E.g., 06/23/2019
E.g., 06/23/2019

State Demographics Data - OH

Ohio

Demographics & Social
2017
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 528,291
% Foreign Born 4.5%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2017 55.7%
% change: 1990-2000 30.7%
Race (%)  
One race 97.0%
White
40.9%
Black or African American
14.1%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.3%
Asian
35.3%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.1%
Other race
6.3%
Two or more races 3.0%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 91,552
% Latino 17.3%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 1.2%
5-17 6.8%
18-64 77.3%
65 and older 14.7%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

41.2
Gender (% female) 51.1%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 22.7%
Married 62.3%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 14.9%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 11,130,318
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 1.1%
% change: 1990-2000 4.0%
Race (%)  
One race 97.1%
White 83.2%
Black or African American 12.3%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.2%
Asian 0.6%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.0%
Other race 0.7%
Two or more races 2.9%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 345,210
% Latino 3.1%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 6.2%
5-17 16.8%
18-64 60.3%
65 and older 16.7%
Median Age 39.2
Gender (% female) 51.0%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 33.1%
Married 46.6%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 20.2%
Foreign Born
Number 339,279
% Foreign Born 3.0%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 11,013,861
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 259,673
% Foreign Born 2.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 10,587,442
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

528,291
Born in Africa 70,616
Born in Asia 225,833
Born in Europe 106,889
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 105,975
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 16,759
Born in Oceania 2,219
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1 India
Country #2 Mexico
Country #3 China (exc. Taiwan)
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

528,291
Europe 106,889
Northern Europe 16,587
United Kingdom
13,501
Ireland
1,514
Other Northern Europe
1,572
Western Europe 23,991
France
2,115
Germany
17,324
Other Western Europe
4,552
Southern Europe 13,085
Italy
8,589
Portugal
358
Other Southern Europe
4,138
Eastern Europe 52,845
Poland
4,657
Russia
9,287
Other Eastern Europe
38,901
Other Europe (no country specified) 381
Asia 225,833
Eastern Asia 54,366
China
38,804

China, excluding Taiwan

34,773

Taiwan

4,031
Japan
7,382
Korea
8,146
Other Eastern Asia
34
South Central Asia 99,801
India
63,301
Iran
2,928
Other South Central Asia
33,572
Southeastern Asia 41,088
Philippines
15,765
Vietnam
11,037
Other Southeastern Asia
14,286
Western Asia 27,536
Israel
2,014
Lebanon
3,215
Other Western Asia
22,307
Other Asia (no country specified) 3,042
Africa 70,616
Eastern Africa 26,683
Northern Africa
7,089
Western Africa
25,306
Middle and Southern Africa
5,184
Other Africa (no country specified)
6,354
Oceania 2,219
Australia and New Zealand subregion 1,517
Oceania (no country specified) 702
Americas 122,734
Latin America 105,975
Caribbean
18,511

Cuba

1,920

Jamaica

5,574

Other Caribbean

11,017
Central America
67,571

Mexico

46,388

El Salvador

6,267

Other Central America

14,916
South America
19,893

Brazil

2,725

Colombia

3,730

Other South America

13,438
Northern America 16,759
Canada
16,312
Other Northern America
447
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 127,832
1990-1999 87,117
2000-2009 139,591
Since 2010 173,751
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 13.4%
Born in Asia 42.7%
Born in Europe 20.2%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 20.1%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 3.2%
Born in Oceania 0.4%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 10.4
Country #2 9.60%
Country #3 6.9
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 20.2%
Northern Europe 3.1%
United Kingdom 2.6%
Ireland 0.3%
Other Northern Europe 0.3%
Western Europe 4.5%
France 0.4%
Germany 3.3%
Other Western Europe 0.9%
Southern Europe 2.5%
Italy 1.6%
Portugal 0.1%
Other Southern Europe 0.8%
Eastern Europe 10.0%
Poland 0.9%
Russia 1.8%
Other Eastern Europe 7.4%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.1%
Asia 42.7%
Eastern Asia 10.3%
China 7.3%
China, excluding Taiwan 6.6%
Taiwan 0.8%
Japan 1.4%
Korea 1.5%
Other Eastern Asia 0.0%
South Central Asia 18.9%
India 12.0%
Iran 0.6%
Other South Central Asia 6.4%
Southeastern Asia 7.8%
Philippines 3.0%
Vietnam 2.1%
Other Southeastern Asia 2.7%
Western Asia 5.2%
Israel 0.4%
Lebanon 0.6%
Other Western Asia 4.2%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.6%
Africa 13.4%
Eastern Africa 5.1%
Northern Africa 1.3%
Western Africa 4.8%
Middle and Southern Africa 1.0%
Other Africa (no country specified) 1.2%
Oceania 0.4%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.3%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.1%
Americas 23.2%
Latin America 20.1%
Caribbean 3.5%
Cuba 0.4%
Jamaica 1.1%
Other Caribbean 2.1%
Central America 12.8%
Mexico 8.8%
El Salvador 1.2%
Other Central America 2.8%
South America 3.8%
Brazil 0.5%
Colombia 0.7%
Other South America 2.5%
Northern America 3.2%
Canada 3.1%
Other Northern America 0.1%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 24.2%
1980-1989 16.5%
1990-1999 26.4%
Since 2000 32.9%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 339,279
Born in Africa 22,034
Born in Asia 120,213
Born in Europe 131,683
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 47,124
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 16,581
Cat28 1,632
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 India
Country #2 Germany
Country #3 Mexico
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 6.5%
Born in Asia 35.4%
Born in Europe 38.8%
Born in Latin America 13.9%
Born in Northern America 4.9%
Born in Oceania 0.5%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 7.80%
Country #2 6.30%
Country #3 6.1
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 253,455
Born in Africa 7,059
Born in Asia 73,547
Born in Europe 138,877
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 18,154
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 14,829
Cat21 989
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 447
Country #2 Italy
Country #3 United Kingdom
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 2.8%
Born in Asia 29.0%
Born in Europe 54.8%
Born in Latin America 7.2%
Born in Northern America 5.9%
Born in Oceania 0.4%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 9.50%
Country #2 7.10%
Country #3 7.10%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 528,291
Naturalized citizens 270,333
Noncitizens 257,958
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 270,333
Before 1980 44,747
1980-1989 23,161
1990-1999 41,909
2000-2009 73,696
Since 2010 86,820
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 51.2%
Noncitizens 48.8%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 16.6%
1980-1989 8.6%
1990-1999 15.5%
2000-2009 27.3%
Since 2010 32.1%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 339,279
Naturalized citizens 169,295
Noncitizens 169,984
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 49.9%
Noncitizens 50.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 259,673
Naturalized citizens 155,244
Noncitizens 104,429
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 59.8%
Noncitizens 40.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 160,617
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 13,198
% married among women who gave birth
91.0%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
9.0%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 2,496,512
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 137,870
% married among women who gave birth 60.6%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 39.4%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2012-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 2.85
Average family size 3.52
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.41
Average family size 3.01
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 2,456,222
Only native parent(s)
2,236,034
One or more foreign-born parents
220,188

Child is native

186,029

Child is foreign born

34,159
Children under age 6 with 789,287
Only native parent(s)
710,850
One or more foreign-born parents
78,437

Child is native

70,217

Child is foreign born

8,220
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 1,666,935
Only native parent(s)
1,525,184
One or more foreign-born parents
141,751

Child is native

115,812

Child is foreign born

25,939
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

982,547
Only native parents 886,377
One or more foreign-born parents 96,170
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 91.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 9.0%
Child is native 7.6%
Child is foreign born 1.4%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 90.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 9.9%
Child is native 8.9%
Child is foreign born 1.0%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 91.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 8.5%
Child is native 6.9%
Child is foreign born 1.6%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 90.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 9.8%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 2,777,238
Only native parent(s) 2,655,025
One or more foreign-born parents 122,213
Child is native 96,928
Child is foreign born 25,285
Children under age 6 with 874,733
Only native parent(s) 832,650
One or more foreign-born parents 42,083
Child is native 37,441
Child is foreign born 4,642
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 1,902,505
Only native parent(s) 1,822,375
One or more foreign-born parents 80,130
Child is native 59,487
Child is foreign born 20,643
Children in Low-Income Families* 938,662
Only native parents 902,010
One or more foreign-born parents 36,652
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.4%
Child is native 3.5%
Child is foreign born 0.9%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.8%
Child is native 4.3%
Child is foreign born 0.5%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.2%
Child is native 3.1%
Child is foreign born 1.1%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 96.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 3.9%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 2,720,563
Only native parent(s) 2,629,241
One or more foreign-born parents 91,322
Child is native 77,574
Child is foreign born 13,748
Children under age 6 with 921,080
Only native parent(s) 893,171
One or more foreign-born parents 27,909
Child is native 25,460
Child is foreign born 2,449
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 1,799,483
Only native parent(s) 1,736,070
One or more foreign-born parents 63,413
Child is native 52,114
Child is foreign born 11,299
Children in Low-Income Families* 1,000,876
Only native parents 975,819
One or more foreign-born parents 25,057
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 96.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 3.4%
Child is native 2.9%
Child is foreign born 0.5%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 97.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 3.0%
Child is native 2.8%
Child is foreign born 0.3%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 96.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 3.5%
Child is native 2.9%
Child is foreign born 0.6%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 97.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.5%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2017 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas, and Matthew Sobek. Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS) USA: Version 8.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2018. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V8.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.