E.g., 06/13/2021
E.g., 06/13/2021
State Demographics Data - VA
 

Virginia

Demographics & Social
2019
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 1,083,823
% Foreign Born 12.7%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2019 90.1%
% change: 1990-2000 82.9%
Race (%)  
One race 96.6%
White
37.1%
Black or African American
11.6%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.2%
Asian
35.3%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.0%
Other race
12.3%
Two or more races 3.4%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 356,372
% Latino 32.9%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 1.0%
5-17 5.7%
18-64 79.9%
65 and older 13.4%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau’s pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

43.4
Gender (% female) 52.6%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 23.5%
Married 62.6%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 13.9%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 7,451,696
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 14.5%
% change: 1990-2000 10.8%
Race (%)  
One race 96.2%
White 71.3%
Black or African American 20.6%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.3%
Asian 2.5%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.1%
Other race 1.5%
Two or more races 3.8%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 471,782
% Latino 6.3%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 6.6%
5-17 17.4%
18-64 59.8%
65 and older 16.3%
Median Age 37.2
Gender (% female) 50.5%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 34.6%
Married 46.9%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 18.4%
Foreign Born
Number 570,279
% Foreign Born 8.1%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 6,508,236
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 311,809
% Foreign Born 5.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 5,875,549
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

1,083,766
Born in Africa 115,512
Born in Asia 460,740
Born in Europe 98,934
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 391,201
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 13,549
Born in Oceania 3,830
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

 
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

1,083,766
Europe 98,934
Northern Europe 24,221
United Kingdom
19,620
Ireland
1,283
Other Northern Europe
3,318
Western Europe 26,774
France
3,411
Germany
16,587
Other Western Europe
6,776
Southern Europe 14,543
Italy
5,584
Portugal
2,746
Other Southern Europe
6,213
Eastern Europe 33,345
Poland
2,369
Russia
8,611
Other Eastern Europe
22,365
Other Europe (no country specified) 51
Asia 460,740
Eastern Asia 114,540
China
58,349

China, excluding Taiwan

51,271

Taiwan

7,078
Japan
8,044
Korea
46,125
Other Eastern Asia
2,022
South Central Asia 186,994
India
95,831
Iran
13,116
Other South Central Asia
78,047
Southeastern Asia 122,255
Philippines
48,694
Vietnam
50,177
Other Southeastern Asia
23,384
Western Asia 35,068
Israel
1,225
Lebanon
4,888
Other Western Asia
28,955
Other Asia (no country specified) 1,883
Africa 115,512
Eastern Africa 40,414
Northern Africa
24,090
Western Africa
38,120
Middle and Southern Africa
8,301
Other Africa (no country specified)
4,587
Oceania 3,830
Australia and New Zealand subregion 3,317
Oceania (no country specified) 513
Americas 404,750
Latin America 391,201
Caribbean
37,179

Cuba

5,859

Jamaica

11,674

Other Caribbean

19,646
Central America
260,761

Mexico

68,557

El Salvador

111,706

Other Central America

80,498
South America
93,261

Brazil

7,502

Colombia

11,808

Other South America

73,951
Northern America 13,549
Canada
12,957
Other Northern America
592
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 250,494
1990-1999 222,835
2000-2009 303,982
Since 2010 306,512
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 10.7%
Born in Asia 42.5%
Born in Europe 9.1%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 36.1%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 1.3%
Born in Oceania 0.4%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 9.1%
Northern Europe 2.2%
United Kingdom 1.8%
Ireland 0.1%
Other Northern Europe 0.3%
Western Europe 2.5%
France 0.3%
Germany 1.5%
Other Western Europe 0.6%
Southern Europe 1.3%
Italy 0.5%
Portugal 0.3%
Other Southern Europe 0.6%
Eastern Europe 3.1%
Poland 0.2%
Russia 0.8%
Other Eastern Europe 2.1%
Other Europe (no country specified) N
Asia 42.5%
Eastern Asia 10.6%
China 5.4%
China, excluding Taiwan 4.7%
Taiwan 0.7%
Japan 0.7%
Korea 4.3%
Other Eastern Asia 0.2%
South Central Asia 17.3%
India 8.8%
Iran 1.2%
Other South Central Asia 7.2%
Southeastern Asia 11.3%
Philippines 4.5%
Vietnam 4.6%
Other Southeastern Asia 2.2%
Western Asia 3.2%
Israel 0.1%
Lebanon 0.5%
Other Western Asia 2.7%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.2%
Africa 10.7%
Eastern Africa 3.7%
Northern Africa 2.2%
Western Africa 3.5%
Middle and Southern Africa 0.8%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.4%
Oceania 0.4%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.3%
Oceania (no country specified) N
Americas 37.3%
Latin America 36.1%
Caribbean 3.4%
Cuba 0.5%
Jamaica 1.1%
Other Caribbean 1.8%
Central America 24.1%
Mexico 6.3%
El Salvador 10.3%
Other Central America 7.4%
South America 8.6%
Brazil 0.7%
Colombia 1.1%
Other South America 6.8%
Northern America 1.3%
Canada 1.2%
Other Northern America 0.1%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 23.1%
1980-1989 20.6%
1990-1999 28.0%
Since 2000 28.3%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 570,279
Born in Africa 42,509
Born in Asia 235,374
Born in Europe 86,612
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 189,809
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 13,160
Cat28 2,807
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 7.5%
Born in Asia 41.3%
Born in Europe 15.2%
Born in Latin America 33.3%
Born in Northern America 2.3%
Born in Oceania 0.5%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 299,626
Born in Africa 13,220
Born in Asia 134,526
Born in Europe 64,759
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 75,309
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 9,765
Cat21 2,047
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 4.4%
Born in Asia 44.9%
Born in Europe 21.6%
Born in Latin America 25.1%
Born in Northern America 3.3%
Born in Oceania 0.7%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 1,083,823
Naturalized citizens 577,074
Noncitizens 506,749
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 577,074
Before 1990 102,816
1990-1999 98,847
2000-2009 175,189
2010-2014 93,972
Since 2015 106,250
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 53.2%
Noncitizens 46.8%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 17.8%
1980-1989 17.1%
1990-1999 30.4%
2000-2009 16.3%
Since 2010 18.4%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 570,279
Naturalized citizens 232,767
Noncitizens 337,512
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 40.8%
Noncitizens 59.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 311,809
Naturalized citizens 125,653
Noncitizens 186,156
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 40.3%
Noncitizens 59.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 342,510
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 21,315
% married among women who gave birth
81.3%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
18.7%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 1,673,025
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 76,689
% married among women who gave birth 71.1%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 28.9%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S Census Bureau’s pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3.29
Average family size 3.70
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.49
Average family size 3.09
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau has excluded children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 1,755,381
Only native parent(s)
1,315,179
One or more foreign-born parents
440,202

Child is native

379,811

Child is foreign born

60,391
Children under age 6 with 571,960
Only native parent(s)
433,152
One or more foreign-born parents
138,808

Child is native

127,591

Child is foreign born

11,217
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 1,183,421
Only native parent(s)
882,027
One or more foreign-born parents
301,394

Child is native

252,220

Child is foreign born

49,174
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau has excluded children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

519,240
Only native parents 369,813
One or more foreign-born parents 149,427
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 74.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 25.1%
Child is native 21.6%
Child is foreign born 3.4%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 75.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 24.3%
Child is native 22.3%
Child is foreign born 2.0%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 74.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 25.5%
Child is native 21.3%
Child is foreign born 4.2%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 71.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 28.8%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,652,809
Only native parent(s) 1,435,457
One or more foreign-born parents 217,352
Child is native 170,358
Child is foreign born 46,994
Children under age 6 with 535,315
Only native parent(s) 457,468
One or more foreign-born parents 77,847
Child is native 70,642
Child is foreign born 7,205
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 1,117,494
Only native parent(s) 977,989
One or more foreign-born parents 139,505
Child is native 99,716
Child is foreign born 39,789
Children in Low-Income Families* 505,017
Only native parents 439,775
One or more foreign-born parents 65,242
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 86.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 13.2%
Child is native 10.3%
Child is foreign born 2.8%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 85.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 14.5%
Child is native 13.2%
Child is foreign born 1.3%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 87.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 12.5%
Child is native 8.9%
Child is foreign born 3.6%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 87.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 12.9%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,443,150
Only native parent(s) 1,317,669
One or more foreign-born parents 125,481
Child is native 95,772
Child is foreign born 29,709
Children under age 6 with 511,476
Only native parent(s) 467,343
One or more foreign-born parents 44,133
Child is native 39,459
Child is foreign born 4,674
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 931,674
Only native parent(s) 850,326
One or more foreign-born parents 81,348
Child is native 56,313
Child is foreign born 25,035
Children in Low-Income Families* 466,167
Only native parents 431,436
One or more foreign-born parents 34,731
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 91.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 8.7%
Child is native 6.6%
Child is foreign born 2.1%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 91.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 8.6%
Child is native 7.7%
Child is foreign born 0.9%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 91.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 8.7%
Child is native 6.0%
Child is foreign born 2.7%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 92.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 7.5%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2019 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas and Matthew Sobek. IPUMS USA: Version 10.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2020. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V10.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau has excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.