E.g., 06/24/2019
E.g., 06/24/2019

State Demographics Data - HI

Hawaii

Demographics & Social
2017
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 265,565
% Foreign Born 18.6%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2017 25.1%
% change: 1990-2000 30.4%
Race (%)  
One race 97.7%
White
9.3%
Black or African American
0.6%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.1%
Asian
78.8%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
7.5%
Other race
1.3%
Two or more races 2.3%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 13,278
% Latino 5.0%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.8%
5-17 3.7%
18-64 72.1%
65 and older 23.5%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

50.4
Gender (% female) 58.9%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 19.8%
Married 61.3%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 18.8%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 1,161,973
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 16.3%
% change: 1990-2000 5.7%
Race (%)  
One race 72.0%
White 28.6%
Black or African American 1.9%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.2%
Asian 28.9%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 10.8%
Other race 1.6%
Two or more races 28.0%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 136,847
% Latino 11.8%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 7.5%
5-17 17.8%
18-64 58.2%
65 and older 16.5%
Median Age 35.2
Gender (% female) 47.7%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 37.5%
Married 45.9%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 16.6%
Foreign Born
Number 212,229
% Foreign Born 17.5%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
U.S. Born
Number 999,308
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Foreign Born
Number 162,704
% Foreign Born 14.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 945,525
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

265,565
Born in Africa 1,628
Born in Asia 212,564
Born in Europe 11,022
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 11,876
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 5,543
Born in Oceania 22,932
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1 Philippines
Country #2 Japan
Country #3 China (exc. Taiwan)
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

265,565
Europe 11,022
Northern Europe 2,487
United Kingdom
1,834
Ireland
87
Other Northern Europe
566
Western Europe 3,577
France
670
Germany
2,424
Other Western Europe
483
Southern Europe 2,047
Italy
1,053
Portugal
0
Other Southern Europe
994
Eastern Europe 2,911
Poland
466
Russia
620
Other Eastern Europe
1,825
Other Europe (no country specified) 0
Asia 212,564
Eastern Asia 68,142
China
25,494

China, excluding Taiwan

21,958

Taiwan

3,536
Japan
21,635
Korea
20,931
Other Eastern Asia
82
South Central Asia 2,795
India
1,676
Iran
529
Other South Central Asia
590
Southeastern Asia 140,982
Philippines
124,264
Vietnam
11,432
Other Southeastern Asia
5,286
Western Asia 645
Israel
314
Lebanon
0
Other Western Asia
331
Other Asia (no country specified) 0
Africa 1,628
Eastern Africa 313
Northern Africa
632
Western Africa
220
Middle and Southern Africa
463
Other Africa (no country specified)
0
Oceania 22,932
Australia and New Zealand subregion 2,033
Oceania (no country specified) 20,899
Americas 17,419
Latin America 11,876
Caribbean
1,986

Cuba

189

Jamaica

210

Other Caribbean

1,587
Central America
6,405

Mexico

4,801

El Salvador

288

Other Central America

1,316
South America
3,485

Brazil

1,053

Colombia

927

Other South America

1,505
Northern America 5,543
Canada
5,366
Other Northern America
177
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 108,089
1990-1999 50,451
2000-2009 54,793
Since 2010 52,232
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 0.6%
Born in Asia 80.0%
Born in Europe 4.2%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 4.5%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 2.1%
Born in Oceania 8.6%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 46.3
Country #2 8.60%
Country #3 7.6
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 4.2%
Northern Europe 0.9%
United Kingdom 0.7%
Ireland 0.0%
Other Northern Europe 0.2%
Western Europe 1.3%
France 0.3%
Germany 0.9%
Other Western Europe 0.2%
Southern Europe 0.8%
Italy 0.4%
Portugal 0.0%
Other Southern Europe 0.4%
Eastern Europe 1.1%
Poland 0.2%
Russia 0.2%
Other Eastern Europe 0.7%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.0%
Asia 80.0%
Eastern Asia 25.7%
China 9.6%
China, excluding Taiwan 8.3%
Taiwan 1.3%
Japan 8.1%
Korea 7.9%
Other Eastern Asia 0.0%
South Central Asia 1.1%
India 0.6%
Iran 0.2%
Other South Central Asia 0.2%
Southeastern Asia 53.1%
Philippines 46.8%
Vietnam 4.3%
Other Southeastern Asia 2.0%
Western Asia 0.2%
Israel 0.1%
Lebanon 0.0%
Other Western Asia 0.1%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.0%
Africa 0.6%
Eastern Africa 0.1%
Northern Africa 0.2%
Western Africa 0.1%
Middle and Southern Africa 0.2%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.0%
Oceania 8.6%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.8%
Oceania (no country specified) 7.9%
Americas 6.6%
Latin America 4.5%
Caribbean 0.7%
Cuba 0.1%
Jamaica 0.1%
Other Caribbean 0.6%
Central America 2.4%
Mexico 1.8%
El Salvador 0.1%
Other Central America 0.5%
South America 1.3%
Brazil 0.4%
Colombia 0.3%
Other South America 0.6%
Northern America 2.1%
Canada 2.0%
Other Northern America 0.1%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 40.7%
1980-1989 19.0%
1990-1999 20.6%
Since 2000 19.7%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 212,229
Born in Africa 1,040
Born in Asia 176,707
Born in Europe 10,479
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 6,788
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 3,763
Cat28 13,452
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Philippines
Country #2 Japan
Country #3 China (exc. Taiwan)
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 0.5%
Born in Asia 83.3%
Born in Europe 4.9%
Born in Latin America 3.2%
Born in Northern America 1.8%
Born in Oceania 6.3%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 48.1
Country #2 9.70%
Country #3 8.1
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 158,428
Born in Africa 699
Born in Asia 133,735
Born in Europe 8,382
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 3,396
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 3,979
Cat21 8,237
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 177
Country #2 Japan
Country #3 Korea
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 0.4%
Born in Asia 84.4%
Born in Europe 5.3%
Born in Latin America 2.1%
Born in Northern America 2.5%
Born in Oceania 5.2%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 45.2
Country #2 11.2
Country #3 8.00%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 265,565
Naturalized citizens 161,063
Noncitizens 104,502
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 161,063
Before 1980 28,089
1980-1989 34,588
1990-1999 35,864
2000-2009 32,345
Since 2010 30,177
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 60.6%
Noncitizens 39.4%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 17.4%
1980-1989 21.5%
1990-1999 22.3%
2000-2009 20.1%
Since 2010 18.7%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 212,229
Naturalized citizens 127,532
Noncitizens 84,697
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 60.1%
Noncitizens 39.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 162,704
Naturalized citizens 89,983
Noncitizens 72,721
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 55.3%
Noncitizens 44.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 73,292
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 3,696
% married among women who gave birth
81.1%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
18.9%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 245,040
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 15,976
% married among women who gave birth 72.1%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 27.9%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2012-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3.64
Average family size 4.2
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.86
Average family size 3.44
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 283,254
Only native parent(s)
202,321
One or more foreign-born parents
80,933

Child is native

71,510

Child is foreign born

9,423
Children under age 6 with 101,987
Only native parent(s)
75,549
One or more foreign-born parents
26,438

Child is native

24,891

Child is foreign born

1,547
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 181,267
Only native parent(s)
126,772
One or more foreign-born parents
54,495

Child is native

46,619

Child is foreign born

7,876
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

76,873
Only native parents 56,789
One or more foreign-born parents 20,084
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 71.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 28.6%
Child is native 25.2%
Child is foreign born 3.3%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 74.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 25.9%
Child is native 24.4%
Child is foreign born 1.5%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 69.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 30.1%
Child is native 25.7%
Child is foreign born 4.3%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 73.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 26.1%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 277,499
Only native parent(s) 200,000
One or more foreign-born parents 77,499
Child is native 64,548
Child is foreign born 12,951
Children under age 6 with 88,825
Only native parent(s) 64,339
One or more foreign-born parents 24,486
Child is native 22,843
Child is foreign born 1,643
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 188,674
Only native parent(s) 135,661
One or more foreign-born parents 53,013
Child is native 41,705
Child is foreign born 11,308
Children in Low-Income Families* 93,105
Only native parents 67,181
One or more foreign-born parents 25,924
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 72.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 27.9%
Child is native 23.3%
Child is foreign born 4.7%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 72.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 27.6%
Child is native 25.7%
Child is foreign born 1.8%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 71.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 28.1%
Child is native 22.1%
Child is foreign born 6.0%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 72.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 27.8%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 268,010
Only native parent(s) 201,612
One or more foreign-born parents 66,398
Child is native 54,779
Child is foreign born 11,619
Children under age 6 with 95,186
Only native parent(s) 73,956
One or more foreign-born parents 21,230
Child is native 20,166
Child is foreign born 1,064
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 172,824
Only native parent(s) 127,656
One or more foreign-born parents 45,168
Child is native 34,613
Child is foreign born 10,555
Children in Low-Income Families* 80,512
Only native parents 61,264
One or more foreign-born parents 19,248
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 75.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 24.8%
Child is native 20.4%
Child is foreign born 4.3%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 77.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 22.3%
Child is native 21.2%
Child is foreign born 1.1%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 73.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 26.1%
Child is native 20.0%
Child is foreign born 6.1%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 76.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 23.9%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2017 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas, and Matthew Sobek. Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS) USA: Version 8.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2018. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V8.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.