E.g., 06/26/2020
E.g., 06/26/2020

State Income Data - MI

Michigan

Income & Poverty
2018
2000
1990
Poverty

Note: Poverty status is not determined for unrelated individuals under the age of 15 (such as foster children) or for persons lacking conventional housing.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%)

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.

685,403
Below 100% of the poverty level 16.3%
100-199% of the poverty level 19.9%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 63.8%
People in Poverty: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2018 57.6%
% change: 1990-2000 56.2%
% Families in Poverty by Family Type

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.

 
All families (among those for whom poverty status is determined) 14.0%
With related children under age 18
18.6%
With related children under age 5
12.3%
Married-couple families 11.6%
With related children under age 18
14.7%
With related children under age 5
9.7%
Families with female householder, no husband present 32.6%
With related children under age 18
47.8%
With related children under age 5
60.9%
Poverty by U.S. Citizenship Status (among the foreign born)  
Naturalized citizens 369,842
Below 100% of the poverty level
12.8%
100-199% of the poverty level
18.7%
At or above 200% of the poverty level
68.5%
Noncitizens 315,561
Below 100% of the poverty level
20.3%
100-199% of the poverty level
21.2%
At or above 200% of the poverty level
58.5%
Foreign Born Living in Poverty by Region of Birth

Note: The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Born in Africa N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N
Born in Asia 358,738
Below 100% of the poverty level
18.1%
Born in Europe 122,231
Below 100% of the poverty level
10.6%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 129,326
Below 100% of the poverty level
17.8%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N
Born in Oceania N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 9,088,721
Below 100% of the poverty level 13.9%
100-199% of the poverty level 17.0%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 69.1%
People in Poverty: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 34.5%
% change: 1990-2000 -16.5%
% Families in Poverty by Family Type  
All families (among those for whom poverty status is determined) 9.0%
With related children under age 18
15.7%
With related children under age 5
17.0%
Married-couple families 3.7%
With related children under age 18
5.1%
With related children under age 5
4.3%
Families with female householder, no husband present 26.7%
With related children under age 18
36.6%
With related children under age 5
45.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 513,833
Below 100% of the poverty level 13.8%
100-199% of the poverty level 16.3%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 70.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 9,207,859
Below 100% of the poverty level 10.2%
100-199% of the poverty level 14.9%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 74.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 341,389
Below 100% of the poverty level 13.3%
100-199% of the poverty level 16.9%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 69.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 8,721,379
Below 100% of the poverty level 12.9%
100-199% of the poverty level 15.6%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 71.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Poverty by Language Spoken at Home Number
Household population (among those for whom poverty status is determined, age 5 and older) 9,215,619
Below 100% of the poverty level 1,249,834
Speaks only English
8,307,047
Below 100% of the poverty level 1,080,755
Speaks Spanish
275,505
Below 100% of the poverty level 51,635
Speaks other Indo-European languages
261,593
Below 100% of the poverty level 36,953
Speaks Asian or Pacific Island languages
163,299
Below 100% of the poverty level 19,115
Speaks other languages
208,175
Below 100% of the poverty level 61,376
%
Household population (among those for whom poverty status is determined, age 5 and older) 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 13.6%
Speaks only English 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 13.0%
Speaks only Spanish 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 18.7%
Speaks other Indo-European languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 14.1%
Speaks Asian or Pacific Island languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 11.7%
Speaks other languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 29.5%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Earnings

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.

Foreign Born
Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older). Earnings in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) 277,044
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss 1.3%
Earned $10,000-$14,999 3.4%
Earned $15,000-$24,999 13.0%
Earned $25,000-$34,999 15.6%
Earned $35,000-$49,999 15.0%
Earned $50,000-$74,999 18.5%
Earned $75,000 or more 33.2%
Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) Earnings in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) by U.S. Citizenship  
Naturalized citizens (%) 152,100
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss
0.9%
Earned $10,000-$14,999
3.1%
Earned $15,000-$24,999
11.7%
Earned $25,000-$34,999
14.2%
Earned $35,000-$49,999
15.3%
Earned $50,000-$74,999
19.1%
Earned $75,000 or more
35.6%
Noncitizens (%) 124,944
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss
1.7%
Earned $10,000-$14,999
3.6%
Earned $15,000-$24,999
14.6%
Earned $25,000-$34,999
17.4%
Earned $35,000-$49,999
14.6%
Earned $50,000-$74,999
17.7%
Earned $75,000 or more
30.4%
Median Earnings of Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars by Gender Foreign Born
Male $56,927
Female $42,792
Median Earnings of Foreign-Born Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars by U.S. Citizenship Status and Gender  
Naturalized citizens  
Male
$61,122
Female
$46,979
Noncitizens  
Male
$51,741
Female
$36,630
U.S. Born
Earnings of Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) 2,961,856
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss 1.6%
Earned $10,000-$14,999 2.7%
Earned $15,000-$24,999 11.3%
Earned $25,000-$34,999 15.9%
Earned $35,000-$49,999 20.5%
Earned $50,000-$74,999 23.7%
Earned $75,000 or more 24.3%
Nothing 1  
Nothing 2  
Nothing 3  
Nothing 4  
Nothing 5  
Nothing 6  
Nothing 7  
Nothing 8  
Nothing 9  
Nothing 10  
Nothing 11  
Nothing 12  
Nothing 13  
Nothing 14  
Nothing 15  
Nothing 16  
Nothing 17  
Native Born Native Born
Male $52,204
Female $41,141
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Median Household Income

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.

Foreign Born
Median Household Income $61,962
Median Household Income by U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized citizens $65,222
Noncitizens $57,898
U.S. Born
Median Household Income $56,394
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
Home Ownership Rate

Note: 1) Refers to the percentage owner households represent among all occupied households. 2) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS. 3) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Home Ownership Rate 64.8%
Home Ownership Rate by Householder's U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized citizens 78.7%
Noncitizens 44.3%
U.S. Born
Home Ownership Rate 71.7%
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
Health Insurance Coverage

Note: Since some people may hold both private and public health insurance coverage at the same time, estimates of those with private health insurance and those with public coverage may overlap. Their sum therefore may be greater than the total number of people with health insurance.

Foreign Born
Civilian noninstitutionalized population (%) 692,240
With health insurance 88.7%
With private health insurance
65.7%
With public coverage
33.3%
No health insurance coverage 11.3%
Health Insurance Coverage by U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized Citizens (%) 370,872
With health insurance 93.8%
With private health insurance
67.6%
With public coverage
41.3%
No health insurance coverage 6.2%
Noncitizens (%) 321,368
With health insurance 82.7%
With private health insurance
63.5%
With public coverage
24.1%
No health insurance coverage 17.3%
U.S. Born
Civilian noninstitutionalized population (%) 9,196,289
With health insurance 95.0%
With private health insurance
71.5%
With public coverage
39.5%
No health insurance coverage 5.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2018 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas, and Matthew Sobek. Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS) USA: Version 8.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2018. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V8.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • Poverty status is not determined for unrelated individuals under the age of 15 (such as foster children) or for persons lacking conventional housing. 
  • The term “home ownership rate” refers to the percentage owner households represent among all occupied households.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Poverty,” “Earnings,” “Median Household Income,” and “Home Ownership Rate”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.
  • In the “% Families in Poverty by Family Type” section, “related children” refer to “related children of the householder.”
  • “Health Insurance Coverage”: Private coverage includes employer- or union-provided insurance, insurance purchased directly, and TRICARE (the health program of the U.S. military) or other military health care. Public coverage includes Medicare, Medicaid, or another governmental medical assistance program, and Veterans Administration health care. Individuals can be covered by more than one type of insurance, and they can be covered by both private and public insurers. Since some people may hold both private and public health insurance coverage at the same time, estimates of those with private health insurance and those with public coverage may overlap. Their sum therefore may be greater than the total number of people with health insurance.