E.g., 07/08/2020
E.g., 07/08/2020

State Demographics Data - NC

North Carolina

Demographics & Social
2018
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 824,177
% Foreign Born 7.9%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2018 91.7%
% change: 1990-2000 273.7%
Race (%)  
One race 97.6%
White
43.9%
Black or African American
9.2%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.5%
Asian
25.6%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.2%
Other race
18.1%
Two or more races 2.4%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 389,506
% Latino 47.3%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.9%
5-17 6.0%
18-64 83.4%
65 and older 9.7%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

41
Gender (% female) 49.8%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 25.2%
Married 61.5%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 13.3%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 9,559,443
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 25.5%
% change: 1990-2000 17.0%
Race (%)  
One race 97.1%
White 70.5%
Black or African American 22.5%
American Indian and Alaska Native 1.2%
Asian 1.0%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.1%
Other race 1.9%
Two or more races 2.9%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 606,023
% Latino 6.3%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 6.2%
5-17 17.3%
18-64 59.7%
65 and older 16.8%
Median Age 38.5
Gender (% female) 51.5%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 32.8%
Married 47.0%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 20.2%
Foreign Born
Number 430,000
% Foreign Born 5.3%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 7,619,313
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 115,077
% Foreign Born 1.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 6,513,560
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

824,177
Born in Africa 57,793
Born in Asia 234,510
Born in Europe 84,782
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 423,690
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 18,691
Born in Oceania 4,711
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

824,177
Europe 84,782
Northern Europe 24,494
United Kingdom
19,146
Ireland
1,996
Other Northern Europe
3,352
Western Europe 23,472
France
3,277
Germany
16,207
Other Western Europe
3,988
Southern Europe 9,154
Italy
3,922
Portugal
387
Other Southern Europe
4,845
Eastern Europe 27,662
Poland
3,147
Russia
6,132
Other Eastern Europe
18,383
Other Europe (no country specified) 0
Asia 234,510
Eastern Asia 58,015
China
33,594

China, excluding Taiwan

29,309

Taiwan

4,285
Japan
8,016
Korea
16,372
Other Eastern Asia
33
South Central Asia 102,289
India
74,860
Iran
3,397
Other South Central Asia
24,032
Southeastern Asia 58,473
Philippines
16,350
Vietnam
17,072
Other Southeastern Asia
25,051
Western Asia 14,948
Israel
1,504
Lebanon
1,211
Other Western Asia
12,233
Other Asia (no country specified) 785
Africa 57,793
Eastern Africa 11,046
Northern Africa
9,577
Western Africa
21,442
Middle and Southern Africa
12,779
Other Africa (no country specified)
2,949
Oceania 4,711
Australia and New Zealand subregion 3,384
Oceania (no country specified) 1,327
Americas 442,381
Latin America 423,690
Caribbean
44,811

Cuba

6,855

Jamaica

9,190

Other Caribbean

28,766
Central America
324,369

Mexico

231,894

El Salvador

28,427

Other Central America

64,048
South America
54,510

Brazil

7,310

Colombia

13,143

Other South America

34,057
Northern America 18,691
Canada
18,691
Other Northern America
0
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 158,297
1990-1999 205,587
2000-2009 245,735
Since 2010 214,558
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 7.0%
Born in Asia 28.5%
Born in Europe 10.3%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 51.4%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 2.3%
Born in Oceania 0.6%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 10.3%
Northern Europe 3.0%
United Kingdom 2.3%
Ireland 0.2%
Other Northern Europe 0.4%
Western Europe 2.8%
France 0.4%
Germany 2.0%
Other Western Europe 0.5%
Southern Europe 1.1%
Italy 0.5%
Portugal 0.0%
Other Southern Europe 0.6%
Eastern Europe 3.4%
Poland 0.4%
Russia 0.7%
Other Eastern Europe 2.2%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.0%
Asia 28.5%
Eastern Asia 7.0%
China 4.1%
China, excluding Taiwan 3.6%
Taiwan 0.5%
Japan 1.0%
Korea 2.0%
Other Eastern Asia 0.0%
South Central Asia 12.4%
India 9.1%
Iran 0.4%
Other South Central Asia 2.9%
Southeastern Asia 7.1%
Philippines 2.0%
Vietnam 2.1%
Other Southeastern Asia 3.0%
Western Asia 1.8%
Israel 0.2%
Lebanon 0.1%
Other Western Asia 1.5%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.1%
Africa 7.0%
Eastern Africa 1.3%
Northern Africa 1.2%
Western Africa 2.6%
Middle and Southern Africa 1.6%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.4%
Oceania 0.6%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.4%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.2%
Americas 53.7%
Latin America 51.4%
Caribbean 5.4%
Cuba 0.8%
Jamaica 1.1%
Other Caribbean 3.5%
Central America 39.4%
Mexico 28.1%
El Salvador 3.4%
Other Central America 7.8%
South America 6.6%
Brazil 0.9%
Colombia 1.6%
Other South America 4.1%
Northern America 2.3%
Canada 2.3%
Other Northern America 0.0%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 19.2%
1980-1989 24.9%
1990-1999 29.8%
Since 2000 26.0%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 430,000
Born in Africa 20,369
Born in Asia 93,133
Born in Europe 60,222
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 239,853
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 14,598
Cat28 1,825
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 4.7%
Born in Asia 21.7%
Born in Europe 14.0%
Born in Latin America 55.8%
Born in Northern America 3.4%
Born in Oceania 0.4%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 110,539
Born in Africa 5,269
Born in Asia 38,854
Born in Europe 35,764
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 22,823
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 6,991
Cat21 838
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 4.8%
Born in Asia 35.1%
Born in Europe 32.4%
Born in Latin America 20.6%
Born in Northern America 6.3%
Born in Oceania 0.8%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 824,177
Naturalized citizens 322,458
Noncitizens 501,719
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 322,458
Before 1990 55,723
1990-1999 46,646
2000-2009 101,572
2010-2014 65,968
Since 2015 52,549
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 39.1%
Noncitizens 60.9%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 17.3%
1980-1989 14.5%
1990-1999 31.5%
2000-2009 20.5%
Since 2010 16.3%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 430,000
Naturalized citizens 112,822
Noncitizens 317,178
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 26.2%
Noncitizens 73.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 115,077
Naturalized citizens 49,616
Noncitizens 65,461
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 43.1%
Noncitizens 56.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 272,159
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 16,134
% married among women who gave birth
79.6%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
20.4%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 2,196,713
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 103,146
% married among women who gave birth 62.7%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 37.3%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3
Average family size 4
U.S. Born
Average household size 2
Average family size 3
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 2,153,431
Only native parent(s)
1,728,856
One or more foreign-born parents
424,575

Child is native

376,905

Child is foreign born

47,670
Children under age 6 with 683,319
Only native parent(s)
550,700
One or more foreign-born parents
132,619

Child is native

123,190

Child is foreign born

9,429
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 1,470,112
Only native parent(s)
1,178,156
One or more foreign-born parents
291,956

Child is native

253,715

Child is foreign born

38,241
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

922,122
Only native parents 672,397
One or more foreign-born parents 249,725
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 80.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 19.7%
Child is native 17.5%
Child is foreign born 2.2%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 80.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 19.4%
Child is native 18.0%
Child is foreign born 1.4%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 80.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 19.9%
Child is native 17.3%
Child is foreign born 2.6%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 72.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 27.1%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,847,485
Only native parent(s) 1,679,668
One or more foreign-born parents 167,817
Child is native 123,593
Child is foreign born 44,224
Children under age 6 with 611,440
Only native parent(s) 541,905
One or more foreign-born parents 69,535
Child is native 59,710
Child is foreign born 9,825
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 1,236,045
Only native parent(s) 1,137,763
One or more foreign-born parents 98,282
Child is native 63,883
Child is foreign born 34,399
Children in Low-Income Families* 698,925
Only native parents 613,915
One or more foreign-born parents 85,010
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 90.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 9.1%
Child is native 6.7%
Child is foreign born 2.4%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 88.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 11.4%
Child is native 9.8%
Child is foreign born 1.6%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 92.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 8.0%
Child is native 5.2%
Child is foreign born 2.8%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 87.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 12.2%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,530,480
Only native parent(s) 1,478,643
One or more foreign-born parents 51,837
Child is native 42,564
Child is foreign born 9,273
Children under age 6 with 526,359
Only native parent(s) 506,775
One or more foreign-born parents 19,584
Child is native 17,733
Child is foreign born 1,851
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 1,004,121
Only native parent(s) 971,868
One or more foreign-born parents 32,253
Child is native 24,831
Child is foreign born 7,422
Children in Low-Income Families* 619,413
Only native parents 599,766
One or more foreign-born parents 19,647
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 96.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 3.4%
Child is native 2.8%
Child is foreign born 0.6%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 96.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 3.7%
Child is native 3.4%
Child is foreign born 0.4%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 96.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 3.2%
Child is native 2.5%
Child is foreign born 0.7%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 96.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 3.2%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2018 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas, and Matthew Sobek. Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS) USA: Version 8.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2018. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V8.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.