E.g., 06/30/2022
E.g., 06/30/2022
State Income Data - OH
 

Ohio

Income & Poverty
2019
2000
1990
Poverty

Note: Poverty status is not determined for unrelated individuals under the age of 15 (such as foster children) or for persons lacking conventional housing.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%)

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.

547,824
Below 100% of the poverty level 16.0%
100-199% of the poverty level 19.2%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 64.8%
People in Poverty: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2019 93.0%
% change: 1990-2000 46.3%
% Families in Poverty by Family Type

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.

 
All families (among those for whom poverty status is determined) 13.1%
With related children under age 18
17.7%
With related children under age 5
11.7%
Married-couple families 8.8%
With related children under age 18
11.1%
With related children under age 5
5.8%
Families with female householder, no husband present 32.3%
With related children under age 18
40.8%
With related children under age 5
51.2%
Poverty by U.S. Citizenship Status (among the foreign born)  
Naturalized citizens 289,304
Below 100% of the poverty level
10.6%
100-199% of the poverty level
16.4%
At or above 200% of the poverty level
73.0%
Noncitizens 258,520
Below 100% of the poverty level
22.2%
100-199% of the poverty level
22.4%
At or above 200% of the poverty level
55.4%
Foreign Born Living in Poverty by Region of Birth

Note: The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Born in Africa N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N
Born in Asia 232,718
Below 100% of the poverty level
13.3%
Born in Europe 93,759
Below 100% of the poverty level
10.5%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 110,613
Below 100% of the poverty level
18.0%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N
Born in Oceania N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 10,814,562
Below 100% of the poverty level 12.9%
100-199% of the poverty level 16.8%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 70.3%
People in Poverty: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 23.8%
% change: 1990-2000 -11.2%
% Families in Poverty by Family Type  
All families (among those for whom poverty status is determined) 8.9%
With related children under age 18
15.6%
With related children under age 5
16.9%
Married-couple families 3.1%
With related children under age 18
4.3%
With related children under age 5
3.7%
Families with female householder, no husband present 28.2%
With related children under age 18
38.3%
With related children under age 5
46.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 338,946
Below 100% of the poverty level 13.4%
100-199% of the poverty level 16.2%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 70.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 10,733,409
Below 100% of the poverty level 10.5%
100-199% of the poverty level 16.1%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 73.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 246,423
Below 100% of the poverty level 12.6%
100-199% of the poverty level 16.9%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 70.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 10,315,632
Below 100% of the poverty level 12.3%
100-199% of the poverty level 17.0%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 70.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Poverty by Language Spoken at Home Number
Household population (among those for whom poverty status is determined, age 5 and older) 10,688,809
Below 100% of the poverty level 1,341,168
Speaks only English
9,885,090
Below 100% of the poverty level 1,201,150
Speaks Spanish
258,391
Below 100% of the poverty level 56,937
Speaks other Indo-European languages
292,515
Below 100% of the poverty level 33,038
Speaks Asian or Pacific Island languages
136,102
Below 100% of the poverty level 18,471
Speaks other languages
116,711
Below 100% of the poverty level 31,572
%
Household population (among those for whom poverty status is determined, age 5 and older) 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 12.5%
Speaks only English 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 12.2%
Speaks only Spanish 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 22.0%
Speaks other Indo-European languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 11.3%
Speaks Asian or Pacific Island languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 13.6%
Speaks other languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 27.1%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Earnings

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.

Foreign Born
Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older). Earnings in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) 235,702
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss 1.6%
Earned $10,000-$14,999 2.5%
Earned $15,000-$24,999 13.7%
Earned $25,000-$34,999 18.3%
Earned $35,000-$49,999 17.7%
Earned $50,000-$74,999 18.0%
Earned $75,000 or more 28.2%
Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) Earnings in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) by U.S. Citizenship  
Naturalized citizens (%) 125,486
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss
1.2%
Earned $10,000-$14,999
2.4%
Earned $15,000-$24,999
10.4%
Earned $25,000-$34,999
16.1%
Earned $35,000-$49,999
17.6%
Earned $50,000-$74,999
18.9%
Earned $75,000 or more
33.5%
Noncitizens (%) 110,216
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss
1.9%
Earned $10,000-$14,999
2.7%
Earned $15,000-$24,999
17.4%
Earned $25,000-$34,999
20.9%
Earned $35,000-$49,999
17.8%
Earned $50,000-$74,999
17.0%
Earned $75,000 or more
22.2%
Median Earnings of Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars by Gender Foreign Born
Male $50,990
Female $37,149
Median Earnings of Foreign-Born Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars by U.S. Citizenship Status and Gender  
Naturalized citizens  
Male
$61,026
Female
$41,321
Noncitizens  
Male
$42,042
Female
$32,005
U.S. Born
Earnings of Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) 3,824,380
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss 1.6%
Earned $10,000-$14,999 2.4%
Earned $15,000-$24,999 10.5%
Earned $25,000-$34,999 16.0%
Earned $35,000-$49,999 21.6%
Earned $50,000-$74,999 24.7%
Earned $75,000 or more 23.3%
Nothing 1  
Nothing 2  
Nothing 3  
Nothing 4  
Nothing 5  
Nothing 6  
Nothing 7  
Nothing 8  
Nothing 9  
Nothing 10  
Nothing 11  
Nothing 12  
Nothing 13  
Nothing 14  
Nothing 15  
Nothing 16  
Nothing 17  
Native Born Native Born
Male $52,087
Female $41,307
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Median Household Income

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.

Foreign Born
Median Household Income $57,562
Median Household Income by U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized citizens $63,657
Noncitizens $50,208
U.S. Born
Median Household Income $58,711
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
Home Ownership Rate

Note: 1) Refers to the percentage owner households represent among all occupied households. 2) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS. 3) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Home Ownership Rate 52.2%
Home Ownership Rate by Householder's U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized citizens 67.8%
Noncitizens 30.3%
U.S. Born
Home Ownership Rate 66.8%
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
Health Insurance Coverage

Note: Since some people may hold both private and public health insurance coverage at the same time, estimates of those with private health insurance and those with public coverage may overlap. Their sum therefore may be greater than the total number of people with health insurance.

Foreign Born
Civilian noninstitutionalized population (%) 555,967
With health insurance 83.6%
With private health insurance
61.9%
With public coverage
29.3%
No health insurance coverage 16.4%
Health Insurance Coverage by U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized Citizens (%) 290,657
With health insurance 91.6%
With private health insurance
64.2%
With public coverage
39.5%
No health insurance coverage 8.4%
Noncitizens (%) 265,310
With health insurance 74.8%
With private health insurance
59.3%
With public coverage
18.1%
No health insurance coverage 25.2%
U.S. Born
Civilian noninstitutionalized population (%) 10,958,984
With health insurance 93.9%
With private health insurance
69.3%
With public coverage
37.6%
No health insurance coverage 6.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2019 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas and Matthew Sobek. IPUMS USA: Version 10.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2020. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V10.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • Poverty status is not determined for unrelated individuals under the age of 15 (such as foster children) or for persons lacking conventional housing. 
  • The term “home ownership rate” refers to the percentage owner households represent among all occupied households.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Poverty,” “Earnings,” “Median Household Income,” and “Home Ownership Rate”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.
  • In the “% Families in Poverty by Family Type” section, “related children” refer to “related children of the householder.”
  • “Health Insurance Coverage”: Private coverage includes employer- or union-provided insurance, insurance purchased directly, and TRICARE (the health program of the U.S. military) or other military health care. Public coverage includes Medicare, Medicaid, or another governmental medical assistance program, and Veterans Administration health care. Individuals can be covered by more than one type of insurance, and they can be covered by both private and public insurers. Since some people may hold both private and public health insurance coverage at the same time, estimates of those with private health insurance and those with public coverage may overlap. Their sum therefore may be greater than the total number of people with health insurance.