E.g., 06/29/2024
E.g., 06/29/2024
The State of Global Mobility in the Aftermath of the COVID-19 Pandemic

The robust recovery of migration and travel following the COVID-19 pandemic-induced slowdown has vividly highlighted the resilience of human mobility. Yet even as cross-border movement has rebounded to pre-pandemic levels, it has also changed in notable ways.   

This report—a collaboration between the International Organization for Migration (IOM) and MPI—seeks to understand how the volume, composition, and distance of movements, as well as the terms under which people move, are changing in the aftermath of the pandemic. While existing data do not make it possible to sketch a full picture of mobility around the entire globe, this study brings together IOM flow monitoring data from different regions to examine the changing face of migration, both regular and irregular.

The report presents seven case studies that cover a wide range of migrant destinations: the strengthening of migration corridors to Gulf Cooperation Council countries; resurging intraregional mobility in Southern Africa; Latin America's shifting status as not just a source of emigrants but also a destination for migrants; and the rebound in irregular migration to Europe. These case studies also cover a diverse set of drivers, including growing climate shocks in East Africa and Pakistan, the Taliban takeover in Afghanistan, and the Russian invasion of Ukraine.

Table of Contents 

1  Introduction

2  COVID-19 and the Global Reopening in 2022

3  Reinvigorated and Diversifying Movement to the Arabian Peninsula

4  Growing Climate Mobility Challenges in East Africa and Pakistan

5  Short-Term Mobility, Crises, and Tensions in Southern Africa

6  Refugees from Ukraine and the Changing Face of Conflict-Related Displacement

7  Revived Irregular Migration to Europe

8  Changing Migration Patterns to, from, and within Afghanistan

9  Accelerating Crises and Mobility Transitions in the Americas

10  Conclusions