E.g., 01/22/2020
E.g., 01/22/2020

State Income Data - MI

Michigan

Income & Poverty
2017
2000
1990
Poverty

Note: Poverty status is not determined for unrelated individuals under the age of 15 (such as foster children) or for persons lacking conventional housing.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%)

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS.

692,246
Below 100% of the poverty level 16.5%
100-199% of the poverty level 19.3%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 64.2%
People in Poverty: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2017 61.1%
% change: 1990-2000 56.2%
% Families in Poverty by Family Type

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS.

 
All families (among those for whom poverty status is determined) 14.5%
With related children under age 18
19.5%
With related children under age 5
12.1%
Married-couple families 11.7%
With related children under age 18
15.3%
With related children under age 5
8.8%
Families with female householder, no husband present 32.6%
With related children under age 18
45.5%
With related children under age 5
42.1%
Poverty by U.S. Citizenship Status (among the foreign born)  
Naturalized citizens 354,609
Below 100% of the poverty level
13.1%
100-199% of the poverty level
16.3%
At or above 200% of the poverty level
70.6%
Noncitizens 337,637
Below 100% of the poverty level
20.1%
100-199% of the poverty level
22.6%
At or above 200% of the poverty level
57.3%
Foreign Born Living in Poverty by Region of Birth

Note: The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Born in Africa N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N
Born in Asia 356,996
Below 100% of the poverty level
18.9%
Born in Europe 132,490
Below 100% of the poverty level
10.7%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 127,954
Below 100% of the poverty level
16.3%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N
Born in Oceania N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 9,037,959
Below 100% of the poverty level 14.0%
100-199% of the poverty level 17.4%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 68.6%
People in Poverty: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 34.7%
% change: 1990-2000 -16.5%
% Families in Poverty by Family Type  
All families (among those for whom poverty status is determined) 9.3%
With related children under age 18
15.8%
With related children under age 5
17.6%
Married-couple families 3.7%
With related children under age 18
5.0%
With related children under age 5
4.4%
Families with female householder, no husband present 27.0%
With related children under age 18
37.3%
With related children under age 5
44.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 513,833
Below 100% of the poverty level 13.8%
100-199% of the poverty level 16.3%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 70.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 9,207,859
Below 100% of the poverty level 10.2%
100-199% of the poverty level 14.9%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 74.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 341,389
Below 100% of the poverty level 13.3%
100-199% of the poverty level 16.9%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 69.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 8,721,379
Below 100% of the poverty level 12.9%
100-199% of the poverty level 15.6%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 71.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Poverty by Language Spoken at Home Number
Household population (among those for whom poverty status is determined, age 5 and older) 9,169,607
Below 100% of the poverty level 1,244,274
Speaks only English
8,260,227
Below 100% of the poverty level 1,068,974
Speaks Spanish
270,047
Below 100% of the poverty level 50,203
Speaks other Indo-European languages
274,345
Below 100% of the poverty level 35,283
Speaks Asian or Pacific Island languages
155,077
Below 100% of the poverty level 16,798
Speaks other languages
209,911
Below 100% of the poverty level 73,016
%
Household population (among those for whom poverty status is determined, age 5 and older) 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 13.6%
Speaks only English 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 12.9%
Speaks only Spanish 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 18.6%
Speaks other Indo-European languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 12.9%
Speaks Asian or Pacific Island languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 10.8%
Speaks other languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 34.8%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Earnings

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS.

Foreign Born
Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older). Earnings in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) 266,102
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss 1.6%
Earned $10,000-$14,999 3.4%
Earned $15,000-$24,999 14.1%
Earned $25,000-$34,999 14.2%
Earned $35,000-$49,999 16.1%
Earned $50,000-$74,999 18.0%
Earned $75,000 or more 32.7%
Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) Earnings in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) by U.S. Citizenship  
Naturalized citizens (%) 139,269
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss
1.0%
Earned $10,000-$14,999
2.7%
Earned $15,000-$24,999
10.5%
Earned $25,000-$34,999
14.6%
Earned $35,000-$49,999
17.5%
Earned $50,000-$74,999
18.0%
Earned $75,000 or more
35.6%
Noncitizens (%) 126,833
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss
2.3%
Earned $10,000-$14,999
4.1%
Earned $15,000-$24,999
18.0%
Earned $25,000-$34,999
13.7%
Earned $35,000-$49,999
14.5%
Earned $50,000-$74,999
18.0%
Earned $75,000 or more
29.4%
Median Earnings of Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars by Gender Foreign Born
Male $54,090
Female $41,142
Median Earnings of Foreign-Born Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars by U.S. Citizenship Status and Gender  
Naturalized citizens  
Male
$60,790
Female
$45,500
Noncitizens  
Male
$51,068
Female
$33,277
U.S. Born
Earnings of Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) 2,932,448
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss 1.7%
Earned $10,000-$14,999 3.0%
Earned $15,000-$24,999 11.5%
Earned $25,000-$34,999 16.6%
Earned $35,000-$49,999 20.7%
Earned $50,000-$74,999 23.7%
Earned $75,000 or more 22.8%
Nothing 1  
Nothing 2  
Nothing 3  
Nothing 4  
Nothing 5  
Nothing 6  
Nothing 7  
Nothing 8  
Nothing 9  
Nothing 10  
Nothing 11  
Nothing 12  
Nothing 13  
Nothing 14  
Nothing 15  
Nothing 16  
Nothing 17  
Native Born Native Born
Male $51,650
Female $40,409
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Median Household Income

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS.

Foreign Born
Median Household Income $57,771
Median Household Income by U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized citizens $61,582
Noncitizens $53,577
U.S. Born
Median Household Income $54,656
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
Home Ownership Rate

Note: 1) Refers to the percentage owner households represent among all occupied households. 2) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS. 3) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Home Ownership Rate 62.5%
Home Ownership Rate by Householder's U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized citizens 75.9%
Noncitizens 43.7%
U.S. Born
Home Ownership Rate 72.0%
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
Health Insurance Coverage

Note: Since some people may hold both private and public health insurance coverage at the same time, estimates of those with public health insurance and those with public coverage may overlap. Their sum therefore may be greater than the total number of people with health insurance.

Foreign Born
Civilian noninstitutionalized population (%) 700,817
With health insurance 89.2%
With private health insurance
64.7%
With public coverage
34.3%
No health insurance coverage 10.8%
Health Insurance Coverage by U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized Citizens (%) 356,457
With health insurance 94.9%
With private health insurance
68.0%
With public coverage
42.5%
No health insurance coverage 5.1%
Noncitizens (%) 344,360
With health insurance 83.2%
With private health insurance
61.3%
With public coverage
25.8%
No health insurance coverage 16.8%
U.S. Born
Civilian noninstitutionalized population (%) 9,152,339
With health insurance 95.3%
With private health insurance
71.9%
With public coverage
38.9%
No health insurance coverage 4.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2017 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas, and Matthew Sobek. Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS) USA: Version 8.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2018. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V8.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • Poverty status is not determined for unrelated individuals under the age of 15 (such as foster children) or for persons lacking conventional housing. 
  • The term “home ownership rate” refers to the percentage owner households represent among all occupied households.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Poverty,” “Earnings,” “Median Household Income,” and “Home Ownership Rate”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS.
  • In the “% Families in Poverty by Family Type” section, “related children” refer to “related children of the householder.”
  • “Health Insurance Coverage”: Since some people may hold both private and public health insurance coverage at the same time, estimates of those with public health insurance and those with public coverage may overlap. Their sum therefore may be greater than the total number of people with health insurance.