E.g., 06/01/2023
E.g., 06/01/2023
State Demographics Data - NJ
 

New Jersey

Demographics & Social
2021
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 2,134,981
% Foreign Born 23.0%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2021 44.6%
% change: 1990-2000 52.7%
Race (%)  
One race 83.4%
White
21.4%
Black or African American
10.5%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.9%
Asian
29.7%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.1%
Other race
20.9%
Two or more races 16.6%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 800,505
% Latino 37.5%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.6%
5-17 5.5%
18-64 76.6%
65 and older 17.3%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau’s pooled 2017-2021 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2021 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

46.8
Gender (% female) 51.3%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 21.7%
Married 61.9%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 16.3%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 7,132,149
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 2.8%
% change: 1990-2000 2.6%
Race (%)  
One race 89.3%
White 64.6%
Black or African American 13.6%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.2%
Asian 4.1%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.0%
Other race 6.7%
Two or more races 10.7%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 1,191,130
% Latino 16.7%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 7.1%
5-17 19.5%
18-64 56.8%
65 and older 16.7%
Median Age 36.5
Gender (% female) 50.6%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 39.1%
Married 45.5%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 15.5%
Foreign Born
Number 1,476,327
% Foreign Born 17.5%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 6,938,023
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 966,610
% Foreign Born 12.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 6,763,578
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

2,134,981
Born in Africa 134,414
Born in Asia 689,470
Born in Europe 288,329
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 1,001,713
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 16,402
Born in Oceania 4,653
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

 
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

2,134,981
Europe 288,329
Northern Europe 39,570
United Kingdom
27,926
Ireland
8,435
Other Northern Europe
3,209
Western Europe 29,275
France
7,438
Germany
14,929
Other Western Europe
6,908
Southern Europe 74,442
Italy
29,681
Portugal
27,952
Other Southern Europe
16,809
Eastern Europe 144,158
Poland
46,320
Russia
20,677
Other Eastern Europe
77,161
Other Europe (no country specified) 884
Asia 689,470
Eastern Asia 189,948
China
110,512

China, excluding Taiwan

96,253

Taiwan

14,259
Japan
10,124
Korea
69,282
Other Eastern Asia
30
South Central Asia 331,710
India
269,128
Iran
5,373
Other South Central Asia
57,209
Southeastern Asia 113,344
Philippines
87,528
Vietnam
16,046
Other Southeastern Asia
9,770
Western Asia 50,766
Israel
10,036
Lebanon
3,707
Other Western Asia
37,023
Other Asia (no country specified) 3,702
Africa 134,414
Eastern Africa 10,404
Northern Africa
45,136
Western Africa
63,418
Middle and Southern Africa
7,377
Other Africa (no country specified)
8,079
Oceania 4,653
Australia and New Zealand subregion 4,294
Oceania (no country specified) 359
Americas 1,018,115
Latin America 1,001,713
Caribbean
376,103

Cuba

45,040

Jamaica

48,612

Other Caribbean

282,451
Central America
261,194

Mexico

106,864

El Salvador

45,326

Other Central America

109,004
South America
364,416

Brazil

51,246

Colombia

80,207

Other South America

232,963
Northern America 16,402
Canada
16,306
Other Northern America
96
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 557,825
1990-1999 444,077
2000-2009 505,258
Since 2010 627,821
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 6.3%
Born in Asia 32.3%
Born in Europe 13.5%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 46.9%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 0.8%
Born in Oceania 0.2%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 13.5%
Northern Europe 1.9%
United Kingdom 1.3%
Ireland 0.4%
Other Northern Europe 0.2%
Western Europe 1.4%
France 0.3%
Germany 0.7%
Other Western Europe 0.3%
Southern Europe 3.5%
Italy 1.4%
Portugal 1.3%
Other Southern Europe 0.8%
Eastern Europe 6.8%
Poland 2.2%
Russia 1.0%
Other Eastern Europe 3.6%
Other Europe (no country specified) N
Asia 32.3%
Eastern Asia 8.9%
China 5.2%
China, excluding Taiwan 4.5%
Taiwan 0.7%
Japan 0.5%
Korea 3.2%
Other Eastern Asia N
South Central Asia 15.5%
India 12.6%
Iran 0.3%
Other South Central Asia 2.7%
Southeastern Asia 5.3%
Philippines 4.1%
Vietnam 0.8%
Other Southeastern Asia 0.5%
Western Asia 2.4%
Israel 0.5%
Lebanon 0.2%
Other Western Asia 1.7%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.2%
Africa 6.3%
Eastern Africa 0.5%
Northern Africa 2.1%
Western Africa 3.0%
Middle and Southern Africa 0.3%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.4%
Oceania 0.2%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.2%
Oceania (no country specified) N
Americas 47.7%
Latin America 46.9%
Caribbean 17.6%
Cuba 2.1%
Jamaica 2.3%
Other Caribbean 13.2%
Central America 12.2%
Mexico 5.0%
El Salvador 2.1%
Other Central America 5.1%
South America 17.1%
Brazil 2.4%
Colombia 3.8%
Other South America 10.9%
Northern America 0.8%
Canada 0.8%
Other Northern America N
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 26.1%
1980-1989 20.8%
1990-1999 23.7%
Since 2000 29.4%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 1,476,327
Born in Africa 59,917
Born in Asia 410,123
Born in Europe 352,914
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 634,084
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 16,935
Cat28 2,354
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 4.1%
Born in Asia 27.8%
Born in Europe 23.9%
Born in Latin America 43.0%
Born in Northern America 1.1%
Born in Oceania 0.2%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 924,684
Born in Africa 25,222
Born in Asia 216,106
Born in Europe 340,986
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 324,875
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 15,450
Cat21 2,045
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 2.7%
Born in Asia 23.4%
Born in Europe 36.9%
Born in Latin America 35.1%
Born in Northern America 1.7%
Born in Oceania 0.2%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 2,134,981
Naturalized citizens 1,222,873
Noncitizens 912,108
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 1,222,873
Before 1990 223,191
1990-1999 218,944
2000-2009 338,619
2010-2014 176,290
Since 2015 265,829
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 57.3%
Noncitizens 42.7%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 18.3%
1980-1989 17.9%
1990-1999 27.7%
2000-2009 14.4%
Since 2010 21.7%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 1,476,327
Naturalized citizens 682,304
Noncitizens 794,023
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 46.2%
Noncitizens 53.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 966,610
Naturalized citizens 470,936
Noncitizens 495,674
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 48.7%
Noncitizens 51.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 584,164
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 38,749
% married among women who gave birth
77.4%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
22.6%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 1,525,064
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 72,178
% married among women who gave birth 71.9%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 28.1%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S Census Bureau’s pooled 2017-2021 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2021 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3.00
Average family size 3.38
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.45
Average family size 3.07
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers to children between ages 0 and 17 (regardless of their nativity) who reside with at least one parent. This means that the number of children shown here is smaller than the overall number of U.S. children under 18. Since 2013, the U.S. Census Bureau includes children of same-sex married couples in its count of children in families and subfamilies.

 
Children under age 18 with 1,940,455
Only native parent(s)
1,137,880
One or more foreign-born parents
802,575

Child is native

685,250

Child is foreign born

117,325
Children under age 6 with 605,567
Only native parent(s)
364,329
One or more foreign-born parents
241,238

Child is native

226,133

Child is foreign born

15,105
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 1,334,888
Only native parent(s)
773,551
One or more foreign-born parents
561,337

Child is native

459,117

Child is foreign born

102,220
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers to children between ages 0 and 17 (regardless of their nativity) who reside with at least one parent. This means that the number of children shown here is smaller than the overall number of U.S. children under 18. Since 2013, the U.S. Census Bureau includes children of same-sex married couples in its count of children in families and subfamilies. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

549,910
Only native parents 268,142
One or more foreign-born parents 281,768
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 58.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 41.4%
Child is native 35.3%
Child is foreign born 6.0%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 60.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 39.8%
Child is native 37.3%
Child is foreign born 2.5%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 57.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 42.1%
Child is native 34.4%
Child is foreign born 7.7%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 48.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 51.2%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,996,239
Only native parent(s) 1,455,447
One or more foreign-born parents 540,792
Child is native 425,411
Child is foreign born 115,381
Children under age 6 with 652,650
Only native parent(s) 468,055
One or more foreign-born parents 184,595
Child is native 168,678
Child is foreign born 15,917
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 1,343,589
Only native parent(s) 987,392
One or more foreign-born parents 356,197
Child is native 256,733
Child is foreign born 99,464
Children in Low-Income Families* 488,663
Only native parents 321,444
One or more foreign-born parents 167,219
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 72.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 27.1%
Child is native 21.3%
Child is foreign born 5.8%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 71.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 28.3%
Child is native 25.8%
Child is foreign born 2.4%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 73.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 26.5%
Child is native 19.1%
Child is foreign born 7.4%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 65.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 34.2%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,727,735
Only native parent(s) 1,378,298
One or more foreign-born parents 349,437
Child is native 269,721
Child is foreign born 79,716
Children under age 6 with 604,675
Only native parent(s) 488,828
One or more foreign-born parents 115,847
Child is native 103,191
Child is foreign born 12,656
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 1,123,060
Only native parent(s) 889,470
One or more foreign-born parents 233,590
Child is native 166,530
Child is foreign born 67,060
Children in Low-Income Families* 411,023
Only native parents 320,250
One or more foreign-born parents 90,773
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 79.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 20.2%
Child is native 15.6%
Child is foreign born 4.6%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 80.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 19.2%
Child is native 17.1%
Child is foreign born 2.1%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 79.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 20.8%
Child is native 14.8%
Child is foreign born 6.0%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 77.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 22.1%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2021 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, click here. For ACS methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Megan Schouweiler and Matthew Sobek. IPUMS USA: Version 12.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2022. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V12.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • Race and Hispanic origin: The Census Bureau made some improvements and changes in how respondents were asked about their race and Hispanic origin on the 2020 decennial Census form. The goal was to achieve a more accurate portrait of how U.S. residents self-identify. The same changes were implemented in the subsequent ACS as well. Note that the racial composition of the U.S. population in the 2021 ACS looks different from prior ACS years. For instance, the proportion reporting “two or more races” has increased, while the proportion of “white alone” decreased, reflecting both the growth of a more racially diverse population and the changes in questionnaire design. Race and Hispanic origin comparisons between the 2021 ACS and earlier ACS years or pre-2020 decennial Censuses should be made with caution. For more details, visit the Census Bureau’s Resource Library.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2017-2021 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2021 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Children: The data here include children between ages 0 and 17 (regardless of their nativity) who reside with at least one parent. This means that the number of children shown here is smaller than the overall number of U.S. children under 18. Since 2013, the U.S. Census Bureau has included children of same-sex married couples in its count of children in families and subfamilies.