E.g., 07/23/2019
E.g., 07/23/2019

State Demographics Data - NC

North Carolina

Demographics & Social
2017
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 829,416
% Foreign Born 8.1%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2017 92.9%
% change: 1990-2000 273.7%
Race (%)  
One race 98.6%
White
46.7%
Black or African American
9.3%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.6%
Asian
24.7%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.1%
Other race
17.1%
Two or more races 1.4%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 390,806
% Latino 47.1%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 1.0%
5-17 6.7%
18-64 82.5%
65 and older 9.8%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

40.6
Gender (% female) 50.8%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 25.4%
Married 61.5%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 13.0%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 9,444,003
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 23.9%
% change: 1990-2000 17.0%
Race (%)  
One race 97.3%
White 70.7%
Black or African American 22.5%
American Indian and Alaska Native 1.2%
Asian 1.0%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.1%
Other race 1.8%
Two or more races 2.7%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 571,660
% Latino 6.1%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 6.3%
5-17 17.4%
18-64 59.9%
65 and older 16.4%
Median Age 38.4
Gender (% female) 51.4%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 32.4%
Married 47.4%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 20.2%
Foreign Born
Number 430,000
% Foreign Born 5.3%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 7,619,313
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 115,077
% Foreign Born 1.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 6,513,560
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

829,416
Born in Africa 62,324
Born in Asia 228,526
Born in Europe 89,958
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 422,624
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 22,595
Born in Oceania 3,389
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 India
Country #3 El Salvador
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

829,416
Europe 89,958
Northern Europe 27,259
United Kingdom
21,131
Ireland
1,548
Other Northern Europe
4,580
Western Europe 25,642
France
2,605
Germany
17,432
Other Western Europe
5,605
Southern Europe 9,344
Italy
4,293
Portugal
956
Other Southern Europe
4,095
Eastern Europe 27,713
Poland
3,612
Russia
7,926
Other Eastern Europe
16,175
Other Europe (no country specified) 0
Asia 228,526
Eastern Asia 53,391
China
33,321

China, excluding Taiwan

29,918

Taiwan

3,403
Japan
6,178
Korea
13,892
Other Eastern Asia
0
South Central Asia 91,054
India
73,418
Iran
3,482
Other South Central Asia
14,154
Southeastern Asia 67,458
Philippines
18,054
Vietnam
28,311
Other Southeastern Asia
21,093
Western Asia 15,713
Israel
1,185
Lebanon
1,196
Other Western Asia
13,332
Other Asia (no country specified) 910
Africa 62,324
Eastern Africa 15,506
Northern Africa
10,055
Western Africa
20,760
Middle and Southern Africa
13,091
Other Africa (no country specified)
2,912
Oceania 3,389
Australia and New Zealand subregion 2,364
Oceania (no country specified) 1,025
Americas 445,219
Latin America 422,624
Caribbean
35,778

Cuba

8,102

Jamaica

9,204

Other Caribbean

18,472
Central America
335,679

Mexico

236,468

El Salvador

32,066

Other Central America

67,145
South America
51,167

Brazil

8,219

Colombia

16,930

Other South America

26,018
Northern America 22,595
Canada
22,405
Other Northern America
190
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 173,877
1990-1999 197,897
2000-2009 263,460
Since 2010 194,182
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 7.5%
Born in Asia 27.6%
Born in Europe 10.8%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 51.0%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 2.7%
Born in Oceania 0.4%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 35.9
Country #2 5.70%
Country #3 3.7
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 10.8%
Northern Europe 3.3%
United Kingdom 2.5%
Ireland 0.2%
Other Northern Europe 0.6%
Western Europe 3.1%
France 0.3%
Germany 2.1%
Other Western Europe 0.7%
Southern Europe 1.1%
Italy 0.5%
Portugal 0.1%
Other Southern Europe 0.5%
Eastern Europe 3.3%
Poland 0.4%
Russia 1.0%
Other Eastern Europe 2.0%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.0%
Asia 27.6%
Eastern Asia 6.4%
China 4.0%
China, excluding Taiwan 3.6%
Taiwan 0.4%
Japan 0.7%
Korea 1.7%
Other Eastern Asia 0.0%
South Central Asia 11.0%
India 8.9%
Iran 0.4%
Other South Central Asia 1.7%
Southeastern Asia 8.1%
Philippines 2.2%
Vietnam 3.4%
Other Southeastern Asia 2.5%
Western Asia 1.9%
Israel 0.1%
Lebanon 0.1%
Other Western Asia 1.6%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.1%
Africa 7.5%
Eastern Africa 1.9%
Northern Africa 1.2%
Western Africa 2.5%
Middle and Southern Africa 1.6%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.4%
Oceania 0.4%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.3%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.1%
Americas 53.7%
Latin America 51.0%
Caribbean 4.3%
Cuba 1.0%
Jamaica 1.1%
Other Caribbean 2.2%
Central America 40.5%
Mexico 28.5%
El Salvador 3.9%
Other Central America 8.1%
South America 6.2%
Brazil 1.0%
Colombia 2.0%
Other South America 3.1%
Northern America 2.7%
Canada 2.7%
Other Northern America 0.0%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 21.0%
1980-1989 23.9%
1990-1999 31.8%
Since 2000 23.4%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 430,000
Born in Africa 20,369
Born in Asia 93,133
Born in Europe 60,222
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 239,853
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 14,598
Cat28 1,825
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 India
Country #3 Germany
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 4.7%
Born in Asia 21.7%
Born in Europe 14.0%
Born in Latin America 55.8%
Born in Northern America 3.4%
Born in Oceania 0.4%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 40
Country #2 3.80%
Country #3 3.8
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 110,539
Born in Africa 5,269
Born in Asia 38,854
Born in Europe 35,764
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 22,823
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 6,991
Cat21 838
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 190
Country #2 Mexico
Country #3 United Kingdom
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 4.8%
Born in Asia 35.1%
Born in Europe 32.4%
Born in Latin America 20.6%
Born in Northern America 6.3%
Born in Oceania 0.8%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 10.2
Country #2 7.70%
Country #3 7.20%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 829,416
Naturalized citizens 319,681
Noncitizens 509,735
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 319,681
Before 1980 33,619
1980-1989 27,318
1990-1999 51,222
2000-2009 109,117
Since 2010 98,405
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 38.5%
Noncitizens 61.5%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 10.5%
1980-1989 8.5%
1990-1999 16.0%
2000-2009 34.1%
Since 2010 30.8%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 430,000
Naturalized citizens 112,822
Noncitizens 317,178
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 26.2%
Noncitizens 73.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 115,077
Naturalized citizens 49,616
Noncitizens 65,461
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 43.1%
Noncitizens 56.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 279,750
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 18,488
% married among women who gave birth
78.5%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
21.5%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 2,178,177
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 109,272
% married among women who gave birth 61.5%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 38.5%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2012-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3.32
Average family size 3.72
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.45
Average family size 3.05
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 2,174,450
Only native parent(s)
1,747,030
One or more foreign-born parents
427,420

Child is native

374,515

Child is foreign born

52,905
Children under age 6 with 695,029
Only native parent(s)
560,612
One or more foreign-born parents
134,417

Child is native

123,285

Child is foreign born

11,132
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 1,479,421
Only native parent(s)
1,186,418
One or more foreign-born parents
293,003

Child is native

251,230

Child is foreign born

41,773
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

923,392
Only native parents 673,025
One or more foreign-born parents 250,367
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 80.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 19.7%
Child is native 17.2%
Child is foreign born 2.4%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 80.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 19.3%
Child is native 17.7%
Child is foreign born 1.6%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 80.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 19.8%
Child is native 17.0%
Child is foreign born 2.8%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 72.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 27.1%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,847,485
Only native parent(s) 1,679,668
One or more foreign-born parents 167,817
Child is native 123,593
Child is foreign born 44,224
Children under age 6 with 611,440
Only native parent(s) 541,905
One or more foreign-born parents 69,535
Child is native 59,710
Child is foreign born 9,825
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 1,236,045
Only native parent(s) 1,137,763
One or more foreign-born parents 98,282
Child is native 63,883
Child is foreign born 34,399
Children in Low-Income Families* 698,925
Only native parents 613,915
One or more foreign-born parents 85,010
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 90.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 9.1%
Child is native 6.7%
Child is foreign born 2.4%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 88.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 11.4%
Child is native 9.8%
Child is foreign born 1.6%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 92.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 8.0%
Child is native 5.2%
Child is foreign born 2.8%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 87.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 12.2%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,530,480
Only native parent(s) 1,478,643
One or more foreign-born parents 51,837
Child is native 42,564
Child is foreign born 9,273
Children under age 6 with 526,359
Only native parent(s) 506,775
One or more foreign-born parents 19,584
Child is native 17,733
Child is foreign born 1,851
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 1,004,121
Only native parent(s) 971,868
One or more foreign-born parents 32,253
Child is native 24,831
Child is foreign born 7,422
Children in Low-Income Families* 619,413
Only native parents 599,766
One or more foreign-born parents 19,647
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 96.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 3.4%
Child is native 2.8%
Child is foreign born 0.6%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 96.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 3.7%
Child is native 3.4%
Child is foreign born 0.4%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 96.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 3.2%
Child is native 2.5%
Child is foreign born 0.7%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 96.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 3.2%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2017 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas, and Matthew Sobek. Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS) USA: Version 8.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2018. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V8.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.