E.g., 09/21/2020
E.g., 09/21/2020

State Demographics Data - VA

Virginia

Demographics & Social
2018
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 1,065,076
% Foreign Born 12.5%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2018 86.8%
% change: 1990-2000 82.9%
Race (%)  
One race 96.0%
White
39.1%
Black or African American
11.6%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.2%
Asian
34.7%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.1%
Other race
10.3%
Two or more races 4.0%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 351,881
% Latino 33.0%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.9%
5-17 6.4%
18-64 79.6%
65 and older 13.0%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

42.6
Gender (% female) 51.9%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 23.8%
Married 62.5%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 13.7%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 7,452,609
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 14.5%
% change: 1990-2000 10.8%
Race (%)  
One race 95.9%
White 71.4%
Black or African American 20.2%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.3%
Asian 2.5%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.1%
Other race 1.4%
Two or more races 4.1%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 460,929
% Latino 6.2%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 6.6%
5-17 17.4%
18-64 60.1%
65 and older 15.8%
Median Age 37.1
Gender (% female) 50.6%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 34.1%
Married 46.9%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 18.9%
Foreign Born
Number 570,279
% Foreign Born 8.1%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 6,508,236
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 311,809
% Foreign Born 5.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 5,875,549
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

1,065,076
Born in Africa 113,550
Born in Asia 444,785
Born in Europe 101,887
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 387,922
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 13,530
Born in Oceania 3,402
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

1,065,076
Europe 101,887
Northern Europe 24,335
United Kingdom
18,638
Ireland
2,234
Other Northern Europe
3,463
Western Europe 29,966
France
6,291
Germany
18,121
Other Western Europe
5,554
Southern Europe 11,959
Italy
3,331
Portugal
2,319
Other Southern Europe
6,309
Eastern Europe 35,503
Poland
3,001
Russia
8,920
Other Eastern Europe
23,582
Other Europe (no country specified) 124
Asia 444,785
Eastern Asia 114,614
China
50,596

China, excluding Taiwan

43,214

Taiwan

7,382
Japan
9,207
Korea
52,296
Other Eastern Asia
2,515
South Central Asia 168,215
India
92,022
Iran
13,570
Other South Central Asia
62,623
Southeastern Asia 124,219
Philippines
58,999
Vietnam
45,338
Other Southeastern Asia
19,882
Western Asia 36,447
Israel
1,638
Lebanon
3,426
Other Western Asia
31,383
Other Asia (no country specified) 1,290
Africa 113,550
Eastern Africa 41,436
Northern Africa
25,212
Western Africa
32,983
Middle and Southern Africa
9,782
Other Africa (no country specified)
4,137
Oceania 3,402
Australia and New Zealand subregion 2,407
Oceania (no country specified) 995
Americas 401,452
Latin America 387,922
Caribbean
35,986

Cuba

6,711

Jamaica

9,751

Other Caribbean

19,524
Central America
254,083

Mexico

49,784

El Salvador

124,682

Other Central America

79,617
South America
97,853

Brazil

9,489

Colombia

11,298

Other South America

77,066
Northern America 13,530
Canada
12,592
Other Northern America
938
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 264,675
1990-1999 213,773
2000-2009 302,100
Since 2010 284,528
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 10.7%
Born in Asia 41.8%
Born in Europe 9.6%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 36.4%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 1.3%
Born in Oceania 0.3%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 9.6%
Northern Europe 2.3%
United Kingdom 1.7%
Ireland 0.2%
Other Northern Europe 0.3%
Western Europe 2.8%
France 0.6%
Germany 1.7%
Other Western Europe 0.5%
Southern Europe 1.1%
Italy 0.3%
Portugal 0.2%
Other Southern Europe 0.6%
Eastern Europe 3.3%
Poland 0.3%
Russia 0.8%
Other Eastern Europe 2.2%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.0%
Asia 41.8%
Eastern Asia 10.8%
China 4.8%
China, excluding Taiwan 4.1%
Taiwan 0.7%
Japan 0.9%
Korea 4.9%
Other Eastern Asia 0.2%
South Central Asia 15.8%
India 8.6%
Iran 1.3%
Other South Central Asia 5.9%
Southeastern Asia 11.7%
Philippines 5.5%
Vietnam 4.3%
Other Southeastern Asia 1.9%
Western Asia 3.4%
Israel 0.2%
Lebanon 0.3%
Other Western Asia 2.9%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.1%
Africa 10.7%
Eastern Africa 3.9%
Northern Africa 2.4%
Western Africa 3.1%
Middle and Southern Africa 0.9%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.4%
Oceania 0.3%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.2%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.1%
Americas 37.7%
Latin America 36.4%
Caribbean 3.4%
Cuba 0.6%
Jamaica 0.9%
Other Caribbean 1.8%
Central America 23.9%
Mexico 4.7%
El Salvador 11.7%
Other Central America 7.5%
South America 9.2%
Brazil 0.9%
Colombia 1.1%
Other South America 7.2%
Northern America 1.3%
Canada 1.2%
Other Northern America 0.1%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 24.9%
1980-1989 20.1%
1990-1999 28.4%
Since 2000 26.7%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 570,279
Born in Africa 42,509
Born in Asia 235,374
Born in Europe 86,612
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 189,809
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 13,160
Cat28 2,807
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 7.5%
Born in Asia 41.3%
Born in Europe 15.2%
Born in Latin America 33.3%
Born in Northern America 2.3%
Born in Oceania 0.5%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 299,626
Born in Africa 13,220
Born in Asia 134,526
Born in Europe 64,759
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 75,309
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 9,765
Cat21 2,047
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 4.4%
Born in Asia 44.9%
Born in Europe 21.6%
Born in Latin America 25.1%
Born in Northern America 3.3%
Born in Oceania 0.7%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 1,065,076
Naturalized citizens 573,998
Noncitizens 491,078
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 573,998
Before 1990 100,302
1990-1999 106,167
2000-2009 180,098
2010-2014 98,011
Since 2015 89,420
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 53.9%
Noncitizens 46.1%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 17.5%
1980-1989 18.5%
1990-1999 31.4%
2000-2009 17.1%
Since 2010 15.6%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 570,279
Naturalized citizens 232,767
Noncitizens 337,512
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 40.8%
Noncitizens 59.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 311,809
Naturalized citizens 125,653
Noncitizens 186,156
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 40.3%
Noncitizens 59.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 333,257
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 18,212
% married among women who gave birth
86.6%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
13.4%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 1,701,892
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 81,139
% married among women who gave birth 65.1%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 34.9%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3
Average family size 4
U.S. Born
Average household size 3
Average family size 3
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 1,770,747
Only native parent(s)
1,342,662
One or more foreign-born parents
428,085

Child is native

366,427

Child is foreign born

61,658
Children under age 6 with 578,988
Only native parent(s)
441,601
One or more foreign-born parents
137,387

Child is native

125,927

Child is foreign born

11,460
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 1,191,759
Only native parent(s)
901,061
One or more foreign-born parents
290,698

Child is native

240,500

Child is foreign born

50,198
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

530,276
Only native parents 385,979
One or more foreign-born parents 144,297
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 75.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 24.2%
Child is native 20.7%
Child is foreign born 3.5%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 76.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 23.7%
Child is native 21.7%
Child is foreign born 2.0%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 75.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 24.4%
Child is native 20.2%
Child is foreign born 4.2%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 72.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 27.2%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,652,809
Only native parent(s) 1,435,457
One or more foreign-born parents 217,352
Child is native 170,358
Child is foreign born 46,994
Children under age 6 with 535,315
Only native parent(s) 457,468
One or more foreign-born parents 77,847
Child is native 70,642
Child is foreign born 7,205
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 1,117,494
Only native parent(s) 977,989
One or more foreign-born parents 139,505
Child is native 99,716
Child is foreign born 39,789
Children in Low-Income Families* 505,017
Only native parents 439,775
One or more foreign-born parents 65,242
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 86.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 13.2%
Child is native 10.3%
Child is foreign born 2.8%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 85.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 14.5%
Child is native 13.2%
Child is foreign born 1.3%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 87.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 12.5%
Child is native 8.9%
Child is foreign born 3.6%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 87.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 12.9%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,443,150
Only native parent(s) 1,317,669
One or more foreign-born parents 125,481
Child is native 95,772
Child is foreign born 29,709
Children under age 6 with 511,476
Only native parent(s) 467,343
One or more foreign-born parents 44,133
Child is native 39,459
Child is foreign born 4,674
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 931,674
Only native parent(s) 850,326
One or more foreign-born parents 81,348
Child is native 56,313
Child is foreign born 25,035
Children in Low-Income Families* 466,167
Only native parents 431,436
One or more foreign-born parents 34,731
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 91.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 8.7%
Child is native 6.6%
Child is foreign born 2.1%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 91.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 8.6%
Child is native 7.7%
Child is foreign born 0.9%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 91.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 8.7%
Child is native 6.0%
Child is foreign born 2.7%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 92.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 7.5%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2018 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas, and Matthew Sobek. Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS) USA: Version 8.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2018. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V8.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.