E.g., 02/15/2019
E.g., 02/15/2019

State Demographics Data - AR

Arkansas

Demographics & Social
2017
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 140,078
% Foreign Born 4.7%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2017 90.1%
% change: 1990-2000 196.3%
Race (%)  
One race 98.6%
White
40.6%
Black or African American
2.6%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.3%
Asian
22.9%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
3.9%
Other race
28.3%
Two or more races 1.4%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 81,790
% Latino 58.4%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.8%
5-17 5.5%
18-64 85.1%
65 and older 8.6%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

39.5
Gender (% female) 48.5%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 21.5%
Married 64.4%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 14.1%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 2,864,201
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 10.2%
% change: 1990-2000 11.8%
Race (%)  
One race 97.1%
White 78.1%
Black or African American 15.9%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.7%
Asian 0.6%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.1%
Other race 1.8%
Two or more races 2.9%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 141,974
% Latino 5.0%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 6.5%
5-17 17.9%
18-64 58.6%
65 and older 16.9%
Median Age 38
Gender (% female) 50.9%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 28.2%
Married 48.4%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 23.4%
Foreign Born
Number 73,690
% Foreign Born 2.8%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 2,599,710
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 24,867
% Foreign Born 1.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 2,325,858
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

140,078
Born in Africa 2,974
Born in Asia 35,772
Born in Europe 8,235
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 83,892
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 2,862
Born in Oceania 6,343
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 El Salvador
Country #3 India
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

140,078
Europe 8,235
Northern Europe 2,078
United Kingdom
2,011
Ireland
67
Other Northern Europe
0
Western Europe 3,435
France
429
Germany
2,742
Other Western Europe
264
Southern Europe 997
Italy
461
Portugal
0
Other Southern Europe
536
Eastern Europe 1,725
Poland
269
Russia
259
Other Eastern Europe
1,197
Other Europe (no country specified) 0
Asia 35,772
Eastern Asia 8,395
China
5,811

China, excluding Taiwan

4,969

Taiwan

842
Japan
472
Korea
2,112
Other Eastern Asia
0
South Central Asia 11,526
India
8,535
Iran
467
Other South Central Asia
2,524
Southeastern Asia 12,742
Philippines
2,977
Vietnam
4,917
Other Southeastern Asia
4,848
Western Asia 2,622
Israel
0
Lebanon
235
Other Western Asia
2,387
Other Asia (no country specified) 487
Africa 2,974
Eastern Africa 733
Northern Africa
366
Western Africa
1,561
Middle and Southern Africa
314
Other Africa (no country specified)
0
Oceania 6,343
Australia and New Zealand subregion 297
Oceania (no country specified) 6,046
Americas 86,754
Latin America 83,892
Caribbean
1,941

Cuba

735

Jamaica

350

Other Caribbean

856
Central America
78,071

Mexico

58,157

El Salvador

12,968

Other Central America

6,946
South America
3,880

Brazil

694

Colombia

337

Other South America

2,849
Northern America 2,862
Canada
2,786
Other Northern America
76
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 36,112
1990-1999 31,883
2000-2009 39,333
Since 2010 32,750
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 2.1%
Born in Asia 25.5%
Born in Europe 5.9%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 59.9%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 2.0%
Born in Oceania 4.5%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 50
Country #2 7.20%
Country #3 6.8
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 5.9%
Northern Europe 1.5%
United Kingdom 1.4%
Ireland 0.0%
Other Northern Europe 0.0%
Western Europe 2.5%
France 0.3%
Germany 2.0%
Other Western Europe 0.2%
Southern Europe 0.7%
Italy 0.3%
Portugal 0.0%
Other Southern Europe 0.4%
Eastern Europe 1.2%
Poland 0.2%
Russia 0.2%
Other Eastern Europe 0.9%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.0%
Asia 25.5%
Eastern Asia 6.0%
China 4.1%
China, excluding Taiwan 3.5%
Taiwan 0.6%
Japan 0.3%
Korea 1.5%
Other Eastern Asia 0.0%
South Central Asia 8.2%
India 6.1%
Iran 0.3%
Other South Central Asia 1.8%
Southeastern Asia 9.1%
Philippines 2.1%
Vietnam 3.5%
Other Southeastern Asia 3.5%
Western Asia 1.9%
Israel 0.0%
Lebanon 0.2%
Other Western Asia 1.7%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.3%
Africa 2.1%
Eastern Africa 0.5%
Northern Africa 0.3%
Western Africa 1.1%
Middle and Southern Africa 0.2%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.0%
Oceania 4.5%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.2%
Oceania (no country specified) 4.3%
Americas 61.9%
Latin America 59.9%
Caribbean 1.4%
Cuba 0.5%
Jamaica 0.2%
Other Caribbean 0.6%
Central America 55.7%
Mexico 41.5%
El Salvador 9.3%
Other Central America 5.0%
South America 2.8%
Brazil 0.5%
Colombia 0.2%
Other South America 2.0%
Northern America 2.0%
Canada 2.0%
Other Northern America 0.1%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 25.8%
1980-1989 22.8%
1990-1999 28.1%
Since 2000 23.4%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 73,690
Born in Africa 1,503
Born in Asia 15,846
Born in Europe 10,028
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 43,309
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 1,839
Cat28 1,165
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 El Salvador
Country #3 Germany
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 2.0%
Born in Asia 21.5%
Born in Europe 13.6%
Born in Latin America 58.8%
Born in Northern America 2.5%
Born in Oceania 1.6%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 45.7
Country #2 6.10%
Country #3 4.5
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 23,851
Born in Africa 651
Born in Asia 9,035
Born in Europe 7,847
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 4,571
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 1,431
Cat21 316
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 76
Country #2 Germany
Country #3 United Kingdom
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 2.7%
Born in Asia 37.9%
Born in Europe 32.9%
Born in Latin America 19.2%
Born in Northern America 6.0%
Born in Oceania 1.3%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 11.3
Country #2 10.9
Country #3 8.10%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 140,078
Naturalized citizens 45,139
Noncitizens 94,939
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 45,139
Before 1980 4,237
1980-1989 4,264
1990-1999 8,639
2000-2009 12,845
Since 2010 15,154
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 32.2%
Noncitizens 67.8%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 9.4%
1980-1989 9.4%
1990-1999 19.1%
2000-2009 28.5%
Since 2010 33.6%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 73,690
Naturalized citizens 22,055
Noncitizens 51,635
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 29.9%
Noncitizens 70.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 24,867
Naturalized citizens 12,121
Noncitizens 12,746
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 48.7%
Noncitizens 51.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 48,689
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 4,279
% married among women who gave birth
84.3%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
15.7%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 638,271
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 36,737
% married among women who gave birth 59.0%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 41.0%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2012-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3.25
Average family size 3.75
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.49
Average family size 3.1
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 663,663
Only native parent(s)
588,192
One or more foreign-born parents
75,471

Child is native

69,079

Child is foreign born

6,392
Children under age 6 with 215,615
Only native parent(s)
189,887
One or more foreign-born parents
25,728

Child is native

24,745

Child is foreign born

983
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 448,048
Only native parent(s)
398,305
One or more foreign-born parents
49,743

Child is native

44,334

Child is foreign born

5,409
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

323,735
Only native parents 276,751
One or more foreign-born parents 46,984
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 88.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 11.4%
Child is native 10.4%
Child is foreign born 1.0%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 88.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 11.9%
Child is native 11.5%
Child is foreign born 0.5%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 88.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 11.1%
Child is native 9.9%
Child is foreign born 1.2%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 85.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 14.5%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 635,371
Only native parent(s) 601,852
One or more foreign-born parents 33,519
Child is native 25,616
Child is foreign born 7,903
Children under age 6 with 205,272
Only native parent(s) 191,855
One or more foreign-born parents 13,417
Child is native 11,602
Child is foreign born 1,815
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 430,099
Only native parent(s) 409,997
One or more foreign-born parents 20,102
Child is native 14,014
Child is foreign born 6,088
Children in Low-Income Families* 305,897
Only native parents 286,039
One or more foreign-born parents 19,858
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 94.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 5.3%
Child is native 4.0%
Child is foreign born 1.2%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 93.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 6.5%
Child is native 5.7%
Child is foreign born 0.9%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.7%
Child is native 3.3%
Child is foreign born 1.4%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 93.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 6.5%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 591,363
Only native parent(s) 578,954
One or more foreign-born parents 12,409
Child is native 9,984
Child is foreign born 2,425
Children under age 6 with 192,934
Only native parent(s) 188,831
One or more foreign-born parents 4,103
Child is native 3,840
Child is foreign born 263
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 398,429
Only native parent(s) 390,123
One or more foreign-born parents 8,306
Child is native 6,144
Child is foreign born 2,162
Children in Low-Income Families* 316,251
Only native parents 310,248
One or more foreign-born parents 6,003
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 97.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.1%
Child is native 1.7%
Child is foreign born 0.4%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 97.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.1%
Child is native 2.0%
Child is foreign born 0.1%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 97.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.1%
Child is native 1.5%
Child is foreign born 0.5%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 98.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 1.9%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2017 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas, and Matthew Sobek. Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS) USA: Version 8.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2018. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V8.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.