E.g., 07/06/2020
E.g., 07/06/2020

State Income Data - AZ

Arizona

Income & Poverty
2018
2000
1990
Poverty

Note: Poverty status is not determined for unrelated individuals under the age of 15 (such as foster children) or for persons lacking conventional housing.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%)

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.

949,297
Below 100% of the poverty level 19.3%
100-199% of the poverty level 24.9%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 55.8%
People in Poverty: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2018 14.6%
% change: 1990-2000 104.9%
% Families in Poverty by Family Type

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.

 
All families (among those for whom poverty status is determined) 18.2%
With related children under age 18
24.3%
With related children under age 5
23.3%
Married-couple families 13.6%
With related children under age 18
17.9%
With related children under age 5
17.2%
Families with female householder, no husband present 35.8%
With related children under age 18
45.6%
With related children under age 5
47.3%
Poverty by U.S. Citizenship Status (among the foreign born)  
Naturalized citizens 428,665
Below 100% of the poverty level
12.5%
100-199% of the poverty level
21.6%
At or above 200% of the poverty level
65.9%
Noncitizens 520,632
Below 100% of the poverty level
24.9%
100-199% of the poverty level
27.6%
At or above 200% of the poverty level
47.5%
Foreign Born Living in Poverty by Region of Birth

Note: The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Born in Africa N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N
Born in Asia 194,219
Below 100% of the poverty level
16.0%
Born in Europe 82,534
Below 100% of the poverty level
11.4%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 586,989
Below 100% of the poverty level
20.9%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N
Born in Oceania N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 6,064,147
Below 100% of the poverty level 13.2%
100-199% of the poverty level 18.7%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 68.1%
People in Poverty: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 51.0%
% change: 1990-2000 10.8%
% Families in Poverty by Family Type  
All families (among those for whom poverty status is determined) 8.1%
With related children under age 18
13.4%
With related children under age 5
14.4%
Married-couple families 4.1%
With related children under age 18
6.0%
With related children under age 5
6.5%
Families with female householder, no husband present 22.2%
With related children under age 18
30.2%
With related children under age 5
34.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 655,311
Below 100% of the poverty level 24.4%
100-199% of the poverty level 30.5%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 45.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 4,381,421
Below 100% of the poverty level 12.1%
100-199% of the poverty level 18.0%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 69.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 268,177
Below 100% of the poverty level 29.1%
100-199% of the poverty level 28.5%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 42.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 3,300,091
Below 100% of the poverty level 14.5%
100-199% of the poverty level 19.3%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 66.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Poverty by Language Spoken at Home Number
Household population (among those for whom poverty status is determined, age 5 and older) 6,586,092
Below 100% of the poverty level 889,223
Speaks only English
4,770,161
Below 100% of the poverty level 524,396
Speaks Spanish
1,364,334
Below 100% of the poverty level 268,682
Speaks other Indo-European languages
138,639
Below 100% of the poverty level 16,550
Speaks Asian or Pacific Island languages
136,665
Below 100% of the poverty level 17,741
Speaks other languages
176,293
Below 100% of the poverty level 61,854
%
Household population (among those for whom poverty status is determined, age 5 and older) 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 13.5%
Speaks only English 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 11.0%
Speaks only Spanish 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 19.7%
Speaks other Indo-European languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 11.9%
Speaks Asian or Pacific Island languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 13.0%
Speaks other languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 35.1%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Earnings

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.

Foreign Born
Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older). Earnings in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) 405,140
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss 2.4%
Earned $10,000-$14,999 3.6%
Earned $15,000-$24,999 19.9%
Earned $25,000-$34,999 22.2%
Earned $35,000-$49,999 19.2%
Earned $50,000-$74,999 14.8%
Earned $75,000 or more 17.9%
Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) Earnings in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) by U.S. Citizenship  
Naturalized citizens (%) 183,066
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss
1.7%
Earned $10,000-$14,999
2.8%
Earned $15,000-$24,999
12.7%
Earned $25,000-$34,999
19.3%
Earned $35,000-$49,999
20.5%
Earned $50,000-$74,999
18.2%
Earned $75,000 or more
24.6%
Noncitizens (%) 222,074
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss
3.0%
Earned $10,000-$14,999
4.2%
Earned $15,000-$24,999
25.8%
Earned $25,000-$34,999
24.5%
Earned $35,000-$49,999
18.1%
Earned $50,000-$74,999
12.0%
Earned $75,000 or more
12.4%
Median Earnings of Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars by Gender Foreign Born
Male $36,977
Female $32,547
Median Earnings of Foreign-Born Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars by U.S. Citizenship Status and Gender  
Naturalized citizens  
Male
$48,793
Female
$37,760
Noncitizens  
Male
$32,204
Female
$29,082
U.S. Born
Earnings of Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) 1,902,543
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss 1.5%
Earned $10,000-$14,999 2.3%
Earned $15,000-$24,999 11.4%
Earned $25,000-$34,999 17.1%
Earned $35,000-$49,999 22.0%
Earned $50,000-$74,999 21.8%
Earned $75,000 or more 23.9%
Nothing 1  
Nothing 2  
Nothing 3  
Nothing 4  
Nothing 5  
Nothing 6  
Nothing 7  
Nothing 8  
Nothing 9  
Nothing 10  
Nothing 11  
Nothing 12  
Nothing 13  
Nothing 14  
Nothing 15  
Nothing 16  
Nothing 17  
Native Born Native Born
Male $50,587
Female $41,303
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Median Household Income

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.

Foreign Born
Median Household Income $50,279
Median Household Income by U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized citizens $57,248
Noncitizens $42,052
U.S. Born
Median Household Income $61,089
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
Home Ownership Rate

Note: 1) Refers to the percentage owner households represent among all occupied households. 2) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS. 3) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Home Ownership Rate 59.4%
Home Ownership Rate by Householder's U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized citizens 72.7%
Noncitizens 45.6%
U.S. Born
Home Ownership Rate 65.8%
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
Health Insurance Coverage

Note: Since some people may hold both private and public health insurance coverage at the same time, estimates of those with private health insurance and those with public coverage may overlap. Their sum therefore may be greater than the total number of people with health insurance.

Foreign Born
Civilian noninstitutionalized population (%) 951,185
With health insurance 76.2%
With private health insurance
49.3%
With public coverage
33.6%
No health insurance coverage 23.8%
Health Insurance Coverage by U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized Citizens (%) 429,336
With health insurance 89.7%
With private health insurance
59.1%
With public coverage
42.2%
No health insurance coverage 10.3%
Noncitizens (%) 521,849
With health insurance 65.1%
With private health insurance
41.2%
With public coverage
26.5%
No health insurance coverage 34.9%
U.S. Born
Civilian noninstitutionalized population (%) 6,113,614
With health insurance 91.4%
With private health insurance
64.7%
With public coverage
40.2%
No health insurance coverage 8.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2018 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas, and Matthew Sobek. Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS) USA: Version 8.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2018. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V8.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • Poverty status is not determined for unrelated individuals under the age of 15 (such as foster children) or for persons lacking conventional housing. 
  • The term “home ownership rate” refers to the percentage owner households represent among all occupied households.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Poverty,” “Earnings,” “Median Household Income,” and “Home Ownership Rate”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.
  • In the “% Families in Poverty by Family Type” section, “related children” refer to “related children of the householder.”
  • “Health Insurance Coverage”: Private coverage includes employer- or union-provided insurance, insurance purchased directly, and TRICARE (the health program of the U.S. military) or other military health care. Public coverage includes Medicare, Medicaid, or another governmental medical assistance program, and Veterans Administration health care. Individuals can be covered by more than one type of insurance, and they can be covered by both private and public insurers. Since some people may hold both private and public health insurance coverage at the same time, estimates of those with private health insurance and those with public coverage may overlap. Their sum therefore may be greater than the total number of people with health insurance.