E.g., 06/20/2019
E.g., 06/20/2019

State Income Data - MD

Maryland

Income & Poverty
2017
2000
1990
Poverty

Note: Poverty status is not determined for unrelated individuals under the age of 15 (such as foster children) or for persons lacking conventional housing.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%)

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS.

920,512
Below 100% of the poverty level 9.6%
100-199% of the poverty level 17.2%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 73.2%
People in Poverty: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2017 69.0%
% change: 1990-2000 95.0%
% Families in Poverty by Family Type

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS.

 
All families (among those for whom poverty status is determined) 7.6%
With related children under age 18
9.4%
With related children under age 5
7.0%
Married-couple families 5.1%
With related children under age 18
5.4%
With related children under age 5
3.8%
Families with female householder, no husband present 17.8%
With related children under age 18
26.7%
With related children under age 5
20.3%
Poverty by U.S. Citizenship Status (among the foreign born)  
Naturalized citizens 484,154
Below 100% of the poverty level
6.6%
100-199% of the poverty level
12.3%
At or above 200% of the poverty level
81.1%
Noncitizens 436,358
Below 100% of the poverty level
12.8%
100-199% of the poverty level
22.7%
At or above 200% of the poverty level
64.5%
Foreign Born Living in Poverty by Region of Birth

Note: The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Born in Africa N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N
Born in Asia 302,049
Below 100% of the poverty level
8.3%
Born in Europe 83,898
Below 100% of the poverty level
7.4%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 361,942
Below 100% of the poverty level
11.2%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N
Born in Oceania N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 4,994,797
Below 100% of the poverty level 9.2%
100-199% of the poverty level 12.2%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 78.6%
People in Poverty: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 20.1%
% change: 1990-2000 9.8%
% Families in Poverty by Family Type  
All families (among those for whom poverty status is determined) 5.9%
With related children under age 18
9.2%
With related children under age 5
8.5%
Married-couple families 2.0%
With related children under age 18
1.9%
With related children under age 5
1.7%
Families with female householder, no husband present 17.3%
With related children under age 18
24.0%
With related children under age 5
28.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 512,632
Below 100% of the poverty level 10.2%
100-199% of the poverty level 15.1%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 74.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 4,664,746
Below 100% of the poverty level 8.2%
100-199% of the poverty level 11.9%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 79.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 304,712
Below 100% of the poverty level 8.8%
100-199% of the poverty level 14.7%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 76.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 4,356,117
Below 100% of the poverty level 8.0%
100-199% of the poverty level 11.5%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 80.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Poverty by Language Spoken at Home Number
Household population (among those for whom poverty status is determined, age 5 and older) 5,555,402
Below 100% of the poverty level 501,914
Speaks only English
4,488,540
Below 100% of the poverty level 390,400
Speaks Spanish
478,015
Below 100% of the poverty level 60,069
Speaks other Indo-European languages
256,762
Below 100% of the poverty level 23,079
Speaks Asian or Pacific Island languages
210,676
Below 100% of the poverty level 17,544
Speaks other languages
121,409
Below 100% of the poverty level 10,822
%
Household population (among those for whom poverty status is determined, age 5 and older) 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 9.0%
Speaks only English 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 8.7%
Speaks only Spanish 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 12.6%
Speaks other Indo-European languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 9.0%
Speaks Asian or Pacific Island languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 8.3%
Speaks other languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 8.9%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Earnings

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS.

Foreign Born
Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older). Earnings in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) 450,466
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss 1.3%
Earned $10,000-$14,999 2.3%
Earned $15,000-$24,999 13.2%
Earned $25,000-$34,999 15.1%
Earned $35,000-$49,999 18.9%
Earned $50,000-$74,999 19.6%
Earned $75,000 or more 29.6%
Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) Earnings in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) by U.S. Citizenship  
Naturalized citizens (%) 251,862
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss
1.2%
Earned $10,000-$14,999
1.7%
Earned $15,000-$24,999
6.8%
Earned $25,000-$34,999
11.2%
Earned $35,000-$49,999
18.6%
Earned $50,000-$74,999
21.4%
Earned $75,000 or more
39.0%
Noncitizens (%) 198,604
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss
1.3%
Earned $10,000-$14,999
3.1%
Earned $15,000-$24,999
21.3%
Earned $25,000-$34,999
20.0%
Earned $35,000-$49,999
19.3%
Earned $50,000-$74,999
17.2%
Earned $75,000 or more
17.7%
Median Earnings of Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars by Gender Foreign Born
Male $50,632
Female $45,950
Median Earnings of Foreign-Born Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars by U.S. Citizenship Status and Gender  
Naturalized citizens  
Male
$66,175
Female
$52,436
Noncitizens  
Male
$38,651
Female
$32,549
U.S. Born
Earnings of Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) 1,853,324
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss 1.4%
Earned $10,000-$14,999 1.9%
Earned $15,000-$24,999 7.5%
Earned $25,000-$34,999 11.2%
Earned $35,000-$49,999 16.7%
Earned $50,000-$74,999 24.5%
Earned $75,000 or more 36.7%
Nothing 1  
Nothing 2  
Nothing 3  
Nothing 4  
Nothing 5  
Nothing 6  
Nothing 7  
Nothing 8  
Nothing 9  
Nothing 10  
Nothing 11  
Nothing 12  
Nothing 13  
Nothing 14  
Nothing 15  
Nothing 16  
Nothing 17  
Native Born Native Born
Male $63,837
Female $54,575
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Median Household Income

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS.

Foreign Born
Median Household Income $79,665
Median Household Income by U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized citizens $90,662
Noncitizens $65,190
U.S. Born
Median Household Income $81,016
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
Home Ownership Rate

Note: 1) Refers to the percentage owner households represent among all occupied households. 2) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS. 3) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Home Ownership Rate 58.3%
Home Ownership Rate by Householder's U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized citizens 72.1%
Noncitizens 35.3%
U.S. Born
Home Ownership Rate 68.3%
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
Health Insurance Coverage

Note: Since some people may hold both private and public health insurance coverage at the same time, estimates of those with public health insurance and those with public coverage may overlap. Their sum therefore may be greater than the total number of people with health insurance.

Foreign Born
Civilian noninstitutionalized population (%) 922,934
With health insurance 82.0%
With private health insurance
64.9%
With public coverage
24.6%
No health insurance coverage 18.0%
Health Insurance Coverage by U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized Citizens (%) 484,229
With health insurance 93.8%
With private health insurance
75.0%
With public coverage
30.4%
No health insurance coverage 6.2%
Noncitizens (%) 438,705
With health insurance 69.1%
With private health insurance
53.8%
With public coverage
18.1%
No health insurance coverage 30.9%
U.S. Born
Civilian noninstitutionalized population (%) 5,034,937
With health insurance 96.0%
With private health insurance
76.0%
With public coverage
33.6%
No health insurance coverage 4.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2017 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas, and Matthew Sobek. Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS) USA: Version 8.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2018. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V8.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • Poverty status is not determined for unrelated individuals under the age of 15 (such as foster children) or for persons lacking conventional housing. 
  • The term “home ownership rate” refers to the percentage owner households represent among all occupied households.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Poverty,” “Earnings,” “Median Household Income,” and “Home Ownership Rate”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS.
  • In the “% Families in Poverty by Family Type” section, “related children” refer to “related children of the householder.”
  • “Health Insurance Coverage”: Since some people may hold both private and public health insurance coverage at the same time, estimates of those with public health insurance and those with public coverage may overlap. Their sum therefore may be greater than the total number of people with health insurance.