E.g., 08/24/2019
E.g., 08/24/2019

State Demographics Data - KY

Kentucky

Demographics & Social
2017
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 169,085
% Foreign Born 3.8%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2017 110.6%
% change: 1990-2000 135.3%
Race (%)  
One race 97.9%
White
44.9%
Black or African American
14.2%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.2%
Asian
26.5%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
1.0%
Other race
11.1%
Two or more races 2.1%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 55,997
% Latino 33.1%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.8%
5-17 9.6%
18-64 81.0%
65 and older 8.7%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

38.3
Gender (% female) 48.8%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 28.8%
Married 57.8%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 13.4%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 4,285,104
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 8.2%
% change: 1990-2000 8.5%
Race (%)  
One race 97.7%
White 88.6%
Black or African American 7.9%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.2%
Asian 0.5%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.0%
Other race 0.5%
Two or more races 2.3%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 99,166
% Latino 2.3%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 6.4%
5-17 16.9%
18-64 60.5%
65 and older 16.2%
Median Age 38.9
Gender (% female) 50.8%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 28.8%
Married 49.1%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 22.1%
Foreign Born
Number 80,271
% Foreign Born 2.0%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 3,961,498
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 34,119
% Foreign Born 0.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 3,651,177
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

169,085
Born in Africa 22,300
Born in Asia 55,612
Born in Europe 25,267
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 59,727
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 3,797
Born in Oceania 2,382
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 Cuba
Country #3 China (exc. Taiwan)
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

169,085
Europe 25,267
Northern Europe 4,637
United Kingdom
3,035
Ireland
1,021
Other Northern Europe
581
Western Europe 8,068
France
1,492
Germany
5,875
Other Western Europe
701
Southern Europe 1,690
Italy
934
Portugal
72
Other Southern Europe
684
Eastern Europe 10,872
Poland
785
Russia
2,800
Other Eastern Europe
7,287
Other Europe (no country specified) 0
Asia 55,612
Eastern Asia 15,263
China
7,748

China, excluding Taiwan

6,855

Taiwan

893
Japan
2,329
Korea
5,182
Other Eastern Asia
4
South Central Asia 20,060
India
11,442
Iran
913
Other South Central Asia
7,705
Southeastern Asia 14,894
Philippines
4,682
Vietnam
4,481
Other Southeastern Asia
5,731
Western Asia 5,088
Israel
222
Lebanon
322
Other Western Asia
4,544
Other Asia (no country specified) 307
Africa 22,300
Eastern Africa 5,006
Northern Africa
1,612
Western Africa
7,172
Middle and Southern Africa
7,658
Other Africa (no country specified)
852
Oceania 2,382
Australia and New Zealand subregion 644
Oceania (no country specified) 1,738
Americas 63,524
Latin America 59,727
Caribbean
14,400

Cuba

11,665

Jamaica

138

Other Caribbean

2,597
Central America
39,159

Mexico

28,170

El Salvador

1,745

Other Central America

9,244
South America
6,168

Brazil

1,613

Colombia

1,949

Other South America

2,606
Northern America 3,797
Canada
3,658
Other Northern America
139
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 26,060
1990-1999 28,525
2000-2009 53,092
Since 2010 61,408
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 13.2%
Born in Asia 32.9%
Born in Europe 14.9%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 35.3%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 2.2%
Born in Oceania 1.4%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 22.2
Country #2 6.70%
Country #3 5.8
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 14.9%
Northern Europe 2.7%
United Kingdom 1.8%
Ireland 0.6%
Other Northern Europe 0.3%
Western Europe 4.8%
France 0.9%
Germany 3.5%
Other Western Europe 0.4%
Southern Europe 1.0%
Italy 0.6%
Portugal 0.0%
Other Southern Europe 0.4%
Eastern Europe 6.4%
Poland 0.5%
Russia 1.7%
Other Eastern Europe 4.3%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.0%
Asia 32.9%
Eastern Asia 9.0%
China 4.6%
China, excluding Taiwan 4.1%
Taiwan 0.5%
Japan 1.4%
Korea 3.1%
Other Eastern Asia 0.0%
South Central Asia 11.9%
India 6.8%
Iran 0.5%
Other South Central Asia 4.6%
Southeastern Asia 8.8%
Philippines 2.8%
Vietnam 2.7%
Other Southeastern Asia 3.4%
Western Asia 3.0%
Israel 0.1%
Lebanon 0.2%
Other Western Asia 2.7%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.2%
Africa 13.2%
Eastern Africa 3.0%
Northern Africa 1.0%
Western Africa 4.2%
Middle and Southern Africa 4.5%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.5%
Oceania 1.4%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.4%
Oceania (no country specified) 1.0%
Americas 37.6%
Latin America 35.3%
Caribbean 8.5%
Cuba 6.9%
Jamaica 0.1%
Other Caribbean 1.5%
Central America 23.2%
Mexico 16.7%
El Salvador 1.0%
Other Central America 5.5%
South America 3.6%
Brazil 1.0%
Colombia 1.2%
Other South America 1.5%
Northern America 2.2%
Canada 2.2%
Other Northern America 0.1%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 15.4%
1980-1989 16.9%
1990-1999 31.4%
Since 2000 36.3%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 80,271
Born in Africa 3,229
Born in Asia 26,814
Born in Europe 20,575
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 25,627
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 3,549
Cat28 471
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 Germany
Country #3 India
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 4.0%
Born in Asia 33.4%
Born in Europe 25.6%
Born in Latin America 31.9%
Born in Northern America 4.4%
Born in Oceania 0.6%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 19.3
Country #2 8.30%
Country #3 6.2
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 32,745
Born in Africa 1,007
Born in Asia 13,253
Born in Europe 11,961
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 4,216
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 2,062
Cat21 246
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 139
Country #2 United Kingdom
Country #3 Korea
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 3.1%
Born in Asia 40.5%
Born in Europe 36.5%
Born in Latin America 12.9%
Born in Northern America 6.3%
Born in Oceania 0.8%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 16.1
Country #2 7.00%
Country #3 6.50%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 169,085
Naturalized citizens 69,967
Noncitizens 99,118
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 69,967
Before 1980 5,666
1980-1989 5,318
1990-1999 10,364
2000-2009 19,938
Since 2010 28,681
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 41.4%
Noncitizens 58.6%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 8.1%
1980-1989 7.6%
1990-1999 14.8%
2000-2009 28.5%
Since 2010 41.0%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 80,271
Naturalized citizens 27,569
Noncitizens 52,702
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 34.3%
Noncitizens 65.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 34,119
Naturalized citizens 15,890
Noncitizens 18,229
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 46.6%
Noncitizens 53.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 53,879
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 4,295
% married among women who gave birth
71.4%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
28.6%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 970,929
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 49,149
% married among women who gave birth 64.8%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 35.2%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2012-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3.09
Average family size 3.54
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.48
Average family size 3.06
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 935,471
Only native parent(s)
865,649
One or more foreign-born parents
69,822

Child is native

59,143

Child is foreign born

10,679
Children under age 6 with 309,582
Only native parent(s)
285,102
One or more foreign-born parents
24,480

Child is native

22,704

Child is foreign born

1,776
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 625,889
Only native parent(s)
580,547
One or more foreign-born parents
45,342

Child is native

36,439

Child is foreign born

8,903
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

397,139
Only native parents 359,089
One or more foreign-born parents 38,050
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 92.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 7.5%
Child is native 6.3%
Child is foreign born 1.1%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 92.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 7.9%
Child is native 7.3%
Child is foreign born 0.6%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 92.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 7.2%
Child is native 5.8%
Child is foreign born 1.4%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 90.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 9.6%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 951,152
Only native parent(s) 921,559
One or more foreign-born parents 29,593
Child is native 21,858
Child is foreign born 7,735
Children under age 6 with 305,402
Only native parent(s) 293,942
One or more foreign-born parents 11,460
Child is native 9,802
Child is foreign born 1,658
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 645,750
Only native parent(s) 627,617
One or more foreign-born parents 18,133
Child is native 12,056
Child is foreign born 6,077
Children in Low-Income Families* 415,461
Only native parents 403,271
One or more foreign-born parents 12,190
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 96.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 3.1%
Child is native 2.3%
Child is foreign born 0.8%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 96.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 3.8%
Child is native 3.2%
Child is foreign born 0.5%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 97.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.8%
Child is native 1.9%
Child is foreign born 0.9%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 97.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.9%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 918,500
Only native parent(s) 903,291
One or more foreign-born parents 15,209
Child is native 12,609
Child is foreign born 2,600
Children under age 6 with 294,412
Only native parent(s) 289,184
One or more foreign-born parents 5,228
Child is native 4,671
Child is foreign born 557
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 624,088
Only native parent(s) 614,107
One or more foreign-born parents 9,981
Child is native 7,938
Child is foreign born 2,043
Children in Low-Income Families* 434,288
Only native parents 428,603
One or more foreign-born parents 5,685
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 98.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 1.7%
Child is native 1.4%
Child is foreign born 0.3%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 98.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 1.8%
Child is native 1.6%
Child is foreign born 0.2%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 98.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 1.6%
Child is native 1.3%
Child is foreign born 0.3%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 98.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 1.3%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2017 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas, and Matthew Sobek. Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS) USA: Version 8.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2018. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V8.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.