E.g., 04/14/2021
E.g., 04/14/2021
State Demographics Data - MD

Maryland

Demographics & Social
2019
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 929,431
% Foreign Born 15.4%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2019 79.3%
% change: 1990-2000 65.3%
Race (%)  
One race 97.7%
White
26.4%
Black or African American
24.3%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.3%
Asian
28.6%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.0%
Other race
18.2%
Two or more races 2.3%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 298,620
% Latino 32.1%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.7%
5-17 6.2%
18-64 78.3%
65 and older 14.8%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau’s pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

44.4
Gender (% female) 51.8%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 26.1%
Married 59.6%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 14.3%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 5,116,249
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 7.1%
% change: 1990-2000 6.9%
Race (%)  
One race 96.4%
White 59.7%
Black or African American 31.4%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.3%
Asian 2.4%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.0%
Other race 2.7%
Two or more races 3.6%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 344,551
% Latino 6.7%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 6.9%
5-17 17.9%
18-64 59.1%
65 and older 16.1%
Median Age 37.3
Gender (% female) 51.5%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 38.0%
Married 44.0%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 18.0%
Foreign Born
Number 518,315
% Foreign Born 9.8%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 4,778,171
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 313,494
% Foreign Born 6.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 4,467,974
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

929,431
Born in Africa 171,572
Born in Asia 300,247
Born in Europe 78,004
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 367,967
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 8,244
Born in Oceania 3,397
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

 
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

929,431
Europe 78,004
Northern Europe 16,224
United Kingdom
12,192
Ireland
1,746
Other Northern Europe
2,286
Western Europe 19,347
France
4,511
Germany
11,475
Other Western Europe
3,361
Southern Europe 8,757
Italy
4,126
Portugal
1,019
Other Southern Europe
3,612
Eastern Europe 33,638
Poland
3,456
Russia
7,865
Other Eastern Europe
22,317
Other Europe (no country specified) 38
Asia 300,247
Eastern Asia 91,898
China
56,628

China, excluding Taiwan

45,560

Taiwan

11,068
Japan
5,219
Korea
29,862
Other Eastern Asia
189
South Central Asia 114,010
India
65,864
Iran
9,708
Other South Central Asia
38,438
Southeastern Asia 73,333
Philippines
34,781
Vietnam
22,164
Other Southeastern Asia
16,388
Western Asia 19,668
Israel
3,245
Lebanon
975
Other Western Asia
15,448
Other Asia (no country specified) 1,338
Africa 171,572
Eastern Africa 45,354
Northern Africa
8,131
Western Africa
81,269
Middle and Southern Africa
30,512
Other Africa (no country specified)
6,306
Oceania 3,397
Australia and New Zealand subregion 3,067
Oceania (no country specified) 330
Americas 376,211
Latin America 367,967
Caribbean
67,683

Cuba

3,208

Jamaica

24,202

Other Caribbean

40,273
Central America
230,702

Mexico

31,817

El Salvador

114,820

Other Central America

84,065
South America
69,582

Brazil

8,934

Colombia

9,625

Other South America

51,023
Northern America 8,244
Canada
8,053
Other Northern America
191
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 210,992
1990-1999 190,810
2000-2009 264,873
Since 2010 262,756
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 18.5%
Born in Asia 32.3%
Born in Europe 8.4%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 39.6%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 0.9%
Born in Oceania 0.4%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 8.4%
Northern Europe 1.7%
United Kingdom 1.3%
Ireland 0.2%
Other Northern Europe 0.2%
Western Europe 2.1%
France 0.5%
Germany 1.2%
Other Western Europe 0.4%
Southern Europe 0.9%
Italy 0.4%
Portugal 0.1%
Other Southern Europe 0.4%
Eastern Europe 3.6%
Poland 0.4%
Russia 0.8%
Other Eastern Europe 2.4%
Other Europe (no country specified) N
Asia 32.3%
Eastern Asia 9.9%
China 6.1%
China, excluding Taiwan 4.9%
Taiwan 1.2%
Japan 0.6%
Korea 3.2%
Other Eastern Asia N
South Central Asia 12.3%
India 7.1%
Iran 1.0%
Other South Central Asia 4.1%
Southeastern Asia 7.9%
Philippines 3.7%
Vietnam 2.4%
Other Southeastern Asia 1.8%
Western Asia 2.1%
Israel 0.3%
Lebanon 0.1%
Other Western Asia 1.7%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.1%
Africa 18.5%
Eastern Africa 4.9%
Northern Africa 0.9%
Western Africa 8.7%
Middle and Southern Africa 3.3%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.7%
Oceania 0.4%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.3%
Oceania (no country specified) N
Americas 40.5%
Latin America 39.6%
Caribbean 7.3%
Cuba 0.3%
Jamaica 2.6%
Other Caribbean 4.3%
Central America 24.8%
Mexico 3.4%
El Salvador 12.4%
Other Central America 9.0%
South America 7.5%
Brazil 1.0%
Colombia 1.0%
Other South America 5.5%
Northern America 0.9%
Canada 0.9%
Other Northern America N
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 22.7%
1980-1989 20.5%
1990-1999 28.5%
Since 2000 28.3%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 518,315
Born in Africa 62,688
Born in Asia 181,504
Born in Europe 86,840
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 176,026
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 9,300
Cat28 1,957
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 12.1%
Born in Asia 35.0%
Born in Europe 16.8%
Born in Latin America 34.0%
Born in Northern America 1.8%
Born in Oceania 0.4%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 303,480
Born in Africa 23,173
Born in Asia 110,826
Born in Europe 74,318
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 86,678
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 7,287
Cat21 1,198
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 7.6%
Born in Asia 36.5%
Born in Europe 24.5%
Born in Latin America 28.6%
Born in Northern America 2.4%
Born in Oceania 0.4%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 929,431
Naturalized citizens 481,965
Noncitizens 447,466
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 481,965
Before 1990 73,819
1990-1999 92,862
2000-2009 137,743
2010-2014 83,615
Since 2015 93,926
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 51.9%
Noncitizens 48.1%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 15.3%
1980-1989 19.3%
1990-1999 28.6%
2000-2009 17.3%
Since 2010 19.5%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 518,315
Naturalized citizens 234,711
Noncitizens 283,604
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 45.3%
Noncitizens 54.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 313,494
Naturalized citizens 127,005
Noncitizens 186,489
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 40.5%
Noncitizens 59.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 275,840
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 20,920
% married among women who gave birth
73.8%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
26.2%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 1,154,527
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 52,904
% married among women who gave birth 65.4%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 34.6%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S Census Bureau’s pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3.36
Average family size 3.77
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.51
Average family size 3.16
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau has excluded children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 1,261,542
Only native parent(s)
881,315
One or more foreign-born parents
380,227

Child is native

324,721

Child is foreign born

55,506
Children under age 6 with 408,035
Only native parent(s)
281,310
One or more foreign-born parents
126,725

Child is native

119,009

Child is foreign born

7,716
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 853,507
Only native parent(s)
600,005
One or more foreign-born parents
253,502

Child is native

205,712

Child is foreign born

47,790
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau has excluded children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

348,825
Only native parents 219,354
One or more foreign-born parents 129,471
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 69.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 30.1%
Child is native 25.7%
Child is foreign born 4.4%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 68.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 31.1%
Child is native 29.2%
Child is foreign born 1.9%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 70.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 29.7%
Child is native 24.1%
Child is foreign born 5.6%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 62.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 37.1%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,278,940
Only native parent(s) 1,086,837
One or more foreign-born parents 192,103
Child is native 150,914
Child is foreign born 41,189
Children under age 6 with 402,464
Only native parent(s) 336,843
One or more foreign-born parents 65,621
Child is native 60,278
Child is foreign born 5,343
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 876,476
Only native parent(s) 749,994
One or more foreign-born parents 126,482
Child is native 90,636
Child is foreign born 35,846
Children in Low-Income Families* 319,092
Only native parents 268,021
One or more foreign-born parents 51,071
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 85.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 15.0%
Child is native 11.8%
Child is foreign born 3.2%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 83.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 16.3%
Child is native 15.0%
Child is foreign born 1.3%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 85.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 14.4%
Child is native 10.3%
Child is foreign born 4.1%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 84.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 16.0%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,115,678
Only native parent(s) 996,077
One or more foreign-born parents 119,601
Child is native 91,130
Child is foreign born 28,471
Children under age 6 with 411,266
Only native parent(s) 368,985
One or more foreign-born parents 42,281
Child is native 37,779
Child is foreign born 4,502
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 704,412
Only native parent(s) 627,092
One or more foreign-born parents 77,320
Child is native 53,351
Child is foreign born 23,969
Children in Low-Income Families* 279,529
Only native parents 251,543
One or more foreign-born parents 27,986
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 89.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 10.7%
Child is native 8.2%
Child is foreign born 2.6%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 89.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 10.3%
Child is native 9.2%
Child is foreign born 1.1%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 89.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 11.0%
Child is native 7.6%
Child is foreign born 3.4%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 90.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 10.0%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2019 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas and Matthew Sobek. IPUMS USA: Version 10.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2020. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V10.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau has excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.