E.g., 04/25/2019
E.g., 04/25/2019

State Demographics Data - TX

Texas

Demographics & Social
2017
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 4,854,140
% Foreign Born 17.1%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2017 67.4%
% change: 1990-2000 90.2%
Race (%)  
One race 98.6%
White
60.0%
Black or African American
5.7%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.4%
Asian
19.1%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.1%
Other race
13.3%
Two or more races 1.4%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 3,201,325
% Latino 66.0%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.9%
5-17 5.9%
18-64 81.5%
65 and older 11.8%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

42.8
Gender (% female) 50.1%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 22.1%
Married 62.7%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 15.1%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 23,450,456
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 30.6%
% change: 1990-2000 16.1%
Race (%)  
One race 97.1%
White 76.8%
Black or African American 13.4%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.5%
Asian 1.8%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.1%
Other race 4.4%
Two or more races 2.9%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 7,957,426
% Latino 33.9%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 8.4%
5-17 21.6%
18-64 57.6%
65 and older 12.3%
Median Age 31.8
Gender (% female) 50.4%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 35.9%
Married 45.3%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 18.8%
Foreign Born
Number 2,899,642
% Foreign Born 13.9%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 17,952,178
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 1,524,436
% Foreign Born 9.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 15,462,074
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

4,854,140
Born in Africa 251,532
Born in Asia 1,065,742
Born in Europe 197,677
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 3,276,474
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 49,742
Born in Oceania 12,973
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 India
Country #3 El Salvador
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

4,854,140
Europe 197,677
Northern Europe 59,814
United Kingdom
48,941
Ireland
2,764
Other Northern Europe
8,109
Western Europe 56,976
France
10,001
Germany
34,239
Other Western Europe
12,736
Southern Europe 19,093
Italy
6,245
Portugal
1,302
Other Southern Europe
11,546
Eastern Europe 61,026
Poland
6,577
Russia
16,447
Other Eastern Europe
38,002
Other Europe (no country specified) 768
Asia 1,065,742
Eastern Asia 214,119
China
137,707

China, excluding Taiwan

106,592

Taiwan

31,115
Japan
18,192
Korea
58,153
Other Eastern Asia
67
South Central Asia 422,862
India
275,230
Iran
32,048
Other South Central Asia
115,584
Southeastern Asia 339,937
Philippines
100,143
Vietnam
181,316
Other Southeastern Asia
58,478
Western Asia 84,838
Israel
3,753
Lebanon
11,934
Other Western Asia
69,151
Other Asia (no country specified) 3,986
Africa 251,532
Eastern Africa 78,824
Northern Africa
25,888
Western Africa
99,206
Middle and Southern Africa
33,800
Other Africa (no country specified)
13,814
Oceania 12,973
Australia and New Zealand subregion 9,321
Oceania (no country specified) 3,652
Americas 3,326,216
Latin America 3,276,474
Caribbean
111,096

Cuba

60,381

Jamaica

12,648

Other Caribbean

38,067
Central America
2,996,216

Mexico

2,533,826

El Salvador

219,944

Other Central America

242,446
South America
169,162

Brazil

18,578

Colombia

47,094

Other South America

103,490
Northern America 49,742
Canada
49,297
Other Northern America
445
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 1,325,416
1990-1999 1,109,709
2000-2009 1,305,451
Since 2010 1,113,564
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 5.2%
Born in Asia 22.0%
Born in Europe 4.1%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 67.5%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 1.0%
Born in Oceania 0.3%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 58.5
Country #2 4.20%
Country #3 4.1
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 4.1%
Northern Europe 1.2%
United Kingdom 1.0%
Ireland 0.1%
Other Northern Europe 0.2%
Western Europe 1.2%
France 0.2%
Germany 0.7%
Other Western Europe 0.3%
Southern Europe 0.4%
Italy 0.1%
Portugal 0.0%
Other Southern Europe 0.2%
Eastern Europe 1.3%
Poland 0.1%
Russia 0.3%
Other Eastern Europe 0.8%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.0%
Asia 22.0%
Eastern Asia 4.4%
China 2.8%
China, excluding Taiwan 2.2%
Taiwan 0.6%
Japan 0.4%
Korea 1.2%
Other Eastern Asia 0.0%
South Central Asia 8.7%
India 5.7%
Iran 0.7%
Other South Central Asia 2.4%
Southeastern Asia 7.0%
Philippines 2.1%
Vietnam 3.7%
Other Southeastern Asia 1.2%
Western Asia 1.7%
Israel 0.1%
Lebanon 0.2%
Other Western Asia 1.4%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.1%
Africa 5.2%
Eastern Africa 1.6%
Northern Africa 0.5%
Western Africa 2.0%
Middle and Southern Africa 0.7%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.3%
Oceania 0.3%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.2%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.1%
Americas 68.5%
Latin America 67.5%
Caribbean 2.3%
Cuba 1.2%
Jamaica 0.3%
Other Caribbean 0.8%
Central America 61.7%
Mexico 52.2%
El Salvador 4.5%
Other Central America 5.0%
South America 3.5%
Brazil 0.4%
Colombia 1.0%
Other South America 2.1%
Northern America 1.0%
Canada 1.0%
Other Northern America 0.0%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 27.3%
1980-1989 22.9%
1990-1999 26.9%
Since 2000 22.9%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 2,899,642
Born in Africa 64,470
Born in Asia 466,218
Born in Europe 152,327
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 2,172,476
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 37,165
Cat28 6,984
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 Vietnam
Country #3 El Salvador
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 2.2%
Born in Asia 16.1%
Born in Europe 5.3%
Born in Latin America 74.9%
Born in Northern America 1.3%
Born in Oceania 0.2%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 64.8
Country #2 3.70%
Country #3 3.5
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 1,469,947
Born in Africa 27,297
Born in Asia 248,878
Born in Europe 110,391
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 1,056,946
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 22,404
Cat21 4,031
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 445
Country #2 Vietnam
Country #3 El Salvador
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 1.9%
Born in Asia 16.9%
Born in Europe 7.5%
Born in Latin America 71.9%
Born in Northern America 1.5%
Born in Oceania 0.3%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 59.4
Country #2 3.60%
Country #3 3.10%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 4,854,140
Naturalized citizens 1,812,428
Noncitizens 3,041,712
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 1,812,428
Before 1980 137,408
1980-1989 195,803
1990-1999 394,108
2000-2009 567,413
Since 2010 517,696
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 37.3%
Noncitizens 62.7%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 7.6%
1980-1989 10.8%
1990-1999 21.7%
2000-2009 31.3%
Since 2010 28.6%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 2,899,642
Naturalized citizens 914,326
Noncitizens 1,985,316
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 31.5%
Noncitizens 68.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 1,524,436
Naturalized citizens 515,190
Noncitizens 1,009,246
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 33.8%
Noncitizens 66.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 1,504,002
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 96,123
% married among women who gave birth
82.6%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
17.4%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 5,490,870
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 298,998
% married among women who gave birth 63.8%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 36.2%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2012-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3.56
Average family size 4
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.7
Average family size 3.32
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 7,012,776
Only native parent(s)
4,523,515
One or more foreign-born parents
2,489,261

Child is native

2,197,171

Child is foreign born

292,090
Children under age 6 with 2,312,580
Only native parent(s)
1,554,364
One or more foreign-born parents
758,216

Child is native

708,392

Child is foreign born

49,824
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 4,700,196
Only native parent(s)
2,969,151
One or more foreign-born parents
1,731,045

Child is native

1,488,779

Child is foreign born

242,266
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

3,115,461
Only native parents 1,703,894
One or more foreign-born parents 1,411,567
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 64.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 35.5%
Child is native 31.3%
Child is foreign born 4.2%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 67.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 32.8%
Child is native 30.6%
Child is foreign born 2.2%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 63.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 36.8%
Child is native 31.7%
Child is foreign born 5.2%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 54.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 45.3%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 5,551,866
Only native parent(s) 4,005,990
One or more foreign-born parents 1,545,876
Child is native 1,244,705
Child is foreign born 301,171
Children under age 6 with 1,836,105
Only native parent(s) 1,295,183
One or more foreign-born parents 540,922
Child is native 493,805
Child is foreign born 47,117
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 3,715,761
Only native parent(s) 2,710,807
One or more foreign-born parents 1,004,954
Child is native 750,900
Child is foreign born 254,054
Children in Low-Income Families* 2,469,015
Only native parents 1,493,005
One or more foreign-born parents 976,010
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 72.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 27.8%
Child is native 22.4%
Child is foreign born 5.4%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 70.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 29.5%
Child is native 26.9%
Child is foreign born 2.6%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 73.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 27.0%
Child is native 20.2%
Child is foreign born 6.8%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 60.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 39.5%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 4,619,495
Only native parent(s) 3,716,524
One or more foreign-born parents 902,971
Child is native 727,639
Child is foreign born 175,332
Children under age 6 with 1,610,928
Only native parent(s) 1,297,056
One or more foreign-born parents 313,872
Child is native 284,831
Child is foreign born 29,041
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 3,008,567
Only native parent(s) 2,419,468
One or more foreign-born parents 589,099
Child is native 442,808
Child is foreign born 146,291
Children in Low-Income Families* 2,194,541
Only native parents 1,558,028
One or more foreign-born parents 636,513
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 80.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 19.5%
Child is native 15.8%
Child is foreign born 3.8%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 80.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 19.5%
Child is native 17.7%
Child is foreign born 1.8%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 80.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 19.6%
Child is native 14.7%
Child is foreign born 4.9%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 71.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 29.0%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2017 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas, and Matthew Sobek. Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS) USA: Version 8.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2018. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V8.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.