E.g., 02/23/2018
E.g., 02/23/2018

State Demographics Data - KY

Kentucky

Demographics & Social
2016
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 155,964
% Foreign Born 3.5%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2016 94.3%
% change: 1990-2000 135.3%
Race (%)  
One race 97.6%
White
44.5%
Black or African American
11.4%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.1%
Asian
29.8%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.5%
Other race
11.4%
Two or more races 2.4%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 52,402
% Latino 33.6%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 1.1%
5-17 10.8%
18-64 80.0%
65 and older 8.1%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2012-2016 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2016 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

37.5
Gender (% female) 47.9%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 29.2%
Married 58.3%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 12.6%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 4,281,010
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 8.1%
% change: 1990-2000 8.5%
Race (%)  
One race 97.9%
White 88.7%
Black or African American 8.1%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.3%
Asian 0.3%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.0%
Other race 0.5%
Two or more races 2.1%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 99,518
% Latino 2.3%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 6.3%
5-17 16.9%
18-64 61.0%
65 and older 15.8%
Median Age 38.8
Gender (% female) 51.0%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 29.7%
Married 47.8%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 22.5%
Foreign Born
Number 80,271
% Foreign Born 2.0%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
U.S. Born
Number 3,961,498
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Foreign Born
Number 34,119
% Foreign Born 0.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 3,651,177
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

155,964
Born in Africa 17,454
Born in Asia 57,202
Born in Europe 20,011
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 56,514
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 3,495
Born in Oceania 1,288
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 Cuba
Country #3 China (exc. Taiwan)
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

155,964
Europe 20,011
Northern Europe 4,373
United Kingdom
3,109
Ireland
799
Other Northern Europe
465
Western Europe 6,416
France
649
Germany
5,156
Other Western Europe
611
Southern Europe 903
Italy
360
Portugal
0
Other Southern Europe
543
Eastern Europe 8,319
Poland
223
Russia
1,722
Other Eastern Europe
6,374
Other Europe (no country specified) 0
Asia 57,202
Eastern Asia 13,780
China
5,352

China, excluding Taiwan

4,973

Taiwan

379
Japan
3,696
Korea
4,732
Other Eastern Asia
0
South Central Asia 22,391
India
10,457
Iran
1,444
Other South Central Asia
10,490
Southeastern Asia 14,005
Philippines
3,141
Vietnam
5,349
Other Southeastern Asia
5,515
Western Asia 6,825
Israel
276
Lebanon
461
Other Western Asia
6,088
Other Asia (no country specified) 201
Africa 17,454
Eastern Africa 6,116
Northern Africa
2,150
Western Africa
3,778
Middle and Southern Africa
2,466
Other Africa (no country specified)
2,944
Oceania 1,288
Australia and New Zealand subregion 645
Oceania (no country specified) 643
Americas 60,009
Latin America 56,514
Caribbean
11,499

Cuba

9,174

Jamaica

763

Other Caribbean

1,562
Central America
39,697

Mexico

29,282

El Salvador

2,086

Other Central America

8,329
South America
5,318

Brazil

1,181

Colombia

1,084

Other South America

3,053
Northern America 3,495
Canada
3,495
Other Northern America
0
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 26,840
1990-1999 27,571
2000-2009 55,133
Since 2010 46,420
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 11.2%
Born in Asia 36.7%
Born in Europe 12.8%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 36.2%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 2.2%
Born in Oceania 0.8%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 22.20
Country #2 6.70%
Country #3 5.80
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 12.8%
Northern Europe 2.8%
United Kingdom 2.0%
Ireland 0.5%
Other Northern Europe 0.3%
Western Europe 4.1%
France 0.4%
Germany 3.3%
Other Western Europe 0.4%
Southern Europe 0.6%
Italy 0.2%
Portugal 0.0%
Other Southern Europe 0.3%
Eastern Europe 5.3%
Poland 0.1%
Russia 1.1%
Other Eastern Europe 4.1%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.0%
Asia 36.7%
Eastern Asia 8.8%
China 3.4%
China, excluding Taiwan 3.2%
Taiwan 0.2%
Japan 2.4%
Korea 3.0%
Other Eastern Asia 0.0%
South Central Asia 14.4%
India 6.7%
Iran 0.9%
Other South Central Asia 6.7%
Southeastern Asia 9.0%
Philippines 2.0%
Vietnam 3.4%
Other Southeastern Asia 3.5%
Western Asia 4.4%
Israel 0.2%
Lebanon 0.3%
Other Western Asia 3.9%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.1%
Africa 11.2%
Eastern Africa 3.9%
Northern Africa 1.4%
Western Africa 2.4%
Middle and Southern Africa 1.6%
Other Africa (no country specified) 1.9%
Oceania 0.8%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.4%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.4%
Americas 38.5%
Latin America 36.2%
Caribbean 7.4%
Cuba 5.9%
Jamaica 0.5%
Other Caribbean 1.0%
Central America 25.5%
Mexico 18.8%
El Salvador 1.3%
Other Central America 5.3%
South America 3.4%
Brazil 0.8%
Colombia 0.7%
Other South America 2.0%
Northern America 2.2%
Canada 2.2%
Other Northern America 0.0%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 17.2%
1980-1989 17.7%
1990-1999 35.3%
Since 2000 29.8%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 80,271
Born in Africa 3,229
Born in Asia 26,814
Born in Europe 20,575
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 25,627
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 3,549
Cat28 471
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 Germany
Country #3 India
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 4.0%
Born in Asia 33.4%
Born in Europe 25.6%
Born in Latin America 31.9%
Born in Northern America 4.4%
Born in Oceania 0.6%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 19.30
Country #2 8.30%
Country #3 6.20
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 32,745
Born in Africa 1,007
Born in Asia 13,253
Born in Europe 11,961
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 4,216
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 2,062
Cat21 246
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Germany
Country #2 United Kingdom
Country #3 Korea
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 3.1%
Born in Asia 40.5%
Born in Europe 36.5%
Born in Latin America 12.9%
Born in Northern America 6.3%
Born in Oceania 0.8%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 16.10
Country #2 7.00%
Country #3 6.50%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 155,964
Naturalized citizens 60,913
Noncitizens 95,051
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 60,913
Before 1980 5,696
1980-1989 5,865
1990-1999 7,403
2000-2009 19,042
Since 2010 22,907
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 39.1%
Noncitizens 60.9%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 9.4%
1980-1989 9.6%
1990-1999 12.2%
2000-2009 31.3%
Since 2010 37.6%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 80,271
Naturalized citizens 27,569
Noncitizens 52,702
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 34.3%
Noncitizens 65.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 34,119
Naturalized citizens 15,890
Noncitizens 18,229
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 46.6%
Noncitizens 53.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 49,758
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 3,630
% married among women who gave birth
68.2%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
31.8%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 982,900
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 51,223
% married among women who gave birth 61.1%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 38.9%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2012-2016 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2016 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3.15
Average family size 3.80
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.48
Average family size 3.05
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 927,917
Only native parent(s)
851,582
One or more foreign-born parents
76,335

Child is native

62,762

Child is foreign born

13,573
Children under age 6 with 299,112
Only native parent(s)
273,657
One or more foreign-born parents
25,455

Child is native

23,714

Child is foreign born

1,741
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 628,805
Only native parent(s)
577,925
One or more foreign-born parents
50,880

Child is native

39,048

Child is foreign born

11,832
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

429,563
Only native parents 381,470
One or more foreign-born parents 48,093
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 91.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 8.2%
Child is native 6.8%
Child is foreign born 1.5%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 91.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 8.5%
Child is native 7.9%
Child is foreign born 0.6%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 91.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 8.1%
Child is native 6.2%
Child is foreign born 1.9%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 88.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 11.2%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 951,152
Only native parent(s) 921,559
One or more foreign-born parents 29,593
Child is native 21,858
Child is foreign born 7,735
Children under age 6 with 305,402
Only native parent(s) 293,942
One or more foreign-born parents 11,460
Child is native 9,802
Child is foreign born 1,658
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 645,750
Only native parent(s) 627,617
One or more foreign-born parents 18,133
Child is native 12,056
Child is foreign born 6,077
Children in Low-Income Families* 415,461
Only native parents 403,271
One or more foreign-born parents 12,190
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 96.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 3.1%
Child is native 2.3%
Child is foreign born 0.8%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 96.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 3.8%
Child is native 3.2%
Child is foreign born 0.5%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 97.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.8%
Child is native 1.9%
Child is foreign born 0.9%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 97.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.9%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 918,500
Only native parent(s) 903,291
One or more foreign-born parents 15,209
Child is native 12,609
Child is foreign born 2,600
Children under age 6 with 294,412
Only native parent(s) 289,184
One or more foreign-born parents 5,228
Child is native 4,671
Child is foreign born 557
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 624,088
Only native parent(s) 614,107
One or more foreign-born parents 9,981
Child is native 7,938
Child is foreign born 2,043
Children in Low-Income Families* 434,288
Only native parents 428,603
One or more foreign-born parents 5,685
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 98.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 1.7%
Child is native 1.4%
Child is foreign born 0.3%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 98.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 1.8%
Child is native 1.6%
Child is foreign born 0.2%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 98.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 1.6%
Child is native 1.3%
Child is foreign born 0.3%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 98.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 1.3%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2016 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2012-2016 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2016 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.