E.g., 06/22/2018
E.g., 06/22/2018

State Demographics Data - HI

Hawaii

Demographics & Social
2016
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 262,485
% Foreign Born 18.4%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2016 23.7%
% change: 1990-2000 30.4%
Race (%)  
One race 97.8%
White
8.8%
Black or African American
0.6%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.0%
Asian
77.8%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
9.6%
Other race
1.0%
Two or more races 2.2%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 13,279
% Latino 5.1%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.6%
5-17 5.2%
18-64 70.3%
65 and older 23.9%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2012-2016 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2016 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

49.6
Gender (% female) 58.6%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 19.7%
Married 61.4%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 18.9%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 1,166,072
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 16.7%
% change: 1990-2000 5.7%
Race (%)  
One race 71.2%
White 28.7%
Black or African American 2.1%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.2%
Asian 29.1%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 10.2%
Other race 0.8%
Two or more races 28.8%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 134,871
% Latino 11.6%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 7.6%
5-17 17.4%
18-64 59.4%
65 and older 15.5%
Median Age 35.3
Gender (% female) 47.7%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 37.6%
Married 46.0%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 16.4%
Foreign Born
Number 212,229
% Foreign Born 17.5%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 999,308
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 162,704
% Foreign Born 14.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 945,525
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

262,485
Born in Africa 1,012
Born in Asia 206,724
Born in Europe 9,602
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 12,077
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 4,351
Born in Oceania 28,719
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1 Philippines
Country #2 Japan
Country #3 China (exc. Taiwan)
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

262,485
Europe 9,602
Northern Europe 2,365
United Kingdom
1,751
Ireland
267
Other Northern Europe
347
Western Europe 4,353
France
544
Germany
2,419
Other Western Europe
1,390
Southern Europe 799
Italy
642
Portugal
0
Other Southern Europe
157
Eastern Europe 2,085
Poland
360
Russia
415
Other Eastern Europe
1,310
Other Europe (no country specified) 0
Asia 206,724
Eastern Asia 65,560
China
24,070

China, excluding Taiwan

21,662

Taiwan

2,408
Japan
24,439
Korea
16,864
Other Eastern Asia
187
South Central Asia 3,285
India
1,376
Iran
484
Other South Central Asia
1,425
Southeastern Asia 136,883
Philippines
121,771
Vietnam
9,395
Other Southeastern Asia
5,717
Western Asia 942
Israel
228
Lebanon
352
Other Western Asia
362
Other Asia (no country specified) 54
Africa 1,012
Eastern Africa 164
Northern Africa
220
Western Africa
155
Middle and Southern Africa
473
Other Africa (no country specified)
0
Oceania 28,719
Australia and New Zealand subregion 2,069
Oceania (no country specified) 26,650
Americas 16,428
Latin America 12,077
Caribbean
1,443

Cuba

376

Jamaica

285

Other Caribbean

782
Central America
6,471

Mexico

5,190

El Salvador

234

Other Central America

1,047
South America
4,163

Brazil

1,211

Colombia

464

Other South America

2,488
Northern America 4,351
Canada
4,351
Other Northern America
0
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 101,265
1990-1999 52,342
2000-2009 60,080
Since 2010 48,798
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 0.4%
Born in Asia 78.8%
Born in Europe 3.7%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 4.6%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 1.7%
Born in Oceania 10.9%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 46.30
Country #2 8.60%
Country #3 7.60
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 3.7%
Northern Europe 0.9%
United Kingdom 0.7%
Ireland 0.1%
Other Northern Europe 0.1%
Western Europe 1.7%
France 0.2%
Germany 0.9%
Other Western Europe 0.5%
Southern Europe 0.3%
Italy 0.2%
Portugal 0.0%
Other Southern Europe 0.1%
Eastern Europe 0.8%
Poland 0.1%
Russia 0.2%
Other Eastern Europe 0.5%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.0%
Asia 78.8%
Eastern Asia 25.0%
China 9.2%
China, excluding Taiwan 8.3%
Taiwan 0.9%
Japan 9.3%
Korea 6.4%
Other Eastern Asia 0.1%
South Central Asia 1.3%
India 0.5%
Iran 0.2%
Other South Central Asia 0.5%
Southeastern Asia 52.1%
Philippines 46.4%
Vietnam 3.6%
Other Southeastern Asia 2.2%
Western Asia 0.4%
Israel 0.1%
Lebanon 0.1%
Other Western Asia 0.1%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.0%
Africa 0.4%
Eastern Africa 0.1%
Northern Africa 0.1%
Western Africa 0.1%
Middle and Southern Africa 0.2%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.0%
Oceania 10.9%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.8%
Oceania (no country specified) 10.2%
Americas 6.3%
Latin America 4.6%
Caribbean 0.5%
Cuba 0.1%
Jamaica 0.1%
Other Caribbean 0.3%
Central America 2.5%
Mexico 2.0%
El Salvador 0.1%
Other Central America 0.4%
South America 1.6%
Brazil 0.5%
Colombia 0.2%
Other South America 0.9%
Northern America 1.7%
Canada 1.7%
Other Northern America 0.0%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 38.6%
1980-1989 19.9%
1990-1999 22.9%
Since 2000 18.6%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 212,229
Born in Africa 1,040
Born in Asia 176,707
Born in Europe 10,479
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 6,788
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 3,763
Cat28 13,452
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Philippines
Country #2 Japan
Country #3 China (exc. Taiwan)
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 0.5%
Born in Asia 83.3%
Born in Europe 4.9%
Born in Latin America 3.2%
Born in Northern America 1.8%
Born in Oceania 6.3%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 48.10
Country #2 9.70%
Country #3 8.10
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 158,428
Born in Africa 699
Born in Asia 133,735
Born in Europe 8,382
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 3,396
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 3,979
Cat21 8,237
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Philippines
Country #2 Japan
Country #3 Korea
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 0.4%
Born in Asia 84.4%
Born in Europe 5.3%
Born in Latin America 2.1%
Born in Northern America 2.5%
Born in Oceania 5.2%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 45.20
Country #2 11.20
Country #3 8.00%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 262,485
Naturalized citizens 149,397
Noncitizens 113,088
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 149,397
Before 1980 30,793
1980-1989 26,439
1990-1999 31,745
2000-2009 33,984
Since 2010 26,436
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 56.9%
Noncitizens 43.1%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 20.6%
1980-1989 17.7%
1990-1999 21.2%
2000-2009 22.7%
Since 2010 17.7%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 212,229
Naturalized citizens 127,532
Noncitizens 84,697
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 60.1%
Noncitizens 39.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 162,704
Naturalized citizens 89,983
Noncitizens 72,721
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 55.3%
Noncitizens 44.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 74,666
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 5,765
% married among women who gave birth
74.1%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
25.9%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 248,523
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 15,849
% married among women who gave birth 65.3%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 34.7%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2012-2016 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2016 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3.57
Average family size 4.12
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.90
Average family size 3.49
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 286,037
Only native parent(s)
200,824
One or more foreign-born parents
85,213

Child is native

74,029

Child is foreign born

11,184
Children under age 6 with 103,327
Only native parent(s)
74,973
One or more foreign-born parents
28,354

Child is native

26,857

Child is foreign born

1,497
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 182,710
Only native parent(s)
125,851
One or more foreign-born parents
56,859

Child is native

47,172

Child is foreign born

9,687
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

79,230
Only native parents 50,291
One or more foreign-born parents 28,939
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 70.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 29.8%
Child is native 25.9%
Child is foreign born 3.9%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 72.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 27.4%
Child is native 26.0%
Child is foreign born 1.4%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 68.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 31.1%
Child is native 25.8%
Child is foreign born 5.3%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 63.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 36.5%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 277,499
Only native parent(s) 200,000
One or more foreign-born parents 77,499
Child is native 64,548
Child is foreign born 12,951
Children under age 6 with 88,825
Only native parent(s) 64,339
One or more foreign-born parents 24,486
Child is native 22,843
Child is foreign born 1,643
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 188,674
Only native parent(s) 135,661
One or more foreign-born parents 53,013
Child is native 41,705
Child is foreign born 11,308
Children in Low-Income Families* 93,105
Only native parents 67,181
One or more foreign-born parents 25,924
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 72.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 27.9%
Child is native 23.3%
Child is foreign born 4.7%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 72.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 27.6%
Child is native 25.7%
Child is foreign born 1.8%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 71.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 28.1%
Child is native 22.1%
Child is foreign born 6.0%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 72.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 27.8%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 268,010
Only native parent(s) 201,612
One or more foreign-born parents 66,398
Child is native 54,779
Child is foreign born 11,619
Children under age 6 with 95,186
Only native parent(s) 73,956
One or more foreign-born parents 21,230
Child is native 20,166
Child is foreign born 1,064
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 172,824
Only native parent(s) 127,656
One or more foreign-born parents 45,168
Child is native 34,613
Child is foreign born 10,555
Children in Low-Income Families* 80,512
Only native parents 61,264
One or more foreign-born parents 19,248
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 75.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 24.8%
Child is native 20.4%
Child is foreign born 4.3%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 77.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 22.3%
Child is native 21.2%
Child is foreign born 1.1%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 73.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 26.1%
Child is native 20.0%
Child is foreign born 6.1%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 76.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 23.9%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2016 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2012-2016 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2016 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.