E.g., 04/04/2020
E.g., 04/04/2020

State Demographics Data - TX

Texas

Demographics & Social
2018
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 4,928,025
% Foreign Born 17.2%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2018 70.0%
% change: 1990-2000 90.2%
Race (%)  
One race 98.5%
White
58.6%
Black or African American
5.8%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.4%
Asian
20.0%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.1%
Other race
13.6%
Two or more races 1.5%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 3,195,747
% Latino 64.8%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.7%
5-17 5.7%
18-64 81.2%
65 and older 12.3%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

43.4
Gender (% female) 50.4%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 22.2%
Married 62.7%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 15.2%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 23,773,820
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 32.4%
% change: 1990-2000 16.1%
Race (%)  
One race 97.1%
White 76.6%
Black or African American 13.6%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.5%
Asian 1.9%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.1%
Other race 4.4%
Two or more races 2.9%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 8,173,097
% Latino 34.4%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 8.3%
5-17 21.5%
18-64 57.6%
65 and older 12.6%
Median Age 31.8
Gender (% female) 50.3%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 37.0%
Married 44.3%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 18.6%
Foreign Born
Number 2,899,642
% Foreign Born 13.9%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 17,952,178
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 1,524,436
% Foreign Born 9.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 15,462,074
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

4,928,025
Born in Africa 257,449
Born in Asia 1,129,111
Born in Europe 198,365
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 3,276,400
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 52,302
Born in Oceania 14,398
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

4,928,025
Europe 198,365
Northern Europe 60,536
United Kingdom
48,786
Ireland
3,255
Other Northern Europe
8,495
Western Europe 58,406
France
10,879
Germany
35,580
Other Western Europe
11,947
Southern Europe 17,743
Italy
5,522
Portugal
2,274
Other Southern Europe
9,947
Eastern Europe 61,407
Poland
6,000
Russia
16,836
Other Eastern Europe
38,571
Other Europe (no country specified) 273
Asia 1,129,111
Eastern Asia 233,578
China
156,407

China, excluding Taiwan

123,438

Taiwan

32,969
Japan
18,307
Korea
58,548
Other Eastern Asia
316
South Central Asia 440,731
India
291,641
Iran
29,969
Other South Central Asia
119,121
Southeastern Asia 357,359
Philippines
107,045
Vietnam
179,493
Other Southeastern Asia
70,821
Western Asia 92,090
Israel
4,603
Lebanon
14,159
Other Western Asia
73,328
Other Asia (no country specified) 5,353
Africa 257,449
Eastern Africa 71,880
Northern Africa
26,520
Western Africa
107,319
Middle and Southern Africa
37,877
Other Africa (no country specified)
13,853
Oceania 14,398
Australia and New Zealand subregion 9,489
Oceania (no country specified) 4,909
Americas 3,328,702
Latin America 3,276,400
Caribbean
113,534

Cuba

57,302

Jamaica

14,999

Other Caribbean

41,233
Central America
2,980,687

Mexico

2,505,720

El Salvador

224,676

Other Central America

250,291
South America
182,179

Brazil

20,875

Colombia

53,134

Other South America

108,170
Northern America 52,302
Canada
51,913
Other Northern America
389
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 1,329,463
1990-1999 1,067,150
2000-2009 1,344,120
Since 2010 1,187,292
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 5.2%
Born in Asia 22.9%
Born in Europe 4.0%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 66.5%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 1.1%
Born in Oceania 0.3%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 4.0%
Northern Europe 1.2%
United Kingdom 1.0%
Ireland 0.1%
Other Northern Europe 0.2%
Western Europe 1.2%
France 0.2%
Germany 0.7%
Other Western Europe 0.2%
Southern Europe 0.4%
Italy 0.1%
Portugal 0.0%
Other Southern Europe 0.2%
Eastern Europe 1.2%
Poland 0.1%
Russia 0.3%
Other Eastern Europe 0.8%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.0%
Asia 22.9%
Eastern Asia 4.7%
China 3.2%
China, excluding Taiwan 2.5%
Taiwan 0.7%
Japan 0.4%
Korea 1.2%
Other Eastern Asia 0.0%
South Central Asia 8.9%
India 5.9%
Iran 0.6%
Other South Central Asia 2.4%
Southeastern Asia 7.3%
Philippines 2.2%
Vietnam 3.6%
Other Southeastern Asia 1.4%
Western Asia 1.9%
Israel 0.1%
Lebanon 0.3%
Other Western Asia 1.5%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.1%
Africa 5.2%
Eastern Africa 1.5%
Northern Africa 0.5%
Western Africa 2.2%
Middle and Southern Africa 0.8%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.3%
Oceania 0.3%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.2%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.1%
Americas 67.5%
Latin America 66.5%
Caribbean 2.3%
Cuba 1.2%
Jamaica 0.3%
Other Caribbean 0.8%
Central America 60.5%
Mexico 50.8%
El Salvador 4.6%
Other Central America 5.1%
South America 3.7%
Brazil 0.4%
Colombia 1.1%
Other South America 2.2%
Northern America 1.1%
Canada 1.1%
Other Northern America 0.0%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 27.0%
1980-1989 21.7%
1990-1999 27.3%
Since 2000 24.1%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 2,899,642
Born in Africa 64,470
Born in Asia 466,218
Born in Europe 152,327
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 2,172,476
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 37,165
Cat28 6,984
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 2.2%
Born in Asia 16.1%
Born in Europe 5.3%
Born in Latin America 74.9%
Born in Northern America 1.3%
Born in Oceania 0.2%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 1,469,947
Born in Africa 27,297
Born in Asia 248,878
Born in Europe 110,391
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 1,056,946
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 22,404
Cat21 4,031
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 1.9%
Born in Asia 16.9%
Born in Europe 7.5%
Born in Latin America 71.9%
Born in Northern America 1.5%
Born in Oceania 0.3%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 4,928,025
Naturalized citizens 1,856,672
Noncitizens 3,071,353
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 1,856,672
Before 1990 325,407
1990-1999 383,377
2000-2009 556,247
2010-2014 324,767
Since 2015 266,874
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 37.7%
Noncitizens 62.3%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 17.5%
1980-1989 20.6%
1990-1999 30.0%
2000-2009 17.5%
Since 2010 14.4%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 2,899,642
Naturalized citizens 914,326
Noncitizens 1,985,316
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 31.5%
Noncitizens 68.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 1,524,436
Naturalized citizens 515,190
Noncitizens 1,009,246
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 33.8%
Noncitizens 66.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 1,510,612
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 93,979
% married among women who gave birth
77.5%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
22.5%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 5,573,471
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 289,601
% married among women who gave birth 61.1%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 38.9%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3
Average family size 4
U.S. Born
Average household size 3
Average family size 4
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 7,025,027
Only native parent(s)
4,573,449
One or more foreign-born parents
2,451,578

Child is native

2,164,510

Child is foreign born

287,068
Children under age 6 with 2,308,836
Only native parent(s)
1,554,697
One or more foreign-born parents
754,139

Child is native

707,368

Child is foreign born

46,771
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 4,716,191
Only native parent(s)
3,018,752
One or more foreign-born parents
1,697,439

Child is native

1,457,142

Child is foreign born

240,297
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

3,114,711
Only native parents 1,731,277
One or more foreign-born parents 1,383,434
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 65.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 34.9%
Child is native 30.8%
Child is foreign born 4.1%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 67.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 32.7%
Child is native 30.6%
Child is foreign born 2.0%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 64.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 36.0%
Child is native 30.9%
Child is foreign born 5.1%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 55.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 44.4%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 5,551,866
Only native parent(s) 4,005,990
One or more foreign-born parents 1,545,876
Child is native 1,244,705
Child is foreign born 301,171
Children under age 6 with 1,836,105
Only native parent(s) 1,295,183
One or more foreign-born parents 540,922
Child is native 493,805
Child is foreign born 47,117
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 3,715,761
Only native parent(s) 2,710,807
One or more foreign-born parents 1,004,954
Child is native 750,900
Child is foreign born 254,054
Children in Low-Income Families* 2,469,015
Only native parents 1,493,005
One or more foreign-born parents 976,010
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 72.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 27.8%
Child is native 22.4%
Child is foreign born 5.4%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 70.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 29.5%
Child is native 26.9%
Child is foreign born 2.6%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 73.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 27.0%
Child is native 20.2%
Child is foreign born 6.8%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 60.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 39.5%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 4,619,495
Only native parent(s) 3,716,524
One or more foreign-born parents 902,971
Child is native 727,639
Child is foreign born 175,332
Children under age 6 with 1,610,928
Only native parent(s) 1,297,056
One or more foreign-born parents 313,872
Child is native 284,831
Child is foreign born 29,041
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 3,008,567
Only native parent(s) 2,419,468
One or more foreign-born parents 589,099
Child is native 442,808
Child is foreign born 146,291
Children in Low-Income Families* 2,194,541
Only native parents 1,558,028
One or more foreign-born parents 636,513
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 80.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 19.5%
Child is native 15.8%
Child is foreign born 3.8%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 80.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 19.5%
Child is native 17.7%
Child is foreign born 1.8%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 80.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 19.6%
Child is native 14.7%
Child is foreign born 4.9%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 71.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 29.0%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2018 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas, and Matthew Sobek. Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS) USA: Version 8.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2018. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V8.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.