E.g., 04/19/2021
E.g., 04/19/2021
State Language Data - WV
 

West Virginia

Language & Education
2019
2000
1990
English Proficiency

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 28,561
Speak only English 28.6%
Speak English "very well" 44.5%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 26.9%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2019 67.0%
% change: 1990-2000 40.1%
English Proficiency of the Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status (age 5 and older)*

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English. Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.

 
Naturalized citizens 15,519
Speak only English 40.4%
Speak English "very well" 41.4%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 18.2%
Noncitizens 14,419
Speak only English 21.3%
Speak English "very well" 45%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 33.7%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 1,672,038
Speak only English 98.6%
Speak English ""very well"" 1.2%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.3%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 -47.3%
% change: 1990-2000 -12.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 19,105
Speak only English 34.2%
"Speak English ""very well"" 41.7%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 24.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 1,687,826
Speak only English 98.0%
"Speak English ""very well"" 1.4%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 15,789
Speak only English 40.1%
"Speak English ""very well"" 39.2%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 20.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 1,664,282
Speak only English 97.9%
"Speak English ""very well"" 1.5%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (by age and English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Ages 5-17 267,270
Speak only English 261,001
Speak language other than English 6,269
Speak English "very well"
4,384
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
1,885
Speak Spanish 3,302
Speak English "very well"
2,460
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
842
Ages 18-64 1,065,929
Speak only English 1,033,904
Speak language other than English 32,025
Speak English "very well"
23,274
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
8,751
Speak Spanish 12,649
Speak English "very well"
8,922
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
3,727
65 and Older 367,400
Speak only English 361,142
Speak language other than English 6,258
Speak English "very well"
4,503
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
1,755
Speak Spanish 1,299
Speak English "very well"
1,224
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
75
%
65 and Older 100%
Speak only English 97.7%
Speak language other than English 2.3%
Speak English "very well" 1.6%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.7%
Speak Spanish 1.2%
Speak English "very well" 0.9%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.3%
Ages 18-64 100%
Speak only English 97.0%
Speak language other than English 3.0%
Speak English "very well" 2.2%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.8%
Speak Spanish 1.2%
Speak English "very well" 0.8%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.3%
Ages 5-17 100%
Speak only English 98.3%
Speak language other than English 1.7%
Speak English "very well" 1.2%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.5%
Speak Spanish 0.4%
Speak English "very well" 0.3%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.0%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)

Note: 1) The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English. 2) Data for Alaska, Arkansas, District of Columbia, Hawaii, Idaho, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, New Hampshire, North Dakota, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.

Number
Total Household Population, Age 5 and Older 1,719,765
Speak only English 1,675,187
Speak language other than English 44,578
Spanish 18,195
Speak English "very well" 12,565
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 5,630
French (Including Cajun) 2,538
Speak English "very well" 2,058
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 480
Haitian 108
Speak English "very well" 71
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 37
Italian 1,339
Speak English "very well" 1,008
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 331
Portuguese 291
Speak English "very well" 255
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 36
German 2,534
Speak English "very well" 1,986
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 548
Yiddish, Pennsylvania Dutch or Other West Germanic Languages 493
Speak English "very well" 387
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 106
Russian 465
Speak English "very well" 322
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 143
Polish 334
Speak English "very well" 299
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 35
Other Slavic Languages 259
Speak English "very well" 255
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4
Armenian 11
Speak English "very well" 11
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Persian (including Farsi, Dari) 524
Speak English "very well" 324
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 200
Gujarati 365
Speak English "very well" 317
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 48
Hindi 634
Speak English "very well" 485
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 149
Urdu 521
Speak English "very well" 399
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 122
Punjabi 13
Speak English "very well" 13
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Bengali 490
Speak English "very well" 474
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 16
Nepali, Marathi, or Other Indic Languages 991
Speak English "very well" 701
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 290
Other Indo-European Languages 943
Speak English "very well" 716
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 227
Telugu 584
Speak English "very well" 488
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 96
Tamil 386
Speak English "very well" 269
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 117
Malayalam, Kannada, or Other Dravidian Languages 258
Speak English "very well" 236
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 22
Chinese (including Mandarin, Cantonese) 2,879
Speak English "very well" 1,447
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,432
Japanese 911
Speak English "very well" 667
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 244
Korean 470
Speak English "very well" 237
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 233
Hmong 22
Speak English "very well" 22
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Vietnamese 1,029
Speak English "very well" 522
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 507
Khmer 8
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 8
Thai, Lao, or Other Tai-Kadai Languages 164
Speak English "very well" 104
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 60
Other Languages of Asia 314
Speak English "very well" 268
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 46
Tagalog (including Filipino) 1,474
Speak English "very well" 1,144
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 330
Ilocano, Samoan, Hawaiian, or Other Austronesian Languages 550
Speak English "very well" 364
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 186
Arabic 2,584
Speak English "very well" 1,736
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 848
Hebrew 50
Speak English "very well" 50
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Amharic, Somali, or Other Afro-Asiatic Languages 250
Speak English "very well" 56
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 194
Yoruba, Twi, Igbo, or Other Languages of Western Africa 562
Speak English "very well" 553
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 9
Swahili or Other Languages of Central, Eastern, and Southern Africa 425
Speak English "very well" 325
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 100
Native Languages of North America 179
Speak English "very well" 179
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Other and Unspecified Languages 431
Speak English "very well" 386
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 45
%
Field 306 100%
Field 307 97.4%
Field 308 2.6%
Field 310 100%
Field 310 69.1%
Field 310 30.9%
Field 313 100%
Field 314 81.1%
Field 315 18.9%
Field 316 100%
Field 316 65.7%
Field 316 34.3%
Field 319 100%
Field 319 75.3%
Field 319 24.7%
Field 322 100%
Field 322 87.6%
Field 322 12.4%
Field 325 100%
Field 325 78.4%
Field 325 21.6%
Field 328 100%
Field 328 78.5%
Field 328 21.5%
Field 331 100%
Field 331 69.2%
Field 331 30.8%
Field 334 100%
Field 334 89.5%
Field 334 10.5%
Field 337 100%
Field 337 98.5%
Field 337 1.5%
Field 340 100%
Field 340 100.0%
Field 340 N
Field 343 100%
Field 343 61.8%
Field 343 38.2%
Field 346 100%
Field 346 86.8%
Field 346 13.2%
Field 349 100%
Field 349 76.5%
Field 349 23.5%
Field 352 100%
Field 352 76.6%
Field 352 23.4%
Field 355 100%
Field 355 100.0%
Field 355 N
Field 358 100%
Field 358 96.7%
Field 358 3.3%
Field 361 100%
Field 361 70.7%
Field 361 29.3%
Field 364 100%
Field 364 75.9%
Field 364 24.1%
Field 367 100%
Field 367 83.6%
Field 367 16.4%
Field 370 100%
Field 370 69.7%
Field 370 30.3%
Field 373 100%
Field 373 91.5%
Field 373 8.5%
Field 376 100%
Field 376 50.3%
Field 376 49.7%
Field 379 100%
Field 379 73.2%
Field 379 26.8%
Field 382 100%
Field 382 50.4%
Field 382 49.6%
Field 385 100%
Field 385 100.0%
Field 385 N
Field 388 100%
Field 388 50.7%
Field 388 49.3%
Field 391 100%
Field 391 N
Field 391 100.0%
Field 394 100%
Field 394 63.4%
Field 394 36.6%
Field 397 100%
Field 397 85.4%
Field 397 14.6%
Field 400 100%
Field 400 77.6%
Field 400 22.4%
Field 403 100%
Field 403 66.2%
Field 403 33.8%
Field 406 100%
Field 406 67.2%
Field 406 32.8%
Field 409 100%
Field 409 100.0%
Field 409 N
Field 412 100%
Field 412 22.4%
Field 412 77.6%
Field 415 100%
Field 415 98.4%
Field 415 1.6%
Field 418 100%
Field 418 76.5%
Field 418 23.5%
Field 421 100%
Field 421 100.0%
Field 421 N
Field 424 100%
Field 424 89.6%
Field 424 10.4%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Educational Attainment Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 23,975
Less than high school diploma 16.1%
High school diploma or GED 21.1%
Some college or associate's degree 17.9%
Bachelor's degree 19.1%
Graduate or professional degree 25.9%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 2.3%
Bachelor's degree or higher 4.0%
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2019 9.3%
% change: 1990-2000 -5.2%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2019 61.7%
% change: 1990-2000 48.1%
Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status (foreign-born adults, age 25 and older)

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Naturalized citizens (%) 14,175
Less than high school diploma 11.2%
High school diploma or GED 19.9%
Some college or associate's degree 21.4%
Bachelor's degree 22.9%
Graduate or professional degree 24.4%
Noncitizens (%) 11,103
Less than high school diploma 16%
High school diploma or GED 21%
Some college or associate's degree 21.1%
Bachelor's degree 16.4%
Graduate or professional degree 25.5%
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 1,257,111
Less than high school diploma 12.8%
High school diploma or GED 40.6%
Some college or associate's degree 26.0%
Bachelor's degree 12.5%
Graduate or professional degree 8.1%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Nothing  
Nothing  
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2011 -46.5%
% change: 1990-2000 -23.5%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2011 47.5%
% change: 1990-2000 28.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 16,713
Less than high school diploma 21.1%
High school diploma or GED 20.8%
Some college or associate's degree 18.2%
Bachelor's degree 14.9%
Graduate or professional degree 25.0%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 1.2%
Bachelor's degree or higher 3.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 1,214,442
Less than high school diploma 24.8%
High school diploma or GED 39.9%
Some college or associate's degree 20.9%
Bachelor's degree 8.7%
Graduate or professional degree 5.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 13,144
Less than high school diploma 28.2%
High school diploma or GED 19.9%
Some college or associate's degree 17.6%
Bachelor's degree 13.0%
Graduate or professional degree 21.2%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 0.9%
Bachelor's degree or higher 3.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 1,153,246
Less than high school diploma 34.1%
High school diploma or GED 36.8%
Some college or associate's degree 17.3%
Bachelor's degree 7.4%
Graduate or professional degree 4.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2019 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas and Matthew Sobek. IPUMS USA: Version 10.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2020. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V10.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English “not at all,” “not well,” or “well” on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English “very well” are considered proficient in English.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “English proficiency of the foreign born by U.S. citizenship status” and “Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS. 
  • For “Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)”: Data for Alaska, Arkansas, District of Columbia, Hawaii, Idaho, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, New Hampshire, North Dakota, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.