E.g., 07/26/2021
E.g., 07/26/2021
State Demographics Data - OH
 

Ohio

Demographics & Social
2019
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 558,952
% Foreign Born 4.8%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2019 64.7%
% change: 1990-2000 30.7%
Race (%)  
One race 97.5%
White
36.6%
Black or African American
17.1%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.3%
Asian
35.6%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.3%
Other race
7.6%
Two or more races 2.5%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 101,717
% Latino 18.2%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 1.0%
5-17 7.6%
18-64 76.0%
65 and older 15.4%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau’s pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

40.6
Gender (% female) 51.2%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 24.9%
Married 60.3%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 14.8%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 11,130,148
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 1.1%
% change: 1990-2000 4.0%
Race (%)  
One race 97.0%
White 83.1%
Black or African American 12.3%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.2%
Asian 0.7%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.0%
Other race 0.7%
Two or more races 3.0%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 365,872
% Latino 3.3%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 6.1%
5-17 16.6%
18-64 59.7%
65 and older 17.6%
Median Age 39.5
Gender (% female) 50.9%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 33.2%
Married 46.2%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 20.6%
Foreign Born
Number 339,279
% Foreign Born 3.0%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 11,013,861
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 259,673
% Foreign Born 2.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 10,587,442
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

558,952
Born in Africa 95,856
Born in Asia 239,109
Born in Europe 95,533
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 112,333
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 12,979
Born in Oceania 3,142
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

 
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

558,952
Europe 95,533
Northern Europe 16,085
United Kingdom
13,243
Ireland
1,176
Other Northern Europe
1,666
Western Europe 17,701
France
2,343
Germany
11,237
Other Western Europe
4,121
Southern Europe 11,058
Italy
6,573
Portugal
46
Other Southern Europe
4,439
Eastern Europe 50,689
Poland
3,799
Russia
8,250
Other Eastern Europe
38,640
Other Europe (no country specified) N
Asia 239,109
Eastern Asia 62,724
China
44,790

China, excluding Taiwan

41,024

Taiwan

3,766
Japan
5,964
Korea
11,970
Other Eastern Asia
N
South Central Asia 105,926
India
65,648
Iran
3,446
Other South Central Asia
36,832
Southeastern Asia 42,484
Philippines
16,701
Vietnam
12,499
Other Southeastern Asia
13,284
Western Asia 26,604
Israel
1,758
Lebanon
3,545
Other Western Asia
21,301
Other Asia (no country specified) 1,371
Africa 95,856
Eastern Africa 34,723
Northern Africa
9,591
Western Africa
32,938
Middle and Southern Africa
10,461
Other Africa (no country specified)
8,143
Oceania 3,142
Australia and New Zealand subregion 2,028
Oceania (no country specified) 1,114
Americas 125,312
Latin America 112,333
Caribbean
15,601

Cuba

1,518

Jamaica

3,404

Other Caribbean

10,679
Central America
75,929

Mexico

46,229

El Salvador

8,033

Other Central America

21,667
South America
20,803

Brazil

4,159

Colombia

2,812

Other South America

13,832
Northern America 12,979
Canada
12,678
Other Northern America
301
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 115,789
1990-1999 96,053
2000-2009 138,971
Since 2010 208,139
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 17.1%
Born in Asia 42.8%
Born in Europe 17.1%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 20.1%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 2.3%
Born in Oceania 0.6%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 17.1%
Northern Europe 2.9%
United Kingdom 2.4%
Ireland 0.2%
Other Northern Europe 0.3%
Western Europe 3.2%
France 0.4%
Germany 2.0%
Other Western Europe 0.7%
Southern Europe 2.0%
Italy 1.2%
Portugal N
Other Southern Europe 0.8%
Eastern Europe 9.1%
Poland 0.7%
Russia 1.5%
Other Eastern Europe 6.9%
Other Europe (no country specified) N
Asia 42.8%
Eastern Asia 11.2%
China 8.0%
China, excluding Taiwan 7.3%
Taiwan 0.7%
Japan 1.1%
Korea 2.1%
Other Eastern Asia N
South Central Asia 19.0%
India 11.7%
Iran 0.6%
Other South Central Asia 6.6%
Southeastern Asia 7.6%
Philippines 3.0%
Vietnam 2.2%
Other Southeastern Asia 2.4%
Western Asia 4.8%
Israel 0.3%
Lebanon 0.6%
Other Western Asia 3.8%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.2%
Africa 17.1%
Eastern Africa 6.2%
Northern Africa 1.7%
Western Africa 5.9%
Middle and Southern Africa 1.9%
Other Africa (no country specified) 1.5%
Oceania 0.6%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.4%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.2%
Americas 22.4%
Latin America 20.1%
Caribbean 2.8%
Cuba 0.3%
Jamaica 0.6%
Other Caribbean 1.9%
Central America 13.6%
Mexico 8.3%
El Salvador 1.4%
Other Central America 3.9%
South America 3.7%
Brazil 0.7%
Colombia 0.5%
Other South America 2.5%
Northern America 2.3%
Canada 2.3%
Other Northern America 0.1%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 20.7%
1980-1989 17.2%
1990-1999 24.9%
Since 2000 37.2%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 339,279
Born in Africa 22,034
Born in Asia 120,213
Born in Europe 131,683
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 47,124
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 16,581
Cat28 1,632
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 6.5%
Born in Asia 35.4%
Born in Europe 38.8%
Born in Latin America 13.9%
Born in Northern America 4.9%
Born in Oceania 0.5%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 253,455
Born in Africa 7,059
Born in Asia 73,547
Born in Europe 138,877
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 18,154
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 14,829
Cat21 989
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 2.8%
Born in Asia 29.0%
Born in Europe 54.8%
Born in Latin America 7.2%
Born in Northern America 5.9%
Born in Oceania 0.4%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 558,952
Naturalized citizens 292,655
Noncitizens 266,297
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 292,655
Before 1990 59,721
1990-1999 41,336
2000-2009 72,923
2010-2014 57,682
Since 2015 60,993
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 52.4%
Noncitizens 47.6%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 20.4%
1980-1989 14.1%
1990-1999 24.9%
2000-2009 19.7%
Since 2010 20.8%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 339,279
Naturalized citizens 169,295
Noncitizens 169,984
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 49.9%
Noncitizens 50.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 259,673
Naturalized citizens 155,244
Noncitizens 104,429
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 59.8%
Noncitizens 40.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 171,815
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 15,077
% married among women who gave birth
74.7%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
25.3%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 2,476,841
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 135,822
% married among women who gave birth 59.5%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 40.5%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S Census Bureau’s pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 2.80
Average family size 3.41
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.38
Average family size 3.00
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau has excluded children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 2,417,743
Only native parent(s)
2,187,314
One or more foreign-born parents
230,429

Child is native

192,456

Child is foreign born

37,973
Children under age 6 with 786,440
Only native parent(s)
705,382
One or more foreign-born parents
81,058

Child is native

74,620

Child is foreign born

6,438
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 1,631,303
Only native parent(s)
1,481,932
One or more foreign-born parents
149,371

Child is native

117,836

Child is foreign born

31,535
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau has excluded children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

939,236
Only native parents 835,317
One or more foreign-born parents 103,919
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 90.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 9.5%
Child is native 8.0%
Child is foreign born 1.6%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 89.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 10.3%
Child is native 9.5%
Child is foreign born 0.8%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 90.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 9.2%
Child is native 7.2%
Child is foreign born 1.9%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 88.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 11.1%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 2,777,238
Only native parent(s) 2,655,025
One or more foreign-born parents 122,213
Child is native 96,928
Child is foreign born 25,285
Children under age 6 with 874,733
Only native parent(s) 832,650
One or more foreign-born parents 42,083
Child is native 37,441
Child is foreign born 4,642
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 1,902,505
Only native parent(s) 1,822,375
One or more foreign-born parents 80,130
Child is native 59,487
Child is foreign born 20,643
Children in Low-Income Families* 938,662
Only native parents 902,010
One or more foreign-born parents 36,652
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.4%
Child is native 3.5%
Child is foreign born 0.9%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.8%
Child is native 4.3%
Child is foreign born 0.5%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.2%
Child is native 3.1%
Child is foreign born 1.1%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 96.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 3.9%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 2,720,563
Only native parent(s) 2,629,241
One or more foreign-born parents 91,322
Child is native 77,574
Child is foreign born 13,748
Children under age 6 with 921,080
Only native parent(s) 893,171
One or more foreign-born parents 27,909
Child is native 25,460
Child is foreign born 2,449
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 1,799,483
Only native parent(s) 1,736,070
One or more foreign-born parents 63,413
Child is native 52,114
Child is foreign born 11,299
Children in Low-Income Families* 1,000,876
Only native parents 975,819
One or more foreign-born parents 25,057
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 96.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 3.4%
Child is native 2.9%
Child is foreign born 0.5%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 97.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 3.0%
Child is native 2.8%
Child is foreign born 0.3%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 96.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 3.5%
Child is native 2.9%
Child is foreign born 0.6%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 97.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.5%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2019 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas and Matthew Sobek. IPUMS USA: Version 10.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2020. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V10.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau has excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.