E.g., 08/23/2019
E.g., 08/23/2019

State Demographics Data - MN

Minnesota

Demographics & Social
2017
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 486,243
% Foreign Born 8.7%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2017 86.7%
% change: 1990-2000 130.4%
Race (%)  
One race 98.4%
White
25.5%
Black or African American
27.6%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.3%
Asian
34.7%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.1%
Other race
10.2%
Two or more races 1.6%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 97,717
% Latino 20.1%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 1.2%
5-17 9.4%
18-64 79.7%
65 and older 9.7%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

38.5
Gender (% female) 50.5%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 28.7%
Married 57.0%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 14.2%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 5,090,363
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 9.3%
% change: 1990-2000 9.3%
Race (%)  
One race 97.0%
White 88.1%
Black or African American 4.5%
American Indian and Alaska Native 1.2%
Asian 2.1%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.0%
Other race 1.2%
Two or more races 3.0%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 198,949
% Latino 3.9%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 6.8%
5-17 17.6%
18-64 59.6%
65 and older 15.9%
Median Age 37.8
Gender (% female) 50.1%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 32.5%
Married 51.3%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 16.2%
Foreign Born
Number 260,463
% Foreign Born 5.3%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 4,659,016
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 113,039
% Foreign Born 2.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 4,262,060
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

486,243
Born in Africa 134,559
Born in Asia 180,956
Born in Europe 47,799
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 108,476
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 12,171
Born in Oceania 2,282
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 India
Country #3 Vietnam
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

486,243
Europe 47,799
Northern Europe 10,039
United Kingdom
6,683
Ireland
792
Other Northern Europe
2,564
Western Europe 11,061
France
1,251
Germany
7,807
Other Western Europe
2,003
Southern Europe 2,347
Italy
928
Portugal
11
Other Southern Europe
1,408
Eastern Europe 24,192
Poland
1,946
Russia
6,915
Other Eastern Europe
15,331
Other Europe (no country specified) 160
Asia 180,956
Eastern Asia 39,187
China
20,734

China, excluding Taiwan

18,872

Taiwan

1,862
Japan
3,428
Korea
15,008
Other Eastern Asia
17
South Central Asia 40,884
India
29,256
Iran
1,270
Other South Central Asia
10,358
Southeastern Asia 91,377
Philippines
10,542
Vietnam
18,125
Other Southeastern Asia
62,710
Western Asia 9,401
Israel
559
Lebanon
1,387
Other Western Asia
7,455
Other Asia (no country specified) 107
Africa 134,559
Eastern Africa 89,169
Northern Africa
6,662
Western Africa
31,597
Middle and Southern Africa
5,448
Other Africa (no country specified)
1,683
Oceania 2,282
Australia and New Zealand subregion 1,674
Oceania (no country specified) 608
Americas 120,647
Latin America 108,476
Caribbean
6,431

Cuba

1,545

Jamaica

1,040

Other Caribbean

3,846
Central America
80,212

Mexico

59,584

El Salvador

7,130

Other Central America

13,498
South America
21,833

Brazil

2,953

Colombia

3,483

Other South America

15,397
Northern America 12,171
Canada
12,104
Other Northern America
67
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 98,189
1990-1999 109,307
2000-2009 145,076
Since 2010 133,671
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 27.7%
Born in Asia 37.2%
Born in Europe 9.8%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 22.3%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 2.5%
Born in Oceania 0.5%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 16.6
Country #2 7.60%
Country #3 4.4
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 9.8%
Northern Europe 2.1%
United Kingdom 1.4%
Ireland 0.2%
Other Northern Europe 0.5%
Western Europe 2.3%
France 0.3%
Germany 1.6%
Other Western Europe 0.4%
Southern Europe 0.5%
Italy 0.2%
Portugal 0.0%
Other Southern Europe 0.3%
Eastern Europe 5.0%
Poland 0.4%
Russia 1.4%
Other Eastern Europe 3.2%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.0%
Asia 37.2%
Eastern Asia 8.1%
China 4.3%
China, excluding Taiwan 3.9%
Taiwan 0.4%
Japan 0.7%
Korea 3.1%
Other Eastern Asia 0.0%
South Central Asia 8.4%
India 6.0%
Iran 0.3%
Other South Central Asia 2.1%
Southeastern Asia 18.8%
Philippines 2.2%
Vietnam 3.7%
Other Southeastern Asia 12.9%
Western Asia 1.9%
Israel 0.1%
Lebanon 0.3%
Other Western Asia 1.5%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.0%
Africa 27.7%
Eastern Africa 18.3%
Northern Africa 1.4%
Western Africa 6.5%
Middle and Southern Africa 1.1%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.3%
Oceania 0.5%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.3%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.1%
Americas 24.8%
Latin America 22.3%
Caribbean 1.3%
Cuba 0.3%
Jamaica 0.2%
Other Caribbean 0.8%
Central America 16.5%
Mexico 12.3%
El Salvador 1.5%
Other Central America 2.8%
South America 4.5%
Brazil 0.6%
Colombia 0.7%
Other South America 3.2%
Northern America 2.5%
Canada 2.5%
Other Northern America 0.0%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 20.2%
1980-1989 22.5%
1990-1999 29.8%
Since 2000 27.5%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 260,463
Born in Africa 34,469
Born in Asia 105,153
Born in Europe 43,652
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 62,556
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 13,249
Cat28 1,375
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 Laos
Country #3 Vietnam
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 13.2%
Born in Asia 40.4%
Born in Europe 16.8%
Born in Latin America 24.0%
Born in Northern America 5.1%
Born in Oceania 0.5%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 16
Country #2 10
Country #3 6
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 110,126
Born in Africa 4,783
Born in Asia 50,032
Born in Europe 34,988
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 9,237
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 10,372
Cat21 714
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 67
Country #2 Canada
Country #3 Germany
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 4.3%
Born in Asia 45.4%
Born in Europe 31.8%
Born in Latin America 8.4%
Born in Northern America 9.4%
Born in Oceania 0.6%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 12.7
Country #2 9.00%
Country #3 7.00%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 486,243
Naturalized citizens 254,798
Noncitizens 231,445
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 254,798
Before 1980 19,008
1980-1989 19,691
1990-1999 40,623
2000-2009 93,087
Since 2010 82,389
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 52.4%
Noncitizens 47.6%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 7.5%
1980-1989 7.7%
1990-1999 15.9%
2000-2009 36.5%
Since 2010 32.3%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 260,463
Naturalized citizens 97,308
Noncitizens 163,155
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 37.4%
Noncitizens 62.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 113,039
Naturalized citizens 50,764
Noncitizens 62,275
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 44.9%
Noncitizens 55.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 163,972
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 13,082
% married among women who gave birth
77.3%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
22.7%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 1,108,564
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 57,875
% married among women who gave birth 76.0%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 24.0%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2012-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3.33
Average family size 3.93
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.44
Average family size 3.01
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 1,242,714
Only native parent(s)
994,484
One or more foreign-born parents
248,230

Child is native

211,177

Child is foreign born

37,053
Children under age 6 with 413,673
Only native parent(s)
327,208
One or more foreign-born parents
86,465

Child is native

79,293

Child is foreign born

7,172
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 829,041
Only native parent(s)
667,276
One or more foreign-born parents
161,765

Child is native

131,884

Child is foreign born

29,881
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

351,329
Only native parents 228,982
One or more foreign-born parents 122,347
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 80.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 20.0%
Child is native 17.0%
Child is foreign born 3.0%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 79.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 20.9%
Child is native 19.2%
Child is foreign born 1.7%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 80.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 19.5%
Child is native 15.9%
Child is foreign born 3.6%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 65.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 34.8%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,249,070
Only native parent(s) 1,138,170
One or more foreign-born parents 110,900
Child is native 77,187
Child is foreign born 33,713
Children under age 6 with 382,860
Only native parent(s) 342,871
One or more foreign-born parents 39,989
Child is native 34,485
Child is foreign born 5,504
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 866,210
Only native parent(s) 795,299
One or more foreign-born parents 70,911
Child is native 42,702
Child is foreign born 28,209
Children in Low-Income Families* 322,828
Only native parents 266,795
One or more foreign-born parents 56,033
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 91.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 8.9%
Child is native 6.2%
Child is foreign born 2.7%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 89.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 10.4%
Child is native 9.0%
Child is foreign born 1.4%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 91.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 8.2%
Child is native 4.9%
Child is foreign born 3.3%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 82.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 17.4%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,142,534
Only native parent(s) 1,090,285
One or more foreign-born parents 52,249
Child is native 38,140
Child is foreign born 14,109
Children under age 6 with 400,934
Only native parent(s) 381,842
One or more foreign-born parents 19,092
Child is native 15,944
Child is foreign born 3,148
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 741,600
Only native parent(s) 708,443
One or more foreign-born parents 33,157
Child is native 22,196
Child is foreign born 10,961
Children in Low-Income Families* 351,017
Only native parents 325,162
One or more foreign-born parents 25,855
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.6%
Child is native 3.3%
Child is foreign born 1.2%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.8%
Child is native 4.0%
Child is foreign born 0.8%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.5%
Child is native 3.0%
Child is foreign born 1.5%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 92.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 7.4%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2017 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas, and Matthew Sobek. Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS) USA: Version 8.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2018. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V8.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.