E.g., 12/06/2022
E.g., 12/06/2022
State Income Data - NC
 

North Carolina

Income & Poverty
2019
2000
1990
Poverty

Note: Poverty status is not determined for unrelated individuals under the age of 15 (such as foster children) or for persons lacking conventional housing.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%)

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.

871,200
Below 100% of the poverty level 14.8%
100-199% of the poverty level 24.1%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 61.1%
People in Poverty: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2019 60.4%
% change: 1990-2000 460.3%
% Families in Poverty by Family Type

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.

 
All families (among those for whom poverty status is determined) 14.8%
With related children under age 18
19.3%
With related children under age 5
14.9%
Married-couple families 10.9%
With related children under age 18
13.6%
With related children under age 5
9.3%
Families with female householder, no husband present 33.0%
With related children under age 18
41.5%
With related children under age 5
60.1%
Poverty by U.S. Citizenship Status (among the foreign born)  
Naturalized citizens 366,855
Below 100% of the poverty level
7.6%
100-199% of the poverty level
17.2%
At or above 200% of the poverty level
75.2%
Noncitizens 504,345
Below 100% of the poverty level
20.0%
100-199% of the poverty level
29.1%
At or above 200% of the poverty level
50.9%
Foreign Born Living in Poverty by Region of Birth

Note: The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Born in Africa N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N
Born in Asia 240,599
Below 100% of the poverty level
8.3%
Born in Europe 99,238
Below 100% of the poverty level
9.5%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 431,358
Below 100% of the poverty level
19.3%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N
Born in Oceania N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 9,328,039
Below 100% of the poverty level 13.5%
100-199% of the poverty level 17.9%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 68.6%
People in Poverty: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 44.3%
% change: 1990-2000 7.0%
% Families in Poverty by Family Type  
All families (among those for whom poverty status is determined) 9.0%
With related children under age 18
15.4%
With related children under age 5
14.0%
Married-couple families 3.5%
With related children under age 18
4.4%
With related children under age 5
3.4%
Families with female householder, no husband present 27.1%
With related children under age 18
36.5%
With related children under age 5
39.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 425,195
Below 100% of the poverty level 18.9%
100-199% of the poverty level 26.0%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 55.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 7,393,547
Below 100% of the poverty level 11.8%
100-199% of the poverty level 17.8%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 70.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 109,491
Below 100% of the poverty level 13.1%
100-199% of the poverty level 19.5%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 67.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 6,273,102
Below 100% of the poverty level 13.0%
100-199% of the poverty level 20.2%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 66.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Poverty by Language Spoken at Home Number
Household population (among those for whom poverty status is determined, age 5 and older) 9,614,852
Below 100% of the poverty level 1,258,543
Speaks only English
8,430,044
Below 100% of the poverty level 1,050,079
Speaks Spanish
762,661
Below 100% of the poverty level 162,627
Speaks other Indo-European languages
184,786
Below 100% of the poverty level 17,240
Speaks Asian or Pacific Island languages
167,816
Below 100% of the poverty level 14,535
Speaks other languages
69,545
Below 100% of the poverty level 14,062
%
Household population (among those for whom poverty status is determined, age 5 and older) 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 13.1%
Speaks only English 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 12.5%
Speaks only Spanish 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 21.3%
Speaks other Indo-European languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 9.3%
Speaks Asian or Pacific Island languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 8.7%
Speaks other languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 20.2%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Earnings

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.

Foreign Born
Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older). Earnings in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) 424,736
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss 1.9%
Earned $10,000-$14,999 3.9%
Earned $15,000-$24,999 19.0%
Earned $25,000-$34,999 19.3%
Earned $35,000-$49,999 20.0%
Earned $50,000-$74,999 13.2%
Earned $75,000 or more 22.5%
Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) Earnings in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) by U.S. Citizenship  
Naturalized citizens (%) 183,165
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss
1.3%
Earned $10,000-$14,999
2.4%
Earned $15,000-$24,999
11.6%
Earned $25,000-$34,999
17.0%
Earned $35,000-$49,999
20.4%
Earned $50,000-$74,999
17.1%
Earned $75,000 or more
30.3%
Noncitizens (%) 241,571
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss
2.4%
Earned $10,000-$14,999
5.1%
Earned $15,000-$24,999
24.7%
Earned $25,000-$34,999
21.1%
Earned $35,000-$49,999
19.7%
Earned $50,000-$74,999
10.3%
Earned $75,000 or more
16.6%
Median Earnings of Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars by Gender Foreign Born
Male $40,295
Female $31,698
Median Earnings of Foreign-Born Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars by U.S. Citizenship Status and Gender  
Naturalized citizens  
Male
$52,803
Female
$40,914
Noncitizens  
Male
$35,670
Female
$26,098
U.S. Born
Earnings of Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) 3,223,167
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss 1.8%
Earned $10,000-$14,999 3.0%
Earned $15,000-$24,999 12.3%
Earned $25,000-$34,999 16.3%
Earned $35,000-$49,999 22.8%
Earned $50,000-$74,999 21.9%
Earned $75,000 or more 21.9%
Nothing 1  
Nothing 2  
Nothing 3  
Nothing 4  
Nothing 5  
Nothing 6  
Nothing 7  
Nothing 8  
Nothing 9  
Nothing 10  
Nothing 11  
Nothing 12  
Nothing 13  
Nothing 14  
Nothing 15  
Nothing 16  
Nothing 17  
Native Born Native Born
Male $49,299
Female $41,107
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Median Household Income

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.

Foreign Born
Median Household Income $55,235
Median Household Income by U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized citizens $67,061
Noncitizens $46,916
U.S. Born
Median Household Income $57,509
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
Home Ownership Rate

Note: 1) Refers to the percentage owner households represent among all occupied households. 2) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS. 3) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Home Ownership Rate 55.9%
Home Ownership Rate by Householder's U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized citizens 74.2%
Noncitizens 39.4%
U.S. Born
Home Ownership Rate 66.2%
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
Health Insurance Coverage

Note: Since some people may hold both private and public health insurance coverage at the same time, estimates of those with private health insurance and those with public coverage may overlap. Their sum therefore may be greater than the total number of people with health insurance.

Foreign Born
Civilian noninstitutionalized population (%) 876,254
With health insurance 66.9%
With private health insurance
55.9%
With public coverage
16.6%
No health insurance coverage 33.1%
Health Insurance Coverage by U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized Citizens (%) 365,076
With health insurance 86.3%
With private health insurance
71.8%
With public coverage
25.5%
No health insurance coverage 13.7%
Noncitizens (%) 511,178
With health insurance 53.0%
With private health insurance
44.5%
With public coverage
10.2%
No health insurance coverage 47.0%
U.S. Born
Civilian noninstitutionalized population (%) 9,404,808
With health insurance 90.8%
With private health insurance
67.7%
With public coverage
36.6%
No health insurance coverage 9.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2019 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas and Matthew Sobek. IPUMS USA: Version 10.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2020. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V10.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • Poverty status is not determined for unrelated individuals under the age of 15 (such as foster children) or for persons lacking conventional housing. 
  • The term “home ownership rate” refers to the percentage owner households represent among all occupied households.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Poverty,” “Earnings,” “Median Household Income,” and “Home Ownership Rate”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.
  • In the “% Families in Poverty by Family Type” section, “related children” refer to “related children of the householder.”
  • “Health Insurance Coverage”: Private coverage includes employer- or union-provided insurance, insurance purchased directly, and TRICARE (the health program of the U.S. military) or other military health care. Public coverage includes Medicare, Medicaid, or another governmental medical assistance program, and Veterans Administration health care. Individuals can be covered by more than one type of insurance, and they can be covered by both private and public insurers. Since some people may hold both private and public health insurance coverage at the same time, estimates of those with private health insurance and those with public coverage may overlap. Their sum therefore may be greater than the total number of people with health insurance.