E.g., 04/26/2019
E.g., 04/26/2019

State Demographics Data - MI

Michigan

Demographics & Social
2017
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 703,806
% Foreign Born 7.1%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2017 34.4%
% change: 1990-2000 47.3%
Race (%)  
One race 97.3%
White
53.2%
Black or African American
6.3%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.3%
Asian
31.7%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.1%
Other race
5.8%
Two or more races 2.7%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 114,525
% Latino 16.3%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 1.1%
5-17 7.4%
18-64 75.8%
65 and older 15.7%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

42.6
Gender (% female) 50.6%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 23.7%
Married 63.9%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 12.4%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 9,258,505
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 -1.7%
% change: 1990-2000 5.3%
Race (%)  
One race 97.0%
White 80.4%
Black or African American 14.4%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.6%
Asian 0.9%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.0%
Other race 0.8%
Two or more races 3.0%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 389,873
% Latino 4.2%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 6.1%
5-17 16.8%
18-64 60.4%
65 and older 16.8%
Median Age 39.5
Gender (% female) 50.8%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 34.3%
Married 46.6%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 19.2%
Foreign Born
Number 523,589
% Foreign Born 5.3%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 9,414,855
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 355,393
% Foreign Born 3.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 8,939,904
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

703,806
Born in Africa 37,501
Born in Asia 362,927
Born in Europe 134,610
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 130,051
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 36,269
Born in Oceania 2,448
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 India
Country #3 Canada
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

703,806
Europe 134,610
Northern Europe 17,867
United Kingdom
14,793
Ireland
1,245
Other Northern Europe
1,829
Western Europe 28,616
France
3,323
Germany
18,870
Other Western Europe
6,423
Southern Europe 13,130
Italy
6,996
Portugal
100
Other Southern Europe
6,034
Eastern Europe 74,633
Poland
13,696
Russia
7,539
Other Eastern Europe
53,398
Other Europe (no country specified) 364
Asia 362,927
Eastern Asia 71,346
China
41,425

China, excluding Taiwan

35,955

Taiwan

5,470
Japan
10,030
Korea
19,760
Other Eastern Asia
131
South Central Asia 116,806
India
81,276
Iran
3,608
Other South Central Asia
31,922
Southeastern Asia 45,584
Philippines
21,242
Vietnam
8,789
Other Southeastern Asia
15,553
Western Asia 127,260
Israel
1,730
Lebanon
21,066
Other Western Asia
104,464
Other Asia (no country specified) 1,931
Africa 37,501
Eastern Africa 13,334
Northern Africa
4,875
Western Africa
10,398
Middle and Southern Africa
6,294
Other Africa (no country specified)
2,600
Oceania 2,448
Australia and New Zealand subregion 2,027
Oceania (no country specified) 421
Americas 166,320
Latin America 130,051
Caribbean
16,422

Cuba

4,379

Jamaica

4,969

Other Caribbean

7,074
Central America
97,028

Mexico

80,067

El Salvador

2,832

Other Central America

14,129
South America
16,601

Brazil

5,336

Colombia

2,982

Other South America

8,283
Northern America 36,269
Canada
36,186
Other Northern America
83
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 175,029
1990-1999 144,701
2000-2009 172,254
Since 2010 211,822
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 5.3%
Born in Asia 51.6%
Born in Europe 19.1%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 18.5%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 5.2%
Born in Oceania 0.3%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 13
Country #2 9.70%
Country #3 6.7
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 19.1%
Northern Europe 2.5%
United Kingdom 2.1%
Ireland 0.2%
Other Northern Europe 0.3%
Western Europe 4.1%
France 0.5%
Germany 2.7%
Other Western Europe 0.9%
Southern Europe 1.9%
Italy 1.0%
Portugal 0.0%
Other Southern Europe 0.9%
Eastern Europe 10.6%
Poland 1.9%
Russia 1.1%
Other Eastern Europe 7.6%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.1%
Asia 51.6%
Eastern Asia 10.1%
China 5.9%
China, excluding Taiwan 5.1%
Taiwan 0.8%
Japan 1.4%
Korea 2.8%
Other Eastern Asia 0.0%
South Central Asia 16.6%
India 11.5%
Iran 0.5%
Other South Central Asia 4.5%
Southeastern Asia 6.5%
Philippines 3.0%
Vietnam 1.2%
Other Southeastern Asia 2.2%
Western Asia 18.1%
Israel 0.2%
Lebanon 3.0%
Other Western Asia 14.8%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.3%
Africa 5.3%
Eastern Africa 1.9%
Northern Africa 0.7%
Western Africa 1.5%
Middle and Southern Africa 0.9%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.4%
Oceania 0.3%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.3%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.1%
Americas 23.6%
Latin America 18.5%
Caribbean 2.3%
Cuba 0.6%
Jamaica 0.7%
Other Caribbean 1.0%
Central America 13.8%
Mexico 11.4%
El Salvador 0.4%
Other Central America 2.0%
South America 2.4%
Brazil 0.8%
Colombia 0.4%
Other South America 1.2%
Northern America 5.2%
Canada 5.1%
Other Northern America 0.0%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 24.9%
1980-1989 20.6%
1990-1999 24.5%
Since 2000 30.1%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 523,589
Born in Africa 16,735
Born in Asia 209,416
Born in Europe 156,988
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 88,704
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 49,659
Cat28 2,083
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 Canada
Country #3 India
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 3.2%
Born in Asia 40.0%
Born in Europe 30.0%
Born in Latin America 16.9%
Born in Northern America 9.5%
Born in Oceania 0.4%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 11.2
Country #2 9.50%
Country #3 6.9
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 345,500
Born in Africa 6,280
Born in Asia 102,732
Born in Europe 152,642
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 27,848
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 54,787
Cat21 1,211
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 83
Country #2 United Kingdom
Country #3 Germany
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 1.8%
Born in Asia 29.7%
Born in Europe 44.2%
Born in Latin America 8.1%
Born in Northern America 15.9%
Born in Oceania 0.4%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 15.1
Country #2 6.80%
Country #3 6.70%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 703,806
Naturalized citizens 357,978
Noncitizens 345,828
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 357,978
Before 1980 51,266
1980-1989 32,466
1990-1999 59,674
2000-2009 110,041
Since 2010 104,531
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 50.9%
Noncitizens 49.1%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 14.3%
1980-1989 9.1%
1990-1999 16.7%
2000-2009 30.7%
Since 2010 29.2%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 523,589
Naturalized citizens 239,955
Noncitizens 283,634
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 45.8%
Noncitizens 54.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 355,393
Naturalized citizens 198,087
Noncitizens 157,306
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 55.7%
Noncitizens 44.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 207,794
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 15,419
% married among women who gave birth
89.8%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
10.2%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 2,058,063
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 102,109
% married among women who gave birth 60.6%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 39.4%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2012-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3.04
Average family size 3.58
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.43
Average family size 3.02
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 2,064,224
Only native parent(s)
1,776,763
One or more foreign-born parents
287,461

Child is native

239,420

Child is foreign born

48,041
Children under age 6 with 656,743
Only native parent(s)
562,164
One or more foreign-born parents
94,579

Child is native

85,154

Child is foreign born

9,425
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 1,407,481
Only native parent(s)
1,214,599
One or more foreign-born parents
192,882

Child is native

154,266

Child is foreign born

38,616
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

835,936
Only native parents 697,911
One or more foreign-born parents 138,025
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 86.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 13.9%
Child is native 11.6%
Child is foreign born 2.3%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 85.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 14.4%
Child is native 13.0%
Child is foreign born 1.4%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 86.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 13.7%
Child is native 11.0%
Child is foreign born 2.7%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 83.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 16.5%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 2,480,989
Only native parent(s) 2,280,730
One or more foreign-born parents 200,259
Child is native 155,058
Child is foreign born 45,201
Children under age 6 with 783,858
Only native parent(s) 712,642
One or more foreign-born parents 71,216
Child is native 62,489
Child is foreign born 8,727
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 1,697,131
Only native parent(s) 1,568,088
One or more foreign-born parents 129,043
Child is native 92,569
Child is foreign born 36,474
Children in Low-Income Families* 781,889
Only native parents 709,613
One or more foreign-born parents 72,276
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 91.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 8.1%
Child is native 6.2%
Child is foreign born 1.8%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 90.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 9.1%
Child is native 8.0%
Child is foreign born 1.1%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 92.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 7.6%
Child is native 5.5%
Child is foreign born 2.1%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 90.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 9.2%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 2,379,291
Only native parent(s) 2,241,371
One or more foreign-born parents 137,920
Child is native 118,008
Child is foreign born 19,912
Children under age 6 with 816,445
Only native parent(s) 773,278
One or more foreign-born parents 43,167
Child is native 39,380
Child is foreign born 3,787
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 1,562,846
Only native parent(s) 1,468,093
One or more foreign-born parents 94,753
Child is native 78,628
Child is foreign born 16,125
Children in Low-Income Families* 854,272
Only native parents 812,487
One or more foreign-born parents 41,785
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 94.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 5.8%
Child is native 5.0%
Child is foreign born 0.8%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 94.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 5.3%
Child is native 4.8%
Child is foreign born 0.5%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 93.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 6.1%
Child is native 5.0%
Child is foreign born 1.0%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 95.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.9%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2017 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas, and Matthew Sobek. Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS) USA: Version 8.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2018. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V8.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.