E.g., 06/01/2020
E.g., 06/01/2020

State Income Data - ND

North Dakota

Income & Poverty
2018
2000
1990
Poverty

Note: Poverty status is not determined for unrelated individuals under the age of 15 (such as foster children) or for persons lacking conventional housing.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%)

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.

28,843
Below 100% of the poverty level 20.0%
100-199% of the poverty level 20.8%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 59.2%
People in Poverty: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2018 178.8%
% change: 1990-2000 8.3%
% Families in Poverty by Family Type

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.

 
All families (among those for whom poverty status is determined) 14.4%
With related children under age 18
18.1%
With related children under age 5
22.8%
Married-couple families 8.2%
With related children under age 18
7.0%
With related children under age 5
10.7%
Families with female householder, no husband present 37.2%
With related children under age 18
46.3%
With related children under age 5
43.8%
Poverty by U.S. Citizenship Status (among the foreign born)  
Naturalized citizens 11,878
Below 100% of the poverty level
15.4%
100-199% of the poverty level
21.4%
At or above 200% of the poverty level
63.2%
Noncitizens 16,965
Below 100% of the poverty level
23.2%
100-199% of the poverty level
20.4%
At or above 200% of the poverty level
56.4%
Foreign Born Living in Poverty by Region of Birth

Note: The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Born in Africa N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N
Born in Asia N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N
Born in Europe N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N
Born in Oceania N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 698,479
Below 100% of the poverty level 10.5%
100-199% of the poverty level 14.5%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 75.0%
People in Poverty: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 1.2%
% change: 1990-2000 -12.1%
% Families in Poverty by Family Type  
All families (among those for whom poverty status is determined) 6.1%
With related children under age 18
10.0%
With related children under age 5
13.2%
Married-couple families 2.5%
With related children under age 18
2.7%
With related children under age 5
1.9%
Families with female householder, no husband present 25.6%
With related children under age 18
33.0%
With related children under age 5
44.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 11,495
Below 100% of the poverty level 18.0%
100-199% of the poverty level 20.2%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 61.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 609,002
Below 100% of the poverty level 11.9%
100-199% of the poverty level 18.9%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 69.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 8,570
Below 100% of the poverty level 22.3%
100-199% of the poverty level 21.7%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 56.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 601,660
Below 100% of the poverty level 13.7%
100-199% of the poverty level 23.6%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 62.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Poverty by Language Spoken at Home Number
Household population (among those for whom poverty status is determined, age 5 and older) 685,448
Below 100% of the poverty level 72,408
Speaks only English
635,402
Below 100% of the poverty level 63,034
Speaks Spanish
12,906
Below 100% of the poverty level 2,117
Speaks other Indo-European languages
17,882
Below 100% of the poverty level 3,313
Speaks Asian or Pacific Island languages
5,593
Below 100% of the poverty level 552
Speaks other languages
13,665
Below 100% of the poverty level 3,392
%
Household population (among those for whom poverty status is determined, age 5 and older) 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 10.6%
Speaks only English 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 9.9%
Speaks only Spanish 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 16.4%
Speaks other Indo-European languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 18.5%
Speaks Asian or Pacific Island languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 9.9%
Speaks other languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 24.8%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Earnings

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.

Foreign Born
Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older). Earnings in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) 11,971
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss 1.5%
Earned $10,000-$14,999 3.5%
Earned $15,000-$24,999 10.8%
Earned $25,000-$34,999 20.5%
Earned $35,000-$49,999 21.6%
Earned $50,000-$74,999 20.6%
Earned $75,000 or more 21.5%
Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) Earnings in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) by U.S. Citizenship  
Naturalized citizens (%) 5,649
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss
0.8%
Earned $10,000-$14,999
3.1%
Earned $15,000-$24,999
10.2%
Earned $25,000-$34,999
22.2%
Earned $35,000-$49,999
17.8%
Earned $50,000-$74,999
24.3%
Earned $75,000 or more
21.5%
Noncitizens (%) 6,322
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss
2.2%
Earned $10,000-$14,999
3.9%
Earned $15,000-$24,999
11.3%
Earned $25,000-$34,999
19.0%
Earned $35,000-$49,999
25.0%
Earned $50,000-$74,999
17.3%
Earned $75,000 or more
21.4%
Median Earnings of Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars by Gender Foreign Born
Male $49,641
Female $36,866
Median Earnings of Foreign-Born Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars by U.S. Citizenship Status and Gender  
Naturalized citizens  
Male
$52,172
Female
$35,890
Noncitizens  
Male
$46,601
Female
$37,621
U.S. Born
Earnings of Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) 277,443
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss 1.7%
Earned $10,000-$14,999 2.3%
Earned $15,000-$24,999 8.9%
Earned $25,000-$34,999 16.0%
Earned $35,000-$49,999 23.8%
Earned $50,000-$74,999 24.8%
Earned $75,000 or more 22.5%
Nothing 1  
Nothing 2  
Nothing 3  
Nothing 4  
Nothing 5  
Nothing 6  
Nothing 7  
Nothing 8  
Nothing 9  
Nothing 10  
Nothing 11  
Nothing 12  
Nothing 13  
Nothing 14  
Nothing 15  
Nothing 16  
Nothing 17  
Native Born Native Born
Male $54,057
Female $40,093
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Median Household Income

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.

Foreign Born
Median Household Income $50,150
Median Household Income by U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized citizens $51,409
Noncitizens $48,620
U.S. Born
Median Household Income $64,236
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
Home Ownership Rate

Note: 1) Refers to the percentage owner households represent among all occupied households. 2) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS. 3) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Home Ownership Rate 29.3%
Home Ownership Rate by Householder's U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized citizens 38.8%
Noncitizens 19.9%
U.S. Born
Home Ownership Rate 64.1%
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
Health Insurance Coverage

Note: Since some people may hold both private and public health insurance coverage at the same time, estimates of those with private health insurance and those with public coverage may overlap. Their sum therefore may be greater than the total number of people with health insurance.

Foreign Born
Civilian noninstitutionalized population (%) 35,353
With health insurance 85.3%
With private health insurance
71.6%
With public coverage
20.3%
No health insurance coverage 14.7%
Health Insurance Coverage by U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized Citizens (%) 15,576
With health insurance 91.8%
With private health insurance
73.4%
With public coverage
27.4%
No health insurance coverage 8.2%
Noncitizens (%) 19,777
With health insurance 80.1%
With private health insurance
70.1%
With public coverage
14.7%
No health insurance coverage 19.9%
U.S. Born
Civilian noninstitutionalized population (%) 708,440
With health insurance 93.1%
With private health insurance
80.2%
With public coverage
26.8%
No health insurance coverage 6.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2018 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas, and Matthew Sobek. Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS) USA: Version 8.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2018. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V8.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • Poverty status is not determined for unrelated individuals under the age of 15 (such as foster children) or for persons lacking conventional housing. 
  • The term “home ownership rate” refers to the percentage owner households represent among all occupied households.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Poverty,” “Earnings,” “Median Household Income,” and “Home Ownership Rate”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.
  • In the “% Families in Poverty by Family Type” section, “related children” refer to “related children of the householder.”
  • “Health Insurance Coverage”: Private coverage includes employer- or union-provided insurance, insurance purchased directly, and TRICARE (the health program of the U.S. military) or other military health care. Public coverage includes Medicare, Medicaid, or another governmental medical assistance program, and Veterans Administration health care. Individuals can be covered by more than one type of insurance, and they can be covered by both private and public insurers. Since some people may hold both private and public health insurance coverage at the same time, estimates of those with private health insurance and those with public coverage may overlap. Their sum therefore may be greater than the total number of people with health insurance.