E.g., 08/16/2018
E.g., 08/16/2018

State Demographics Data - VA

Virginia

Demographics & Social
2016
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 1,031,169
% Foreign Born 12.3%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2016 80.8%
% change: 1990-2000 82.9%
Race (%)  
One race 96.9%
White
37.6%
Black or African American
11.0%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.2%
Asian
35.6%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.1%
Other race
12.5%
Two or more races 3.1%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 334,863
% Latino 32.5%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.8%
5-17 5.8%
18-64 81.3%
65 and older 12.1%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2012-2016 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2016 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

42.1
Gender (% female) 51.7%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 24.5%
Married 61.6%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 13.9%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 7,380,639
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 13.4%
% change: 1990-2000 10.8%
Race (%)  
One race 96.2%
White 72.1%
Black or African American 20.2%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.3%
Asian 2.2%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.1%
Other race 1.4%
Two or more races 3.8%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 425,748
% Latino 5.8%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 6.7%
5-17 17.7%
18-64 60.7%
65 and older 14.9%
Median Age 37.1
Gender (% female) 50.7%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 33.9%
Married 47.4%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 18.7%
Foreign Born
Number 570,279
% Foreign Born 8.1%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 6,508,236
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 311,809
% Foreign Born 5.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 5,875,549
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

1,031,169
Born in Africa 106,858
Born in Asia 445,511
Born in Europe 100,590
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 363,242
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 12,270
Born in Oceania 2,698
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1 El Salvador
Country #2 India
Country #3 Mexico
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

1,031,169
Europe 100,590
Northern Europe 25,339
United Kingdom
20,041
Ireland
2,077
Other Northern Europe
3,221
Western Europe 29,007
France
4,989
Germany
18,466
Other Western Europe
5,552
Southern Europe 11,702
Italy
4,480
Portugal
1,751
Other Southern Europe
5,471
Eastern Europe 34,361
Poland
3,560
Russia
7,740
Other Eastern Europe
23,061
Other Europe (no country specified) 181
Asia 445,511
Eastern Asia 111,453
China
48,259

China, excluding Taiwan

41,273

Taiwan

6,986
Japan
9,018
Korea
52,075
Other Eastern Asia
2,101
South Central Asia 173,845
India
89,999
Iran
14,275
Other South Central Asia
69,571
Southeastern Asia 121,027
Philippines
53,461
Vietnam
42,099
Other Southeastern Asia
25,467
Western Asia 37,791
Israel
1,660
Lebanon
3,068
Other Western Asia
33,063
Other Asia (no country specified) 1,395
Africa 106,858
Eastern Africa 41,026
Northern Africa
24,521
Western Africa
32,811
Middle and Southern Africa
6,381
Other Africa (no country specified)
2,119
Oceania 2,698
Australia and New Zealand subregion 2,043
Oceania (no country specified) 655
Americas 375,512
Latin America 363,242
Caribbean
31,360

Cuba

5,246

Jamaica

10,398

Other Caribbean

15,716
Central America
241,745

Mexico

52,911

El Salvador

105,844

Other Central America

82,990
South America
90,137

Brazil

6,057

Colombia

14,560

Other South America

69,520
Northern America 12,270
Canada
11,901
Other Northern America
369
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 259,916
1990-1999 229,581
2000-2009 328,517
Since 2010 213,155
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 10.4%
Born in Asia 43.2%
Born in Europe 9.8%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 35.2%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 1.2%
Born in Oceania 0.3%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 9.30%
Country #2 7.50%
Country #3 6.30
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 9.8%
Northern Europe 2.5%
United Kingdom 1.9%
Ireland 0.2%
Other Northern Europe 0.3%
Western Europe 2.8%
France 0.5%
Germany 1.8%
Other Western Europe 0.5%
Southern Europe 1.1%
Italy 0.4%
Portugal 0.2%
Other Southern Europe 0.5%
Eastern Europe 3.3%
Poland 0.3%
Russia 0.8%
Other Eastern Europe 2.2%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.0%
Asia 43.2%
Eastern Asia 10.8%
China 4.7%
China, excluding Taiwan 4.0%
Taiwan 0.7%
Japan 0.9%
Korea 5.1%
Other Eastern Asia 0.2%
South Central Asia 16.9%
India 8.7%
Iran 1.4%
Other South Central Asia 6.7%
Southeastern Asia 11.7%
Philippines 5.2%
Vietnam 4.1%
Other Southeastern Asia 2.5%
Western Asia 3.7%
Israel 0.2%
Lebanon 0.3%
Other Western Asia 3.2%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.1%
Africa 10.4%
Eastern Africa 4.0%
Northern Africa 2.4%
Western Africa 3.2%
Middle and Southern Africa 0.6%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.2%
Oceania 0.3%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.2%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.1%
Americas 36.4%
Latin America 35.2%
Caribbean 3.0%
Cuba 0.5%
Jamaica 1.0%
Other Caribbean 1.5%
Central America 23.4%
Mexico 5.1%
El Salvador 10.3%
Other Central America 8.0%
South America 8.7%
Brazil 0.6%
Colombia 1.4%
Other South America 6.7%
Northern America 1.2%
Canada 1.2%
Other Northern America 0.0%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 25.2%
1980-1989 22.3%
1990-1999 31.9%
Since 2000 20.7%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 570,279
Born in Africa 42,509
Born in Asia 235,374
Born in Europe 86,612
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 189,809
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 13,160
Cat28 2,807
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 El Salvador
Country #2 Korea
Country #3 Philippines
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 7.5%
Born in Asia 41.3%
Born in Europe 15.2%
Born in Latin America 33.3%
Born in Northern America 2.3%
Born in Oceania 0.5%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 9.60%
Country #2 6.50%
Country #3 6.40
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 299,626
Born in Africa 13,220
Born in Asia 134,526
Born in Europe 64,759
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 75,309
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 9,765
Cat21 2,047
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Korea
Country #2 Philippines
Country #3 El Salvador
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 4.4%
Born in Asia 44.9%
Born in Europe 21.6%
Born in Latin America 25.1%
Born in Northern America 3.3%
Born in Oceania 0.7%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 7.60%
Country #2 7.30%
Country #3 6.90%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 1,031,169
Naturalized citizens 530,624
Noncitizens 500,545
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 530,624
Before 1980 49,304
1980-1989 57,145
1990-1999 98,015
2000-2009 179,220
Since 2010 146,940
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 51.5%
Noncitizens 48.5%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 9.3%
1980-1989 10.8%
1990-1999 18.5%
2000-2009 33.8%
Since 2010 27.7%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 570,279
Naturalized citizens 232,767
Noncitizens 337,512
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 40.8%
Noncitizens 59.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 311,809
Naturalized citizens 125,653
Noncitizens 186,156
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 40.3%
Noncitizens 59.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 330,926
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 20,173
% married among women who gave birth
85.2%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
14.8%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 1,693,236
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 80,027
% married among women who gave birth 68.4%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 31.6%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2012-2016 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2016 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3.27
Average family size 3.67
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.52
Average family size 3.12
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 1,769,202
Only native parent(s)
1,352,272
One or more foreign-born parents
416,930

Child is native

360,536

Child is foreign born

56,394
Children under age 6 with 577,569
Only native parent(s)
437,681
One or more foreign-born parents
139,888

Child is native

129,136

Child is foreign born

10,752
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 1,191,633
Only native parent(s)
914,591
One or more foreign-born parents
277,042

Child is native

231,400

Child is foreign born

45,642
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

551,378
Only native parents 400,029
One or more foreign-born parents 151,349
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 76.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 23.6%
Child is native 20.4%
Child is foreign born 3.2%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 75.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 24.2%
Child is native 22.4%
Child is foreign born 1.9%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 76.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 23.2%
Child is native 19.4%
Child is foreign born 3.8%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 72.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 27.4%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,652,809
Only native parent(s) 1,435,457
One or more foreign-born parents 217,352
Child is native 170,358
Child is foreign born 46,994
Children under age 6 with 535,315
Only native parent(s) 457,468
One or more foreign-born parents 77,847
Child is native 70,642
Child is foreign born 7,205
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 1,117,494
Only native parent(s) 977,989
One or more foreign-born parents 139,505
Child is native 99,716
Child is foreign born 39,789
Children in Low-Income Families* 505,017
Only native parents 439,775
One or more foreign-born parents 65,242
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 86.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 13.2%
Child is native 10.3%
Child is foreign born 2.8%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 85.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 14.5%
Child is native 13.2%
Child is foreign born 1.3%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 87.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 12.5%
Child is native 8.9%
Child is foreign born 3.6%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 87.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 12.9%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,443,150
Only native parent(s) 1,317,669
One or more foreign-born parents 125,481
Child is native 95,772
Child is foreign born 29,709
Children under age 6 with 511,476
Only native parent(s) 467,343
One or more foreign-born parents 44,133
Child is native 39,459
Child is foreign born 4,674
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 931,674
Only native parent(s) 850,326
One or more foreign-born parents 81,348
Child is native 56,313
Child is foreign born 25,035
Children in Low-Income Families* 466,167
Only native parents 431,436
One or more foreign-born parents 34,731
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 91.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 8.7%
Child is native 6.6%
Child is foreign born 2.1%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 91.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 8.6%
Child is native 7.7%
Child is foreign born 0.9%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 91.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 8.7%
Child is native 6.0%
Child is foreign born 2.7%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 92.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 7.5%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2016 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2012-2016 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2016 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.