E.g., 01/25/2020
E.g., 01/25/2020

State Language Data - MI

Michigan

Language & Education
2017
2000
1990
English Proficiency

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 695,840
Speak only English 20.0%
Speak English "very well" 41.8%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 38.2%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2017 33.6%
% change: 1990-2000 97.9%
English Proficiency of the Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status (age 5 and older)*

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English. Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS.

 
Naturalized citizens 357,281
Speak only English 24.9%
Speak English "very well" 45%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 30.1%
Noncitizens 338,559
Speak only English 14.8%
Speak English "very well" 38.5%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 46.7%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 8,694,101
Speak only English 95.7%
Speak English ""very well"" 3.7%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.6%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 -42.6%
% change: 1990-2000 16.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 514,695
Speak only English 24.9%
"Speak English ""very well"" 36.5%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 38.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 8,754,087
Speak only English 95.5%
"Speak English ""very well"" 3.4%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 350,452
Speak only English 36.3%
"Speak English ""very well"" 35.0%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 28.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 8,235,567
Speak only English 95.8%
"Speak English ""very well"" 3.2%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (by age and English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Ages 5-17 1,603,491
Speak only English 1,421,831
Speak language other than English 181,660
Speak English "very well"
146,058
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
35,602
Speak Spanish 69,058
Speak English "very well"
57,492
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
11,566
Ages 18-64 6,121,337
Speak only English 5,482,723
Speak language other than English 638,614
Speak English "very well"
407,235
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
231,379
Speak Spanish 187,085
Speak English "very well"
115,670
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
71,415
65 and Older 1,665,113
Speak only English 1,555,508
Speak language other than English 109,605
Speak English "very well"
55,954
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
53,651
Speak Spanish 21,364
Speak English "very well"
12,013
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
9,351
%
65 and Older 100%
Speak only English 88.7%
Speak language other than English 11.3%
Speak English "very well" 9.1%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 2.2%
Speak Spanish 4.3%
Speak English "very well" 3.6%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.7%
Ages 18-64 100%
Speak only English 89.6%
Speak language other than English 10.4%
Speak English "very well" 6.7%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 3.8%
Speak Spanish 3.1%
Speak English "very well" 1.9%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.2%
Ages 5-17 100%
Speak only English 93.4%
Speak language other than English 6.6%
Speak English "very well" 3.4%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 3.2%
Speak Spanish 1.3%
Speak English "very well" 0.7%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.6%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)

Note: 1) The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English. 2) Data for Alaska, Hawaii, Idaho, Maine, Montana, New Mexico, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS.

Number
Total Household Population, Age 5 and Older 9,389,941
Speak only English 8,460,062
Speak language other than English 929,879
Spanish 277,507
Speak English "very well" 185,175
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 92,332
French (Including Cajun) 22,397
Speak English "very well" 16,800
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 5,597
Haitian 1,664
Speak English "very well" 1,549
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 115
Italian 15,483
Speak English "very well" 11,446
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,037
Portuguese 5,851
Speak English "very well" 4,717
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,134
German 34,290
Speak English "very well" 29,276
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 5,014
Yiddish, Pennsylvania Dutch or Other West Germanic Languages 12,222
Speak English "very well" 8,623
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,599
Russian 10,660
Speak English "very well" 7,251
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,409
Polish 20,518
Speak English "very well" 14,317
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 6,201
Other Slavic Languages 25,805
Speak English "very well" 15,062
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 10,743
Armenian 2,678
Speak English "very well" 1,995
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 683
Persian (including Farsi, Dari) 4,168
Speak English "very well" 2,485
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,683
Gujarati 7,739
Speak English "very well" 5,361
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,378
Hindi 20,166
Speak English "very well" 17,701
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,465
Urdu 10,654
Speak English "very well" 8,079
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,575
Punjabi 9,569
Speak English "very well" 5,127
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,442
Bengali 24,028
Speak English "very well" 11,996
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 12,032
Nepali, Marathi, or Other Indic Languages 10,485
Speak English "very well" 8,213
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,272
Other Indo-European Languages 41,605
Speak English "very well" 29,688
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 11,917
Telugu 19,777
Speak English "very well" 16,572
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,205
Tamil 9,555
Speak English "very well" 8,148
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,407
Malayalam, Kannada, or Other Dravidian Languages 8,935
Speak English "very well" 7,377
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,558
Chinese (including Mandarin, Cantonese) 45,819
Speak English "very well" 24,710
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 21,109
Japanese 12,650
Speak English "very well" 6,718
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 5,932
Korean 14,964
Speak English "very well" 7,056
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 7,908
Hmong 7,169
Speak English "very well" 4,896
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,273
Vietnamese 10,165
Speak English "very well" 5,179
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,986
Khmer 1,129
Speak English "very well" 493
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 636
Thai, Lao, or Other Tai-Kadai Languages 4,768
Speak English "very well" 2,324
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,444
Other Languages of Asia 4,734
Speak English "very well" 1,723
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,011
Tagalog (including Filipino) 17,133
Speak English "very well" 12,010
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 5,123
Ilocano, Samoan, Hawaiian, or Other Austronesian Languages 3,558
Speak English "very well" 2,048
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,510
Arabic 157,010
Speak English "very well" 91,035
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 65,975
Hebrew 1,486
Speak English "very well" 1,301
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 185
Amharic, Somali, or Other Afro-Asiatic Languages 30,229
Speak English "very well" 16,233
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 13,996
Yoruba, Twi, Igbo, or Other Languages of Western Africa 7,306
Speak English "very well" 5,954
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,352
Swahili or Other Languages of Central, Eastern, and Southern Africa 7,688
Speak English "very well" 3,747
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,941
Native Languages of North America 2,717
Speak English "very well" 2,389
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 328
Other and Unspecified Languages 5,598
Speak English "very well" 4,473
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,125
%
Field 306 100%
Field 307 90.1%
Field 308 9.9%
Field 310 100%
Field 310 66.7%
Field 310 33.3%
Field 313 100%
Field 314 75.0%
Field 315 25.0%
Field 316 100%
Field 316 93.1%
Field 316 6.9%
Field 319 100%
Field 319 73.9%
Field 319 26.1%
Field 322 100%
Field 322 80.6%
Field 322 19.4%
Field 325 100%
Field 325 85.4%
Field 325 14.6%
Field 328 100%
Field 328 70.6%
Field 328 29.4%
Field 331 100%
Field 331 68.0%
Field 331 32.0%
Field 334 100%
Field 334 69.8%
Field 334 30.2%
Field 337 100%
Field 337 58.4%
Field 337 41.6%
Field 340 100%
Field 340 74.5%
Field 340 25.5%
Field 343 100%
Field 343 59.6%
Field 343 40.4%
Field 346 100%
Field 346 69.3%
Field 346 30.7%
Field 349 100%
Field 349 87.8%
Field 349 12.2%
Field 352 100%
Field 352 75.8%
Field 352 24.2%
Field 355 100%
Field 355 53.6%
Field 355 46.4%
Field 358 100%
Field 358 49.9%
Field 358 50.1%
Field 361 100%
Field 361 78.3%
Field 361 21.7%
Field 364 100%
Field 364 71.4%
Field 364 28.6%
Field 367 100%
Field 367 83.8%
Field 367 16.2%
Field 370 100%
Field 370 85.3%
Field 370 14.7%
Field 373 100%
Field 373 82.6%
Field 373 17.4%
Field 376 100%
Field 376 53.9%
Field 376 46.1%
Field 379 100%
Field 379 53.1%
Field 379 46.9%
Field 382 100%
Field 382 47.2%
Field 382 52.8%
Field 385 100%
Field 385 68.3%
Field 385 31.7%
Field 388 100%
Field 388 50.9%
Field 388 49.1%
Field 391 100%
Field 391 43.7%
Field 391 56.3%
Field 394 100%
Field 394 48.7%
Field 394 51.3%
Field 397 100%
Field 397 36.4%
Field 397 63.6%
Field 400 100%
Field 400 70.1%
Field 400 29.9%
Field 403 100%
Field 403 57.6%
Field 403 42.4%
Field 406 100%
Field 406 58.0%
Field 406 42.0%
Field 409 100%
Field 409 87.6%
Field 409 12.4%
Field 412 100%
Field 412 53.7%
Field 412 46.3%
Field 415 100%
Field 415 81.5%
Field 415 18.5%
Field 418 100%
Field 418 48.7%
Field 418 51.3%
Field 421 100%
Field 421 87.9%
Field 421 12.1%
Field 424 100%
Field 424 79.9%
Field 424 20.1%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Educational Attainment Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 575,246
Less than high school diploma 21.1%
High school diploma or GED 19.9%
Some college or associate's degree 18.2%
Bachelor's degree 19.4%
Graduate or professional degree 21.4%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 19.5%
Bachelor's degree or higher 11.8%
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2017 1.5%
% change: 1990-2000 9.6%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2017 72.0%
% change: 1990-2000 85.2%
Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status (foreign-born adults, age 25 and older)

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Naturalized citizens (%) 316,311
Less than high school diploma 17.6%
High school diploma or GED 21.2%
Some college or associate's degree 21.5%
Bachelor's degree 19.3%
Graduate or professional degree 20.5%
Noncitizens (%) 258,935
Less than high school diploma 25.3%
High school diploma or GED 18.3%
Some college or associate's degree 14.2%
Bachelor's degree 19.6%
Graduate or professional degree 22.6%
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 6,244,064
Less than high school diploma 8.0%
High school diploma or GED 29.7%
Some college or associate's degree 34.3%
Bachelor's degree 17.5%
Graduate or professional degree 10.6%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Nothing  
Nothing  
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2011 -47.1%
% change: 1990-2000 -23.8%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2011 38.8%
% change: 1990-2000 34.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 412,309
Less than high school diploma 29.0%
High school diploma or GED 19.4%
Some college or associate's degree 18.5%
Bachelor's degree 16.5%
Graduate or professional degree 16.6%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 11.2%
Bachelor's degree or higher 9.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 6,000,104
Less than high school diploma 15.7%
High school diploma or GED 32.1%
Some college or associate's degree 31.2%
Bachelor's degree 13.6%
Graduate or professional degree 7.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 306,901
Less than high school diploma 35.5%
High school diploma or GED 21.7%
Some college or associate's degree 18.8%
Bachelor's degree 12.1%
Graduate or professional degree 12.0%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 8.1%
Bachelor's degree or higher 7.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 5,525,012
Less than high school diploma 22.4%
High school diploma or GED 33.1%
Some college or associate's degree 27.6%
Bachelor's degree 10.9%
Graduate or professional degree 6.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2017 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas, and Matthew Sobek. Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS) USA: Version 8.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2018. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V8.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English “not at all,” “not well,” or “well” on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English “very well” are considered proficient in English.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “English proficiency of the foreign born by U.S. citizenship status” and “Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS. 
  • For “Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)”: Data for Alaska, Arkansas, Hawaii, Idaho, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, New Mexico, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS.