E.g., 08/17/2018
E.g., 08/17/2018

State Demographics Data - OH

Ohio

Demographics & Social
2016
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 513,592
% Foreign Born 4.4%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2016 51.4%
% change: 1990-2000 30.7%
Race (%)  
One race 97.2%
White
44.5%
Black or African American
12.9%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.2%
Asian
33.7%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.2%
Other race
5.8%
Two or more races 2.8%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 84,245
% Latino 16.4%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 1.1%
5-17 6.5%
18-64 76.7%
65 and older 15.8%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2012-2016 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2016 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

40.8
Gender (% female) 49.9%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 24.3%
Married 60.7%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 14.9%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 11,100,781
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 0.8%
% change: 1990-2000 4.0%
Race (%)  
One race 97.2%
White 83.3%
Black or African American 12.4%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.2%
Asian 0.6%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.0%
Other race 0.7%
Two or more races 2.8%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 335,836
% Latino 3.0%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 6.2%
5-17 17.0%
18-64 60.6%
65 and older 16.3%
Median Age 39.2
Gender (% female) 51.0%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 32.9%
Married 46.7%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 20.4%
Foreign Born
Number 339,279
% Foreign Born 3.0%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 11,013,861
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 259,673
% Foreign Born 2.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 10,587,442
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

513,592
Born in Africa 68,859
Born in Asia 221,915
Born in Europe 111,622
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 94,011
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 14,648
Born in Oceania 2,537
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1 India
Country #2 Mexico
Country #3 China (exc. Taiwan)
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

513,592
Europe 111,622
Northern Europe 16,962
United Kingdom
12,943
Ireland
2,157
Other Northern Europe
1,862
Western Europe 21,033
France
2,070
Germany
14,381
Other Western Europe
4,582
Southern Europe 13,326
Italy
7,206
Portugal
300
Other Southern Europe
5,820
Eastern Europe 60,143
Poland
4,879
Russia
12,796
Other Eastern Europe
42,468
Other Europe (no country specified) 158
Asia 221,915
Eastern Asia 56,332
China
35,936

China, excluding Taiwan

32,243

Taiwan

3,693
Japan
7,841
Korea
12,555
Other Eastern Asia
0
South Central Asia 91,956
India
59,540
Iran
3,195
Other South Central Asia
29,221
Southeastern Asia 39,007
Philippines
14,898
Vietnam
11,656
Other Southeastern Asia
12,453
Western Asia 31,862
Israel
1,260
Lebanon
4,481
Other Western Asia
26,121
Other Asia (no country specified) 2,758
Africa 68,859
Eastern Africa 24,117
Northern Africa
11,219
Western Africa
24,626
Middle and Southern Africa
5,968
Other Africa (no country specified)
2,929
Oceania 2,537
Australia and New Zealand subregion 2,238
Oceania (no country specified) 299
Americas 108,659
Latin America 94,011
Caribbean
14,025

Cuba

1,948

Jamaica

3,330

Other Caribbean

8,747
Central America
62,273

Mexico

40,112

El Salvador

5,728

Other Central America

16,433
South America
17,713

Brazil

3,319

Colombia

2,756

Other South America

11,638
Northern America 14,648
Canada
14,364
Other Northern America
284
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 131,942
1990-1999 91,145
2000-2009 152,417
Since 2010 138,088
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 13.4%
Born in Asia 43.2%
Born in Europe 21.7%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 18.3%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 2.9%
Born in Oceania 0.5%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 10.40
Country #2 9.60%
Country #3 6.90
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 21.7%
Northern Europe 3.3%
United Kingdom 2.5%
Ireland 0.4%
Other Northern Europe 0.4%
Western Europe 4.1%
France 0.4%
Germany 2.8%
Other Western Europe 0.9%
Southern Europe 2.6%
Italy 1.4%
Portugal 0.1%
Other Southern Europe 1.1%
Eastern Europe 11.7%
Poland 0.9%
Russia 2.5%
Other Eastern Europe 8.3%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.0%
Asia 43.2%
Eastern Asia 11.0%
China 7.0%
China, excluding Taiwan 6.3%
Taiwan 0.7%
Japan 1.5%
Korea 2.4%
Other Eastern Asia 0.0%
South Central Asia 17.9%
India 11.6%
Iran 0.6%
Other South Central Asia 5.7%
Southeastern Asia 7.6%
Philippines 2.9%
Vietnam 2.3%
Other Southeastern Asia 2.4%
Western Asia 6.2%
Israel 0.2%
Lebanon 0.9%
Other Western Asia 5.1%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.5%
Africa 13.4%
Eastern Africa 4.7%
Northern Africa 2.2%
Western Africa 4.8%
Middle and Southern Africa 1.2%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.6%
Oceania 0.5%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.4%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.1%
Americas 21.2%
Latin America 18.3%
Caribbean 2.7%
Cuba 0.4%
Jamaica 0.6%
Other Caribbean 1.7%
Central America 12.1%
Mexico 7.8%
El Salvador 1.1%
Other Central America 3.2%
South America 3.4%
Brazil 0.6%
Colombia 0.5%
Other South America 2.3%
Northern America 2.9%
Canada 2.8%
Other Northern America 0.1%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 25.7%
1980-1989 17.7%
1990-1999 29.7%
Since 2000 26.9%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 339,279
Born in Africa 22,034
Born in Asia 120,213
Born in Europe 131,683
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 47,124
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 16,581
Cat28 1,632
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 India
Country #2 Germany
Country #3 Mexico
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 6.5%
Born in Asia 35.4%
Born in Europe 38.8%
Born in Latin America 13.9%
Born in Northern America 4.9%
Born in Oceania 0.5%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 7.80%
Country #2 6.30%
Country #3 6.10
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 253,455
Born in Africa 7,059
Born in Asia 73,547
Born in Europe 138,877
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 18,154
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 14,829
Cat21 989
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Germany
Country #2 Italy
Country #3 United Kingdom
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 2.8%
Born in Asia 29.0%
Born in Europe 54.8%
Born in Latin America 7.2%
Born in Northern America 5.9%
Born in Oceania 0.4%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 9.50%
Country #2 7.10%
Country #3 7.10%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 513,592
Naturalized citizens 270,314
Noncitizens 243,278
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 270,314
Before 1980 42,720
1980-1989 29,297
1990-1999 37,496
2000-2009 84,238
Since 2010 76,563
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 52.6%
Noncitizens 47.4%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 15.8%
1980-1989 10.8%
1990-1999 13.9%
2000-2009 31.2%
Since 2010 28.3%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 339,279
Naturalized citizens 169,295
Noncitizens 169,984
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 49.9%
Noncitizens 50.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 259,673
Naturalized citizens 155,244
Noncitizens 104,429
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 59.8%
Noncitizens 40.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 149,315
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 11,184
% married among women who gave birth
86.3%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
13.7%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 2,498,603
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 133,849
% married among women who gave birth 55.7%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 44.3%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2012-2016 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2016 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 2.89
Average family size 3.52
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.42
Average family size 3.03
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 2,460,203
Only native parent(s)
2,261,110
One or more foreign-born parents
199,093

Child is native

171,981

Child is foreign born

27,112
Children under age 6 with 788,963
Only native parent(s)
718,076
One or more foreign-born parents
70,887

Child is native

64,740

Child is foreign born

6,147
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 1,671,240
Only native parent(s)
1,543,034
One or more foreign-born parents
128,206

Child is native

107,241

Child is foreign born

20,965
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

985,286
Only native parents 896,658
One or more foreign-born parents 88,628
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 91.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 8.1%
Child is native 7.0%
Child is foreign born 1.1%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 91.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 9.0%
Child is native 8.2%
Child is foreign born 0.8%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 92.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 7.7%
Child is native 6.4%
Child is foreign born 1.3%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 91.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 9.0%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 2,777,238
Only native parent(s) 2,655,025
One or more foreign-born parents 122,213
Child is native 96,928
Child is foreign born 25,285
Children under age 6 with 874,733
Only native parent(s) 832,650
One or more foreign-born parents 42,083
Child is native 37,441
Child is foreign born 4,642
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 1,902,505
Only native parent(s) 1,822,375
One or more foreign-born parents 80,130
Child is native 59,487
Child is foreign born 20,643
Children in Low-Income Families* 938,662
Only native parents 902,010
One or more foreign-born parents 36,652
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.4%
Child is native 3.5%
Child is foreign born 0.9%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.8%
Child is native 4.3%
Child is foreign born 0.5%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.2%
Child is native 3.1%
Child is foreign born 1.1%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 96.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 3.9%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 2,720,563
Only native parent(s) 2,629,241
One or more foreign-born parents 91,322
Child is native 77,574
Child is foreign born 13,748
Children under age 6 with 921,080
Only native parent(s) 893,171
One or more foreign-born parents 27,909
Child is native 25,460
Child is foreign born 2,449
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 1,799,483
Only native parent(s) 1,736,070
One or more foreign-born parents 63,413
Child is native 52,114
Child is foreign born 11,299
Children in Low-Income Families* 1,000,876
Only native parents 975,819
One or more foreign-born parents 25,057
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 96.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 3.4%
Child is native 2.9%
Child is foreign born 0.5%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 97.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 3.0%
Child is native 2.8%
Child is foreign born 0.3%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 96.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 3.5%
Child is native 2.9%
Child is foreign born 0.6%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 97.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.5%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2016 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2012-2016 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2016 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.