E.g., 08/15/2020
E.g., 08/15/2020

State Income Data - CO

Colorado

Income & Poverty
2018
2000
1990
Poverty

Note: Poverty status is not determined for unrelated individuals under the age of 15 (such as foster children) or for persons lacking conventional housing.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%)

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.

541,961
Below 100% of the poverty level 12.4%
100-199% of the poverty level 21.8%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 65.8%
People in Poverty: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2018 2.6%
% change: 1990-2000 133.2%
% Families in Poverty by Family Type

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.

 
All families (among those for whom poverty status is determined) 11.5%
With related children under age 18
14.2%
With related children under age 5
8.3%
Married-couple families 7.9%
With related children under age 18
9.6%
With related children under age 5
5.4%
Families with female householder, no husband present 26.2%
With related children under age 18
30.8%
With related children under age 5
34.0%
Poverty by U.S. Citizenship Status (among the foreign born)  
Naturalized citizens 244,455
Below 100% of the poverty level
8.7%
100-199% of the poverty level
15.4%
At or above 200% of the poverty level
75.9%
Noncitizens 297,506
Below 100% of the poverty level
15.4%
100-199% of the poverty level
27.1%
At or above 200% of the poverty level
57.5%
Foreign Born Living in Poverty by Region of Birth

Note: The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Born in Africa N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N
Born in Asia 137,558
Below 100% of the poverty level
11.6%
Born in Europe 71,174
Below 100% of the poverty level
8.5%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 276,212
Below 100% of the poverty level
13.4%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N
Born in Oceania N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 5,035,059
Below 100% of the poverty level 9.3%
100-199% of the poverty level 14.3%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 76.4%
People in Poverty: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 43.4%
% change: 1990-2000 -4.0%
% Families in Poverty by Family Type  
All families (among those for whom poverty status is determined) 5.5%
With related children under age 18
8.8%
With related children under age 5
7.2%
Married-couple families 2.5%
With related children under age 18
3.0%
With related children under age 5
2.4%
Families with female householder, no husband present 19.6%
With related children under age 18
27.8%
With related children under age 5
30.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 367,827
Below 100% of the poverty level 17.8%
100-199% of the poverty level 25.0%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 57.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 3,841,385
Below 100% of the poverty level 8.5%
100-199% of the poverty level 14.1%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 77.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 137,604
Below 100% of the poverty level 20.4%
100-199% of the poverty level 23.7%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 55.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 3,064,506
Below 100% of the poverty level 11.1%
100-199% of the poverty level 17.3%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 71.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Poverty by Language Spoken at Home Number
Household population (among those for whom poverty status is determined, age 5 and older) 5,245,210
Below 100% of the poverty level 498,184
Speaks only English
4,367,211
Below 100% of the poverty level 382,749
Speaks Spanish
609,969
Below 100% of the poverty level 82,862
Speaks other Indo-European languages
125,066
Below 100% of the poverty level 14,721
Speaks Asian or Pacific Island languages
97,234
Below 100% of the poverty level 7,562
Speaks other languages
45,730
Below 100% of the poverty level 10,290
%
Household population (among those for whom poverty status is determined, age 5 and older) 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 9.5%
Speaks only English 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 8.8%
Speaks only Spanish 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 13.6%
Speaks other Indo-European languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 11.8%
Speaks Asian or Pacific Island languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 7.8%
Speaks other languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 22.5%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Earnings

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.

Foreign Born
Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older). Earnings in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) 256,843
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss 1.8%
Earned $10,000-$14,999 2.3%
Earned $15,000-$24,999 15.5%
Earned $25,000-$34,999 17.8%
Earned $35,000-$49,999 20.8%
Earned $50,000-$74,999 20.6%
Earned $75,000 or more 21.2%
Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) Earnings in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) by U.S. Citizenship  
Naturalized citizens (%) 119,125
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss
1.3%
Earned $10,000-$14,999
1.4%
Earned $15,000-$24,999
12.2%
Earned $25,000-$34,999
14.2%
Earned $35,000-$49,999
20.5%
Earned $50,000-$74,999
22.6%
Earned $75,000 or more
27.8%
Noncitizens (%) 137,718
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss
2.2%
Earned $10,000-$14,999
3.0%
Earned $15,000-$24,999
18.4%
Earned $25,000-$34,999
20.9%
Earned $35,000-$49,999
21.1%
Earned $50,000-$74,999
18.8%
Earned $75,000 or more
15.6%
Median Earnings of Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars by Gender Foreign Born
Male $45,674
Female $37,016
Median Earnings of Foreign-Born Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars by U.S. Citizenship Status and Gender  
Naturalized citizens  
Male
$51,375
Female
$44,673
Noncitizens  
Male
$40,945
Female
$31,178
U.S. Born
Earnings of Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) 1,893,350
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss 1.3%
Earned $10,000-$14,999 2.1%
Earned $15,000-$24,999 8.9%
Earned $25,000-$34,999 13.4%
Earned $35,000-$49,999 19.8%
Earned $50,000-$74,999 24.2%
Earned $75,000 or more 30.4%
Nothing 1  
Nothing 2  
Nothing 3  
Nothing 4  
Nothing 5  
Nothing 6  
Nothing 7  
Nothing 8  
Nothing 9  
Nothing 10  
Nothing 11  
Nothing 12  
Nothing 13  
Nothing 14  
Nothing 15  
Nothing 16  
Nothing 17  
Native Born Native Born
Male $59,129
Female $47,173
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Median Household Income

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.

Foreign Born
Median Household Income $59,782
Median Household Income by U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized citizens $70,846
Noncitizens $50,309
U.S. Born
Median Household Income $73,565
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
Home Ownership Rate

Note: 1) Refers to the percentage owner households represent among all occupied households. 2) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS. 3) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Home Ownership Rate 53.1%
Home Ownership Rate by Householder's U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized citizens 68.5%
Noncitizens 37.4%
U.S. Born
Home Ownership Rate 66.6%
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
Health Insurance Coverage

Note: Since some people may hold both private and public health insurance coverage at the same time, estimates of those with private health insurance and those with public coverage may overlap. Their sum therefore may be greater than the total number of people with health insurance.

Foreign Born
Civilian noninstitutionalized population (%) 543,004
With health insurance 77.0%
With private health insurance
57.5%
With public coverage
25.6%
No health insurance coverage 23.0%
Health Insurance Coverage by U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized Citizens (%) 243,125
With health insurance 91.2%
With private health insurance
67.2%
With public coverage
34.1%
No health insurance coverage 8.8%
Noncitizens (%) 299,879
With health insurance 65.5%
With private health insurance
49.5%
With public coverage
18.7%
No health insurance coverage 34.5%
U.S. Born
Civilian noninstitutionalized population (%) 5,061,101
With health insurance 94.1%
With private health insurance
72.2%
With public coverage
33.4%
No health insurance coverage 5.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2018 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas, and Matthew Sobek. Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS) USA: Version 8.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2018. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V8.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • Poverty status is not determined for unrelated individuals under the age of 15 (such as foster children) or for persons lacking conventional housing. 
  • The term “home ownership rate” refers to the percentage owner households represent among all occupied households.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Poverty,” “Earnings,” “Median Household Income,” and “Home Ownership Rate”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.
  • In the “% Families in Poverty by Family Type” section, “related children” refer to “related children of the householder.”
  • “Health Insurance Coverage”: Private coverage includes employer- or union-provided insurance, insurance purchased directly, and TRICARE (the health program of the U.S. military) or other military health care. Public coverage includes Medicare, Medicaid, or another governmental medical assistance program, and Veterans Administration health care. Individuals can be covered by more than one type of insurance, and they can be covered by both private and public insurers. Since some people may hold both private and public health insurance coverage at the same time, estimates of those with private health insurance and those with public coverage may overlap. Their sum therefore may be greater than the total number of people with health insurance.