E.g., 09/20/2021
E.g., 09/20/2021
State Income Data - WV
 

West Virginia

Income & Poverty
2019
2000
1990
Poverty

Note: Poverty status is not determined for unrelated individuals under the age of 15 (such as foster children) or for persons lacking conventional housing.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%)

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.

28,394
Below 100% of the poverty level 19.5%
100-199% of the poverty level 14.7%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 65.8%
People in Poverty: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2019 44.7%
% change: 1990-2000 98.9%
% Families in Poverty by Family Type

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.

 
All families (among those for whom poverty status is determined) 13.9%
With related children under age 18
18.4%
With related children under age 5
22.0%
Married-couple families 8.8%
With related children under age 18
9.0%
With related children under age 5
11.8%
Families with female householder, no husband present 39.7%
With related children under age 18
53.2%
With related children under age 5
76.8%
Poverty by U.S. Citizenship Status (among the foreign born)  
Naturalized citizens 15,089
Below 100% of the poverty level
9.6%
100-199% of the poverty level
13.1%
At or above 200% of the poverty level
77.3%
Noncitizens 13,305
Below 100% of the poverty level
30.7%
100-199% of the poverty level
16.6%
At or above 200% of the poverty level
52.7%
Foreign Born Living in Poverty by Region of Birth

Note: The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Born in Africa N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N
Born in Asia N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N
Born in Europe N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N
Born in Oceania N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 1,737,321
Below 100% of the poverty level 17.5%
100-199% of the poverty level 20.8%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 61.7%
People in Poverty: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 -2.3%
% change: 1990-2000 -8.8%
% Families in Poverty by Family Type  
All families (among those for whom poverty status is determined) 12.7%
With related children under age 18
21.0%
With related children under age 5
25.2%
Married-couple families 6.7%
With related children under age 18
9.7%
With related children under age 5
8.5%
Families with female householder, no husband present 35.1%
With related children under age 18
47.0%
With related children under age 5
59.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 20,036
Below 100% of the poverty level 19.1%
100-199% of the poverty level 18.4%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 62.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 1,748,667
Below 100% of the poverty level 17.8%
100-199% of the poverty level 22.3%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 59.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 15,034
Below 100% of the poverty level 12.8%
100-199% of the poverty level 19.5%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 67.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 1,732,969
Below 100% of the poverty level 19.7%
100-199% of the poverty level 23.8%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 56.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Poverty by Language Spoken at Home Number
Household population (among those for whom poverty status is determined, age 5 and older) 1,651,319
Below 100% of the poverty level 258,771
Speaks only English
1,608,978
Below 100% of the poverty level 250,569
Speaks Spanish
16,056
Below 100% of the poverty level 2,757
Speaks other Indo-European languages
12,545
Below 100% of the poverty level 1,688
Speaks Asian or Pacific Island languages
8,805
Below 100% of the poverty level 1,372
Speaks other languages
4,935
Below 100% of the poverty level 2,385
%
Household population (among those for whom poverty status is determined, age 5 and older) 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 15.7%
Speaks only English 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 15.6%
Speaks only Spanish 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 17.2%
Speaks other Indo-European languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 13.5%
Speaks Asian or Pacific Island languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 15.6%
Speaks other languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 48.3%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Earnings

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.

Foreign Born
Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older). Earnings in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) 11,186
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss 1.5%
Earned $10,000-$14,999 3.0%
Earned $15,000-$24,999 15.2%
Earned $25,000-$34,999 16.5%
Earned $35,000-$49,999 16.9%
Earned $50,000-$74,999 20.7%
Earned $75,000 or more 26.2%
Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) Earnings in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) by U.S. Citizenship  
Naturalized citizens (%) 6,618
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss
0.6%
Earned $10,000-$14,999
2.5%
Earned $15,000-$24,999
12.3%
Earned $25,000-$34,999
13.3%
Earned $35,000-$49,999
17.3%
Earned $50,000-$74,999
21.6%
Earned $75,000 or more
32.5%
Noncitizens (%) 4,568
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss
2.8%
Earned $10,000-$14,999
3.8%
Earned $15,000-$24,999
19.5%
Earned $25,000-$34,999
21.1%
Earned $35,000-$49,999
16.4%
Earned $50,000-$74,999
19.3%
Earned $75,000 or more
17.1%
Median Earnings of Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars by Gender Foreign Born
Male $53,125
Female $42,061
Median Earnings of Foreign-Born Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars by U.S. Citizenship Status and Gender  
Naturalized citizens  
Male
$63,098
Female
$45,196
Noncitizens  
Male
$41,684
Female
$32,214
U.S. Born
Earnings of Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) 522,916
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss 1.7%
Earned $10,000-$14,999 3.6%
Earned $15,000-$24,999 15.6%
Earned $25,000-$34,999 19.0%
Earned $35,000-$49,999 20.5%
Earned $50,000-$74,999 20.7%
Earned $75,000 or more 18.8%
Nothing 1  
Nothing 2  
Nothing 3  
Nothing 4  
Nothing 5  
Nothing 6  
Nothing 7  
Nothing 8  
Nothing 9  
Nothing 10  
Nothing 11  
Nothing 12  
Nothing 13  
Nothing 14  
Nothing 15  
Nothing 16  
Nothing 17  
Native Born Native Born
Male $48,357
Female $34,729
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Median Household Income

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.

Foreign Born
Median Household Income $53,858
Median Household Income by U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized citizens $67,607
Noncitizens $39,624
U.S. Born
Median Household Income $46,580
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
Home Ownership Rate

Note: 1) Refers to the percentage owner households represent among all occupied households. 2) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS. 3) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Home Ownership Rate 57.1%
Home Ownership Rate by Householder's U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized citizens 74.4%
Noncitizens 32.6%
U.S. Born
Home Ownership Rate 73.5%
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
Health Insurance Coverage

Note: Since some people may hold both private and public health insurance coverage at the same time, estimates of those with private health insurance and those with public coverage may overlap. Their sum therefore may be greater than the total number of people with health insurance.

Foreign Born
Civilian noninstitutionalized population (%) 28,277
With health insurance 86.8%
With private health insurance
73.9%
With public coverage
25.0%
No health insurance coverage 13.2%
Health Insurance Coverage by U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized Citizens (%) 14,530
With health insurance 96.6%
With private health insurance
81.1%
With public coverage
35.1%
No health insurance coverage 3.4%
Noncitizens (%) 13,747
With health insurance 76.4%
With private health insurance
66.2%
With public coverage
14.4%
No health insurance coverage 23.6%
U.S. Born
Civilian noninstitutionalized population (%) 1,733,775
With health insurance 93.4%
With private health insurance
62.4%
With public coverage
47.9%
No health insurance coverage 6.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2019 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas and Matthew Sobek. IPUMS USA: Version 10.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2020. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V10.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • Poverty status is not determined for unrelated individuals under the age of 15 (such as foster children) or for persons lacking conventional housing. 
  • The term “home ownership rate” refers to the percentage owner households represent among all occupied households.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Poverty,” “Earnings,” “Median Household Income,” and “Home Ownership Rate”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.
  • In the “% Families in Poverty by Family Type” section, “related children” refer to “related children of the householder.”
  • “Health Insurance Coverage”: Private coverage includes employer- or union-provided insurance, insurance purchased directly, and TRICARE (the health program of the U.S. military) or other military health care. Public coverage includes Medicare, Medicaid, or another governmental medical assistance program, and Veterans Administration health care. Individuals can be covered by more than one type of insurance, and they can be covered by both private and public insurers. Since some people may hold both private and public health insurance coverage at the same time, estimates of those with private health insurance and those with public coverage may overlap. Their sum therefore may be greater than the total number of people with health insurance.