E.g., 02/20/2018
E.g., 02/20/2018

State Demographics Data - AZ

Arizona

Demographics & Social
2016
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 934,883
% Foreign Born 13.5%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2016 42.5%
% change: 1990-2000 135.9%
Race (%)  
One race 98.2%
White
56.9%
Black or African American
3.3%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.6%
Asian
16.1%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.3%
Other race
21.1%
Two or more races 1.8%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 563,021
% Latino 60.2%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.7%
5-17 4.7%
18-64 78.8%
65 and older 15.7%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2012-2016 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2016 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

44.9
Gender (% female) 51.3%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 22.3%
Married 59.8%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 17.9%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 5,996,188
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 34.0%
% change: 1990-2000 32.1%
Race (%)  
One race 96.1%
White 78.8%
Black or African American 4.5%
American Indian and Alaska Native 5.0%
Asian 1.2%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.2%
Other race 6.5%
Two or more races 3.9%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 1,581,754
% Latino 26.4%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 7.2%
5-17 19.2%
18-64 56.6%
65 and older 17.1%
Median Age 35.4
Gender (% female) 50.1%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 35.5%
Married 44.4%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 20.2%
Foreign Born
Number 656,183
% Foreign Born 12.8%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 4,474,449
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 278,205
% Foreign Born 7.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 3,387,023
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

934,770
Born in Africa 30,428
Born in Asia 191,977
Born in Europe 86,022
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 575,803
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 44,701
Born in Oceania 5,839
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 Canada
Country #3 India
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

934,770
Europe 86,022
Northern Europe 24,351
United Kingdom
19,087
Ireland
1,736
Other Northern Europe
3,528
Western Europe 23,916
France
2,950
Germany
16,519
Other Western Europe
4,447
Southern Europe 8,359
Italy
4,948
Portugal
289
Other Southern Europe
3,122
Eastern Europe 28,843
Poland
4,972
Russia
4,693
Other Eastern Europe
19,178
Other Europe (no country specified) 553
Asia 191,977
Eastern Asia 45,127
China
29,363

China, excluding Taiwan

24,643

Taiwan

4,720
Japan
4,278
Korea
11,417
Other Eastern Asia
69
South Central Asia 50,599
India
36,157
Iran
5,043
Other South Central Asia
9,399
Southeastern Asia 64,800
Philippines
32,665
Vietnam
19,374
Other Southeastern Asia
12,761
Western Asia 30,800
Israel
2,805
Lebanon
1,361
Other Western Asia
26,634
Other Asia (no country specified) 651
Africa 30,428
Eastern Africa 9,446
Northern Africa
5,555
Western Africa
7,305
Middle and Southern Africa
5,943
Other Africa (no country specified)
2,179
Oceania 5,839
Australia and New Zealand subregion 3,067
Oceania (no country specified) 2,772
Americas 620,504
Latin America 575,803
Caribbean
14,715

Cuba

7,575

Jamaica

2,846

Other Caribbean

4,294
Central America
541,946

Mexico

509,931

El Salvador

9,698

Other Central America

22,317
South America
19,142

Brazil

2,416

Colombia

5,042

Other South America

11,684
Northern America 44,701
Canada
44,662
Other Northern America
39
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 314,656
1990-1999 234,784
2000-2009 231,247
Since 2010 154,196
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 3.3%
Born in Asia 20.5%
Born in Europe 9.2%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 61.6%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 4.8%
Born in Oceania 0.6%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 58.80
Country #2 5.00%
Country #3 3.40
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 9.2%
Northern Europe 2.6%
United Kingdom 2.0%
Ireland 0.2%
Other Northern Europe 0.4%
Western Europe 2.6%
France 0.3%
Germany 1.8%
Other Western Europe 0.5%
Southern Europe 0.9%
Italy 0.5%
Portugal 0.0%
Other Southern Europe 0.3%
Eastern Europe 3.1%
Poland 0.5%
Russia 0.5%
Other Eastern Europe 2.1%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.1%
Asia 20.5%
Eastern Asia 4.8%
China 3.1%
China, excluding Taiwan 2.6%
Taiwan 0.5%
Japan 0.5%
Korea 1.2%
Other Eastern Asia 0.0%
South Central Asia 5.4%
India 3.9%
Iran 0.5%
Other South Central Asia 1.0%
Southeastern Asia 6.9%
Philippines 3.5%
Vietnam 2.1%
Other Southeastern Asia 1.4%
Western Asia 3.3%
Israel 0.3%
Lebanon 0.1%
Other Western Asia 2.8%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.1%
Africa 3.3%
Eastern Africa 1.0%
Northern Africa 0.6%
Western Africa 0.8%
Middle and Southern Africa 0.6%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.2%
Oceania 0.6%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.3%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.3%
Americas 66.4%
Latin America 61.6%
Caribbean 1.6%
Cuba 0.8%
Jamaica 0.3%
Other Caribbean 0.5%
Central America 58.0%
Mexico 54.6%
El Salvador 1.0%
Other Central America 2.4%
South America 2.0%
Brazil 0.3%
Colombia 0.5%
Other South America 1.2%
Northern America 4.8%
Canada 4.8%
Other Northern America 0.0%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 33.7%
1980-1989 25.1%
1990-1999 24.7%
Since 2000 16.5%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 656,183
Born in Africa 8,475
Born in Asia 77,450
Born in Europe 71,674
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 469,033
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 26,395
Cat28 3,156
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 Canada
Country #3 Germany
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 1.3%
Born in Asia 11.8%
Born in Europe 10.9%
Born in Latin America 71.5%
Born in Northern America 4.0%
Born in Oceania 0.5%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 66.40
Country #2 4.00%
Country #3 2.40
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 266,338
Born in Africa 2,917
Born in Asia 35,921
Born in Europe 47,053
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 162,530
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 16,555
Cat21 1,362
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 Canada
Country #3 Germany
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 1.1%
Born in Asia 13.5%
Born in Europe 17.7%
Born in Latin America 61.0%
Born in Northern America 6.2%
Born in Oceania 0.5%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 54.80
Country #2 5.60%
Country #3 4.00%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 934,883
Naturalized citizens 399,036
Noncitizens 535,847
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 399,036
Before 1980 54,214
1980-1989 44,382
1990-1999 76,464
2000-2009 127,707
Since 2010 96,269
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 42.7%
Noncitizens 57.3%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 13.6%
1980-1989 11.1%
1990-1999 19.2%
2000-2009 32.0%
Since 2010 24.1%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 656,183
Naturalized citizens 193,944
Noncitizens 462,239
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 29.6%
Noncitizens 70.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 278,205
Naturalized citizens 108,878
Noncitizens 169,327
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 39.1%
Noncitizens 60.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 274,283
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 17,974
% married among women who gave birth
71.6%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
28.4%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 1,312,843
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 63,323
% married among women who gave birth 58.9%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 41.1%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2012-2016 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2016 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3.37
Average family size 3.85
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.56
Average family size 3.18
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 1,536,386
Only native parent(s)
1,092,736
One or more foreign-born parents
443,650

Child is native

400,334

Child is foreign born

43,316
Children under age 6 with 495,829
Only native parent(s)
364,592
One or more foreign-born parents
131,237

Child is native

124,023

Child is foreign born

7,214
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 1,040,557
Only native parent(s)
728,144
One or more foreign-born parents
312,413

Child is native

276,311

Child is foreign born

36,102
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

733,063
Only native parents 459,312
One or more foreign-born parents 273,751
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 71.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 28.9%
Child is native 26.1%
Child is foreign born 2.8%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 73.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 26.5%
Child is native 25.0%
Child is foreign born 1.5%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 70.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 30.0%
Child is native 26.6%
Child is foreign born 3.5%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 62.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 37.3%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,285,892
Only native parent(s) 952,633
One or more foreign-born parents 333,259
Child is native 253,839
Child is foreign born 79,420
Children under age 6 with 429,405
Only native parent(s) 310,949
One or more foreign-born parents 118,456
Child is native 104,222
Child is foreign born 14,234
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 856,487
Only native parent(s) 641,684
One or more foreign-born parents 214,803
Child is native 149,617
Child is foreign born 65,186
Children in Low-Income Families* 555,239
Only native parents 344,855
One or more foreign-born parents 210,384
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 74.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 25.9%
Child is native 19.7%
Child is foreign born 6.2%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 72.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 27.6%
Child is native 24.3%
Child is foreign born 3.3%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 74.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 25.1%
Child is native 17.5%
Child is foreign born 7.6%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 62.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 37.9%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 938,137
Only native parent(s) 791,052
One or more foreign-born parents 147,085
Child is native 115,512
Child is foreign born 31,573
Children under age 6 with 337,743
Only native parent(s) 287,212
One or more foreign-born parents 50,531
Child is native 43,930
Child is foreign born 6,601
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 600,394
Only native parent(s) 503,840
One or more foreign-born parents 96,554
Child is native 71,582
Child is foreign born 24,972
Children in Low-Income Families* 425,843
Only native parents 329,903
One or more foreign-born parents 95,940
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 84.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 15.7%
Child is native 12.3%
Child is foreign born 3.4%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 85.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 15.0%
Child is native 13.0%
Child is foreign born 2.0%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 83.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 16.1%
Child is native 11.9%
Child is foreign born 4.2%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 77.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 22.5%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2016 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2012-2016 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2016 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.