E.g., 11/12/2019
E.g., 11/12/2019

State Language Data - AZ

Arizona

Language & Education
2017
2000
1990
English Proficiency

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 917,759
Speak only English 16.3%
Speak English "very well" 35.4%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 48.3%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2017 22.4%
% change: 1990-2000 172.0%
English Proficiency of the Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status (age 5 and older)*

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English. Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS.

 
Naturalized citizens 400,111
Speak only English 21.6%
Speak English "very well" 41.5%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 36.9%
Noncitizens 517,648
Speak only English 12.1%
Speak English "very well" 30.8%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 57.1%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 5,663,470
Speak only English 81.7%
Speak English ""very well"" 15.9%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2.3%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 -26.0%
% change: 1990-2000 26.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 643,640
Speak only English 15.1%
"Speak English ""very well"" 28.7%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 56.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 4,109,084
Speak only English 83.4%
"Speak English ""very well"" 12.3%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 271,380
Speak only English 20.1%
"Speak English ""very well"" 30.9%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 49.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 3,090,890
Speak only English 84.5%
"Speak English ""very well"" 11.0%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (by age and English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Ages 5-17 1,197,687
Speak only English 846,238
Speak language other than English 351,449
Speak English "very well"
308,900
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
42,549
Speak Spanish 299,616
Speak English "very well"
265,412
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
34,204
Ages 18-64 4,182,692
Speak only English 2,928,881
Speak language other than English 1,253,811
Speak English "very well"
813,889
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
439,922
Speak Spanish 947,380
Speak English "very well"
597,453
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
349,927
65 and Older 1,200,850
Speak only English 1,003,173
Speak language other than English 197,677
Speak English "very well"
105,285
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
92,392
Speak Spanish 128,371
Speak English "very well"
67,760
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
60,611
%
65 and Older 100%
Speak only English 70.7%
Speak language other than English 29.3%
Speak English "very well" 25.8%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 3.6%
Speak Spanish 25.0%
Speak English "very well" 22.2%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 2.9%
Ages 18-64 100%
Speak only English 70.0%
Speak language other than English 30.0%
Speak English "very well" 19.5%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 10.5%
Speak Spanish 22.7%
Speak English "very well" 14.3%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 8.4%
Ages 5-17 100%
Speak only English 83.5%
Speak language other than English 16.5%
Speak English "very well" 8.8%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 7.7%
Speak Spanish 10.7%
Speak English "very well" 5.6%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 5.0%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)

Note: 1) The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English. 2) Data for Alaska, Hawaii, Idaho, Maine, Montana, New Mexico, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS.

Number
Total Household Population, Age 5 and Older 6,581,229
Speak only English 4,778,292
Speak language other than English 1,802,937
Spanish 1,375,367
Speak English "very well" 930,625
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 444,742
French (Including Cajun) 15,109
Speak English "very well" 13,265
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,844
Haitian 1,169
Speak English "very well" 580
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 589
Italian 6,219
Speak English "very well" 5,280
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 939
Portuguese 3,613
Speak English "very well" 2,592
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,021
German 18,465
Speak English "very well" 16,433
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,032
Yiddish, Pennsylvania Dutch or Other West Germanic Languages 2,671
Speak English "very well" 2,671
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Russian 7,412
Speak English "very well" 4,513
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,899
Polish 5,767
Speak English "very well" 3,925
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,842
Other Slavic Languages 9,795
Speak English "very well" 6,345
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,450
Armenian 1,167
Speak English "very well" 971
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 196
Persian (including Farsi, Dari) 4,305
Speak English "very well" 3,085
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,220
Gujarati 5,298
Speak English "very well" 3,713
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,585
Hindi 14,142
Speak English "very well" 12,046
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,096
Urdu 3,169
Speak English "very well" 2,623
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 546
Punjabi 4,177
Speak English "very well" 2,684
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,493
Bengali 2,310
Speak English "very well" 1,401
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 909
Nepali, Marathi, or Other Indic Languages 5,649
Speak English "very well" 4,392
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,257
Other Indo-European Languages 15,526
Speak English "very well" 10,873
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,653
Telugu 6,571
Speak English "very well" 4,794
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,777
Tamil 7,003
Speak English "very well" 6,344
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 659
Malayalam, Kannada, or Other Dravidian Languages 3,656
Speak English "very well" 3,178
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 478
Chinese (including Mandarin, Cantonese) 33,982
Speak English "very well" 15,994
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 17,988
Japanese 6,721
Speak English "very well" 4,279
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,442
Korean 9,204
Speak English "very well" 5,258
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,946
Hmong 105
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 105
Vietnamese 23,262
Speak English "very well" 9,686
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 13,576
Khmer 1,685
Speak English "very well" 756
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 929
Thai, Lao, or Other Tai-Kadai Languages 4,051
Speak English "very well" 2,198
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,853
Other Languages of Asia 4,551
Speak English "very well" 1,772
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,779
Tagalog (including Filipino) 25,946
Speak English "very well" 19,709
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 6,237
Ilocano, Samoan, Hawaiian, or Other Austronesian Languages 7,075
Speak English "very well" 4,634
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,441
Arabic 22,012
Speak English "very well" 12,534
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 9,478
Hebrew 3,299
Speak English "very well" 1,996
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,303
Amharic, Somali, or Other Afro-Asiatic Languages 8,385
Speak English "very well" 4,103
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,282
Yoruba, Twi, Igbo, or Other Languages of Western Africa 3,784
Speak English "very well" 2,286
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,498
Swahili or Other Languages of Central, Eastern, and Southern Africa 11,552
Speak English "very well" 6,168
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 5,384
Native Languages of North America 113,271
Speak English "very well" 90,166
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 23,105
Other and Unspecified Languages 5,492
Speak English "very well" 4,202
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,290
%
Field 306 100%
Field 307 72.6%
Field 308 27.4%
Field 310 100%
Field 310 67.7%
Field 310 32.3%
Field 313 100%
Field 314 87.8%
Field 315 12.2%
Field 316 100%
Field 316 49.6%
Field 316 50.4%
Field 319 100%
Field 319 84.9%
Field 319 15.1%
Field 322 100%
Field 322 71.7%
Field 322 28.3%
Field 325 100%
Field 325 89.0%
Field 325 11.0%
Field 328 100%
Field 328 100.0%
Field 328 N
Field 331 100%
Field 331 60.9%
Field 331 39.1%
Field 334 100%
Field 334 68.1%
Field 334 31.9%
Field 337 100%
Field 337 64.8%
Field 337 35.2%
Field 340 100%
Field 340 83.2%
Field 340 16.8%
Field 343 100%
Field 343 71.7%
Field 343 28.3%
Field 346 100%
Field 346 70.1%
Field 346 29.9%
Field 349 100%
Field 349 85.2%
Field 349 14.8%
Field 352 100%
Field 352 82.8%
Field 352 17.2%
Field 355 100%
Field 355 64.3%
Field 355 35.7%
Field 358 100%
Field 358 60.6%
Field 358 39.4%
Field 361 100%
Field 361 77.7%
Field 361 22.3%
Field 364 100%
Field 364 70.0%
Field 364 30.0%
Field 367 100%
Field 367 73.0%
Field 367 27.0%
Field 370 100%
Field 370 90.6%
Field 370 9.4%
Field 373 100%
Field 373 86.9%
Field 373 13.1%
Field 376 100%
Field 376 47.1%
Field 376 52.9%
Field 379 100%
Field 379 63.7%
Field 379 36.3%
Field 382 100%
Field 382 57.1%
Field 382 42.9%
Field 385 100%
Field 385 N
Field 385 100.0%
Field 388 100%
Field 388 41.6%
Field 388 58.4%
Field 391 100%
Field 391 44.9%
Field 391 55.1%
Field 394 100%
Field 394 54.3%
Field 394 45.7%
Field 397 100%
Field 397 38.9%
Field 397 61.1%
Field 400 100%
Field 400 76.0%
Field 400 24.0%
Field 403 100%
Field 403 65.5%
Field 403 34.5%
Field 406 100%
Field 406 56.9%
Field 406 43.1%
Field 409 100%
Field 409 60.5%
Field 409 39.5%
Field 412 100%
Field 412 48.9%
Field 412 51.1%
Field 415 100%
Field 415 60.4%
Field 415 39.6%
Field 418 100%
Field 418 53.4%
Field 418 46.6%
Field 421 100%
Field 421 79.6%
Field 421 20.4%
Field 424 100%
Field 424 76.5%
Field 424 23.5%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Educational Attainment Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 811,665
Less than high school diploma 34.5%
High school diploma or GED 23.4%
Some college or associate's degree 19.3%
Bachelor's degree 13.2%
Graduate or professional degree 9.7%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 46.2%
Bachelor's degree or higher 13.4%
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2017 21.2%
% change: 1990-2000 125.9%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2017 147.9%
% change: 1990-2000 157.7%
Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status (foreign-born adults, age 25 and older)

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Naturalized citizens (%) 373,606
Less than high school diploma 24.7%
High school diploma or GED 22.2%
Some college or associate's degree 24.9%
Bachelor's degree 16.4%
Graduate or professional degree 11.7%
Noncitizens (%) 438,059
Less than high school diploma 42.8%
High school diploma or GED 24.3%
Some college or associate's degree 14.5%
Bachelor's degree 10.5%
Graduate or professional degree 8%
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 3,899,697
Less than high school diploma 8.3%
High school diploma or GED 24.3%
Some college or associate's degree 36.7%
Bachelor's degree 19.4%
Graduate or professional degree 11.3%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Nothing  
Nothing  
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2011 -16.8%
% change: 1990-2000 0.3%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2011 72.3%
% change: 1990-2000 60.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 476,607
Less than high school diploma 48.4%
High school diploma or GED 18.7%
Some college or associate's degree 17.2%
Bachelor's degree 8.9%
Graduate or professional degree 6.8%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 37.1%
Bachelor's degree or higher 9.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 2,783,320
Less than high school diploma 14.0%
High school diploma or GED 25.3%
Some college or associate's degree 35.7%
Bachelor's degree 16.3%
Graduate or professional degree 8.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 206,614
Less than high school diploma 49.5%
High school diploma or GED 18.4%
Some college or associate's degree 18.1%
Bachelor's degree 7.6%
Graduate or professional degree 6.5%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 20.8%
Bachelor's degree or higher 6.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 2,089,870
Less than high school diploma 18.6%
High school diploma or GED 27.1%
Some college or associate's degree 33.5%
Bachelor's degree 13.9%
Graduate or professional degree 6.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2017 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas, and Matthew Sobek. Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS) USA: Version 8.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2018. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V8.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English “not at all,” “not well,” or “well” on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English “very well” are considered proficient in English.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “English proficiency of the foreign born by U.S. citizenship status” and “Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS. 
  • For “Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)”: Data for Alaska, Arkansas, Hawaii, Idaho, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, New Mexico, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS.