E.g., 07/26/2021
E.g., 07/26/2021
State Demographics Data - WV
 

West Virginia

Demographics & Social
2019
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 28,748
% Foreign Born 1.6%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2019 48.3%
% change: 1990-2000 23.4%
Race (%)  
One race 94.5%
White
41.7%
Black or African American
10.5%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.0%
Asian
36.0%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.0%
Other race
6.3%
Two or more races 5.5%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 5,239
% Latino 18.2%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.7%
5-17 3.3%
18-64 77.9%
65 and older 18.1%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau’s pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

43
Gender (% female) 56.3%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 24.1%
Married 60.7%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 15.1%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 1,763,399
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 -1.4%
% change: 1990-2000 0.6%
Race (%)  
One race 98.0%
White 93.9%
Black or African American 3.6%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.0%
Asian 0.2%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.0%
Other race 0.3%
Two or more races 1.7%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 21,584
% Latino 1.2%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 5.2%
5-17 15.1%
18-64 59.2%
65 and older 20.5%
Median Age 42.5
Gender (% female) 50.5%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 27.8%
Married 49.8%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 22.3%
Foreign Born
Number 19,390
% Foreign Born 1.1%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 1,788,954
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 15,712
% Foreign Born 0.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 1,777,765
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

28,748
Born in Africa 2,268
Born in Asia 13,410
Born in Europe 4,988
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 7,289
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 540
Born in Oceania 253
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

 
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

28,748
Europe 4,988
Northern Europe 1,045
United Kingdom
1,035
Ireland
10
Other Northern Europe
N
Western Europe 2,136
France
238
Germany
1,435
Other Western Europe
463
Southern Europe 785
Italy
376
Portugal
159
Other Southern Europe
250
Eastern Europe 1,022
Poland
58
Russia
439
Other Eastern Europe
525
Other Europe (no country specified) N
Asia 13,410
Eastern Asia 4,185
China
2,760

China, excluding Taiwan

2,337

Taiwan

423
Japan
243
Korea
1,182
Other Eastern Asia
N
South Central Asia 3,939
India
2,254
Iran
78
Other South Central Asia
1,607
Southeastern Asia 3,062
Philippines
2,012
Vietnam
529
Other Southeastern Asia
521
Western Asia 1,961
Israel
51
Lebanon
314
Other Western Asia
1,596
Other Asia (no country specified) 263
Africa 2,268
Eastern Africa 389
Northern Africa
738
Western Africa
835
Middle and Southern Africa
306
Other Africa (no country specified)
N
Oceania 253
Australia and New Zealand subregion 253
Oceania (no country specified) N
Americas 7,829
Latin America 7,289
Caribbean
2,391

Cuba

244

Jamaica

941

Other Caribbean

1,206
Central America
3,155

Mexico

898

El Salvador

891

Other Central America

1,366
South America
1,743

Brazil

60

Colombia

408

Other South America

1,275
Northern America 540
Canada
540
Other Northern America
N
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 7,878
1990-1999 5,260
2000-2009 5,183
Since 2010 10,427
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 7.9%
Born in Asia 46.6%
Born in Europe 17.4%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 25.4%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 1.9%
Born in Oceania 0.9%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 17.4%
Northern Europe 3.6%
United Kingdom 3.6%
Ireland N
Other Northern Europe N
Western Europe 7.4%
France 0.8%
Germany 5.0%
Other Western Europe 1.6%
Southern Europe 2.7%
Italy 1.3%
Portugal 0.6%
Other Southern Europe 0.9%
Eastern Europe 3.6%
Poland 0.2%
Russia 1.5%
Other Eastern Europe 1.8%
Other Europe (no country specified) N
Asia 46.6%
Eastern Asia 14.6%
China 9.6%
China, excluding Taiwan 8.1%
Taiwan 1.5%
Japan 0.8%
Korea 4.1%
Other Eastern Asia N
South Central Asia 13.7%
India 7.8%
Iran 0.3%
Other South Central Asia 5.6%
Southeastern Asia 10.7%
Philippines 7.0%
Vietnam 1.8%
Other Southeastern Asia 1.8%
Western Asia 6.8%
Israel 0.2%
Lebanon 1.1%
Other Western Asia 5.6%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.9%
Africa 7.9%
Eastern Africa 1.4%
Northern Africa 2.6%
Western Africa 2.9%
Middle and Southern Africa 1.1%
Other Africa (no country specified) N
Oceania 0.9%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.9%
Oceania (no country specified) N
Americas 27.2%
Latin America 25.4%
Caribbean 8.3%
Cuba 0.8%
Jamaica 3.3%
Other Caribbean 4.2%
Central America 11.0%
Mexico 3.1%
El Salvador 3.1%
Other Central America 4.8%
South America 6.1%
Brazil 0.2%
Colombia 1.4%
Other South America 4.4%
Northern America 1.9%
Canada 1.9%
Other Northern America N
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 27.4%
1980-1989 18.3%
1990-1999 18.0%
Since 2000 36.3%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 19,390
Born in Africa 664
Born in Asia 8,385
Born in Europe 6,694
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 2,411
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 1,078
Cat28 158
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 3.4%
Born in Asia 43.2%
Born in Europe 34.5%
Born in Latin America 12.4%
Born in Northern America 5.6%
Born in Oceania 0.8%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 15,317
Born in Africa 489
Born in Asia 5,581
Born in Europe 7,014
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 1,201
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 952
Cat21 80
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 3.2%
Born in Asia 36.4%
Born in Europe 45.8%
Born in Latin America 7.8%
Born in Northern America 6.2%
Born in Oceania 0.5%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 28,748
Naturalized citizens 14,764
Noncitizens 13,984
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 14,764
Before 1990 3,511
1990-1999 2,316
2000-2009 3,846
2010-2014 2,026
Since 2015 3,065
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 51.4%
Noncitizens 48.6%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 23.8%
1980-1989 15.7%
1990-1999 26.0%
2000-2009 13.7%
Since 2010 20.8%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 19,390
Naturalized citizens 10,446
Noncitizens 8,944
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 53.9%
Noncitizens 46.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 15,712
Naturalized citizens 9,276
Noncitizens 6,436
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 59.0%
Noncitizens 41.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 9,234
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 583
% married among women who gave birth
94.9%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
5.1%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 375,398
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 20,692
% married among women who gave birth 57.4%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 42.6%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S Census Bureau’s pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 2.58
Average family size 3.15
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.41
Average family size 2.97
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau has excluded children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 321,593
Only native parent(s)
312,820
One or more foreign-born parents
8,773

Child is native

8,277

Child is foreign born

496
Children under age 6 with 101,267
Only native parent(s)
97,912
One or more foreign-born parents
3,355

Child is native

3,146

Child is foreign born

209
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 220,326
Only native parent(s)
214,908
One or more foreign-born parents
5,418

Child is native

5,131

Child is foreign born

287
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau has excluded children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

145,721
Only native parents 141,990
One or more foreign-born parents 3,731
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 97.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.7%
Child is native 2.6%
Child is foreign born 0.2%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 96.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 3.3%
Child is native 3.1%
Child is foreign born 0.2%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 97.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.5%
Child is native 2.3%
Child is foreign born 0.1%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 97.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.6%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 388,508
Only native parent(s) 380,587
One or more foreign-born parents 7,921
Child is native 7,270
Child is foreign born 651
Children under age 6 with 121,232
Only native parent(s) 118,457
One or more foreign-born parents 2,775
Child is native 2,699
Child is foreign born 76
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 267,276
Only native parent(s) 262,130
One or more foreign-born parents 5,146
Child is native 4,571
Child is foreign born 575
Children in Low-Income Families* 191,833
Only native parents 188,758
One or more foreign-born parents 3,075
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 98.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.0%
Child is native 1.9%
Child is foreign born 0.2%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 97.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.3%
Child is native 2.2%
Child is foreign born 0.1%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 98.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 1.9%
Child is native 1.7%
Child is foreign born 0.2%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 98.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 1.6%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 429,174
Only native parent(s) 421,807
One or more foreign-born parents 7,367
Child is native 6,635
Child is foreign born 732
Children under age 6 with 125,818
Only native parent(s) 123,816
One or more foreign-born parents 2,002
Child is native 1,851
Child is foreign born 151
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 303,356
Only native parent(s) 297,991
One or more foreign-born parents 5,365
Child is native 4,784
Child is foreign born 581
Children in Low-Income Families* 216,370
Only native parents 214,308
One or more foreign-born parents 2,062
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 98.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 1.7%
Child is native 1.5%
Child is foreign born 0.2%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 98.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 1.6%
Child is native 1.5%
Child is foreign born 0.1%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 98.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 1.8%
Child is native 1.6%
Child is foreign born 0.2%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 99.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 1.0%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2019 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas and Matthew Sobek. IPUMS USA: Version 10.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2020. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V10.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau has excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.