E.g., 04/13/2021
E.g., 04/13/2021
State Demographics Data - NJ

New Jersey

Demographics & Social
2019
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 2,074,686
% Foreign Born 23.4%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2019 40.5%
% change: 1990-2000 52.7%
Race (%)  
One race 97.6%
White
43.2%
Black or African American
11.5%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.2%
Asian
29.0%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.0%
Other race
13.5%
Two or more races 2.4%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 787,541
% Latino 38.0%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.8%
5-17 5.0%
18-64 77.1%
65 and older 17.1%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau’s pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

46.3
Gender (% female) 51.0%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 22.4%
Married 62.2%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 15.3%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 6,807,504
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 -1.9%
% change: 1990-2000 2.6%
Race (%)  
One race 96.9%
White 74.4%
Black or African American 14.2%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.2%
Asian 3.7%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.0%
Other race 4.3%
Two or more races 3.1%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 1,069,304
% Latino 15.7%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 7.3%
5-17 19.4%
18-64 56.8%
65 and older 16.4%
Median Age 36.4
Gender (% female) 51.1%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 38.7%
Married 45.1%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 16.2%
Foreign Born
Number 1,476,327
% Foreign Born 17.5%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 6,938,023
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 966,610
% Foreign Born 12.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 6,763,578
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

2,074,686
Born in Africa 126,732
Born in Asia 664,979
Born in Europe 288,463
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 972,611
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 18,520
Born in Oceania 3,381
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

 
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

2,074,686
Europe 288,463
Northern Europe 35,793
United Kingdom
26,655
Ireland
6,101
Other Northern Europe
3,037
Western Europe 34,218
France
6,920
Germany
19,449
Other Western Europe
7,849
Southern Europe 83,600
Italy
35,891
Portugal
28,999
Other Southern Europe
18,710
Eastern Europe 134,814
Poland
48,568
Russia
19,010
Other Eastern Europe
67,236
Other Europe (no country specified) 38
Asia 664,979
Eastern Asia 181,500
China
101,219

China, excluding Taiwan

86,752

Taiwan

14,467
Japan
10,643
Korea
69,638
Other Eastern Asia
N
South Central Asia 327,826
India
268,008
Iran
4,784
Other South Central Asia
55,034
Southeastern Asia 102,777
Philippines
77,144
Vietnam
15,231
Other Southeastern Asia
10,402
Western Asia 50,786
Israel
11,247
Lebanon
5,775
Other Western Asia
33,764
Other Asia (no country specified) 2,090
Africa 126,732
Eastern Africa 13,434
Northern Africa
39,978
Western Africa
61,581
Middle and Southern Africa
6,233
Other Africa (no country specified)
5,506
Oceania 3,381
Australia and New Zealand subregion 3,381
Oceania (no country specified) N
Americas 991,131
Latin America 972,611
Caribbean
371,728

Cuba

43,296

Jamaica

48,591

Other Caribbean

279,841
Central America
263,883

Mexico

104,230

El Salvador

49,910

Other Central America

109,743
South America
337,000

Brazil

41,990

Colombia

83,849

Other South America

211,161
Northern America 18,520
Canada
18,318
Other Northern America
202
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 610,100
1990-1999 447,743
2000-2009 506,624
Since 2010 510,219
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 6.1%
Born in Asia 32.1%
Born in Europe 13.9%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 46.9%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 0.9%
Born in Oceania 0.2%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 13.9%
Northern Europe 1.7%
United Kingdom 1.3%
Ireland 0.3%
Other Northern Europe 0.1%
Western Europe 1.6%
France 0.3%
Germany 0.9%
Other Western Europe 0.4%
Southern Europe 4.0%
Italy 1.7%
Portugal 1.4%
Other Southern Europe 0.9%
Eastern Europe 6.5%
Poland 2.3%
Russia 0.9%
Other Eastern Europe 3.2%
Other Europe (no country specified) N
Asia 32.1%
Eastern Asia 8.7%
China 4.9%
China, excluding Taiwan 4.2%
Taiwan 0.7%
Japan 0.5%
Korea 3.4%
Other Eastern Asia N
South Central Asia 15.8%
India 12.9%
Iran 0.2%
Other South Central Asia 2.7%
Southeastern Asia 5.0%
Philippines 3.7%
Vietnam 0.7%
Other Southeastern Asia 0.5%
Western Asia 2.4%
Israel 0.5%
Lebanon 0.3%
Other Western Asia 1.6%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.1%
Africa 6.1%
Eastern Africa 0.6%
Northern Africa 1.9%
Western Africa 3.0%
Middle and Southern Africa 0.3%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.3%
Oceania 0.2%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.2%
Oceania (no country specified) N
Americas 47.8%
Latin America 46.9%
Caribbean 17.9%
Cuba 2.1%
Jamaica 2.3%
Other Caribbean 13.5%
Central America 12.7%
Mexico 5.0%
El Salvador 2.4%
Other Central America 5.3%
South America 16.2%
Brazil 2.0%
Colombia 4.0%
Other South America 10.2%
Northern America 0.9%
Canada 0.9%
Other Northern America N
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 29.4%
1980-1989 21.6%
1990-1999 24.4%
Since 2000 24.6%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 1,476,327
Born in Africa 59,917
Born in Asia 410,123
Born in Europe 352,914
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 634,084
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 16,935
Cat28 2,354
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 4.1%
Born in Asia 27.8%
Born in Europe 23.9%
Born in Latin America 43.0%
Born in Northern America 1.1%
Born in Oceania 0.2%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 924,684
Born in Africa 25,222
Born in Asia 216,106
Born in Europe 340,986
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 324,875
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 15,450
Cat21 2,045
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 2.7%
Born in Asia 23.4%
Born in Europe 36.9%
Born in Latin America 35.1%
Born in Northern America 1.7%
Born in Oceania 0.2%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 2,074,686
Naturalized citizens 1,212,002
Noncitizens 862,684
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 1,212,002
Before 1990 244,806
1990-1999 244,814
2000-2009 343,460
2010-2014 191,066
Since 2015 187,856
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 58.4%
Noncitizens 41.6%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 20.2%
1980-1989 20.2%
1990-1999 28.3%
2000-2009 15.8%
Since 2010 15.5%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 1,476,327
Naturalized citizens 682,304
Noncitizens 794,023
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 46.2%
Noncitizens 53.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 966,610
Naturalized citizens 470,936
Noncitizens 495,674
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 48.7%
Noncitizens 51.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 569,895
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 30,792
% married among women who gave birth
79.0%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
21.0%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 1,468,153
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 64,886
% married among women who gave birth 69.2%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 30.8%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S Census Bureau’s pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3.09
Average family size 3.48
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.48
Average family size 3.12
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau has excluded children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 1,866,579
Only native parent(s)
1,097,465
One or more foreign-born parents
769,114

Child is native

662,043

Child is foreign born

107,071
Children under age 6 with 593,645
Only native parent(s)
353,844
One or more foreign-born parents
239,801

Child is native

221,490

Child is foreign born

18,311
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 1,272,934
Only native parent(s)
743,621
One or more foreign-born parents
529,313

Child is native

440,553

Child is foreign born

88,760
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau has excluded children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

527,781
Only native parents 264,906
One or more foreign-born parents 262,875
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 58.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 41.2%
Child is native 35.5%
Child is foreign born 5.7%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 59.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 40.4%
Child is native 37.3%
Child is foreign born 3.1%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 58.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 41.6%
Child is native 34.6%
Child is foreign born 7.0%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 50.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 49.8%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,996,239
Only native parent(s) 1,455,447
One or more foreign-born parents 540,792
Child is native 425,411
Child is foreign born 115,381
Children under age 6 with 652,650
Only native parent(s) 468,055
One or more foreign-born parents 184,595
Child is native 168,678
Child is foreign born 15,917
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 1,343,589
Only native parent(s) 987,392
One or more foreign-born parents 356,197
Child is native 256,733
Child is foreign born 99,464
Children in Low-Income Families* 488,663
Only native parents 321,444
One or more foreign-born parents 167,219
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 72.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 27.1%
Child is native 21.3%
Child is foreign born 5.8%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 71.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 28.3%
Child is native 25.8%
Child is foreign born 2.4%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 73.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 26.5%
Child is native 19.1%
Child is foreign born 7.4%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 65.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 34.2%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,727,735
Only native parent(s) 1,378,298
One or more foreign-born parents 349,437
Child is native 269,721
Child is foreign born 79,716
Children under age 6 with 604,675
Only native parent(s) 488,828
One or more foreign-born parents 115,847
Child is native 103,191
Child is foreign born 12,656
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 1,123,060
Only native parent(s) 889,470
One or more foreign-born parents 233,590
Child is native 166,530
Child is foreign born 67,060
Children in Low-Income Families* 411,023
Only native parents 320,250
One or more foreign-born parents 90,773
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 79.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 20.2%
Child is native 15.6%
Child is foreign born 4.6%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 80.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 19.2%
Child is native 17.1%
Child is foreign born 2.1%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 79.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 20.8%
Child is native 14.8%
Child is foreign born 6.0%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 77.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 22.1%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2019 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas and Matthew Sobek. IPUMS USA: Version 10.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2020. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V10.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau has excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.