E.g., 07/02/2020
E.g., 07/02/2020

State Demographics Data - AZ

Arizona

Demographics & Social
2018
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 960,275
% Foreign Born 13.4%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2018 46.3%
% change: 1990-2000 135.9%
Race (%)  
One race 97.6%
White
63.6%
Black or African American
4.3%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.9%
Asian
16.4%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.2%
Other race
12.1%
Two or more races 2.4%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 582,737
% Latino 60.7%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.7%
5-17 4.0%
18-64 78.8%
65 and older 16.5%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

45.5
Gender (% female) 52.0%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 21.0%
Married 61.3%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 17.7%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 6,211,371
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 38.8%
% change: 1990-2000 32.1%
Race (%)  
One race 95.8%
White 80.2%
Black or African American 4.8%
American Indian and Alaska Native 5.2%
Asian 1.3%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.2%
Other race 4.1%
Two or more races 4.2%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 1,683,605
% Latino 27.1%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 6.9%
5-17 18.8%
18-64 56.6%
65 and older 17.7%
Median Age 35.8
Gender (% female) 50.0%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 35.7%
Married 44.4%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 19.9%
Foreign Born
Number 656,183
% Foreign Born 12.8%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 4,474,449
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 278,205
% Foreign Born 7.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 3,387,023
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

960,275
Born in Africa 39,402
Born in Asia 196,083
Born in Europe 83,545
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 594,430
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 41,891
Born in Oceania 4,924
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

960,275
Europe 83,545
Northern Europe 18,527
United Kingdom
14,704
Ireland
866
Other Northern Europe
2,957
Western Europe 24,292
France
3,926
Germany
14,795
Other Western Europe
5,571
Southern Europe 7,006
Italy
3,487
Portugal
344
Other Southern Europe
3,175
Eastern Europe 33,501
Poland
5,827
Russia
4,411
Other Eastern Europe
23,263
Other Europe (no country specified) 219
Asia 196,083
Eastern Asia 45,476
China
27,187

China, excluding Taiwan

23,923

Taiwan

3,264
Japan
7,124
Korea
11,165
Other Eastern Asia
0
South Central Asia 62,237
India
42,659
Iran
6,170
Other South Central Asia
13,408
Southeastern Asia 64,724
Philippines
30,364
Vietnam
20,333
Other Southeastern Asia
14,027
Western Asia 21,623
Israel
1,497
Lebanon
2,028
Other Western Asia
18,098
Other Asia (no country specified) 2,023
Africa 39,402
Eastern Africa 17,508
Northern Africa
5,341
Western Africa
7,206
Middle and Southern Africa
6,050
Other Africa (no country specified)
3,297
Oceania 4,924
Australia and New Zealand subregion 2,396
Oceania (no country specified) 2,528
Americas 636,321
Latin America 594,430
Caribbean
15,845

Cuba

8,382

Jamaica

2,377

Other Caribbean

5,086
Central America
558,466

Mexico

526,708

El Salvador

12,103

Other Central America

19,655
South America
20,119

Brazil

2,943

Colombia

5,468

Other South America

11,708
Northern America 41,891
Canada
41,563
Other Northern America
328
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 309,274
1990-1999 224,336
2000-2009 226,105
Since 2010 200,560
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 4.1%
Born in Asia 20.4%
Born in Europe 8.7%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 61.9%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 4.4%
Born in Oceania 0.5%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 8.7%
Northern Europe 1.9%
United Kingdom 1.5%
Ireland 0.1%
Other Northern Europe 0.3%
Western Europe 2.5%
France 0.4%
Germany 1.5%
Other Western Europe 0.6%
Southern Europe 0.7%
Italy 0.4%
Portugal 0.0%
Other Southern Europe 0.3%
Eastern Europe 3.5%
Poland 0.6%
Russia 0.5%
Other Eastern Europe 2.4%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.0%
Asia 20.4%
Eastern Asia 4.7%
China 2.8%
China, excluding Taiwan 2.5%
Taiwan 0.3%
Japan 0.7%
Korea 1.2%
Other Eastern Asia 0.0%
South Central Asia 6.5%
India 4.4%
Iran 0.6%
Other South Central Asia 1.4%
Southeastern Asia 6.7%
Philippines 3.2%
Vietnam 2.1%
Other Southeastern Asia 1.5%
Western Asia 2.3%
Israel 0.2%
Lebanon 0.2%
Other Western Asia 1.9%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.2%
Africa 4.1%
Eastern Africa 1.8%
Northern Africa 0.6%
Western Africa 0.8%
Middle and Southern Africa 0.6%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.3%
Oceania 0.5%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.2%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.3%
Americas 66.3%
Latin America 61.9%
Caribbean 1.7%
Cuba 0.9%
Jamaica 0.2%
Other Caribbean 0.5%
Central America 58.2%
Mexico 54.8%
El Salvador 1.3%
Other Central America 2.0%
South America 2.1%
Brazil 0.3%
Colombia 0.6%
Other South America 1.2%
Northern America 4.4%
Canada 4.3%
Other Northern America 0.0%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 32.2%
1980-1989 23.4%
1990-1999 23.5%
Since 2000 20.9%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 656,183
Born in Africa 8,475
Born in Asia 77,450
Born in Europe 71,674
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 469,033
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 26,395
Cat28 3,156
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 1.3%
Born in Asia 11.8%
Born in Europe 10.9%
Born in Latin America 71.5%
Born in Northern America 4.0%
Born in Oceania 0.5%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 266,338
Born in Africa 2,917
Born in Asia 35,921
Born in Europe 47,053
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 162,530
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 16,555
Cat21 1,362
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 1.1%
Born in Asia 13.5%
Born in Europe 17.7%
Born in Latin America 61.0%
Born in Northern America 6.2%
Born in Oceania 0.5%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 960,275
Naturalized citizens 431,667
Noncitizens 528,608
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 431,667
Before 1990 93,872
1990-1999 79,531
2000-2009 127,380
2010-2014 67,643
Since 2015 63,241
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 45.0%
Noncitizens 55.0%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 21.7%
1980-1989 18.4%
1990-1999 29.5%
2000-2009 15.7%
Since 2010 14.7%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 656,183
Naturalized citizens 193,944
Noncitizens 462,239
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 29.6%
Noncitizens 70.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 278,205
Naturalized citizens 108,878
Noncitizens 169,327
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 39.1%
Noncitizens 60.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 282,720
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 19,183
% married among women who gave birth
72.4%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
27.6%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 1,357,506
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 73,597
% married among women who gave birth 59.4%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 40.6%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3
Average family size 4
U.S. Born
Average household size 3
Average family size 3
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 1,551,368
Only native parent(s)
1,104,221
One or more foreign-born parents
447,147

Child is native

407,816

Child is foreign born

39,331
Children under age 6 with 498,764
Only native parent(s)
370,615
One or more foreign-born parents
128,149

Child is native

119,724

Child is foreign born

8,425
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 1,052,604
Only native parent(s)
733,606
One or more foreign-born parents
318,998

Child is native

288,092

Child is foreign born

30,906
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

677,569
Only native parents 418,051
One or more foreign-born parents 259,518
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 71.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 28.8%
Child is native 26.3%
Child is foreign born 2.5%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 74.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 25.7%
Child is native 24.0%
Child is foreign born 1.7%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 69.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 30.3%
Child is native 27.4%
Child is foreign born 2.9%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 61.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 38.3%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,285,892
Only native parent(s) 952,633
One or more foreign-born parents 333,259
Child is native 253,839
Child is foreign born 79,420
Children under age 6 with 429,405
Only native parent(s) 310,949
One or more foreign-born parents 118,456
Child is native 104,222
Child is foreign born 14,234
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 856,487
Only native parent(s) 641,684
One or more foreign-born parents 214,803
Child is native 149,617
Child is foreign born 65,186
Children in Low-Income Families* 555,239
Only native parents 344,855
One or more foreign-born parents 210,384
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 74.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 25.9%
Child is native 19.7%
Child is foreign born 6.2%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 72.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 27.6%
Child is native 24.3%
Child is foreign born 3.3%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 74.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 25.1%
Child is native 17.5%
Child is foreign born 7.6%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 62.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 37.9%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 938,137
Only native parent(s) 791,052
One or more foreign-born parents 147,085
Child is native 115,512
Child is foreign born 31,573
Children under age 6 with 337,743
Only native parent(s) 287,212
One or more foreign-born parents 50,531
Child is native 43,930
Child is foreign born 6,601
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 600,394
Only native parent(s) 503,840
One or more foreign-born parents 96,554
Child is native 71,582
Child is foreign born 24,972
Children in Low-Income Families* 425,843
Only native parents 329,903
One or more foreign-born parents 95,940
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 84.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 15.7%
Child is native 12.3%
Child is foreign born 3.4%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 85.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 15.0%
Child is native 13.0%
Child is foreign born 2.0%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 83.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 16.1%
Child is native 11.9%
Child is foreign born 4.2%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 77.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 22.5%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2018 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas, and Matthew Sobek. Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS) USA: Version 8.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2018. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V8.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.