E.g., 12/10/2018
E.g., 12/10/2018

State Demographics Data - MD

Maryland

Demographics & Social
2016
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 921,870
% Foreign Born 15.3%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2016 77.9%
% change: 1990-2000 65.3%
Race (%)  
One race 97.7%
White
30.0%
Black or African American
24.0%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.2%
Asian
28.8%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.1%
Other race
14.8%
Two or more races 2.3%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 286,850
% Latino 31.1%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.9%
5-17 5.9%
18-64 80.1%
65 and older 13.1%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2012-2016 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2016 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

42.8
Gender (% female) 51.0%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 28.0%
Married 58.1%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 13.9%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 5,094,577
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 6.6%
% change: 1990-2000 6.9%
Race (%)  
One race 96.5%
White 61.3%
Black or African American 30.9%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.3%
Asian 2.2%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.0%
Other race 1.9%
Two or more races 3.5%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 299,880
% Latino 5.9%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 7.0%
5-17 18.2%
18-64 60.0%
65 and older 14.8%
Median Age 36.9
Gender (% female) 51.6%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 37.5%
Married 43.8%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 18.7%
Foreign Born
Number 518,315
% Foreign Born 9.8%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
U.S. Born
Number 4,778,171
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Foreign Born
Number 313,494
% Foreign Born 6.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 4,467,974
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

921,870
Born in Africa 159,463
Born in Asia 302,820
Born in Europe 86,054
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 364,577
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 6,845
Born in Oceania 2,111
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1 El Salvador
Country #2 India
Country #3 China (exc. Taiwan)
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

921,870
Europe 86,054
Northern Europe 17,091
United Kingdom
13,278
Ireland
1,760
Other Northern Europe
2,053
Western Europe 22,876
France
4,687
Germany
13,841
Other Western Europe
4,348
Southern Europe 11,415
Italy
3,592
Portugal
1,010
Other Southern Europe
6,813
Eastern Europe 34,666
Poland
3,777
Russia
10,838
Other Eastern Europe
20,051
Other Europe (no country specified) 6
Asia 302,820
Eastern Asia 101,932
China
55,152

China, excluding Taiwan

47,183

Taiwan

7,969
Japan
6,592
Korea
39,495
Other Eastern Asia
693
South Central Asia 109,459
India
62,935
Iran
12,899
Other South Central Asia
33,625
Southeastern Asia 72,696
Philippines
32,119
Vietnam
23,603
Other Southeastern Asia
16,974
Western Asia 18,348
Israel
4,017
Lebanon
1,500
Other Western Asia
12,831
Other Asia (no country specified) 385
Africa 159,463
Eastern Africa 42,192
Northern Africa
7,882
Western Africa
83,520
Middle and Southern Africa
21,932
Other Africa (no country specified)
3,937
Oceania 2,111
Australia and New Zealand subregion 1,933
Oceania (no country specified) 178
Americas 371,422
Latin America 364,577
Caribbean
74,840

Cuba

2,192

Jamaica

28,538

Other Caribbean

44,110
Central America
224,687

Mexico

36,707

El Salvador

111,168

Other Central America

76,812
South America
65,050

Brazil

10,049

Colombia

10,180

Other South America

44,821
Northern America 6,845
Canada
6,543
Other Northern America
302
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 238,003
1990-1999 199,077
2000-2009 301,342
Since 2010 183,448
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 17.3%
Born in Asia 32.8%
Born in Europe 9.3%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 39.5%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 0.7%
Born in Oceania 0.2%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 12.80
Country #2 6.10%
Country #3 5.40
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 9.3%
Northern Europe 1.9%
United Kingdom 1.4%
Ireland 0.2%
Other Northern Europe 0.2%
Western Europe 2.5%
France 0.5%
Germany 1.5%
Other Western Europe 0.5%
Southern Europe 1.2%
Italy 0.4%
Portugal 0.1%
Other Southern Europe 0.7%
Eastern Europe 3.8%
Poland 0.4%
Russia 1.2%
Other Eastern Europe 2.2%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.0%
Asia 32.8%
Eastern Asia 11.1%
China 6.0%
China, excluding Taiwan 5.1%
Taiwan 0.9%
Japan 0.7%
Korea 4.3%
Other Eastern Asia 0.1%
South Central Asia 11.9%
India 6.8%
Iran 1.4%
Other South Central Asia 3.6%
Southeastern Asia 7.9%
Philippines 3.5%
Vietnam 2.6%
Other Southeastern Asia 1.8%
Western Asia 2.0%
Israel 0.4%
Lebanon 0.2%
Other Western Asia 1.4%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.0%
Africa 17.3%
Eastern Africa 4.6%
Northern Africa 0.9%
Western Africa 9.1%
Middle and Southern Africa 2.4%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.4%
Oceania 0.2%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.2%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.0%
Americas 40.3%
Latin America 39.5%
Caribbean 8.1%
Cuba 0.2%
Jamaica 3.1%
Other Caribbean 4.8%
Central America 24.4%
Mexico 4.0%
El Salvador 12.1%
Other Central America 8.3%
South America 7.1%
Brazil 1.1%
Colombia 1.1%
Other South America 4.9%
Northern America 0.7%
Canada 0.7%
Other Northern America 0.0%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 25.8%
1980-1989 21.6%
1990-1999 32.7%
Since 2000 19.9%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 518,315
Born in Africa 62,688
Born in Asia 181,504
Born in Europe 86,840
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 176,026
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 9,300
Cat28 1,957
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 El Salvador
Country #2 India
Country #3 Korea
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 12.1%
Born in Asia 35.0%
Born in Europe 16.8%
Born in Latin America 34.0%
Born in Northern America 1.8%
Born in Oceania 0.4%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 8.10%
Country #2 6.20%
Country #3 6.00
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 303,480
Born in Africa 23,173
Born in Asia 110,826
Born in Europe 74,318
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 86,678
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 7,287
Cat21 1,198
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Korea
Country #2 India
Country #3 Germany
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 7.6%
Born in Asia 36.5%
Born in Europe 24.5%
Born in Latin America 28.6%
Born in Northern America 2.4%
Born in Oceania 0.4%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 6.70%
Country #2 5.70%
Country #3 5.20%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 921,870
Naturalized citizens 467,964
Noncitizens 453,906
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 467,964
Before 1980 39,345
1980-1989 48,803
1990-1999 96,844
2000-2009 146,175
Since 2010 136,797
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 50.8%
Noncitizens 49.2%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 8.4%
1980-1989 10.4%
1990-1999 20.7%
2000-2009 31.2%
Since 2010 29.2%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 518,315
Naturalized citizens 234,711
Noncitizens 283,604
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 45.3%
Noncitizens 54.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 313,494
Naturalized citizens 127,005
Noncitizens 186,489
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 40.5%
Noncitizens 59.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 284,074
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 18,405
% married among women who gave birth
79.2%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
20.8%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 1,169,119
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 55,615
% married among women who gave birth 64.0%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 36.0%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2012-2016 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2016 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3.37
Average family size 3.74
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.54
Average family size 3.16
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 1,283,590
Only native parent(s)
920,254
One or more foreign-born parents
363,336

Child is native

311,915

Child is foreign born

51,421
Children under age 6 with 417,592
Only native parent(s)
290,769
One or more foreign-born parents
126,823

Child is native

117,960

Child is foreign born

8,863
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 865,998
Only native parent(s)
629,485
One or more foreign-born parents
236,513

Child is native

193,955

Child is foreign born

42,558
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

360,816
Only native parents 243,786
One or more foreign-born parents 117,030
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 71.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 28.3%
Child is native 24.3%
Child is foreign born 4.0%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 69.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 30.4%
Child is native 28.2%
Child is foreign born 2.1%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 72.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 27.3%
Child is native 22.4%
Child is foreign born 4.9%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 67.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 32.4%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,278,940
Only native parent(s) 1,086,837
One or more foreign-born parents 192,103
Child is native 150,914
Child is foreign born 41,189
Children under age 6 with 402,464
Only native parent(s) 336,843
One or more foreign-born parents 65,621
Child is native 60,278
Child is foreign born 5,343
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 876,476
Only native parent(s) 749,994
One or more foreign-born parents 126,482
Child is native 90,636
Child is foreign born 35,846
Children in Low-Income Families* 319,092
Only native parents 268,021
One or more foreign-born parents 51,071
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 85.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 15.0%
Child is native 11.8%
Child is foreign born 3.2%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 83.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 16.3%
Child is native 15.0%
Child is foreign born 1.3%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 85.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 14.4%
Child is native 10.3%
Child is foreign born 4.1%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 84.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 16.0%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,115,678
Only native parent(s) 996,077
One or more foreign-born parents 119,601
Child is native 91,130
Child is foreign born 28,471
Children under age 6 with 411,266
Only native parent(s) 368,985
One or more foreign-born parents 42,281
Child is native 37,779
Child is foreign born 4,502
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 704,412
Only native parent(s) 627,092
One or more foreign-born parents 77,320
Child is native 53,351
Child is foreign born 23,969
Children in Low-Income Families* 279,529
Only native parents 251,543
One or more foreign-born parents 27,986
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 89.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 10.7%
Child is native 8.2%
Child is foreign born 2.6%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 89.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 10.3%
Child is native 9.2%
Child is foreign born 1.1%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 89.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 11.0%
Child is native 7.6%
Child is foreign born 3.4%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 90.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 10.0%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2016 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2012-2016 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2016 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.