E.g., 02/27/2021
E.g., 02/27/2021

State Income Data - MN

Minnesota

Income & Poverty
2018
2000
1990
Poverty

Note: Poverty status is not determined for unrelated individuals under the age of 15 (such as foster children) or for persons lacking conventional housing.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%)

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.

475,749
Below 100% of the poverty level 17.5%
100-199% of the poverty level 21.0%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 61.5%
People in Poverty: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2018 62.9%
% change: 1990-2000 85.3%
% Families in Poverty by Family Type

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.

 
All families (among those for whom poverty status is determined) 16.1%
With related children under age 18
19.3%
With related children under age 5
16.0%
Married-couple families 10.3%
With related children under age 18
12.7%
With related children under age 5
10.0%
Families with female householder, no husband present 35.3%
With related children under age 18
38.6%
With related children under age 5
39.1%
Poverty by U.S. Citizenship Status (among the foreign born)  
Naturalized citizens 251,947
Below 100% of the poverty level
15.1%
100-199% of the poverty level
16.9%
At or above 200% of the poverty level
68.0%
Noncitizens 223,802
Below 100% of the poverty level
20.1%
100-199% of the poverty level
25.5%
At or above 200% of the poverty level
54.4%
Foreign Born Living in Poverty by Region of Birth

Note: The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Born in Africa N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N
Born in Asia 177,083
Below 100% of the poverty level
14.3%
Born in Europe 47,069
Below 100% of the poverty level
10.1%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 109,796
Below 100% of the poverty level
16.0%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N
Born in Oceania N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 5,012,595
Below 100% of the poverty level 8.9%
100-199% of the poverty level 13.3%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 77.8%
People in Poverty: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 34.5%
% change: 1990-2000 -18.2%
% Families in Poverty by Family Type  
All families (among those for whom poverty status is determined) 4.6%
With related children under age 18
7.4%
With related children under age 5
7.8%
Married-couple families 2.0%
With related children under age 18
2.2%
With related children under age 5
2.2%
Families with female householder, no husband present 18.7%
With related children under age 18
25.4%
With related children under age 5
30.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 251,836
Below 100% of the poverty level 20.3%
100-199% of the poverty level 20.0%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 59.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 4,544,105
Below 100% of the poverty level 7.3%
100-199% of the poverty level 13.4%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 79.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 109,068
Below 100% of the poverty level 25.3%
100-199% of the poverty level 19.3%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 55.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 4,136,635
Below 100% of the poverty level 9.8%
100-199% of the poverty level 15.9%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 74.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Poverty by Language Spoken at Home Number
Household population (among those for whom poverty status is determined, age 5 and older) 5,138,596
Below 100% of the poverty level 486,244
Speaks only English
4,510,579
Below 100% of the poverty level 369,956
Speaks Spanish
207,175
Below 100% of the poverty level 33,542
Speaks other Indo-European languages
105,653
Below 100% of the poverty level 11,321
Speaks Asian or Pacific Island languages
172,871
Below 100% of the poverty level 25,959
Speaks other languages
142,318
Below 100% of the poverty level 45,466
%
Household population (among those for whom poverty status is determined, age 5 and older) 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 9.5%
Speaks only English 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 8.2%
Speaks only Spanish 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 16.2%
Speaks other Indo-European languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 10.7%
Speaks Asian or Pacific Island languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 15.0%
Speaks other languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 31.9%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Earnings

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.

Foreign Born
Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older). Earnings in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) 211,718
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss 1.1%
Earned $10,000-$14,999 2.2%
Earned $15,000-$24,999 12.9%
Earned $25,000-$34,999 21.3%
Earned $35,000-$49,999 22.6%
Earned $50,000-$74,999 18.0%
Earned $75,000 or more 21.9%
Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) Earnings in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) by U.S. Citizenship  
Naturalized citizens (%) 114,576
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss
1.2%
Earned $10,000-$14,999
1.8%
Earned $15,000-$24,999
10.5%
Earned $25,000-$34,999
17.6%
Earned $35,000-$49,999
24.2%
Earned $50,000-$74,999
20.0%
Earned $75,000 or more
24.6%
Noncitizens (%) 97,142
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss
1.1%
Earned $10,000-$14,999
2.6%
Earned $15,000-$24,999
15.7%
Earned $25,000-$34,999
25.7%
Earned $35,000-$49,999
20.7%
Earned $50,000-$74,999
15.6%
Earned $75,000 or more
18.6%
Median Earnings of Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars by Gender Foreign Born
Male $45,797
Female $36,276
Median Earnings of Foreign-Born Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars by U.S. Citizenship Status and Gender  
Naturalized citizens  
Male
$51,325
Female
$38,592
Noncitizens  
Male
$40,122
Female
$33,103
U.S. Born
Earnings of Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) 1,856,709
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss 1.3%
Earned $10,000-$14,999 1.7%
Earned $15,000-$24,999 6.9%
Earned $25,000-$34,999 13.0%
Earned $35,000-$49,999 21.6%
Earned $50,000-$74,999 26.6%
Earned $75,000 or more 28.9%
Nothing 1  
Nothing 2  
Nothing 3  
Nothing 4  
Nothing 5  
Nothing 6  
Nothing 7  
Nothing 8  
Nothing 9  
Nothing 10  
Nothing 11  
Nothing 12  
Nothing 13  
Nothing 14  
Nothing 15  
Nothing 16  
Nothing 17  
Native Born Native Born
Male $58,910
Female $48,119
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Median Household Income

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.

Foreign Born
Median Household Income $55,674
Median Household Income by U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized citizens $60,603
Noncitizens $51,041
U.S. Born
Median Household Income $71,452
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
Home Ownership Rate

Note: 1) Refers to the percentage owner households represent among all occupied households. 2) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS. 3) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Home Ownership Rate 45.8%
Home Ownership Rate by Householder's U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized citizens 55.8%
Noncitizens 31.7%
U.S. Born
Home Ownership Rate 73.9%
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
Health Insurance Coverage

Note: Since some people may hold both private and public health insurance coverage at the same time, estimates of those with private health insurance and those with public coverage may overlap. Their sum therefore may be greater than the total number of people with health insurance.

Foreign Born
Civilian noninstitutionalized population (%) 480,274
With health insurance 87.8%
With private health insurance
59.4%
With public coverage
34.0%
No health insurance coverage 12.2%
Health Insurance Coverage by U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized Citizens (%) 252,674
With health insurance 94.6%
With private health insurance
63.1%
With public coverage
39.6%
No health insurance coverage 5.4%
Noncitizens (%) 227,600
With health insurance 80.2%
With private health insurance
55.3%
With public coverage
27.8%
No health insurance coverage 19.8%
U.S. Born
Civilian noninstitutionalized population (%) 5,073,290
With health insurance 96.3%
With private health insurance
77.7%
With public coverage
33.1%
No health insurance coverage 3.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2018 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas, and Matthew Sobek. Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS) USA: Version 8.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2018. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V8.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • Poverty status is not determined for unrelated individuals under the age of 15 (such as foster children) or for persons lacking conventional housing. 
  • The term “home ownership rate” refers to the percentage owner households represent among all occupied households.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Poverty,” “Earnings,” “Median Household Income,” and “Home Ownership Rate”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.
  • In the “% Families in Poverty by Family Type” section, “related children” refer to “related children of the householder.”
  • “Health Insurance Coverage”: Private coverage includes employer- or union-provided insurance, insurance purchased directly, and TRICARE (the health program of the U.S. military) or other military health care. Public coverage includes Medicare, Medicaid, or another governmental medical assistance program, and Veterans Administration health care. Individuals can be covered by more than one type of insurance, and they can be covered by both private and public insurers. Since some people may hold both private and public health insurance coverage at the same time, estimates of those with private health insurance and those with public coverage may overlap. Their sum therefore may be greater than the total number of people with health insurance.