E.g., 09/17/2021
E.g., 09/17/2021
State Income Data - AR
 

Arkansas

Income & Poverty
2019
2000
1990
Poverty

Note: Poverty status is not determined for unrelated individuals under the age of 15 (such as foster children) or for persons lacking conventional housing.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%)

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.

152,131
Below 100% of the poverty level 15.5%
100-199% of the poverty level 29.3%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 55.2%
People in Poverty: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2019 46.3%
% change: 1990-2000 301.6%
% Families in Poverty by Family Type

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.

 
All families (among those for whom poverty status is determined) 14.0%
With related children under age 18
19.2%
With related children under age 5
17.9%
Married-couple families 10.5%
With related children under age 18
13.9%
With related children under age 5
N
Families with female householder, no husband present 29.4%
With related children under age 18
41.9%
With related children under age 5
N
Poverty by U.S. Citizenship Status (among the foreign born)  
Naturalized citizens 57,085
Below 100% of the poverty level
8.3%
100-199% of the poverty level
20.2%
At or above 200% of the poverty level
71.5%
Noncitizens 95,046
Below 100% of the poverty level
19.7%
100-199% of the poverty level
34.8%
At or above 200% of the poverty level
45.5%
Foreign Born Living in Poverty by Region of Birth

Note: The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Born in Africa N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N
Born in Asia N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N
Born in Europe 9,564
Below 100% of the poverty level
14.2%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 94,084
Below 100% of the poverty level
17.2%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N
Born in Oceania N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 2,776,986
Below 100% of the poverty level 16.2%
100-199% of the poverty level 22.3%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 61.5%
People in Poverty: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 13.9%
% change: 1990-2000 -9.9%
% Families in Poverty by Family Type  
All families (among those for whom poverty status is determined) 11.6%
With related children under age 18
19.5%
With related children under age 5
22.3%
Married-couple families 6.0%
With related children under age 18
9.8%
With related children under age 5
10.5%
Families with female householder, no husband present 30.0%
With related children under age 18
38.7%
With related children under age 5
45.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 71,961
Below 100% of the poverty level 22.4%
100-199% of the poverty level 28.8%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 48.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 2,532,113
Below 100% of the poverty level 15.6%
100-199% of the poverty level 22.4%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 62.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 24,035
Below 100% of the poverty level 16.7%
100-199% of the poverty level 24.6%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 58.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 2,260,230
Below 100% of the poverty level 19.4%
100-199% of the poverty level 25.0%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 55.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Poverty by Language Spoken at Home Number
Household population (among those for whom poverty status is determined, age 5 and older) 2,749,988
Below 100% of the poverty level 427,685
Speaks only English
2,538,247
Below 100% of the poverty level 390,496
Speaks Spanish
154,619
Below 100% of the poverty level 28,910
Speaks other Indo-European languages
19,269
Below 100% of the poverty level 3,627
Speaks Asian or Pacific Island languages
34,132
Below 100% of the poverty level 3,755
Speaks other languages
3,721
Below 100% of the poverty level 897
%
Household population (among those for whom poverty status is determined, age 5 and older) 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 15.6%
Speaks only English 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 15.4%
Speaks only Spanish 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 18.7%
Speaks other Indo-European languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 18.8%
Speaks Asian or Pacific Island languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 11.0%
Speaks other languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 24.1%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Earnings

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.

Foreign Born
Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older). Earnings in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) 79,500
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss 1.5%
Earned $10,000-$14,999 1.9%
Earned $15,000-$24,999 20.3%
Earned $25,000-$34,999 24.6%
Earned $35,000-$49,999 24.6%
Earned $50,000-$74,999 12.2%
Earned $75,000 or more 14.9%
Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) Earnings in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) by U.S. Citizenship  
Naturalized citizens (%) 32,303
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss
2.0%
Earned $10,000-$14,999
2.0%
Earned $15,000-$24,999
13.3%
Earned $25,000-$34,999
21.8%
Earned $35,000-$49,999
22.6%
Earned $50,000-$74,999
14.9%
Earned $75,000 or more
23.4%
Noncitizens (%) 47,197
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss
1.1%
Earned $10,000-$14,999
1.9%
Earned $15,000-$24,999
25.1%
Earned $25,000-$34,999
26.5%
Earned $35,000-$49,999
25.9%
Earned $50,000-$74,999
10.4%
Earned $75,000 or more
9.1%
Median Earnings of Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars by Gender Foreign Born
Male $40,194
Female $30,253
Median Earnings of Foreign-Born Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars by U.S. Citizenship Status and Gender  
Naturalized citizens  
Male
$43,765
Female
$35,751
Noncitizens  
Male
$36,818
Female
$26,959
U.S. Born
Earnings of Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) 919,093
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss 1.6%
Earned $10,000-$14,999 3.6%
Earned $15,000-$24,999 16.3%
Earned $25,000-$34,999 19.0%
Earned $35,000-$49,999 21.7%
Earned $50,000-$74,999 21.0%
Earned $75,000 or more 16.8%
Nothing 1  
Nothing 2  
Nothing 3  
Nothing 4  
Nothing 5  
Nothing 6  
Nothing 7  
Nothing 8  
Nothing 9  
Nothing 10  
Nothing 11  
Nothing 12  
Nothing 13  
Nothing 14  
Nothing 15  
Nothing 16  
Nothing 17  
Native Born Native Born
Male $45,463
Female $35,927
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Median Household Income

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.

Foreign Born
Median Household Income $51,567
Median Household Income by U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized citizens $64,611
Noncitizens $44,729
U.S. Born
Median Household Income $48,785
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
Home Ownership Rate

Note: 1) Refers to the percentage owner households represent among all occupied households. 2) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS. 3) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Home Ownership Rate 57.7%
Home Ownership Rate by Householder's U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized citizens 78.5%
Noncitizens 41.9%
U.S. Born
Home Ownership Rate 65.9%
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
Health Insurance Coverage

Note: Since some people may hold both private and public health insurance coverage at the same time, estimates of those with private health insurance and those with public coverage may overlap. Their sum therefore may be greater than the total number of people with health insurance.

Foreign Born
Civilian noninstitutionalized population (%) 152,800
With health insurance 67.4%
With private health insurance
57.2%
With public coverage
15.6%
No health insurance coverage 32.6%
Health Insurance Coverage by U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized Citizens (%) 57,034
With health insurance 90.9%
With private health insurance
74.8%
With public coverage
25.7%
No health insurance coverage 9.1%
Noncitizens (%) 95,766
With health insurance 53.3%
With private health insurance
46.6%
With public coverage
9.6%
No health insurance coverage 46.7%
U.S. Born
Civilian noninstitutionalized population (%) 2,809,796
With health insurance 92.1%
With private health insurance
59.4%
With public coverage
45.5%
No health insurance coverage 7.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2019 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas and Matthew Sobek. IPUMS USA: Version 10.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2020. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V10.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • Poverty status is not determined for unrelated individuals under the age of 15 (such as foster children) or for persons lacking conventional housing. 
  • The term “home ownership rate” refers to the percentage owner households represent among all occupied households.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Poverty,” “Earnings,” “Median Household Income,” and “Home Ownership Rate”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.
  • In the “% Families in Poverty by Family Type” section, “related children” refer to “related children of the householder.”
  • “Health Insurance Coverage”: Private coverage includes employer- or union-provided insurance, insurance purchased directly, and TRICARE (the health program of the U.S. military) or other military health care. Public coverage includes Medicare, Medicaid, or another governmental medical assistance program, and Veterans Administration health care. Individuals can be covered by more than one type of insurance, and they can be covered by both private and public insurers. Since some people may hold both private and public health insurance coverage at the same time, estimates of those with private health insurance and those with public coverage may overlap. Their sum therefore may be greater than the total number of people with health insurance.