E.g., 06/30/2024
E.g., 06/30/2024
State Demographics Data - TX
 

Texas

Demographics & Social
2022
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 5,169,126
% Foreign Born 17.2%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2022 78.3%
% change: 1990-2000 90.2%
Race (%)  
One race 65.0%
White
15.3%
Black or African American
6.0%
American Indian and Alaska Native
1.3%
Asian
21.2%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.1%
Other race
21.0%
Two or more races 35.0%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 3,283,087
% Latino 63.5%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.8%
5-17 6.1%
18-64 79.4%
65 and older 13.7%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau’s pooled 2018-2022 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2022 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

44.6
Gender (% female) 50.0%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 21.4%
Married 63.7%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 14.9%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 24,860,446
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 38.5%
% change: 1990-2000 16.1%
Race (%)  
One race 78.5%
White 54.3%
Black or African American 13.3%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.7%
Asian 2.2%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.1%
Other race 7.8%
Two or more races 21.5%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 8,787,555
% Latino 35.3%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 7.4%
5-17 21.1%
18-64 58.1%
65 and older 13.4%
Median Age 32.5
Gender (% female) 50.0%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 37.6%
Married 45.4%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 16.9%
Foreign Born
Number 2,899,642
% Foreign Born 13.9%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
U.S. Born
Number 17,952,178
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Foreign Born
Number 1,524,436
% Foreign Born 9.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 15,462,074
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

5,169,126
Born in Africa 302,525
Born in Asia 1,218,799
Born in Europe 222,731
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 3,352,544
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 57,755
Born in Oceania 14,772
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

 
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

5,169,126
Europe 222,731
Northern Europe 62,131
United Kingdom
50,296
Ireland
5,019
Other Northern Europe
6,816
Western Europe 60,800
France
12,892
Germany
36,555
Other Western Europe
11,353
Southern Europe 22,092
Italy
6,120
Portugal
992
Other Southern Europe
14,980
Eastern Europe 76,103
Poland
8,790
Russia
20,290
Other Eastern Europe
47,023
Other Europe (no country specified) 1,605
Asia 1,218,799
Eastern Asia 241,224
China
156,090

China, excluding Taiwan

127,328

Taiwan

28,762
Japan
18,964
Korea
65,399
Other Eastern Asia
771
South Central Asia 529,100
India
343,210
Iran
25,105
Other South Central Asia
160,785
Southeastern Asia 352,868
Philippines
105,276
Vietnam
177,147
Other Southeastern Asia
70,445
Western Asia 90,251
Israel
4,890
Lebanon
9,268
Other Western Asia
76,093
Other Asia (no country specified) 5,356
Africa 302,525
Eastern Africa 74,151
Northern Africa 32,614
Western Africa 135,305
Middle and Southern Africa 53,956
Other Africa (no country specified) 6,499
Oceania 14,772
Australia and New Zealand subregion 9,352
Oceania (no country specified) 5,420
Americas 3,410,299
Latin America 3,352,544
Caribbean
134,255

Cuba

72,993

Jamaica

16,778

Other Caribbean

44,484
Central America
2,960,324

Mexico

2,386,805

El Salvador

241,650

Other Central America

331,869
South America
257,965

Brazil

25,784

Colombia

63,908

Other South America

168,273
Northern America 57,755
Canada
57,057
Other Northern America
698
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 1,177,691
1990-1999 1,007,078
2000-2009 1,210,328
Since 2010 1,774,029
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 5.9%
Born in Asia 23.6%
Born in Europe 4.3%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 64.9%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 1.1%
Born in Oceania 0.3%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 4.3%
Northern Europe 1.2%
United Kingdom 1.0%
Ireland 0.1%
Other Northern Europe 0.1%
Western Europe 1.2%
France 0.2%
Germany 0.7%
Other Western Europe 0.2%
Southern Europe 0.4%
Italy 0.1%
Portugal N
Other Southern Europe 0.3%
Eastern Europe 1.5%
Poland 0.2%
Russia 0.4%
Other Eastern Europe 0.9%
Other Europe (no country specified) N
Asia 23.6%
Eastern Asia 4.7%
China 3.0%
China, excluding Taiwan 2.5%
Taiwan 0.6%
Japan 0.4%
Korea 1.3%
Other Eastern Asia N
South Central Asia 10.2%
India 6.6%
Iran 0.5%
Other South Central Asia 3.1%
Southeastern Asia 6.8%
Philippines 2.0%
Vietnam 3.4%
Other Southeastern Asia 1.4%
Western Asia 1.7%
Israel 0.1%
Lebanon 0.2%
Other Western Asia 1.5%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.1%
Africa 5.9%
Eastern Africa 1.4%
Northern Africa 0.6%
Western Africa 2.6%
Middle and Southern Africa 1.0%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.1%
Oceania 0.3%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.2%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.1%
Americas 66.0%
Latin America 64.9%
Caribbean 2.6%
Cuba 1.4%
Jamaica 0.3%
Other Caribbean 0.9%
Central America 57.3%
Mexico 46.2%
El Salvador 4.7%
Other Central America 6.4%
South America 5.0%
Brazil 0.5%
Colombia 1.2%
Other South America 3.3%
Northern America 1.1%
Canada 1.1%
Other Northern America N
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 22.8%
1980-1989 19.5%
1990-1999 23.4%
Since 2000 34.3%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 2,899,642
Born in Africa 64,470
Born in Asia 466,218
Born in Europe 152,327
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 2,172,476
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 37,165
Cat28 6,984
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 2.2%
Born in Asia 16.1%
Born in Europe 5.3%
Born in Latin America 74.9%
Born in Northern America 1.3%
Born in Oceania 0.2%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 1,469,947
Born in Africa 27,297
Born in Asia 248,878
Born in Europe 110,391
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 1,056,946
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 22,404
Cat21 4,031
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 1.9%
Born in Asia 16.9%
Born in Europe 7.5%
Born in Latin America 71.9%
Born in Northern America 1.5%
Born in Oceania 0.3%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 5,169,126
Naturalized citizens 2,245,345
Noncitizens 2,923,781
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 2,245,345
Before 1990 322,597
1990-1999 361,828
2000-2009 556,245
2010-2014 331,602
Since 2015 673,073
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 43.4%
Noncitizens 56.6%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 14.4%
1980-1989 16.1%
1990-1999 24.8%
2000-2009 14.8%
Since 2010 30.0%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 2,899,642
Naturalized citizens 914,326
Noncitizens 1,985,316
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 31.5%
Noncitizens 68.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 1,524,436
Naturalized citizens 515,190
Noncitizens 1,009,246
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 33.8%
Noncitizens 66.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 1,486,190
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 96,170
% married among women who gave birth
78.6%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
21.4%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 5,917,972
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 324,293
% married among women who gave birth 66.2%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 33.8%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S Census Bureau’s pooled 2018-2022 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2022 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3.22
Average family size 3.64
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.51
Average family size 3.13
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers to children between ages 0 and 17 (regardless of their nativity) who reside with at least one parent. This means that the number of children shown here is smaller than the overall number of U.S. children under 18. Since 2013, the U.S. Census Bureau includes children of same-sex married couples in its count of children in families and subfamilies.

 
Children under age 18 with 7,095,507
Only native parent(s)
4,748,383
One or more foreign-born parents
2,347,124

Child is native

2,031,108

Child is foreign born

316,016
Children under age 6 with 2,210,690
Only native parent(s)
1,534,971
One or more foreign-born parents
675,719

Child is native

626,534

Child is foreign born

49,185
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 4,884,817
Only native parent(s)
3,213,412
One or more foreign-born parents
1,671,405

Child is native

1,404,574

Child is foreign born

266,831
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers to children between ages 0 and 17 (regardless of their nativity) who reside with at least one parent. This means that the number of children shown here is smaller than the overall number of U.S. children under 18. Since 2013, the U.S. Census Bureau includes children of same-sex married couples in its count of children in families and subfamilies. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

2,903,282
Only native parents 1,736,368
One or more foreign-born parents 1,166,914
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 66.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 33.1%
Child is native 28.6%
Child is foreign born 4.5%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 69.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 30.6%
Child is native 28.3%
Child is foreign born 2.2%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 65.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 34.2%
Child is native 28.8%
Child is foreign born 5.5%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 59.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 40.2%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 5,551,866
Only native parent(s) 4,005,990
One or more foreign-born parents 1,545,876
Child is native 1,244,705
Child is foreign born 301,171
Children under age 6 with 1,836,105
Only native parent(s) 1,295,183
One or more foreign-born parents 540,922
Child is native 493,805
Child is foreign born 47,117
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 3,715,761
Only native parent(s) 2,710,807
One or more foreign-born parents 1,004,954
Child is native 750,900
Child is foreign born 254,054
Children in Low-Income Families* 2,469,015
Only native parents 1,493,005
One or more foreign-born parents 976,010
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 72.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 27.8%
Child is native 22.4%
Child is foreign born 5.4%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 70.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 29.5%
Child is native 26.9%
Child is foreign born 2.6%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 73.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 27.0%
Child is native 20.2%
Child is foreign born 6.8%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 60.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 39.5%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 4,619,495
Only native parent(s) 3,716,524
One or more foreign-born parents 902,971
Child is native 727,639
Child is foreign born 175,332
Children under age 6 with 1,610,928
Only native parent(s) 1,297,056
One or more foreign-born parents 313,872
Child is native 284,831
Child is foreign born 29,041
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 3,008,567
Only native parent(s) 2,419,468
One or more foreign-born parents 589,099
Child is native 442,808
Child is foreign born 146,291
Children in Low-Income Families* 2,194,541
Only native parents 1,558,028
One or more foreign-born parents 636,513
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 80.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 19.5%
Child is native 15.8%
Child is foreign born 3.8%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 80.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 19.5%
Child is native 17.7%
Child is foreign born 1.8%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 80.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 19.6%
Child is native 14.7%
Child is foreign born 4.9%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 71.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 29.0%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2022 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, click here. For ACS methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Matthew Sobek, Daniel Backman, Annie Chen, Grace Cooper, Stephanie Richards, Renae Rogers, and Megan Schouweiler. IPUMS USA: Version 14.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2023. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V14.0​.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • Race and Hispanic origin: In preparation for the 2020 Decennial Census, the Census Bureau has made some improvements and changes in how the respondents were asked about their race and Hispanic origin on the 2020 decennial Census form. The goal was to achieve a more accurate portrait of how U.S. residents self-identify. The same changes in the questionnaire design were implemented in the subsequent ACS as well. Note that the racial composition of the U.S. population in the current ACS looks different from pre-2020 data. For instance, the proportion of people who reported “two or more races” has increased, while the proportion of “white alone” decreased, reflecting both the growth of a more racially diverse population and the changes in the questionnaire design. Race and Hispanic origin comparisons between the current ACS and pre-2020 data should be made with caution, taking into account the changes in the questionnaire design. For more details, visit the Census Bureau’s Resource Library.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2018-2022 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2022 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Children: The data here include children between ages 0 and 17 (regardless of their nativity) who reside with at least one parent. This means that the number of children shown here is smaller than the overall number of U.S. children under 18. Since 2013, the U.S. Census Bureau has included children of same-sex married couples in its count of children in families and subfamilies.