E.g., 11/19/2019
E.g., 11/19/2019

State Income Data - AZ

Arizona

Income & Poverty
2017
2000
1990
Poverty

Note: Poverty status is not determined for unrelated individuals under the age of 15 (such as foster children) or for persons lacking conventional housing.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%)

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS.

909,943
Below 100% of the poverty level 18.6%
100-199% of the poverty level 25.8%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 55.6%
People in Poverty: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2017 5.8%
% change: 1990-2000 104.9%
% Families in Poverty by Family Type

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS.

 
All families (among those for whom poverty status is determined) 18.1%
With related children under age 18
23.2%
With related children under age 5
17.1%
Married-couple families 13.1%
With related children under age 18
15.5%
With related children under age 5
7.6%
Families with female householder, no husband present 35.9%
With related children under age 18
45.6%
With related children under age 5
44.2%
Poverty by U.S. Citizenship Status (among the foreign born)  
Naturalized citizens 397,764
Below 100% of the poverty level
11.9%
100-199% of the poverty level
20.2%
At or above 200% of the poverty level
67.9%
Noncitizens 512,179
Below 100% of the poverty level
23.9%
100-199% of the poverty level
30.2%
At or above 200% of the poverty level
45.9%
Foreign Born Living in Poverty by Region of Birth

Note: The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Born in Africa N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N
Born in Asia 189,924
Below 100% of the poverty level
16.2%
Born in Europe 84,049
Below 100% of the poverty level
11.8%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 559,650
Below 100% of the poverty level
20.2%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N
Born in Oceania N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 5,946,124
Below 100% of the poverty level 14.3%
100-199% of the poverty level 18.5%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 67.2%
People in Poverty: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 60.4%
% change: 1990-2000 10.8%
% Families in Poverty by Family Type  
All families (among those for whom poverty status is determined) 9.0%
With related children under age 18
14.9%
With related children under age 5
14.9%
Married-couple families 4.7%
With related children under age 18
6.6%
With related children under age 5
6.2%
Families with female householder, no husband present 23.6%
With related children under age 18
31.6%
With related children under age 5
33.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 655,311
Below 100% of the poverty level 24.4%
100-199% of the poverty level 30.5%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 45.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 4,381,421
Below 100% of the poverty level 12.1%
100-199% of the poverty level 18.0%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 69.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 268,177
Below 100% of the poverty level 29.1%
100-199% of the poverty level 28.5%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 42.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 3,300,091
Below 100% of the poverty level 14.5%
100-199% of the poverty level 19.3%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 66.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Poverty by Language Spoken at Home Number
Household population (among those for whom poverty status is determined, age 5 and older) 6,430,734
Below 100% of the poverty level 920,672
Speaks only English
4,671,320
Below 100% of the poverty level 558,811
Speaks Spanish
1,342,244
Below 100% of the poverty level 275,852
Speaks other Indo-European languages
122,900
Below 100% of the poverty level 14,217
Speaks Asian or Pacific Island languages
131,264
Below 100% of the poverty level 17,764
Speaks other languages
163,006
Below 100% of the poverty level 54,028
%
Household population (among those for whom poverty status is determined, age 5 and older) 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 14.3%
Speaks only English 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 12.0%
Speaks only Spanish 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 20.6%
Speaks other Indo-European languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 11.6%
Speaks Asian or Pacific Island languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 13.5%
Speaks other languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 33.1%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Earnings

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS.

Foreign Born
Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older). Earnings in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) 382,595
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss 2.1%
Earned $10,000-$14,999 4.8%
Earned $15,000-$24,999 22.8%
Earned $25,000-$34,999 20.5%
Earned $35,000-$49,999 18.5%
Earned $50,000-$74,999 15.1%
Earned $75,000 or more 16.0%
Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) Earnings in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) by U.S. Citizenship  
Naturalized citizens (%) 181,365
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss
1.8%
Earned $10,000-$14,999
3.3%
Earned $15,000-$24,999
18.0%
Earned $25,000-$34,999
18.2%
Earned $35,000-$49,999
19.8%
Earned $50,000-$74,999
19.1%
Earned $75,000 or more
19.9%
Noncitizens (%) 201,230
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss
2.4%
Earned $10,000-$14,999
6.2%
Earned $15,000-$24,999
27.2%
Earned $25,000-$34,999
22.7%
Earned $35,000-$49,999
17.3%
Earned $50,000-$74,999
11.6%
Earned $75,000 or more
12.5%
Median Earnings of Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars by Gender Foreign Born
Male $36,520
Female $31,492
Median Earnings of Foreign-Born Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars by U.S. Citizenship Status and Gender  
Naturalized citizens  
Male
$43,141
Female
$36,099
Noncitizens  
Male
$31,983
Female
$26,293
U.S. Born
Earnings of Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) 1,864,719
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss 1.8%
Earned $10,000-$14,999 2.9%
Earned $15,000-$24,999 12.6%
Earned $25,000-$34,999 16.3%
Earned $35,000-$49,999 22.0%
Earned $50,000-$74,999 21.6%
Earned $75,000 or more 22.9%
Nothing 1  
Nothing 2  
Nothing 3  
Nothing 4  
Nothing 5  
Nothing 6  
Nothing 7  
Nothing 8  
Nothing 9  
Nothing 10  
Nothing 11  
Nothing 12  
Nothing 13  
Nothing 14  
Nothing 15  
Nothing 16  
Nothing 17  
Native Born Native Born
Male $50,008
Female $40,744
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Median Household Income

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS.

Foreign Born
Median Household Income $46,653
Median Household Income by U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized citizens $54,710
Noncitizens $40,258
U.S. Born
Median Household Income $58,670
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
Home Ownership Rate

Note: 1) Refers to the percentage owner households represent among all occupied households. 2) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS. 3) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Home Ownership Rate 60.5%
Home Ownership Rate by Householder's U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized citizens 73.6%
Noncitizens 47.1%
U.S. Born
Home Ownership Rate 65.5%
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
Health Insurance Coverage

Note: Since some people may hold both private and public health insurance coverage at the same time, estimates of those with public health insurance and those with public coverage may overlap. Their sum therefore may be greater than the total number of people with health insurance.

Foreign Born
Civilian noninstitutionalized population (%) 912,893
With health insurance 77.4%
With private health insurance
51.8%
With public coverage
32.9%
No health insurance coverage 22.6%
Health Insurance Coverage by U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized Citizens (%) 398,451
With health insurance 90.8%
With private health insurance
62.3%
With public coverage
40.1%
No health insurance coverage 9.2%
Noncitizens (%) 514,442
With health insurance 67.1%
With private health insurance
43.7%
With public coverage
27.3%
No health insurance coverage 32.9%
U.S. Born
Civilian noninstitutionalized population (%) 5,995,228
With health insurance 91.9%
With private health insurance
64.7%
With public coverage
40.1%
No health insurance coverage 8.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2017 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas, and Matthew Sobek. Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS) USA: Version 8.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2018. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V8.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • Poverty status is not determined for unrelated individuals under the age of 15 (such as foster children) or for persons lacking conventional housing. 
  • The term “home ownership rate” refers to the percentage owner households represent among all occupied households.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Poverty,” “Earnings,” “Median Household Income,” and “Home Ownership Rate”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS.
  • In the “% Families in Poverty by Family Type” section, “related children” refer to “related children of the householder.”
  • “Health Insurance Coverage”: Since some people may hold both private and public health insurance coverage at the same time, estimates of those with public health insurance and those with public coverage may overlap. Their sum therefore may be greater than the total number of people with health insurance.