E.g., 09/20/2021
E.g., 09/20/2021
State Income Data - HI
 

Hawaii

Income & Poverty
2019
2000
1990
Poverty

Note: Poverty status is not determined for unrelated individuals under the age of 15 (such as foster children) or for persons lacking conventional housing.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%)

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.

267,199
Below 100% of the poverty level 11.9%
100-199% of the poverty level 13.2%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 74.9%
People in Poverty: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2019 24.0%
% change: 1990-2000 45.4%
% Families in Poverty by Family Type

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.

 
All families (among those for whom poverty status is determined) 10.3%
With related children under age 18
13.7%
With related children under age 5
10.4%
Married-couple families 8.2%
With related children under age 18
9.3%
With related children under age 5
N
Families with female householder, no husband present 18.1%
With related children under age 18
30.2%
With related children under age 5
47.0%
Poverty by U.S. Citizenship Status (among the foreign born)  
Naturalized citizens 158,019
Below 100% of the poverty level
9.1%
100-199% of the poverty level
12.1%
At or above 200% of the poverty level
78.8%
Noncitizens 109,180
Below 100% of the poverty level
16.0%
100-199% of the poverty level
14.7%
At or above 200% of the poverty level
69.3%
Foreign Born Living in Poverty by Region of Birth

Note: The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Born in Africa N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N
Born in Asia 204,652
Below 100% of the poverty level
8.4%
Born in Europe 12,252
Below 100% of the poverty level
12.2%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N
Born in Oceania N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 1,111,879
Below 100% of the poverty level 8.7%
100-199% of the poverty level 11.0%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 80.3%
People in Poverty: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 -4.3%
% change: 1990-2000 52.9%
% Families in Poverty by Family Type  
All families (among those for whom poverty status is determined) 5.3%
With related children under age 18
9.5%
With related children under age 5
7.3%
Married-couple families 2.8%
With related children under age 18
3.3%
With related children under age 5
3.0%
Families with female householder, no husband present 15.5%
With related children under age 18
26.0%
With related children under age 5
24.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 210,238
Below 100% of the poverty level 12.2%
100-199% of the poverty level 17.6%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 70.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 972,225
Below 100% of the poverty level 10.4%
100-199% of the poverty level 14.9%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 74.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 160,416
Below 100% of the poverty level 11.0%
100-199% of the poverty level 15.5%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 73.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 906,058
Below 100% of the poverty level 7.3%
100-199% of the poverty level 13.8%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 78.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Poverty by Language Spoken at Home Number
Household population (among those for whom poverty status is determined, age 5 and older) 1,296,157
Below 100% of the poverty level 118,858
Speaks only English
934,786
Below 100% of the poverty level 76,620
Speaks Spanish
28,563
Below 100% of the poverty level 3,173
Speaks other Indo-European languages
16,938
Below 100% of the poverty level 2,741
Speaks Asian or Pacific Island languages
296,274
Below 100% of the poverty level 33,139
Speaks other languages
19,596
Below 100% of the poverty level 3,185
%
Household population (among those for whom poverty status is determined, age 5 and older) 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 9.2%
Speaks only English 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 8.2%
Speaks only Spanish 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 11.1%
Speaks other Indo-European languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 16.2%
Speaks Asian or Pacific Island languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 11.2%
Speaks other languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 16.3%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Earnings

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.

Foreign Born
Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older). Earnings in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) 121,331
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss 2.4%
Earned $10,000-$14,999 1.9%
Earned $15,000-$24,999 12.2%
Earned $25,000-$34,999 18.6%
Earned $35,000-$49,999 26.4%
Earned $50,000-$74,999 18.9%
Earned $75,000 or more 19.4%
Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) Earnings in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) by U.S. Citizenship  
Naturalized citizens (%) 75,037
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss
2.4%
Earned $10,000-$14,999
1.5%
Earned $15,000-$24,999
9.8%
Earned $25,000-$34,999
17.1%
Earned $35,000-$49,999
25.8%
Earned $50,000-$74,999
20.5%
Earned $75,000 or more
22.9%
Noncitizens (%) 46,294
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss
2.6%
Earned $10,000-$14,999
2.6%
Earned $15,000-$24,999
16.2%
Earned $25,000-$34,999
21.1%
Earned $35,000-$49,999
27.4%
Earned $50,000-$74,999
16.3%
Earned $75,000 or more
13.8%
Median Earnings of Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars by Gender Foreign Born
Male $45,990
Female $41,205
Median Earnings of Foreign-Born Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars by U.S. Citizenship Status and Gender  
Naturalized citizens  
Male
$50,208
Female
$42,709
Noncitizens  
Male
$40,286
Female
$38,221
U.S. Born
Earnings of Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) 418,813
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss 1.7%
Earned $10,000-$14,999 1.4%
Earned $15,000-$24,999 8.7%
Earned $25,000-$34,999 13.8%
Earned $35,000-$49,999 20.4%
Earned $50,000-$74,999 25.9%
Earned $75,000 or more 28.1%
Nothing 1  
Nothing 2  
Nothing 3  
Nothing 4  
Nothing 5  
Nothing 6  
Nothing 7  
Nothing 8  
Nothing 9  
Nothing 10  
Nothing 11  
Nothing 12  
Nothing 13  
Nothing 14  
Nothing 15  
Nothing 16  
Nothing 17  
Native Born Native Born
Male $54,259
Female $50,193
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Median Household Income

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.

Foreign Born
Median Household Income $73,290
Median Household Income by U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized citizens $82,354
Noncitizens $62,027
U.S. Born
Median Household Income $85,050
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
Home Ownership Rate

Note: 1) Refers to the percentage owner households represent among all occupied households. 2) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS. 3) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Home Ownership Rate 57.4%
Home Ownership Rate by Householder's U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized citizens 67.0%
Noncitizens 35.2%
U.S. Born
Home Ownership Rate 60.9%
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
Health Insurance Coverage

Note: Since some people may hold both private and public health insurance coverage at the same time, estimates of those with private health insurance and those with public coverage may overlap. Their sum therefore may be greater than the total number of people with health insurance.

Foreign Born
Civilian noninstitutionalized population (%) 269,342
With health insurance 93.4%
With private health insurance
72.6%
With public coverage
35.7%
No health insurance coverage 6.6%
Health Insurance Coverage by U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized Citizens (%) 158,058
With health insurance 96.1%
With private health insurance
75.2%
With public coverage
41.3%
No health insurance coverage 3.9%
Noncitizens (%) 111,284
With health insurance 89.7%
With private health insurance
68.9%
With public coverage
27.7%
No health insurance coverage 10.3%
U.S. Born
Civilian noninstitutionalized population (%) 1,089,373
With health insurance 96.4%
With private health insurance
77.0%
With public coverage
36.4%
No health insurance coverage 3.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2019 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas and Matthew Sobek. IPUMS USA: Version 10.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2020. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V10.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • Poverty status is not determined for unrelated individuals under the age of 15 (such as foster children) or for persons lacking conventional housing. 
  • The term “home ownership rate” refers to the percentage owner households represent among all occupied households.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Poverty,” “Earnings,” “Median Household Income,” and “Home Ownership Rate”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.
  • In the “% Families in Poverty by Family Type” section, “related children” refer to “related children of the householder.”
  • “Health Insurance Coverage”: Private coverage includes employer- or union-provided insurance, insurance purchased directly, and TRICARE (the health program of the U.S. military) or other military health care. Public coverage includes Medicare, Medicaid, or another governmental medical assistance program, and Veterans Administration health care. Individuals can be covered by more than one type of insurance, and they can be covered by both private and public insurers. Since some people may hold both private and public health insurance coverage at the same time, estimates of those with private health insurance and those with public coverage may overlap. Their sum therefore may be greater than the total number of people with health insurance.