E.g., 07/26/2021
E.g., 07/26/2021
State Demographics Data - MI
 

Michigan

Demographics & Social
2019
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 700,925
% Foreign Born 7.0%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2019 33.9%
% change: 1990-2000 47.3%
Race (%)  
One race 97.5%
White
53.3%
Black or African American
5.5%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.2%
Asian
33.1%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.1%
Other race
5.3%
Two or more races 2.5%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 120,312
% Latino 17.2%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.8%
5-17 6.5%
18-64 76.0%
65 and older 16.6%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau’s pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

44
Gender (% female) 50.8%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 21.9%
Married 64.5%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 13.6%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 9,285,932
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 -1.4%
% change: 1990-2000 5.3%
Race (%)  
One race 96.9%
White 80.1%
Black or African American 14.3%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.6%
Asian 1.0%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.0%
Other race 0.8%
Two or more races 3.1%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 405,661
% Latino 4.4%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 6.1%
5-17 16.5%
18-64 59.7%
65 and older 17.8%
Median Age 39.3
Gender (% female) 50.8%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 34.8%
Married 45.6%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 19.5%
Foreign Born
Number 523,589
% Foreign Born 5.3%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 9,414,855
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 355,393
% Foreign Born 3.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 8,939,904
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

700,925
Born in Africa 36,640
Born in Asia 364,271
Born in Europe 126,714
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 134,931
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 35,666
Born in Oceania 2,703
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

 
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

700,925
Europe 126,714
Northern Europe 17,361
United Kingdom
15,084
Ireland
821
Other Northern Europe
1,456
Western Europe 25,533
France
3,937
Germany
15,087
Other Western Europe
6,509
Southern Europe 11,858
Italy
7,137
Portugal
359
Other Southern Europe
4,362
Eastern Europe 71,562
Poland
9,737
Russia
6,000
Other Eastern Europe
55,825
Other Europe (no country specified) 400
Asia 364,271
Eastern Asia 70,563
China
40,658

China, excluding Taiwan

35,938

Taiwan

4,720
Japan
8,716
Korea
21,125
Other Eastern Asia
64
South Central Asia 123,597
India
77,092
Iran
4,033
Other South Central Asia
42,472
Southeastern Asia 44,858
Philippines
17,205
Vietnam
11,032
Other Southeastern Asia
16,621
Western Asia 122,880
Israel
1,792
Lebanon
23,065
Other Western Asia
98,023
Other Asia (no country specified) 2,373
Africa 36,640
Eastern Africa 7,996
Northern Africa
9,544
Western Africa
12,971
Middle and Southern Africa
4,138
Other Africa (no country specified)
1,991
Oceania 2,703
Australia and New Zealand subregion 1,934
Oceania (no country specified) 769
Americas 170,597
Latin America 134,931
Caribbean
16,907

Cuba

5,638

Jamaica

3,607

Other Caribbean

7,662
Central America
100,558

Mexico

82,227

El Salvador

4,104

Other Central America

14,227
South America
17,466

Brazil

6,773

Colombia

1,794

Other South America

8,899
Northern America 35,666
Canada
35,666
Other Northern America
N
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 172,086
1990-1999 144,888
2000-2009 151,156
Since 2010 232,795
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 5.2%
Born in Asia 52.0%
Born in Europe 18.1%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 19.3%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 5.1%
Born in Oceania 0.4%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 18.1%
Northern Europe 2.5%
United Kingdom 2.2%
Ireland 0.1%
Other Northern Europe 0.2%
Western Europe 3.6%
France 0.6%
Germany 2.2%
Other Western Europe 0.9%
Southern Europe 1.7%
Italy 1.0%
Portugal 0.1%
Other Southern Europe 0.6%
Eastern Europe 10.2%
Poland 1.4%
Russia 0.9%
Other Eastern Europe 8.0%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.1%
Asia 52.0%
Eastern Asia 10.1%
China 5.8%
China, excluding Taiwan 5.1%
Taiwan 0.7%
Japan 1.2%
Korea 3.0%
Other Eastern Asia N
South Central Asia 17.6%
India 11.0%
Iran 0.6%
Other South Central Asia 6.1%
Southeastern Asia 6.4%
Philippines 2.5%
Vietnam 1.6%
Other Southeastern Asia 2.4%
Western Asia 17.5%
Israel 0.3%
Lebanon 3.3%
Other Western Asia 14.0%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.3%
Africa 5.2%
Eastern Africa 1.1%
Northern Africa 1.4%
Western Africa 1.9%
Middle and Southern Africa 0.6%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.3%
Oceania 0.4%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.3%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.1%
Americas 24.3%
Latin America 19.3%
Caribbean 2.4%
Cuba 0.8%
Jamaica 0.5%
Other Caribbean 1.1%
Central America 14.3%
Mexico 11.7%
El Salvador 0.6%
Other Central America 2.0%
South America 2.5%
Brazil 1.0%
Colombia 0.3%
Other South America 1.3%
Northern America 5.1%
Canada 5.1%
Other Northern America N
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 24.6%
1980-1989 20.7%
1990-1999 21.6%
Since 2000 33.2%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 523,589
Born in Africa 16,735
Born in Asia 209,416
Born in Europe 156,988
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 88,704
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 49,659
Cat28 2,083
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 3.2%
Born in Asia 40.0%
Born in Europe 30.0%
Born in Latin America 16.9%
Born in Northern America 9.5%
Born in Oceania 0.4%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 345,500
Born in Africa 6,280
Born in Asia 102,732
Born in Europe 152,642
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 27,848
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 54,787
Cat21 1,211
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 1.8%
Born in Asia 29.7%
Born in Europe 44.2%
Born in Latin America 8.1%
Born in Northern America 15.9%
Born in Oceania 0.4%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 700,925
Naturalized citizens 383,083
Noncitizens 317,842
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 383,083
Before 1990 80,126
1990-1999 64,886
2000-2009 109,479
2010-2014 53,118
Since 2015 75,474
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 54.7%
Noncitizens 45.3%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 20.9%
1980-1989 16.9%
1990-1999 28.6%
2000-2009 13.9%
Since 2010 19.7%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 523,589
Naturalized citizens 239,955
Noncitizens 283,634
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 45.8%
Noncitizens 54.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 355,393
Naturalized citizens 198,087
Noncitizens 157,306
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 55.7%
Noncitizens 44.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 203,637
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 12,129
% married among women who gave birth
87.7%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
12.3%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 2,048,724
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 103,330
% married among women who gave birth 58.6%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 41.4%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S Census Bureau’s pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3.04
Average family size 3.58
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.41
Average family size 3.04
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau has excluded children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 2,047,111
Only native parent(s)
1,756,844
One or more foreign-born parents
290,267

Child is native

244,914

Child is foreign born

45,353
Children under age 6 with 659,175
Only native parent(s)
570,094
One or more foreign-born parents
89,081

Child is native

81,844

Child is foreign born

7,237
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 1,387,936
Only native parent(s)
1,186,750
One or more foreign-born parents
201,186

Child is native

163,070

Child is foreign born

38,116
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau has excluded children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

783,350
Only native parents 664,227
One or more foreign-born parents 119,123
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 85.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 14.2%
Child is native 12.0%
Child is foreign born 2.2%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 86.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 13.5%
Child is native 12.4%
Child is foreign born 1.1%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 85.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 14.5%
Child is native 11.7%
Child is foreign born 2.7%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 84.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 15.2%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 2,480,989
Only native parent(s) 2,280,730
One or more foreign-born parents 200,259
Child is native 155,058
Child is foreign born 45,201
Children under age 6 with 783,858
Only native parent(s) 712,642
One or more foreign-born parents 71,216
Child is native 62,489
Child is foreign born 8,727
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 1,697,131
Only native parent(s) 1,568,088
One or more foreign-born parents 129,043
Child is native 92,569
Child is foreign born 36,474
Children in Low-Income Families* 781,889
Only native parents 709,613
One or more foreign-born parents 72,276
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 91.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 8.1%
Child is native 6.2%
Child is foreign born 1.8%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 90.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 9.1%
Child is native 8.0%
Child is foreign born 1.1%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 92.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 7.6%
Child is native 5.5%
Child is foreign born 2.1%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 90.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 9.2%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 2,379,291
Only native parent(s) 2,241,371
One or more foreign-born parents 137,920
Child is native 118,008
Child is foreign born 19,912
Children under age 6 with 816,445
Only native parent(s) 773,278
One or more foreign-born parents 43,167
Child is native 39,380
Child is foreign born 3,787
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 1,562,846
Only native parent(s) 1,468,093
One or more foreign-born parents 94,753
Child is native 78,628
Child is foreign born 16,125
Children in Low-Income Families* 854,272
Only native parents 812,487
One or more foreign-born parents 41,785
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 94.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 5.8%
Child is native 5.0%
Child is foreign born 0.8%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 94.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 5.3%
Child is native 4.8%
Child is foreign born 0.5%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 93.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 6.1%
Child is native 5.0%
Child is foreign born 1.0%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 95.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.9%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2019 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas and Matthew Sobek. IPUMS USA: Version 10.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2020. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V10.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau has excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.