E.g., 12/18/2018
E.g., 12/18/2018

State Demographics Data - MN

Minnesota

Demographics & Social
2016
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 452,436
% Foreign Born 8.2%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2016 73.7%
% change: 1990-2000 130.4%
Race (%)  
One race 97.8%
White
26.5%
Black or African American
24.0%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.5%
Asian
34.7%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.1%
Other race
12.0%
Two or more races 2.2%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 106,200
% Latino 23.5%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 1.3%
5-17 8.5%
18-64 80.8%
65 and older 9.4%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2012-2016 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2016 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

38.2
Gender (% female) 50.2%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 29.2%
Married 57.1%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 13.8%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 5,067,516
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 8.8%
% change: 1990-2000 9.3%
Race (%)  
One race 97.1%
White 88.3%
Black or African American 4.4%
American Indian and Alaska Native 1.2%
Asian 2.0%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.0%
Other race 1.1%
Two or more races 2.9%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 182,260
% Latino 3.6%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 6.8%
5-17 17.7%
18-64 59.9%
65 and older 15.5%
Median Age 37.9
Gender (% female) 50.2%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 32.5%
Married 50.7%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 16.8%
Foreign Born
Number 260,463
% Foreign Born 5.3%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 4,659,016
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 113,039
% Foreign Born 2.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 4,262,060
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

452,436
Born in Africa 107,880
Born in Asia 169,125
Born in Europe 45,815
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 116,874
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 10,829
Born in Oceania 1,913
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 India
Country #3 Vietnam
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

452,436
Europe 45,815
Northern Europe 7,427
United Kingdom
4,890
Ireland
392
Other Northern Europe
2,145
Western Europe 9,163
France
1,114
Germany
6,081
Other Western Europe
1,968
Southern Europe 2,665
Italy
801
Portugal
630
Other Southern Europe
1,234
Eastern Europe 26,560
Poland
2,467
Russia
5,928
Other Eastern Europe
18,165
Other Europe (no country specified) 0
Asia 169,125
Eastern Asia 37,556
China
20,936

China, excluding Taiwan

19,369

Taiwan

1,567
Japan
3,010
Korea
13,610
Other Eastern Asia
0
South Central Asia 40,347
India
29,076
Iran
1,914
Other South Central Asia
9,357
Southeastern Asia 83,910
Philippines
9,921
Vietnam
20,133
Other Southeastern Asia
53,856
Western Asia 6,899
Israel
630
Lebanon
492
Other Western Asia
5,777
Other Asia (no country specified) 413
Africa 107,880
Eastern Africa 71,566
Northern Africa
5,431
Western Africa
21,903
Middle and Southern Africa
5,122
Other Africa (no country specified)
3,858
Oceania 1,913
Australia and New Zealand subregion 1,630
Oceania (no country specified) 283
Americas 127,703
Latin America 116,874
Caribbean
8,381

Cuba

1,251

Jamaica

1,453

Other Caribbean

5,677
Central America
86,997

Mexico

63,843

El Salvador

9,265

Other Central America

13,889
South America
21,496

Brazil

2,092

Colombia

3,697

Other South America

15,707
Northern America 10,829
Canada
10,829
Other Northern America
0
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 92,740
1990-1999 105,113
2000-2009 143,098
Since 2010 111,485
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 23.8%
Born in Asia 37.4%
Born in Europe 10.1%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 25.8%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 2.4%
Born in Oceania 0.4%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 16.60
Country #2 7.60%
Country #3 4.40
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 10.1%
Northern Europe 1.6%
United Kingdom 1.1%
Ireland 0.1%
Other Northern Europe 0.5%
Western Europe 2.0%
France 0.2%
Germany 1.3%
Other Western Europe 0.4%
Southern Europe 0.6%
Italy 0.2%
Portugal 0.1%
Other Southern Europe 0.3%
Eastern Europe 5.9%
Poland 0.5%
Russia 1.3%
Other Eastern Europe 4.0%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.0%
Asia 37.4%
Eastern Asia 8.3%
China 4.6%
China, excluding Taiwan 4.3%
Taiwan 0.3%
Japan 0.7%
Korea 3.0%
Other Eastern Asia 0.0%
South Central Asia 8.9%
India 6.4%
Iran 0.4%
Other South Central Asia 2.1%
Southeastern Asia 18.5%
Philippines 2.2%
Vietnam 4.4%
Other Southeastern Asia 11.9%
Western Asia 1.5%
Israel 0.1%
Lebanon 0.1%
Other Western Asia 1.3%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.1%
Africa 23.8%
Eastern Africa 15.8%
Northern Africa 1.2%
Western Africa 4.8%
Middle and Southern Africa 1.1%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.9%
Oceania 0.4%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.4%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.1%
Americas 28.2%
Latin America 25.8%
Caribbean 1.9%
Cuba 0.3%
Jamaica 0.3%
Other Caribbean 1.3%
Central America 19.2%
Mexico 14.1%
El Salvador 2.0%
Other Central America 3.1%
South America 4.8%
Brazil 0.5%
Colombia 0.8%
Other South America 3.5%
Northern America 2.4%
Canada 2.4%
Other Northern America 0.0%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 20.5%
1980-1989 23.2%
1990-1999 31.6%
Since 2000 24.6%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 260,463
Born in Africa 34,469
Born in Asia 105,153
Born in Europe 43,652
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 62,556
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 13,249
Cat28 1,375
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 Laos
Country #3 Vietnam
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 13.2%
Born in Asia 40.4%
Born in Europe 16.8%
Born in Latin America 24.0%
Born in Northern America 5.1%
Born in Oceania 0.5%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 16.00
Country #2 10.00
Country #3 6.00
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 110,126
Born in Africa 4,783
Born in Asia 50,032
Born in Europe 34,988
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 9,237
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 10,372
Cat21 714
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Laos
Country #2 Canada
Country #3 Germany
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 4.3%
Born in Asia 45.4%
Born in Europe 31.8%
Born in Latin America 8.4%
Born in Northern America 9.4%
Born in Oceania 0.6%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 12.70
Country #2 9.00%
Country #3 7.00%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 452,436
Naturalized citizens 229,473
Noncitizens 222,963
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 229,473
Before 1980 14,575
1980-1989 20,866
1990-1999 37,790
2000-2009 91,230
Since 2010 65,012
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 50.7%
Noncitizens 49.3%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 6.4%
1980-1989 9.1%
1990-1999 16.5%
2000-2009 39.8%
Since 2010 28.3%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 260,463
Naturalized citizens 97,308
Noncitizens 163,155
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 37.4%
Noncitizens 62.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 113,039
Naturalized citizens 50,764
Noncitizens 62,275
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 44.9%
Noncitizens 55.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 150,267
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 12,165
% married among women who gave birth
77.2%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
22.8%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 1,112,158
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 56,991
% married among women who gave birth 71.8%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 28.2%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2012-2016 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2016 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3.36
Average family size 3.92
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.43
Average family size 3.03
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 1,242,027
Only native parent(s)
1,008,642
One or more foreign-born parents
233,385

Child is native

198,949

Child is foreign born

34,436
Children under age 6 with 408,788
Only native parent(s)
330,680
One or more foreign-born parents
78,108

Child is native

71,350

Child is foreign born

6,758
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 833,239
Only native parent(s)
677,962
One or more foreign-born parents
155,277

Child is native

127,599

Child is foreign born

27,678
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

372,537
Only native parents 250,457
One or more foreign-born parents 122,080
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 81.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 18.8%
Child is native 16.0%
Child is foreign born 2.8%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 80.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 19.1%
Child is native 17.5%
Child is foreign born 1.7%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 81.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 18.6%
Child is native 15.3%
Child is foreign born 3.3%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 67.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 32.8%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,249,070
Only native parent(s) 1,138,170
One or more foreign-born parents 110,900
Child is native 77,187
Child is foreign born 33,713
Children under age 6 with 382,860
Only native parent(s) 342,871
One or more foreign-born parents 39,989
Child is native 34,485
Child is foreign born 5,504
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 866,210
Only native parent(s) 795,299
One or more foreign-born parents 70,911
Child is native 42,702
Child is foreign born 28,209
Children in Low-Income Families* 322,828
Only native parents 266,795
One or more foreign-born parents 56,033
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 91.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 8.9%
Child is native 6.2%
Child is foreign born 2.7%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 89.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 10.4%
Child is native 9.0%
Child is foreign born 1.4%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 91.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 8.2%
Child is native 4.9%
Child is foreign born 3.3%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 82.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 17.4%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,142,534
Only native parent(s) 1,090,285
One or more foreign-born parents 52,249
Child is native 38,140
Child is foreign born 14,109
Children under age 6 with 400,934
Only native parent(s) 381,842
One or more foreign-born parents 19,092
Child is native 15,944
Child is foreign born 3,148
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 741,600
Only native parent(s) 708,443
One or more foreign-born parents 33,157
Child is native 22,196
Child is foreign born 10,961
Children in Low-Income Families* 351,017
Only native parents 325,162
One or more foreign-born parents 25,855
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.6%
Child is native 3.3%
Child is foreign born 1.2%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.8%
Child is native 4.0%
Child is foreign born 0.8%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.5%
Child is native 3.0%
Child is foreign born 1.5%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 92.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 7.4%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2016 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2012-2016 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2016 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.