E.g., 10/25/2020
E.g., 10/25/2020

State Income Data - KY

Kentucky

Income & Poverty
2018
2000
1990
Poverty

Note: Poverty status is not determined for unrelated individuals under the age of 15 (such as foster children) or for persons lacking conventional housing.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%)

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.

164,744
Below 100% of the poverty level 18.5%
100-199% of the poverty level 26.8%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 54.7%
People in Poverty: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2018 139.5%
% change: 1990-2000 189.6%
% Families in Poverty by Family Type

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.

 
All families (among those for whom poverty status is determined) 17.8%
With related children under age 18
24.3%
With related children under age 5
19.9%
Married-couple families 9.9%
With related children under age 18
12.9%
With related children under age 5
5.5%
Families with female householder, no husband present 38.5%
With related children under age 18
54.8%
With related children under age 5
71.7%
Poverty by U.S. Citizenship Status (among the foreign born)  
Naturalized citizens 67,186
Below 100% of the poverty level
8.3%
100-199% of the poverty level
19.2%
At or above 200% of the poverty level
72.5%
Noncitizens 97,558
Below 100% of the poverty level
25.6%
100-199% of the poverty level
32.0%
At or above 200% of the poverty level
42.4%
Foreign Born Living in Poverty by Region of Birth

Note: The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Born in Africa N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N
Born in Asia N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N
Born in Europe 22,982
Below 100% of the poverty level
8.2%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 66,309
Below 100% of the poverty level
23.2%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N
Born in Oceania N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 4,161,561
Below 100% of the poverty level 16.8%
100-199% of the poverty level 19.5%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 63.7%
People in Poverty: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 14.7%
% change: 1990-2000 -8.3%
% Families in Poverty by Family Type  
All families (among those for whom poverty status is determined) 12.4%
With related children under age 18
19.6%
With related children under age 5
20.3%
Married-couple families 6.4%
With related children under age 18
9.0%
With related children under age 5
7.3%
Families with female householder, no husband present 34.0%
With related children under age 18
45.0%
With related children under age 5
55.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 75,308
Below 100% of the poverty level 16.9%
100-199% of the poverty level 22.9%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 60.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 3,858,530
Below 100% of the poverty level 15.8%
100-199% of the poverty level 20.1%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 64.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 29,099
Below 100% of the poverty level 15.1%
100-199% of the poverty level 16.5%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 68.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 3,534,982
Below 100% of the poverty level 18.8%
100-199% of the poverty level 21.7%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 59.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Poverty by Language Spoken at Home Number
Household population (among those for whom poverty status is determined, age 5 and older) 4,060,569
Below 100% of the poverty level 665,081
Speaks only English
3,832,674
Below 100% of the poverty level 619,372
Speaks Spanish
112,024
Below 100% of the poverty level 23,798
Speaks other Indo-European languages
56,695
Below 100% of the poverty level 8,589
Speaks Asian or Pacific Island languages
39,009
Below 100% of the poverty level 7,296
Speaks other languages
20,167
Below 100% of the poverty level 6,026
%
Household population (among those for whom poverty status is determined, age 5 and older) 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 16.4%
Speaks only English 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 16.2%
Speaks only Spanish 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 21.2%
Speaks other Indo-European languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 15.1%
Speaks Asian or Pacific Island languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 18.7%
Speaks other languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 29.9%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Earnings

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.

Foreign Born
Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older). Earnings in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) 70,270
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss 2.7%
Earned $10,000-$14,999 3.0%
Earned $15,000-$24,999 20.8%
Earned $25,000-$34,999 23.2%
Earned $35,000-$49,999 16.5%
Earned $50,000-$74,999 15.1%
Earned $75,000 or more 18.6%
Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) Earnings in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) by U.S. Citizenship  
Naturalized citizens (%) 30,925
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss
1.6%
Earned $10,000-$14,999
1.0%
Earned $15,000-$24,999
16.7%
Earned $25,000-$34,999
17.8%
Earned $35,000-$49,999
18.3%
Earned $50,000-$74,999
18.8%
Earned $75,000 or more
25.8%
Noncitizens (%) 39,345
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss
3.5%
Earned $10,000-$14,999
4.7%
Earned $15,000-$24,999
24.1%
Earned $25,000-$34,999
27.5%
Earned $35,000-$49,999
15.0%
Earned $50,000-$74,999
12.3%
Earned $75,000 or more
12.9%
Median Earnings of Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars by Gender Foreign Born
Male $37,135
Female $30,947
Median Earnings of Foreign-Born Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars by U.S. Citizenship Status and Gender  
Naturalized citizens  
Male
$51,206
Female
$37,776
Noncitizens  
Male
$32,347
Female
$26,957
U.S. Born
Earnings of Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) 1,364,083
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss 1.7%
Earned $10,000-$14,999 3.5%
Earned $15,000-$24,999 13.2%
Earned $25,000-$34,999 18.1%
Earned $35,000-$49,999 22.4%
Earned $50,000-$74,999 22.7%
Earned $75,000 or more 18.4%
Nothing 1  
Nothing 2  
Nothing 3  
Nothing 4  
Nothing 5  
Nothing 6  
Nothing 7  
Nothing 8  
Nothing 9  
Nothing 10  
Nothing 11  
Nothing 12  
Nothing 13  
Nothing 14  
Nothing 15  
Nothing 16  
Nothing 17  
Native Born Native Born
Male $48,023
Female $37,655
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Median Household Income

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.

Foreign Born
Median Household Income $45,094
Median Household Income by U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized citizens $60,706
Noncitizens $37,733
U.S. Born
Median Household Income $50,427
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
Home Ownership Rate

Note: 1) Refers to the percentage owner households represent among all occupied households. 2) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS. 3) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Home Ownership Rate 44.2%
Home Ownership Rate by Householder's U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized citizens 63.9%
Noncitizens 27.3%
U.S. Born
Home Ownership Rate 68.3%
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
Health Insurance Coverage

Note: Since some people may hold both private and public health insurance coverage at the same time, estimates of those with private health insurance and those with public coverage may overlap. Their sum therefore may be greater than the total number of people with health insurance.

Foreign Born
Civilian noninstitutionalized population (%) 167,860
With health insurance 74.7%
With private health insurance
55.6%
With public coverage
25.9%
No health insurance coverage 25.3%
Health Insurance Coverage by U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized Citizens (%) 67,898
With health insurance 91.2%
With private health insurance
68.2%
With public coverage
36.1%
No health insurance coverage 8.8%
Noncitizens (%) 99,962
With health insurance 63.5%
With private health insurance
47.0%
With public coverage
18.9%
No health insurance coverage 36.5%
U.S. Born
Civilian noninstitutionalized population (%) 4,220,344
With health insurance 95.1%
With private health insurance
64.6%
With public coverage
44.2%
No health insurance coverage 4.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2018 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas, and Matthew Sobek. Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS) USA: Version 8.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2018. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V8.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • Poverty status is not determined for unrelated individuals under the age of 15 (such as foster children) or for persons lacking conventional housing. 
  • The term “home ownership rate” refers to the percentage owner households represent among all occupied households.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Poverty,” “Earnings,” “Median Household Income,” and “Home Ownership Rate”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.
  • In the “% Families in Poverty by Family Type” section, “related children” refer to “related children of the householder.”
  • “Health Insurance Coverage”: Private coverage includes employer- or union-provided insurance, insurance purchased directly, and TRICARE (the health program of the U.S. military) or other military health care. Public coverage includes Medicare, Medicaid, or another governmental medical assistance program, and Veterans Administration health care. Individuals can be covered by more than one type of insurance, and they can be covered by both private and public insurers. Since some people may hold both private and public health insurance coverage at the same time, estimates of those with private health insurance and those with public coverage may overlap. Their sum therefore may be greater than the total number of people with health insurance.