E.g., 03/04/2024
E.g., 03/04/2024
State Demographics Data - VA
 

Virginia

Demographics & Social
2022
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 1,105,028
% Foreign Born 12.7%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2022 93.8%
% change: 1990-2000 82.9%
Race (%)  
One race 85.0%
White
19.3%
Black or African American
12.1%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.7%
Asian
36.7%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.2%
Other race
16.0%
Two or more races 15.0%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 350,102
% Latino 31.7%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.6%
5-17 5.7%
18-64 78.9%
65 and older 14.8%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau’s pooled 2018-2022 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2022 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

44.6
Gender (% female) 51.9%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 23.6%
Married 62.5%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 13.9%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 7,578,591
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 16.4%
% change: 1990-2000 10.8%
Race (%)  
One race 91.6%
White 66.1%
Black or African American 19.6%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.2%
Asian 2.7%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.1%
Other race 2.8%
Two or more races 8.4%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 555,648
% Latino 7.3%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 6.3%
5-17 17.4%
18-64 59.2%
65 and older 17.1%
Median Age 37.5
Gender (% female) 50.3%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 34.9%
Married 47.3%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 17.8%
Foreign Born
Number 570,279
% Foreign Born 8.1%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 6,508,236
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 311,809
% Foreign Born 5.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 5,875,549
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

1,105,028
Born in Africa 130,723
Born in Asia 478,556
Born in Europe 97,728
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 380,431
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 12,727
Born in Oceania 4,863
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

 
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

1,105,028
Europe 97,728
Northern Europe 25,450
United Kingdom
19,793
Ireland
1,540
Other Northern Europe
4,117
Western Europe 24,288
France
4,263
Germany
15,298
Other Western Europe
4,727
Southern Europe 12,480
Italy
5,691
Portugal
1,269
Other Southern Europe
5,520
Eastern Europe 35,277
Poland
2,283
Russia
8,955
Other Eastern Europe
24,039
Other Europe (no country specified) 233
Asia 478,556
Eastern Asia 117,840
China
54,635

China, excluding Taiwan

46,748

Taiwan

7,887
Japan
9,349
Korea
51,634
Other Eastern Asia
2,222
South Central Asia 200,475
India
103,542
Iran
14,652
Other South Central Asia
82,281
Southeastern Asia 116,230
Philippines
51,831
Vietnam
42,118
Other Southeastern Asia
22,281
Western Asia 41,604
Israel
2,975
Lebanon
3,621
Other Western Asia
35,008
Other Asia (no country specified) 2,407
Africa 130,723
Eastern Africa 47,941
Northern Africa 27,028
Western Africa 39,516
Middle and Southern Africa 12,490
Other Africa (no country specified) 3,748
Oceania 4,863
Australia and New Zealand subregion 3,111
Oceania (no country specified) 1,752
Americas 393,158
Latin America 380,431
Caribbean
35,519

Cuba

6,817

Jamaica

9,889

Other Caribbean

18,813
Central America
239,187

Mexico

54,271

El Salvador

103,229

Other Central America

81,687
South America
105,725

Brazil

8,675

Colombia

15,874

Other South America

81,176
Northern America 12,727
Canada
12,678
Other Northern America
49
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 239,916
1990-1999 203,487
2000-2009 290,616
Since 2010 371,009
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 11.8%
Born in Asia 43.3%
Born in Europe 8.8%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 34.4%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 1.2%
Born in Oceania 0.4%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 8.8%
Northern Europe 2.3%
United Kingdom 1.8%
Ireland 0.1%
Other Northern Europe 0.4%
Western Europe 2.2%
France 0.4%
Germany 1.4%
Other Western Europe 0.4%
Southern Europe 1.1%
Italy 0.5%
Portugal 0.1%
Other Southern Europe 0.5%
Eastern Europe 3.2%
Poland 0.2%
Russia 0.8%
Other Eastern Europe 2.2%
Other Europe (no country specified) N
Asia 43.3%
Eastern Asia 10.7%
China 4.9%
China, excluding Taiwan 4.2%
Taiwan 0.7%
Japan 0.8%
Korea 4.7%
Other Eastern Asia 0.2%
South Central Asia 18.1%
India 9.4%
Iran 1.3%
Other South Central Asia 7.4%
Southeastern Asia 10.5%
Philippines 4.7%
Vietnam 3.8%
Other Southeastern Asia 2.0%
Western Asia 3.8%
Israel 0.3%
Lebanon 0.3%
Other Western Asia 3.2%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.2%
Africa 11.8%
Eastern Africa 4.3%
Northern Africa 2.4%
Western Africa 3.6%
Middle and Southern Africa 1.1%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.3%
Oceania 0.4%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.3%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.2%
Americas 35.6%
Latin America 34.4%
Caribbean 3.2%
Cuba 0.6%
Jamaica 0.9%
Other Caribbean 1.7%
Central America 21.6%
Mexico 4.9%
El Salvador 9.3%
Other Central America 7.4%
South America 9.6%
Brazil 0.8%
Colombia 1.4%
Other South America 7.3%
Northern America 1.2%
Canada 1.1%
Other Northern America N
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 21.7%
1980-1989 18.4%
1990-1999 26.3%
Since 2000 33.6%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 570,279
Born in Africa 42,509
Born in Asia 235,374
Born in Europe 86,612
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 189,809
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 13,160
Cat28 2,807
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 7.5%
Born in Asia 41.3%
Born in Europe 15.2%
Born in Latin America 33.3%
Born in Northern America 2.3%
Born in Oceania 0.5%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 299,626
Born in Africa 13,220
Born in Asia 134,526
Born in Europe 64,759
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 75,309
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 9,765
Cat21 2,047
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 4.4%
Born in Asia 44.9%
Born in Europe 21.6%
Born in Latin America 25.1%
Born in Northern America 3.3%
Born in Oceania 0.7%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 1,105,028
Naturalized citizens 648,556
Noncitizens 456,472
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 648,556
Before 1990 93,433
1990-1999 101,674
2000-2009 176,877
2010-2014 99,340
Since 2015 177,232
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 58.7%
Noncitizens 41.3%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 14.4%
1980-1989 15.7%
1990-1999 27.3%
2000-2009 15.3%
Since 2010 27.3%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 570,279
Naturalized citizens 232,767
Noncitizens 337,512
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 40.8%
Noncitizens 59.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 311,809
Naturalized citizens 125,653
Noncitizens 186,156
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 40.3%
Noncitizens 59.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 326,288
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 21,366
% married among women who gave birth
82.2%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
17.8%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 1,717,332
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 83,173
% married among women who gave birth 70.4%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 29.6%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S Census Bureau’s pooled 2018-2022 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2022 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3.13
Average family size 3.52
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.4
Average family size 3
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers to children between ages 0 and 17 (regardless of their nativity) who reside with at least one parent. This means that the number of children shown here is smaller than the overall number of U.S. children under 18. Since 2013, the U.S. Census Bureau includes children of same-sex married couples in its count of children in families and subfamilies.

 
Children under age 18 with 1,766,766
Only native parent(s)
1,324,962
One or more foreign-born parents
441,804

Child is native

380,985

Child is foreign born

60,819
Children under age 6 with 555,996
Only native parent(s)
420,415
One or more foreign-born parents
135,581

Child is native

127,341

Child is foreign born

8,240
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 1,210,770
Only native parent(s)
904,547
One or more foreign-born parents
306,223

Child is native

253,644

Child is foreign born

52,579
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers to children between ages 0 and 17 (regardless of their nativity) who reside with at least one parent. This means that the number of children shown here is smaller than the overall number of U.S. children under 18. Since 2013, the U.S. Census Bureau includes children of same-sex married couples in its count of children in families and subfamilies. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

505,380
Only native parents 371,821
One or more foreign-born parents 133,559
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 75.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 25.0%
Child is native 21.6%
Child is foreign born 3.4%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 75.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 24.4%
Child is native 22.9%
Child is foreign born 1.5%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 74.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 25.3%
Child is native 20.9%
Child is foreign born 4.3%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 73.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 26.4%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,652,809
Only native parent(s) 1,435,457
One or more foreign-born parents 217,352
Child is native 170,358
Child is foreign born 46,994
Children under age 6 with 535,315
Only native parent(s) 457,468
One or more foreign-born parents 77,847
Child is native 70,642
Child is foreign born 7,205
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 1,117,494
Only native parent(s) 977,989
One or more foreign-born parents 139,505
Child is native 99,716
Child is foreign born 39,789
Children in Low-Income Families* 505,017
Only native parents 439,775
One or more foreign-born parents 65,242
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 86.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 13.2%
Child is native 10.3%
Child is foreign born 2.8%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 85.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 14.5%
Child is native 13.2%
Child is foreign born 1.3%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 87.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 12.5%
Child is native 8.9%
Child is foreign born 3.6%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 87.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 12.9%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,443,150
Only native parent(s) 1,317,669
One or more foreign-born parents 125,481
Child is native 95,772
Child is foreign born 29,709
Children under age 6 with 511,476
Only native parent(s) 467,343
One or more foreign-born parents 44,133
Child is native 39,459
Child is foreign born 4,674
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 931,674
Only native parent(s) 850,326
One or more foreign-born parents 81,348
Child is native 56,313
Child is foreign born 25,035
Children in Low-Income Families* 466,167
Only native parents 431,436
One or more foreign-born parents 34,731
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 91.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 8.7%
Child is native 6.6%
Child is foreign born 2.1%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 91.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 8.6%
Child is native 7.7%
Child is foreign born 0.9%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 91.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 8.7%
Child is native 6.0%
Child is foreign born 2.7%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 92.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 7.5%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2022 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, click here. For ACS methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Matthew Sobek, Daniel Backman, Annie Chen, Grace Cooper, Stephanie Richards, Renae Rogers, and Megan Schouweiler. IPUMS USA: Version 14.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2023. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V14.0​.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • Race and Hispanic origin: In preparation for the 2020 Decennial Census, the Census Bureau has made some improvements and changes in how the respondents were asked about their race and Hispanic origin on the 2020 decennial Census form. The goal was to achieve a more accurate portrait of how U.S. residents self-identify. The same changes in the questionnaire design were implemented in the subsequent ACS as well. Note that the racial composition of the U.S. population in the current ACS looks different from pre-2020 data. For instance, the proportion of people who reported “two or more races” has increased, while the proportion of “white alone” decreased, reflecting both the growth of a more racially diverse population and the changes in the questionnaire design. Race and Hispanic origin comparisons between the current ACS and pre-2020 data should be made with caution, taking into account the changes in the questionnaire design. For more details, visit the Census Bureau’s Resource Library.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2018-2022 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2022 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Children: The data here include children between ages 0 and 17 (regardless of their nativity) who reside with at least one parent. This means that the number of children shown here is smaller than the overall number of U.S. children under 18. Since 2013, the U.S. Census Bureau has included children of same-sex married couples in its count of children in families and subfamilies.