E.g., 07/05/2020
E.g., 07/05/2020

State Demographics Data - AR

Arkansas

Demographics & Social
2018
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 143,709
% Foreign Born 4.8%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2018 95.0%
% change: 1990-2000 196.3%
Race (%)  
One race 97.6%
White
47.2%
Black or African American
3.2%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.4%
Asian
20.5%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
2.8%
Other race
23.5%
Two or more races 2.4%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 85,987
% Latino 59.8%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.4%
5-17 6.2%
18-64 85.4%
65 and older 8.0%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

39.7
Gender (% female) 50.0%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 25.0%
Married 63.8%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 11.2%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 2,870,116
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 10.4%
% change: 1990-2000 11.8%
Race (%)  
One race 97.0%
White 78.0%
Black or African American 15.8%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.7%
Asian 0.6%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.2%
Other race 1.8%
Two or more races 3.0%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 144,313
% Latino 5.0%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 6.5%
5-17 17.7%
18-64 58.5%
65 and older 17.3%
Median Age 38
Gender (% female) 51.1%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 29.6%
Married 47.8%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 22.6%
Foreign Born
Number 73,690
% Foreign Born 2.8%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 2,599,710
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 24,867
% Foreign Born 1.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 2,325,858
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

143,709
Born in Africa 4,601
Born in Asia 33,337
Born in Europe 8,983
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 89,085
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 2,121
Born in Oceania 5,582
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

143,709
Europe 8,983
Northern Europe 2,581
United Kingdom
2,021
Ireland
329
Other Northern Europe
231
Western Europe 2,892
France
516
Germany
2,050
Other Western Europe
326
Southern Europe 924
Italy
486
Portugal
0
Other Southern Europe
438
Eastern Europe 2,586
Poland
546
Russia
580
Other Eastern Europe
1,460
Other Europe (no country specified) 0
Asia 33,337
Eastern Asia 6,657
China
3,051

China, excluding Taiwan

2,644

Taiwan

407
Japan
1,041
Korea
2,565
Other Eastern Asia
0
South Central Asia 9,310
India
6,672
Iran
1,002
Other South Central Asia
1,636
Southeastern Asia 15,838
Philippines
3,117
Vietnam
5,889
Other Southeastern Asia
6,832
Western Asia 1,532
Israel
0
Lebanon
0
Other Western Asia
1,532
Other Asia (no country specified) 0
Africa 4,601
Eastern Africa 363
Northern Africa
270
Western Africa
1,262
Middle and Southern Africa
1,559
Other Africa (no country specified)
1,147
Oceania 5,582
Australia and New Zealand subregion 409
Oceania (no country specified) 5,173
Americas 91,206
Latin America 89,085
Caribbean
1,556

Cuba

722

Jamaica

70

Other Caribbean

764
Central America
82,054

Mexico

58,573

El Salvador

15,168

Other Central America

8,313
South America
5,475

Brazil

1,137

Colombia

1,850

Other South America

2,488
Northern America 2,121
Canada
2,077
Other Northern America
44
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 32,750
1990-1999 31,213
2000-2009 45,129
Since 2010 34,617
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 3.2%
Born in Asia 23.2%
Born in Europe 6.3%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 62.0%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 1.5%
Born in Oceania 3.9%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 6.3%
Northern Europe 1.8%
United Kingdom 1.4%
Ireland 0.2%
Other Northern Europe 0.2%
Western Europe 2.0%
France 0.4%
Germany 1.4%
Other Western Europe 0.2%
Southern Europe 0.6%
Italy 0.3%
Portugal 0.0%
Other Southern Europe 0.3%
Eastern Europe 1.8%
Poland 0.4%
Russia 0.4%
Other Eastern Europe 1.0%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.0%
Asia 23.2%
Eastern Asia 4.6%
China 2.1%
China, excluding Taiwan 1.8%
Taiwan 0.3%
Japan 0.7%
Korea 1.8%
Other Eastern Asia 0.0%
South Central Asia 6.5%
India 4.6%
Iran 0.7%
Other South Central Asia 1.1%
Southeastern Asia 11.0%
Philippines 2.2%
Vietnam 4.1%
Other Southeastern Asia 4.8%
Western Asia 1.1%
Israel 0.0%
Lebanon 0.0%
Other Western Asia 1.1%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.0%
Africa 3.2%
Eastern Africa 0.3%
Northern Africa 0.2%
Western Africa 0.9%
Middle and Southern Africa 1.1%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.8%
Oceania 3.9%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.3%
Oceania (no country specified) 3.6%
Americas 63.5%
Latin America 62.0%
Caribbean 1.1%
Cuba 0.5%
Jamaica 0.0%
Other Caribbean 0.5%
Central America 57.1%
Mexico 40.8%
El Salvador 10.6%
Other Central America 5.8%
South America 3.8%
Brazil 0.8%
Colombia 1.3%
Other South America 1.7%
Northern America 1.5%
Canada 1.4%
Other Northern America 0.0%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 22.8%
1980-1989 21.7%
1990-1999 31.4%
Since 2000 24.1%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 73,690
Born in Africa 1,503
Born in Asia 15,846
Born in Europe 10,028
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 43,309
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 1,839
Cat28 1,165
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 2.0%
Born in Asia 21.5%
Born in Europe 13.6%
Born in Latin America 58.8%
Born in Northern America 2.5%
Born in Oceania 1.6%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 23,851
Born in Africa 651
Born in Asia 9,035
Born in Europe 7,847
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 4,571
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 1,431
Cat21 316
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 2.7%
Born in Asia 37.9%
Born in Europe 32.9%
Born in Latin America 19.2%
Born in Northern America 6.0%
Born in Oceania 1.3%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 143,709
Naturalized citizens 50,266
Noncitizens 93,443
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 50,266
Before 1990 7,890
1990-1999 9,439
2000-2009 14,786
2010-2014 11,164
Since 2015 6,987
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 35.0%
Noncitizens 65.0%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 15.7%
1980-1989 18.8%
1990-1999 29.4%
2000-2009 22.2%
Since 2010 13.9%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 73,690
Naturalized citizens 22,055
Noncitizens 51,635
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 29.9%
Noncitizens 70.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 24,867
Naturalized citizens 12,121
Noncitizens 12,746
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 48.7%
Noncitizens 51.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 48,601
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 3,392
% married among women who gave birth
75.4%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
24.6%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 646,034
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 36,285
% married among women who gave birth 54.9%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 45.1%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3
Average family size 4
U.S. Born
Average household size 2
Average family size 3
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 656,612
Only native parent(s)
581,648
One or more foreign-born parents
74,964

Child is native

67,776

Child is foreign born

7,188
Children under age 6 with 213,739
Only native parent(s)
192,566
One or more foreign-born parents
21,173

Child is native

20,253

Child is foreign born

920
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 442,873
Only native parent(s)
389,082
One or more foreign-born parents
53,791

Child is native

47,523

Child is foreign born

6,268
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

325,342
Only native parents 279,047
One or more foreign-born parents 46,295
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 88.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 11.4%
Child is native 10.3%
Child is foreign born 1.1%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 90.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 9.9%
Child is native 9.5%
Child is foreign born 0.4%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 87.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 12.1%
Child is native 10.7%
Child is foreign born 1.4%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 85.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 14.2%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 635,371
Only native parent(s) 601,852
One or more foreign-born parents 33,519
Child is native 25,616
Child is foreign born 7,903
Children under age 6 with 205,272
Only native parent(s) 191,855
One or more foreign-born parents 13,417
Child is native 11,602
Child is foreign born 1,815
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 430,099
Only native parent(s) 409,997
One or more foreign-born parents 20,102
Child is native 14,014
Child is foreign born 6,088
Children in Low-Income Families* 305,897
Only native parents 286,039
One or more foreign-born parents 19,858
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 94.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 5.3%
Child is native 4.0%
Child is foreign born 1.2%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 93.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 6.5%
Child is native 5.7%
Child is foreign born 0.9%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.7%
Child is native 3.3%
Child is foreign born 1.4%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 93.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 6.5%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 591,363
Only native parent(s) 578,954
One or more foreign-born parents 12,409
Child is native 9,984
Child is foreign born 2,425
Children under age 6 with 192,934
Only native parent(s) 188,831
One or more foreign-born parents 4,103
Child is native 3,840
Child is foreign born 263
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 398,429
Only native parent(s) 390,123
One or more foreign-born parents 8,306
Child is native 6,144
Child is foreign born 2,162
Children in Low-Income Families* 316,251
Only native parents 310,248
One or more foreign-born parents 6,003
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 97.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.1%
Child is native 1.7%
Child is foreign born 0.4%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 97.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.1%
Child is native 2.0%
Child is foreign born 0.1%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 97.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.1%
Child is native 1.5%
Child is foreign born 0.5%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 98.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 1.9%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2018 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas, and Matthew Sobek. Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS) USA: Version 8.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2018. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V8.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.