E.g., 06/17/2024
E.g., 06/17/2024
State Demographics Data - KY
 

Kentucky

Demographics & Social
2022
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 180,899
% Foreign Born 4.0%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2022 125.4%
% change: 1990-2000 135.3%
Race (%)  
One race 80.7%
White
23.8%
Black or African American
16.2%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.6%
Asian
24.9%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.4%
Other race
14.9%
Two or more races 19.3%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 63,873
% Latino 35.3%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 1.0%
5-17 9.9%
18-64 80.3%
65 and older 8.9%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau’s pooled 2018-2022 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2022 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

38.8
Gender (% female) 50.7%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 29.1%
Married 57.4%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 13.5%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 4,331,411
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 9.3%
% change: 1990-2000 8.5%
Race (%)  
One race 94.5%
White 85.6%
Black or African American 7.3%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.2%
Asian 0.4%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.1%
Other race 1.0%
Two or more races 5.5%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 123,610
% Latino 2.9%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 6.0%
5-17 16.8%
18-64 59.4%
65 and older 17.9%
Median Age 39.5
Gender (% female) 50.5%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 29.8%
Married 49.0%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 21.2%
Foreign Born
Number 80,271
% Foreign Born 2.0%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
U.S. Born
Number 3,961,498
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Foreign Born
Number 34,119
% Foreign Born 0.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 3,651,177
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

180,899
Born in Africa 30,410
Born in Asia 56,107
Born in Europe 20,968
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 68,643
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 3,312
Born in Oceania 1,459
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

 
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

180,899
Europe 20,968
Northern Europe 4,566
United Kingdom
2,914
Ireland
1,397
Other Northern Europe
255
Western Europe 6,870
France
716
Germany
5,415
Other Western Europe
739
Southern Europe 654
Italy
121
Portugal
390
Other Southern Europe
143
Eastern Europe 8,816
Poland
657
Russia
1,297
Other Eastern Europe
6,862
Other Europe (no country specified) 62
Asia 56,107
Eastern Asia 13,427
China
5,623

China, excluding Taiwan

5,077

Taiwan

546
Japan
3,023
Korea
4,726
Other Eastern Asia
55
South Central Asia 20,513
India
12,975
Iran
594
Other South Central Asia
6,944
Southeastern Asia 15,643
Philippines
5,072
Vietnam
4,214
Other Southeastern Asia
6,357
Western Asia 6,054
Israel
213
Lebanon
269
Other Western Asia
5,572
Other Asia (no country specified) 470
Africa 30,410
Eastern Africa 10,851
Northern Africa 4,207
Western Africa 6,112
Middle and Southern Africa 9,000
Other Africa (no country specified) 240
Oceania 1,459
Australia and New Zealand subregion 772
Oceania (no country specified) 687
Americas 71,955
Latin America 68,643
Caribbean
19,496

Cuba

16,345

Jamaica

1,653

Other Caribbean

1,498
Central America
42,077

Mexico

28,839

El Salvador

1,677

Other Central America

11,561
South America
7,070

Brazil

1,300

Colombia

1,246

Other South America

4,524
Northern America 3,312
Canada
3,240
Other Northern America
72
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 22,357
1990-1999 23,982
2000-2009 43,513
Since 2010 91,047
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 16.8%
Born in Asia 31.0%
Born in Europe 11.6%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 37.9%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 1.8%
Born in Oceania 0.8%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 11.6%
Northern Europe 2.5%
United Kingdom 1.6%
Ireland 0.8%
Other Northern Europe 0.1%
Western Europe 3.8%
France 0.4%
Germany 3.0%
Other Western Europe 0.4%
Southern Europe 0.4%
Italy 0.1%
Portugal 0.2%
Other Southern Europe 0.1%
Eastern Europe 4.9%
Poland 0.4%
Russia 0.7%
Other Eastern Europe 3.8%
Other Europe (no country specified) N
Asia 31.0%
Eastern Asia 7.4%
China 3.1%
China, excluding Taiwan 2.8%
Taiwan 0.3%
Japan 1.7%
Korea 2.6%
Other Eastern Asia N
South Central Asia 11.3%
India 7.2%
Iran 0.3%
Other South Central Asia 3.8%
Southeastern Asia 8.6%
Philippines 2.8%
Vietnam 2.3%
Other Southeastern Asia 3.5%
Western Asia 3.3%
Israel 0.1%
Lebanon 0.1%
Other Western Asia 3.1%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.3%
Africa 16.8%
Eastern Africa 6.0%
Northern Africa 2.3%
Western Africa 3.4%
Middle and Southern Africa 5.0%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.1%
Oceania 0.8%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.4%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.4%
Americas 39.8%
Latin America 37.9%
Caribbean 10.8%
Cuba 9.0%
Jamaica 0.9%
Other Caribbean 0.8%
Central America 23.3%
Mexico 15.9%
El Salvador 0.9%
Other Central America 6.4%
South America 3.9%
Brazil 0.7%
Colombia 0.7%
Other South America 2.5%
Northern America 1.8%
Canada 1.8%
Other Northern America N
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 12.4%
1980-1989 13.3%
1990-1999 24.1%
Since 2000 50.3%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 80,271
Born in Africa 3,229
Born in Asia 26,814
Born in Europe 20,575
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 25,627
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 3,549
Cat28 471
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 4.0%
Born in Asia 33.4%
Born in Europe 25.6%
Born in Latin America 31.9%
Born in Northern America 4.4%
Born in Oceania 0.6%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 32,745
Born in Africa 1,007
Born in Asia 13,253
Born in Europe 11,961
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 4,216
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 2,062
Cat21 246
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 3.1%
Born in Asia 40.5%
Born in Europe 36.5%
Born in Latin America 12.9%
Born in Northern America 6.3%
Born in Oceania 0.8%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 180,899
Naturalized citizens 79,749
Noncitizens 101,150
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 79,749
Before 1990 9,587
1990-1999 7,483
2000-2009 17,833
2010-2014 10,183
Since 2015 34,663
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 44.1%
Noncitizens 55.9%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 12.0%
1980-1989 9.4%
1990-1999 22.4%
2000-2009 12.8%
Since 2010 43.5%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 80,271
Naturalized citizens 27,569
Noncitizens 52,702
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 34.3%
Noncitizens 65.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 34,119
Naturalized citizens 15,890
Noncitizens 18,229
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 46.6%
Noncitizens 53.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 59,159
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 3,438
% married among women who gave birth
78.0%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
22.0%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 965,917
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 52,958
% married among women who gave birth 63.9%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 36.1%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S Census Bureau’s pooled 2018-2022 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2022 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3.01
Average family size 3.52
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.38
Average family size 2.95
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers to children between ages 0 and 17 (regardless of their nativity) who reside with at least one parent. This means that the number of children shown here is smaller than the overall number of U.S. children under 18. Since 2013, the U.S. Census Bureau includes children of same-sex married couples in its count of children in families and subfamilies.

 
Children under age 18 with 923,579
Only native parent(s)
838,357
One or more foreign-born parents
85,222

Child is native

69,074

Child is foreign born

16,148
Children under age 6 with 293,846
Only native parent(s)
266,073
One or more foreign-born parents
27,773

Child is native

25,634

Child is foreign born

2,139
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 629,733
Only native parent(s)
572,284
One or more foreign-born parents
57,449

Child is native

43,440

Child is foreign born

14,009
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers to children between ages 0 and 17 (regardless of their nativity) who reside with at least one parent. This means that the number of children shown here is smaller than the overall number of U.S. children under 18. Since 2013, the U.S. Census Bureau includes children of same-sex married couples in its count of children in families and subfamilies. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

388,797
Only native parents 343,381
One or more foreign-born parents 45,416
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 90.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 9.2%
Child is native 7.5%
Child is foreign born 1.7%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 90.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 9.5%
Child is native 8.7%
Child is foreign born 0.7%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 90.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 9.1%
Child is native 6.9%
Child is foreign born 2.2%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 88.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 11.7%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 951,152
Only native parent(s) 921,559
One or more foreign-born parents 29,593
Child is native 21,858
Child is foreign born 7,735
Children under age 6 with 305,402
Only native parent(s) 293,942
One or more foreign-born parents 11,460
Child is native 9,802
Child is foreign born 1,658
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 645,750
Only native parent(s) 627,617
One or more foreign-born parents 18,133
Child is native 12,056
Child is foreign born 6,077
Children in Low-Income Families* 415,461
Only native parents 403,271
One or more foreign-born parents 12,190
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 96.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 3.1%
Child is native 2.3%
Child is foreign born 0.8%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 96.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 3.8%
Child is native 3.2%
Child is foreign born 0.5%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 97.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.8%
Child is native 1.9%
Child is foreign born 0.9%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 97.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.9%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 918,500
Only native parent(s) 903,291
One or more foreign-born parents 15,209
Child is native 12,609
Child is foreign born 2,600
Children under age 6 with 294,412
Only native parent(s) 289,184
One or more foreign-born parents 5,228
Child is native 4,671
Child is foreign born 557
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 624,088
Only native parent(s) 614,107
One or more foreign-born parents 9,981
Child is native 7,938
Child is foreign born 2,043
Children in Low-Income Families* 434,288
Only native parents 428,603
One or more foreign-born parents 5,685
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 98.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 1.7%
Child is native 1.4%
Child is foreign born 0.3%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 98.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 1.8%
Child is native 1.6%
Child is foreign born 0.2%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 98.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 1.6%
Child is native 1.3%
Child is foreign born 0.3%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 98.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 1.3%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2022 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, click here. For ACS methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Matthew Sobek, Daniel Backman, Annie Chen, Grace Cooper, Stephanie Richards, Renae Rogers, and Megan Schouweiler. IPUMS USA: Version 14.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2023. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V14.0​.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • Race and Hispanic origin: In preparation for the 2020 Decennial Census, the Census Bureau has made some improvements and changes in how the respondents were asked about their race and Hispanic origin on the 2020 decennial Census form. The goal was to achieve a more accurate portrait of how U.S. residents self-identify. The same changes in the questionnaire design were implemented in the subsequent ACS as well. Note that the racial composition of the U.S. population in the current ACS looks different from pre-2020 data. For instance, the proportion of people who reported “two or more races” has increased, while the proportion of “white alone” decreased, reflecting both the growth of a more racially diverse population and the changes in the questionnaire design. Race and Hispanic origin comparisons between the current ACS and pre-2020 data should be made with caution, taking into account the changes in the questionnaire design. For more details, visit the Census Bureau’s Resource Library.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2018-2022 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2022 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Children: The data here include children between ages 0 and 17 (regardless of their nativity) who reside with at least one parent. This means that the number of children shown here is smaller than the overall number of U.S. children under 18. Since 2013, the U.S. Census Bureau has included children of same-sex married couples in its count of children in families and subfamilies.