E.g., 01/18/2021
E.g., 01/18/2021

State Language Data - WV

West Virginia

Language & Education
2018
2000
1990
English Proficiency

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 27,282
Speak only English 32.7%
Speak English "very well" 41.4%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 26.0%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2018 54.2%
% change: 1990-2000 40.1%
English Proficiency of the Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status (age 5 and older)*

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English. Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.

 
Naturalized citizens 14,999
Speak only English 40.5%
Speak English "very well" 42.6%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 16.9%
Noncitizens 14,410
Speak only English 23.5%
Speak English "very well" 42.4%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 34.1%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 1,684,628
Speak only English 98.6%
Speak English ""very well"" 1.1%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.4%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 -30.2%
% change: 1990-2000 -12.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 19,105
Speak only English 34.2%
"Speak English ""very well"" 41.7%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 24.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 1,687,826
Speak only English 98.0%
"Speak English ""very well"" 1.4%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 15,789
Speak only English 40.1%
"Speak English ""very well"" 39.2%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 20.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 1,664,282
Speak only English 97.9%
"Speak English ""very well"" 1.5%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (by age and English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Ages 5-17 269,303
Speak only English 262,192
Speak language other than English 7,111
Speak English "very well"
5,576
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
1,535
Speak Spanish 3,742
Speak English "very well"
2,454
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
1,288
Ages 18-64 1,081,391
Speak only English 1,053,200
Speak language other than English 28,191
Speak English "very well"
19,401
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
8,790
Speak Spanish 12,557
Speak English "very well"
8,593
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
3,964
65 and Older 361,216
Speak only English 354,102
Speak language other than English 7,114
Speak English "very well"
4,107
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
3,007
Speak Spanish 2,127
Speak English "very well"
1,320
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
807
%
65 and Older 100%
Speak only English 97.4%
Speak language other than English 2.6%
Speak English "very well" 2.1%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.6%
Speak Spanish 1.4%
Speak English "very well" 0.9%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.5%
Ages 18-64 100%
Speak only English 97.4%
Speak language other than English 2.6%
Speak English "very well" 1.8%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.8%
Speak Spanish 1.2%
Speak English "very well" 0.8%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.4%
Ages 5-17 100%
Speak only English 98.0%
Speak language other than English 2.0%
Speak English "very well" 1.1%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.8%
Speak Spanish 0.6%
Speak English "very well" 0.4%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.2%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)

Note: 1) The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English. 2) Data for Alaska, Delaware, Hawaii, Idaho, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.

Number
Total Household Population, Age 5 and Older 1,729,763
Speak only English 1,686,899
Speak language other than English 42,864
Spanish 17,189
Speak English "very well" 11,371
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 5,818
French (Including Cajun) 2,194
Speak English "very well" 1,693
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 501
Haitian 265
Speak English "very well" 198
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 67
Italian 1,424
Speak English "very well" 1,102
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 322
Portuguese 245
Speak English "very well" 215
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 30
German 2,616
Speak English "very well" 2,106
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 510
Yiddish, Pennsylvania Dutch or Other West Germanic Languages 415
Speak English "very well" 341
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 74
Russian 398
Speak English "very well" 297
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 101
Polish 331
Speak English "very well" 331
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Other Slavic Languages 299
Speak English "very well" 294
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 5
Armenian 12
Speak English "very well" 12
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Persian (including Farsi, Dari) 761
Speak English "very well" 480
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 281
Gujarati 388
Speak English "very well" 338
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 50
Hindi 617
Speak English "very well" 478
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 139
Urdu 530
Speak English "very well" 405
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 125
Punjabi 10
Speak English "very well" 10
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Bengali 479
Speak English "very well" 479
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Nepali, Marathi, or Other Indic Languages 792
Speak English "very well" 601
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 191
Other Indo-European Languages 975
Speak English "very well" 783
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 192
Telugu 736
Speak English "very well" 693
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 43
Tamil 218
Speak English "very well" 98
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 120
Malayalam, Kannada, or Other Dravidian Languages 223
Speak English "very well" 196
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 27
Chinese (including Mandarin, Cantonese) 3,045
Speak English "very well" 1,463
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,582
Japanese 929
Speak English "very well" 660
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 269
Korean 423
Speak English "very well" 243
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 180
Hmong 24
Speak English "very well" 24
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Vietnamese 942
Speak English "very well" 501
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 441
Khmer 10
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 10
Thai, Lao, or Other Tai-Kadai Languages 172
Speak English "very well" 81
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 91
Other Languages of Asia 265
Speak English "very well" 219
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 46
Tagalog (including Filipino) 1,486
Speak English "very well" 1,161
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 325
Ilocano, Samoan, Hawaiian, or Other Austronesian Languages 404
Speak English "very well" 279
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 125
Arabic 2,373
Speak English "very well" 1,596
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 777
Hebrew 41
Speak English "very well" 41
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Amharic, Somali, or Other Afro-Asiatic Languages 358
Speak English "very well" 154
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 204
Yoruba, Twi, Igbo, or Other Languages of Western Africa 513
Speak English "very well" 504
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 9
Swahili or Other Languages of Central, Eastern, and Southern Africa 246
Speak English "very well" 190
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 56
Native Languages of North America 181
Speak English "very well" 157
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 24
Other and Unspecified Languages 335
Speak English "very well" 306
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 29
%
Field 306 100%
Field 307 97.5%
Field 308 2.5%
Field 310 100%
Field 310 66.2%
Field 310 33.8%
Field 313 100%
Field 314 77.2%
Field 315 22.8%
Field 316 100%
Field 316 74.7%
Field 316 25.3%
Field 319 100%
Field 319 77.4%
Field 319 22.6%
Field 322 100%
Field 322 87.8%
Field 322 12.2%
Field 325 100%
Field 325 80.5%
Field 325 19.5%
Field 328 100%
Field 328 82.2%
Field 328 17.8%
Field 331 100%
Field 331 74.6%
Field 331 25.4%
Field 334 100%
Field 334 100.0%
Field 334 N
Field 337 100%
Field 337 98.3%
Field 337 1.7%
Field 340 100%
Field 340 100.0%
Field 340 N
Field 343 100%
Field 343 63.1%
Field 343 36.9%
Field 346 100%
Field 346 87.1%
Field 346 12.9%
Field 349 100%
Field 349 77.5%
Field 349 22.5%
Field 352 100%
Field 352 76.4%
Field 352 23.6%
Field 355 100%
Field 355 100.0%
Field 355 N
Field 358 100%
Field 358 100.0%
Field 358 N
Field 361 100%
Field 361 75.9%
Field 361 24.1%
Field 364 100%
Field 364 80.3%
Field 364 19.7%
Field 367 100%
Field 367 94.2%
Field 367 5.8%
Field 370 100%
Field 370 45.0%
Field 370 55.0%
Field 373 100%
Field 373 87.9%
Field 373 12.1%
Field 376 100%
Field 376 48.0%
Field 376 52.0%
Field 379 100%
Field 379 71.0%
Field 379 29.0%
Field 382 100%
Field 382 57.4%
Field 382 42.6%
Field 385 100%
Field 385 100.0%
Field 385 N
Field 388 100%
Field 388 53.2%
Field 388 46.8%
Field 391 100%
Field 391 N
Field 391 100.0%
Field 394 100%
Field 394 47.1%
Field 394 52.9%
Field 397 100%
Field 397 82.6%
Field 397 17.4%
Field 400 100%
Field 400 78.1%
Field 400 21.9%
Field 403 100%
Field 403 69.1%
Field 403 30.9%
Field 406 100%
Field 406 67.3%
Field 406 32.7%
Field 409 100%
Field 409 100.0%
Field 409 N
Field 412 100%
Field 412 43.0%
Field 412 57.0%
Field 415 100%
Field 415 98.2%
Field 415 1.8%
Field 418 100%
Field 418 77.2%
Field 418 22.8%
Field 421 100%
Field 421 86.7%
Field 421 13.3%
Field 424 100%
Field 424 91.3%
Field 424 8.7%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Educational Attainment Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 22,764
Less than high school diploma 11.7%
High school diploma or GED 17.3%
Some college or associate's degree 28.7%
Bachelor's degree 20.2%
Graduate or professional degree 22.1%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 1.7%
Bachelor's degree or higher 3.5%
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2018 -24.6%
% change: 1990-2000 -5.2%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2018 44.5%
% change: 1990-2000 48.1%
Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status (foreign-born adults, age 25 and older)

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Naturalized citizens (%) 13,645
Less than high school diploma 10.9%
High school diploma or GED 21.6%
Some college or associate's degree 20.4%
Bachelor's degree 22.3%
Graduate or professional degree 24.8%
Noncitizens (%) 10,955
Less than high school diploma 14%
High school diploma or GED 20.6%
Some college or associate's degree 21.3%
Bachelor's degree 19.9%
Graduate or professional degree 24.2%
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 1,258,017
Less than high school diploma 12.2%
High school diploma or GED 40.1%
Some college or associate's degree 26.7%
Bachelor's degree 12.6%
Graduate or professional degree 8.3%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Nothing  
Nothing  
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2011 -48.8%
% change: 1990-2000 -23.5%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2011 50.1%
% change: 1990-2000 28.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 16,713
Less than high school diploma 21.1%
High school diploma or GED 20.8%
Some college or associate's degree 18.2%
Bachelor's degree 14.9%
Graduate or professional degree 25.0%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 1.2%
Bachelor's degree or higher 3.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 1,214,442
Less than high school diploma 24.8%
High school diploma or GED 39.9%
Some college or associate's degree 20.9%
Bachelor's degree 8.7%
Graduate or professional degree 5.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 13,144
Less than high school diploma 28.2%
High school diploma or GED 19.9%
Some college or associate's degree 17.6%
Bachelor's degree 13.0%
Graduate or professional degree 21.2%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 0.9%
Bachelor's degree or higher 3.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 1,153,246
Less than high school diploma 34.1%
High school diploma or GED 36.8%
Some college or associate's degree 17.3%
Bachelor's degree 7.4%
Graduate or professional degree 4.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2018 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas, and Matthew Sobek. Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS) USA: Version 8.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2018. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V8.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English “not at all,” “not well,” or “well” on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English “very well” are considered proficient in English.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “English proficiency of the foreign born by U.S. citizenship status” and “Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS. 
  • For “Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)”: Data for Alaska, Delaware, Hawaii, Idaho, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.