E.g., 12/06/2022
E.g., 12/06/2022
State Language Data - NC
 

North Carolina

Language & Education
2019
2000
1990
English Proficiency

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 876,695
Speak only English 19.8%
Speak English "very well" 38.2%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 42.0%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2019 65.6%
% change: 1990-2000 526.8%
English Proficiency of the Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status (age 5 and older)*

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English. Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.

 
Naturalized citizens 369,022
Speak only English 30.1%
Speak English "very well" 44.2%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 25.7%
Noncitizens 507,673
Speak only English 12.3%
Speak English "very well" 33.8%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 53.9%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 9,014,806
Speak only English 94.3%
Speak English ""very well"" 4.9%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.7%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 -12.4%
% change: 1990-2000 44.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 420,957
Speak only English 17.7%
"Speak English ""very well"" 29.4%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 52.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 7,092,208
Speak only English 96.4%
"Speak English ""very well"" 2.6%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 114,822
Speak only English 33.2%
"Speak English ""very well"" 35.8%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 30.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 6,042,849
Speak only English 97.3%
"Speak English ""very well"" 1.8%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (by age and English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Ages 5-17 1,697,389
Speak only English 1,419,255
Speak language other than English 278,134
Speak English "very well"
229,191
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
48,943
Speak Spanish 218,176
Speak English "very well"
180,966
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
37,210
Ages 18-64 6,443,177
Speak only English 5,597,705
Speak language other than English 845,472
Speak English "very well"
503,241
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
342,231
Speak Spanish 527,478
Speak English "very well"
278,309
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
249,169
65 and Older 1,750,935
Speak only English 1,660,304
Speak language other than English 90,631
Speak English "very well"
47,373
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
43,258
Speak Spanish 36,403
Speak English "very well"
17,986
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
18,417
%
65 and Older 100%
Speak only English 83.6%
Speak language other than English 16.4%
Speak English "very well" 13.5%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 2.9%
Speak Spanish 12.9%
Speak English "very well" 10.7%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 2.2%
Ages 18-64 100%
Speak only English 86.9%
Speak language other than English 13.1%
Speak English "very well" 7.8%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 5.3%
Speak Spanish 8.2%
Speak English "very well" 4.3%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 3.9%
Ages 5-17 100%
Speak only English 94.8%
Speak language other than English 5.2%
Speak English "very well" 2.7%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 2.5%
Speak Spanish 2.1%
Speak English "very well" 1.0%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.1%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)

Note: 1) The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English. 2) Data for Alaska, Arkansas, District of Columbia, Hawaii, Idaho, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, New Hampshire, North Dakota, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.

Number
Total Household Population, Age 5 and Older 9,891,501
Speak only English 8,677,264
Speak language other than English 1,214,237
Spanish 782,057
Speak English "very well" 477,261
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 304,796
French (Including Cajun) 30,004
Speak English "very well" 23,835
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 6,169
Haitian 3,731
Speak English "very well" 3,084
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 647
Italian 6,958
Speak English "very well" 5,271
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,687
Portuguese 8,409
Speak English "very well" 6,322
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,087
German 26,248
Speak English "very well" 24,333
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,915
Yiddish, Pennsylvania Dutch or Other West Germanic Languages 5,377
Speak English "very well" 4,454
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 923
Russian 14,827
Speak English "very well" 9,042
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 5,785
Polish 3,797
Speak English "very well" 3,242
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 555
Other Slavic Languages 10,607
Speak English "very well" 6,882
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,725
Armenian 330
Speak English "very well" 145
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 185
Persian (including Farsi, Dari) 5,394
Speak English "very well" 4,432
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 962
Gujarati 15,716
Speak English "very well" 11,161
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,555
Hindi 19,914
Speak English "very well" 16,976
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,938
Urdu 7,500
Speak English "very well" 5,590
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,910
Punjabi 3,182
Speak English "very well" 2,167
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,015
Bengali 4,500
Speak English "very well" 3,255
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,245
Nepali, Marathi, or Other Indic Languages 9,411
Speak English "very well" 6,595
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,816
Other Indo-European Languages 13,652
Speak English "very well" 10,444
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,208
Telugu 15,642
Speak English "very well" 12,056
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,586
Tamil 10,724
Speak English "very well" 7,319
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,405
Malayalam, Kannada, or Other Dravidian Languages 5,430
Speak English "very well" 4,697
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 733
Chinese (including Mandarin, Cantonese) 38,374
Speak English "very well" 21,901
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 16,473
Japanese 7,732
Speak English "very well" 5,200
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,532
Korean 16,877
Speak English "very well" 9,570
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 7,307
Hmong 11,569
Speak English "very well" 8,289
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,280
Vietnamese 24,434
Speak English "very well" 8,872
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 15,562
Khmer 2,612
Speak English "very well" 1,369
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,243
Thai, Lao, or Other Tai-Kadai Languages 6,272
Speak English "very well" 3,259
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,013
Other Languages of Asia 9,593
Speak English "very well" 5,259
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,334
Tagalog (including Filipino) 14,384
Speak English "very well" 11,136
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,248
Ilocano, Samoan, Hawaiian, or Other Austronesian Languages 7,559
Speak English "very well" 4,954
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,605
Arabic 28,034
Speak English "very well" 18,649
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 9,385
Hebrew 1,174
Speak English "very well" 1,106
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 68
Amharic, Somali, or Other Afro-Asiatic Languages 5,858
Speak English "very well" 3,989
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,869
Yoruba, Twi, Igbo, or Other Languages of Western Africa 16,646
Speak English "very well" 13,403
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,243
Swahili or Other Languages of Central, Eastern, and Southern Africa 12,461
Speak English "very well" 8,147
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,314
Native Languages of North America 2,895
Speak English "very well" 2,702
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 193
Other and Unspecified Languages 4,353
Speak English "very well" 3,437
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 916
%
Field 306 100%
Field 307 87.7%
Field 308 12.3%
Field 310 100%
Field 310 61.0%
Field 310 39.0%
Field 313 100%
Field 314 79.4%
Field 315 20.6%
Field 316 100%
Field 316 82.7%
Field 316 17.3%
Field 319 100%
Field 319 75.8%
Field 319 24.2%
Field 322 100%
Field 322 75.2%
Field 322 24.8%
Field 325 100%
Field 325 92.7%
Field 325 7.3%
Field 328 100%
Field 328 82.8%
Field 328 17.2%
Field 331 100%
Field 331 61.0%
Field 331 39.0%
Field 334 100%
Field 334 85.4%
Field 334 14.6%
Field 337 100%
Field 337 64.9%
Field 337 35.1%
Field 340 100%
Field 340 43.9%
Field 340 56.1%
Field 343 100%
Field 343 82.2%
Field 343 17.8%
Field 346 100%
Field 346 71.0%
Field 346 29.0%
Field 349 100%
Field 349 85.2%
Field 349 14.8%
Field 352 100%
Field 352 74.5%
Field 352 25.5%
Field 355 100%
Field 355 68.1%
Field 355 31.9%
Field 358 100%
Field 358 72.3%
Field 358 27.7%
Field 361 100%
Field 361 70.1%
Field 361 29.9%
Field 364 100%
Field 364 76.5%
Field 364 23.5%
Field 367 100%
Field 367 77.1%
Field 367 22.9%
Field 370 100%
Field 370 68.2%
Field 370 31.8%
Field 373 100%
Field 373 86.5%
Field 373 13.5%
Field 376 100%
Field 376 57.1%
Field 376 42.9%
Field 379 100%
Field 379 67.3%
Field 379 32.7%
Field 382 100%
Field 382 56.7%
Field 382 43.3%
Field 385 100%
Field 385 71.6%
Field 385 28.4%
Field 388 100%
Field 388 36.3%
Field 388 63.7%
Field 391 100%
Field 391 52.4%
Field 391 47.6%
Field 394 100%
Field 394 52.0%
Field 394 48.0%
Field 397 100%
Field 397 54.8%
Field 397 45.2%
Field 400 100%
Field 400 77.4%
Field 400 22.6%
Field 403 100%
Field 403 65.5%
Field 403 34.5%
Field 406 100%
Field 406 66.5%
Field 406 33.5%
Field 409 100%
Field 409 94.2%
Field 409 5.8%
Field 412 100%
Field 412 68.1%
Field 412 31.9%
Field 415 100%
Field 415 80.5%
Field 415 19.5%
Field 418 100%
Field 418 65.4%
Field 418 34.6%
Field 421 100%
Field 421 93.3%
Field 421 6.7%
Field 424 100%
Field 424 79.0%
Field 424 21.0%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Educational Attainment Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 752,159
Less than high school diploma 28.2%
High school diploma or GED 20.7%
Some college or associate's degree 17.0%
Bachelor's degree 18.4%
Graduate or professional degree 15.6%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 25.9%
Bachelor's degree or higher 11.0%
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2019 87.3%
% change: 1990-2000 456.5%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2019 244.9%
% change: 1990-2000 152.1%
Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status (foreign-born adults, age 25 and older)

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Naturalized citizens (%) 332,265
Less than high school diploma 14.3%
High school diploma or GED 19.9%
Some college or associate's degree 23.3%
Bachelor's degree 22.6%
Graduate or professional degree 19.9%
Noncitizens (%) 419,894
Less than high school diploma 39.2%
High school diploma or GED 21.4%
Some college or associate's degree 12.1%
Bachelor's degree 15.2%
Graduate or professional degree 12.2%
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 6,434,918
Less than high school diploma 9.4%
High school diploma or GED 26.2%
Some college or associate's degree 32.3%
Bachelor's degree 20.7%
Graduate or professional degree 11.4%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Nothing  
Nothing  
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2011 -41.9%
% change: 1990-2000 -16.3%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2011 87.5%
% change: 1990-2000 54.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 296,126
Less than high school diploma 38.2%
High school diploma or GED 18.3%
Some college or associate's degree 18.3%
Bachelor's degree 13.8%
Graduate or professional degree 11.3%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 9.8%
Bachelor's degree or higher 6.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 4,990,153
Less than high school diploma 20.9%
High school diploma or GED 29.2%
Some college or associate's degree 27.8%
Bachelor's degree 15.1%
Graduate or professional degree 6.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 90,990
Less than high school diploma 22.4%
High school diploma or GED 21.0%
Some college or associate's degree 24.2%
Bachelor's degree 16.8%
Graduate or professional degree 15.6%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 1.6%
Bachelor's degree or higher 4.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 4,155,306
Less than high school diploma 30.1%
High school diploma or GED 29.2%
Some college or associate's degree 23.6%
Bachelor's degree 12.0%
Graduate or professional degree 5.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2019 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas and Matthew Sobek. IPUMS USA: Version 10.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2020. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V10.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English “not at all,” “not well,” or “well” on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English “very well” are considered proficient in English.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “English proficiency of the foreign born by U.S. citizenship status” and “Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS. 
  • For “Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)”: Data for Alaska, Arkansas, District of Columbia, Hawaii, Idaho, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, New Hampshire, North Dakota, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.