E.g., 04/20/2024
E.g., 04/20/2024
State Language Data - WV
 

West Virginia

Language & Education
2022
2000
1990
English Proficiency

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 32,193
Speak only English 33.1%
Speak English "very well" 41.8%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 25.1%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2022 75.8%
% change: 1990-2000 40.1%
English Proficiency of the Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status (age 5 and older)*

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English. Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2018-2022 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2022 ACS.

 
Naturalized citizens 15,993
Speak only English 35.7%
Speak English "very well" 46.9%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 17.4%
Noncitizens 12,750
Speak only English 25.2%
Speak English "very well" 40.5%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 34.3%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 1,655,494
Speak only English 98.7%
Speak English ""very well"" 1.0%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.3%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 -44.0%
% change: 1990-2000 -12.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 19,105
Speak only English 34.2%
"Speak English ""very well"" 41.7%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 24.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 1,687,826
Speak only English 98.0%
"Speak English ""very well"" 1.4%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 15,789
Speak only English 40.1%
"Speak English ""very well"" 39.2%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 20.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 1,664,282
Speak only English 97.9%
"Speak English ""very well"" 1.5%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (by age and English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Ages 5-17 264,074
Speak only English 258,478
Speak language other than English 5,596
Speak English "very well"
3,680
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
1,916
Speak Spanish 3,284
Speak English "very well"
2,329
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
955
Ages 18-64 1,047,451
Speak only English 1,016,293
Speak language other than English 31,158
Speak English "very well"
22,677
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
8,481
Speak Spanish 15,287
Speak English "very well"
10,625
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
4,662
65 and Older 376,162
Speak only English 370,035
Speak language other than English 6,127
Speak English "very well"
3,430
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
2,697
Speak Spanish 1,571
Speak English "very well"
742
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
829
%
65 and Older 100%
Speak only English 97.9%
Speak language other than English 2.1%
Speak English "very well" 1.4%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.7%
Speak Spanish 1.2%
Speak English "very well" 0.9%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.4%
Ages 18-64 100%
Speak only English 97.0%
Speak language other than English 3.0%
Speak English "very well" 2.2%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.8%
Speak Spanish 1.5%
Speak English "very well" 1.0%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.4%
Ages 5-17 100%
Speak only English 98.4%
Speak language other than English 1.6%
Speak English "very well" 0.9%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.7%
Speak Spanish 0.4%
Speak English "very well" 0.2%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.2%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)

Note: 1) The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English. 2) Data for Alaska, Arkansas, District of Columbia, Hawaii, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2018-2022 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2022 ACS.

Number
Total Household Population, Age 5 and Older 1,702,587
Speak only English 1,659,873
Speak language other than English 42,714
Spanish 17,831
Speak English "very well" 13,339
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,492
French (Including Cajun) 2,032
Speak English "very well" 1,686
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 346
Haitian 60
Speak English "very well" 20
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 40
Italian 1,419
Speak English "very well" 1,115
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 304
Portuguese 642
Speak English "very well" 519
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 123
German 2,037
Speak English "very well" 1,633
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 404
Yiddish, Pennsylvania Dutch or Other West Germanic Languages 790
Speak English "very well" 591
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 199
Russian 602
Speak English "very well" 383
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 219
Polish 138
Speak English "very well" 91
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 47
Other Slavic Languages 340
Speak English "very well" 313
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 27
Armenian 18
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 18
Persian (including Farsi, Dari) 163
Speak English "very well" 64
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 99
Gujarati 371
Speak English "very well" 239
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 132
Hindi 1,000
Speak English "very well" 826
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 174
Urdu 434
Speak English "very well" 365
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 69
Punjabi 12
Speak English "very well" 12
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Bengali 305
Speak English "very well" 289
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 16
Nepali, Marathi, or Other Indic Languages 687
Speak English "very well" 463
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 224
Other Indo-European Languages 973
Speak English "very well" 799
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 174
Telugu 172
Speak English "very well" 128
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 44
Tamil 292
Speak English "very well" 235
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 57
Malayalam, Kannada, or Other Dravidian Languages 41
Speak English "very well" 41
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Chinese (including Mandarin, Cantonese) 2,289
Speak English "very well" 1,169
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,120
Japanese 944
Speak English "very well" 690
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 254
Korean 740
Speak English "very well" 371
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 369
Hmong N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Vietnamese 1,142
Speak English "very well" 459
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 683
Khmer 21
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 21
Thai, Lao, or Other Tai-Kadai Languages 234
Speak English "very well" 162
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 72
Other Languages of Asia 333
Speak English "very well" 136
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 197
Tagalog (including Filipino) 1,258
Speak English "very well" 1,053
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 205
Ilocano, Samoan, Hawaiian, or Other Austronesian Languages 338
Speak English "very well" 270
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 68
Arabic 3,226
Speak English "very well" 2,195
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,031
Hebrew 19
Speak English "very well" 19
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Amharic, Somali, or Other Afro-Asiatic Languages 210
Speak English "very well" 168
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 42
Yoruba, Twi, Igbo, or Other Languages of Western Africa 644
Speak English "very well" 616
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 28
Swahili or Other Languages of Central, Eastern, and Southern Africa 337
Speak English "very well" 312
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 25
Native Languages of North America 109
Speak English "very well" 101
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 8
Other and Unspecified Languages 511
Speak English "very well" 476
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 35
%
Field 306 100%
Field 307 97.5%
Field 308 2.5%
Field 310 100%
Field 310 74.8%
Field 310 25.2%
Field 313 100%
Field 314 83.0%
Field 315 17.0%
Field 316 100%
Field 316 33.3%
Field 316 66.7%
Field 319 100%
Field 319 78.6%
Field 319 21.4%
Field 322 100%
Field 322 80.8%
Field 322 19.2%
Field 325 100%
Field 325 80.2%
Field 325 19.8%
Field 328 100%
Field 328 74.8%
Field 328 25.2%
Field 331 100%
Field 331 63.6%
Field 331 36.4%
Field 334 100%
Field 334 65.9%
Field 334 34.1%
Field 337 100%
Field 337 92.1%
Field 337 7.9%
Field 340 100%
Field 340 N
Field 340 100.0%
Field 343 100%
Field 343 39.3%
Field 343 60.7%
Field 346 100%
Field 346 64.4%
Field 346 35.6%
Field 349 100%
Field 349 82.6%
Field 349 17.4%
Field 352 100%
Field 352 84.1%
Field 352 15.9%
Field 355 100%
Field 355 100.0%
Field 355 N
Field 358 100%
Field 358 94.8%
Field 358 5.2%
Field 361 100%
Field 361 67.4%
Field 361 32.6%
Field 364 100%
Field 364 82.1%
Field 364 17.9%
Field 367 100%
Field 367 74.4%
Field 367 25.6%
Field 370 100%
Field 370 80.5%
Field 370 19.5%
Field 373 100%
Field 373 100.0%
Field 373 N
Field 376 100%
Field 376 51.1%
Field 376 48.9%
Field 379 100%
Field 379 73.1%
Field 379 26.9%
Field 382 100%
Field 382 50.1%
Field 382 49.9%
Field 385 100%
Field 385 N
Field 385 N
Field 388 100%
Field 388 40.2%
Field 388 59.8%
Field 391 100%
Field 391 N
Field 391 100.0%
Field 394 100%
Field 394 69.2%
Field 394 30.8%
Field 397 100%
Field 397 40.8%
Field 397 59.2%
Field 400 100%
Field 400 83.7%
Field 400 16.3%
Field 403 100%
Field 403 79.9%
Field 403 20.1%
Field 406 100%
Field 406 68.0%
Field 406 32.0%
Field 409 100%
Field 409 100.0%
Field 409 N
Field 412 100%
Field 412 80.0%
Field 412 20.0%
Field 415 100%
Field 415 95.7%
Field 415 4.3%
Field 418 100%
Field 418 92.6%
Field 418 7.4%
Field 421 100%
Field 421 92.7%
Field 421 7.3%
Field 424 100%
Field 424 93.2%
Field 424 6.8%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Educational Attainment Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 28,011
Less than high school diploma 13.8%
High school diploma or GED 18.3%
Some college or associate's degree 22.4%
Bachelor's degree 21.3%
Graduate or professional degree 24.2%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 2.8%
Bachelor's degree or higher 4.1%
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2022 9.8%
% change: 1990-2000 -5.2%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2022 91.3%
% change: 1990-2000 48.1%
Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status (foreign-born adults, age 25 and older)

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2018-2022 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2022 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Naturalized citizens (%) 14,670
Less than high school diploma 9.6%
High school diploma or GED 21.7%
Some college or associate's degree 21.8%
Bachelor's degree 21.9%
Graduate or professional degree 25%
Noncitizens (%) 10,039
Less than high school diploma 17.2%
High school diploma or GED 17.3%
Some college or associate's degree 21.3%
Bachelor's degree 17.2%
Graduate or professional degree 27%
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 1,234,555
Less than high school diploma 10.8%
High school diploma or GED 38.8%
Some college or associate's degree 26.1%
Bachelor's degree 14.8%
Graduate or professional degree 9.5%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Nothing  
Nothing  
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2011 -55.7%
% change: 1990-2000 -23.5%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2011 71.1%
% change: 1990-2000 28.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 16,713
Less than high school diploma 21.1%
High school diploma or GED 20.8%
Some college or associate's degree 18.2%
Bachelor's degree 14.9%
Graduate or professional degree 25.0%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 1.2%
Bachelor's degree or higher 3.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 1,214,442
Less than high school diploma 24.8%
High school diploma or GED 39.9%
Some college or associate's degree 20.9%
Bachelor's degree 8.7%
Graduate or professional degree 5.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 13,144
Less than high school diploma 28.2%
High school diploma or GED 19.9%
Some college or associate's degree 17.6%
Bachelor's degree 13.0%
Graduate or professional degree 21.2%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 0.9%
Bachelor's degree or higher 3.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 1,153,246
Less than high school diploma 34.1%
High school diploma or GED 36.8%
Some college or associate's degree 17.3%
Bachelor's degree 7.4%
Graduate or professional degree 4.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2022 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, click here. For ACS methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Matthew Sobek, Daniel Backman, Annie Chen, Grace Cooper, Stephanie Richards, Renae Rogers, and Megan Schouweiler. IPUMS USA: Version 14.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2023. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V14.0​.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English “not at all,” “not well,” or “well” on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English “very well” are considered proficient in English.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “English proficiency of the foreign born by U.S. citizenship status” and “Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2018-2022 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2022 ACS. 
  • For “Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)”: Data for Alaska, Arkansas, District of Columbia, Hawaii, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2018-2022 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2022 ACS.