E.g., 03/04/2024
E.g., 03/04/2024
State Income Data - MN
 

Minnesota

Income & Poverty
2022
2000
1990
Poverty

Note: Poverty status is not determined for unrelated individuals under the age of 15 (such as foster children) or for persons lacking conventional housing.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%)

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2018-2022 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2022 ACS.

490,649
Below 100% of the poverty level 15.4%
100-199% of the poverty level 16.1%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 68.5%
People in Poverty: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2022 47.8%
% change: 1990-2000 85.3%
% Families in Poverty by Family Type

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2018-2022 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2022 ACS.

 
All families (among those for whom poverty status is determined) 14.1%
With related children under age 18
18.6%
With related children under age 5
20.8%
Married-couple families 8.7%
With related children under age 18
10.5%
With related children under age 5
13.0%
Families with female householder, no husband present 31.0%
With related children under age 18
39.4%
With related children under age 5
60.9%
Poverty by U.S. Citizenship Status (among the foreign born)  
Naturalized citizens 287,132
Below 100% of the poverty level
12.5%
100-199% of the poverty level
16.0%
At or above 200% of the poverty level
71.5%
Noncitizens 203,517
Below 100% of the poverty level
19.6%
100-199% of the poverty level
16.3%
At or above 200% of the poverty level
64.1%
Foreign Born Living in Poverty by Region of Birth

Note: The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Born in Africa N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N
Born in Asia 178,002
Below 100% of the poverty level
11.7%
Born in Europe 43,070
Below 100% of the poverty level
8.2%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 109,779
Below 100% of the poverty level
16.9%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N
Born in Oceania N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 5,109,121
Below 100% of the poverty level 9.1%
100-199% of the poverty level 12.1%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 78.8%
People in Poverty: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 40.2%
% change: 1990-2000 -18.2%
% Families in Poverty by Family Type  
All families (among those for whom poverty status is determined) 5.0%
With related children under age 18
7.6%
With related children under age 5
8.7%
Married-couple families 2.5%
With related children under age 18
2.3%
With related children under age 5
2.3%
Families with female householder, no husband present 18.0%
With related children under age 18
26.0%
With related children under age 5
35.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 251,836
Below 100% of the poverty level 20.3%
100-199% of the poverty level 20.0%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 59.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 4,544,105
Below 100% of the poverty level 7.3%
100-199% of the poverty level 13.4%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 79.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 109,068
Below 100% of the poverty level 25.3%
100-199% of the poverty level 19.3%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 55.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 4,136,635
Below 100% of the poverty level 9.8%
100-199% of the poverty level 15.9%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 74.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Poverty by Language Spoken at Home Number
Household population (among those for whom poverty status is determined, age 5 and older) 5,276,730
Below 100% of the poverty level 502,828
Speaks only English
4,633,896
Below 100% of the poverty level 401,975
Speaks Spanish
199,957
Below 100% of the poverty level 29,853
Speaks other Indo-European languages
100,759
Below 100% of the poverty level 11,090
Speaks Asian or Pacific Island languages
181,747
Below 100% of the poverty level 21,750
Speaks other languages
160,371
Below 100% of the poverty level 38,160
%
Household population (among those for whom poverty status is determined, age 5 and older) 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 9.5%
Speaks only English 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 8.7%
Speaks only Spanish 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 14.9%
Speaks other Indo-European languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 11.0%
Speaks Asian or Pacific Island languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 12.0%
Speaks other languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 23.8%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Earnings

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2018-2022 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2022 ACS.

Foreign Born
Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older). Earnings in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) 232,103
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss 1.5%
Earned $10,000-$14,999 2.1%
Earned $15,000-$24,999 5.5%
Earned $25,000-$34,999 13.0%
Earned $35,000-$49,999 21.6%
Earned $50,000-$74,999 26.3%
Earned $75,000 or more 30.1%
Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) Earnings in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) by U.S. Citizenship  
Naturalized citizens (%) 142,740
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss
1.5%
Earned $10,000-$14,999
2.2%
Earned $15,000-$24,999
4.1%
Earned $25,000-$34,999
10.6%
Earned $35,000-$49,999
21.1%
Earned $50,000-$74,999
28.2%
Earned $75,000 or more
32.3%
Noncitizens (%) 89,363
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss
1.6%
Earned $10,000-$14,999
1.9%
Earned $15,000-$24,999
7.6%
Earned $25,000-$34,999
16.8%
Earned $35,000-$49,999
22.4%
Earned $50,000-$74,999
23.1%
Earned $75,000 or more
26.5%
Median Earnings of Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars by Gender Foreign Born
Male $58,792
Female $48,676
Median Earnings of Foreign-Born Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars by U.S. Citizenship Status and Gender  
Naturalized citizens  
Male
$60,704
Female
$52,219
Noncitizens  
Male
$54,660
Female
$41,448
U.S. Born
Earnings of Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) 1,883,594
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss 1.4%
Earned $10,000-$14,999 1.3%
Earned $15,000-$24,999 3.7%
Earned $25,000-$34,999 8.7%
Earned $35,000-$49,999 18.0%
Earned $50,000-$74,999 27.9%
Earned $75,000 or more 39.0%
Nothing 1  
Nothing 2  
Nothing 3  
Nothing 4  
Nothing 5  
Nothing 6  
Nothing 7  
Nothing 8  
Nothing 9  
Nothing 10  
Nothing 11  
Nothing 12  
Nothing 13  
Nothing 14  
Nothing 15  
Nothing 16  
Nothing 17  
Native Born Native Born
Male $68,787
Female $57,229
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Median Household Income

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2018-2022 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2022 ACS.

Foreign Born
Median Household Income $74,993
Median Household Income by U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized citizens $79,773
Noncitizens $65,094
U.S. Born
Median Household Income $83,311
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
Home Ownership Rate

Note: 1) Refers to the percentage owner households represent among all occupied households. 2) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2018-2022 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2022 ACS. 3) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Home Ownership Rate 52.2%
Home Ownership Rate by Householder's U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized citizens 61.6%
Noncitizens 34.7%
U.S. Born
Home Ownership Rate 74.1%
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
Health Insurance Coverage

Note: Since some people may hold both private and public health insurance coverage at the same time, estimates of those with private health insurance and those with public coverage may overlap. Their sum therefore may be greater than the total number of people with health insurance.

Foreign Born
Civilian noninstitutionalized population (%) 494,801
With health insurance 87.0%
With private health insurance
57.7%
With public coverage
35.1%
No health insurance coverage 13.0%
Health Insurance Coverage by U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized Citizens (%) 287,592
With health insurance 93.7%
With private health insurance
60.7%
With public coverage
40.4%
No health insurance coverage 6.3%
Noncitizens (%) 207,209
With health insurance 77.8%
With private health insurance
53.7%
With public coverage
27.8%
No health insurance coverage 22.2%
U.S. Born
Civilian noninstitutionalized population (%) 5,162,768
With health insurance 96.3%
With private health insurance
76.4%
With public coverage
35.4%
No health insurance coverage 3.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2022 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, click here. For ACS methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Matthew Sobek, Daniel Backman, Annie Chen, Grace Cooper, Stephanie Richards, Renae Rogers, and Megan Schouweiler. IPUMS USA: Version 14.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2023. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V14.0​.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • Poverty status is not determined for unrelated individuals under the age of 15 (such as foster children) or for persons lacking conventional housing. 
  • The term “home ownership rate” refers to the percentage owner households represent among all occupied households.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Poverty,” “Earnings,” “Median Household Income,” and “Home Ownership Rate”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2018-2022 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2022 ACS.
  • In the “% Families in Poverty by Family Type” section, “related children” refer to “related children of the householder.”
  • “Health Insurance Coverage”: Private coverage includes employer- or union-provided insurance, insurance purchased directly, and TRICARE (the health program of the U.S. military) or other military health care. Public coverage includes Medicare, Medicaid, or another governmental medical assistance program, and Veterans Administration health care. Individuals can be covered by more than one type of insurance, and they can be covered by both private and public insurers. Since some people may hold both private and public health insurance coverage at the same time, estimates of those with private health insurance and those with public coverage may overlap. Their sum therefore may be greater than the total number of people with health insurance.