E.g., 06/26/2020
E.g., 06/26/2020

State Language Data - MI

Michigan

Language & Education
2018
2000
1990
English Proficiency

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 689,474
Speak only English 21.6%
Speak English "very well" 41.4%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 37.0%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2018 28.3%
% change: 1990-2000 97.9%
English Proficiency of the Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status (age 5 and older)*

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English. Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.

 
Naturalized citizens 372,010
Speak only English 25.4%
Speak English "very well" 45.2%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 29.4%
Noncitizens 317,464
Speak only English 17.1%
Speak English "very well" 37%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 45.9%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 8,737,258
Speak only English 95.6%
Speak English ""very well"" 3.8%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.7%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 -39.6%
% change: 1990-2000 16.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 514,695
Speak only English 24.9%
"Speak English ""very well"" 36.5%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 38.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 8,754,087
Speak only English 95.5%
"Speak English ""very well"" 3.4%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 350,452
Speak only English 36.3%
"Speak English ""very well"" 35.0%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 28.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 8,235,567
Speak only English 95.8%
"Speak English ""very well"" 3.2%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (by age and English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Ages 5-17 1,595,082
Speak only English 1,425,010
Speak language other than English 170,072
Speak English "very well"
139,045
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
31,027
Speak Spanish 62,972
Speak English "very well"
53,680
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
9,292
Ages 18-64 6,111,197
Speak only English 5,467,383
Speak language other than English 643,814
Speak English "very well"
416,018
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
227,796
Speak Spanish 195,202
Speak English "very well"
124,643
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
70,559
65 and Older 1,720,453
Speak only English 1,607,347
Speak language other than English 113,106
Speak English "very well"
58,968
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
54,138
Speak Spanish 24,687
Speak English "very well"
14,432
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
10,255
%
65 and Older 100%
Speak only English 89.3%
Speak language other than English 10.7%
Speak English "very well" 8.7%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.9%
Speak Spanish 3.9%
Speak English "very well" 3.4%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.6%
Ages 18-64 100%
Speak only English 89.5%
Speak language other than English 10.5%
Speak English "very well" 6.8%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 3.7%
Speak Spanish 3.2%
Speak English "very well" 2.0%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.2%
Ages 5-17 100%
Speak only English 93.4%
Speak language other than English 6.6%
Speak English "very well" 3.4%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 3.1%
Speak Spanish 1.4%
Speak English "very well" 0.8%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.6%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)

Note: 1) The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English. 2) Data for Alaska, Delaware, Hawaii, Idaho, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.

Number
Total Household Population, Age 5 and Older 9,426,732
Speak only English 8,499,740
Speak language other than English 926,992
Spanish 282,861
Speak English "very well" 192,755
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 90,106
French (Including Cajun) 21,009
Speak English "very well" 17,396
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,613
Haitian 1,512
Speak English "very well" 1,072
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 440
Italian 14,446
Speak English "very well" 10,458
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,988
Portuguese 7,446
Speak English "very well" 5,526
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,920
German 32,484
Speak English "very well" 27,273
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 5,211
Yiddish, Pennsylvania Dutch or Other West Germanic Languages 11,286
Speak English "very well" 8,535
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,751
Russian 11,001
Speak English "very well" 6,614
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,387
Polish 17,013
Speak English "very well" 12,302
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,711
Other Slavic Languages 27,512
Speak English "very well" 18,095
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 9,417
Armenian 932
Speak English "very well" 701
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 231
Persian (including Farsi, Dari) 3,667
Speak English "very well" 2,715
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 952
Gujarati 10,006
Speak English "very well" 7,122
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,884
Hindi 19,882
Speak English "very well" 16,911
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,971
Urdu 17,681
Speak English "very well" 13,179
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,502
Punjabi 8,404
Speak English "very well" 6,347
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,057
Bengali 21,114
Speak English "very well" 10,311
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 10,803
Nepali, Marathi, or Other Indic Languages 8,482
Speak English "very well" 6,253
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,229
Other Indo-European Languages 32,191
Speak English "very well" 22,085
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 10,106
Telugu 15,002
Speak English "very well" 13,094
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,908
Tamil 8,873
Speak English "very well" 7,321
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,552
Malayalam, Kannada, or Other Dravidian Languages 9,991
Speak English "very well" 7,671
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,320
Chinese (including Mandarin, Cantonese) 48,443
Speak English "very well" 25,218
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 23,225
Japanese 13,210
Speak English "very well" 6,387
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 6,823
Korean 15,957
Speak English "very well" 8,325
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 7,632
Hmong 4,529
Speak English "very well" 2,843
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,686
Vietnamese 17,339
Speak English "very well" 7,341
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 9,998
Khmer 777
Speak English "very well" 512
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 265
Thai, Lao, or Other Tai-Kadai Languages 6,440
Speak English "very well" 4,022
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,418
Other Languages of Asia 7,782
Speak English "very well" 3,658
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,124
Tagalog (including Filipino) 17,477
Speak English "very well" 13,120
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,357
Ilocano, Samoan, Hawaiian, or Other Austronesian Languages 2,866
Speak English "very well" 1,959
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 907
Arabic 142,990
Speak English "very well" 84,720
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 58,270
Hebrew 3,776
Speak English "very well" 2,785
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 991
Amharic, Somali, or Other Afro-Asiatic Languages 38,675
Speak English "very well" 22,996
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 15,679
Yoruba, Twi, Igbo, or Other Languages of Western Africa 5,729
Speak English "very well" 4,562
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,167
Swahili or Other Languages of Central, Eastern, and Southern Africa 9,840
Speak English "very well" 5,840
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,000
Native Languages of North America 2,914
Speak English "very well" 2,416
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 498
Other and Unspecified Languages 5,453
Speak English "very well" 3,591
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,862
%
Field 306 100%
Field 307 90.2%
Field 308 9.8%
Field 310 100%
Field 310 68.1%
Field 310 31.9%
Field 313 100%
Field 314 82.8%
Field 315 17.2%
Field 316 100%
Field 316 70.9%
Field 316 29.1%
Field 319 100%
Field 319 72.4%
Field 319 27.6%
Field 322 100%
Field 322 74.2%
Field 322 25.8%
Field 325 100%
Field 325 84.0%
Field 325 16.0%
Field 328 100%
Field 328 75.6%
Field 328 24.4%
Field 331 100%
Field 331 60.1%
Field 331 39.9%
Field 334 100%
Field 334 72.3%
Field 334 27.7%
Field 337 100%
Field 337 65.8%
Field 337 34.2%
Field 340 100%
Field 340 75.2%
Field 340 24.8%
Field 343 100%
Field 343 74.0%
Field 343 26.0%
Field 346 100%
Field 346 71.2%
Field 346 28.8%
Field 349 100%
Field 349 85.1%
Field 349 14.9%
Field 352 100%
Field 352 74.5%
Field 352 25.5%
Field 355 100%
Field 355 75.5%
Field 355 24.5%
Field 358 100%
Field 358 48.8%
Field 358 51.2%
Field 361 100%
Field 361 73.7%
Field 361 26.3%
Field 364 100%
Field 364 68.6%
Field 364 31.4%
Field 367 100%
Field 367 87.3%
Field 367 12.7%
Field 370 100%
Field 370 82.5%
Field 370 17.5%
Field 373 100%
Field 373 76.8%
Field 373 23.2%
Field 376 100%
Field 376 52.1%
Field 376 47.9%
Field 379 100%
Field 379 48.3%
Field 379 51.7%
Field 382 100%
Field 382 52.2%
Field 382 47.8%
Field 385 100%
Field 385 62.8%
Field 385 37.2%
Field 388 100%
Field 388 42.3%
Field 388 57.7%
Field 391 100%
Field 391 65.9%
Field 391 34.1%
Field 394 100%
Field 394 62.5%
Field 394 37.5%
Field 397 100%
Field 397 47.0%
Field 397 53.0%
Field 400 100%
Field 400 75.1%
Field 400 24.9%
Field 403 100%
Field 403 68.4%
Field 403 31.6%
Field 406 100%
Field 406 59.2%
Field 406 40.8%
Field 409 100%
Field 409 73.8%
Field 409 26.2%
Field 412 100%
Field 412 59.5%
Field 412 40.5%
Field 415 100%
Field 415 79.6%
Field 415 20.4%
Field 418 100%
Field 418 59.3%
Field 418 40.7%
Field 421 100%
Field 421 82.9%
Field 421 17.1%
Field 424 100%
Field 424 65.9%
Field 424 34.1%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Educational Attainment Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 584,260
Less than high school diploma 20.5%
High school diploma or GED 19.1%
Some college or associate's degree 17.9%
Bachelor's degree 21.1%
Graduate or professional degree 21.4%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 19.5%
Bachelor's degree or higher 12.2%
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2018 0.2%
% change: 1990-2000 9.6%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2018 81.8%
% change: 1990-2000 85.2%
Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status (foreign-born adults, age 25 and older)

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Naturalized citizens (%) 334,587
Less than high school diploma 16.2%
High school diploma or GED 20.1%
Some college or associate's degree 21.7%
Bachelor's degree 21.2%
Graduate or professional degree 20.8%
Noncitizens (%) 249,673
Less than high school diploma 26.1%
High school diploma or GED 17.7%
Some college or associate's degree 12.8%
Bachelor's degree 21%
Graduate or professional degree 22.3%
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 6,285,586
Less than high school diploma 7.8%
High school diploma or GED 29.6%
Some college or associate's degree 34.2%
Bachelor's degree 17.8%
Graduate or professional degree 10.6%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Nothing  
Nothing  
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2011 -47.7%
% change: 1990-2000 -23.8%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2011 41.4%
% change: 1990-2000 34.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 412,309
Less than high school diploma 29.0%
High school diploma or GED 19.4%
Some college or associate's degree 18.5%
Bachelor's degree 16.5%
Graduate or professional degree 16.6%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 11.2%
Bachelor's degree or higher 9.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 6,000,104
Less than high school diploma 15.7%
High school diploma or GED 32.1%
Some college or associate's degree 31.2%
Bachelor's degree 13.6%
Graduate or professional degree 7.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 306,901
Less than high school diploma 35.5%
High school diploma or GED 21.7%
Some college or associate's degree 18.8%
Bachelor's degree 12.1%
Graduate or professional degree 12.0%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 8.1%
Bachelor's degree or higher 7.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 5,525,012
Less than high school diploma 22.4%
High school diploma or GED 33.1%
Some college or associate's degree 27.6%
Bachelor's degree 10.9%
Graduate or professional degree 6.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2018 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas, and Matthew Sobek. Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS) USA: Version 8.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2018. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V8.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English “not at all,” “not well,” or “well” on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English “very well” are considered proficient in English.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “English proficiency of the foreign born by U.S. citizenship status” and “Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS. 
  • For “Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)”: Data for Alaska, Delaware, Hawaii, Idaho, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.