E.g., 04/06/2020
E.g., 04/06/2020

State Demographics Data - KY

Kentucky

Demographics & Social
2018
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 169,346
% Foreign Born 3.8%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2018 111.0%
% change: 1990-2000 135.3%
Race (%)  
One race 97.1%
White
44.1%
Black or African American
10.4%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.2%
Asian
27.6%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
1.0%
Other race
13.8%
Two or more races 2.9%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 64,353
% Latino 38.0%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.7%
5-17 8.3%
18-64 81.9%
65 and older 9.1%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

38.7
Gender (% female) 49.4%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 27.6%
Married 59.4%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 13.0%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 4,299,056
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 8.5%
% change: 1990-2000 8.5%
Race (%)  
One race 97.6%
White 88.4%
Black or African American 7.8%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.2%
Asian 0.4%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.1%
Other race 0.7%
Two or more races 2.4%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 97,153
% Latino 2.3%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 6.3%
5-17 16.8%
18-64 60.3%
65 and older 16.7%
Median Age 39.1
Gender (% female) 50.8%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 29.1%
Married 48.8%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 22.0%
Foreign Born
Number 80,271
% Foreign Born 2.0%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 3,961,498
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 34,119
% Foreign Born 0.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 3,651,177
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

169,346
Born in Africa 16,160
Born in Asia 57,613
Born in Europe 23,895
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 67,508
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 2,433
Born in Oceania 1,737
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

169,346
Europe 23,895
Northern Europe 4,385
United Kingdom
3,338
Ireland
440
Other Northern Europe
607
Western Europe 7,351
France
815
Germany
5,992
Other Western Europe
544
Southern Europe 1,423
Italy
1,019
Portugal
0
Other Southern Europe
404
Eastern Europe 10,736
Poland
273
Russia
943
Other Eastern Europe
9,520
Other Europe (no country specified) 0
Asia 57,613
Eastern Asia 16,206
China
9,569

China, excluding Taiwan

8,890

Taiwan

679
Japan
3,295
Korea
3,342
Other Eastern Asia
0
South Central Asia 18,090
India
10,959
Iran
965
Other South Central Asia
6,166
Southeastern Asia 18,372
Philippines
6,529
Vietnam
4,698
Other Southeastern Asia
7,145
Western Asia 4,418
Israel
292
Lebanon
510
Other Western Asia
3,616
Other Asia (no country specified) 527
Africa 16,160
Eastern Africa 5,880
Northern Africa
2,290
Western Africa
4,395
Middle and Southern Africa
2,728
Other Africa (no country specified)
867
Oceania 1,737
Australia and New Zealand subregion 568
Oceania (no country specified) 1,169
Americas 69,941
Latin America 67,508
Caribbean
15,166

Cuba

11,357

Jamaica

1,742

Other Caribbean

2,067
Central America
45,079

Mexico

29,720

El Salvador

1,825

Other Central America

13,534
South America
7,263

Brazil

763

Colombia

1,694

Other South America

4,806
Northern America 2,433
Canada
2,415
Other Northern America
18
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 22,843
1990-1999 24,683
2000-2009 56,978
Since 2010 64,842
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 9.5%
Born in Asia 34.0%
Born in Europe 14.1%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 39.9%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 1.4%
Born in Oceania 1.0%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 14.1%
Northern Europe 2.6%
United Kingdom 2.0%
Ireland 0.3%
Other Northern Europe 0.4%
Western Europe 4.3%
France 0.5%
Germany 3.5%
Other Western Europe 0.3%
Southern Europe 0.8%
Italy 0.6%
Portugal 0.0%
Other Southern Europe 0.2%
Eastern Europe 6.3%
Poland 0.2%
Russia 0.6%
Other Eastern Europe 5.6%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.0%
Asia 34.0%
Eastern Asia 9.6%
China 5.7%
China, excluding Taiwan 5.2%
Taiwan 0.4%
Japan 1.9%
Korea 2.0%
Other Eastern Asia 0.0%
South Central Asia 10.7%
India 6.5%
Iran 0.6%
Other South Central Asia 3.6%
Southeastern Asia 10.8%
Philippines 3.9%
Vietnam 2.8%
Other Southeastern Asia 4.2%
Western Asia 2.6%
Israel 0.2%
Lebanon 0.3%
Other Western Asia 2.1%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.3%
Africa 9.5%
Eastern Africa 3.5%
Northern Africa 1.4%
Western Africa 2.6%
Middle and Southern Africa 1.6%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.5%
Oceania 1.0%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.3%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.7%
Americas 41.3%
Latin America 39.9%
Caribbean 9.0%
Cuba 6.7%
Jamaica 1.0%
Other Caribbean 1.2%
Central America 26.6%
Mexico 17.5%
El Salvador 1.1%
Other Central America 8.0%
South America 4.3%
Brazil 0.5%
Colombia 1.0%
Other South America 2.8%
Northern America 1.4%
Canada 1.4%
Other Northern America 0.0%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 13.5%
1980-1989 14.6%
1990-1999 33.6%
Since 2000 38.3%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 80,271
Born in Africa 3,229
Born in Asia 26,814
Born in Europe 20,575
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 25,627
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 3,549
Cat28 471
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 4.0%
Born in Asia 33.4%
Born in Europe 25.6%
Born in Latin America 31.9%
Born in Northern America 4.4%
Born in Oceania 0.6%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 32,745
Born in Africa 1,007
Born in Asia 13,253
Born in Europe 11,961
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 4,216
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 2,062
Cat21 246
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 3.1%
Born in Asia 40.5%
Born in Europe 36.5%
Born in Latin America 12.9%
Born in Northern America 6.3%
Born in Oceania 0.8%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 169,346
Naturalized citizens 68,807
Noncitizens 100,539
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 68,807
Before 1990 9,916
1990-1999 8,333
2000-2009 19,133
2010-2014 15,841
Since 2015 15,584
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 40.6%
Noncitizens 59.4%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 14.4%
1980-1989 12.1%
1990-1999 27.8%
2000-2009 23.0%
Since 2010 22.6%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 80,271
Naturalized citizens 27,569
Noncitizens 52,702
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 34.3%
Noncitizens 65.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 34,119
Naturalized citizens 15,890
Noncitizens 18,229
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 46.6%
Noncitizens 53.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 56,828
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 5,294
% married among women who gave birth
76.0%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
24.0%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 964,998
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 51,701
% married among women who gave birth 64.0%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 36.0%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3
Average family size 4
U.S. Born
Average household size 2
Average family size 3
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 922,990
Only native parent(s)
841,228
One or more foreign-born parents
81,762

Child is native

70,671

Child is foreign born

11,091
Children under age 6 with 304,797
Only native parent(s)
274,087
One or more foreign-born parents
30,710

Child is native

29,346

Child is foreign born

1,364
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 618,193
Only native parent(s)
567,141
One or more foreign-born parents
51,052

Child is native

41,325

Child is foreign born

9,727
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

406,256
Only native parents 359,539
One or more foreign-born parents 46,717
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 91.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 8.9%
Child is native 7.7%
Child is foreign born 1.2%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 89.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 10.1%
Child is native 9.6%
Child is foreign born 0.4%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 91.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 8.3%
Child is native 6.7%
Child is foreign born 1.6%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 88.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 11.5%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 951,152
Only native parent(s) 921,559
One or more foreign-born parents 29,593
Child is native 21,858
Child is foreign born 7,735
Children under age 6 with 305,402
Only native parent(s) 293,942
One or more foreign-born parents 11,460
Child is native 9,802
Child is foreign born 1,658
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 645,750
Only native parent(s) 627,617
One or more foreign-born parents 18,133
Child is native 12,056
Child is foreign born 6,077
Children in Low-Income Families* 415,461
Only native parents 403,271
One or more foreign-born parents 12,190
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 96.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 3.1%
Child is native 2.3%
Child is foreign born 0.8%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 96.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 3.8%
Child is native 3.2%
Child is foreign born 0.5%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 97.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.8%
Child is native 1.9%
Child is foreign born 0.9%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 97.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.9%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 918,500
Only native parent(s) 903,291
One or more foreign-born parents 15,209
Child is native 12,609
Child is foreign born 2,600
Children under age 6 with 294,412
Only native parent(s) 289,184
One or more foreign-born parents 5,228
Child is native 4,671
Child is foreign born 557
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 624,088
Only native parent(s) 614,107
One or more foreign-born parents 9,981
Child is native 7,938
Child is foreign born 2,043
Children in Low-Income Families* 434,288
Only native parents 428,603
One or more foreign-born parents 5,685
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 98.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 1.7%
Child is native 1.4%
Child is foreign born 0.3%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 98.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 1.8%
Child is native 1.6%
Child is foreign born 0.2%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 98.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 1.6%
Child is native 1.3%
Child is foreign born 0.3%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 98.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 1.3%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2018 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas, and Matthew Sobek. Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS) USA: Version 8.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2018. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V8.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.