and older) 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 10.4%
Speaks only English 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 10.2%
Speaks only Spanish 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 13.4%
Speaks other Indo-European languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 8.7%
Speaks Asian or Pacific Island languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 8.5%
Speaks other languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 16.1%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Earnings

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.

Foreign Born
Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older). Earnings in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) 502,905
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss 1.3%
Earned $10,000-$14,999 2.8%
Earned $15,000-$24,999 12.8%
Earned $25,000-$34,999 14.8%
Earned $35,000-$49,999 17.9%
Earned $50,000-$74,999 18.1%
Earned $75,000 or more 32.2%
Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) Earnings in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) by U.S. Citizenship  
Naturalized citizens (%) 292,128
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss
0.8%
Earned $10,000-$14,999
1.8%
Earned $15,000-$24,999
8.6%
Earned $25,000-$34,999
11.1%
Earned $35,000-$49,999
16.8%
Earned $50,000-$74,999
20.7%
Earned $75,000 or more
40.0%
Noncitizens (%) 210,777
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss
2.0%
Earned $10,000-$14,999
4.2%
Earned $15,000-$24,999
18.6%
Earned $25,000-$34,999
20.0%
Earned $35,000-$49,999
19.4%
Earned $50,000-$74,999
14.5%
Earned $75,000 or more
21.4%
Median Earnings of Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars by Gender Foreign Born
Male $54,934
Female $42,443
Median Earnings of Foreign-Born Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars by U.S. Citizenship Status and Gender  
Naturalized citizens  
Male
$67,080
Female
$51,658
Noncitizens  
Male
$40,811
Female
$31,088
U.S. Born
Earnings of Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) 2,648,163
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss 1.5%
Earned $10,000-$14,999 2.5%
Earned $15,000-$24,999 9.8%
Earned $25,000-$34,999 12.8%
Earned $35,000-$49,999 18.6%
Earned $50,000-$74,999 22.6%
Earned $75,000 or more 32.2%
Nothing 1  
Nothing 2  
Nothing 3  
Nothing 4  
Nothing 5  
Nothing 6  
Nothing 7  
Nothing 8  
Nothing 9  
Nothing 10  
Nothing 11  
Nothing 12  
Nothing 13  
Nothing 14  
Nothing 15  
Nothing 16  
Nothing 17  
Native Born Native Born
Male $60,193
Female $47,434
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Median Household Income

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.

Foreign Born
Median Household Income $80,086
Median Household Income by U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized citizens $94,784
Noncitizens $60,977
U.S. Born
Median Household Income $71,769
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
Home Ownership Rate

Note: 1) Refers to the percentage owner households represent among all occupied households. 2) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS. 3) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Home Ownership Rate 57.2%
Home Ownership Rate by Householder's U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized citizens 71.7%
Noncitizens 33.4%
U.S. Born
Home Ownership Rate 67.2%
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
Health Insurance Coverage

Note: Since some people may hold both private and public health insurance coverage at the same time, estimates of those with private health insurance and those with public coverage may overlap. Their sum therefore may be greater than the total number of people with health insurance.

Foreign Born
Civilian noninstitutionalized population (%) 1,052,666
With health insurance 78.9%
With private health insurance
69.5%
With public coverage
17.0%
No health insurance coverage 21.1%
Health Insurance Coverage by U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized Citizens (%) 565,189
With health insurance 90.5%
With private health insurance
78.9%
With public coverage
23.3%
No health insurance coverage 9.5%
Noncitizens (%) 487,477
With health insurance 65.5%
With private health insurance
58.6%
With public coverage
9.8%
No health insurance coverage 34.5%
U.S. Born
Civilian noninstitutionalized population (%) 7,248,372
With health insurance 93.0%
With private health insurance
76.3%
With public coverage
30.3%
No health insurance coverage 7.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2018 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas, and Matthew Sobek. Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS) USA: Version 8.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2018. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V8.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • Poverty status is not determined for unrelated individuals under the age of 15 (such as foster children) or for persons lacking conventional housing. 
  • The term “home ownership rate” refers to the percentage owner households represent among all occupied households.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Poverty,” “Earnings,” “Median Household Income,” and “Home Ownership Rate”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.
  • In the “% Families in Poverty by Family Type” section, “related children” refer to “related children of the householder.”
  • “Health Insurance Coverage”: Private coverage includes employer- or union-provided insurance, insurance purchased directly, and TRICARE (the health program of the U.S. military) or other military health care. Public coverage includes Medicare, Medicaid, or another governmental medical assistance program, and Veterans Administration health care. Individuals can be covered by more than one type of insurance, and they can be covered by both private and public insurers. Since some people may hold both private and public health insurance coverage at the same time, estimates of those with private health insurance and those with public coverage may overlap. Their sum therefore may be greater than the total number of people with health insurance.