E.g., 06/25/2018
E.g., 06/25/2018

State Demographics Data - AR

Arkansas

Demographics & Social
2016
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 138,592
% Foreign Born 4.6%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2016 88.1%
% change: 1990-2000 196.3%
Race (%)  
One race 97.0%
White
41.3%
Black or African American
3.4%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.3%
Asian
20.9%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
3.5%
Other race
27.5%
Two or more races 3.0%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 79,322
% Latino 57.2%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 1.0%
5-17 5.9%
18-64 84.4%
65 and older 8.7%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2012-2016 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2016 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

38.7
Gender (% female) 50.6%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 25.5%
Married 62.4%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 12.1%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 2,849,656
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 9.6%
% change: 1990-2000 11.8%
Race (%)  
One race 97.4%
White 78.4%
Black or African American 16.1%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.6%
Asian 0.5%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.1%
Other race 1.7%
Two or more races 2.6%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 135,222
% Latino 4.7%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 6.6%
5-17 17.9%
18-64 58.9%
65 and older 16.6%
Median Age 37.8
Gender (% female) 50.9%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 28.2%
Married 48.2%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 23.6%
Foreign Born
Number 73,690
% Foreign Born 2.8%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 2,599,710
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 24,867
% Foreign Born 1.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 2,325,858
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

138,592
Born in Africa 5,137
Born in Asia 32,915
Born in Europe 10,941
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 81,631
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 1,794
Born in Oceania 6,174
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 El Salvador
Country #3 India
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

138,592
Europe 10,941
Northern Europe 2,525
United Kingdom
1,989
Ireland
97
Other Northern Europe
439
Western Europe 4,657
France
611
Germany
3,083
Other Western Europe
963
Southern Europe 740
Italy
479
Portugal
0
Other Southern Europe
261
Eastern Europe 2,999
Poland
232
Russia
545
Other Eastern Europe
2,222
Other Europe (no country specified) 20
Asia 32,915
Eastern Asia 8,048
China
5,112

China, excluding Taiwan

4,968

Taiwan

144
Japan
812
Korea
1,883
Other Eastern Asia
241
South Central Asia 11,410
India
8,288
Iran
443
Other South Central Asia
2,679
Southeastern Asia 11,632
Philippines
4,265
Vietnam
3,000
Other Southeastern Asia
4,367
Western Asia 1,602
Israel
0
Lebanon
0
Other Western Asia
1,602
Other Asia (no country specified) 223
Africa 5,137
Eastern Africa 1,093
Northern Africa
970
Western Africa
1,320
Middle and Southern Africa
1,089
Other Africa (no country specified)
665
Oceania 6,174
Australia and New Zealand subregion 196
Oceania (no country specified) 5,978
Americas 83,425
Latin America 81,631
Caribbean
2,664

Cuba

1,049

Jamaica

490

Other Caribbean

1,125
Central America
75,536

Mexico

57,540

El Salvador

11,174

Other Central America

6,822
South America
3,431

Brazil

665

Colombia

751

Other South America

2,015
Northern America 1,794
Canada
1,794
Other Northern America
0
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 31,806
1990-1999 36,634
2000-2009 39,666
Since 2010 30,486
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 3.7%
Born in Asia 23.7%
Born in Europe 7.9%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 58.9%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 1.3%
Born in Oceania 4.5%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 50.00
Country #2 7.20%
Country #3 6.80
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 7.9%
Northern Europe 1.8%
United Kingdom 1.4%
Ireland 0.1%
Other Northern Europe 0.3%
Western Europe 3.4%
France 0.4%
Germany 2.2%
Other Western Europe 0.7%
Southern Europe 0.5%
Italy 0.3%
Portugal 0.0%
Other Southern Europe 0.2%
Eastern Europe 2.2%
Poland 0.2%
Russia 0.4%
Other Eastern Europe 1.6%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.0%
Asia 23.7%
Eastern Asia 5.8%
China 3.7%
China, excluding Taiwan 3.6%
Taiwan 0.1%
Japan 0.6%
Korea 1.4%
Other Eastern Asia 0.2%
South Central Asia 8.2%
India 6.0%
Iran 0.3%
Other South Central Asia 1.9%
Southeastern Asia 8.4%
Philippines 3.1%
Vietnam 2.2%
Other Southeastern Asia 3.2%
Western Asia 1.2%
Israel 0.0%
Lebanon 0.0%
Other Western Asia 1.2%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.2%
Africa 3.7%
Eastern Africa 0.8%
Northern Africa 0.7%
Western Africa 1.0%
Middle and Southern Africa 0.8%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.5%
Oceania 4.5%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.1%
Oceania (no country specified) 4.3%
Americas 60.2%
Latin America 58.9%
Caribbean 1.9%
Cuba 0.8%
Jamaica 0.4%
Other Caribbean 0.8%
Central America 54.5%
Mexico 41.5%
El Salvador 8.1%
Other Central America 4.9%
South America 2.5%
Brazil 0.5%
Colombia 0.5%
Other South America 1.5%
Northern America 1.3%
Canada 1.3%
Other Northern America 0.0%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 22.9%
1980-1989 26.4%
1990-1999 28.6%
Since 2000 22.0%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 73,690
Born in Africa 1,503
Born in Asia 15,846
Born in Europe 10,028
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 43,309
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 1,839
Cat28 1,165
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 El Salvador
Country #3 Germany
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 2.0%
Born in Asia 21.5%
Born in Europe 13.6%
Born in Latin America 58.8%
Born in Northern America 2.5%
Born in Oceania 1.6%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 45.70
Country #2 6.10%
Country #3 4.50
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 23,851
Born in Africa 651
Born in Asia 9,035
Born in Europe 7,847
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 4,571
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 1,431
Cat21 316
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 Germany
Country #3 United Kingdom
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 2.7%
Born in Asia 37.9%
Born in Europe 32.9%
Born in Latin America 19.2%
Born in Northern America 6.0%
Born in Oceania 1.3%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 11.30
Country #2 10.90
Country #3 8.10%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 138,592
Naturalized citizens 44,284
Noncitizens 94,308
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 44,284
Before 1980 5,180
1980-1989 3,950
1990-1999 8,934
2000-2009 15,123
Since 2010 11,097
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 32.0%
Noncitizens 68.0%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 11.7%
1980-1989 8.9%
1990-1999 20.2%
2000-2009 34.2%
Since 2010 25.1%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 73,690
Naturalized citizens 22,055
Noncitizens 51,635
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 29.9%
Noncitizens 70.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 24,867
Naturalized citizens 12,121
Noncitizens 12,746
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 48.7%
Noncitizens 51.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 47,554
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 3,434
% married among women who gave birth
85.1%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
14.9%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 641,532
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 35,149
% married among women who gave birth 58.6%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 41.4%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2012-2016 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2016 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3.44
Average family size 3.89
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.49
Average family size 3.11
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 655,847
Only native parent(s)
576,843
One or more foreign-born parents
79,004

Child is native

72,448

Child is foreign born

6,556
Children under age 6 with 212,123
Only native parent(s)
185,814
One or more foreign-born parents
26,309

Child is native

24,704

Child is foreign born

1,605
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 443,724
Only native parent(s)
391,029
One or more foreign-born parents
52,695

Child is native

47,744

Child is foreign born

4,951
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

330,139
Only native parents 276,409
One or more foreign-born parents 53,730
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 88.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 12.0%
Child is native 11.0%
Child is foreign born 1.0%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 87.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 12.4%
Child is native 11.6%
Child is foreign born 0.8%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 88.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 11.9%
Child is native 10.8%
Child is foreign born 1.1%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 83.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 16.3%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 635,371
Only native parent(s) 601,852
One or more foreign-born parents 33,519
Child is native 25,616
Child is foreign born 7,903
Children under age 6 with 205,272
Only native parent(s) 191,855
One or more foreign-born parents 13,417
Child is native 11,602
Child is foreign born 1,815
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 430,099
Only native parent(s) 409,997
One or more foreign-born parents 20,102
Child is native 14,014
Child is foreign born 6,088
Children in Low-Income Families* 305,897
Only native parents 286,039
One or more foreign-born parents 19,858
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 94.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 5.3%
Child is native 4.0%
Child is foreign born 1.2%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 93.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 6.5%
Child is native 5.7%
Child is foreign born 0.9%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.7%
Child is native 3.3%
Child is foreign born 1.4%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 93.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 6.5%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 591,363
Only native parent(s) 578,954
One or more foreign-born parents 12,409
Child is native 9,984
Child is foreign born 2,425
Children under age 6 with 192,934
Only native parent(s) 188,831
One or more foreign-born parents 4,103
Child is native 3,840
Child is foreign born 263
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 398,429
Only native parent(s) 390,123
One or more foreign-born parents 8,306
Child is native 6,144
Child is foreign born 2,162
Children in Low-Income Families* 316,251
Only native parents 310,248
One or more foreign-born parents 6,003
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 97.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.1%
Child is native 1.7%
Child is foreign born 0.4%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 97.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.1%
Child is native 2.0%
Child is foreign born 0.1%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 97.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.1%
Child is native 1.5%
Child is foreign born 0.5%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 98.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 1.9%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2016 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2012-2016 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2016 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.