E.g., 04/13/2021
E.g., 04/13/2021

State Demographics Data - AR

Arkansas

Demographics & Social
2019
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 154,286
% Foreign Born 5.1%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2019 109.4%
% change: 1990-2000 196.3%
Race (%)  
One race 98.2%
White
46.7%
Black or African American
3.5%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.3%
Asian
21.1%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
5.1%
Other race
21.6%
Two or more races 1.8%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 93,591
% Latino 60.7%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 1.9%
5-17 8.3%
18-64 80.5%
65 and older 9.3%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau’s pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

40.3
Gender (% female) 49.6%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 26.6%
Married 59.0%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 14.4%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 2,863,518
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 10.1%
% change: 1990-2000 11.8%
Race (%)  
One race 97.2%
White 78.3%
Black or African American 16.1%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.6%
Asian 0.5%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.2%
Other race 1.5%
Two or more races 2.8%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 138,360
% Latino 4.8%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 6.3%
5-17 17.6%
18-64 58.3%
65 and older 17.8%
Median Age 38.6
Gender (% female) 51.2%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 28.8%
Married 47.9%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 23.3%
Foreign Born
Number 73,690
% Foreign Born 2.8%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 2,599,710
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 24,867
% Foreign Born 1.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 2,325,858
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

154,286
Born in Africa 4,433
Born in Asia 35,176
Born in Europe 9,681
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 95,245
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 1,873
Born in Oceania 7,878
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

 
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

154,286
Europe 9,681
Northern Europe 3,075
United Kingdom
2,148
Ireland
326
Other Northern Europe
601
Western Europe 3,552
France
775
Germany
2,213
Other Western Europe
564
Southern Europe 496
Italy
104
Portugal
51
Other Southern Europe
341
Eastern Europe 2,508
Poland
752
Russia
283
Other Eastern Europe
1,473
Other Europe (no country specified) 50
Asia 35,176
Eastern Asia 8,694
China
4,940

China, excluding Taiwan

4,646

Taiwan

294
Japan
814
Korea
2,759
Other Eastern Asia
181
South Central Asia 11,056
India
8,841
Iran
268
Other South Central Asia
1,947
Southeastern Asia 14,107
Philippines
4,704
Vietnam
3,936
Other Southeastern Asia
5,467
Western Asia 1,319
Israel
N
Lebanon
36
Other Western Asia
1,283
Other Asia (no country specified) N
Africa 4,433
Eastern Africa 1,117
Northern Africa
778
Western Africa
920
Middle and Southern Africa
1,618
Other Africa (no country specified)
N
Oceania 7,878
Australia and New Zealand subregion 704
Oceania (no country specified) 7,174
Americas 97,118
Latin America 95,245
Caribbean
1,589

Cuba

163

Jamaica

N

Other Caribbean

1,426
Central America
90,034

Mexico

64,396

El Salvador

16,766

Other Central America

8,872
South America
3,622

Brazil

779

Colombia

59

Other South America

2,784
Northern America 1,873
Canada
1,873
Other Northern America
N
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 32,741
1990-1999 36,037
2000-2009 45,182
Since 2010 40,326
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 2.9%
Born in Asia 22.8%
Born in Europe 6.3%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 61.7%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 1.2%
Born in Oceania 5.1%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 6.3%
Northern Europe 2.0%
United Kingdom 1.4%
Ireland 0.2%
Other Northern Europe 0.4%
Western Europe 2.3%
France 0.5%
Germany 1.4%
Other Western Europe 0.4%
Southern Europe 0.3%
Italy 0.1%
Portugal N
Other Southern Europe 0.2%
Eastern Europe 1.6%
Poland 0.5%
Russia 0.2%
Other Eastern Europe 1.0%
Other Europe (no country specified) N
Asia 22.8%
Eastern Asia 5.6%
China 3.2%
China, excluding Taiwan 3.0%
Taiwan 0.2%
Japan 0.5%
Korea 1.8%
Other Eastern Asia 0.1%
South Central Asia 7.2%
India 5.7%
Iran 0.2%
Other South Central Asia 1.3%
Southeastern Asia 9.1%
Philippines 3.0%
Vietnam 2.6%
Other Southeastern Asia 3.5%
Western Asia 0.9%
Israel N
Lebanon N
Other Western Asia 0.8%
Other Asia (no country specified) N
Africa 2.9%
Eastern Africa 0.7%
Northern Africa 0.5%
Western Africa 0.6%
Middle and Southern Africa 1.0%
Other Africa (no country specified) N
Oceania 5.1%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.5%
Oceania (no country specified) 4.6%
Americas 62.9%
Latin America 61.7%
Caribbean 1.0%
Cuba 0.1%
Jamaica N
Other Caribbean 0.9%
Central America 58.4%
Mexico 41.7%
El Salvador 10.9%
Other Central America 5.8%
South America 2.3%
Brazil 0.5%
Colombia N
Other South America 1.8%
Northern America 1.2%
Canada 1.2%
Other Northern America N
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 21.2%
1980-1989 23.4%
1990-1999 29.3%
Since 2000 26.1%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 73,690
Born in Africa 1,503
Born in Asia 15,846
Born in Europe 10,028
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 43,309
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 1,839
Cat28 1,165
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 2.0%
Born in Asia 21.5%
Born in Europe 13.6%
Born in Latin America 58.8%
Born in Northern America 2.5%
Born in Oceania 1.6%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 23,851
Born in Africa 651
Born in Asia 9,035
Born in Europe 7,847
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 4,571
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 1,431
Cat21 316
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 2.7%
Born in Asia 37.9%
Born in Europe 32.9%
Born in Latin America 19.2%
Born in Northern America 6.0%
Born in Oceania 1.3%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 154,286
Naturalized citizens 57,649
Noncitizens 96,637
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 57,649
Before 1990 9,678
1990-1999 10,030
2000-2009 16,647
2010-2014 10,278
Since 2015 11,016
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 37.4%
Noncitizens 62.6%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 16.8%
1980-1989 17.4%
1990-1999 28.9%
2000-2009 17.8%
Since 2010 19.1%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 73,690
Naturalized citizens 22,055
Noncitizens 51,635
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 29.9%
Noncitizens 70.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 24,867
Naturalized citizens 12,121
Noncitizens 12,746
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 48.7%
Noncitizens 51.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 49,065
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 2,713
% married among women who gave birth
75.1%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
24.9%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 645,538
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 32,657
% married among women who gave birth 60.3%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 39.7%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S Census Bureau’s pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3.27
Average family size 3.82
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.48
Average family size 3.08
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau has excluded children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 643,968
Only native parent(s)
569,148
One or more foreign-born parents
74,820

Child is native

62,515

Child is foreign born

12,305
Children under age 6 with 205,829
Only native parent(s)
181,720
One or more foreign-born parents
24,109

Child is native

20,603

Child is foreign born

3,506
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 438,139
Only native parent(s)
387,428
One or more foreign-born parents
50,711

Child is native

41,912

Child is foreign born

8,799
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau has excluded children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

310,215
Only native parents 266,973
One or more foreign-born parents 43,242
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 88.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 11.6%
Child is native 9.7%
Child is foreign born 1.9%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 88.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 11.7%
Child is native 10.0%
Child is foreign born 1.7%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 88.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 11.6%
Child is native 9.6%
Child is foreign born 2.0%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 86.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 13.9%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 635,371
Only native parent(s) 601,852
One or more foreign-born parents 33,519
Child is native 25,616
Child is foreign born 7,903
Children under age 6 with 205,272
Only native parent(s) 191,855
One or more foreign-born parents 13,417
Child is native 11,602
Child is foreign born 1,815
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 430,099
Only native parent(s) 409,997
One or more foreign-born parents 20,102
Child is native 14,014
Child is foreign born 6,088
Children in Low-Income Families* 305,897
Only native parents 286,039
One or more foreign-born parents 19,858
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 94.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 5.3%
Child is native 4.0%
Child is foreign born 1.2%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 93.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 6.5%
Child is native 5.7%
Child is foreign born 0.9%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.7%
Child is native 3.3%
Child is foreign born 1.4%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 93.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 6.5%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 591,363
Only native parent(s) 578,954
One or more foreign-born parents 12,409
Child is native 9,984
Child is foreign born 2,425
Children under age 6 with 192,934
Only native parent(s) 188,831
One or more foreign-born parents 4,103
Child is native 3,840
Child is foreign born 263
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 398,429
Only native parent(s) 390,123
One or more foreign-born parents 8,306
Child is native 6,144
Child is foreign born 2,162
Children in Low-Income Families* 316,251
Only native parents 310,248
One or more foreign-born parents 6,003
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 97.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.1%
Child is native 1.7%
Child is foreign born 0.4%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 97.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.1%
Child is native 2.0%
Child is foreign born 0.1%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 97.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.1%
Child is native 1.5%
Child is foreign born 0.5%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 98.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 1.9%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2019 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas and Matthew Sobek. IPUMS USA: Version 10.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2020. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V10.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau has excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.