E.g., 04/23/2021
E.g., 04/23/2021
State Demographics Data - ND
 

North Dakota

Demographics & Social
2019
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 31,138
% Foreign Born 4.1%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2019 157.0%
% change: 1990-2000 29.0%
Race (%)  
One race 94.1%
White
29.0%
Black or African American
35.0%
American Indian and Alaska Native
1.0%
Asian
24.5%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.0%
Other race
4.6%
Two or more races 5.2%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 3,649
% Latino 11.7%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.9%
5-17 6.9%
18-64 85.2%
65 and older 7.0%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau’s pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

34.3
Gender (% female) 52.3%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 28.7%
Married 59.7%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 11.5%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 730,924
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 16.0%
% change: 1990-2000 0.1%
Race (%)  
One race 96.4%
White 88.2%
Black or African American 1.6%
American Indian and Alaska Native 5.6%
Asian 0.4%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.0%
Other race 0.7%
Two or more races 3.2%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 26,837
% Latino 3.7%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 6.9%
5-17 17.0%
18-64 60.0%
65 and older 16.1%
Median Age 35.2
Gender (% female) 48.9%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 31.5%
Married 51.5%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 16.9%
Foreign Born
Number 12,114
% Foreign Born 1.9%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 630,086
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 9,388
% Foreign Born 1.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 629,412
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

31,138
Born in Africa 9,292
Born in Asia 9,953
Born in Europe 3,069
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 5,126
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 3,267
Born in Oceania 431
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

 
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

31,138
Europe 3,069
Northern Europe 330
United Kingdom
221
Ireland
N
Other Northern Europe
109
Western Europe 794
France
115
Germany
608
Other Western Europe
71
Southern Europe 293
Italy
N
Portugal
N
Other Southern Europe
293
Eastern Europe 1,577
Poland
135
Russia
310
Other Eastern Europe
1,132
Other Europe (no country specified) 75
Asia 9,953
Eastern Asia 2,874
China
1,851

China, excluding Taiwan

1,712

Taiwan

139
Japan
391
Korea
632
Other Eastern Asia
N
South Central Asia 3,930
India
187
Iran
98
Other South Central Asia
3,645
Southeastern Asia 2,274
Philippines
1,718
Vietnam
308
Other Southeastern Asia
248
Western Asia 677
Israel
N
Lebanon
N
Other Western Asia
677
Other Asia (no country specified) 198
Africa 9,292
Eastern Africa 1,999
Northern Africa
18
Western Africa
5,978
Middle and Southern Africa
602
Other Africa (no country specified)
695
Oceania 431
Australia and New Zealand subregion 193
Oceania (no country specified) 238
Americas 8,393
Latin America 5,126
Caribbean
1,739

Cuba

N

Jamaica

1,002

Other Caribbean

737
Central America
2,279

Mexico

1,986

El Salvador

40

Other Central America

253
South America
1,108

Brazil

18

Colombia

995

Other South America

95
Northern America 3,267
Canada
3,267
Other Northern America
N
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 4,166
1990-1999 4,525
2000-2009 9,554
Since 2010 12,893
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 29.8%
Born in Asia 32.0%
Born in Europe 9.9%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 16.5%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 10.5%
Born in Oceania 1.4%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 9.9%
Northern Europe 1.1%
United Kingdom 0.7%
Ireland N
Other Northern Europe 0.4%
Western Europe 2.5%
France 0.4%
Germany 2.0%
Other Western Europe 0.2%
Southern Europe 0.9%
Italy N
Portugal N
Other Southern Europe 0.9%
Eastern Europe 5.1%
Poland 0.4%
Russia 1.0%
Other Eastern Europe 3.6%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.2%
Asia 32.0%
Eastern Asia 9.2%
China 5.9%
China, excluding Taiwan 5.5%
Taiwan 0.4%
Japan 1.3%
Korea 2.0%
Other Eastern Asia N
South Central Asia 12.6%
India 0.6%
Iran 0.3%
Other South Central Asia 11.7%
Southeastern Asia 7.3%
Philippines 5.5%
Vietnam 1.0%
Other Southeastern Asia 0.8%
Western Asia 2.2%
Israel N
Lebanon N
Other Western Asia 2.2%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.6%
Africa 29.8%
Eastern Africa 6.4%
Northern Africa 0.1%
Western Africa 19.2%
Middle and Southern Africa 1.9%
Other Africa (no country specified) 2.2%
Oceania 1.4%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.6%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.8%
Americas 27.0%
Latin America 16.5%
Caribbean 5.6%
Cuba N
Jamaica 3.2%
Other Caribbean 2.4%
Central America 7.3%
Mexico 6.4%
El Salvador 0.1%
Other Central America 0.8%
South America 3.6%
Brazil 0.1%
Colombia 3.2%
Other South America 0.3%
Northern America 10.5%
Canada 10.5%
Other Northern America N
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 13.4%
1980-1989 14.5%
1990-1999 30.7%
Since 2000 41.4%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 12,114
Born in Africa 793
Born in Asia 2,793
Born in Europe 4,008
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 1,373
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 3,026
Cat28 121
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 6.5%
Born in Asia 23.1%
Born in Europe 33.1%
Born in Latin America 11.3%
Born in Northern America 25.0%
Born in Oceania 1.0%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 9,155
Born in Africa 121
Born in Asia 2,125
Born in Europe 3,679
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 477
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 2,700
Cat21 53
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 1.3%
Born in Asia 23.2%
Born in Europe 40.2%
Born in Latin America 5.2%
Born in Northern America 29.5%
Born in Oceania 0.6%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 31,138
Naturalized citizens 11,333
Noncitizens 19,805
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 11,333
Before 1990 2,610
1990-1999 314
2000-2009 2,713
2010-2014 3,676
Since 2015 2,020
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 36.4%
Noncitizens 63.6%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 23.0%
1980-1989 2.8%
1990-1999 23.9%
2000-2009 32.4%
Since 2010 17.8%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 12,114
Naturalized citizens 5,156
Noncitizens 6,958
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 42.6%
Noncitizens 57.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 9,388
Naturalized citizens 5,654
Noncitizens 3,734
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 60.2%
Noncitizens 39.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 12,384
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 1,904
% married among women who gave birth
100.0%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
0.0%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 161,963
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 11,194
% married among women who gave birth 76.1%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 23.9%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S Census Bureau’s pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 2.55
Average family size 3.21
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.29
Average family size 2.92
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau has excluded children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 169,475
Only native parent(s)
156,020
One or more foreign-born parents
13,455

Child is native

11,210

Child is foreign born

2,245
Children under age 6 with 59,134
Only native parent(s)
54,875
One or more foreign-born parents
4,259

Child is native

3,990

Child is foreign born

269
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 110,341
Only native parent(s)
101,145
One or more foreign-born parents
9,196

Child is native

7,220

Child is foreign born

1,976
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau has excluded children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

48,264
Only native parents 43,214
One or more foreign-born parents 5,050
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 92.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 7.9%
Child is native 6.6%
Child is foreign born 1.3%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 92.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 7.2%
Child is native 6.7%
Child is foreign born 0.5%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 91.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 8.3%
Child is native 6.5%
Child is foreign born 1.8%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 89.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 10.5%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 156,490
Only native parent(s) 150,421
One or more foreign-born parents 6,069
Child is native 5,015
Child is foreign born 1,054
Children under age 6 with 44,643
Only native parent(s) 43,084
One or more foreign-born parents 1,559
Child is native 1,524
Child is foreign born 35
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 111,847
Only native parent(s) 107,337
One or more foreign-born parents 4,510
Child is native 3,491
Child is foreign born 1,019
Children in Low-Income Families* 55,489
Only native parents 53,310
One or more foreign-born parents 2,179
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 96.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 3.9%
Child is native 3.2%
Child is foreign born 0.7%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 96.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 3.5%
Child is native 3.4%
Child is foreign born 0.1%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 96.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.0%
Child is native 3.1%
Child is foreign born 0.9%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 96.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 3.9%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 170,940
Only native parent(s) 167,345
One or more foreign-born parents 3,595
Child is native 3,425
Child is foreign born 170
Children under age 6 with 56,240
Only native parent(s) 55,045
One or more foreign-born parents 1,195
Child is native 1,135
Child is foreign born 60
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 114,700
Only native parent(s) 112,300
One or more foreign-born parents 2,400
Child is native 2,290
Child is foreign born 110
Children in Low-Income Families* 74,675
Only native parents 73,170
One or more foreign-born parents 1,505
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 97.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.1%
Child is native 2.0%
Child is foreign born 0.1%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 97.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.1%
Child is native 2.0%
Child is foreign born 0.1%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 97.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.1%
Child is native 2.0%
Child is foreign born 0.1%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 98.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.0%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2019 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas and Matthew Sobek. IPUMS USA: Version 10.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2020. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V10.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau has excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.