E.g., 06/01/2020
E.g., 06/01/2020

State Language Data - ND

North Dakota

Language & Education
2018
2000
1990
English Proficiency

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 35,478
Speak only English 28.1%
Speak English "very well" 42.8%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 29.1%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2018 255.4%
% change: 1990-2000 43.3%
English Proficiency of the Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status (age 5 and older)*

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English. Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.

 
Naturalized citizens 12,040
Speak only English 35.3%
Speak English "very well" 48%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 16.7%
Noncitizens 17,247
Speak only English 28.5%
Speak English "very well" 34.9%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 36.6%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 672,424
Speak only English 96.0%
Speak English ""very well"" 3.2%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.7%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 -38.9%
% change: 1990-2000 -27.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 11,919
Speak only English 44.0%
"Speak English ""very well"" 31.6%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 24.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 591,187
Speak only English 94.7%
"Speak English ""very well"" 3.9%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 9,590
Speak only English 48.1%
"Speak English ""very well"" 30.8%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 21.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 578,600
Speak only English 92.5%
"Speak English ""very well"" 5.6%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (by age and English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Ages 5-17 122,539
Speak only English 114,798
Speak language other than English 7,741
Speak English "very well"
6,533
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
1,208
Speak Spanish 1,865
Speak English "very well"
1,577
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
288
Ages 18-64 468,930
Speak only English 430,667
Speak language other than English 38,263
Speak English "very well"
25,553
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
12,710
Speak Spanish 11,181
Speak English "very well"
8,509
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
2,672
65 and Older 116,433
Speak only English 110,295
Speak language other than English 6,138
Speak English "very well"
4,772
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
1,366
Speak Spanish 714
Speak English "very well"
666
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
48
%
65 and Older 100%
Speak only English 93.7%
Speak language other than English 6.3%
Speak English "very well" 5.3%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.0%
Speak Spanish 1.5%
Speak English "very well" 1.3%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.2%
Ages 18-64 100%
Speak only English 91.8%
Speak language other than English 8.2%
Speak English "very well" 5.4%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 2.7%
Speak Spanish 2.4%
Speak English "very well" 1.8%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.6%
Ages 5-17 100%
Speak only English 94.7%
Speak language other than English 5.3%
Speak English "very well" 4.1%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.2%
Speak Spanish 0.6%
Speak English "very well" 0.6%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.0%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)

Note: 1) The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English. 2) Data for Alaska, Delaware, Hawaii, Idaho, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.

Number
Total Household Population, Age 5 and Older 699,381
Speak only English 656,823
Speak language other than English 42,558
Spanish 12,684
Speak English "very well" 9,398
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,286
French (Including Cajun) 2,122
Speak English "very well" 1,542
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 580
Haitian 184
Speak English "very well" 142
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 42
Italian 116
Speak English "very well" 93
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 23
Portuguese 236
Speak English "very well" 115
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 121
German 6,258
Speak English "very well" 5,237
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,021
Yiddish, Pennsylvania Dutch or Other West Germanic Languages 454
Speak English "very well" 403
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 51
Russian 571
Speak English "very well" 437
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 134
Polish 543
Speak English "very well" 427
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 116
Other Slavic Languages 1,386
Speak English "very well" 781
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 605
Armenian N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Persian (including Farsi, Dari) 226
Speak English "very well" 112
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 114
Gujarati 164
Speak English "very well" 144
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 20
Hindi 532
Speak English "very well" 491
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 41
Urdu 98
Speak English "very well" 85
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 13
Punjabi 44
Speak English "very well" 20
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 24
Bengali 165
Speak English "very well" 80
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 85
Nepali, Marathi, or Other Indic Languages 2,067
Speak English "very well" 594
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,473
Other Indo-European Languages 1,608
Speak English "very well" 1,302
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 306
Telugu 74
Speak English "very well" 61
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 13
Tamil 42
Speak English "very well" 38
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4
Malayalam, Kannada, or Other Dravidian Languages 7
Speak English "very well" 7
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Chinese (including Mandarin, Cantonese) 1,511
Speak English "very well" 929
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 582
Japanese 499
Speak English "very well" 423
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 76
Korean 460
Speak English "very well" 246
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 214
Hmong 27
Speak English "very well" 23
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4
Vietnamese 567
Speak English "very well" 235
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 332
Khmer 40
Speak English "very well" 40
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Thai, Lao, or Other Tai-Kadai Languages 149
Speak English "very well" 100
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 49
Other Languages of Asia 142
Speak English "very well" 36
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 106
Tagalog (including Filipino) 1,473
Speak English "very well" 929
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 544
Ilocano, Samoan, Hawaiian, or Other Austronesian Languages 231
Speak English "very well" 205
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 26
Arabic 1,411
Speak English "very well" 1,143
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 268
Hebrew 55
Speak English "very well" 33
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 22
Amharic, Somali, or Other Afro-Asiatic Languages 1,908
Speak English "very well" 1,136
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 772
Yoruba, Twi, Igbo, or Other Languages of Western Africa 1,023
Speak English "very well" 790
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 233
Swahili or Other Languages of Central, Eastern, and Southern Africa 1,435
Speak English "very well" 1,091
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 344
Native Languages of North America 1,676
Speak English "very well" 1,174
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 502
Other and Unspecified Languages 370
Speak English "very well" 182
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 188
%
Field 306 100%
Field 307 93.9%
Field 308 6.1%
Field 310 100%
Field 310 74.1%
Field 310 25.9%
Field 313 100%
Field 314 72.7%
Field 315 27.3%
Field 316 100%
Field 316 77.2%
Field 316 22.8%
Field 319 100%
Field 319 80.2%
Field 319 19.8%
Field 322 100%
Field 322 48.7%
Field 322 51.3%
Field 325 100%
Field 325 83.7%
Field 325 16.3%
Field 328 100%
Field 328 88.8%
Field 328 11.2%
Field 331 100%
Field 331 76.5%
Field 331 23.5%
Field 334 100%
Field 334 78.6%
Field 334 21.4%
Field 337 100%
Field 337 56.3%
Field 337 43.7%
Field 340 100%
Field 340 N
Field 340 N
Field 343 100%
Field 343 49.6%
Field 343 50.4%
Field 346 100%
Field 346 87.8%
Field 346 12.2%
Field 349 100%
Field 349 92.3%
Field 349 7.7%
Field 352 100%
Field 352 86.7%
Field 352 13.3%
Field 355 100%
Field 355 45.5%
Field 355 54.5%
Field 358 100%
Field 358 48.5%
Field 358 51.5%
Field 361 100%
Field 361 28.7%
Field 361 71.3%
Field 364 100%
Field 364 81.0%
Field 364 19.0%
Field 367 100%
Field 367 82.4%
Field 367 17.6%
Field 370 100%
Field 370 90.5%
Field 370 9.5%
Field 373 100%
Field 373 100.0%
Field 373 N
Field 376 100%
Field 376 61.5%
Field 376 38.5%
Field 379 100%
Field 379 84.8%
Field 379 15.2%
Field 382 100%
Field 382 53.5%
Field 382 46.5%
Field 385 100%
Field 385 85.2%
Field 385 14.8%
Field 388 100%
Field 388 41.4%
Field 388 58.6%
Field 391 100%
Field 391 100.0%
Field 391 N
Field 394 100%
Field 394 67.1%
Field 394 32.9%
Field 397 100%
Field 397 25.4%
Field 397 74.6%
Field 400 100%
Field 400 63.1%
Field 400 36.9%
Field 403 100%
Field 403 88.7%
Field 403 11.3%
Field 406 100%
Field 406 81.0%
Field 406 19.0%
Field 409 100%
Field 409 60.0%
Field 409 40.0%
Field 412 100%
Field 412 59.5%
Field 412 40.5%
Field 415 100%
Field 415 77.2%
Field 415 22.8%
Field 418 100%
Field 418 76.0%
Field 418 24.0%
Field 421 100%
Field 421 70.0%
Field 421 30.0%
Field 424 100%
Field 424 49.2%
Field 424 50.8%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Educational Attainment Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 27,147
Less than high school diploma 20.9%
High school diploma or GED 20.1%
Some college or associate's degree 23.9%
Bachelor's degree 20.5%
Graduate or professional degree 14.6%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 14.7%
Bachelor's degree or higher 6.4%
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2018 145.0%
% change: 1990-2000 -27.7%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2018 217.5%
% change: 1990-2000 85.2%
Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status (foreign-born adults, age 25 and older)

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Naturalized citizens (%) 10,108
Less than high school diploma 14.6%
High school diploma or GED 23.2%
Some college or associate's degree 29.8%
Bachelor's degree 17.2%
Graduate or professional degree 15.2%
Noncitizens (%) 12,965
Less than high school diploma 18.9%
High school diploma or GED 18.2%
Some college or associate's degree 21.9%
Bachelor's degree 23.3%
Graduate or professional degree 17.8%
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 473,632
Less than high school diploma 6.9%
High school diploma or GED 26.2%
Some college or associate's degree 37.5%
Bachelor's degree 22.2%
Graduate or professional degree 7.2%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Nothing  
Nothing  
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2011 -48.6%
% change: 1990-2000 -27.4%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2011 63.8%
% change: 1990-2000 22.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 9,273
Less than high school diploma 25.0%
High school diploma or GED 20.4%
Some college or associate's degree 22.3%
Bachelor's degree 17.2%
Graduate or professional degree 15.2%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 3.5%
Bachelor's degree or higher 3.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 399,556
Less than high school diploma 16.0%
High school diploma or GED 28.0%
Some college or associate's degree 34.7%
Bachelor's degree 16.0%
Graduate or professional degree 5.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 7,890
Less than high school diploma 40.6%
High school diploma or GED 20.9%
Some college or associate's degree 18.0%
Bachelor's degree 10.1%
Graduate or professional degree 10.4%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 3.5%
Bachelor's degree or higher 2.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 385,940
Less than high school diploma 22.8%
High school diploma or GED 28.6%
Some college or associate's degree 30.6%
Bachelor's degree 13.4%
Graduate or professional degree 4.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2018 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas, and Matthew Sobek. Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS) USA: Version 8.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2018. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V8.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English “not at all,” “not well,” or “well” on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English “very well” are considered proficient in English.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “English proficiency of the foreign born by U.S. citizenship status” and “Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS. 
  • For “Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)”: Data for Alaska, Delaware, Hawaii, Idaho, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.