E.g., 06/29/2024
E.g., 06/29/2024
State Demographics Data - MD
 

Maryland

Demographics & Social
2022
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 1,029,710
% Foreign Born 16.7%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2022 98.7%
% change: 1990-2000 65.3%
Race (%)  
One race 89.9%
White
13.9%
Black or African American
26.1%
American Indian and Alaska Native
1.1%
Asian
26.8%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.1%
Other race
22.0%
Two or more races 10.1%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 323,564
% Latino 31.4%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.8%
5-17 6.8%
18-64 77.2%
65 and older 15.1%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau’s pooled 2018-2022 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2022 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

45.3
Gender (% female) 51.9%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 25.2%
Married 59.7%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 15.1%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 5,134,950
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 7.5%
% change: 1990-2000 6.9%
Race (%)  
One race 92.2%
White 55.3%
Black or African American 30.3%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.3%
Asian 2.5%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.0%
Other race 3.8%
Two or more races 7.8%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 382,278
% Latino 7.4%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 6.6%
5-17 18.1%
18-64 58.0%
65 and older 17.3%
Median Age 37.7
Gender (% female) 51.1%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 38.3%
Married 44.3%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 17.4%
Foreign Born
Number 518,315
% Foreign Born 9.8%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 4,778,171
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 313,494
% Foreign Born 6.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 4,467,974
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

1,029,710
Born in Africa 214,310
Born in Asia 314,579
Born in Europe 88,999
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 401,253
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 8,702
Born in Oceania 1,867
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

 
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

1,029,710
Europe 88,999
Northern Europe 18,509
United Kingdom
15,069
Ireland
886
Other Northern Europe
2,554
Western Europe 19,464
France
3,856
Germany
11,754
Other Western Europe
3,854
Southern Europe 11,654
Italy
4,577
Portugal
1,897
Other Southern Europe
5,180
Eastern Europe 39,154
Poland
3,083
Russia
10,571
Other Eastern Europe
25,500
Other Europe (no country specified) 218
Asia 314,579
Eastern Asia 96,888
China
60,075

China, excluding Taiwan

51,982

Taiwan

8,093
Japan
4,685
Korea
31,991
Other Eastern Asia
137
South Central Asia 125,656
India
63,884
Iran
15,414
Other South Central Asia
46,358
Southeastern Asia 72,418
Philippines
39,770
Vietnam
17,427
Other Southeastern Asia
15,221
Western Asia 19,074
Israel
4,080
Lebanon
1,589
Other Western Asia
13,405
Other Asia (no country specified) 543
Africa 214,310
Eastern Africa 65,629
Northern Africa 9,357
Western Africa 101,649
Middle and Southern Africa 33,669
Other Africa (no country specified) 4,006
Oceania 1,867
Australia and New Zealand subregion 1,383
Oceania (no country specified) 484
Americas 409,955
Latin America 401,253
Caribbean
75,347

Cuba

3,144

Jamaica

29,229

Other Caribbean

42,974
Central America
247,220

Mexico

36,446

El Salvador

121,525

Other Central America

89,249
South America
78,686

Brazil

14,388

Colombia

10,131

Other South America

54,167
Northern America 8,702
Canada
8,304
Other Northern America
398
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 221,296
1990-1999 174,821
2000-2009 266,105
Since 2010 367,488
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 20.8%
Born in Asia 30.6%
Born in Europe 8.6%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 39.0%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 0.8%
Born in Oceania 0.2%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 8.6%
Northern Europe 1.8%
United Kingdom 1.5%
Ireland 0.1%
Other Northern Europe 0.2%
Western Europe 1.9%
France 0.4%
Germany 1.1%
Other Western Europe 0.4%
Southern Europe 1.1%
Italy 0.4%
Portugal 0.2%
Other Southern Europe 0.5%
Eastern Europe 3.8%
Poland 0.3%
Russia 1.0%
Other Eastern Europe 2.5%
Other Europe (no country specified) N
Asia 30.6%
Eastern Asia 9.4%
China 5.8%
China, excluding Taiwan 5.0%
Taiwan 0.8%
Japan 0.5%
Korea 3.1%
Other Eastern Asia N
South Central Asia 12.2%
India 6.2%
Iran 1.5%
Other South Central Asia 4.5%
Southeastern Asia 7.0%
Philippines 3.9%
Vietnam 1.7%
Other Southeastern Asia 1.5%
Western Asia 1.9%
Israel 0.4%
Lebanon 0.2%
Other Western Asia 1.3%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.1%
Africa 20.8%
Eastern Africa 6.4%
Northern Africa 0.9%
Western Africa 9.9%
Middle and Southern Africa 3.3%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.4%
Oceania 0.2%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.1%
Oceania (no country specified) N
Americas 39.8%
Latin America 39.0%
Caribbean 7.3%
Cuba 0.3%
Jamaica 2.8%
Other Caribbean 4.2%
Central America 24.0%
Mexico 3.5%
El Salvador 11.8%
Other Central America 8.7%
South America 7.6%
Brazil 1.4%
Colombia 1.0%
Other South America 5.3%
Northern America 0.8%
Canada 0.8%
Other Northern America N
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 21.5%
1980-1989 17.0%
1990-1999 25.8%
Since 2000 35.7%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 518,315
Born in Africa 62,688
Born in Asia 181,504
Born in Europe 86,840
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 176,026
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 9,300
Cat28 1,957
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 12.1%
Born in Asia 35.0%
Born in Europe 16.8%
Born in Latin America 34.0%
Born in Northern America 1.8%
Born in Oceania 0.4%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 303,480
Born in Africa 23,173
Born in Asia 110,826
Born in Europe 74,318
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 86,678
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 7,287
Cat21 1,198
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 7.6%
Born in Asia 36.5%
Born in Europe 24.5%
Born in Latin America 28.6%
Born in Northern America 2.4%
Born in Oceania 0.4%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 1,029,710
Naturalized citizens 561,886
Noncitizens 467,824
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 561,886
Before 1990 75,739
1990-1999 97,798
2000-2009 137,400
2010-2014 85,147
Since 2015 165,802
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 54.6%
Noncitizens 45.4%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 13.5%
1980-1989 17.4%
1990-1999 24.5%
2000-2009 15.2%
Since 2010 29.5%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 518,315
Naturalized citizens 234,711
Noncitizens 283,604
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 45.3%
Noncitizens 54.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 313,494
Naturalized citizens 127,005
Noncitizens 186,489
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 40.5%
Noncitizens 59.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 294,291
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 21,554
% married among women who gave birth
74.6%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
25.4%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 1,145,200
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 50,273
% married among women who gave birth 66.1%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 33.9%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S Census Bureau’s pooled 2018-2022 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2022 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3.22
Average family size 3.58
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.39
Average family size 3.02
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers to children between ages 0 and 17 (regardless of their nativity) who reside with at least one parent. This means that the number of children shown here is smaller than the overall number of U.S. children under 18. Since 2013, the U.S. Census Bureau includes children of same-sex married couples in its count of children in families and subfamilies.

 
Children under age 18 with 1,286,640
Only native parent(s)
868,916
One or more foreign-born parents
417,724

Child is native

349,703

Child is foreign born

68,021
Children under age 6 with 407,087
Only native parent(s)
272,502
One or more foreign-born parents
134,585

Child is native

123,587

Child is foreign born

10,998
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 879,553
Only native parent(s)
596,414
One or more foreign-born parents
283,139

Child is native

226,116

Child is foreign born

57,023
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers to children between ages 0 and 17 (regardless of their nativity) who reside with at least one parent. This means that the number of children shown here is smaller than the overall number of U.S. children under 18. Since 2013, the U.S. Census Bureau includes children of same-sex married couples in its count of children in families and subfamilies. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

361,354
Only native parents 216,223
One or more foreign-born parents 145,131
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 67.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 32.5%
Child is native 27.2%
Child is foreign born 5.3%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 66.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 33.1%
Child is native 30.4%
Child is foreign born 2.7%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 67.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 32.2%
Child is native 25.7%
Child is foreign born 6.5%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 59.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 40.2%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,278,940
Only native parent(s) 1,086,837
One or more foreign-born parents 192,103
Child is native 150,914
Child is foreign born 41,189
Children under age 6 with 402,464
Only native parent(s) 336,843
One or more foreign-born parents 65,621
Child is native 60,278
Child is foreign born 5,343
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 876,476
Only native parent(s) 749,994
One or more foreign-born parents 126,482
Child is native 90,636
Child is foreign born 35,846
Children in Low-Income Families* 319,092
Only native parents 268,021
One or more foreign-born parents 51,071
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 85.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 15.0%
Child is native 11.8%
Child is foreign born 3.2%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 83.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 16.3%
Child is native 15.0%
Child is foreign born 1.3%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 85.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 14.4%
Child is native 10.3%
Child is foreign born 4.1%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 84.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 16.0%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,115,678
Only native parent(s) 996,077
One or more foreign-born parents 119,601
Child is native 91,130
Child is foreign born 28,471
Children under age 6 with 411,266
Only native parent(s) 368,985
One or more foreign-born parents 42,281
Child is native 37,779
Child is foreign born 4,502
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 704,412
Only native parent(s) 627,092
One or more foreign-born parents 77,320
Child is native 53,351
Child is foreign born 23,969
Children in Low-Income Families* 279,529
Only native parents 251,543
One or more foreign-born parents 27,986
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 89.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 10.7%
Child is native 8.2%
Child is foreign born 2.6%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 89.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 10.3%
Child is native 9.2%
Child is foreign born 1.1%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 89.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 11.0%
Child is native 7.6%
Child is foreign born 3.4%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 90.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 10.0%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2022 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, click here. For ACS methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Matthew Sobek, Daniel Backman, Annie Chen, Grace Cooper, Stephanie Richards, Renae Rogers, and Megan Schouweiler. IPUMS USA: Version 14.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2023. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V14.0​.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • Race and Hispanic origin: In preparation for the 2020 Decennial Census, the Census Bureau has made some improvements and changes in how the respondents were asked about their race and Hispanic origin on the 2020 decennial Census form. The goal was to achieve a more accurate portrait of how U.S. residents self-identify. The same changes in the questionnaire design were implemented in the subsequent ACS as well. Note that the racial composition of the U.S. population in the current ACS looks different from pre-2020 data. For instance, the proportion of people who reported “two or more races” has increased, while the proportion of “white alone” decreased, reflecting both the growth of a more racially diverse population and the changes in the questionnaire design. Race and Hispanic origin comparisons between the current ACS and pre-2020 data should be made with caution, taking into account the changes in the questionnaire design. For more details, visit the Census Bureau’s Resource Library.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2018-2022 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2022 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Children: The data here include children between ages 0 and 17 (regardless of their nativity) who reside with at least one parent. This means that the number of children shown here is smaller than the overall number of U.S. children under 18. Since 2013, the U.S. Census Bureau has included children of same-sex married couples in its count of children in families and subfamilies.