E.g., 04/19/2024
E.g., 04/19/2024
State Income Data - NC
 

North Carolina

Income & Poverty
2022
2000
1990
Poverty

Note: Poverty status is not determined for unrelated individuals under the age of 15 (such as foster children) or for persons lacking conventional housing.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%)

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2018-2022 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2022 ACS.

902,267
Below 100% of the poverty level 15.1%
100-199% of the poverty level 19.8%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 65.1%
People in Poverty: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2022 69.5%
% change: 1990-2000 460.3%
% Families in Poverty by Family Type

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2018-2022 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2022 ACS.

 
All families (among those for whom poverty status is determined) 14.3%
With related children under age 18
19.7%
With related children under age 5
16.5%
Married-couple families 8.6%
With related children under age 18
11.2%
With related children under age 5
10.4%
Families with female householder, no husband present 36.8%
With related children under age 18
47.6%
With related children under age 5
36.8%
Poverty by U.S. Citizenship Status (among the foreign born)  
Naturalized citizens 400,730
Below 100% of the poverty level
8.7%
100-199% of the poverty level
16.1%
At or above 200% of the poverty level
75.2%
Noncitizens 501,537
Below 100% of the poverty level
20.2%
100-199% of the poverty level
22.7%
At or above 200% of the poverty level
57.1%
Foreign Born Living in Poverty by Region of Birth

Note: The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Born in Africa N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N
Born in Asia 251,968
Below 100% of the poverty level
9.2%
Born in Europe 107,716
Below 100% of the poverty level
9.1%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 443,950
Below 100% of the poverty level
20.2%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N
Born in Oceania N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 9,514,952
Below 100% of the poverty level 12.5%
100-199% of the poverty level 17.1%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 70.4%
People in Poverty: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 36.3%
% change: 1990-2000 7.0%
% Families in Poverty by Family Type  
All families (among those for whom poverty status is determined) 8.7%
With related children under age 18
13.7%
With related children under age 5
12.2%
Married-couple families 4.0%
With related children under age 18
4.5%
With related children under age 5
3.3%
Families with female householder, no husband present 25.1%
With related children under age 18
33.4%
With related children under age 5
36.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 425,195
Below 100% of the poverty level 18.9%
100-199% of the poverty level 26.0%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 55.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 7,393,547
Below 100% of the poverty level 11.8%
100-199% of the poverty level 17.8%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 70.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 109,491
Below 100% of the poverty level 13.1%
100-199% of the poverty level 19.5%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 67.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 6,273,102
Below 100% of the poverty level 13.0%
100-199% of the poverty level 20.2%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 66.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Poverty by Language Spoken at Home Number
Household population (among those for whom poverty status is determined, age 5 and older) 9,839,989
Below 100% of the poverty level 1,223,312
Speaks only English
8,581,656
Below 100% of the poverty level 1,005,752
Speaks Spanish
783,535
Below 100% of the poverty level 164,337
Speaks other Indo-European languages
208,573
Below 100% of the poverty level 20,795
Speaks Asian or Pacific Island languages
188,349
Below 100% of the poverty level 18,298
Speaks other languages
77,876
Below 100% of the poverty level 14,130
%
Household population (among those for whom poverty status is determined, age 5 and older) 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 12.4%
Speaks only English 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 11.7%
Speaks only Spanish 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 21.0%
Speaks other Indo-European languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 10.0%
Speaks Asian or Pacific Island languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 9.7%
Speaks other languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 18.1%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Earnings

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2018-2022 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2022 ACS.

Foreign Born
Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older). Earnings in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) 443,500
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss 1.2%
Earned $10,000-$14,999 3.0%
Earned $15,000-$24,999 10.7%
Earned $25,000-$34,999 16.6%
Earned $35,000-$49,999 21.7%
Earned $50,000-$74,999 17.5%
Earned $75,000 or more 29.2%
Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) Earnings in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) by U.S. Citizenship  
Naturalized citizens (%) 206,910
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss
0.8%
Earned $10,000-$14,999
1.9%
Earned $15,000-$24,999
9.0%
Earned $25,000-$34,999
12.4%
Earned $35,000-$49,999
19.7%
Earned $50,000-$74,999
19.5%
Earned $75,000 or more
36.7%
Noncitizens (%) 236,590
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss
1.6%
Earned $10,000-$14,999
3.9%
Earned $15,000-$24,999
12.2%
Earned $25,000-$34,999
20.3%
Earned $35,000-$49,999
23.5%
Earned $50,000-$74,999
15.8%
Earned $75,000 or more
22.7%
Median Earnings of Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars by Gender Foreign Born
Male $49,480
Female $41,475
Median Earnings of Foreign-Born Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars by U.S. Citizenship Status and Gender  
Naturalized citizens  
Male
$64,567
Female
$48,290
Noncitizens  
Male
$42,418
Female
$34,558
U.S. Born
Earnings of Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) 3,442,910
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss 1.6%
Earned $10,000-$14,999 1.9%
Earned $15,000-$24,999 7.0%
Earned $25,000-$34,999 14.4%
Earned $35,000-$49,999 21.5%
Earned $50,000-$74,999 24.6%
Earned $75,000 or more 29.0%
Nothing 1  
Nothing 2  
Nothing 3  
Nothing 4  
Nothing 5  
Nothing 6  
Nothing 7  
Nothing 8  
Nothing 9  
Nothing 10  
Nothing 11  
Nothing 12  
Nothing 13  
Nothing 14  
Nothing 15  
Nothing 16  
Nothing 17  
Native Born Native Born
Male $56,280
Female $47,485
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Median Household Income

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2018-2022 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2022 ACS.

Foreign Born
Median Household Income $69,952
Median Household Income by U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized citizens $81,344
Noncitizens $59,824
U.S. Born
Median Household Income $67,205
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
Home Ownership Rate

Note: 1) Refers to the percentage owner households represent among all occupied households. 2) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2018-2022 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2022 ACS. 3) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Home Ownership Rate 60.4%
Home Ownership Rate by Householder's U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized citizens 74.7%
Noncitizens 45.3%
U.S. Born
Home Ownership Rate 67.4%
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
Health Insurance Coverage

Note: Since some people may hold both private and public health insurance coverage at the same time, estimates of those with private health insurance and those with public coverage may overlap. Their sum therefore may be greater than the total number of people with health insurance.

Foreign Born
Civilian noninstitutionalized population (%) 905,745
With health insurance 70.7%
With private health insurance
58.7%
With public coverage
18.2%
No health insurance coverage 29.3%
Health Insurance Coverage by U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized Citizens (%) 397,692
With health insurance 88.8%
With private health insurance
72.0%
With public coverage
28.5%
No health insurance coverage 11.2%
Noncitizens (%) 508,053
With health insurance 56.4%
With private health insurance
48.4%
With public coverage
10.2%
No health insurance coverage 43.6%
U.S. Born
Civilian noninstitutionalized population (%) 9,575,098
With health insurance 92.6%
With private health insurance
68.6%
With public coverage
37.6%
No health insurance coverage 7.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2022 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, click here. For ACS methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Matthew Sobek, Daniel Backman, Annie Chen, Grace Cooper, Stephanie Richards, Renae Rogers, and Megan Schouweiler. IPUMS USA: Version 14.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2023. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V14.0​.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • Poverty status is not determined for unrelated individuals under the age of 15 (such as foster children) or for persons lacking conventional housing. 
  • The term “home ownership rate” refers to the percentage owner households represent among all occupied households.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Poverty,” “Earnings,” “Median Household Income,” and “Home Ownership Rate”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2018-2022 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2022 ACS.
  • In the “% Families in Poverty by Family Type” section, “related children” refer to “related children of the householder.”
  • “Health Insurance Coverage”: Private coverage includes employer- or union-provided insurance, insurance purchased directly, and TRICARE (the health program of the U.S. military) or other military health care. Public coverage includes Medicare, Medicaid, or another governmental medical assistance program, and Veterans Administration health care. Individuals can be covered by more than one type of insurance, and they can be covered by both private and public insurers. Since some people may hold both private and public health insurance coverage at the same time, estimates of those with private health insurance and those with public coverage may overlap. Their sum therefore may be greater than the total number of people with health insurance.