E.g., 02/22/2018
E.g., 02/22/2018

State Demographics Data - CO

Colorado

Demographics & Social
2016
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 544,733
% Foreign Born 9.8%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2016 47.3%
% change: 1990-2000 159.7%
Race (%)  
One race 98.6%
White
56.6%
Black or African American
5.9%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.7%
Asian
21.3%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.4%
Other race
13.7%
Two or more races 1.4%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 279,608
% Latino 51.3%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 1.1%
5-17 6.3%
18-64 81.6%
65 and older 11.0%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2012-2016 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2016 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

41.2
Gender (% female) 51.7%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 22.6%
Married 61.7%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 15.7%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 4,995,812
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 27.1%
% change: 1990-2000 24.7%
Race (%)  
One race 96.5%
White 87.0%
Black or African American 4.0%
American Indian and Alaska Native 1.0%
Asian 1.2%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.1%
Other race 3.1%
Two or more races 3.5%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 901,610
% Latino 18.0%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 6.6%
5-17 17.8%
18-64 61.9%
65 and older 13.7%
Median Age 35.8
Gender (% female) 49.4%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 33.2%
Married 48.9%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 17.9%
Foreign Born
Number 369,903
% Foreign Born 8.6%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 3,931,358
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 142,434
% Foreign Born 4.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 3,151,960
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

544,733
Born in Africa 31,814
Born in Asia 134,810
Born in Europe 71,204
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 284,767
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 14,654
Born in Oceania 7,484
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 Germany
Country #3 India
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

544,733
Europe 71,204
Northern Europe 17,811
United Kingdom
13,515
Ireland
884
Other Northern Europe
3,412
Western Europe 19,253
France
2,045
Germany
13,755
Other Western Europe
3,453
Southern Europe 5,277
Italy
2,045
Portugal
52
Other Southern Europe
3,180
Eastern Europe 28,614
Poland
3,849
Russia
7,334
Other Eastern Europe
17,431
Other Europe (no country specified) 249
Asia 134,810
Eastern Asia 45,867
China
24,810

China, excluding Taiwan

21,304

Taiwan

3,506
Japan
3,543
Korea
16,509
Other Eastern Asia
1,005
South Central Asia 34,870
India
21,580
Iran
2,528
Other South Central Asia
10,762
Southeastern Asia 44,207
Philippines
10,691
Vietnam
18,424
Other Southeastern Asia
15,092
Western Asia 9,473
Israel
1,528
Lebanon
888
Other Western Asia
7,057
Other Asia (no country specified) 393
Africa 31,814
Eastern Africa 12,512
Northern Africa
4,288
Western Africa
7,272
Middle and Southern Africa
5,213
Other Africa (no country specified)
2,529
Oceania 7,484
Australia and New Zealand subregion 5,292
Oceania (no country specified) 2,192
Americas 299,421
Latin America 284,767
Caribbean
6,161

Cuba

3,058

Jamaica

1,130

Other Caribbean

1,973
Central America
255,431

Mexico

233,531

El Salvador

10,450

Other Central America

11,450
South America
23,175

Brazil

2,446

Colombia

5,855

Other South America

14,874
Northern America 14,654
Canada
14,654
Other Northern America
0
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 132,679
1990-1999 150,247
2000-2009 158,116
Since 2010 103,691
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 5.8%
Born in Asia 24.7%
Born in Europe 13.1%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 52.3%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 2.7%
Born in Oceania 1.4%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 45.10
Country #2 3.20%
Country #3 3.20
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 13.1%
Northern Europe 3.3%
United Kingdom 2.5%
Ireland 0.2%
Other Northern Europe 0.6%
Western Europe 3.5%
France 0.4%
Germany 2.5%
Other Western Europe 0.6%
Southern Europe 1.0%
Italy 0.4%
Portugal 0.0%
Other Southern Europe 0.6%
Eastern Europe 5.3%
Poland 0.7%
Russia 1.3%
Other Eastern Europe 3.2%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.0%
Asia 24.7%
Eastern Asia 8.4%
China 4.6%
China, excluding Taiwan 3.9%
Taiwan 0.6%
Japan 0.7%
Korea 3.0%
Other Eastern Asia 0.2%
South Central Asia 6.4%
India 4.0%
Iran 0.5%
Other South Central Asia 2.0%
Southeastern Asia 8.1%
Philippines 2.0%
Vietnam 3.4%
Other Southeastern Asia 2.8%
Western Asia 1.7%
Israel 0.3%
Lebanon 0.2%
Other Western Asia 1.3%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.1%
Africa 5.8%
Eastern Africa 2.3%
Northern Africa 0.8%
Western Africa 1.3%
Middle and Southern Africa 1.0%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.5%
Oceania 1.4%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 1.0%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.4%
Americas 55.0%
Latin America 52.3%
Caribbean 1.1%
Cuba 0.6%
Jamaica 0.2%
Other Caribbean 0.4%
Central America 46.9%
Mexico 42.9%
El Salvador 1.9%
Other Central America 2.1%
South America 4.3%
Brazil 0.4%
Colombia 1.1%
Other South America 2.7%
Northern America 2.7%
Canada 2.7%
Other Northern America 0.0%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 24.4%
1980-1989 27.6%
1990-1999 29.0%
Since 2000 19.0%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 369,903
Born in Africa 9,763
Born in Asia 72,417
Born in Europe 65,274
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 205,691
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 13,684
Cat28 3,065
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 Germany
Country #3 Canada
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 2.6%
Born in Asia 19.6%
Born in Europe 17.6%
Born in Latin America 55.6%
Born in Northern America 3.7%
Born in Oceania 0.8%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 49.10
Country #2 4.50%
Country #3 3.70
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 138,191
Born in Africa 3,310
Born in Asia 36,823
Born in Europe 45,292
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 42,795
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 8,837
Cat21 1,134
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 Germany
Country #3 Canada
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 2.4%
Born in Asia 26.6%
Born in Europe 32.8%
Born in Latin America 31.0%
Born in Northern America 6.4%
Born in Oceania 0.8%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 23.90
Country #2 10.10
Country #3 5.90%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 544,733
Naturalized citizens 215,995
Noncitizens 328,738
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 215,995
Before 1980 26,831
1980-1989 23,185
1990-1999 38,020
2000-2009 71,225
Since 2010 56,734
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 39.7%
Noncitizens 60.3%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 12.4%
1980-1989 10.7%
1990-1999 17.6%
2000-2009 33.0%
Since 2010 26.3%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 369,903
Naturalized citizens 116,875
Noncitizens 253,028
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 31.6%
Noncitizens 68.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 142,434
Naturalized citizens 67,277
Noncitizens 75,157
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 47.2%
Noncitizens 52.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 180,431
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 10,800
% married among women who gave birth
80.5%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
19.5%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 1,154,712
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 57,459
% married among women who gave birth 72.4%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 27.6%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2012-2016 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2016 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3.34
Average family size 3.88
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.48
Average family size 3.05
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 1,207,545
Only native parent(s)
931,600
One or more foreign-born parents
275,945

Child is native

246,030

Child is foreign born

29,915
Children under age 6 with 389,224
Only native parent(s)
301,891
One or more foreign-born parents
87,333

Child is native

80,253

Child is foreign born

7,080
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 818,321
Only native parent(s)
629,709
One or more foreign-born parents
188,612

Child is native

165,777

Child is foreign born

22,835
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

392,652
Only native parents 244,860
One or more foreign-born parents 147,792
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 77.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 22.9%
Child is native 20.4%
Child is foreign born 2.5%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 77.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 22.4%
Child is native 20.6%
Child is foreign born 1.8%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 77.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 23.0%
Child is native 20.3%
Child is foreign born 2.8%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 62.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 37.6%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,054,794
Only native parent(s) 891,647
One or more foreign-born parents 163,147
Child is native 122,453
Child is foreign born 40,694
Children under age 6 with 345,847
Only native parent(s) 283,658
One or more foreign-born parents 62,189
Child is native 54,140
Child is foreign born 8,049
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 708,947
Only native parent(s) 607,989
One or more foreign-born parents 100,958
Child is native 68,313
Child is foreign born 32,645
Children in Low-Income Families* 307,336
Only native parents 227,987
One or more foreign-born parents 79,349
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 84.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 15.5%
Child is native 11.6%
Child is foreign born 3.9%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 82.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 18.0%
Child is native 15.7%
Child is foreign born 2.3%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 85.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 14.2%
Child is native 9.6%
Child is foreign born 4.6%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 74.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 25.8%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 835,215
Only native parent(s) 766,308
One or more foreign-born parents 68,907
Child is native 56,778
Child is foreign born 12,129
Children under age 6 with 293,871
Only native parent(s) 268,596
One or more foreign-born parents 25,275
Child is native 22,989
Child is foreign born 2,286
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 541,344
Only native parent(s) 497,712
One or more foreign-born parents 43,632
Child is native 33,789
Child is foreign born 9,843
Children in Low-Income Families* 297,963
Only native parents 263,511
One or more foreign-born parents 34,452
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 91.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 8.3%
Child is native 6.8%
Child is foreign born 1.5%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 91.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 8.6%
Child is native 7.8%
Child is foreign born 0.8%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 91.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 8.1%
Child is native 6.2%
Child is foreign born 1.8%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 88.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 11.6%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2016 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2012-2016 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2016 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.