E.g., 11/21/2017
E.g., 11/21/2017

State Language Data - MD

Maryland

Language & Education
2015
2000
1990
English Proficiency

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 904,285
Speak only English 19.5%
Speak English "very well" 41.8%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 38.7%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2015 81.7%
% change: 1990-2000 87.9%
English Proficiency of the Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status (age 5 and older)*

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English. Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2015 ACS.

 
Naturalized citizens 446,710
Speak only English 26.1%
Speak English "very well" 47.9%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 26%
Noncitizens 457,575
Speak only English 13%
Speak English "very well" 36%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 51.0%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 4,735,489
Speak only English 93.3%
Speak English ""very well"" 5.8%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.8%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 -26.5%
% change: 1990-2000 20.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 511,881
Speak only English 22.5%
"Speak English ""very well"" 39.9%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 37.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 4,433,162
Speak only English 94.9%
"Speak English ""very well"" 3.9%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 307,273
Speak only English 27.9%
"Speak English ""very well"" 38.8%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 33.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 4,116,970
Speak only English 95.8%
"Speak English ""very well"" 3.1%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (by age and English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Ages 5-17 981,105
Speak only English 799,945
Speak language other than English 181,160
Speak English "very well"
149,994
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
31,166
Speak Spanish 98,133
Speak English "very well"
79,362
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
18,771
Ages 18-64 3,811,684
Speak only English 3,049,811
Speak language other than English 761,873
Speak English "very well"
457,513
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
304,360
Speak Spanish 322,884
Speak English "very well"
149,333
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
173,551
65 and Older 846,985
Speak only English 745,460
Speak language other than English 101,525
Speak English "very well"
47,749
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
53,776
Speak Spanish 22,279
Speak English "very well"
8,817
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
13,462
%
65 and Older 100%
Speak only English 81.5%
Speak language other than English 18.5%
Speak English "very well" 15.3%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 3.2%
Speak Spanish 10.0%
Speak English "very well" 8.1%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.9%
Ages 18-64 100%
Speak only English 80.0%
Speak language other than English 20.0%
Speak English "very well" 12.0%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 8.0%
Speak Spanish 8.5%
Speak English "very well" 3.9%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 4.6%
Ages 5-17 100%
Speak only English 88.0%
Speak language other than English 12.0%
Speak English "very well" 5.6%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 6.3%
Speak Spanish 2.6%
Speak English "very well" 1.0%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.6%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Total Household Population, Age 5 and Older 5,639,774
Speak only English 4,595,216
Speak language other than English 1,044,558
Spanish or Spanish Creole 443,296
Speak English "very well" 237,512
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 205,784
French (Including Patois and Cajun) 52,702
Speak English "very well" 40,895
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 11,807
French Creole 19,035
Speak English "very well" 12,163
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 6,872
Italian 9,332
Speak English "very well" 6,910
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,422
Portuguese or Portuguese Creole 11,727
Speak English "very well" 8,560
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,167
German 16,424
Speak English "very well" 14,408
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,016
Yiddish 688
Speak English "very well" 643
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 45
Other West Germanic Languages 3,254
Speak English "very well" 2,289
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 965
Scandinavian Languages 1,274
Speak English "very well" 1,156
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 118
Greek 9,237
Speak English "very well" 6,794
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,443
Russian 23,857
Speak English "very well" 14,874
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 8,983
Polish 3,930
Speak English "very well" 3,069
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 861
Serbo-Croatian 1,283
Speak English "very well" 1,004
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 279
Other Slavic Languages 5,034
Speak English "very well" 4,285
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 749
Armenian 2,522
Speak English "very well" 1,745
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 777
Persian 15,364
Speak English "very well" 10,282
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 5,082
Gujarati 12,684
Speak English "very well" 7,610
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 5,074
Hindi 22,481
Speak English "very well" 18,507
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,974
Urdu 20,405
Speak English "very well" 14,763
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 5,642
Other Indic Languages 30,319
Speak English "very well" 20,527
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 9,792
Other Indo-European Languages 8,826
Speak English "very well" 7,162
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,664
Chinese 68,767
Speak English "very well" 38,271
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 30,496
Japanese 5,817
Speak English "very well" 3,846
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,971
Korean 37,467
Speak English "very well" 18,247
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 19,220
Mon-Khmer, Cambodian 2,816
Speak English "very well" 2,066
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 750
Hmong 111
Speak English "very well" 111
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Thai 3,840
Speak English "very well" 1,851
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,989
Laotian 678
Speak English "very well" 603
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 75
Vietnamese 22,275
Speak English "very well" 10,325
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 11,950
Other Asian Languages 32,831
Speak English "very well" 24,443
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 8,388
Tagalog 33,760
Speak English "very well" 25,475
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 8,285
Other Pacific Island Languages 5,073
Speak English "very well" 3,336
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,737
Navajo 495
Speak English "very well" 495
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Other Native North American Languages 321
Speak English "very well" 233
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 88
Hungarian 1,035
Speak English "very well" 836
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 199
Arabic 18,743
Speak English "very well" 13,536
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 5,207
Hebrew 6,860
Speak English "very well" 6,242
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 618
African Languages 87,226
Speak English "very well" 68,777
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 18,449
Other and Unspecified Languages 2,769
Speak English "very well" 1,405
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,364
%
Field 306 100%
Field 307 81.5%
Field 308 18.5%
Field 310 100%
Field 310 53.6%
Field 310 46.4%
Field 313 100%
Field 314 77.6%
Field 315 22.4%
Field 316 100%
Field 316 63.9%
Field 316 36.1%
Field 319 100%
Field 319 74.0%
Field 319 26.0%
Field 322 100%
Field 322 73.0%
Field 322 27.0%
Field 325 100%
Field 325 87.7%
Field 325 12.3%
Field 328 100%
Field 328 93.5%
Field 328 6.5%
Field 331 100%
Field 331 70.3%
Field 331 29.7%
Field 334 100%
Field 334 90.7%
Field 334 9.3%
Field 337 100%
Field 337 73.6%
Field 337 26.4%
Field 340 100%
Field 340 62.3%
Field 340 37.7%
Field 343 100%
Field 343 78.1%
Field 343 21.9%
Field 346 100%
Field 346 78.3%
Field 346 21.7%
Field 349 100%
Field 349 85.1%
Field 349 14.9%
Field 352 100%
Field 352 69.2%
Field 352 30.8%
Field 355 100%
Field 355 66.9%
Field 355 33.1%
Field 358 100%
Field 358 60.0%
Field 358 40.0%
Field 361 100%
Field 361 82.3%
Field 361 17.7%
Field 364 100%
Field 364 72.3%
Field 364 27.7%
Field 367 100%
Field 367 67.7%
Field 367 32.3%
Field 370 100%
Field 370 81.1%
Field 370 18.9%
Field 373 100%
Field 373 55.7%
Field 373 44.3%
Field 376 100%
Field 376 66.1%
Field 376 33.9%
Field 379 100%
Field 379 48.7%
Field 379 51.3%
Field 382 100%
Field 382 73.4%
Field 382 26.6%
Field 385 100%
Field 385 100.0%
Field 385 N
Field 388 100%
Field 388 48.2%
Field 388 51.8%
Field 391 100%
Field 391 88.9%
Field 391 11.1%
Field 394 100%
Field 394 46.4%
Field 394 53.6%
Field 397 100%
Field 397 74.5%
Field 397 25.5%
Field 400 100%
Field 400 75.5%
Field 400 24.5%
Field 403 100%
Field 403 65.8%
Field 403 34.2%
Field 406 100%
Field 406 100.0%
Field 406 N
Field 409 100%
Field 409 72.6%
Field 409 27.4%
Field 412 100%
Field 412 80.8%
Field 412 19.2%
Field 415 100%
Field 415 72.2%
Field 415 27.8%
Field 418 100%
Field 418 91.0%
Field 418 9.0%
Field 421 100%
Field 421 78.8%
Field 421 21.2%
Field 424 100%
Field 424 50.7%
Field 424 49.3%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Educational Attainment Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 783,536
Less than high school diploma 20.9%
High school diploma or GED 19.1%
Some college or associate's degree 17.9%
Bachelor's degree 21.3%
Graduate or professional degree 20.8%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 38.5%
Bachelor's degree or higher 20.7%
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2015 80.9%
% change: 1990-2000 68.7%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2015 98.2%
% change: 1990-2000 82.5%
Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status (foreign-born adults, age 25 and older)

Note: 1) 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2015 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Naturalized citizens (%) 408,438
Less than high school diploma 11.3%
High school diploma or GED 17.5%
Some college or associate's degree 21%
Bachelor's degree 25.7%
Graduate or professional degree 24.5%
Noncitizens (%) 375,098
Less than high school diploma 31.3%
High school diploma or GED 21%
Some college or associate's degree 14.6%
Bachelor's degree 16.4%
Graduate or professional degree 16.7%
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 3,318,950
Less than high school diploma 7.9%
High school diploma or GED 26.5%
Some college or associate's degree 27.6%
Bachelor's degree 21.1%
Graduate or professional degree 17.0%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Nothing  
Nothing  
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2011 -44.7%
% change: 1990-2000 -23.4%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2011 35.7%
% change: 1990-2000 25.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 413,130
Less than high school diploma 21.9%
High school diploma or GED 17.7%
Some college or associate's degree 20.2%
Bachelor's degree 19.4%
Graduate or professional degree 20.9%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 16.1%
Bachelor's degree or higher 15.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 3,082,441
Less than high school diploma 15.4%
High school diploma or GED 27.9%
Some college or associate's degree 26.6%
Bachelor's degree 17.7%
Graduate or professional degree 12.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 247,691
Less than high school diploma 21.7%
High school diploma or GED 19.4%
Some college or associate's degree 22.2%
Bachelor's degree 17.8%
Graduate or professional degree 19.0%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 8.0%
Bachelor's degree or higher 11.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 2,876,478
Less than high school diploma 21.5%
High school diploma or GED 28.7%
Some college or associate's degree 24.1%
Bachelor's degree 15.5%
Graduate or professional degree 10.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2015 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English “not at all,” “not well,” or “well” on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English “very well” are considered proficient in English.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “English proficiency of the foreign born by U.S. citizenship status” and “Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2015 ACS.