E.g., 06/24/2018
E.g., 06/24/2018

State Demographics Data - MI

Michigan

Demographics & Social
2016
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 662,279
% Foreign Born 6.7%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2016 26.5%
% change: 1990-2000 47.3%
Race (%)  
One race 97.4%
White
54.7%
Black or African American
4.2%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.3%
Asian
31.9%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.1%
Other race
6.2%
Two or more races 2.6%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 113,943
% Latino 17.2%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.9%
5-17 7.0%
18-64 75.8%
65 and older 16.3%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2012-2016 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2016 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

43
Gender (% female) 49.9%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 22.4%
Married 63.2%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 14.4%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 9,266,021
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 -1.6%
% change: 1990-2000 5.3%
Race (%)  
One race 96.9%
White 80.2%
Black or African American 14.4%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.5%
Asian 0.9%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.0%
Other race 0.8%
Two or more races 3.1%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 377,487
% Latino 4.1%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 6.1%
5-17 17.0%
18-64 60.7%
65 and older 16.2%
Median Age 39.2
Gender (% female) 50.9%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 34.3%
Married 46.2%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 19.5%
Foreign Born
Number 523,589
% Foreign Born 5.3%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 9,414,855
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 355,393
% Foreign Born 3.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 8,939,904
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

662,202
Born in Africa 27,269
Born in Asia 337,622
Born in Europe 133,613
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 126,582
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 34,824
Born in Oceania 2,292
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 India
Country #3 Canada
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

662,202
Europe 133,613
Northern Europe 18,799
United Kingdom
15,044
Ireland
1,201
Other Northern Europe
2,554
Western Europe 27,101
France
2,995
Germany
18,480
Other Western Europe
5,626
Southern Europe 15,088
Italy
9,080
Portugal
334
Other Southern Europe
5,674
Eastern Europe 72,333
Poland
11,735
Russia
7,459
Other Eastern Europe
53,139
Other Europe (no country specified) 292
Asia 337,622
Eastern Asia 73,875
China
44,695

China, excluding Taiwan

40,591

Taiwan

4,104
Japan
10,933
Korea
18,247
Other Eastern Asia
0
South Central Asia 101,160
India
65,173
Iran
4,012
Other South Central Asia
31,975
Southeastern Asia 45,066
Philippines
18,073
Vietnam
13,071
Other Southeastern Asia
13,922
Western Asia 115,821
Israel
2,703
Lebanon
23,190
Other Western Asia
89,928
Other Asia (no country specified) 1,700
Africa 27,269
Eastern Africa 6,316
Northern Africa
6,403
Western Africa
8,909
Middle and Southern Africa
3,924
Other Africa (no country specified)
1,717
Oceania 2,292
Australia and New Zealand subregion 1,588
Oceania (no country specified) 704
Americas 161,406
Latin America 126,582
Caribbean
15,686

Cuba

6,692

Jamaica

2,841

Other Caribbean

6,153
Central America
96,873

Mexico

82,994

El Salvador

2,687

Other Central America

11,192
South America
14,023

Brazil

4,406

Colombia

2,376

Other South America

7,241
Northern America 34,824
Canada
34,714
Other Northern America
110
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 186,206
1990-1999 138,445
2000-2009 165,621
Since 2010 172,007
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 4.1%
Born in Asia 51.0%
Born in Europe 20.2%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 19.1%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 5.3%
Born in Oceania 0.3%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 13.00
Country #2 9.70%
Country #3 6.70
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 20.2%
Northern Europe 2.8%
United Kingdom 2.3%
Ireland 0.2%
Other Northern Europe 0.4%
Western Europe 4.1%
France 0.5%
Germany 2.8%
Other Western Europe 0.8%
Southern Europe 2.3%
Italy 1.4%
Portugal 0.1%
Other Southern Europe 0.9%
Eastern Europe 10.9%
Poland 1.8%
Russia 1.1%
Other Eastern Europe 8.0%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.0%
Asia 51.0%
Eastern Asia 11.2%
China 6.7%
China, excluding Taiwan 6.1%
Taiwan 0.6%
Japan 1.7%
Korea 2.8%
Other Eastern Asia 0.0%
South Central Asia 15.3%
India 9.8%
Iran 0.6%
Other South Central Asia 4.8%
Southeastern Asia 6.8%
Philippines 2.7%
Vietnam 2.0%
Other Southeastern Asia 2.1%
Western Asia 17.5%
Israel 0.4%
Lebanon 3.5%
Other Western Asia 13.6%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.3%
Africa 4.1%
Eastern Africa 1.0%
Northern Africa 1.0%
Western Africa 1.3%
Middle and Southern Africa 0.6%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.3%
Oceania 0.3%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.2%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.1%
Americas 24.4%
Latin America 19.1%
Caribbean 2.4%
Cuba 1.0%
Jamaica 0.4%
Other Caribbean 0.9%
Central America 14.6%
Mexico 12.5%
El Salvador 0.4%
Other Central America 1.7%
South America 2.1%
Brazil 0.7%
Colombia 0.4%
Other South America 1.1%
Northern America 5.3%
Canada 5.2%
Other Northern America 0.0%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 28.1%
1980-1989 20.9%
1990-1999 25.0%
Since 2000 26.0%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 523,589
Born in Africa 16,735
Born in Asia 209,416
Born in Europe 156,988
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 88,704
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 49,659
Cat28 2,083
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 Canada
Country #3 India
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 3.2%
Born in Asia 40.0%
Born in Europe 30.0%
Born in Latin America 16.9%
Born in Northern America 9.5%
Born in Oceania 0.4%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 11.20
Country #2 9.50%
Country #3 6.90
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 345,500
Born in Africa 6,280
Born in Asia 102,732
Born in Europe 152,642
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 27,848
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 54,787
Cat21 1,211
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Canada
Country #2 United Kingdom
Country #3 Germany
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 1.8%
Born in Asia 29.7%
Born in Europe 44.2%
Born in Latin America 8.1%
Born in Northern America 15.9%
Born in Oceania 0.4%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 15.10
Country #2 6.80%
Country #3 6.70%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 662,279
Naturalized citizens 342,999
Noncitizens 319,280
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 342,999
Before 1980 54,236
1980-1989 34,519
1990-1999 61,434
2000-2009 112,766
Since 2010 80,044
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 51.8%
Noncitizens 48.2%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 15.8%
1980-1989 10.1%
1990-1999 17.9%
2000-2009 32.9%
Since 2010 23.3%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 523,589
Naturalized citizens 239,955
Noncitizens 283,634
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 45.8%
Noncitizens 54.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 355,393
Naturalized citizens 198,087
Noncitizens 157,306
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 55.7%
Noncitizens 44.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 187,264
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 11,436
% married among women who gave birth
87.2%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
12.8%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 2,086,800
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 108,727
% married among women who gave birth 59.1%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 40.9%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2012-2016 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2016 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3.05
Average family size 3.65
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.45
Average family size 3.06
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 2,083,970
Only native parent(s)
1,808,798
One or more foreign-born parents
275,172

Child is native

234,083

Child is foreign born

41,089
Children under age 6 with 662,468
Only native parent(s)
574,715
One or more foreign-born parents
87,753

Child is native

80,789

Child is foreign born

6,964
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 1,421,502
Only native parent(s)
1,234,083
One or more foreign-born parents
187,419

Child is native

153,294

Child is foreign born

34,125
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

858,605
Only native parents 727,639
One or more foreign-born parents 130,966
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 86.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 13.2%
Child is native 11.2%
Child is foreign born 2.0%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 86.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 13.2%
Child is native 12.2%
Child is foreign born 1.1%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 86.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 13.2%
Child is native 10.8%
Child is foreign born 2.4%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 84.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 15.3%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 2,480,989
Only native parent(s) 2,280,730
One or more foreign-born parents 200,259
Child is native 155,058
Child is foreign born 45,201
Children under age 6 with 783,858
Only native parent(s) 712,642
One or more foreign-born parents 71,216
Child is native 62,489
Child is foreign born 8,727
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 1,697,131
Only native parent(s) 1,568,088
One or more foreign-born parents 129,043
Child is native 92,569
Child is foreign born 36,474
Children in Low-Income Families* 781,889
Only native parents 709,613
One or more foreign-born parents 72,276
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 91.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 8.1%
Child is native 6.2%
Child is foreign born 1.8%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 90.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 9.1%
Child is native 8.0%
Child is foreign born 1.1%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 92.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 7.6%
Child is native 5.5%
Child is foreign born 2.1%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 90.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 9.2%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 2,379,291
Only native parent(s) 2,241,371
One or more foreign-born parents 137,920
Child is native 118,008
Child is foreign born 19,912
Children under age 6 with 816,445
Only native parent(s) 773,278
One or more foreign-born parents 43,167
Child is native 39,380
Child is foreign born 3,787
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 1,562,846
Only native parent(s) 1,468,093
One or more foreign-born parents 94,753
Child is native 78,628
Child is foreign born 16,125
Children in Low-Income Families* 854,272
Only native parents 812,487
One or more foreign-born parents 41,785
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 94.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 5.8%
Child is native 5.0%
Child is foreign born 0.8%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 94.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 5.3%
Child is native 4.8%
Child is foreign born 0.5%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 93.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 6.1%
Child is native 5.0%
Child is foreign born 1.0%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 95.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.9%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2016 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2012-2016 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2016 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.