E.g., 07/27/2021
E.g., 07/27/2021
State Income Data - NJ
 

New Jersey

Income & Poverty
2019
2000
1990
Poverty

Note: Poverty status is not determined for unrelated individuals under the age of 15 (such as foster children) or for persons lacking conventional housing.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%)

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.

2,053,938
Below 100% of the poverty level 10.4%
100-199% of the poverty level 15.3%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 74.3%
People in Poverty: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2019 34.2%
% change: 1990-2000 91.3%
% Families in Poverty by Family Type

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.

 
All families (among those for whom poverty status is determined) 8.6%
With related children under age 18
11.8%
With related children under age 5
10.0%
Married-couple families 5.1%
With related children under age 18
5.9%
With related children under age 5
4.8%
Families with female householder, no husband present 23.5%
With related children under age 18
34.0%
With related children under age 5
38.8%
Poverty by U.S. Citizenship Status (among the foreign born)  
Naturalized citizens 1,203,840
Below 100% of the poverty level
7.7%
100-199% of the poverty level
12.5%
At or above 200% of the poverty level
79.8%
Noncitizens 850,098
Below 100% of the poverty level
14.2%
100-199% of the poverty level
19.4%
At or above 200% of the poverty level
66.4%
Foreign Born Living in Poverty by Region of Birth

Note: The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Born in Africa N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N
Born in Asia 661,208
Below 100% of the poverty level
6.1%
Born in Europe 285,480
Below 100% of the poverty level
6.8%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 959,732
Below 100% of the poverty level
14.3%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N
Born in Oceania N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 6,659,036
Below 100% of the poverty level 8.8%
100-199% of the poverty level 11.1%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 80.1%
People in Poverty: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 8.0%
% change: 1990-2000 16.3%
% Families in Poverty by Family Type  
All families (among those for whom poverty status is determined) 5.1%
With related children under age 18
8.3%
With related children under age 5
8.2%
Married-couple families 2.0%
With related children under age 18
2.4%
With related children under age 5
1.9%
Families with female householder, no husband present 16.2%
With related children under age 18
24.7%
With related children under age 5
31.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 1,460,636
Below 100% of the poverty level 10.9%
100-199% of the poverty level 16.7%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 72.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 6,785,419
Below 100% of the poverty level 8.0%
100-199% of the poverty level 10.9%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 81.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 945,640
Below 100% of the poverty level 8.8%
100-199% of the poverty level 15.4%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 75.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 6,576,466
Below 100% of the poverty level 7.1%
100-199% of the poverty level 10.2%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 82.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Poverty by Language Spoken at Home Number
Household population (among those for whom poverty status is determined, age 5 and older) 8,209,458
Below 100% of the poverty level 731,247
Speaks only English
5,553,096
Below 100% of the poverty level 408,433
Speaks Spanish
1,394,576
Below 100% of the poverty level 227,118
Speaks other Indo-European languages
710,604
Below 100% of the poverty level 49,840
Speaks Asian or Pacific Island languages
392,154
Below 100% of the poverty level 25,757
Speaks other languages
159,028
Below 100% of the poverty level 20,099
%
Household population (among those for whom poverty status is determined, age 5 and older) 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 8.9%
Speaks only English 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 7.4%
Speaks only Spanish 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 16.3%
Speaks other Indo-European languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 7.0%
Speaks Asian or Pacific Island languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 6.6%
Speaks other languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 12.6%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Earnings

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.

Foreign Born
Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older). Earnings in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) 1,043,039
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss 1.5%
Earned $10,000-$14,999 2.9%
Earned $15,000-$24,999 11.6%
Earned $25,000-$34,999 14.3%
Earned $35,000-$49,999 15.9%
Earned $50,000-$74,999 19.3%
Earned $75,000 or more 34.6%
Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) Earnings in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) by U.S. Citizenship  
Naturalized citizens (%) 626,089
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss
1.2%
Earned $10,000-$14,999
2.0%
Earned $15,000-$24,999
7.6%
Earned $25,000-$34,999
10.9%
Earned $35,000-$49,999
16.1%
Earned $50,000-$74,999
23.1%
Earned $75,000 or more
39.1%
Noncitizens (%) 416,950
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss
2.0%
Earned $10,000-$14,999
4.2%
Earned $15,000-$24,999
17.4%
Earned $25,000-$34,999
19.3%
Earned $35,000-$49,999
15.6%
Earned $50,000-$74,999
13.6%
Earned $75,000 or more
27.9%
Median Earnings of Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars by Gender Foreign Born
Male $57,990
Female $46,744
Median Earnings of Foreign-Born Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars by U.S. Citizenship Status and Gender  
Naturalized citizens  
Male
$66,934
Female
$54,283
Noncitizens  
Male
$43,960
Female
$32,417
U.S. Born
Earnings of Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) 2,275,631
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss 1.3%
Earned $10,000-$14,999 1.8%
Earned $15,000-$24,999 5.9%
Earned $25,000-$34,999 10.6%
Earned $35,000-$49,999 15.5%
Earned $50,000-$74,999 23.7%
Earned $75,000 or more 41.2%
Nothing 1  
Nothing 2  
Nothing 3  
Nothing 4  
Nothing 5  
Nothing 6  
Nothing 7  
Nothing 8  
Nothing 9  
Nothing 10  
Nothing 11  
Nothing 12  
Nothing 13  
Nothing 14  
Nothing 15  
Nothing 16  
Nothing 17  
Native Born Native Born
Male $71,603
Female $56,301
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Median Household Income

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.

Foreign Born
Median Household Income $81,701
Median Household Income by U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized citizens $88,159
Noncitizens $71,156
U.S. Born
Median Household Income $87,178
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
Home Ownership Rate

Note: 1) Refers to the percentage owner households represent among all occupied households. 2) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS. 3) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Home Ownership Rate 51.0%
Home Ownership Rate by Householder's U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized citizens 64.0%
Noncitizens 24.5%
U.S. Born
Home Ownership Rate 68.0%
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
Health Insurance Coverage

Note: Since some people may hold both private and public health insurance coverage at the same time, estimates of those with private health insurance and those with public coverage may overlap. Their sum therefore may be greater than the total number of people with health insurance.

Foreign Born
Civilian noninstitutionalized population (%) 2,061,199
With health insurance 81.0%
With private health insurance
61.1%
With public coverage
27.0%
No health insurance coverage 19.0%
Health Insurance Coverage by U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized Citizens (%) 1,204,552
With health insurance 92.1%
With private health insurance
68.4%
With public coverage
34.2%
No health insurance coverage 7.9%
Noncitizens (%) 856,647
With health insurance 65.4%
With private health insurance
50.9%
With public coverage
16.8%
No health insurance coverage 34.6%
U.S. Born
Civilian noninstitutionalized population (%) 6,714,777
With health insurance 95.5%
With private health insurance
74.9%
With public coverage
33.1%
No health insurance coverage 4.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2019 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas and Matthew Sobek. IPUMS USA: Version 10.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2020. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V10.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • Poverty status is not determined for unrelated individuals under the age of 15 (such as foster children) or for persons lacking conventional housing. 
  • The term “home ownership rate” refers to the percentage owner households represent among all occupied households.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Poverty,” “Earnings,” “Median Household Income,” and “Home Ownership Rate”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.
  • In the “% Families in Poverty by Family Type” section, “related children” refer to “related children of the householder.”
  • “Health Insurance Coverage”: Private coverage includes employer- or union-provided insurance, insurance purchased directly, and TRICARE (the health program of the U.S. military) or other military health care. Public coverage includes Medicare, Medicaid, or another governmental medical assistance program, and Veterans Administration health care. Individuals can be covered by more than one type of insurance, and they can be covered by both private and public insurers. Since some people may hold both private and public health insurance coverage at the same time, estimates of those with private health insurance and those with public coverage may overlap. Their sum therefore may be greater than the total number of people with health insurance.