E.g., 06/08/2023
E.g., 06/08/2023
State Demographics Data - KY
 

Kentucky

Demographics & Social
2021
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 182,011
% Foreign Born 4.0%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2021 126.7%
% change: 1990-2000 135.3%
Race (%)  
One race 77.1%
White
22.9%
Black or African American
15.3%
American Indian and Alaska Native
1.0%
Asian
25.4%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
1.3%
Other race
11.2%
Two or more races 22.9%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 63,133
% Latino 34.7%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 1.0%
5-17 12.0%
18-64 78.5%
65 and older 8.5%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau’s pooled 2017-2021 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2021 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

38.4
Gender (% female) 49.7%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 26.2%
Married 60.2%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 13.6%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 4,327,383
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 9.2%
% change: 1990-2000 8.5%
Race (%)  
One race 94.4%
White 85.8%
Black or African American 6.9%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.2%
Asian 0.4%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.1%
Other race 1.0%
Two or more races 5.6%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 113,614
% Latino 2.6%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 6.0%
5-17 17.0%
18-64 59.7%
65 and older 17.4%
Median Age 39.2
Gender (% female) 50.6%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 30.1%
Married 48.5%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 21.4%
Foreign Born
Number 80,271
% Foreign Born 2.0%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 3,961,498
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 34,119
% Foreign Born 0.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 3,651,177
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

182,011
Born in Africa 25,746
Born in Asia 56,525
Born in Europe 25,629
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 67,391
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 3,771
Born in Oceania 2,949
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

 
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

182,011
Europe 25,629
Northern Europe 4,067
United Kingdom
2,875
Ireland
701
Other Northern Europe
491
Western Europe 6,792
France
758
Germany
5,289
Other Western Europe
745
Southern Europe 926
Italy
391
Portugal
140
Other Southern Europe
395
Eastern Europe 13,770
Poland
811
Russia
1,709
Other Eastern Europe
11,250
Other Europe (no country specified) 74
Asia 56,525
Eastern Asia 12,647
China
6,412

China, excluding Taiwan

6,006

Taiwan

406
Japan
2,749
Korea
3,419
Other Eastern Asia
67
South Central Asia 19,741
India
11,525
Iran
817
Other South Central Asia
7,399
Southeastern Asia 18,073
Philippines
4,850
Vietnam
3,877
Other Southeastern Asia
9,346
Western Asia 5,491
Israel
144
Lebanon
N
Other Western Asia
5,347
Other Asia (no country specified) 573
Africa 25,746
Eastern Africa 6,960
Northern Africa
1,528
Western Africa
4,871
Middle and Southern Africa
7,907
Other Africa (no country specified)
4,480
Oceania 2,949
Australia and New Zealand subregion 450
Oceania (no country specified) 2,499
Americas 71,162
Latin America 67,391
Caribbean
16,816

Cuba

13,415

Jamaica

544

Other Caribbean

2,857
Central America
44,078

Mexico

25,652

El Salvador

1,139

Other Central America

17,287
South America
6,497

Brazil

847

Colombia

1,608

Other South America

4,042
Northern America 3,771
Canada
3,718
Other Northern America
53
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 23,893
1990-1999 26,310
2000-2009 45,770
Since 2010 86,038
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 14.1%
Born in Asia 31.1%
Born in Europe 14.1%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 37.0%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 2.1%
Born in Oceania 1.6%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 14.1%
Northern Europe 2.2%
United Kingdom 1.6%
Ireland 0.4%
Other Northern Europe 0.3%
Western Europe 3.7%
France 0.4%
Germany 2.9%
Other Western Europe 0.4%
Southern Europe 0.5%
Italy 0.2%
Portugal 0.1%
Other Southern Europe 0.2%
Eastern Europe 7.6%
Poland 0.4%
Russia 0.9%
Other Eastern Europe 6.2%
Other Europe (no country specified) N
Asia 31.1%
Eastern Asia 6.9%
China 3.5%
China, excluding Taiwan 3.3%
Taiwan 0.2%
Japan 1.5%
Korea 1.9%
Other Eastern Asia N
South Central Asia 10.8%
India 6.3%
Iran 0.4%
Other South Central Asia 4.1%
Southeastern Asia 9.9%
Philippines 2.7%
Vietnam 2.1%
Other Southeastern Asia 5.1%
Western Asia 3.0%
Israel 0.1%
Lebanon N
Other Western Asia 2.9%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.3%
Africa 14.1%
Eastern Africa 3.8%
Northern Africa 0.8%
Western Africa 2.7%
Middle and Southern Africa 4.3%
Other Africa (no country specified) 2.5%
Oceania 1.6%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.2%
Oceania (no country specified) 1.4%
Americas 39.1%
Latin America 37.0%
Caribbean 9.2%
Cuba 7.4%
Jamaica 0.3%
Other Caribbean 1.6%
Central America 24.2%
Mexico 14.1%
El Salvador 0.6%
Other Central America 9.5%
South America 3.6%
Brazil 0.5%
Colombia 0.9%
Other South America 2.2%
Northern America 2.1%
Canada 2.0%
Other Northern America N
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 13.1%
1980-1989 14.5%
1990-1999 25.1%
Since 2000 47.3%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 80,271
Born in Africa 3,229
Born in Asia 26,814
Born in Europe 20,575
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 25,627
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 3,549
Cat28 471
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 4.0%
Born in Asia 33.4%
Born in Europe 25.6%
Born in Latin America 31.9%
Born in Northern America 4.4%
Born in Oceania 0.6%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 32,745
Born in Africa 1,007
Born in Asia 13,253
Born in Europe 11,961
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 4,216
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 2,062
Cat21 246
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 3.1%
Born in Asia 40.5%
Born in Europe 36.5%
Born in Latin America 12.9%
Born in Northern America 6.3%
Born in Oceania 0.8%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 182,011
Naturalized citizens 77,493
Noncitizens 104,518
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 77,493
Before 1990 10,883
1990-1999 9,060
2000-2009 15,888
2010-2014 14,032
Since 2015 27,630
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 42.6%
Noncitizens 57.4%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 14.0%
1980-1989 11.7%
1990-1999 20.5%
2000-2009 18.1%
Since 2010 35.7%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 80,271
Naturalized citizens 27,569
Noncitizens 52,702
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 34.3%
Noncitizens 65.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 34,119
Naturalized citizens 15,890
Noncitizens 18,229
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 46.6%
Noncitizens 53.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 55,730
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 4,903
% married among women who gave birth
89.4%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
10.6%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 972,408
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 48,343
% married among women who gave birth 65.5%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 34.5%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S Census Bureau’s pooled 2017-2021 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2021 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3.21
Average family size 3.78
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.42
Average family size 3.00
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers to children between ages 0 and 17 (regardless of their nativity) who reside with at least one parent. This means that the number of children shown here is smaller than the overall number of U.S. children under 18. Since 2013, the U.S. Census Bureau includes children of same-sex married couples in its count of children in families and subfamilies.

 
Children under age 18 with 933,125
Only native parent(s)
846,131
One or more foreign-born parents
86,994

Child is native

69,044

Child is foreign born

17,950
Children under age 6 with 297,816
Only native parent(s)
265,852
One or more foreign-born parents
31,964

Child is native

29,196

Child is foreign born

2,768
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 635,309
Only native parent(s)
580,279
One or more foreign-born parents
55,030

Child is native

39,848

Child is foreign born

15,182
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers to children between ages 0 and 17 (regardless of their nativity) who reside with at least one parent. This means that the number of children shown here is smaller than the overall number of U.S. children under 18. Since 2013, the U.S. Census Bureau includes children of same-sex married couples in its count of children in families and subfamilies. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

400,995
Only native parents 355,303
One or more foreign-born parents 45,692
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 90.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 9.3%
Child is native 7.4%
Child is foreign born 1.9%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 89.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 10.7%
Child is native 9.8%
Child is foreign born 0.9%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 91.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 8.7%
Child is native 6.3%
Child is foreign born 2.4%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 88.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 11.4%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 951,152
Only native parent(s) 921,559
One or more foreign-born parents 29,593
Child is native 21,858
Child is foreign born 7,735
Children under age 6 with 305,402
Only native parent(s) 293,942
One or more foreign-born parents 11,460
Child is native 9,802
Child is foreign born 1,658
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 645,750
Only native parent(s) 627,617
One or more foreign-born parents 18,133
Child is native 12,056
Child is foreign born 6,077
Children in Low-Income Families* 415,461
Only native parents 403,271
One or more foreign-born parents 12,190
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 96.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 3.1%
Child is native 2.3%
Child is foreign born 0.8%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 96.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 3.8%
Child is native 3.2%
Child is foreign born 0.5%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 97.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.8%
Child is native 1.9%
Child is foreign born 0.9%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 97.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.9%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 918,500
Only native parent(s) 903,291
One or more foreign-born parents 15,209
Child is native 12,609
Child is foreign born 2,600
Children under age 6 with 294,412
Only native parent(s) 289,184
One or more foreign-born parents 5,228
Child is native 4,671
Child is foreign born 557
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 624,088
Only native parent(s) 614,107
One or more foreign-born parents 9,981
Child is native 7,938
Child is foreign born 2,043
Children in Low-Income Families* 434,288
Only native parents 428,603
One or more foreign-born parents 5,685
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 98.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 1.7%
Child is native 1.4%
Child is foreign born 0.3%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 98.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 1.8%
Child is native 1.6%
Child is foreign born 0.2%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 98.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 1.6%
Child is native 1.3%
Child is foreign born 0.3%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 98.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 1.3%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2021 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, click here. For ACS methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Megan Schouweiler and Matthew Sobek. IPUMS USA: Version 12.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2022. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V12.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • Race and Hispanic origin: The Census Bureau made some improvements and changes in how respondents were asked about their race and Hispanic origin on the 2020 decennial Census form. The goal was to achieve a more accurate portrait of how U.S. residents self-identify. The same changes were implemented in the subsequent ACS as well. Note that the racial composition of the U.S. population in the 2021 ACS looks different from prior ACS years. For instance, the proportion reporting “two or more races” has increased, while the proportion of “white alone” decreased, reflecting both the growth of a more racially diverse population and the changes in questionnaire design. Race and Hispanic origin comparisons between the 2021 ACS and earlier ACS years or pre-2020 decennial Censuses should be made with caution. For more details, visit the Census Bureau’s Resource Library.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2017-2021 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2021 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Children: The data here include children between ages 0 and 17 (regardless of their nativity) who reside with at least one parent. This means that the number of children shown here is smaller than the overall number of U.S. children under 18. Since 2013, the U.S. Census Bureau has included children of same-sex married couples in its count of children in families and subfamilies.