E.g., 06/26/2024
E.g., 06/26/2024
State Demographics Data - NJ
 

New Jersey

Demographics & Social
2022
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 2,181,082
% Foreign Born 23.5%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2022 47.7%
% change: 1990-2000 52.7%
Race (%)  
One race 82.8%
White
21.1%
Black or African American
9.9%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.8%
Asian
29.1%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.0%
Other race
21.8%
Two or more races 17.2%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 849,271
% Latino 38.9%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.7%
5-17 5.2%
18-64 76.0%
65 and older 18.1%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau’s pooled 2018-2022 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2022 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

46.9
Gender (% female) 51.1%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 22.9%
Married 60.4%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 16.6%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 7,080,617
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 2.1%
% change: 1990-2000 2.6%
Race (%)  
One race 89.4%
White 64.2%
Black or African American 13.5%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.4%
Asian 4.2%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.0%
Other race 7.1%
Two or more races 10.6%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 1,179,199
% Latino 16.7%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 7.0%
5-17 19.3%
18-64 56.5%
65 and older 17.2%
Median Age 36.6
Gender (% female) 50.6%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 39.3%
Married 45.3%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 15.4%
Foreign Born
Number 1,476,327
% Foreign Born 17.5%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 6,938,023
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 966,610
% Foreign Born 12.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 6,763,578
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

2,181,082
Born in Africa 126,173
Born in Asia 703,639
Born in Europe 281,549
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 1,048,059
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 19,307
Born in Oceania 2,355
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

 
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

2,181,082
Europe 281,549
Northern Europe 34,279
United Kingdom
22,794
Ireland
8,384
Other Northern Europe
3,101
Western Europe 31,658
France
4,936
Germany
19,151
Other Western Europe
7,571
Southern Europe 77,489
Italy
29,303
Portugal
28,822
Other Southern Europe
19,364
Eastern Europe 137,536
Poland
44,146
Russia
18,412
Other Eastern Europe
74,978
Other Europe (no country specified) 587
Asia 703,639
Eastern Asia 187,826
China
107,646

China, excluding Taiwan

90,569

Taiwan

17,077
Japan
12,585
Korea
67,595
Other Eastern Asia
N
South Central Asia 335,888
India
270,000
Iran
5,837
Other South Central Asia
60,051
Southeastern Asia 112,062
Philippines
84,196
Vietnam
16,458
Other Southeastern Asia
11,408
Western Asia 64,649
Israel
13,670
Lebanon
5,982
Other Western Asia
44,997
Other Asia (no country specified) 3,214
Africa 126,173
Eastern Africa 13,161
Northern Africa 41,107
Western Africa 60,575
Middle and Southern Africa 7,135
Other Africa (no country specified) 4,195
Oceania 2,355
Australia and New Zealand subregion 1,884
Oceania (no country specified) 471
Americas 1,067,366
Latin America 1,048,059
Caribbean
388,456

Cuba

44,294

Jamaica

45,648

Other Caribbean

298,514
Central America
275,590

Mexico

108,984

El Salvador

49,749

Other Central America

116,857
South America
384,013

Brazil

50,673

Colombia

96,987

Other South America

236,353
Northern America 19,307
Canada
19,259
Other Northern America
48
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 535,282
1990-1999 428,527
2000-2009 534,355
Since 2010 682,918
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 5.8%
Born in Asia 32.3%
Born in Europe 12.9%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 48.1%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 0.9%
Born in Oceania 0.1%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 12.9%
Northern Europe 1.6%
United Kingdom 1.0%
Ireland 0.4%
Other Northern Europe 0.1%
Western Europe 1.5%
France 0.2%
Germany 0.9%
Other Western Europe 0.3%
Southern Europe 3.6%
Italy 1.3%
Portugal 1.3%
Other Southern Europe 0.9%
Eastern Europe 6.3%
Poland 2.0%
Russia 0.8%
Other Eastern Europe 3.4%
Other Europe (no country specified) N
Asia 32.3%
Eastern Asia 8.6%
China 4.9%
China, excluding Taiwan 4.2%
Taiwan 0.8%
Japan 0.6%
Korea 3.1%
Other Eastern Asia N
South Central Asia 15.4%
India 12.4%
Iran 0.3%
Other South Central Asia 2.8%
Southeastern Asia 5.1%
Philippines 3.9%
Vietnam 0.8%
Other Southeastern Asia 0.5%
Western Asia 3.0%
Israel 0.6%
Lebanon 0.3%
Other Western Asia 2.1%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.1%
Africa 5.8%
Eastern Africa 0.6%
Northern Africa 1.9%
Western Africa 2.8%
Middle and Southern Africa 0.3%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.2%
Oceania 0.1%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.1%
Oceania (no country specified) N
Americas 48.9%
Latin America 48.1%
Caribbean 17.8%
Cuba 2.0%
Jamaica 2.1%
Other Caribbean 13.7%
Central America 12.6%
Mexico 5.0%
El Salvador 2.3%
Other Central America 5.4%
South America 17.6%
Brazil 2.3%
Colombia 4.4%
Other South America 10.8%
Northern America 0.9%
Canada 0.9%
Other Northern America N
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 24.5%
1980-1989 19.6%
1990-1999 24.5%
Since 2000 31.3%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 1,476,327
Born in Africa 59,917
Born in Asia 410,123
Born in Europe 352,914
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 634,084
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 16,935
Cat28 2,354
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 4.1%
Born in Asia 27.8%
Born in Europe 23.9%
Born in Latin America 43.0%
Born in Northern America 1.1%
Born in Oceania 0.2%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 924,684
Born in Africa 25,222
Born in Asia 216,106
Born in Europe 340,986
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 324,875
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 15,450
Cat21 2,045
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 2.7%
Born in Asia 23.4%
Born in Europe 36.9%
Born in Latin America 35.1%
Born in Northern America 1.7%
Born in Oceania 0.2%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 2,181,082
Naturalized citizens 1,264,307
Noncitizens 916,775
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 1,264,307
Before 1990 221,007
1990-1999 203,357
2000-2009 331,266
2010-2014 181,704
Since 2015 326,973
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 58.0%
Noncitizens 42.0%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 17.5%
1980-1989 16.1%
1990-1999 26.2%
2000-2009 14.4%
Since 2010 25.9%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 1,476,327
Naturalized citizens 682,304
Noncitizens 794,023
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 46.2%
Noncitizens 53.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 966,610
Naturalized citizens 470,936
Noncitizens 495,674
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 48.7%
Noncitizens 51.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 582,702
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 36,332
% married among women who gave birth
74.7%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
25.3%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 1,518,171
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 69,610
% married among women who gave birth 74.9%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 25.1%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S Census Bureau’s pooled 2018-2022 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2022 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 2.98
Average family size 3.37
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.43
Average family size 3.06
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers to children between ages 0 and 17 (regardless of their nativity) who reside with at least one parent. This means that the number of children shown here is smaller than the overall number of U.S. children under 18. Since 2013, the U.S. Census Bureau includes children of same-sex married couples in its count of children in families and subfamilies.

 
Children under age 18 with 1,920,472
Only native parent(s)
1,128,001
One or more foreign-born parents
792,471

Child is native

680,625

Child is foreign born

111,846
Children under age 6 with 593,936
Only native parent(s)
355,226
One or more foreign-born parents
238,710

Child is native

222,398

Child is foreign born

16,312
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 1,326,536
Only native parent(s)
772,775
One or more foreign-born parents
553,761

Child is native

458,227

Child is foreign born

95,534
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers to children between ages 0 and 17 (regardless of their nativity) who reside with at least one parent. This means that the number of children shown here is smaller than the overall number of U.S. children under 18. Since 2013, the U.S. Census Bureau includes children of same-sex married couples in its count of children in families and subfamilies. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

539,373
Only native parents 274,835
One or more foreign-born parents 264,538
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 58.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 41.3%
Child is native 35.4%
Child is foreign born 5.8%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 59.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 40.2%
Child is native 37.4%
Child is foreign born 2.7%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 58.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 41.7%
Child is native 34.5%
Child is foreign born 7.2%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 51.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 49.0%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,996,239
Only native parent(s) 1,455,447
One or more foreign-born parents 540,792
Child is native 425,411
Child is foreign born 115,381
Children under age 6 with 652,650
Only native parent(s) 468,055
One or more foreign-born parents 184,595
Child is native 168,678
Child is foreign born 15,917
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 1,343,589
Only native parent(s) 987,392
One or more foreign-born parents 356,197
Child is native 256,733
Child is foreign born 99,464
Children in Low-Income Families* 488,663
Only native parents 321,444
One or more foreign-born parents 167,219
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 72.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 27.1%
Child is native 21.3%
Child is foreign born 5.8%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 71.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 28.3%
Child is native 25.8%
Child is foreign born 2.4%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 73.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 26.5%
Child is native 19.1%
Child is foreign born 7.4%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 65.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 34.2%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,727,735
Only native parent(s) 1,378,298
One or more foreign-born parents 349,437
Child is native 269,721
Child is foreign born 79,716
Children under age 6 with 604,675
Only native parent(s) 488,828
One or more foreign-born parents 115,847
Child is native 103,191
Child is foreign born 12,656
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 1,123,060
Only native parent(s) 889,470
One or more foreign-born parents 233,590
Child is native 166,530
Child is foreign born 67,060
Children in Low-Income Families* 411,023
Only native parents 320,250
One or more foreign-born parents 90,773
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 79.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 20.2%
Child is native 15.6%
Child is foreign born 4.6%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 80.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 19.2%
Child is native 17.1%
Child is foreign born 2.1%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 79.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 20.8%
Child is native 14.8%
Child is foreign born 6.0%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 77.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 22.1%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2022 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, click here. For ACS methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Matthew Sobek, Daniel Backman, Annie Chen, Grace Cooper, Stephanie Richards, Renae Rogers, and Megan Schouweiler. IPUMS USA: Version 14.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2023. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V14.0​.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • Race and Hispanic origin: In preparation for the 2020 Decennial Census, the Census Bureau has made some improvements and changes in how the respondents were asked about their race and Hispanic origin on the 2020 decennial Census form. The goal was to achieve a more accurate portrait of how U.S. residents self-identify. The same changes in the questionnaire design were implemented in the subsequent ACS as well. Note that the racial composition of the U.S. population in the current ACS looks different from pre-2020 data. For instance, the proportion of people who reported “two or more races” has increased, while the proportion of “white alone” decreased, reflecting both the growth of a more racially diverse population and the changes in the questionnaire design. Race and Hispanic origin comparisons between the current ACS and pre-2020 data should be made with caution, taking into account the changes in the questionnaire design. For more details, visit the Census Bureau’s Resource Library.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2018-2022 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2022 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Children: The data here include children between ages 0 and 17 (regardless of their nativity) who reside with at least one parent. This means that the number of children shown here is smaller than the overall number of U.S. children under 18. Since 2013, the U.S. Census Bureau has included children of same-sex married couples in its count of children in families and subfamilies.