E.g., 06/29/2024
E.g., 06/29/2024
State Demographics Data - HI
 

Hawaii

Demographics & Social
2022
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 246,683
% Foreign Born 17.1%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2022 16.2%
% change: 1990-2000 30.4%
Race (%)  
One race 95.4%
White
9.6%
Black or African American
0.7%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.2%
Asian
72.6%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
9.9%
Other race
2.4%
Two or more races 4.6%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 11,801
% Latino 4.8%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.6%
5-17 3.9%
18-64 69.0%
65 and older 26.6%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau’s pooled 2018-2022 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2022 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

52.4
Gender (% female) 57.6%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 20.2%
Married 61.7%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 18.1%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 1,193,513
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 19.4%
% change: 1990-2000 5.7%
Race (%)  
One race 66.4%
White 24.8%
Black or African American 2.0%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.3%
Asian 27.4%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 10.0%
Other race 1.9%
Two or more races 33.6%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 148,302
% Latino 12.4%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 6.5%
5-17 17.5%
18-64 56.9%
65 and older 19.2%
Median Age 37.6
Gender (% female) 48.0%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 38.1%
Married 45.5%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 16.4%
Foreign Born
Number 212,229
% Foreign Born 17.5%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
U.S. Born
Number 999,308
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Foreign Born
Number 162,704
% Foreign Born 14.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 945,525
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

246,683
Born in Africa 3,356
Born in Asia 186,510
Born in Europe 11,948
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 13,278
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 4,484
Born in Oceania 27,107
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

 
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

246,683
Europe 11,948
Northern Europe 3,397
United Kingdom
2,420
Ireland
254
Other Northern Europe
723
Western Europe 4,582
France
1,071
Germany
2,696
Other Western Europe
815
Southern Europe 583
Italy
427
Portugal
N
Other Southern Europe
156
Eastern Europe 3,386
Poland
554
Russia
536
Other Eastern Europe
2,296
Other Europe (no country specified) N
Asia 186,510
Eastern Asia 62,512
China
29,431

China, excluding Taiwan

26,655

Taiwan

2,776
Japan
20,839
Korea
12,214
Other Eastern Asia
28
South Central Asia 3,525
India
1,206
Iran
1,601
Other South Central Asia
718
Southeastern Asia 119,940
Philippines
105,810
Vietnam
8,320
Other Southeastern Asia
5,810
Western Asia 431
Israel
87
Lebanon
N
Other Western Asia
344
Other Asia (no country specified) 102
Africa 3,356
Eastern Africa 421
Northern Africa 176
Western Africa 895
Middle and Southern Africa 1,579
Other Africa (no country specified) 285
Oceania 27,107
Australia and New Zealand subregion 3,238
Oceania (no country specified) 23,869
Americas 17,762
Latin America 13,278
Caribbean
1,454

Cuba

384

Jamaica

473

Other Caribbean

597
Central America
6,794

Mexico

4,979

El Salvador

462

Other Central America

1,353
South America
5,030

Brazil

1,656

Colombia

989

Other South America

2,385
Northern America 4,484
Canada
4,484
Other Northern America
N
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 89,663
1990-1999 42,288
2000-2009 51,195
Since 2010 63,537
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 1.4%
Born in Asia 75.6%
Born in Europe 4.8%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 5.4%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 1.8%
Born in Oceania 11.0%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 4.8%
Northern Europe 1.4%
United Kingdom 1.0%
Ireland 0.1%
Other Northern Europe 0.3%
Western Europe 1.9%
France 0.4%
Germany 1.1%
Other Western Europe 0.3%
Southern Europe 0.2%
Italy 0.2%
Portugal N
Other Southern Europe 0.1%
Eastern Europe 1.4%
Poland 0.2%
Russia 0.2%
Other Eastern Europe 0.9%
Other Europe (no country specified) N
Asia 75.6%
Eastern Asia 25.3%
China 11.9%
China, excluding Taiwan 10.8%
Taiwan 1.1%
Japan 8.4%
Korea 5.0%
Other Eastern Asia N
South Central Asia 1.4%
India 0.5%
Iran 0.6%
Other South Central Asia 0.3%
Southeastern Asia 48.6%
Philippines 42.9%
Vietnam 3.4%
Other Southeastern Asia 2.4%
Western Asia 0.2%
Israel N
Lebanon N
Other Western Asia 0.1%
Other Asia (no country specified) N
Africa 1.4%
Eastern Africa 0.2%
Northern Africa 0.1%
Western Africa 0.4%
Middle and Southern Africa 0.6%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.1%
Oceania 11.0%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 1.3%
Oceania (no country specified) 9.7%
Americas 7.2%
Latin America 5.4%
Caribbean 0.6%
Cuba 0.2%
Jamaica 0.2%
Other Caribbean 0.2%
Central America 2.8%
Mexico 2.0%
El Salvador 0.2%
Other Central America 0.5%
South America 2.0%
Brazil 0.7%
Colombia 0.4%
Other South America 1.0%
Northern America 1.8%
Canada 1.8%
Other Northern America N
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 36.3%
1980-1989 17.1%
1990-1999 20.8%
Since 2000 25.8%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 212,229
Born in Africa 1,040
Born in Asia 176,707
Born in Europe 10,479
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 6,788
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 3,763
Cat28 13,452
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 0.5%
Born in Asia 83.3%
Born in Europe 4.9%
Born in Latin America 3.2%
Born in Northern America 1.8%
Born in Oceania 6.3%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 158,428
Born in Africa 699
Born in Asia 133,735
Born in Europe 8,382
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 3,396
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 3,979
Cat21 8,237
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 0.4%
Born in Asia 84.4%
Born in Europe 5.3%
Born in Latin America 2.1%
Born in Northern America 2.5%
Born in Oceania 5.2%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 246,683
Naturalized citizens 152,444
Noncitizens 94,239
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 152,444
Before 1990 52,704
1990-1999 29,022
2000-2009 27,625
2010-2014 16,095
Since 2015 26,998
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 61.8%
Noncitizens 38.2%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 34.6%
1980-1989 19.0%
1990-1999 18.1%
2000-2009 10.6%
Since 2010 17.7%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 212,229
Naturalized citizens 127,532
Noncitizens 84,697
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 60.1%
Noncitizens 39.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 162,704
Naturalized citizens 89,983
Noncitizens 72,721
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 55.3%
Noncitizens 44.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 60,702
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 3,444
% married among women who gave birth
74.6%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
25.4%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 248,775
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 12,484
% married among women who gave birth 71.6%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 28.4%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S Census Bureau’s pooled 2018-2022 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2022 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3.34
Average family size 3.83
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.71
Average family size 3.25
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers to children between ages 0 and 17 (regardless of their nativity) who reside with at least one parent. This means that the number of children shown here is smaller than the overall number of U.S. children under 18. Since 2013, the U.S. Census Bureau includes children of same-sex married couples in its count of children in families and subfamilies.

 
Children under age 18 with 275,951
Only native parent(s)
201,245
One or more foreign-born parents
74,706

Child is native

66,186

Child is foreign born

8,520
Children under age 6 with 87,235
Only native parent(s)
64,912
One or more foreign-born parents
22,323

Child is native

21,091

Child is foreign born

1,232
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 188,716
Only native parent(s)
136,333
One or more foreign-born parents
52,383

Child is native

45,095

Child is foreign born

7,288
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers to children between ages 0 and 17 (regardless of their nativity) who reside with at least one parent. This means that the number of children shown here is smaller than the overall number of U.S. children under 18. Since 2013, the U.S. Census Bureau includes children of same-sex married couples in its count of children in families and subfamilies. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

82,180
Only native parents 60,368
One or more foreign-born parents 21,812
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 72.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 27.1%
Child is native 24.0%
Child is foreign born 3.1%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 74.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 25.6%
Child is native 24.2%
Child is foreign born 1.4%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 72.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 27.8%
Child is native 23.9%
Child is foreign born 3.9%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 73.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 26.5%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 277,499
Only native parent(s) 200,000
One or more foreign-born parents 77,499
Child is native 64,548
Child is foreign born 12,951
Children under age 6 with 88,825
Only native parent(s) 64,339
One or more foreign-born parents 24,486
Child is native 22,843
Child is foreign born 1,643
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 188,674
Only native parent(s) 135,661
One or more foreign-born parents 53,013
Child is native 41,705
Child is foreign born 11,308
Children in Low-Income Families* 93,105
Only native parents 67,181
One or more foreign-born parents 25,924
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 72.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 27.9%
Child is native 23.3%
Child is foreign born 4.7%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 72.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 27.6%
Child is native 25.7%
Child is foreign born 1.8%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 71.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 28.1%
Child is native 22.1%
Child is foreign born 6.0%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 72.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 27.8%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 268,010
Only native parent(s) 201,612
One or more foreign-born parents 66,398
Child is native 54,779
Child is foreign born 11,619
Children under age 6 with 95,186
Only native parent(s) 73,956
One or more foreign-born parents 21,230
Child is native 20,166
Child is foreign born 1,064
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 172,824
Only native parent(s) 127,656
One or more foreign-born parents 45,168
Child is native 34,613
Child is foreign born 10,555
Children in Low-Income Families* 80,512
Only native parents 61,264
One or more foreign-born parents 19,248
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 75.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 24.8%
Child is native 20.4%
Child is foreign born 4.3%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 77.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 22.3%
Child is native 21.2%
Child is foreign born 1.1%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 73.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 26.1%
Child is native 20.0%
Child is foreign born 6.1%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 76.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 23.9%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2022 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, click here. For ACS methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Matthew Sobek, Daniel Backman, Annie Chen, Grace Cooper, Stephanie Richards, Renae Rogers, and Megan Schouweiler. IPUMS USA: Version 14.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2023. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V14.0​.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • Race and Hispanic origin: In preparation for the 2020 Decennial Census, the Census Bureau has made some improvements and changes in how the respondents were asked about their race and Hispanic origin on the 2020 decennial Census form. The goal was to achieve a more accurate portrait of how U.S. residents self-identify. The same changes in the questionnaire design were implemented in the subsequent ACS as well. Note that the racial composition of the U.S. population in the current ACS looks different from pre-2020 data. For instance, the proportion of people who reported “two or more races” has increased, while the proportion of “white alone” decreased, reflecting both the growth of a more racially diverse population and the changes in the questionnaire design. Race and Hispanic origin comparisons between the current ACS and pre-2020 data should be made with caution, taking into account the changes in the questionnaire design. For more details, visit the Census Bureau’s Resource Library.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2018-2022 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2022 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Children: The data here include children between ages 0 and 17 (regardless of their nativity) who reside with at least one parent. This means that the number of children shown here is smaller than the overall number of U.S. children under 18. Since 2013, the U.S. Census Bureau has included children of same-sex married couples in its count of children in families and subfamilies.