E.g., 06/14/2021
E.g., 06/14/2021
State Demographics Data - MN
 

Minnesota

Demographics & Social
2019
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 472,231
% Foreign Born 8.4%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2019 81.3%
% change: 1990-2000 130.4%
Race (%)  
One race 98.4%
White
26.2%
Black or African American
26.3%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.4%
Asian
35.8%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.1%
Other race
9.7%
Two or more races 1.6%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 99,956
% Latino 21.2%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.6%
5-17 8.6%
18-64 80.9%
65 and older 9.9%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau’s pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

39.7
Gender (% female) 51.4%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 27.5%
Married 57.8%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 14.7%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 5,167,401
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 10.9%
% change: 1990-2000 9.3%
Race (%)  
One race 96.5%
White 87.2%
Black or African American 4.8%
American Indian and Alaska Native 1.1%
Asian 2.3%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.0%
Other race 1.2%
Two or more races 3.5%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 214,261
% Latino 4.1%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 6.7%
5-17 17.7%
18-64 58.7%
65 and older 16.9%
Median Age 38.1
Gender (% female) 50.2%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 33.1%
Married 50.3%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 16.7%
Foreign Born
Number 260,463
% Foreign Born 5.3%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 4,659,016
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 113,039
% Foreign Born 2.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 4,262,060
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

472,231
Born in Africa 125,939
Born in Asia 179,705
Born in Europe 45,188
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 108,355
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 10,806
Born in Oceania 2,238
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

 
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

472,231
Europe 45,188
Northern Europe 8,168
United Kingdom
6,081
Ireland
473
Other Northern Europe
1,614
Western Europe 10,953
France
1,464
Germany
7,111
Other Western Europe
2,378
Southern Europe 3,339
Italy
1,228
Portugal
16
Other Southern Europe
2,095
Eastern Europe 22,641
Poland
1,532
Russia
4,130
Other Eastern Europe
16,979
Other Europe (no country specified) 87
Asia 179,705
Eastern Asia 32,267
China
17,178

China, excluding Taiwan

14,518

Taiwan

2,660
Japan
2,702
Korea
12,325
Other Eastern Asia
62
South Central Asia 48,888
India
36,718
Iran
2,241
Other South Central Asia
9,929
Southeastern Asia 89,210
Philippines
9,828
Vietnam
20,320
Other Southeastern Asia
59,062
Western Asia 9,016
Israel
703
Lebanon
800
Other Western Asia
7,513
Other Asia (no country specified) 324
Africa 125,939
Eastern Africa 83,062
Northern Africa
7,116
Western Africa
28,831
Middle and Southern Africa
4,133
Other Africa (no country specified)
2,797
Oceania 2,238
Australia and New Zealand subregion 1,705
Oceania (no country specified) 533
Americas 119,161
Latin America 108,355
Caribbean
6,195

Cuba

1,567

Jamaica

578

Other Caribbean

4,050
Central America
77,972

Mexico

57,765

El Salvador

5,206

Other Central America

15,001
South America
24,188

Brazil

2,539

Colombia

2,771

Other South America

18,878
Northern America 10,806
Canada
10,806
Other Northern America
N
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 91,483
1990-1999 97,185
2000-2009 137,972
Since 2010 145,591
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 26.7%
Born in Asia 38.1%
Born in Europe 9.6%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 22.9%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 2.3%
Born in Oceania 0.5%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 9.6%
Northern Europe 1.7%
United Kingdom 1.3%
Ireland 0.1%
Other Northern Europe 0.3%
Western Europe 2.3%
France 0.3%
Germany 1.5%
Other Western Europe 0.5%
Southern Europe 0.7%
Italy 0.3%
Portugal N
Other Southern Europe 0.4%
Eastern Europe 4.8%
Poland 0.3%
Russia 0.9%
Other Eastern Europe 3.6%
Other Europe (no country specified) N
Asia 38.1%
Eastern Asia 6.8%
China 3.6%
China, excluding Taiwan 3.1%
Taiwan 0.6%
Japan 0.6%
Korea 2.6%
Other Eastern Asia N
South Central Asia 10.4%
India 7.8%
Iran 0.5%
Other South Central Asia 2.1%
Southeastern Asia 18.9%
Philippines 2.1%
Vietnam 4.3%
Other Southeastern Asia 12.5%
Western Asia 1.9%
Israel 0.1%
Lebanon 0.2%
Other Western Asia 1.6%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.1%
Africa 26.7%
Eastern Africa 17.6%
Northern Africa 1.5%
Western Africa 6.1%
Middle and Southern Africa 0.9%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.6%
Oceania 0.5%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.4%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.1%
Americas 25.2%
Latin America 22.9%
Caribbean 1.3%
Cuba 0.3%
Jamaica 0.1%
Other Caribbean 0.9%
Central America 16.5%
Mexico 12.2%
El Salvador 1.1%
Other Central America 3.2%
South America 5.1%
Brazil 0.5%
Colombia 0.6%
Other South America 4.0%
Northern America 2.3%
Canada 2.3%
Other Northern America N
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 19.4%
1980-1989 20.6%
1990-1999 29.2%
Since 2000 30.8%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 260,463
Born in Africa 34,469
Born in Asia 105,153
Born in Europe 43,652
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 62,556
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 13,249
Cat28 1,375
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 13.2%
Born in Asia 40.4%
Born in Europe 16.8%
Born in Latin America 24.0%
Born in Northern America 5.1%
Born in Oceania 0.5%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 110,126
Born in Africa 4,783
Born in Asia 50,032
Born in Europe 34,988
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 9,237
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 10,372
Cat21 714
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 4.3%
Born in Asia 45.4%
Born in Europe 31.8%
Born in Latin America 8.4%
Born in Northern America 9.4%
Born in Oceania 0.6%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 472,231
Naturalized citizens 264,456
Noncitizens 207,775
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 264,456
Before 1990 34,931
1990-1999 38,128
2000-2009 83,194
2010-2014 55,745
Since 2015 52,458
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 56.0%
Noncitizens 44.0%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 13.2%
1980-1989 14.4%
1990-1999 31.5%
2000-2009 21.1%
Since 2010 19.8%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 260,463
Naturalized citizens 97,308
Noncitizens 163,155
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 37.4%
Noncitizens 62.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 113,039
Naturalized citizens 50,764
Noncitizens 62,275
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 44.9%
Noncitizens 55.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 163,013
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 11,391
% married among women who gave birth
78.5%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
21.5%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 1,121,250
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 59,768
% married among women who gave birth 73.8%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 26.2%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S Census Bureau’s pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3.37
Average family size 3.96
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.39
Average family size 2.99
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau has excluded children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 1,245,448
Only native parent(s)
993,844
One or more foreign-born parents
251,604

Child is native

217,266

Child is foreign born

34,338
Children under age 6 with 407,933
Only native parent(s)
329,646
One or more foreign-born parents
78,287

Child is native

74,455

Child is foreign born

3,832
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 837,515
Only native parent(s)
664,198
One or more foreign-born parents
173,317

Child is native

142,811

Child is foreign born

30,506
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau has excluded children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

333,170
Only native parents 211,046
One or more foreign-born parents 122,124
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 79.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 20.2%
Child is native 17.4%
Child is foreign born 2.8%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 80.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 19.2%
Child is native 18.3%
Child is foreign born 0.9%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 79.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 20.7%
Child is native 17.1%
Child is foreign born 3.6%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 63.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 36.7%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,249,070
Only native parent(s) 1,138,170
One or more foreign-born parents 110,900
Child is native 77,187
Child is foreign born 33,713
Children under age 6 with 382,860
Only native parent(s) 342,871
One or more foreign-born parents 39,989
Child is native 34,485
Child is foreign born 5,504
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 866,210
Only native parent(s) 795,299
One or more foreign-born parents 70,911
Child is native 42,702
Child is foreign born 28,209
Children in Low-Income Families* 322,828
Only native parents 266,795
One or more foreign-born parents 56,033
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 91.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 8.9%
Child is native 6.2%
Child is foreign born 2.7%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 89.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 10.4%
Child is native 9.0%
Child is foreign born 1.4%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 91.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 8.2%
Child is native 4.9%
Child is foreign born 3.3%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 82.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 17.4%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,142,534
Only native parent(s) 1,090,285
One or more foreign-born parents 52,249
Child is native 38,140
Child is foreign born 14,109
Children under age 6 with 400,934
Only native parent(s) 381,842
One or more foreign-born parents 19,092
Child is native 15,944
Child is foreign born 3,148
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 741,600
Only native parent(s) 708,443
One or more foreign-born parents 33,157
Child is native 22,196
Child is foreign born 10,961
Children in Low-Income Families* 351,017
Only native parents 325,162
One or more foreign-born parents 25,855
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.6%
Child is native 3.3%
Child is foreign born 1.2%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.8%
Child is native 4.0%
Child is foreign born 0.8%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.5%
Child is native 3.0%
Child is foreign born 1.5%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 92.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 7.4%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2019 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas and Matthew Sobek. IPUMS USA: Version 10.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2020. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V10.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau has excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.