E.g., 04/17/2019
E.g., 04/17/2019

State Demographics Data - MD

Maryland

Demographics & Social
2017
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 927,936
% Foreign Born 15.3%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2017 79.0%
% change: 1990-2000 65.3%
Race (%)  
One race 97.8%
White
25.8%
Black or African American
24.4%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.4%
Asian
29.5%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.0%
Other race
17.6%
Two or more races 2.2%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 290,254
% Latino 31.3%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.8%
5-17 6.3%
18-64 79.5%
65 and older 13.3%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

43.1
Gender (% female) 51.8%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 26.0%
Married 60.0%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 14.0%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 5,124,241
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 7.2%
% change: 1990-2000 6.9%
Race (%)  
One race 96.4%
White 60.2%
Black or African American 30.8%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.3%
Asian 2.3%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.0%
Other race 2.8%
Two or more races 3.6%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 322,455
% Latino 6.3%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 6.9%
5-17 18.1%
18-64 59.8%
65 and older 15.2%
Median Age 37.1
Gender (% female) 51.4%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 37.3%
Married 44.2%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 18.5%
Foreign Born
Number 518,315
% Foreign Born 9.8%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 4,778,171
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 313,494
% Foreign Born 6.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 4,467,974
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

927,936
Born in Africa 161,993
Born in Asia 303,807
Born in Europe 85,064
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 364,853
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 8,879
Born in Oceania 3,340
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1 El Salvador
Country #2 India
Country #3 China (exc. Taiwan)
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

927,936
Europe 85,064
Northern Europe 17,815
United Kingdom
13,540
Ireland
2,244
Other Northern Europe
2,031
Western Europe 18,395
France
4,849
Germany
9,224
Other Western Europe
4,322
Southern Europe 13,271
Italy
3,988
Portugal
2,034
Other Southern Europe
7,249
Eastern Europe 35,383
Poland
4,033
Russia
9,997
Other Eastern Europe
21,353
Other Europe (no country specified) 200
Asia 303,807
Eastern Asia 97,605
China
58,159

China, excluding Taiwan

49,829

Taiwan

8,330
Japan
4,948
Korea
34,316
Other Eastern Asia
182
South Central Asia 117,874
India
63,698
Iran
11,543
Other South Central Asia
42,633
Southeastern Asia 73,414
Philippines
39,992
Vietnam
18,229
Other Southeastern Asia
15,193
Western Asia 14,659
Israel
2,986
Lebanon
1,036
Other Western Asia
10,637
Other Asia (no country specified) 255
Africa 161,993
Eastern Africa 36,020
Northern Africa
10,887
Western Africa
84,101
Middle and Southern Africa
24,212
Other Africa (no country specified)
6,773
Oceania 3,340
Australia and New Zealand subregion 3,003
Oceania (no country specified) 337
Americas 373,732
Latin America 364,853
Caribbean
76,063

Cuba

3,940

Jamaica

29,976

Other Caribbean

42,147
Central America
222,982

Mexico

37,590

El Salvador

109,141

Other Central America

76,251
South America
65,808

Brazil

8,158

Colombia

9,650

Other South America

48,000
Northern America 8,879
Canada
8,513
Other Northern America
366
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 229,989
1990-1999 196,963
2000-2009 284,261
Since 2010 216,723
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 17.5%
Born in Asia 32.7%
Born in Europe 9.2%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 39.3%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 1.0%
Born in Oceania 0.4%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 12.8
Country #2 6.10%
Country #3 5.4
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 9.2%
Northern Europe 1.9%
United Kingdom 1.5%
Ireland 0.2%
Other Northern Europe 0.2%
Western Europe 2.0%
France 0.5%
Germany 1.0%
Other Western Europe 0.5%
Southern Europe 1.4%
Italy 0.4%
Portugal 0.2%
Other Southern Europe 0.8%
Eastern Europe 3.8%
Poland 0.4%
Russia 1.1%
Other Eastern Europe 2.3%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.0%
Asia 32.7%
Eastern Asia 10.5%
China 6.3%
China, excluding Taiwan 5.4%
Taiwan 0.9%
Japan 0.5%
Korea 3.7%
Other Eastern Asia 0.0%
South Central Asia 12.7%
India 6.9%
Iran 1.2%
Other South Central Asia 4.6%
Southeastern Asia 7.9%
Philippines 4.3%
Vietnam 2.0%
Other Southeastern Asia 1.6%
Western Asia 1.6%
Israel 0.3%
Lebanon 0.1%
Other Western Asia 1.1%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.0%
Africa 17.5%
Eastern Africa 3.9%
Northern Africa 1.2%
Western Africa 9.1%
Middle and Southern Africa 2.6%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.7%
Oceania 0.4%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.3%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.0%
Americas 40.3%
Latin America 39.3%
Caribbean 8.2%
Cuba 0.4%
Jamaica 3.2%
Other Caribbean 4.5%
Central America 24.0%
Mexico 4.1%
El Salvador 11.8%
Other Central America 8.2%
South America 7.1%
Brazil 0.9%
Colombia 1.0%
Other South America 5.2%
Northern America 1.0%
Canada 0.9%
Other Northern America 0.0%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 24.8%
1980-1989 21.2%
1990-1999 30.6%
Since 2000 23.4%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 518,315
Born in Africa 62,688
Born in Asia 181,504
Born in Europe 86,840
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 176,026
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 9,300
Cat28 1,957
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 El Salvador
Country #2 India
Country #3 Korea
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 12.1%
Born in Asia 35.0%
Born in Europe 16.8%
Born in Latin America 34.0%
Born in Northern America 1.8%
Born in Oceania 0.4%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 8.10%
Country #2 6.20%
Country #3 6
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 303,480
Born in Africa 23,173
Born in Asia 110,826
Born in Europe 74,318
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 86,678
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 7,287
Cat21 1,198
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 366
Country #2 India
Country #3 Germany
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 7.6%
Born in Asia 36.5%
Born in Europe 24.5%
Born in Latin America 28.6%
Born in Northern America 2.4%
Born in Oceania 0.4%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 6.70%
Country #2 5.70%
Country #3 5.20%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 927,936
Naturalized citizens 487,180
Noncitizens 440,756
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 487,180
Before 1980 38,334
1980-1989 46,697
1990-1999 91,689
2000-2009 154,283
Since 2010 156,177
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 52.5%
Noncitizens 47.5%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 7.9%
1980-1989 9.6%
1990-1999 18.8%
2000-2009 31.7%
Since 2010 32.1%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 518,315
Naturalized citizens 234,711
Noncitizens 283,604
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 45.3%
Noncitizens 54.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 313,494
Naturalized citizens 127,005
Noncitizens 186,489
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 40.5%
Noncitizens 59.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 283,495
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 17,826
% married among women who gave birth
75.4%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
24.6%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 1,162,393
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 57,042
% married among women who gave birth 65.0%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 35.0%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2012-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3.37
Average family size 3.77
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.54
Average family size 3.17
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 1,287,559
Only native parent(s)
908,527
One or more foreign-born parents
379,032

Child is native

320,931

Child is foreign born

58,101
Children under age 6 with 419,914
Only native parent(s)
288,375
One or more foreign-born parents
131,539

Child is native

122,515

Child is foreign born

9,024
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 867,645
Only native parent(s)
620,152
One or more foreign-born parents
247,493

Child is native

198,416

Child is foreign born

49,077
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

370,205
Only native parents 237,805
One or more foreign-born parents 132,400
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 70.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 29.4%
Child is native 24.9%
Child is foreign born 4.5%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 68.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 31.3%
Child is native 29.2%
Child is foreign born 2.1%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 71.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 28.5%
Child is native 22.9%
Child is foreign born 5.7%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 64.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 35.8%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,278,940
Only native parent(s) 1,086,837
One or more foreign-born parents 192,103
Child is native 150,914
Child is foreign born 41,189
Children under age 6 with 402,464
Only native parent(s) 336,843
One or more foreign-born parents 65,621
Child is native 60,278
Child is foreign born 5,343
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 876,476
Only native parent(s) 749,994
One or more foreign-born parents 126,482
Child is native 90,636
Child is foreign born 35,846
Children in Low-Income Families* 319,092
Only native parents 268,021
One or more foreign-born parents 51,071
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 85.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 15.0%
Child is native 11.8%
Child is foreign born 3.2%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 83.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 16.3%
Child is native 15.0%
Child is foreign born 1.3%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 85.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 14.4%
Child is native 10.3%
Child is foreign born 4.1%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 84.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 16.0%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,115,678
Only native parent(s) 996,077
One or more foreign-born parents 119,601
Child is native 91,130
Child is foreign born 28,471
Children under age 6 with 411,266
Only native parent(s) 368,985
One or more foreign-born parents 42,281
Child is native 37,779
Child is foreign born 4,502
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 704,412
Only native parent(s) 627,092
One or more foreign-born parents 77,320
Child is native 53,351
Child is foreign born 23,969
Children in Low-Income Families* 279,529
Only native parents 251,543
One or more foreign-born parents 27,986
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 89.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 10.7%
Child is native 8.2%
Child is foreign born 2.6%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 89.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 10.3%
Child is native 9.2%
Child is foreign born 1.1%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 89.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 11.0%
Child is native 7.6%
Child is foreign born 3.4%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 90.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 10.0%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2017 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas, and Matthew Sobek. Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS) USA: Version 8.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2018. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V8.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.