E.g., 10/22/2020
E.g., 10/22/2020

State Language Data - AZ

Arizona

Language & Education
2018
2000
1990
English Proficiency

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 953,173
Speak only English 16.3%
Speak English "very well" 36.7%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 47.0%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2018 23.8%
% change: 1990-2000 172.0%
English Proficiency of the Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status (age 5 and older)*

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English. Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.

 
Naturalized citizens 430,329
Speak only English 20.7%
Speak English "very well" 43.1%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 36.2%
Noncitizens 522,844
Speak only English 12.7%
Speak English "very well" 31.4%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 55.9%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 5,784,441
Speak only English 81.7%
Speak English ""very well"" 16.0%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2.3%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 -26.4%
% change: 1990-2000 26.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 643,640
Speak only English 15.1%
"Speak English ""very well"" 28.7%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 56.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 4,109,084
Speak only English 83.4%
"Speak English ""very well"" 12.3%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 271,380
Speak only English 20.1%
"Speak English ""very well"" 30.9%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 49.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 3,090,890
Speak only English 84.5%
"Speak English ""very well"" 11.0%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (by age and English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Ages 5-17 1,207,967
Speak only English 861,031
Speak language other than English 346,936
Speak English "very well"
302,281
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
44,655
Speak Spanish 288,077
Speak English "very well"
251,319
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
36,758
Ages 18-64 4,270,544
Speak only English 2,974,343
Speak language other than English 1,296,201
Speak English "very well"
854,405
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
441,796
Speak Spanish 969,802
Speak English "very well"
616,611
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
353,191
65 and Older 1,259,103
Speak only English 1,046,893
Speak language other than English 212,210
Speak English "very well"
119,502
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
92,708
Speak Spanish 137,236
Speak English "very well"
75,505
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
61,731
%
65 and Older 100%
Speak only English 71.3%
Speak language other than English 28.7%
Speak English "very well" 25.0%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 3.7%
Speak Spanish 23.8%
Speak English "very well" 20.8%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 3.0%
Ages 18-64 100%
Speak only English 69.6%
Speak language other than English 30.4%
Speak English "very well" 20.0%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 10.3%
Speak Spanish 22.7%
Speak English "very well" 14.4%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 8.3%
Ages 5-17 100%
Speak only English 83.1%
Speak language other than English 16.9%
Speak English "very well" 9.5%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 7.4%
Speak Spanish 10.9%
Speak English "very well" 6.0%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 4.9%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)

Note: 1) The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English. 2) Data for Alaska, Delaware, Hawaii, Idaho, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.

Number
Total Household Population, Age 5 and Older 6,737,614
Speak only English 4,882,267
Speak language other than English 1,855,347
Spanish 1,395,115
Speak English "very well" 943,435
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 451,680
French (Including Cajun) 17,414
Speak English "very well" 14,215
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,199
Haitian 580
Speak English "very well" 342
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 238
Italian 7,748
Speak English "very well" 6,251
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,497
Portuguese 3,918
Speak English "very well" 3,368
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 550
German 19,481
Speak English "very well" 17,902
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,579
Yiddish, Pennsylvania Dutch or Other West Germanic Languages 4,616
Speak English "very well" 4,376
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 240
Russian 7,613
Speak English "very well" 5,451
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,162
Polish 5,932
Speak English "very well" 4,162
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,770
Other Slavic Languages 10,831
Speak English "very well" 7,282
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,549
Armenian 1,927
Speak English "very well" 1,280
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 647
Persian (including Farsi, Dari) 9,546
Speak English "very well" 7,233
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,313
Gujarati 2,909
Speak English "very well" 2,062
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 847
Hindi 15,394
Speak English "very well" 13,211
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,183
Urdu 3,727
Speak English "very well" 3,399
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 328
Punjabi 3,675
Speak English "very well" 2,673
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,002
Bengali 3,216
Speak English "very well" 2,302
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 914
Nepali, Marathi, or Other Indic Languages 6,662
Speak English "very well" 4,813
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,849
Other Indo-European Languages 16,855
Speak English "very well" 12,117
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,738
Telugu 8,922
Speak English "very well" 7,305
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,617
Tamil 4,741
Speak English "very well" 4,211
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 530
Malayalam, Kannada, or Other Dravidian Languages 3,616
Speak English "very well" 3,231
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 385
Chinese (including Mandarin, Cantonese) 35,985
Speak English "very well" 20,176
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 15,809
Japanese 9,047
Speak English "very well" 5,870
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,177
Korean 8,363
Speak English "very well" 4,497
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,866
Hmong 356
Speak English "very well" 356
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Vietnamese 23,047
Speak English "very well" 10,038
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 13,009
Khmer 2,243
Speak English "very well" 1,165
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,078
Thai, Lao, or Other Tai-Kadai Languages 5,215
Speak English "very well" 3,253
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,962
Other Languages of Asia 3,665
Speak English "very well" 1,619
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,046
Tagalog (including Filipino) 27,004
Speak English "very well" 20,995
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 6,009
Ilocano, Samoan, Hawaiian, or Other Austronesian Languages 6,340
Speak English "very well" 4,399
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,941
Arabic 26,243
Speak English "very well" 17,884
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 8,359
Hebrew 2,818
Speak English "very well" 2,262
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 556
Amharic, Somali, or Other Afro-Asiatic Languages 12,805
Speak English "very well" 8,525
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,280
Yoruba, Twi, Igbo, or Other Languages of Western Africa 4,772
Speak English "very well" 2,836
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,936
Swahili or Other Languages of Central, Eastern, and Southern Africa 13,436
Speak English "very well" 6,484
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 6,952
Native Languages of North America 115,690
Speak English "very well" 92,143
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 23,547
Other and Unspecified Languages 3,880
Speak English "very well" 3,065
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 815
%
Field 306 100%
Field 307 72.5%
Field 308 27.5%
Field 310 100%
Field 310 67.6%
Field 310 32.4%
Field 313 100%
Field 314 81.6%
Field 315 18.4%
Field 316 100%
Field 316 59.0%
Field 316 41.0%
Field 319 100%
Field 319 80.7%
Field 319 19.3%
Field 322 100%
Field 322 86.0%
Field 322 14.0%
Field 325 100%
Field 325 91.9%
Field 325 8.1%
Field 328 100%
Field 328 94.8%
Field 328 5.2%
Field 331 100%
Field 331 71.6%
Field 331 28.4%
Field 334 100%
Field 334 70.2%
Field 334 29.8%
Field 337 100%
Field 337 67.2%
Field 337 32.8%
Field 340 100%
Field 340 66.4%
Field 340 33.6%
Field 343 100%
Field 343 75.8%
Field 343 24.2%
Field 346 100%
Field 346 70.9%
Field 346 29.1%
Field 349 100%
Field 349 85.8%
Field 349 14.2%
Field 352 100%
Field 352 91.2%
Field 352 8.8%
Field 355 100%
Field 355 72.7%
Field 355 27.3%
Field 358 100%
Field 358 71.6%
Field 358 28.4%
Field 361 100%
Field 361 72.2%
Field 361 27.8%
Field 364 100%
Field 364 71.9%
Field 364 28.1%
Field 367 100%
Field 367 81.9%
Field 367 18.1%
Field 370 100%
Field 370 88.8%
Field 370 11.2%
Field 373 100%
Field 373 89.4%
Field 373 10.6%
Field 376 100%
Field 376 56.1%
Field 376 43.9%
Field 379 100%
Field 379 64.9%
Field 379 35.1%
Field 382 100%
Field 382 53.8%
Field 382 46.2%
Field 385 100%
Field 385 100.0%
Field 385 N
Field 388 100%
Field 388 43.6%
Field 388 56.4%
Field 391 100%
Field 391 51.9%
Field 391 48.1%
Field 394 100%
Field 394 62.4%
Field 394 37.6%
Field 397 100%
Field 397 44.2%
Field 397 55.8%
Field 400 100%
Field 400 77.7%
Field 400 22.3%
Field 403 100%
Field 403 69.4%
Field 403 30.6%
Field 406 100%
Field 406 68.1%
Field 406 31.9%
Field 409 100%
Field 409 80.3%
Field 409 19.7%
Field 412 100%
Field 412 66.6%
Field 412 33.4%
Field 415 100%
Field 415 59.4%
Field 415 40.6%
Field 418 100%
Field 418 48.3%
Field 418 51.7%
Field 421 100%
Field 421 79.6%
Field 421 20.4%
Field 424 100%
Field 424 79.0%
Field 424 21.0%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Educational Attainment Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 847,234
Less than high school diploma 33.0%
High school diploma or GED 22.9%
Some college or associate's degree 21.2%
Bachelor's degree 12.8%
Graduate or professional degree 10.1%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 46.2%
Bachelor's degree or higher 13.5%
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2018 21.2%
% change: 1990-2000 125.9%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2018 158.4%
% change: 1990-2000 157.7%
Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status (foreign-born adults, age 25 and older)

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Naturalized citizens (%) 402,113
Less than high school diploma 24.2%
High school diploma or GED 21.6%
Some college or associate's degree 26.4%
Bachelor's degree 15.7%
Graduate or professional degree 12.1%
Noncitizens (%) 445,121
Less than high school diploma 41%
High school diploma or GED 24.1%
Some college or associate's degree 16.4%
Bachelor's degree 10.2%
Graduate or professional degree 8.3%
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 3,993,070
Less than high school diploma 8.2%
High school diploma or GED 24.2%
Some college or associate's degree 36.5%
Bachelor's degree 19.8%
Graduate or professional degree 11.4%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Nothing  
Nothing  
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2011 -16.5%
% change: 1990-2000 0.3%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2011 79.1%
% change: 1990-2000 60.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 476,607
Less than high school diploma 48.4%
High school diploma or GED 18.7%
Some college or associate's degree 17.2%
Bachelor's degree 8.9%
Graduate or professional degree 6.8%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 37.1%
Bachelor's degree or higher 9.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 2,783,320
Less than high school diploma 14.0%
High school diploma or GED 25.3%
Some college or associate's degree 35.7%
Bachelor's degree 16.3%
Graduate or professional degree 8.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 206,614
Less than high school diploma 49.5%
High school diploma or GED 18.4%
Some college or associate's degree 18.1%
Bachelor's degree 7.6%
Graduate or professional degree 6.5%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 20.8%
Bachelor's degree or higher 6.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 2,089,870
Less than high school diploma 18.6%
High school diploma or GED 27.1%
Some college or associate's degree 33.5%
Bachelor's degree 13.9%
Graduate or professional degree 6.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2018 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas, and Matthew Sobek. Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS) USA: Version 8.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2018. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V8.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English “not at all,” “not well,” or “well” on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English “very well” are considered proficient in English.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “English proficiency of the foreign born by U.S. citizenship status” and “Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS. 
  • For “Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)”: Data for Alaska, Delaware, Hawaii, Idaho, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.