E.g., 03/04/2024
E.g., 03/04/2024
State Income Data - AL
 

Alabama

Income & Poverty
2022
2000
1990
Poverty

Note: Poverty status is not determined for unrelated individuals under the age of 15 (such as foster children) or for persons lacking conventional housing.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%)

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2018-2022 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2022 ACS.

186,722
Below 100% of the poverty level 19.4%
100-199% of the poverty level 19.8%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 60.8%
People in Poverty: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2022 110.1%
% change: 1990-2000 156.0%
% Families in Poverty by Family Type

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2018-2022 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2022 ACS.

 
All families (among those for whom poverty status is determined) 16.7%
With related children under age 18
24.4%
With related children under age 5
19.4%
Married-couple families 14.2%
With related children under age 18
21.3%
With related children under age 5
17.1%
Families with female householder, no husband present 28.2%
With related children under age 18
40.0%
With related children under age 5
59.0%
Poverty by U.S. Citizenship Status (among the foreign born)  
Naturalized citizens 77,459
Below 100% of the poverty level
12.7%
100-199% of the poverty level
13.5%
At or above 200% of the poverty level
73.8%
Noncitizens 109,263
Below 100% of the poverty level
24.2%
100-199% of the poverty level
24.3%
At or above 200% of the poverty level
51.5%
Foreign Born Living in Poverty by Region of Birth

Note: The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Born in Africa N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N
Born in Asia N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N
Born in Europe 22,355
Below 100% of the poverty level
6.3%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 87,906
Below 100% of the poverty level
28.8%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N
Born in Oceania N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 4,742,473
Below 100% of the poverty level 16.1%
100-199% of the poverty level 18.5%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 65.4%
People in Poverty: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 12.9%
% change: 1990-2000 -4.7%
% Families in Poverty by Family Type  
All families (among those for whom poverty status is determined) 11.7%
With related children under age 18
18.7%
With related children under age 5
21.6%
Married-couple families 4.9%
With related children under age 18
6.0%
With related children under age 5
7.5%
Families with female householder, no husband present 31.9%
With related children under age 18
42.9%
With related children under age 5
50.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 87,069
Below 100% of the poverty level 19.8%
100-199% of the poverty level 23.1%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 57.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 4,253,026
Below 100% of the poverty level 15.9%
100-199% of the poverty level 20.1%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 64.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 39,847
Below 100% of the poverty level 16.9%
100-199% of the poverty level 17.4%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 65.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 3,900,206
Below 100% of the poverty level 18.2%
100-199% of the poverty level 22.0%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 59.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Poverty by Language Spoken at Home Number
Household population (among those for whom poverty status is determined, age 5 and older) 4,649,967
Below 100% of the poverty level 728,822
Speaks only English
4,380,780
Below 100% of the poverty level 673,751
Speaks Spanish
166,048
Below 100% of the poverty level 43,596
Speaks other Indo-European languages
39,243
Below 100% of the poverty level 3,602
Speaks Asian or Pacific Island languages
43,884
Below 100% of the poverty level 3,273
Speaks other languages
20,012
Below 100% of the poverty level 4,600
%
Household population (among those for whom poverty status is determined, age 5 and older) 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 15.7%
Speaks only English 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 15.4%
Speaks only Spanish 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 26.3%
Speaks other Indo-European languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 9.2%
Speaks Asian or Pacific Island languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 7.5%
Speaks other languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 23.0%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Earnings

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2018-2022 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2022 ACS.

Foreign Born
Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older). Earnings in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) 87,972
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss 1.6%
Earned $10,000-$14,999 3.4%
Earned $15,000-$24,999 16.1%
Earned $25,000-$34,999 18.7%
Earned $35,000-$49,999 17.0%
Earned $50,000-$74,999 18.5%
Earned $75,000 or more 24.7%
Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) Earnings in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) by U.S. Citizenship  
Naturalized citizens (%) 39,796
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss
1.0%
Earned $10,000-$14,999
4.9%
Earned $15,000-$24,999
12.6%
Earned $25,000-$34,999
15.3%
Earned $35,000-$49,999
18.0%
Earned $50,000-$74,999
17.7%
Earned $75,000 or more
30.5%
Noncitizens (%) 48,176
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss
2.0%
Earned $10,000-$14,999
2.2%
Earned $15,000-$24,999
19.1%
Earned $25,000-$34,999
21.6%
Earned $35,000-$49,999
16.1%
Earned $50,000-$74,999
19.1%
Earned $75,000 or more
19.8%
Median Earnings of Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars by Gender Foreign Born
Male $45,019
Female $38,102
Median Earnings of Foreign-Born Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars by U.S. Citizenship Status and Gender  
Naturalized citizens  
Male
$55,929
Female
$39,783
Noncitizens  
Male
$41,047
Female
$32,330
U.S. Born
Earnings of Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) 1,635,674
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss 2.3%
Earned $10,000-$14,999 2.9%
Earned $15,000-$24,999 9.9%
Earned $25,000-$34,999 15.3%
Earned $35,000-$49,999 19.7%
Earned $50,000-$74,999 23.4%
Earned $75,000 or more 26.6%
Nothing 1  
Nothing 2  
Nothing 3  
Nothing 4  
Nothing 5  
Nothing 6  
Nothing 7  
Nothing 8  
Nothing 9  
Nothing 10  
Nothing 11  
Nothing 12  
Nothing 13  
Nothing 14  
Nothing 15  
Nothing 16  
Nothing 17  
Native Born Native Born
Male $56,333
Female $42,103
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Median Household Income

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2018-2022 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2022 ACS.

Foreign Born
Median Household Income $63,856
Median Household Income by U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized citizens $75,813
Noncitizens $59,052
U.S. Born
Median Household Income $59,449
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
Home Ownership Rate

Note: 1) Refers to the percentage owner households represent among all occupied households. 2) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2018-2022 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2022 ACS. 3) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Home Ownership Rate 59.7%
Home Ownership Rate by Householder's U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized citizens 80.1%
Noncitizens 42.6%
U.S. Born
Home Ownership Rate 70.7%
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
Health Insurance Coverage

Note: Since some people may hold both private and public health insurance coverage at the same time, estimates of those with private health insurance and those with public coverage may overlap. Their sum therefore may be greater than the total number of people with health insurance.

Foreign Born
Civilian noninstitutionalized population (%) 188,459
With health insurance 70.4%
With private health insurance
59.2%
With public coverage
18.1%
No health insurance coverage 29.6%
Health Insurance Coverage by U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized Citizens (%) 78,097
With health insurance 90.0%
With private health insurance
74.6%
With public coverage
27.8%
No health insurance coverage 10.0%
Noncitizens (%) 110,362
With health insurance 56.6%
With private health insurance
48.3%
With public coverage
11.3%
No health insurance coverage 43.4%
U.S. Born
Civilian noninstitutionalized population (%) 4,800,166
With health insurance 92.1%
With private health insurance
67.3%
With public coverage
39.2%
No health insurance coverage 7.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2022 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, click here. For ACS methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Matthew Sobek, Daniel Backman, Annie Chen, Grace Cooper, Stephanie Richards, Renae Rogers, and Megan Schouweiler. IPUMS USA: Version 14.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2023. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V14.0​.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • Poverty status is not determined for unrelated individuals under the age of 15 (such as foster children) or for persons lacking conventional housing. 
  • The term “home ownership rate” refers to the percentage owner households represent among all occupied households.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Poverty,” “Earnings,” “Median Household Income,” and “Home Ownership Rate”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2018-2022 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2022 ACS.
  • In the “% Families in Poverty by Family Type” section, “related children” refer to “related children of the householder.”
  • “Health Insurance Coverage”: Private coverage includes employer- or union-provided insurance, insurance purchased directly, and TRICARE (the health program of the U.S. military) or other military health care. Public coverage includes Medicare, Medicaid, or another governmental medical assistance program, and Veterans Administration health care. Individuals can be covered by more than one type of insurance, and they can be covered by both private and public insurers. Since some people may hold both private and public health insurance coverage at the same time, estimates of those with private health insurance and those with public coverage may overlap. Their sum therefore may be greater than the total number of people with health insurance.