E.g., 10/24/2020
E.g., 10/24/2020

State Demographics Data - MN

Minnesota

Demographics & Social
2018
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 484,192
% Foreign Born 8.6%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2018 85.9%
% change: 1990-2000 130.4%
Race (%)  
One race 98.2%
White
26.4%
Black or African American
27.4%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.3%
Asian
34.3%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.2%
Other race
9.7%
Two or more races 1.8%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 102,708
% Latino 21.2%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.7%
5-17 9.0%
18-64 80.7%
65 and older 9.6%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

38.2
Gender (% female) 51.7%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 30.6%
Married 54.5%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 14.9%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 5,126,987
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 10.0%
% change: 1990-2000 9.3%
Race (%)  
One race 96.8%
White 87.8%
Black or African American 4.6%
American Indian and Alaska Native 1.2%
Asian 2.1%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.0%
Other race 1.1%
Two or more races 3.2%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 205,305
% Latino 4.0%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 6.9%
5-17 17.6%
18-64 59.1%
65 and older 16.4%
Median Age 38.1
Gender (% female) 50.1%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 32.5%
Married 51.0%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 16.5%
Foreign Born
Number 260,463
% Foreign Born 5.3%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 4,659,016
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 113,039
% Foreign Born 2.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 4,262,060
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

484,192
Born in Africa 131,832
Born in Asia 180,540
Born in Europe 48,533
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 111,395
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 10,165
Born in Oceania 1,727
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

484,192
Europe 48,533
Northern Europe 8,891
United Kingdom
5,826
Ireland
1,351
Other Northern Europe
1,714
Western Europe 11,467
France
1,675
Germany
7,055
Other Western Europe
2,737
Southern Europe 2,274
Italy
881
Portugal
6
Other Southern Europe
1,387
Eastern Europe 25,859
Poland
1,372
Russia
7,540
Other Eastern Europe
16,947
Other Europe (no country specified) 42
Asia 180,540
Eastern Asia 41,053
China
22,973

China, excluding Taiwan

21,076

Taiwan

1,897
Japan
3,641
Korea
14,439
Other Eastern Asia
0
South Central Asia 42,640
India
30,069
Iran
1,603
Other South Central Asia
10,968
Southeastern Asia 84,980
Philippines
10,658
Vietnam
17,740
Other Southeastern Asia
56,582
Western Asia 11,132
Israel
601
Lebanon
706
Other Western Asia
9,825
Other Asia (no country specified) 735
Africa 131,832
Eastern Africa 90,027
Northern Africa
5,652
Western Africa
28,437
Middle and Southern Africa
5,586
Other Africa (no country specified)
2,130
Oceania 1,727
Australia and New Zealand subregion 859
Oceania (no country specified) 868
Americas 121,560
Latin America 111,395
Caribbean
6,421

Cuba

2,350

Jamaica

955

Other Caribbean

3,116
Central America
82,615

Mexico

60,253

El Salvador

7,143

Other Central America

15,219
South America
22,359

Brazil

2,868

Colombia

3,806

Other South America

15,685
Northern America 10,165
Canada
10,073
Other Northern America
92
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 91,102
1990-1999 103,025
2000-2009 144,689
Since 2010 145,376
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 27.2%
Born in Asia 37.3%
Born in Europe 10.0%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 23.0%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 2.1%
Born in Oceania 0.4%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 10.0%
Northern Europe 1.8%
United Kingdom 1.2%
Ireland 0.3%
Other Northern Europe 0.4%
Western Europe 2.4%
France 0.3%
Germany 1.5%
Other Western Europe 0.6%
Southern Europe 0.5%
Italy 0.2%
Portugal 0.0%
Other Southern Europe 0.3%
Eastern Europe 5.3%
Poland 0.3%
Russia 1.6%
Other Eastern Europe 3.5%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.0%
Asia 37.3%
Eastern Asia 8.5%
China 4.7%
China, excluding Taiwan 4.4%
Taiwan 0.4%
Japan 0.8%
Korea 3.0%
Other Eastern Asia 0.0%
South Central Asia 8.8%
India 6.2%
Iran 0.3%
Other South Central Asia 2.3%
Southeastern Asia 17.6%
Philippines 2.2%
Vietnam 3.7%
Other Southeastern Asia 11.7%
Western Asia 2.3%
Israel 0.1%
Lebanon 0.1%
Other Western Asia 2.0%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.2%
Africa 27.2%
Eastern Africa 18.6%
Northern Africa 1.2%
Western Africa 5.9%
Middle and Southern Africa 1.2%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.4%
Oceania 0.4%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.2%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.2%
Americas 25.1%
Latin America 23.0%
Caribbean 1.3%
Cuba 0.5%
Jamaica 0.2%
Other Caribbean 0.6%
Central America 17.1%
Mexico 12.4%
El Salvador 1.5%
Other Central America 3.1%
South America 4.6%
Brazil 0.6%
Colombia 0.8%
Other South America 3.2%
Northern America 2.1%
Canada 2.1%
Other Northern America 0.0%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 18.8%
1980-1989 21.3%
1990-1999 29.9%
Since 2000 30.0%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 260,463
Born in Africa 34,469
Born in Asia 105,153
Born in Europe 43,652
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 62,556
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 13,249
Cat28 1,375
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 13.2%
Born in Asia 40.4%
Born in Europe 16.8%
Born in Latin America 24.0%
Born in Northern America 5.1%
Born in Oceania 0.5%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 110,126
Born in Africa 4,783
Born in Asia 50,032
Born in Europe 34,988
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 9,237
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 10,372
Cat21 714
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 4.3%
Born in Asia 45.4%
Born in Europe 31.8%
Born in Latin America 8.4%
Born in Northern America 9.4%
Born in Oceania 0.6%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 484,192
Naturalized citizens 255,008
Noncitizens 229,184
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 255,008
Before 1990 36,277
1990-1999 36,360
2000-2009 90,885
2010-2014 55,686
Since 2015 35,800
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 52.7%
Noncitizens 47.3%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 14.2%
1980-1989 14.3%
1990-1999 35.6%
2000-2009 21.8%
Since 2010 14.0%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 260,463
Naturalized citizens 97,308
Noncitizens 163,155
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 37.4%
Noncitizens 62.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 113,039
Naturalized citizens 50,764
Noncitizens 62,275
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 44.9%
Noncitizens 55.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 169,940
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 17,319
% married among women who gave birth
75.0%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
25.0%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 1,106,401
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 58,838
% married among women who gave birth 72.8%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 27.2%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3
Average family size 4
U.S. Born
Average household size 2
Average family size 3
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 1,251,901
Only native parent(s)
1,002,636
One or more foreign-born parents
249,265

Child is native

213,116

Child is foreign born

36,149
Children under age 6 with 413,963
Only native parent(s)
330,985
One or more foreign-born parents
82,978

Child is native

78,520

Child is foreign born

4,458
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 837,938
Only native parent(s)
671,651
One or more foreign-born parents
166,287

Child is native

134,596

Child is foreign born

31,691
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

356,156
Only native parents 232,665
One or more foreign-born parents 123,491
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 80.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 19.9%
Child is native 17.0%
Child is foreign born 2.9%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 80.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 20.0%
Child is native 19.0%
Child is foreign born 1.1%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 80.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 19.8%
Child is native 16.1%
Child is foreign born 3.8%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 65.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 34.7%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,249,070
Only native parent(s) 1,138,170
One or more foreign-born parents 110,900
Child is native 77,187
Child is foreign born 33,713
Children under age 6 with 382,860
Only native parent(s) 342,871
One or more foreign-born parents 39,989
Child is native 34,485
Child is foreign born 5,504
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 866,210
Only native parent(s) 795,299
One or more foreign-born parents 70,911
Child is native 42,702
Child is foreign born 28,209
Children in Low-Income Families* 322,828
Only native parents 266,795
One or more foreign-born parents 56,033
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 91.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 8.9%
Child is native 6.2%
Child is foreign born 2.7%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 89.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 10.4%
Child is native 9.0%
Child is foreign born 1.4%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 91.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 8.2%
Child is native 4.9%
Child is foreign born 3.3%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 82.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 17.4%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,142,534
Only native parent(s) 1,090,285
One or more foreign-born parents 52,249
Child is native 38,140
Child is foreign born 14,109
Children under age 6 with 400,934
Only native parent(s) 381,842
One or more foreign-born parents 19,092
Child is native 15,944
Child is foreign born 3,148
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 741,600
Only native parent(s) 708,443
One or more foreign-born parents 33,157
Child is native 22,196
Child is foreign born 10,961
Children in Low-Income Families* 351,017
Only native parents 325,162
One or more foreign-born parents 25,855
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.6%
Child is native 3.3%
Child is foreign born 1.2%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.8%
Child is native 4.0%
Child is foreign born 0.8%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.5%
Child is native 3.0%
Child is foreign born 1.5%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 92.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 7.4%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2018 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas, and Matthew Sobek. Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS) USA: Version 8.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2018. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V8.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.