E.g., 04/06/2020
E.g., 04/06/2020

State Demographics Data - OH

Ohio

Demographics & Social
2018
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 555,583
% Foreign Born 4.8%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2018 63.8%
% change: 1990-2000 30.7%
Race (%)  
One race 97.2%
White
38.4%
Black or African American
16.7%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.3%
Asian
35.3%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.3%
Other race
6.1%
Two or more races 2.8%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 93,461
% Latino 16.8%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.9%
5-17 6.7%
18-64 76.1%
65 and older 16.3%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

41
Gender (% female) 50.9%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 24.3%
Married 60.9%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 14.7%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 11,133,859
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 1.1%
% change: 1990-2000 4.0%
Race (%)  
One race 96.9%
White 83.2%
Black or African American 12.2%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.2%
Asian 0.7%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.0%
Other race 0.7%
Two or more races 3.1%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 362,457
% Latino 3.3%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 6.2%
5-17 16.7%
18-64 60.0%
65 and older 17.1%
Median Age 39.4
Gender (% female) 51.0%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 33.7%
Married 46.0%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 20.3%
Foreign Born
Number 339,279
% Foreign Born 3.0%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
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Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 11,013,861
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 259,673
% Foreign Born 2.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 10,587,442
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

555,442
Born in Africa 88,669
Born in Asia 240,152
Born in Europe 99,860
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 108,648
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 13,980
Born in Oceania 4,133
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

555,442
Europe 99,860
Northern Europe 14,542
United Kingdom
11,181
Ireland
1,183
Other Northern Europe
2,178
Western Europe 20,465
France
3,346
Germany
13,580
Other Western Europe
3,539
Southern Europe 13,568
Italy
8,188
Portugal
618
Other Southern Europe
4,762
Eastern Europe 50,971
Poland
4,888
Russia
7,478
Other Eastern Europe
38,605
Other Europe (no country specified) 314
Asia 240,152
Eastern Asia 66,785
China
42,048

China, excluding Taiwan

38,393

Taiwan

3,655
Japan
9,008
Korea
15,729
Other Eastern Asia
0
South Central Asia 99,897
India
65,338
Iran
4,127
Other South Central Asia
30,432
Southeastern Asia 41,960
Philippines
15,990
Vietnam
11,789
Other Southeastern Asia
14,181
Western Asia 28,427
Israel
1,497
Lebanon
4,754
Other Western Asia
22,176
Other Asia (no country specified) 3,083
Africa 88,669
Eastern Africa 32,190
Northern Africa
9,610
Western Africa
33,505
Middle and Southern Africa
5,624
Other Africa (no country specified)
7,740
Oceania 4,133
Australia and New Zealand subregion 1,904
Oceania (no country specified) 2,229
Americas 122,628
Latin America 108,648
Caribbean
19,348

Cuba

2,354

Jamaica

4,386

Other Caribbean

12,608
Central America
70,731

Mexico

47,853

El Salvador

7,227

Other Central America

15,651
South America
18,569

Brazil

3,081

Colombia

3,801

Other South America

11,687
Northern America 13,980
Canada
13,980
Other Northern America
0
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 133,790
1990-1999 94,222
2000-2009 143,047
Since 2010 184,524
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 16.0%
Born in Asia 43.2%
Born in Europe 18.0%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 19.6%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 2.5%
Born in Oceania 0.7%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 18.0%
Northern Europe 2.6%
United Kingdom 2.0%
Ireland 0.2%
Other Northern Europe 0.4%
Western Europe 3.7%
France 0.6%
Germany 2.4%
Other Western Europe 0.6%
Southern Europe 2.4%
Italy 1.5%
Portugal 0.1%
Other Southern Europe 0.9%
Eastern Europe 9.2%
Poland 0.9%
Russia 1.3%
Other Eastern Europe 7.0%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.1%
Asia 43.2%
Eastern Asia 12.0%
China 7.6%
China, excluding Taiwan 6.9%
Taiwan 0.7%
Japan 1.6%
Korea 2.8%
Other Eastern Asia 0.0%
South Central Asia 18.0%
India 11.8%
Iran 0.7%
Other South Central Asia 5.5%
Southeastern Asia 7.6%
Philippines 2.9%
Vietnam 2.1%
Other Southeastern Asia 2.6%
Western Asia 5.1%
Israel 0.3%
Lebanon 0.9%
Other Western Asia 4.0%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.6%
Africa 16.0%
Eastern Africa 5.8%
Northern Africa 1.7%
Western Africa 6.0%
Middle and Southern Africa 1.0%
Other Africa (no country specified) 1.4%
Oceania 0.7%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.3%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.4%
Americas 22.1%
Latin America 19.6%
Caribbean 3.5%
Cuba 0.4%
Jamaica 0.8%
Other Caribbean 2.3%
Central America 12.7%
Mexico 8.6%
El Salvador 1.3%
Other Central America 2.8%
South America 3.3%
Brazil 0.6%
Colombia 0.7%
Other South America 2.1%
Northern America 2.5%
Canada 2.5%
Other Northern America 0.0%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 24.1%
1980-1989 17.0%
1990-1999 25.7%
Since 2000 33.2%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 339,279
Born in Africa 22,034
Born in Asia 120,213
Born in Europe 131,683
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 47,124
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 16,581
Cat28 1,632
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 6.5%
Born in Asia 35.4%
Born in Europe 38.8%
Born in Latin America 13.9%
Born in Northern America 4.9%
Born in Oceania 0.5%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 253,455
Born in Africa 7,059
Born in Asia 73,547
Born in Europe 138,877
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 18,154
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 14,829
Cat21 989
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 2.8%
Born in Asia 29.0%
Born in Europe 54.8%
Born in Latin America 7.2%
Born in Northern America 5.9%
Born in Oceania 0.4%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 555,583
Naturalized citizens 293,426
Noncitizens 262,157
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 293,426
Before 1990 69,602
1990-1999 40,070
2000-2009 81,061
2010-2014 50,286
Since 2015 52,407
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 52.8%
Noncitizens 47.2%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 23.7%
1980-1989 13.7%
1990-1999 27.6%
2000-2009 17.1%
Since 2010 17.9%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 339,279
Naturalized citizens 169,295
Noncitizens 169,984
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 49.9%
Noncitizens 50.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 259,673
Naturalized citizens 155,244
Noncitizens 104,429
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 59.8%
Noncitizens 40.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 167,068
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 14,348
% married among women who gave birth
83.6%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
16.4%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 2,483,194
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 132,043
% married among women who gave birth 57.2%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 42.8%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3
Average family size 3
U.S. Born
Average household size 2
Average family size 3
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 2,437,303
Only native parent(s)
2,217,978
One or more foreign-born parents
219,325

Child is native

186,844

Child is foreign born

32,481
Children under age 6 with 786,821
Only native parent(s)
712,556
One or more foreign-born parents
74,265

Child is native

69,464

Child is foreign born

4,801
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 1,650,482
Only native parent(s)
1,505,422
One or more foreign-born parents
145,060

Child is native

117,380

Child is foreign born

27,680
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

969,252
Only native parents 877,196
One or more foreign-born parents 92,056
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 91.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 9.0%
Child is native 7.7%
Child is foreign born 1.3%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 90.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 9.4%
Child is native 8.8%
Child is foreign born 0.6%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 91.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 8.8%
Child is native 7.1%
Child is foreign born 1.7%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 90.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 9.5%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 2,777,238
Only native parent(s) 2,655,025
One or more foreign-born parents 122,213
Child is native 96,928
Child is foreign born 25,285
Children under age 6 with 874,733
Only native parent(s) 832,650
One or more foreign-born parents 42,083
Child is native 37,441
Child is foreign born 4,642
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 1,902,505
Only native parent(s) 1,822,375
One or more foreign-born parents 80,130
Child is native 59,487
Child is foreign born 20,643
Children in Low-Income Families* 938,662
Only native parents 902,010
One or more foreign-born parents 36,652
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.4%
Child is native 3.5%
Child is foreign born 0.9%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.8%
Child is native 4.3%
Child is foreign born 0.5%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.2%
Child is native 3.1%
Child is foreign born 1.1%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 96.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 3.9%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 2,720,563
Only native parent(s) 2,629,241
One or more foreign-born parents 91,322
Child is native 77,574
Child is foreign born 13,748
Children under age 6 with 921,080
Only native parent(s) 893,171
One or more foreign-born parents 27,909
Child is native 25,460
Child is foreign born 2,449
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 1,799,483
Only native parent(s) 1,736,070
One or more foreign-born parents 63,413
Child is native 52,114
Child is foreign born 11,299
Children in Low-Income Families* 1,000,876
Only native parents 975,819
One or more foreign-born parents 25,057
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 96.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 3.4%
Child is native 2.9%
Child is foreign born 0.5%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 97.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 3.0%
Child is native 2.8%
Child is foreign born 0.3%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 96.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 3.5%
Child is native 2.9%
Child is foreign born 0.6%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 97.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.5%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2018 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas, and Matthew Sobek. Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS) USA: Version 8.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2018. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V8.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.