E.g., 10/25/2020
E.g., 10/25/2020

State Income Data - TX

Texas

Income & Poverty
2018
2000
1990
Poverty

Note: Poverty status is not determined for unrelated individuals under the age of 15 (such as foster children) or for persons lacking conventional housing.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%)

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.

4,868,992
Below 100% of the poverty level 18.0%
100-199% of the poverty level 25.1%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 56.9%
People in Poverty: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2018 27.3%
% change: 1990-2000 46.0%
% Families in Poverty by Family Type

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.

 
All families (among those for whom poverty status is determined) 18.1%
With related children under age 18
22.8%
With related children under age 5
18.1%
Married-couple families 13.3%
With related children under age 18
16.0%
With related children under age 5
13.3%
Families with female householder, no husband present 38.4%
With related children under age 18
48.0%
With related children under age 5
41.6%
Poverty by U.S. Citizenship Status (among the foreign born)  
Naturalized citizens 1,845,516
Below 100% of the poverty level
10.8%
100-199% of the poverty level
19.4%
At or above 200% of the poverty level
69.8%
Noncitizens 3,023,476
Below 100% of the poverty level
22.4%
100-199% of the poverty level
28.6%
At or above 200% of the poverty level
49.0%
Foreign Born Living in Poverty by Region of Birth

Note: The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Born in Africa N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N
Born in Asia 1,117,955
Below 100% of the poverty level
12.3%
Born in Europe 195,642
Below 100% of the poverty level
7.1%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 3,236,244
Below 100% of the poverty level
21.0%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N
Born in Oceania N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 23,205,581
Below 100% of the poverty level 14.2%
100-199% of the poverty level 18.3%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 67.5%
People in Poverty: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 36.9%
% change: 1990-2000 -3.7%
% Families in Poverty by Family Type  
All families (among those for whom poverty status is determined) 9.3%
With related children under age 18
14.2%
With related children under age 5
13.7%
Married-couple families 4.3%
With related children under age 18
5.4%
With related children under age 5
3.9%
Families with female householder, no husband present 25.9%
With related children under age 18
33.7%
With related children under age 5
38.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 2,879,785
Below 100% of the poverty level 23.9%
100-199% of the poverty level 30.2%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 45.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 17,437,883
Below 100% of the poverty level 13.8%
100-199% of the poverty level 19.0%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 67.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 1,486,943
Below 100% of the poverty level 31.7%
100-199% of the poverty level 29.8%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 38.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 15,056,820
Below 100% of the poverty level 16.6%
100-199% of the poverty level 20.0%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 63.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Poverty by Language Spoken at Home Number
Household population (among those for whom poverty status is determined, age 5 and older) 26,091,402
Below 100% of the poverty level 3,731,600
Speaks only English
16,689,770
Below 100% of the poverty level 1,917,547
Speaks Spanish
7,704,726
Below 100% of the poverty level 1,602,191
Speaks other Indo-European languages
599,010
Below 100% of the poverty level 65,004
Speaks Asian or Pacific Island languages
819,642
Below 100% of the poverty level 91,143
Speaks other languages
278,254
Below 100% of the poverty level 55,715
%
Household population (among those for whom poverty status is determined, age 5 and older) 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 14.3%
Speaks only English 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 11.5%
Speaks only Spanish 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 20.8%
Speaks other Indo-European languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 10.9%
Speaks Asian or Pacific Island languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 11.1%
Speaks other languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 20.0%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Earnings

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.

Foreign Born
Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older). Earnings in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) 2,282,045
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss 2.0%
Earned $10,000-$14,999 5.6%
Earned $15,000-$24,999 19.8%
Earned $25,000-$34,999 19.3%
Earned $35,000-$49,999 17.9%
Earned $50,000-$74,999 15.8%
Earned $75,000 or more 19.6%
Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) Earnings in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) by U.S. Citizenship  
Naturalized citizens (%) 929,232
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss
1.5%
Earned $10,000-$14,999
3.4%
Earned $15,000-$24,999
13.8%
Earned $25,000-$34,999
16.0%
Earned $35,000-$49,999
18.4%
Earned $50,000-$74,999
19.6%
Earned $75,000 or more
27.4%
Noncitizens (%) 1,352,813
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss
2.3%
Earned $10,000-$14,999
7.2%
Earned $15,000-$24,999
23.9%
Earned $25,000-$34,999
21.6%
Earned $35,000-$49,999
17.6%
Earned $50,000-$74,999
13.2%
Earned $75,000 or more
14.2%
Median Earnings of Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars by Gender Foreign Born
Male $40,300
Female $30,601
Median Earnings of Foreign-Born Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars by U.S. Citizenship Status and Gender  
Naturalized citizens  
Male
$51,020
Female
$39,995
Noncitizens  
Male
$35,565
Female
$24,694
U.S. Born
Earnings of Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) 7,810,066
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss 1.9%
Earned $10,000-$14,999 3.4%
Earned $15,000-$24,999 12.2%
Earned $25,000-$34,999 14.9%
Earned $35,000-$49,999 18.9%
Earned $50,000-$74,999 22.9%
Earned $75,000 or more 25.8%
Nothing 1  
Nothing 2  
Nothing 3  
Nothing 4  
Nothing 5  
Nothing 6  
Nothing 7  
Nothing 8  
Nothing 9  
Nothing 10  
Nothing 11  
Nothing 12  
Nothing 13  
Nothing 14  
Nothing 15  
Nothing 16  
Nothing 17  
Native Born Native Born
Male $52,619
Female $42,054
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Median Household Income

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.

Foreign Born
Median Household Income $51,454
Median Household Income by U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized citizens $63,570
Noncitizens $43,975
U.S. Born
Median Household Income $62,689
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
Home Ownership Rate

Note: 1) Refers to the percentage owner households represent among all occupied households. 2) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS. 3) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Home Ownership Rate 58.4%
Home Ownership Rate by Householder's U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized citizens 75.4%
Noncitizens 44.8%
U.S. Born
Home Ownership Rate 62.6%
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
Health Insurance Coverage

Note: Since some people may hold both private and public health insurance coverage at the same time, estimates of those with private health insurance and those with public coverage may overlap. Their sum therefore may be greater than the total number of people with health insurance.

Foreign Born
Civilian noninstitutionalized population (%) 4,883,130
With health insurance 63.9%
With private health insurance
50.0%
With public coverage
18.0%
No health insurance coverage 36.1%
Health Insurance Coverage by U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized Citizens (%) 1,844,596
With health insurance 82.2%
With private health insurance
65.0%
With public coverage
25.4%
No health insurance coverage 17.8%
Noncitizens (%) 3,038,534
With health insurance 52.7%
With private health insurance
41.0%
With public coverage
13.5%
No health insurance coverage 47.3%
U.S. Born
Civilian noninstitutionalized population (%) 23,360,061
With health insurance 86.1%
With private health insurance
64.3%
With public coverage
31.3%
No health insurance coverage 13.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2018 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas, and Matthew Sobek. Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS) USA: Version 8.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2018. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V8.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • Poverty status is not determined for unrelated individuals under the age of 15 (such as foster children) or for persons lacking conventional housing. 
  • The term “home ownership rate” refers to the percentage owner households represent among all occupied households.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Poverty,” “Earnings,” “Median Household Income,” and “Home Ownership Rate”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.
  • In the “% Families in Poverty by Family Type” section, “related children” refer to “related children of the householder.”
  • “Health Insurance Coverage”: Private coverage includes employer- or union-provided insurance, insurance purchased directly, and TRICARE (the health program of the U.S. military) or other military health care. Public coverage includes Medicare, Medicaid, or another governmental medical assistance program, and Veterans Administration health care. Individuals can be covered by more than one type of insurance, and they can be covered by both private and public insurers. Since some people may hold both private and public health insurance coverage at the same time, estimates of those with private health insurance and those with public coverage may overlap. Their sum therefore may be greater than the total number of people with health insurance.