E.g., 06/12/2021
E.g., 06/12/2021
State Demographics Data - AZ
 

Arizona

Demographics & Social
2019
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 976,301
% Foreign Born 13.4%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2019 48.8%
% change: 1990-2000 135.9%
Race (%)  
One race 97.3%
White
64.7%
Black or African American
4.0%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.7%
Asian
17.2%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.5%
Other race
10.2%
Two or more races 2.7%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 581,823
% Latino 59.6%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.5%
5-17 4.3%
18-64 78.9%
65 and older 16.3%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau’s pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

45.7
Gender (% female) 52.3%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 22.6%
Married 59.5%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 17.8%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 6,302,416
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 40.9%
% change: 1990-2000 32.1%
Race (%)  
One race 96.0%
White 80.4%
Black or African American 4.8%
American Indian and Alaska Native 5.2%
Asian 1.2%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.1%
Other race 4.2%
Two or more races 4.0%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 1,728,769
% Latino 27.4%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 6.7%
5-17 18.6%
18-64 56.5%
65 and older 18.2%
Median Age 36.1
Gender (% female) 49.9%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 36.0%
Married 44.6%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 19.4%
Foreign Born
Number 656,183
% Foreign Born 12.8%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 4,474,449
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 278,205
% Foreign Born 7.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 3,387,023
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

976,301
Born in Africa 36,525
Born in Asia 208,159
Born in Europe 86,383
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 596,845
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 39,268
Born in Oceania 9,121
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

 
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

976,301
Europe 86,383
Northern Europe 21,008
United Kingdom
15,963
Ireland
1,328
Other Northern Europe
3,717
Western Europe 21,597
France
2,766
Germany
14,338
Other Western Europe
4,493
Southern Europe 8,230
Italy
5,035
Portugal
1,180
Other Southern Europe
2,015
Eastern Europe 35,510
Poland
5,120
Russia
3,929
Other Eastern Europe
26,461
Other Europe (no country specified) 38
Asia 208,159
Eastern Asia 46,529
China
29,427

China, excluding Taiwan

24,857

Taiwan

4,570
Japan
5,331
Korea
11,771
Other Eastern Asia
N
South Central Asia 65,764
India
50,872
Iran
5,532
Other South Central Asia
9,360
Southeastern Asia 69,140
Philippines
33,834
Vietnam
19,202
Other Southeastern Asia
16,104
Western Asia 25,332
Israel
1,954
Lebanon
1,145
Other Western Asia
22,233
Other Asia (no country specified) 1,394
Africa 36,525
Eastern Africa 16,768
Northern Africa
3,876
Western Africa
6,762
Middle and Southern Africa
7,034
Other Africa (no country specified)
2,085
Oceania 9,121
Australia and New Zealand subregion 2,474
Oceania (no country specified) 6,647
Americas 636,113
Latin America 596,845
Caribbean
16,585

Cuba

9,321

Jamaica

1,616

Other Caribbean

5,648
Central America
557,322

Mexico

516,618

El Salvador

11,423

Other Central America

29,281
South America
22,938

Brazil

4,486

Colombia

4,586

Other South America

13,866
Northern America 39,268
Canada
39,268
Other Northern America
N
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 306,025
1990-1999 219,236
2000-2009 231,873
Since 2010 219,167
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 3.7%
Born in Asia 21.3%
Born in Europe 8.8%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 61.1%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 4.0%
Born in Oceania 0.9%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 8.8%
Northern Europe 2.2%
United Kingdom 1.6%
Ireland 0.1%
Other Northern Europe 0.4%
Western Europe 2.2%
France 0.3%
Germany 1.5%
Other Western Europe 0.5%
Southern Europe 0.8%
Italy 0.5%
Portugal 0.1%
Other Southern Europe 0.2%
Eastern Europe 3.6%
Poland 0.5%
Russia 0.4%
Other Eastern Europe 2.7%
Other Europe (no country specified) N
Asia 21.3%
Eastern Asia 4.8%
China 3.0%
China, excluding Taiwan 2.5%
Taiwan 0.5%
Japan 0.5%
Korea 1.2%
Other Eastern Asia N
South Central Asia 6.7%
India 5.2%
Iran 0.6%
Other South Central Asia 1.0%
Southeastern Asia 7.1%
Philippines 3.5%
Vietnam 2.0%
Other Southeastern Asia 1.6%
Western Asia 2.6%
Israel 0.2%
Lebanon 0.1%
Other Western Asia 2.3%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.1%
Africa 3.7%
Eastern Africa 1.7%
Northern Africa 0.4%
Western Africa 0.7%
Middle and Southern Africa 0.7%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.2%
Oceania 0.9%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.3%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.7%
Americas 65.2%
Latin America 61.1%
Caribbean 1.7%
Cuba 1.0%
Jamaica 0.2%
Other Caribbean 0.6%
Central America 57.1%
Mexico 52.9%
El Salvador 1.2%
Other Central America 3.0%
South America 2.3%
Brazil 0.5%
Colombia 0.5%
Other South America 1.4%
Northern America 4.0%
Canada 4.0%
Other Northern America N
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 31.3%
1980-1989 22.5%
1990-1999 23.8%
Since 2000 22.4%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 656,183
Born in Africa 8,475
Born in Asia 77,450
Born in Europe 71,674
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 469,033
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 26,395
Cat28 3,156
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 1.3%
Born in Asia 11.8%
Born in Europe 10.9%
Born in Latin America 71.5%
Born in Northern America 4.0%
Born in Oceania 0.5%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 266,338
Born in Africa 2,917
Born in Asia 35,921
Born in Europe 47,053
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 162,530
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 16,555
Cat21 1,362
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 1.1%
Born in Asia 13.5%
Born in Europe 17.7%
Born in Latin America 61.0%
Born in Northern America 6.2%
Born in Oceania 0.5%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 976,301
Naturalized citizens 439,287
Noncitizens 537,014
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 439,287
Before 1990 90,571
1990-1999 76,772
2000-2009 121,476
2010-2014 73,939
Since 2015 76,529
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 45.0%
Noncitizens 55.0%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 20.6%
1980-1989 17.5%
1990-1999 27.7%
2000-2009 16.8%
Since 2010 17.4%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 656,183
Naturalized citizens 193,944
Noncitizens 462,239
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 29.6%
Noncitizens 70.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 278,205
Naturalized citizens 108,878
Noncitizens 169,327
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 39.1%
Noncitizens 60.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 285,917
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 15,336
% married among women who gave birth
74.9%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
25.1%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 1,376,266
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 73,683
% married among women who gave birth 59.3%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 40.7%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S Census Bureau’s pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3.32
Average family size 3.82
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.54
Average family size 3.15
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau has excluded children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 1,543,945
Only native parent(s)
1,099,574
One or more foreign-born parents
444,371

Child is native

404,913

Child is foreign born

39,458
Children under age 6 with 488,165
Only native parent(s)
363,173
One or more foreign-born parents
124,992

Child is native

119,890

Child is foreign born

5,102
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 1,055,780
Only native parent(s)
736,401
One or more foreign-born parents
319,379

Child is native

285,023

Child is foreign born

34,356
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau has excluded children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

655,199
Only native parents 410,279
One or more foreign-born parents 244,920
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 71.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 28.8%
Child is native 26.2%
Child is foreign born 2.6%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 74.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 25.6%
Child is native 24.6%
Child is foreign born 1.0%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 69.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 30.3%
Child is native 27.0%
Child is foreign born 3.3%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 62.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 37.4%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,285,892
Only native parent(s) 952,633
One or more foreign-born parents 333,259
Child is native 253,839
Child is foreign born 79,420
Children under age 6 with 429,405
Only native parent(s) 310,949
One or more foreign-born parents 118,456
Child is native 104,222
Child is foreign born 14,234
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 856,487
Only native parent(s) 641,684
One or more foreign-born parents 214,803
Child is native 149,617
Child is foreign born 65,186
Children in Low-Income Families* 555,239
Only native parents 344,855
One or more foreign-born parents 210,384
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 74.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 25.9%
Child is native 19.7%
Child is foreign born 6.2%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 72.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 27.6%
Child is native 24.3%
Child is foreign born 3.3%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 74.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 25.1%
Child is native 17.5%
Child is foreign born 7.6%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 62.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 37.9%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 938,137
Only native parent(s) 791,052
One or more foreign-born parents 147,085
Child is native 115,512
Child is foreign born 31,573
Children under age 6 with 337,743
Only native parent(s) 287,212
One or more foreign-born parents 50,531
Child is native 43,930
Child is foreign born 6,601
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 600,394
Only native parent(s) 503,840
One or more foreign-born parents 96,554
Child is native 71,582
Child is foreign born 24,972
Children in Low-Income Families* 425,843
Only native parents 329,903
One or more foreign-born parents 95,940
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 84.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 15.7%
Child is native 12.3%
Child is foreign born 3.4%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 85.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 15.0%
Child is native 13.0%
Child is foreign born 2.0%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 83.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 16.1%
Child is native 11.9%
Child is foreign born 4.2%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 77.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 22.5%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2019 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas and Matthew Sobek. IPUMS USA: Version 10.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2020. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V10.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau has excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.