E.g., 03/02/2024
E.g., 03/02/2024
State Demographics Data - NC
 

North Carolina

Demographics & Social
2022
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 916,787
% Foreign Born 8.6%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2022 113.2%
% change: 1990-2000 273.7%
Race (%)  
One race 83.3%
White
20.6%
Black or African American
10.5%
American Indian and Alaska Native
1.3%
Asian
25.1%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.3%
Other race
25.6%
Two or more races 16.7%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 409,362
% Latino 44.7%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 1.1%
5-17 6.2%
18-64 81.0%
65 and older 11.8%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau’s pooled 2018-2022 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2022 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

42.8
Gender (% female) 50.5%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 24.5%
Married 62.6%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 12.9%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 9,782,186
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 28.4%
% change: 1990-2000 17.0%
Race (%)  
One race 92.9%
White 66.1%
Black or African American 21.3%
American Indian and Alaska Native 1.1%
Asian 1.2%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.1%
Other race 3.1%
Two or more races 7.1%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 705,437
% Latino 7.2%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 5.9%
5-17 16.9%
18-64 59.3%
65 and older 18.0%
Median Age 38.5
Gender (% female) 51.2%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 33.3%
Married 48.1%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 18.6%
Foreign Born
Number 430,000
% Foreign Born 5.3%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 7,619,313
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 115,077
% Foreign Born 1.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 6,513,560
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

916,787
Born in Africa 76,063
Born in Asia 256,255
Born in Europe 110,081
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 450,443
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 19,913
Born in Oceania 4,032
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

 
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

916,787
Europe 110,081
Northern Europe 30,629
United Kingdom
24,075
Ireland
1,603
Other Northern Europe
4,951
Western Europe 25,985
France
4,565
Germany
16,638
Other Western Europe
4,782
Southern Europe 10,155
Italy
3,371
Portugal
1,012
Other Southern Europe
5,772
Eastern Europe 42,561
Poland
3,409
Russia
11,367
Other Eastern Europe
27,785
Other Europe (no country specified) 751
Asia 256,255
Eastern Asia 55,317
China
34,008

China, excluding Taiwan

30,186

Taiwan

3,822
Japan
5,274
Korea
16,015
Other Eastern Asia
20
South Central Asia 110,422
India
85,412
Iran
4,666
Other South Central Asia
20,344
Southeastern Asia 73,348
Philippines
20,531
Vietnam
28,194
Other Southeastern Asia
24,623
Western Asia 16,111
Israel
1,337
Lebanon
2,092
Other Western Asia
12,682
Other Asia (no country specified) 1,057
Africa 76,063
Eastern Africa 14,536
Northern Africa 12,473
Western Africa 29,428
Middle and Southern Africa 13,498
Other Africa (no country specified) 6,128
Oceania 4,032
Australia and New Zealand subregion 2,704
Oceania (no country specified) 1,328
Americas 470,356
Latin America 450,443
Caribbean
55,702

Cuba

11,922

Jamaica

14,500

Other Caribbean

29,280
Central America
324,137

Mexico

204,449

El Salvador

33,933

Other Central America

85,755
South America
70,604

Brazil

10,035

Colombia

21,429

Other South America

39,140
Northern America 19,913
Canada
19,780
Other Northern America
133
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 159,491
1990-1999 184,892
2000-2009 243,730
Since 2010 328,674
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 8.3%
Born in Asia 28.0%
Born in Europe 12.0%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 49.1%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 2.2%
Born in Oceania 0.4%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 12.0%
Northern Europe 3.3%
United Kingdom 2.6%
Ireland 0.2%
Other Northern Europe 0.5%
Western Europe 2.8%
France 0.5%
Germany 1.8%
Other Western Europe 0.5%
Southern Europe 1.1%
Italy 0.4%
Portugal 0.1%
Other Southern Europe 0.6%
Eastern Europe 4.6%
Poland 0.4%
Russia 1.2%
Other Eastern Europe 3.0%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.1%
Asia 28.0%
Eastern Asia 6.0%
China 3.7%
China, excluding Taiwan 3.3%
Taiwan 0.4%
Japan 0.6%
Korea 1.7%
Other Eastern Asia N
South Central Asia 12.0%
India 9.3%
Iran 0.5%
Other South Central Asia 2.2%
Southeastern Asia 8.0%
Philippines 2.2%
Vietnam 3.1%
Other Southeastern Asia 2.7%
Western Asia 1.8%
Israel 0.1%
Lebanon 0.2%
Other Western Asia 1.4%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.1%
Africa 8.3%
Eastern Africa 1.6%
Northern Africa 1.4%
Western Africa 3.2%
Middle and Southern Africa 1.5%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.7%
Oceania 0.4%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.3%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.1%
Americas 51.3%
Latin America 49.1%
Caribbean 6.1%
Cuba 1.3%
Jamaica 1.6%
Other Caribbean 3.2%
Central America 35.4%
Mexico 22.3%
El Salvador 3.7%
Other Central America 9.4%
South America 7.7%
Brazil 1.1%
Colombia 2.3%
Other South America 4.3%
Northern America 2.2%
Canada 2.2%
Other Northern America N
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 17.4%
1980-1989 20.2%
1990-1999 26.6%
Since 2000 35.9%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 430,000
Born in Africa 20,369
Born in Asia 93,133
Born in Europe 60,222
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 239,853
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 14,598
Cat28 1,825
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 4.7%
Born in Asia 21.7%
Born in Europe 14.0%
Born in Latin America 55.8%
Born in Northern America 3.4%
Born in Oceania 0.4%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 110,539
Born in Africa 5,269
Born in Asia 38,854
Born in Europe 35,764
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 22,823
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 6,991
Cat21 838
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 4.8%
Born in Asia 35.1%
Born in Europe 32.4%
Born in Latin America 20.6%
Born in Northern America 6.3%
Born in Oceania 0.8%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 916,787
Naturalized citizens 404,205
Noncitizens 512,582
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 404,205
Before 1990 62,164
1990-1999 51,665
2000-2009 107,401
2010-2014 61,523
Since 2015 121,452
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 44.1%
Noncitizens 55.9%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 15.4%
1980-1989 12.8%
1990-1999 26.6%
2000-2009 15.2%
Since 2010 30.0%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 430,000
Naturalized citizens 112,822
Noncitizens 317,178
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 26.2%
Noncitizens 73.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 115,077
Naturalized citizens 49,616
Noncitizens 65,461
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 43.1%
Noncitizens 56.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 285,384
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 20,378
% married among women who gave birth
78.2%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
21.8%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 2,233,440
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 108,889
% married among women who gave birth 65.2%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 34.8%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S Census Bureau’s pooled 2018-2022 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2022 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3.21
Average family size 3.61
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.34
Average family size 2.92
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers to children between ages 0 and 17 (regardless of their nativity) who reside with at least one parent. This means that the number of children shown here is smaller than the overall number of U.S. children under 18. Since 2013, the U.S. Census Bureau includes children of same-sex married couples in its count of children in families and subfamilies.

 
Children under age 18 with 2,163,126
Only native parent(s)
1,728,091
One or more foreign-born parents
435,035

Child is native

376,623

Child is foreign born

58,412
Children under age 6 with 678,534
Only native parent(s)
546,361
One or more foreign-born parents
132,173

Child is native

121,432

Child is foreign born

10,741
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 1,484,592
Only native parent(s)
1,181,730
One or more foreign-born parents
302,862

Child is native

255,191

Child is foreign born

47,671
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers to children between ages 0 and 17 (regardless of their nativity) who reside with at least one parent. This means that the number of children shown here is smaller than the overall number of U.S. children under 18. Since 2013, the U.S. Census Bureau includes children of same-sex married couples in its count of children in families and subfamilies. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

849,477
Only native parents 632,558
One or more foreign-born parents 216,919
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 79.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 20.1%
Child is native 17.4%
Child is foreign born 2.7%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 80.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 19.5%
Child is native 17.9%
Child is foreign born 1.6%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 79.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 20.4%
Child is native 17.2%
Child is foreign born 3.2%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 74.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 25.5%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,847,485
Only native parent(s) 1,679,668
One or more foreign-born parents 167,817
Child is native 123,593
Child is foreign born 44,224
Children under age 6 with 611,440
Only native parent(s) 541,905
One or more foreign-born parents 69,535
Child is native 59,710
Child is foreign born 9,825
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 1,236,045
Only native parent(s) 1,137,763
One or more foreign-born parents 98,282
Child is native 63,883
Child is foreign born 34,399
Children in Low-Income Families* 698,925
Only native parents 613,915
One or more foreign-born parents 85,010
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 90.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 9.1%
Child is native 6.7%
Child is foreign born 2.4%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 88.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 11.4%
Child is native 9.8%
Child is foreign born 1.6%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 92.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 8.0%
Child is native 5.2%
Child is foreign born 2.8%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 87.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 12.2%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,530,480
Only native parent(s) 1,478,643
One or more foreign-born parents 51,837
Child is native 42,564
Child is foreign born 9,273
Children under age 6 with 526,359
Only native parent(s) 506,775
One or more foreign-born parents 19,584
Child is native 17,733
Child is foreign born 1,851
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 1,004,121
Only native parent(s) 971,868
One or more foreign-born parents 32,253
Child is native 24,831
Child is foreign born 7,422
Children in Low-Income Families* 619,413
Only native parents 599,766
One or more foreign-born parents 19,647
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 96.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 3.4%
Child is native 2.8%
Child is foreign born 0.6%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 96.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 3.7%
Child is native 3.4%
Child is foreign born 0.4%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 96.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 3.2%
Child is native 2.5%
Child is foreign born 0.7%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 96.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 3.2%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2022 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, click here. For ACS methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Matthew Sobek, Daniel Backman, Annie Chen, Grace Cooper, Stephanie Richards, Renae Rogers, and Megan Schouweiler. IPUMS USA: Version 14.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2023. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V14.0​.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • Race and Hispanic origin: In preparation for the 2020 Decennial Census, the Census Bureau has made some improvements and changes in how the respondents were asked about their race and Hispanic origin on the 2020 decennial Census form. The goal was to achieve a more accurate portrait of how U.S. residents self-identify. The same changes in the questionnaire design were implemented in the subsequent ACS as well. Note that the racial composition of the U.S. population in the current ACS looks different from pre-2020 data. For instance, the proportion of people who reported “two or more races” has increased, while the proportion of “white alone” decreased, reflecting both the growth of a more racially diverse population and the changes in the questionnaire design. Race and Hispanic origin comparisons between the current ACS and pre-2020 data should be made with caution, taking into account the changes in the questionnaire design. For more details, visit the Census Bureau’s Resource Library.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2018-2022 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2022 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Children: The data here include children between ages 0 and 17 (regardless of their nativity) who reside with at least one parent. This means that the number of children shown here is smaller than the overall number of U.S. children under 18. Since 2013, the U.S. Census Bureau has included children of same-sex married couples in its count of children in families and subfamilies.