E.g., 06/14/2021
E.g., 06/14/2021
State Demographics Data - NC
 

North Carolina

Demographics & Social
2019
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 884,631
% Foreign Born 8.4%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2019 105.7%
% change: 1990-2000 273.7%
Race (%)  
One race 97.9%
White
43.5%
Black or African American
10.7%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.6%
Asian
24.5%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.1%
Other race
18.5%
Two or more races 2.1%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 406,518
% Latino 46.0%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.9%
5-17 6.5%
18-64 81.6%
65 and older 11.0%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau’s pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

41.8
Gender (% female) 50.7%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 25.7%
Married 60.8%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 13.5%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 9,603,453
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 26.0%
% change: 1990-2000 17.0%
Race (%)  
One race 97.1%
White 70.4%
Black or African American 22.5%
American Indian and Alaska Native 1.3%
Asian 1.0%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.1%
Other race 2.0%
Two or more races 2.9%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 616,477
% Latino 6.4%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 6.1%
5-17 17.1%
18-64 59.6%
65 and older 17.2%
Median Age 38.6
Gender (% female) 51.5%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 33.5%
Married 46.7%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 19.8%
Foreign Born
Number 430,000
% Foreign Born 5.3%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 7,619,313
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 115,077
% Foreign Born 1.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 6,513,560
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

884,631
Born in Africa 80,629
Born in Asia 245,033
Born in Europe 101,377
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 437,359
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 17,224
Born in Oceania 3,009
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

 
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

884,631
Europe 101,377
Northern Europe 26,548
United Kingdom
21,129
Ireland
2,264
Other Northern Europe
3,155
Western Europe 26,356
France
3,929
Germany
17,387
Other Western Europe
5,040
Southern Europe 10,972
Italy
4,937
Portugal
1,275
Other Southern Europe
4,760
Eastern Europe 37,222
Poland
3,612
Russia
6,238
Other Eastern Europe
27,372
Other Europe (no country specified) 279
Asia 245,033
Eastern Asia 57,846
China
35,305

China, excluding Taiwan

31,450

Taiwan

3,855
Japan
4,966
Korea
17,139
Other Eastern Asia
436
South Central Asia 100,325
India
76,435
Iran
5,360
Other South Central Asia
18,530
Southeastern Asia 68,357
Philippines
21,856
Vietnam
26,034
Other Southeastern Asia
20,467
Western Asia 17,092
Israel
415
Lebanon
2,464
Other Western Asia
14,213
Other Asia (no country specified) 1,413
Africa 80,629
Eastern Africa 19,698
Northern Africa
10,448
Western Africa
24,738
Middle and Southern Africa
19,003
Other Africa (no country specified)
6,742
Oceania 3,009
Australia and New Zealand subregion 2,532
Oceania (no country specified) 477
Americas 454,583
Latin America 437,359
Caribbean
44,611

Cuba

8,058

Jamaica

10,932

Other Caribbean

25,621
Central America
339,174

Mexico

219,337

El Salvador

38,516

Other Central America

81,321
South America
53,574

Brazil

6,960

Colombia

16,397

Other South America

30,217
Northern America 17,224
Canada
16,845
Other Northern America
379
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 167,918
1990-1999 189,496
2000-2009 267,899
Since 2010 259,318
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 9.1%
Born in Asia 27.7%
Born in Europe 11.5%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 49.4%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 1.9%
Born in Oceania 0.3%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 11.5%
Northern Europe 3.0%
United Kingdom 2.4%
Ireland 0.3%
Other Northern Europe 0.4%
Western Europe 3.0%
France 0.4%
Germany 2.0%
Other Western Europe 0.6%
Southern Europe 1.2%
Italy 0.6%
Portugal 0.1%
Other Southern Europe 0.5%
Eastern Europe 4.2%
Poland 0.4%
Russia 0.7%
Other Eastern Europe 3.1%
Other Europe (no country specified) N
Asia 27.7%
Eastern Asia 6.5%
China 4.0%
China, excluding Taiwan 3.6%
Taiwan 0.4%
Japan 0.6%
Korea 1.9%
Other Eastern Asia N
South Central Asia 11.3%
India 8.6%
Iran 0.6%
Other South Central Asia 2.1%
Southeastern Asia 7.7%
Philippines 2.5%
Vietnam 2.9%
Other Southeastern Asia 2.3%
Western Asia 1.9%
Israel N
Lebanon 0.3%
Other Western Asia 1.6%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.2%
Africa 9.1%
Eastern Africa 2.2%
Northern Africa 1.2%
Western Africa 2.8%
Middle and Southern Africa 2.1%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.8%
Oceania 0.3%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.3%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.1%
Americas 51.4%
Latin America 49.4%
Caribbean 5.0%
Cuba 0.9%
Jamaica 1.2%
Other Caribbean 2.9%
Central America 38.3%
Mexico 24.8%
El Salvador 4.4%
Other Central America 9.2%
South America 6.1%
Brazil 0.8%
Colombia 1.9%
Other South America 3.4%
Northern America 1.9%
Canada 1.9%
Other Northern America N
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 19.0%
1980-1989 21.4%
1990-1999 30.3%
Since 2000 29.3%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 430,000
Born in Africa 20,369
Born in Asia 93,133
Born in Europe 60,222
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 239,853
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 14,598
Cat28 1,825
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 4.7%
Born in Asia 21.7%
Born in Europe 14.0%
Born in Latin America 55.8%
Born in Northern America 3.4%
Born in Oceania 0.4%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 110,539
Born in Africa 5,269
Born in Asia 38,854
Born in Europe 35,764
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 22,823
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 6,991
Cat21 838
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 4.8%
Born in Asia 35.1%
Born in Europe 32.4%
Born in Latin America 20.6%
Born in Northern America 6.3%
Born in Oceania 0.8%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 884,631
Naturalized citizens 370,205
Noncitizens 514,426
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 370,205
Before 1990 60,253
1990-1999 51,615
2000-2009 106,611
2010-2014 75,786
Since 2015 75,940
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 41.8%
Noncitizens 58.2%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 16.3%
1980-1989 13.9%
1990-1999 28.8%
2000-2009 20.5%
Since 2010 20.5%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 430,000
Naturalized citizens 112,822
Noncitizens 317,178
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 26.2%
Noncitizens 73.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 115,077
Naturalized citizens 49,616
Noncitizens 65,461
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 43.1%
Noncitizens 56.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 289,172
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 21,235
% married among women who gave birth
73.0%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
27.0%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 2,208,023
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 108,123
% married among women who gave birth 61.3%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 38.7%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S Census Bureau’s pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3.34
Average family size 3.75
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.44
Average family size 3.04
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau has excluded children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 2,162,988
Only native parent(s)
1,715,908
One or more foreign-born parents
447,080

Child is native

390,952

Child is foreign born

56,128
Children under age 6 with 683,764
Only native parent(s)
549,897
One or more foreign-born parents
133,867

Child is native

123,651

Child is foreign born

10,216
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 1,479,224
Only native parent(s)
1,166,011
One or more foreign-born parents
313,213

Child is native

267,301

Child is foreign born

45,912
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau has excluded children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

895,954
Only native parents 662,296
One or more foreign-born parents 233,658
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 79.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 20.7%
Child is native 18.1%
Child is foreign born 2.6%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 80.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 19.6%
Child is native 18.1%
Child is foreign born 1.5%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 78.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 21.2%
Child is native 18.1%
Child is foreign born 3.1%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 73.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 26.1%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,847,485
Only native parent(s) 1,679,668
One or more foreign-born parents 167,817
Child is native 123,593
Child is foreign born 44,224
Children under age 6 with 611,440
Only native parent(s) 541,905
One or more foreign-born parents 69,535
Child is native 59,710
Child is foreign born 9,825
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 1,236,045
Only native parent(s) 1,137,763
One or more foreign-born parents 98,282
Child is native 63,883
Child is foreign born 34,399
Children in Low-Income Families* 698,925
Only native parents 613,915
One or more foreign-born parents 85,010
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 90.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 9.1%
Child is native 6.7%
Child is foreign born 2.4%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 88.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 11.4%
Child is native 9.8%
Child is foreign born 1.6%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 92.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 8.0%
Child is native 5.2%
Child is foreign born 2.8%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 87.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 12.2%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,530,480
Only native parent(s) 1,478,643
One or more foreign-born parents 51,837
Child is native 42,564
Child is foreign born 9,273
Children under age 6 with 526,359
Only native parent(s) 506,775
One or more foreign-born parents 19,584
Child is native 17,733
Child is foreign born 1,851
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 1,004,121
Only native parent(s) 971,868
One or more foreign-born parents 32,253
Child is native 24,831
Child is foreign born 7,422
Children in Low-Income Families* 619,413
Only native parents 599,766
One or more foreign-born parents 19,647
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 96.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 3.4%
Child is native 2.8%
Child is foreign born 0.6%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 96.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 3.7%
Child is native 3.4%
Child is foreign born 0.4%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 96.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 3.2%
Child is native 2.5%
Child is foreign born 0.7%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 96.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 3.2%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2019 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas and Matthew Sobek. IPUMS USA: Version 10.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2020. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V10.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau has excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.