E.g., 10/22/2018
E.g., 10/22/2018

State Demographics Data - TX

Texas

Demographics & Social
2016
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 4,729,920
% Foreign Born 17.0%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2016 63.1%
% change: 1990-2000 90.2%
Race (%)  
One race 98.6%
White
60.6%
Black or African American
5.4%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.4%
Asian
18.9%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.1%
Other race
13.3%
Two or more races 1.4%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 3,169,339
% Latino 67.0%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.8%
5-17 5.6%
18-64 82.3%
65 and older 11.2%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2012-2016 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2016 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

42.5
Gender (% female) 49.7%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 23.0%
Married 62.2%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 14.8%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 23,132,676
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 28.9%
% change: 1990-2000 16.1%
Race (%)  
One race 97.2%
White 77.1%
Black or African American 13.4%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.5%
Asian 1.8%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.1%
Other race 4.3%
Two or more races 2.8%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 7,713,940
% Latino 33.3%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 8.5%
5-17 21.7%
18-64 57.6%
65 and older 12.2%
Median Age 31.6
Gender (% female) 50.5%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 35.8%
Married 45.1%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 19.1%
Foreign Born
Number 2,899,642
% Foreign Born 13.9%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 17,952,178
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 1,524,436
% Foreign Born 9.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 15,462,074
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

4,729,920
Born in Africa 235,680
Born in Asia 999,841
Born in Europe 192,786
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 3,244,194
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 43,337
Born in Oceania 14,082
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 India
Country #3 El Salvador
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

4,729,920
Europe 192,786
Northern Europe 57,158
United Kingdom
46,287
Ireland
3,964
Other Northern Europe
6,907
Western Europe 54,081
France
11,182
Germany
34,023
Other Western Europe
8,876
Southern Europe 23,541
Italy
6,115
Portugal
1,425
Other Southern Europe
16,001
Eastern Europe 57,758
Poland
7,506
Russia
14,178
Other Eastern Europe
36,074
Other Europe (no country specified) 248
Asia 999,841
Eastern Asia 202,942
China
142,574

China, excluding Taiwan

115,374

Taiwan

27,200
Japan
11,417
Korea
48,951
Other Eastern Asia
0
South Central Asia 373,995
India
242,514
Iran
24,635
Other South Central Asia
106,846
Southeastern Asia 351,184
Philippines
98,870
Vietnam
185,177
Other Southeastern Asia
67,137
Western Asia 68,855
Israel
5,348
Lebanon
8,838
Other Western Asia
54,669
Other Asia (no country specified) 2,865
Africa 235,680
Eastern Africa 61,979
Northern Africa
19,168
Western Africa
105,113
Middle and Southern Africa
35,103
Other Africa (no country specified)
14,317
Oceania 14,082
Australia and New Zealand subregion 10,877
Oceania (no country specified) 3,205
Americas 3,287,531
Latin America 3,244,194
Caribbean
102,357

Cuba

53,914

Jamaica

14,943

Other Caribbean

33,500
Central America
2,996,609

Mexico

2,589,058

El Salvador

197,601

Other Central America

209,950
South America
145,228

Brazil

18,320

Colombia

41,289

Other South America

85,619
Northern America 43,337
Canada
42,681
Other Northern America
656
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 1,332,088
1990-1999 1,142,327
2000-2009 1,338,172
Since 2010 917,333
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 5.0%
Born in Asia 21.1%
Born in Europe 4.1%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 68.6%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 0.9%
Born in Oceania 0.3%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 58.50
Country #2 4.20%
Country #3 4.10
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 4.1%
Northern Europe 1.2%
United Kingdom 1.0%
Ireland 0.1%
Other Northern Europe 0.1%
Western Europe 1.1%
France 0.2%
Germany 0.7%
Other Western Europe 0.2%
Southern Europe 0.5%
Italy 0.1%
Portugal 0.0%
Other Southern Europe 0.3%
Eastern Europe 1.2%
Poland 0.2%
Russia 0.3%
Other Eastern Europe 0.8%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.0%
Asia 21.1%
Eastern Asia 4.3%
China 3.0%
China, excluding Taiwan 2.4%
Taiwan 0.6%
Japan 0.2%
Korea 1.0%
Other Eastern Asia 0.0%
South Central Asia 7.9%
India 5.1%
Iran 0.5%
Other South Central Asia 2.3%
Southeastern Asia 7.4%
Philippines 2.1%
Vietnam 3.9%
Other Southeastern Asia 1.4%
Western Asia 1.5%
Israel 0.1%
Lebanon 0.2%
Other Western Asia 1.2%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.1%
Africa 5.0%
Eastern Africa 1.3%
Northern Africa 0.4%
Western Africa 2.2%
Middle and Southern Africa 0.7%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.3%
Oceania 0.3%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.2%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.1%
Americas 69.5%
Latin America 68.6%
Caribbean 2.2%
Cuba 1.1%
Jamaica 0.3%
Other Caribbean 0.7%
Central America 63.4%
Mexico 54.7%
El Salvador 4.2%
Other Central America 4.4%
South America 3.1%
Brazil 0.4%
Colombia 0.9%
Other South America 1.8%
Northern America 0.9%
Canada 0.9%
Other Northern America 0.0%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 28.2%
1980-1989 24.2%
1990-1999 28.3%
Since 2000 19.4%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 2,899,642
Born in Africa 64,470
Born in Asia 466,218
Born in Europe 152,327
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 2,172,476
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 37,165
Cat28 6,984
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 Vietnam
Country #3 El Salvador
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 2.2%
Born in Asia 16.1%
Born in Europe 5.3%
Born in Latin America 74.9%
Born in Northern America 1.3%
Born in Oceania 0.2%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 64.80
Country #2 3.70%
Country #3 3.50
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 1,469,947
Born in Africa 27,297
Born in Asia 248,878
Born in Europe 110,391
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 1,056,946
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 22,404
Cat21 4,031
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 Vietnam
Country #3 El Salvador
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 1.9%
Born in Asia 16.9%
Born in Europe 7.5%
Born in Latin America 71.9%
Born in Northern America 1.5%
Born in Oceania 0.3%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 59.40
Country #2 3.60%
Country #3 3.10%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 4,729,920
Naturalized citizens 1,748,614
Noncitizens 2,981,306
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 1,748,614
Before 1980 130,736
1980-1989 199,326
1990-1999 386,561
2000-2009 579,757
Since 2010 452,234
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 37.0%
Noncitizens 63.0%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 7.5%
1980-1989 11.4%
1990-1999 22.1%
2000-2009 33.2%
Since 2010 25.9%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 2,899,642
Naturalized citizens 914,326
Noncitizens 1,985,316
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 31.5%
Noncitizens 68.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 1,524,436
Naturalized citizens 515,190
Noncitizens 1,009,246
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 33.8%
Noncitizens 66.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 1,472,190
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 100,580
% married among women who gave birth
79.1%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
20.9%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 5,417,232
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 302,786
% married among women who gave birth 61.3%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 38.7%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2012-2016 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2016 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3.55
Average family size 4.00
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.68
Average family size 3.31
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 6,948,492
Only native parent(s)
4,536,107
One or more foreign-born parents
2,412,385

Child is native

2,140,549

Child is foreign born

271,836
Children under age 6 with 2,313,331
Only native parent(s)
1,546,612
One or more foreign-born parents
766,719

Child is native

718,556

Child is foreign born

48,163
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 4,635,161
Only native parent(s)
2,989,495
One or more foreign-born parents
1,645,666

Child is native

1,421,993

Child is foreign born

223,673
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

3,210,860
Only native parents 1,788,927
One or more foreign-born parents 1,421,933
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 65.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 34.7%
Child is native 30.8%
Child is foreign born 3.9%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 66.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 33.1%
Child is native 31.1%
Child is foreign born 2.1%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 64.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 35.5%
Child is native 30.7%
Child is foreign born 4.8%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 55.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 44.3%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 5,551,866
Only native parent(s) 4,005,990
One or more foreign-born parents 1,545,876
Child is native 1,244,705
Child is foreign born 301,171
Children under age 6 with 1,836,105
Only native parent(s) 1,295,183
One or more foreign-born parents 540,922
Child is native 493,805
Child is foreign born 47,117
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 3,715,761
Only native parent(s) 2,710,807
One or more foreign-born parents 1,004,954
Child is native 750,900
Child is foreign born 254,054
Children in Low-Income Families* 2,469,015
Only native parents 1,493,005
One or more foreign-born parents 976,010
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 72.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 27.8%
Child is native 22.4%
Child is foreign born 5.4%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 70.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 29.5%
Child is native 26.9%
Child is foreign born 2.6%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 73.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 27.0%
Child is native 20.2%
Child is foreign born 6.8%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 60.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 39.5%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 4,619,495
Only native parent(s) 3,716,524
One or more foreign-born parents 902,971
Child is native 727,639
Child is foreign born 175,332
Children under age 6 with 1,610,928
Only native parent(s) 1,297,056
One or more foreign-born parents 313,872
Child is native 284,831
Child is foreign born 29,041
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 3,008,567
Only native parent(s) 2,419,468
One or more foreign-born parents 589,099
Child is native 442,808
Child is foreign born 146,291
Children in Low-Income Families* 2,194,541
Only native parents 1,558,028
One or more foreign-born parents 636,513
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 80.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 19.5%
Child is native 15.8%
Child is foreign born 3.8%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 80.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 19.5%
Child is native 17.7%
Child is foreign born 1.8%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 80.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 19.6%
Child is native 14.7%
Child is foreign born 4.9%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 71.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 29.0%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2016 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2012-2016 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2016 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.