E.g., 09/18/2021
E.g., 09/18/2021
State Income Data - AL
 

Alabama

Income & Poverty
2019
2000
1990
Poverty

Note: Poverty status is not determined for unrelated individuals under the age of 15 (such as foster children) or for persons lacking conventional housing.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%)

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.

171,618
Below 100% of the poverty level 18.4%
100-199% of the poverty level 22.9%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 58.7%
People in Poverty: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2019 83.2%
% change: 1990-2000 156.0%
% Families in Poverty by Family Type

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.

 
All families (among those for whom poverty status is determined) 18.2%
With related children under age 18
24.9%
With related children under age 5
34.9%
Married-couple families 15.2%
With related children under age 18
21.6%
With related children under age 5
36.5%
Families with female householder, no husband present 35.0%
With related children under age 18
40.3%
With related children under age 5
31.8%
Poverty by U.S. Citizenship Status (among the foreign born)  
Naturalized citizens 76,551
Below 100% of the poverty level
9.9%
100-199% of the poverty level
14.1%
At or above 200% of the poverty level
76.0%
Noncitizens 95,067
Below 100% of the poverty level
25.3%
100-199% of the poverty level
30.0%
At or above 200% of the poverty level
44.7%
Foreign Born Living in Poverty by Region of Birth

Note: The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Born in Africa N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N
Born in Asia N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N
Born in Europe 19,805
Below 100% of the poverty level
18.5%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 82,250
Below 100% of the poverty level
23.6%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N
Born in Oceania N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 4,610,070
Below 100% of the poverty level 15.3%
100-199% of the poverty level 19.9%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 64.8%
People in Poverty: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 4.3%
% change: 1990-2000 -4.7%
% Families in Poverty by Family Type  
All families (among those for whom poverty status is determined) 10.9%
With related children under age 18
18.0%
With related children under age 5
17.9%
Married-couple families 4.7%
With related children under age 18
5.8%
With related children under age 5
5.5%
Families with female householder, no husband present 29.5%
With related children under age 18
42.1%
With related children under age 5
49.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 87,069
Below 100% of the poverty level 19.8%
100-199% of the poverty level 23.1%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 57.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 4,253,026
Below 100% of the poverty level 15.9%
100-199% of the poverty level 20.1%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 64.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 39,847
Below 100% of the poverty level 16.9%
100-199% of the poverty level 17.4%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 65.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 3,900,206
Below 100% of the poverty level 18.2%
100-199% of the poverty level 22.0%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 59.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Poverty by Language Spoken at Home Number
Household population (among those for whom poverty status is determined, age 5 and older) 4,500,487
Below 100% of the poverty level 671,385
Speaks only English
4,251,132
Below 100% of the poverty level 619,617
Speaks Spanish
162,612
Below 100% of the poverty level 37,803
Speaks other Indo-European languages
36,605
Below 100% of the poverty level 5,477
Speaks Asian or Pacific Island languages
41,437
Below 100% of the poverty level 5,519
Speaks other languages
8,701
Below 100% of the poverty level 2,969
%
Household population (among those for whom poverty status is determined, age 5 and older) 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 14.9%
Speaks only English 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 14.6%
Speaks only Spanish 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 23.2%
Speaks other Indo-European languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 15.0%
Speaks Asian or Pacific Island languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 13.3%
Speaks other languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 34.1%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Earnings

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.

Foreign Born
Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older). Earnings in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) 76,301
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss 1.8%
Earned $10,000-$14,999 3.9%
Earned $15,000-$24,999 23.3%
Earned $25,000-$34,999 18.9%
Earned $35,000-$49,999 19.0%
Earned $50,000-$74,999 16.8%
Earned $75,000 or more 16.3%
Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) Earnings in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) by U.S. Citizenship  
Naturalized citizens (%) 36,065
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss
1.4%
Earned $10,000-$14,999
2.3%
Earned $15,000-$24,999
16.0%
Earned $25,000-$34,999
13.8%
Earned $35,000-$49,999
20.6%
Earned $50,000-$74,999
22.6%
Earned $75,000 or more
23.2%
Noncitizens (%) 40,236
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss
2.1%
Earned $10,000-$14,999
5.3%
Earned $15,000-$24,999
29.8%
Earned $25,000-$34,999
23.5%
Earned $35,000-$49,999
17.6%
Earned $50,000-$74,999
11.5%
Earned $75,000 or more
10.2%
Median Earnings of Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars by Gender Foreign Born
Male $37,376
Female $34,363
Median Earnings of Foreign-Born Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars by U.S. Citizenship Status and Gender  
Naturalized citizens  
Male
$50,096
Female
$42,291
Noncitizens  
Male
$30,798
Female
$26,992
U.S. Born
Earnings of Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) 1,550,669
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss 2.0%
Earned $10,000-$14,999 3.5%
Earned $15,000-$24,999 14.5%
Earned $25,000-$34,999 17.1%
Earned $35,000-$49,999 20.5%
Earned $50,000-$74,999 22.8%
Earned $75,000 or more 19.8%
Nothing 1  
Nothing 2  
Nothing 3  
Nothing 4  
Nothing 5  
Nothing 6  
Nothing 7  
Nothing 8  
Nothing 9  
Nothing 10  
Nothing 11  
Nothing 12  
Nothing 13  
Nothing 14  
Nothing 15  
Nothing 16  
Nothing 17  
Native Born Native Born
Male $50,403
Female $37,224
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Median Household Income

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.

Foreign Born
Median Household Income $46,493
Median Household Income by U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized citizens $64,342
Noncitizens $35,663
U.S. Born
Median Household Income $51,904
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
Home Ownership Rate

Note: 1) Refers to the percentage owner households represent among all occupied households. 2) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS. 3) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Home Ownership Rate 54.8%
Home Ownership Rate by Householder's U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized citizens 69.3%
Noncitizens 41.2%
U.S. Born
Home Ownership Rate 69.3%
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
Health Insurance Coverage

Note: Since some people may hold both private and public health insurance coverage at the same time, estimates of those with private health insurance and those with public coverage may overlap. Their sum therefore may be greater than the total number of people with health insurance.

Foreign Born
Civilian noninstitutionalized population (%) 172,850
With health insurance 70.5%
With private health insurance
60.6%
With public coverage
18.2%
No health insurance coverage 29.5%
Health Insurance Coverage by U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized Citizens (%) 76,155
With health insurance 88.7%
With private health insurance
77.9%
With public coverage
26.0%
No health insurance coverage 11.3%
Noncitizens (%) 96,695
With health insurance 56.2%
With private health insurance
47.1%
With public coverage
12.0%
No health insurance coverage 43.8%
U.S. Born
Civilian noninstitutionalized population (%) 4,649,664
With health insurance 91.0%
With private health insurance
67.2%
With public coverage
38.0%
No health insurance coverage 9.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2019 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas and Matthew Sobek. IPUMS USA: Version 10.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2020. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V10.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • Poverty status is not determined for unrelated individuals under the age of 15 (such as foster children) or for persons lacking conventional housing. 
  • The term “home ownership rate” refers to the percentage owner households represent among all occupied households.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Poverty,” “Earnings,” “Median Household Income,” and “Home Ownership Rate”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.
  • In the “% Families in Poverty by Family Type” section, “related children” refer to “related children of the householder.”
  • “Health Insurance Coverage”: Private coverage includes employer- or union-provided insurance, insurance purchased directly, and TRICARE (the health program of the U.S. military) or other military health care. Public coverage includes Medicare, Medicaid, or another governmental medical assistance program, and Veterans Administration health care. Individuals can be covered by more than one type of insurance, and they can be covered by both private and public insurers. Since some people may hold both private and public health insurance coverage at the same time, estimates of those with private health insurance and those with public coverage may overlap. Their sum therefore may be greater than the total number of people with health insurance.