E.g., 08/15/2020
E.g., 08/15/2020

State Language Data - NC

North Carolina

Language & Education
2018
2000
1990
English Proficiency

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 816,821
Speak only English 17.3%
Speak English "very well" 38.6%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 44.1%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2018 62.0%
% change: 1990-2000 526.8%
English Proficiency of the Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status (age 5 and older)*

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English. Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.

 
Naturalized citizens 321,804
Speak only English 27.7%
Speak English "very well" 44.7%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 27.6%
Noncitizens 495,017
Speak only English 10.5%
Speak English "very well" 34.6%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 54.9%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 8,969,607
Speak only English 94.4%
Speak English ""very well"" 4.8%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.8%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 1.1%
% change: 1990-2000 44.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 420,957
Speak only English 17.7%
"Speak English ""very well"" 29.4%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 52.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 7,092,208
Speak only English 96.4%
"Speak English ""very well"" 2.6%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 114,822
Speak only English 33.2%
"Speak English ""very well"" 35.8%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 30.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 6,042,849
Speak only English 97.3%
"Speak English ""very well"" 1.8%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (by age and English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Ages 5-17 1,699,666
Speak only English 1,424,672
Speak language other than English 274,994
Speak English "very well"
224,831
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
50,163
Speak Spanish 214,494
Speak English "very well"
178,136
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
36,358
Ages 18-64 6,398,188
Speak only English 5,572,300
Speak language other than English 825,888
Speak English "very well"
478,427
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
347,461
Speak Spanish 514,919
Speak English "very well"
263,422
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
251,497
65 and Older 1,688,574
Speak only English 1,611,221
Speak language other than English 77,353
Speak English "very well"
38,344
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
39,009
Speak Spanish 31,695
Speak English "very well"
14,685
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
17,010
%
65 and Older 100%
Speak only English 83.8%
Speak language other than English 16.2%
Speak English "very well" 13.2%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 3.0%
Speak Spanish 12.6%
Speak English "very well" 10.5%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 2.1%
Ages 18-64 100%
Speak only English 87.1%
Speak language other than English 12.9%
Speak English "very well" 7.5%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 5.4%
Speak Spanish 8.0%
Speak English "very well" 4.1%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 3.9%
Ages 5-17 100%
Speak only English 95.4%
Speak language other than English 4.6%
Speak English "very well" 2.3%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 2.3%
Speak Spanish 1.9%
Speak English "very well" 0.9%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.0%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)

Note: 1) The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English. 2) Data for Alaska, Delaware, Hawaii, Idaho, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.

Number
Total Household Population, Age 5 and Older 9,786,428
Speak only English 8,608,193
Speak language other than English 1,178,235
Spanish 761,108
Speak English "very well" 456,243
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 304,865
French (Including Cajun) 27,652
Speak English "very well" 20,157
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 7,495
Haitian 9,376
Speak English "very well" 5,578
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,798
Italian 6,180
Speak English "very well" 5,504
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 676
Portuguese 9,249
Speak English "very well" 7,227
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,022
German 19,861
Speak English "very well" 17,574
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,287
Yiddish, Pennsylvania Dutch or Other West Germanic Languages 4,610
Speak English "very well" 4,214
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 396
Russian 12,582
Speak English "very well" 7,551
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 5,031
Polish 3,434
Speak English "very well" 2,434
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,000
Other Slavic Languages 7,443
Speak English "very well" 5,612
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,831
Armenian 201
Speak English "very well" 201
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Persian (including Farsi, Dari) 5,770
Speak English "very well" 3,755
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,015
Gujarati 9,528
Speak English "very well" 6,722
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,806
Hindi 21,807
Speak English "very well" 18,410
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,397
Urdu 9,062
Speak English "very well" 6,023
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,039
Punjabi 2,572
Speak English "very well" 1,610
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 962
Bengali 3,937
Speak English "very well" 2,878
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,059
Nepali, Marathi, or Other Indic Languages 15,266
Speak English "very well" 7,265
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 8,001
Other Indo-European Languages 16,698
Speak English "very well" 14,602
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,096
Telugu 16,164
Speak English "very well" 13,415
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,749
Tamil 11,874
Speak English "very well" 9,656
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,218
Malayalam, Kannada, or Other Dravidian Languages 7,891
Speak English "very well" 6,859
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,032
Chinese (including Mandarin, Cantonese) 43,423
Speak English "very well" 26,454
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 16,969
Japanese 7,281
Speak English "very well" 3,657
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,624
Korean 17,466
Speak English "very well" 9,171
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 8,295
Hmong 10,048
Speak English "very well" 6,453
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,595
Vietnamese 21,024
Speak English "very well" 9,081
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 11,943
Khmer 3,602
Speak English "very well" 2,724
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 878
Thai, Lao, or Other Tai-Kadai Languages 7,626
Speak English "very well" 3,825
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,801
Other Languages of Asia 11,012
Speak English "very well" 3,502
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 7,510
Tagalog (including Filipino) 11,322
Speak English "very well" 9,397
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,925
Ilocano, Samoan, Hawaiian, or Other Austronesian Languages 6,552
Speak English "very well" 4,257
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,295
Arabic 21,972
Speak English "very well" 13,984
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 7,988
Hebrew 1,710
Speak English "very well" 1,442
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 268
Amharic, Somali, or Other Afro-Asiatic Languages 4,384
Speak English "very well" 2,490
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,894
Yoruba, Twi, Igbo, or Other Languages of Western Africa 13,636
Speak English "very well" 10,434
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,202
Swahili or Other Languages of Central, Eastern, and Southern Africa 8,872
Speak English "very well" 5,872
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,000
Native Languages of North America 2,815
Speak English "very well" 2,781
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 34
Other and Unspecified Languages 3,225
Speak English "very well" 2,588
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 637
%
Field 306 100%
Field 307 88.0%
Field 308 12.0%
Field 310 100%
Field 310 59.9%
Field 310 40.1%
Field 313 100%
Field 314 72.9%
Field 315 27.1%
Field 316 100%
Field 316 59.5%
Field 316 40.5%
Field 319 100%
Field 319 89.1%
Field 319 10.9%
Field 322 100%
Field 322 78.1%
Field 322 21.9%
Field 325 100%
Field 325 88.5%
Field 325 11.5%
Field 328 100%
Field 328 91.4%
Field 328 8.6%
Field 331 100%
Field 331 60.0%
Field 331 40.0%
Field 334 100%
Field 334 70.9%
Field 334 29.1%
Field 337 100%
Field 337 75.4%
Field 337 24.6%
Field 340 100%
Field 340 100.0%
Field 340 N
Field 343 100%
Field 343 65.1%
Field 343 34.9%
Field 346 100%
Field 346 70.5%
Field 346 29.5%
Field 349 100%
Field 349 84.4%
Field 349 15.6%
Field 352 100%
Field 352 66.5%
Field 352 33.5%
Field 355 100%
Field 355 62.6%
Field 355 37.4%
Field 358 100%
Field 358 73.1%
Field 358 26.9%
Field 361 100%
Field 361 47.6%
Field 361 52.4%
Field 364 100%
Field 364 87.4%
Field 364 12.6%
Field 367 100%
Field 367 83.0%
Field 367 17.0%
Field 370 100%
Field 370 81.3%
Field 370 18.7%
Field 373 100%
Field 373 86.9%
Field 373 13.1%
Field 376 100%
Field 376 60.9%
Field 376 39.1%
Field 379 100%
Field 379 50.2%
Field 379 49.8%
Field 382 100%
Field 382 52.5%
Field 382 47.5%
Field 385 100%
Field 385 64.2%
Field 385 35.8%
Field 388 100%
Field 388 43.2%
Field 388 56.8%
Field 391 100%
Field 391 75.6%
Field 391 24.4%
Field 394 100%
Field 394 50.2%
Field 394 49.8%
Field 397 100%
Field 397 31.8%
Field 397 68.2%
Field 400 100%
Field 400 83.0%
Field 400 17.0%
Field 403 100%
Field 403 65.0%
Field 403 35.0%
Field 406 100%
Field 406 63.6%
Field 406 36.4%
Field 409 100%
Field 409 84.3%
Field 409 15.7%
Field 412 100%
Field 412 56.8%
Field 412 43.2%
Field 415 100%
Field 415 76.5%
Field 415 23.5%
Field 418 100%
Field 418 66.2%
Field 418 33.8%
Field 421 100%
Field 421 98.8%
Field 421 1.2%
Field 424 100%
Field 424 80.2%
Field 424 19.8%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Educational Attainment Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 700,149
Less than high school diploma 29.2%
High school diploma or GED 20.5%
Some college or associate's degree 16.8%
Bachelor's degree 17.5%
Graduate or professional degree 16.0%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 24.5%
Bachelor's degree or higher 10.3%
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2018 80.5%
% change: 1990-2000 456.5%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2018 215.9%
% change: 1990-2000 152.1%
Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status (foreign-born adults, age 25 and older)

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Naturalized citizens (%) 292,877
Less than high school diploma 14.5%
High school diploma or GED 18.1%
Some college or associate's degree 23.1%
Bachelor's degree 22.3%
Graduate or professional degree 22%
Noncitizens (%) 407,272
Less than high school diploma 39.7%
High school diploma or GED 22.3%
Some college or associate's degree 12.2%
Bachelor's degree 14.1%
Graduate or professional degree 11.7%
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 6,401,995
Less than high school diploma 9.8%
High school diploma or GED 25.9%
Some college or associate's degree 32.5%
Bachelor's degree 20.8%
Graduate or professional degree 10.9%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Nothing  
Nothing  
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2011 -39.7%
% change: 1990-2000 -16.3%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2011 84.5%
% change: 1990-2000 54.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 296,126
Less than high school diploma 38.2%
High school diploma or GED 18.3%
Some college or associate's degree 18.3%
Bachelor's degree 13.8%
Graduate or professional degree 11.3%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 9.8%
Bachelor's degree or higher 6.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 4,990,153
Less than high school diploma 20.9%
High school diploma or GED 29.2%
Some college or associate's degree 27.8%
Bachelor's degree 15.1%
Graduate or professional degree 6.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 90,990
Less than high school diploma 22.4%
High school diploma or GED 21.0%
Some college or associate's degree 24.2%
Bachelor's degree 16.8%
Graduate or professional degree 15.6%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 1.6%
Bachelor's degree or higher 4.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 4,155,306
Less than high school diploma 30.1%
High school diploma or GED 29.2%
Some college or associate's degree 23.6%
Bachelor's degree 12.0%
Graduate or professional degree 5.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2018 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas, and Matthew Sobek. Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS) USA: Version 8.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2018. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V8.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English “not at all,” “not well,” or “well” on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English “very well” are considered proficient in English.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “English proficiency of the foreign born by U.S. citizenship status” and “Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS. 
  • For “Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)”: Data for Alaska, Delaware, Hawaii, Idaho, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.