E.g., 08/15/2020
E.g., 08/15/2020

State Language Data - KY

Kentucky

Language & Education
2018
2000
1990
English Proficiency

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 168,119
Speak only English 18.8%
Speak English "very well" 35.9%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 45.2%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2018 128.2%
% change: 1990-2000 294.4%
English Proficiency of the Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status (age 5 and older)*

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English. Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.

 
Naturalized citizens 68,498
Speak only English 28.8%
Speak English "very well" 40%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 31.2%
Noncitizens 99,621
Speak only English 12%
Speak English "very well" 33.1%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 54.9%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 4,026,794
Speak only English 97.5%
Speak English ""very well"" 1.9%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.5%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 -15.3%
% change: 1990-2000 21.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 78,432
Speak only English 22.2%
"Speak English ""very well"" 35.3%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 42.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 3,697,798
Speak only English 97.6%
"Speak English ""very well"" 1.7%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 31,995
Speak only English 39.2%
"Speak English ""very well"" 34.4%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 26.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 3,387,153
Speak only English 98.1%
"Speak English ""very well"" 1.3%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (by age and English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Ages 5-17 734,292
Speak only English 684,729
Speak language other than English 49,563
Speak English "very well"
37,439
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
12,124
Speak Spanish 27,295
Speak English "very well"
21,450
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
5,845
Ages 18-64 2,729,229
Speak only English 2,559,673
Speak language other than English 169,556
Speak English "very well"
91,554
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
78,002
Speak Spanish 83,096
Speak English "very well"
39,930
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
43,166
65 and Older 731,392
Speak only English 714,054
Speak language other than English 17,338
Speak English "very well"
9,776
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
7,562
Speak Spanish 6,323
Speak English "very well"
3,429
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
2,894
%
65 and Older 100%
Speak only English 93.3%
Speak language other than English 6.7%
Speak English "very well" 5.1%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.7%
Speak Spanish 3.7%
Speak English "very well" 2.9%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.8%
Ages 18-64 100%
Speak only English 93.8%
Speak language other than English 6.2%
Speak English "very well" 3.4%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 2.9%
Speak Spanish 3.0%
Speak English "very well" 1.5%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.6%
Ages 5-17 100%
Speak only English 97.6%
Speak language other than English 2.4%
Speak English "very well" 1.3%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.0%
Speak Spanish 0.9%
Speak English "very well" 0.5%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.4%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)

Note: 1) The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English. 2) Data for Alaska, Delaware, Hawaii, Idaho, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.

Number
Total Household Population, Age 5 and Older 4,194,913
Speak only English 3,958,456
Speak language other than English 236,457
Spanish 116,714
Speak English "very well" 64,809
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 51,905
French (Including Cajun) 6,627
Speak English "very well" 5,448
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,179
Haitian 487
Speak English "very well" 329
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 158
Italian 1,111
Speak English "very well" 796
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 315
Portuguese 977
Speak English "very well" 808
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 169
German 12,723
Speak English "very well" 10,149
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,574
Yiddish, Pennsylvania Dutch or Other West Germanic Languages 6,967
Speak English "very well" 4,641
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,326
Russian 5,335
Speak English "very well" 2,868
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,467
Polish 491
Speak English "very well" 179
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 312
Other Slavic Languages 7,365
Speak English "very well" 4,585
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,780
Armenian N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Persian (including Farsi, Dari) 1,832
Speak English "very well" 1,196
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 636
Gujarati 4,394
Speak English "very well" 2,554
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,840
Hindi 3,399
Speak English "very well" 2,885
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 514
Urdu 178
Speak English "very well" 141
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 37
Punjabi 112
Speak English "very well" 112
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Bengali 637
Speak English "very well" 349
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 288
Nepali, Marathi, or Other Indic Languages 4,432
Speak English "very well" 1,250
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,182
Other Indo-European Languages 1,593
Speak English "very well" 1,311
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 282
Telugu 2,426
Speak English "very well" 2,182
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 244
Tamil 488
Speak English "very well" 416
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 72
Malayalam, Kannada, or Other Dravidian Languages 575
Speak English "very well" 420
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 155
Chinese (including Mandarin, Cantonese) 8,830
Speak English "very well" 4,375
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,455
Japanese 4,825
Speak English "very well" 2,067
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,758
Korean 2,988
Speak English "very well" 1,705
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,283
Hmong 442
Speak English "very well" 173
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 269
Vietnamese 5,413
Speak English "very well" 2,187
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,226
Khmer 1,305
Speak English "very well" 624
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 681
Thai, Lao, or Other Tai-Kadai Languages 1,183
Speak English "very well" 769
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 414
Other Languages of Asia 4,534
Speak English "very well" 1,611
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,923
Tagalog (including Filipino) 4,655
Speak English "very well" 3,362
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,293
Ilocano, Samoan, Hawaiian, or Other Austronesian Languages 2,666
Speak English "very well" 1,887
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 779
Arabic 7,097
Speak English "very well" 4,798
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,299
Hebrew 448
Speak English "very well" 197
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 251
Amharic, Somali, or Other Afro-Asiatic Languages 3,543
Speak English "very well" 2,022
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,521
Yoruba, Twi, Igbo, or Other Languages of Western Africa 3,746
Speak English "very well" 3,135
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 611
Swahili or Other Languages of Central, Eastern, and Southern Africa 3,821
Speak English "very well" 1,339
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,482
Native Languages of North America 450
Speak English "very well" 391
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 59
Other and Unspecified Languages 1,648
Speak English "very well" 699
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 949
%
Field 306 100%
Field 307 94.4%
Field 308 5.6%
Field 310 100%
Field 310 55.5%
Field 310 44.5%
Field 313 100%
Field 314 82.2%
Field 315 17.8%
Field 316 100%
Field 316 67.6%
Field 316 32.4%
Field 319 100%
Field 319 71.6%
Field 319 28.4%
Field 322 100%
Field 322 82.7%
Field 322 17.3%
Field 325 100%
Field 325 79.8%
Field 325 20.2%
Field 328 100%
Field 328 66.6%
Field 328 33.4%
Field 331 100%
Field 331 53.8%
Field 331 46.2%
Field 334 100%
Field 334 36.5%
Field 334 63.5%
Field 337 100%
Field 337 62.3%
Field 337 37.7%
Field 340 100%
Field 340 N
Field 340 N
Field 343 100%
Field 343 65.3%
Field 343 34.7%
Field 346 100%
Field 346 58.1%
Field 346 41.9%
Field 349 100%
Field 349 84.9%
Field 349 15.1%
Field 352 100%
Field 352 79.2%
Field 352 20.8%
Field 355 100%
Field 355 100.0%
Field 355 N
Field 358 100%
Field 358 54.8%
Field 358 45.2%
Field 361 100%
Field 361 28.2%
Field 361 71.8%
Field 364 100%
Field 364 82.3%
Field 364 17.7%
Field 367 100%
Field 367 89.9%
Field 367 10.1%
Field 370 100%
Field 370 85.2%
Field 370 14.8%
Field 373 100%
Field 373 73.0%
Field 373 27.0%
Field 376 100%
Field 376 49.5%
Field 376 50.5%
Field 379 100%
Field 379 42.8%
Field 379 57.2%
Field 382 100%
Field 382 57.1%
Field 382 42.9%
Field 385 100%
Field 385 39.1%
Field 385 60.9%
Field 388 100%
Field 388 40.4%
Field 388 59.6%
Field 391 100%
Field 391 47.8%
Field 391 52.2%
Field 394 100%
Field 394 65.0%
Field 394 35.0%
Field 397 100%
Field 397 35.5%
Field 397 64.5%
Field 400 100%
Field 400 72.2%
Field 400 27.8%
Field 403 100%
Field 403 70.8%
Field 403 29.2%
Field 406 100%
Field 406 67.6%
Field 406 32.4%
Field 409 100%
Field 409 44.0%
Field 409 56.0%
Field 412 100%
Field 412 57.1%
Field 412 42.9%
Field 415 100%
Field 415 83.7%
Field 415 16.3%
Field 418 100%
Field 418 35.0%
Field 418 65.0%
Field 421 100%
Field 421 86.9%
Field 421 13.1%
Field 424 100%
Field 424 42.4%
Field 424 57.6%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Educational Attainment Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 134,636
Less than high school diploma 25.3%
High school diploma or GED 23.0%
Some college or associate's degree 18.6%
Bachelor's degree 16.9%
Graduate or professional degree 16.2%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 8.5%
Bachelor's degree or higher 5.9%
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2018 147.4%
% change: 1990-2000 154.8%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2018 133.8%
% change: 1990-2000 139.6%
Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status (foreign-born adults, age 25 and older)

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Naturalized citizens (%) 57,150
Less than high school diploma 15.4%
High school diploma or GED 20.7%
Some college or associate's degree 25.4%
Bachelor's degree 20.7%
Graduate or professional degree 17.8%
Noncitizens (%) 77,486
Less than high school diploma 32.6%
High school diploma or GED 24.6%
Some college or associate's degree 13.7%
Bachelor's degree 14%
Graduate or professional degree 15.1%
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 2,904,778
Less than high school diploma 12.6%
High school diploma or GED 33.0%
Some college or associate's degree 29.9%
Bachelor's degree 14.4%
Graduate or professional degree 10.0%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Nothing  
Nothing  
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2011 -45.6%
% change: 1990-2000 -16.9%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2011 63.9%
% change: 1990-2000 39.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 57,433
Less than high school diploma 24.0%
High school diploma or GED 23.5%
Some college or associate's degree 19.3%
Bachelor's degree 14.7%
Graduate or professional degree 18.5%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 2.0%
Bachelor's degree or higher 4.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 2,587,541
Less than high school diploma 26.1%
High school diploma or GED 33.7%
Some college or associate's degree 23.5%
Bachelor's degree 10.2%
Graduate or professional degree 6.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 25,659
Less than high school diploma 21.0%
High school diploma or GED 26.0%
Some college or associate's degree 21.9%
Bachelor's degree 14.1%
Graduate or professional degree 16.9%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 0.7%
Bachelor's degree or higher 2.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 2,294,925
Less than high school diploma 35.4%
High school diploma or GED 32.0%
Some college or associate's degree 19.2%
Bachelor's degree 8.2%
Graduate or professional degree 5.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2018 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas, and Matthew Sobek. Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS) USA: Version 8.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2018. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V8.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English “not at all,” “not well,” or “well” on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English “very well” are considered proficient in English.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “English proficiency of the foreign born by U.S. citizenship status” and “Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS. 
  • For “Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)”: Data for Alaska, Delaware, Hawaii, Idaho, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.