E.g., 07/17/2019
E.g., 07/17/2019

State Demographics Data - VA

Virginia

Demographics & Social
2017
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 1,062,370
% Foreign Born 12.5%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2017 86.3%
% change: 1990-2000 82.9%
Race (%)  
One race 96.3%
White
38.3%
Black or African American
11.9%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.3%
Asian
35.4%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.1%
Other race
10.4%
Two or more races 3.7%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 344,016
% Latino 32.4%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.9%
5-17 5.8%
18-64 81.1%
65 and older 12.2%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

42.3
Gender (% female) 52.1%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 23.6%
Married 62.7%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 13.8%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 7,407,650
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 13.8%
% change: 1990-2000 10.8%
Race (%)  
One race 96.1%
White 71.7%
Black or African American 20.3%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.3%
Asian 2.3%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.0%
Other race 1.5%
Two or more races 3.9%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 446,646
% Latino 6.0%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 6.7%
5-17 17.6%
18-64 60.3%
65 and older 15.4%
Median Age 37.1
Gender (% female) 50.7%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 33.9%
Married 47.8%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 18.3%
Foreign Born
Number 570,279
% Foreign Born 8.1%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 6,508,236
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 311,809
% Foreign Born 5.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 5,875,549
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

1,062,370
Born in Africa 116,571
Born in Asia 453,133
Born in Europe 104,942
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 372,106
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 12,970
Born in Oceania 2,648
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1 El Salvador
Country #2 India
Country #3 Mexico
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

1,062,370
Europe 104,942
Northern Europe 24,675
United Kingdom
19,555
Ireland
1,540
Other Northern Europe
3,580
Western Europe 29,273
France
5,667
Germany
17,984
Other Western Europe
5,622
Southern Europe 10,689
Italy
5,212
Portugal
698
Other Southern Europe
4,779
Eastern Europe 40,305
Poland
4,751
Russia
10,594
Other Eastern Europe
24,960
Other Europe (no country specified) 0
Asia 453,133
Eastern Asia 123,147
China
54,480

China, excluding Taiwan

44,878

Taiwan

9,602
Japan
8,599
Korea
58,929
Other Eastern Asia
1,139
South Central Asia 183,845
India
91,018
Iran
15,102
Other South Central Asia
77,725
Southeastern Asia 107,752
Philippines
47,905
Vietnam
38,367
Other Southeastern Asia
21,480
Western Asia 36,785
Israel
2,346
Lebanon
3,473
Other Western Asia
30,966
Other Asia (no country specified) 1,604
Africa 116,571
Eastern Africa 50,403
Northern Africa
22,217
Western Africa
34,173
Middle and Southern Africa
8,373
Other Africa (no country specified)
1,405
Oceania 2,648
Australia and New Zealand subregion 2,074
Oceania (no country specified) 574
Americas 385,076
Latin America 372,106
Caribbean
36,746

Cuba

7,098

Jamaica

10,598

Other Caribbean

19,050
Central America
244,464

Mexico

51,182

El Salvador

118,009

Other Central America

75,273
South America
90,896

Brazil

5,218

Colombia

13,188

Other South America

72,490
Northern America 12,970
Canada
12,820
Other Northern America
150
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 265,453
1990-1999 225,770
2000-2009 310,808
Since 2010 260,339
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 11.0%
Born in Asia 42.7%
Born in Europe 9.9%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 35.0%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 1.2%
Born in Oceania 0.2%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 9.30%
Country #2 7.50%
Country #3 6.3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 9.9%
Northern Europe 2.3%
United Kingdom 1.8%
Ireland 0.1%
Other Northern Europe 0.3%
Western Europe 2.8%
France 0.5%
Germany 1.7%
Other Western Europe 0.5%
Southern Europe 1.0%
Italy 0.5%
Portugal 0.1%
Other Southern Europe 0.4%
Eastern Europe 3.8%
Poland 0.4%
Russia 1.0%
Other Eastern Europe 2.3%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.0%
Asia 42.7%
Eastern Asia 11.6%
China 5.1%
China, excluding Taiwan 4.2%
Taiwan 0.9%
Japan 0.8%
Korea 5.5%
Other Eastern Asia 0.1%
South Central Asia 17.3%
India 8.6%
Iran 1.4%
Other South Central Asia 7.3%
Southeastern Asia 10.1%
Philippines 4.5%
Vietnam 3.6%
Other Southeastern Asia 2.0%
Western Asia 3.5%
Israel 0.2%
Lebanon 0.3%
Other Western Asia 2.9%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.2%
Africa 11.0%
Eastern Africa 4.7%
Northern Africa 2.1%
Western Africa 3.2%
Middle and Southern Africa 0.8%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.1%
Oceania 0.2%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.2%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.1%
Americas 36.2%
Latin America 35.0%
Caribbean 3.5%
Cuba 0.7%
Jamaica 1.0%
Other Caribbean 1.8%
Central America 23.0%
Mexico 4.8%
El Salvador 11.1%
Other Central America 7.1%
South America 8.6%
Brazil 0.5%
Colombia 1.2%
Other South America 6.8%
Northern America 1.2%
Canada 1.2%
Other Northern America 0.0%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 25.0%
1980-1989 21.3%
1990-1999 29.3%
Since 2000 24.5%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 570,279
Born in Africa 42,509
Born in Asia 235,374
Born in Europe 86,612
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 189,809
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 13,160
Cat28 2,807
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 El Salvador
Country #2 Korea
Country #3 Philippines
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 7.5%
Born in Asia 41.3%
Born in Europe 15.2%
Born in Latin America 33.3%
Born in Northern America 2.3%
Born in Oceania 0.5%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 9.60%
Country #2 6.50%
Country #3 6.4
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 299,626
Born in Africa 13,220
Born in Asia 134,526
Born in Europe 64,759
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 75,309
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 9,765
Cat21 2,047
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 150
Country #2 Philippines
Country #3 El Salvador
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 4.4%
Born in Asia 44.9%
Born in Europe 21.6%
Born in Latin America 25.1%
Born in Northern America 3.3%
Born in Oceania 0.7%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 7.60%
Country #2 7.30%
Country #3 6.90%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 1,062,370
Naturalized citizens 554,602
Noncitizens 507,768
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 554,602
Before 1980 47,920
1980-1989 56,550
1990-1999 107,063
2000-2009 178,332
Since 2010 164,737
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 52.2%
Noncitizens 47.8%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 8.6%
1980-1989 10.2%
1990-1999 19.3%
2000-2009 32.2%
Since 2010 29.7%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 570,279
Naturalized citizens 232,767
Noncitizens 337,512
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 40.8%
Noncitizens 59.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 311,809
Naturalized citizens 125,653
Noncitizens 186,156
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 40.3%
Noncitizens 59.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 346,431
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 21,526
% married among women who gave birth
83.5%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
16.5%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 1,687,931
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 79,450
% married among women who gave birth 67.9%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 32.1%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2012-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3.32
Average family size 3.7
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.53
Average family size 3.11
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 1,776,740
Only native parent(s)
1,344,082
One or more foreign-born parents
432,658

Child is native

373,495

Child is foreign born

59,163
Children under age 6 with 581,876
Only native parent(s)
438,987
One or more foreign-born parents
142,889

Child is native

132,462

Child is foreign born

10,427
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 1,194,864
Only native parent(s)
905,095
One or more foreign-born parents
289,769

Child is native

241,033

Child is foreign born

48,736
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

543,552
Only native parents 394,429
One or more foreign-born parents 149,123
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 75.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 24.4%
Child is native 21.0%
Child is foreign born 3.3%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 75.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 24.6%
Child is native 22.8%
Child is foreign born 1.8%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 75.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 24.3%
Child is native 20.2%
Child is foreign born 4.1%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 72.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 27.4%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,652,809
Only native parent(s) 1,435,457
One or more foreign-born parents 217,352
Child is native 170,358
Child is foreign born 46,994
Children under age 6 with 535,315
Only native parent(s) 457,468
One or more foreign-born parents 77,847
Child is native 70,642
Child is foreign born 7,205
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 1,117,494
Only native parent(s) 977,989
One or more foreign-born parents 139,505
Child is native 99,716
Child is foreign born 39,789
Children in Low-Income Families* 505,017
Only native parents 439,775
One or more foreign-born parents 65,242
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 86.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 13.2%
Child is native 10.3%
Child is foreign born 2.8%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 85.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 14.5%
Child is native 13.2%
Child is foreign born 1.3%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 87.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 12.5%
Child is native 8.9%
Child is foreign born 3.6%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 87.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 12.9%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,443,150
Only native parent(s) 1,317,669
One or more foreign-born parents 125,481
Child is native 95,772
Child is foreign born 29,709
Children under age 6 with 511,476
Only native parent(s) 467,343
One or more foreign-born parents 44,133
Child is native 39,459
Child is foreign born 4,674
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 931,674
Only native parent(s) 850,326
One or more foreign-born parents 81,348
Child is native 56,313
Child is foreign born 25,035
Children in Low-Income Families* 466,167
Only native parents 431,436
One or more foreign-born parents 34,731
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 91.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 8.7%
Child is native 6.6%
Child is foreign born 2.1%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 91.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 8.6%
Child is native 7.7%
Child is foreign born 0.9%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 91.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 8.7%
Child is native 6.0%
Child is foreign born 2.7%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 92.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 7.5%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2017 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas, and Matthew Sobek. Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS) USA: Version 8.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2018. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V8.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.