E.g., 09/21/2020
E.g., 09/21/2020

State Demographics Data - HI

Hawaii

Demographics & Social
2018
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 266,147
% Foreign Born 18.7%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2018 25.4%
% change: 1990-2000 30.4%
Race (%)  
One race 96.6%
White
8.9%
Black or African American
0.9%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.1%
Asian
75.3%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
9.2%
Other race
2.1%
Two or more races 3.4%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 16,009
% Latino 6.0%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.5%
5-17 5.3%
18-64 70.9%
65 and older 23.3%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

49.8
Gender (% female) 57.2%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 19.7%
Married 61.8%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 18.5%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 1,154,344
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 15.5%
% change: 1990-2000 5.7%
Race (%)  
One race 70.8%
White 27.9%
Black or African American 2.2%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.3%
Asian 28.9%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 10.4%
Other race 1.1%
Two or more races 29.2%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 135,347
% Latino 11.7%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 7.5%
5-17 17.5%
18-64 57.8%
65 and older 17.3%
Median Age 36
Gender (% female) 48.3%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 37.8%
Married 46.2%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 16.0%
Foreign Born
Number 212,229
% Foreign Born 17.5%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
U.S. Born
Number 999,308
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Foreign Born
Number 162,704
% Foreign Born 14.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 945,525
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

266,147
Born in Africa 1,096
Born in Asia 207,159
Born in Europe 10,188
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 14,963
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 4,211
Born in Oceania 28,530
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

266,147
Europe 10,188
Northern Europe 3,237
United Kingdom
1,699
Ireland
400
Other Northern Europe
1,138
Western Europe 4,270
France
1,152
Germany
2,032
Other Western Europe
1,086
Southern Europe 773
Italy
315
Portugal
68
Other Southern Europe
390
Eastern Europe 1,893
Poland
421
Russia
611
Other Eastern Europe
861
Other Europe (no country specified) 15
Asia 207,159
Eastern Asia 64,385
China
26,540

China, excluding Taiwan

23,633

Taiwan

2,907
Japan
20,803
Korea
16,936
Other Eastern Asia
106
South Central Asia 2,956
India
1,753
Iran
801
Other South Central Asia
402
Southeastern Asia 138,676
Philippines
124,290
Vietnam
9,099
Other Southeastern Asia
5,287
Western Asia 689
Israel
195
Lebanon
0
Other Western Asia
494
Other Asia (no country specified) 453
Africa 1,096
Eastern Africa 19
Northern Africa
417
Western Africa
204
Middle and Southern Africa
456
Other Africa (no country specified)
0
Oceania 28,530
Australia and New Zealand subregion 1,386
Oceania (no country specified) 27,144
Americas 19,174
Latin America 14,963
Caribbean
3,048

Cuba

149

Jamaica

708

Other Caribbean

2,191
Central America
8,336

Mexico

5,044

El Salvador

305

Other Central America

2,987
South America
3,579

Brazil

726

Colombia

733

Other South America

2,120
Northern America 4,211
Canada
4,211
Other Northern America
0
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 97,242
1990-1999 51,194
2000-2009 55,377
Since 2010 62,334
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 0.4%
Born in Asia 77.8%
Born in Europe 3.8%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 5.6%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 1.6%
Born in Oceania 10.7%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 3.8%
Northern Europe 1.2%
United Kingdom 0.6%
Ireland 0.2%
Other Northern Europe 0.4%
Western Europe 1.6%
France 0.4%
Germany 0.8%
Other Western Europe 0.4%
Southern Europe 0.3%
Italy 0.1%
Portugal 0.0%
Other Southern Europe 0.1%
Eastern Europe 0.7%
Poland 0.2%
Russia 0.2%
Other Eastern Europe 0.3%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.0%
Asia 77.8%
Eastern Asia 24.2%
China 10.0%
China, excluding Taiwan 8.9%
Taiwan 1.1%
Japan 7.8%
Korea 6.4%
Other Eastern Asia 0.0%
South Central Asia 1.1%
India 0.7%
Iran 0.3%
Other South Central Asia 0.2%
Southeastern Asia 52.1%
Philippines 46.7%
Vietnam 3.4%
Other Southeastern Asia 2.0%
Western Asia 0.3%
Israel 0.1%
Lebanon 0.0%
Other Western Asia 0.2%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.2%
Africa 0.4%
Eastern Africa 0.0%
Northern Africa 0.2%
Western Africa 0.1%
Middle and Southern Africa 0.2%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.0%
Oceania 10.7%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.5%
Oceania (no country specified) 10.2%
Americas 7.2%
Latin America 5.6%
Caribbean 1.1%
Cuba 0.1%
Jamaica 0.3%
Other Caribbean 0.8%
Central America 3.1%
Mexico 1.9%
El Salvador 0.1%
Other Central America 1.1%
South America 1.3%
Brazil 0.3%
Colombia 0.3%
Other South America 0.8%
Northern America 1.6%
Canada 1.6%
Other Northern America 0.0%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 36.5%
1980-1989 19.2%
1990-1999 20.8%
Since 2000 23.4%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 212,229
Born in Africa 1,040
Born in Asia 176,707
Born in Europe 10,479
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 6,788
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 3,763
Cat28 13,452
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 0.5%
Born in Asia 83.3%
Born in Europe 4.9%
Born in Latin America 3.2%
Born in Northern America 1.8%
Born in Oceania 6.3%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 158,428
Born in Africa 699
Born in Asia 133,735
Born in Europe 8,382
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 3,396
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 3,979
Cat21 8,237
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 0.4%
Born in Asia 84.4%
Born in Europe 5.3%
Born in Latin America 2.1%
Born in Northern America 2.5%
Born in Oceania 5.2%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 266,147
Naturalized citizens 155,756
Noncitizens 110,391
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 155,756
Before 1990 50,509
1990-1999 34,629
2000-2009 36,404
2010-2014 17,533
Since 2015 16,681
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 58.5%
Noncitizens 41.5%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 32.4%
1980-1989 22.2%
1990-1999 23.4%
2000-2009 11.3%
Since 2010 10.7%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 212,229
Naturalized citizens 127,532
Noncitizens 84,697
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 60.1%
Noncitizens 39.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 162,704
Naturalized citizens 89,983
Noncitizens 72,721
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 55.3%
Noncitizens 44.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 70,576
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 3,706
% married among women who gave birth
76.8%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
23.2%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 245,844
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 14,821
% married among women who gave birth 64.4%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 35.6%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3
Average family size 4
U.S. Born
Average household size 3
Average family size 4
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 286,982
Only native parent(s)
200,825
One or more foreign-born parents
86,157

Child is native

74,098

Child is foreign born

12,059
Children under age 6 with 97,334
Only native parent(s)
73,194
One or more foreign-born parents
24,140

Child is native

22,743

Child is foreign born

1,397
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 189,648
Only native parent(s)
127,631
One or more foreign-born parents
62,017

Child is native

51,355

Child is foreign born

10,662
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

82,351
Only native parents 58,364
One or more foreign-born parents 23,987
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 70.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 30.0%
Child is native 25.8%
Child is foreign born 4.2%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 75.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 24.8%
Child is native 23.4%
Child is foreign born 1.4%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 67.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 32.7%
Child is native 27.1%
Child is foreign born 5.6%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 70.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 29.1%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 277,499
Only native parent(s) 200,000
One or more foreign-born parents 77,499
Child is native 64,548
Child is foreign born 12,951
Children under age 6 with 88,825
Only native parent(s) 64,339
One or more foreign-born parents 24,486
Child is native 22,843
Child is foreign born 1,643
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 188,674
Only native parent(s) 135,661
One or more foreign-born parents 53,013
Child is native 41,705
Child is foreign born 11,308
Children in Low-Income Families* 93,105
Only native parents 67,181
One or more foreign-born parents 25,924
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 72.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 27.9%
Child is native 23.3%
Child is foreign born 4.7%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 72.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 27.6%
Child is native 25.7%
Child is foreign born 1.8%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 71.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 28.1%
Child is native 22.1%
Child is foreign born 6.0%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 72.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 27.8%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 268,010
Only native parent(s) 201,612
One or more foreign-born parents 66,398
Child is native 54,779
Child is foreign born 11,619
Children under age 6 with 95,186
Only native parent(s) 73,956
One or more foreign-born parents 21,230
Child is native 20,166
Child is foreign born 1,064
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 172,824
Only native parent(s) 127,656
One or more foreign-born parents 45,168
Child is native 34,613
Child is foreign born 10,555
Children in Low-Income Families* 80,512
Only native parents 61,264
One or more foreign-born parents 19,248
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 75.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 24.8%
Child is native 20.4%
Child is foreign born 4.3%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 77.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 22.3%
Child is native 21.2%
Child is foreign born 1.1%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 73.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 26.1%
Child is native 20.0%
Child is foreign born 6.1%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 76.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 23.9%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2018 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas, and Matthew Sobek. Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS) USA: Version 8.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2018. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V8.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.