E.g., 09/23/2020
E.g., 09/23/2020

State Demographics Data - MD

Maryland

Demographics & Social
2018
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 915,191
% Foreign Born 15.1%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2018 76.6%
% change: 1990-2000 65.3%
Race (%)  
One race 97.5%
White
25.2%
Black or African American
26.8%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.2%
Asian
27.7%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.2%
Other race
17.2%
Two or more races 2.5%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 279,927
% Latino 30.6%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.9%
5-17 5.1%
18-64 80.6%
65 and older 13.4%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

43.7
Gender (% female) 52.3%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 24.4%
Married 60.9%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 14.6%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 5,127,527
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 7.3%
% change: 1990-2000 6.9%
Race (%)  
One race 96.1%
White 60.0%
Black or African American 30.5%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.2%
Asian 2.4%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.1%
Other race 2.9%
Two or more races 3.9%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 348,508
% Latino 6.8%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 6.9%
5-17 18.1%
18-64 59.2%
65 and older 15.8%
Median Age 37
Gender (% female) 51.4%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 37.3%
Married 44.7%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 18.0%
Foreign Born
Number 518,315
% Foreign Born 9.8%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 4,778,171
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 313,494
% Foreign Born 6.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 4,467,974
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

915,191
Born in Africa 184,102
Born in Asia 284,120
Born in Europe 75,724
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 359,738
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 8,904
Born in Oceania 2,603
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

915,191
Europe 75,724
Northern Europe 15,536
United Kingdom
11,991
Ireland
1,682
Other Northern Europe
1,863
Western Europe 19,298
France
4,661
Germany
11,617
Other Western Europe
3,020
Southern Europe 9,771
Italy
3,890
Portugal
1,555
Other Southern Europe
4,326
Eastern Europe 31,035
Poland
2,926
Russia
8,091
Other Eastern Europe
20,018
Other Europe (no country specified) 84
Asia 284,120
Eastern Asia 97,839
China
60,090

China, excluding Taiwan

51,443

Taiwan

8,647
Japan
4,653
Korea
32,173
Other Eastern Asia
923
South Central Asia 103,181
India
56,555
Iran
9,331
Other South Central Asia
37,295
Southeastern Asia 66,389
Philippines
34,833
Vietnam
18,624
Other Southeastern Asia
12,932
Western Asia 16,135
Israel
2,634
Lebanon
1,194
Other Western Asia
12,307
Other Asia (no country specified) 576
Africa 184,102
Eastern Africa 50,174
Northern Africa
6,956
Western Africa
93,211
Middle and Southern Africa
28,866
Other Africa (no country specified)
4,895
Oceania 2,603
Australia and New Zealand subregion 1,928
Oceania (no country specified) 675
Americas 368,642
Latin America 359,738
Caribbean
79,961

Cuba

3,830

Jamaica

32,046

Other Caribbean

44,085
Central America
202,344

Mexico

33,933

El Salvador

101,594

Other Central America

66,817
South America
77,433

Brazil

11,955

Colombia

14,115

Other South America

51,363
Northern America 8,904
Canada
8,659
Other Northern America
245
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 221,574
1990-1999 191,108
2000-2009 271,613
Since 2010 230,896
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 20.1%
Born in Asia 31.0%
Born in Europe 8.3%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 39.3%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 1.0%
Born in Oceania 0.3%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 8.3%
Northern Europe 1.7%
United Kingdom 1.3%
Ireland 0.2%
Other Northern Europe 0.2%
Western Europe 2.1%
France 0.5%
Germany 1.3%
Other Western Europe 0.3%
Southern Europe 1.1%
Italy 0.4%
Portugal 0.2%
Other Southern Europe 0.5%
Eastern Europe 3.4%
Poland 0.3%
Russia 0.9%
Other Eastern Europe 2.2%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.0%
Asia 31.0%
Eastern Asia 10.7%
China 6.6%
China, excluding Taiwan 5.6%
Taiwan 0.9%
Japan 0.5%
Korea 3.5%
Other Eastern Asia 0.1%
South Central Asia 11.3%
India 6.2%
Iran 1.0%
Other South Central Asia 4.1%
Southeastern Asia 7.3%
Philippines 3.8%
Vietnam 2.0%
Other Southeastern Asia 1.4%
Western Asia 1.8%
Israel 0.3%
Lebanon 0.1%
Other Western Asia 1.3%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.1%
Africa 20.1%
Eastern Africa 5.5%
Northern Africa 0.8%
Western Africa 10.2%
Middle and Southern Africa 3.2%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.5%
Oceania 0.3%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.2%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.1%
Americas 40.3%
Latin America 39.3%
Caribbean 8.7%
Cuba 0.4%
Jamaica 3.5%
Other Caribbean 4.8%
Central America 22.1%
Mexico 3.7%
El Salvador 11.1%
Other Central America 7.3%
South America 8.5%
Brazil 1.3%
Colombia 1.5%
Other South America 5.6%
Northern America 1.0%
Canada 0.9%
Other Northern America 0.0%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 24.2%
1980-1989 20.9%
1990-1999 29.7%
Since 2000 25.2%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 518,315
Born in Africa 62,688
Born in Asia 181,504
Born in Europe 86,840
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 176,026
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 9,300
Cat28 1,957
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 12.1%
Born in Asia 35.0%
Born in Europe 16.8%
Born in Latin America 34.0%
Born in Northern America 1.8%
Born in Oceania 0.4%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 303,480
Born in Africa 23,173
Born in Asia 110,826
Born in Europe 74,318
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 86,678
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 7,287
Cat21 1,198
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 7.6%
Born in Asia 36.5%
Born in Europe 24.5%
Born in Latin America 28.6%
Born in Northern America 2.4%
Born in Oceania 0.4%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 915,191
Naturalized citizens 489,731
Noncitizens 425,460
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 489,731
Before 1990 81,168
1990-1999 94,376
2000-2009 141,956
2010-2014 93,929
Since 2015 78,302
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 53.5%
Noncitizens 46.5%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 16.6%
1980-1989 19.3%
1990-1999 29.0%
2000-2009 19.2%
Since 2010 16.0%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 518,315
Naturalized citizens 234,711
Noncitizens 283,604
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 45.3%
Noncitizens 54.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 313,494
Naturalized citizens 127,005
Noncitizens 186,489
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 40.5%
Noncitizens 59.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 280,921
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 21,791
% married among women who gave birth
69.5%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
30.5%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 1,158,534
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 50,381
% married among women who gave birth 68.1%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 31.9%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3
Average family size 4
U.S. Born
Average household size 3
Average family size 3
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 1,273,767
Only native parent(s)
893,721
One or more foreign-born parents
380,046

Child is native

332,562

Child is foreign born

47,484
Children under age 6 with 416,726
Only native parent(s)
283,262
One or more foreign-born parents
133,464

Child is native

124,828

Child is foreign born

8,636
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 857,041
Only native parent(s)
610,459
One or more foreign-born parents
246,582

Child is native

207,734

Child is foreign born

38,848
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

356,056
Only native parents 228,565
One or more foreign-born parents 127,491
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 70.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 29.8%
Child is native 26.1%
Child is foreign born 3.7%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 68.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 32.0%
Child is native 30.0%
Child is foreign born 2.1%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 71.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 28.8%
Child is native 24.2%
Child is foreign born 4.5%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 64.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 35.8%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,278,940
Only native parent(s) 1,086,837
One or more foreign-born parents 192,103
Child is native 150,914
Child is foreign born 41,189
Children under age 6 with 402,464
Only native parent(s) 336,843
One or more foreign-born parents 65,621
Child is native 60,278
Child is foreign born 5,343
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 876,476
Only native parent(s) 749,994
One or more foreign-born parents 126,482
Child is native 90,636
Child is foreign born 35,846
Children in Low-Income Families* 319,092
Only native parents 268,021
One or more foreign-born parents 51,071
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 85.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 15.0%
Child is native 11.8%
Child is foreign born 3.2%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 83.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 16.3%
Child is native 15.0%
Child is foreign born 1.3%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 85.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 14.4%
Child is native 10.3%
Child is foreign born 4.1%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 84.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 16.0%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,115,678
Only native parent(s) 996,077
One or more foreign-born parents 119,601
Child is native 91,130
Child is foreign born 28,471
Children under age 6 with 411,266
Only native parent(s) 368,985
One or more foreign-born parents 42,281
Child is native 37,779
Child is foreign born 4,502
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 704,412
Only native parent(s) 627,092
One or more foreign-born parents 77,320
Child is native 53,351
Child is foreign born 23,969
Children in Low-Income Families* 279,529
Only native parents 251,543
One or more foreign-born parents 27,986
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 89.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 10.7%
Child is native 8.2%
Child is foreign born 2.6%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 89.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 10.3%
Child is native 9.2%
Child is foreign born 1.1%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 89.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 11.0%
Child is native 7.6%
Child is foreign born 3.4%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 90.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 10.0%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2018 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas, and Matthew Sobek. Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS) USA: Version 8.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2018. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V8.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.