E.g., 02/27/2020
E.g., 02/27/2020

State Income Data - VA

Virginia

Income & Poverty
2017
2000
1990
Poverty

Note: Poverty status is not determined for unrelated individuals under the age of 15 (such as foster children) or for persons lacking conventional housing.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%)

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS.

1,047,376
Below 100% of the poverty level 11.0%
100-199% of the poverty level 16.6%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 72.4%
People in Poverty: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2017 84.7%
% change: 1990-2000 118.3%
% Families in Poverty by Family Type

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS.

 
All families (among those for whom poverty status is determined) 9.3%
With related children under age 18
12.6%
With related children under age 5
9.9%
Married-couple families 6.3%
With related children under age 18
7.9%
With related children under age 5
6.6%
Families with female householder, no husband present 22.2%
With related children under age 18
30.3%
With related children under age 5
26.9%
Poverty by U.S. Citizenship Status (among the foreign born)  
Naturalized citizens 548,453
Below 100% of the poverty level
6.8%
100-199% of the poverty level
11.2%
At or above 200% of the poverty level
82.0%
Noncitizens 498,923
Below 100% of the poverty level
15.6%
100-199% of the poverty level
22.6%
At or above 200% of the poverty level
61.8%
Foreign Born Living in Poverty by Region of Birth

Note: The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Born in Africa N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N
Born in Asia 448,005
Below 100% of the poverty level
9.8%
Born in Europe 103,275
Below 100% of the poverty level
7.6%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 366,086
Below 100% of the poverty level
13.5%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N
Born in Oceania N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 7,173,648
Below 100% of the poverty level 10.6%
100-199% of the poverty level 13.9%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 75.5%
People in Poverty: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 28.5%
% change: 1990-2000 1.4%
% Families in Poverty by Family Type  
All families (among those for whom poverty status is determined) 6.7%
With related children under age 18
10.9%
With related children under age 5
8.9%
Married-couple families 2.8%
With related children under age 18
3.2%
With related children under age 5
2.2%
Families with female householder, no husband present 22.5%
With related children under age 18
31.0%
With related children under age 5
28.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 561,835
Below 100% of the poverty level 11.1%
100-199% of the poverty level 16.7%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 72.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 6,297,373
Below 100% of the poverty level 9.4%
100-199% of the poverty level 15.1%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 75.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 300,651
Below 100% of the poverty level 9.5%
100-199% of the poverty level 16.4%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 74.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 5,669,895
Below 100% of the poverty level 10.3%
100-199% of the poverty level 15.9%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 73.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Poverty by Language Spoken at Home Number
Household population (among those for whom poverty status is determined, age 5 and older) 7,725,482
Below 100% of the poverty level 802,040
Speaks only English
6,442,779
Below 100% of the poverty level 655,436
Speaks Spanish
561,602
Below 100% of the poverty level 78,109
Speaks other Indo-European languages
299,068
Below 100% of the poverty level 24,818
Speaks Asian or Pacific Island languages
289,273
Below 100% of the poverty level 23,085
Speaks other languages
132,760
Below 100% of the poverty level 20,592
%
Household population (among those for whom poverty status is determined, age 5 and older) 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 10.4%
Speaks only English 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 10.2%
Speaks only Spanish 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 13.9%
Speaks other Indo-European languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 8.3%
Speaks Asian or Pacific Island languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 8.0%
Speaks other languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 15.5%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Earnings

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS.

Foreign Born
Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older). Earnings in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) 511,514
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss 1.6%
Earned $10,000-$14,999 3.2%
Earned $15,000-$24,999 13.1%
Earned $25,000-$34,999 15.1%
Earned $35,000-$49,999 16.7%
Earned $50,000-$74,999 18.9%
Earned $75,000 or more 31.4%
Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) Earnings in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) by U.S. Citizenship  
Naturalized citizens (%) 290,758
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss
1.1%
Earned $10,000-$14,999
2.6%
Earned $15,000-$24,999
8.6%
Earned $25,000-$34,999
12.2%
Earned $35,000-$49,999
16.2%
Earned $50,000-$74,999
21.4%
Earned $75,000 or more
38.0%
Noncitizens (%) 220,756
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss
2.3%
Earned $10,000-$14,999
3.9%
Earned $15,000-$24,999
18.9%
Earned $25,000-$34,999
19.0%
Earned $35,000-$49,999
17.4%
Earned $50,000-$74,999
15.7%
Earned $75,000 or more
22.7%
Median Earnings of Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars by Gender Foreign Born
Male $52,351
Female $42,309
Median Earnings of Foreign-Born Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars by U.S. Citizenship Status and Gender  
Naturalized citizens  
Male
$61,989
Female
$52,240
Noncitizens  
Male
$44,178
Female
$30,329
U.S. Born
Earnings of Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) 2,612,622
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss 1.5%
Earned $10,000-$14,999 2.7%
Earned $15,000-$24,999 10.7%
Earned $25,000-$34,999 12.7%
Earned $35,000-$49,999 18.9%
Earned $50,000-$74,999 22.8%
Earned $75,000 or more 30.8%
Nothing 1  
Nothing 2  
Nothing 3  
Nothing 4  
Nothing 5  
Nothing 6  
Nothing 7  
Nothing 8  
Nothing 9  
Nothing 10  
Nothing 11  
Nothing 12  
Nothing 13  
Nothing 14  
Nothing 15  
Nothing 16  
Nothing 17  
Native Born Native Born
Male $59,413
Female $45,989
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Median Household Income

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS.

Foreign Born
Median Household Income $77,733
Median Household Income by U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized citizens $88,066
Noncitizens $63,189
U.S. Born
Median Household Income $70,832
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
Home Ownership Rate

Note: 1) Refers to the percentage owner households represent among all occupied households. 2) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS. 3) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Home Ownership Rate 58.2%
Home Ownership Rate by Householder's U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized citizens 70.7%
Noncitizens 37.8%
U.S. Born
Home Ownership Rate 67.8%
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
Health Insurance Coverage

Note: Since some people may hold both private and public health insurance coverage at the same time, estimates of those with public health insurance and those with public coverage may overlap. Their sum therefore may be greater than the total number of people with health insurance.

Foreign Born
Civilian noninstitutionalized population (%) 1,049,656
With health insurance 79.4%
With private health insurance
70.0%
With public coverage
16.8%
No health insurance coverage 20.6%
Health Insurance Coverage by U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized Citizens (%) 545,711
With health insurance 91.5%
With private health insurance
80.6%
With public coverage
22.8%
No health insurance coverage 8.5%
Noncitizens (%) 503,945
With health insurance 66.4%
With private health insurance
58.6%
With public coverage
10.3%
No health insurance coverage 33.6%
U.S. Born
Civilian noninstitutionalized population (%) 7,207,154
With health insurance 92.9%
With private health insurance
77.1%
With public coverage
29.4%
No health insurance coverage 7.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2017 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas, and Matthew Sobek. Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS) USA: Version 8.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2018. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V8.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • Poverty status is not determined for unrelated individuals under the age of 15 (such as foster children) or for persons lacking conventional housing. 
  • The term “home ownership rate” refers to the percentage owner households represent among all occupied households.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Poverty,” “Earnings,” “Median Household Income,” and “Home Ownership Rate”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS.
  • In the “% Families in Poverty by Family Type” section, “related children” refer to “related children of the householder.”
  • “Health Insurance Coverage”: Since some people may hold both private and public health insurance coverage at the same time, estimates of those with public health insurance and those with public coverage may overlap. Their sum therefore may be greater than the total number of people with health insurance.