E.g., 08/02/2021
E.g., 08/02/2021
State Demographics Data - HI
 

Hawaii

Demographics & Social
2019
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 273,012
% Foreign Born 19.3%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2019 28.6%
% change: 1990-2000 30.4%
Race (%)  
One race 96.9%
White
8.6%
Black or African American
0.4%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.3%
Asian
74.7%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
10.9%
Other race
2.0%
Two or more races 3.1%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 12,400
% Latino 4.5%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.9%
5-17 5.0%
18-64 69.2%
65 and older 24.9%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau’s pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

50.4
Gender (% female) 58.9%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 19.6%
Married 62.7%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 17.7%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 1,142,860
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 14.4%
% change: 1990-2000 5.7%
Race (%)  
One race 73.0%
White 27.8%
Black or African American 2.3%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.5%
Asian 30.1%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 10.7%
Other race 1.7%
Two or more races 27.0%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 138,464
% Latino 12.1%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 7.3%
5-17 17.6%
18-64 57.5%
65 and older 17.6%
Median Age 36.3
Gender (% female) 47.9%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 38.7%
Married 45.1%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 16.2%
Foreign Born
Number 212,229
% Foreign Born 17.5%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 999,308
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 162,704
% Foreign Born 14.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 945,525
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

273,012
Born in Africa 1,634
Born in Asia 208,961
Born in Europe 12,494
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 11,945
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 5,313
Born in Oceania 32,665
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

 
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

273,012
Europe 12,494
Northern Europe 2,704
United Kingdom
2,014
Ireland
126
Other Northern Europe
564
Western Europe 4,159
France
716
Germany
2,528
Other Western Europe
915
Southern Europe 1,074
Italy
475
Portugal
N
Other Southern Europe
599
Eastern Europe 4,557
Poland
433
Russia
1,082
Other Eastern Europe
3,042
Other Europe (no country specified) N
Asia 208,961
Eastern Asia 59,855
China
21,868

China, excluding Taiwan

18,946

Taiwan

2,922
Japan
21,311
Korea
16,504
Other Eastern Asia
172
South Central Asia 4,126
India
1,388
Iran
380
Other South Central Asia
2,358
Southeastern Asia 144,422
Philippines
125,588
Vietnam
9,593
Other Southeastern Asia
9,241
Western Asia 558
Israel
66
Lebanon
N
Other Western Asia
492
Other Asia (no country specified) N
Africa 1,634
Eastern Africa 506
Northern Africa
155
Western Africa
197
Middle and Southern Africa
776
Other Africa (no country specified)
N
Oceania 32,665
Australia and New Zealand subregion 1,878
Oceania (no country specified) 30,787
Americas 17,258
Latin America 11,945
Caribbean
1,222

Cuba

276

Jamaica

300

Other Caribbean

646
Central America
6,964

Mexico

5,240

El Salvador

126

Other Central America

1,598
South America
3,759

Brazil

1,329

Colombia

575

Other South America

1,855
Northern America 5,313
Canada
5,313
Other Northern America
N
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 97,965
1990-1999 49,280
2000-2009 60,297
Since 2010 65,470
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 0.6%
Born in Asia 76.5%
Born in Europe 4.6%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 4.4%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 1.9%
Born in Oceania 12.0%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 4.6%
Northern Europe 1.0%
United Kingdom 0.7%
Ireland N
Other Northern Europe 0.2%
Western Europe 1.5%
France 0.3%
Germany 0.9%
Other Western Europe 0.3%
Southern Europe 0.4%
Italy 0.2%
Portugal N
Other Southern Europe 0.2%
Eastern Europe 1.7%
Poland 0.2%
Russia 0.4%
Other Eastern Europe 1.1%
Other Europe (no country specified) N
Asia 76.5%
Eastern Asia 21.9%
China 8.0%
China, excluding Taiwan 6.9%
Taiwan 1.1%
Japan 7.8%
Korea 6.0%
Other Eastern Asia 0.1%
South Central Asia 1.5%
India 0.5%
Iran 0.1%
Other South Central Asia 0.9%
Southeastern Asia 52.9%
Philippines 46.0%
Vietnam 3.5%
Other Southeastern Asia 3.4%
Western Asia 0.2%
Israel N
Lebanon N
Other Western Asia 0.2%
Other Asia (no country specified) N
Africa 0.6%
Eastern Africa 0.2%
Northern Africa 0.1%
Western Africa 0.1%
Middle and Southern Africa 0.3%
Other Africa (no country specified) N
Oceania 12.0%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.7%
Oceania (no country specified) 11.3%
Americas 6.3%
Latin America 4.4%
Caribbean 0.4%
Cuba 0.1%
Jamaica 0.1%
Other Caribbean 0.2%
Central America 2.6%
Mexico 1.9%
El Salvador N
Other Central America 0.6%
South America 1.4%
Brazil 0.5%
Colombia 0.2%
Other South America 0.7%
Northern America 1.9%
Canada 1.9%
Other Northern America N
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 35.9%
1980-1989 18.1%
1990-1999 22.1%
Since 2000 24.0%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 212,229
Born in Africa 1,040
Born in Asia 176,707
Born in Europe 10,479
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 6,788
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 3,763
Cat28 13,452
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 0.5%
Born in Asia 83.3%
Born in Europe 4.9%
Born in Latin America 3.2%
Born in Northern America 1.8%
Born in Oceania 6.3%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 158,428
Born in Africa 699
Born in Asia 133,735
Born in Europe 8,382
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 3,396
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 3,979
Cat21 8,237
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 0.4%
Born in Asia 84.4%
Born in Europe 5.3%
Born in Latin America 2.1%
Born in Northern America 2.5%
Born in Oceania 5.2%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 273,012
Naturalized citizens 160,962
Noncitizens 112,050
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 160,962
Before 1990 58,391
1990-1999 29,736
2000-2009 34,622
2010-2014 18,611
Since 2015 19,602
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 59.0%
Noncitizens 41.0%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 36.3%
1980-1989 18.5%
1990-1999 21.5%
2000-2009 11.6%
Since 2010 12.2%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 212,229
Naturalized citizens 127,532
Noncitizens 84,697
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 60.1%
Noncitizens 39.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 162,704
Naturalized citizens 89,983
Noncitizens 72,721
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 55.3%
Noncitizens 44.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 74,628
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 4,685
% married among women who gave birth
85.0%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
15.0%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 238,965
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 13,746
% married among women who gave birth 67.7%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 32.3%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S Census Bureau’s pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3.54
Average family size 4.16
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.80
Average family size 3.40
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau has excluded children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 279,106
Only native parent(s)
198,016
One or more foreign-born parents
81,090

Child is native

68,913

Child is foreign born

12,177
Children under age 6 with 95,704
Only native parent(s)
71,248
One or more foreign-born parents
24,456

Child is native

22,831

Child is foreign born

1,625
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 183,402
Only native parent(s)
126,768
One or more foreign-born parents
56,634

Child is native

46,082

Child is foreign born

10,552
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau has excluded children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

72,618
Only native parents 51,509
One or more foreign-born parents 21,109
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 70.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 29.1%
Child is native 24.7%
Child is foreign born 4.4%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 74.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 25.6%
Child is native 23.9%
Child is foreign born 1.7%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 69.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 30.9%
Child is native 25.1%
Child is foreign born 5.8%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 70.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 29.1%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 277,499
Only native parent(s) 200,000
One or more foreign-born parents 77,499
Child is native 64,548
Child is foreign born 12,951
Children under age 6 with 88,825
Only native parent(s) 64,339
One or more foreign-born parents 24,486
Child is native 22,843
Child is foreign born 1,643
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 188,674
Only native parent(s) 135,661
One or more foreign-born parents 53,013
Child is native 41,705
Child is foreign born 11,308
Children in Low-Income Families* 93,105
Only native parents 67,181
One or more foreign-born parents 25,924
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 72.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 27.9%
Child is native 23.3%
Child is foreign born 4.7%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 72.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 27.6%
Child is native 25.7%
Child is foreign born 1.8%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 71.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 28.1%
Child is native 22.1%
Child is foreign born 6.0%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 72.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 27.8%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 268,010
Only native parent(s) 201,612
One or more foreign-born parents 66,398
Child is native 54,779
Child is foreign born 11,619
Children under age 6 with 95,186
Only native parent(s) 73,956
One or more foreign-born parents 21,230
Child is native 20,166
Child is foreign born 1,064
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 172,824
Only native parent(s) 127,656
One or more foreign-born parents 45,168
Child is native 34,613
Child is foreign born 10,555
Children in Low-Income Families* 80,512
Only native parents 61,264
One or more foreign-born parents 19,248
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 75.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 24.8%
Child is native 20.4%
Child is foreign born 4.3%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 77.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 22.3%
Child is native 21.2%
Child is foreign born 1.1%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 73.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 26.1%
Child is native 20.0%
Child is foreign born 6.1%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 76.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 23.9%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2019 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas and Matthew Sobek. IPUMS USA: Version 10.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2020. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V10.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau has excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.