E.g., 01/22/2020
E.g., 01/22/2020

State Income Data - AL

Alabama

Income & Poverty
2017
2000
1990
Poverty

Note: Poverty status is not determined for unrelated individuals under the age of 15 (such as foster children) or for persons lacking conventional housing.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%)

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS.

165,954
Below 100% of the poverty level 22.8%
100-199% of the poverty level 22.7%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 54.5%
People in Poverty: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2017 119.5%
% change: 1990-2000 156.0%
% Families in Poverty by Family Type

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS.

 
All families (among those for whom poverty status is determined) 24.8%
With related children under age 18
34.1%
With related children under age 5
31.1%
Married-couple families 19.6%
With related children under age 18
27.2%
With related children under age 5
22.9%
Families with female householder, no husband present 43.6%
With related children under age 18
56.2%
With related children under age 5
61.1%
Poverty by U.S. Citizenship Status (among the foreign born)  
Naturalized citizens 66,551
Below 100% of the poverty level
10.5%
100-199% of the poverty level
20.1%
At or above 200% of the poverty level
69.4%
Noncitizens 99,403
Below 100% of the poverty level
31.0%
100-199% of the poverty level
24.5%
At or above 200% of the poverty level
44.5%
Foreign Born Living in Poverty by Region of Birth

Note: The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Born in Africa N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N
Born in Asia N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N
Born in Europe 18,443
Below 100% of the poverty level
9.7%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 78,715
Below 100% of the poverty level
31.8%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N
Born in Oceania N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 4,586,606
Below 100% of the poverty level 16.7%
100-199% of the poverty level 20.2%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 63.1%
People in Poverty: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 13.3%
% change: 1990-2000 -4.7%
% Families in Poverty by Family Type  
All families (among those for whom poverty status is determined) 12.3%
With related children under age 18
20.4%
With related children under age 5
21.5%
Married-couple families 4.8%
With related children under age 18
6.3%
With related children under age 5
6.1%
Families with female householder, no husband present 35.0%
With related children under age 18
45.3%
With related children under age 5
51.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 87,069
Below 100% of the poverty level 19.8%
100-199% of the poverty level 23.1%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 57.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 4,253,026
Below 100% of the poverty level 15.9%
100-199% of the poverty level 20.1%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 64.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 39,847
Below 100% of the poverty level 16.9%
100-199% of the poverty level 17.4%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 65.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 3,900,206
Below 100% of the poverty level 18.2%
100-199% of the poverty level 22.0%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 59.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Poverty by Language Spoken at Home Number
Household population (among those for whom poverty status is determined, age 5 and older) 4,469,790
Below 100% of the poverty level 722,575
Speaks only English
4,240,888
Below 100% of the poverty level 661,278
Speaks Spanish
138,077
Below 100% of the poverty level 46,610
Speaks other Indo-European languages
37,603
Below 100% of the poverty level 4,216
Speaks Asian or Pacific Island languages
41,292
Below 100% of the poverty level 6,365
Speaks other languages
11,930
Below 100% of the poverty level 4,106
%
Household population (among those for whom poverty status is determined, age 5 and older) 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 16.2%
Speaks only English 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 15.6%
Speaks only Spanish 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 33.8%
Speaks other Indo-European languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 11.2%
Speaks Asian or Pacific Island languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 15.4%
Speaks other languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 34.4%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Earnings

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS.

Foreign Born
Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older). Earnings in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) 73,157
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss 1.0%
Earned $10,000-$14,999 7.3%
Earned $15,000-$24,999 24.3%
Earned $25,000-$34,999 19.2%
Earned $35,000-$49,999 15.3%
Earned $50,000-$74,999 14.7%
Earned $75,000 or more 18.3%
Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) Earnings in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) by U.S. Citizenship  
Naturalized citizens (%) 30,180
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss
0.6%
Earned $10,000-$14,999
5.3%
Earned $15,000-$24,999
15.1%
Earned $25,000-$34,999
16.4%
Earned $35,000-$49,999
16.5%
Earned $50,000-$74,999
24.1%
Earned $75,000 or more
22.0%
Noncitizens (%) 42,977
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss
1.3%
Earned $10,000-$14,999
8.8%
Earned $15,000-$24,999
30.7%
Earned $25,000-$34,999
21.1%
Earned $35,000-$49,999
14.4%
Earned $50,000-$74,999
8.1%
Earned $75,000 or more
15.6%
Median Earnings of Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars by Gender Foreign Born
Male $33,970
Female $31,934
Median Earnings of Foreign-Born Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars by U.S. Citizenship Status and Gender  
Naturalized citizens  
Male
$50,053
Female
$45,193
Noncitizens  
Male
$28,576
Female
$25,267
U.S. Born
Earnings of Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) 1,454,768
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss 1.7%
Earned $10,000-$14,999 3.9%
Earned $15,000-$24,999 16.1%
Earned $25,000-$34,999 17.6%
Earned $35,000-$49,999 20.0%
Earned $50,000-$74,999 21.9%
Earned $75,000 or more 18.8%
Nothing 1  
Nothing 2  
Nothing 3  
Nothing 4  
Nothing 5  
Nothing 6  
Nothing 7  
Nothing 8  
Nothing 9  
Nothing 10  
Nothing 11  
Nothing 12  
Nothing 13  
Nothing 14  
Nothing 15  
Nothing 16  
Nothing 17  
Native Born Native Born
Male $49,189
Female $35,476
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Median Household Income

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS.

Foreign Born
Median Household Income $43,689
Median Household Income by U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized citizens $54,554
Noncitizens $36,464
U.S. Born
Median Household Income $48,345
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
Home Ownership Rate

Note: 1) Refers to the percentage owner households represent among all occupied households. 2) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS. 3) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Home Ownership Rate 51.7%
Home Ownership Rate by Householder's U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized citizens 72.3%
Noncitizens 36.4%
U.S. Born
Home Ownership Rate 68.7%
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
Health Insurance Coverage

Note: Since some people may hold both private and public health insurance coverage at the same time, estimates of those with public health insurance and those with public coverage may overlap. Their sum therefore may be greater than the total number of people with health insurance.

Foreign Born
Civilian noninstitutionalized population (%) 167,024
With health insurance 66.6%
With private health insurance
58.1%
With public coverage
15.4%
No health insurance coverage 33.4%
Health Insurance Coverage by U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized Citizens (%) 66,313
With health insurance 87.8%
With private health insurance
75.3%
With public coverage
24.0%
No health insurance coverage 12.2%
Noncitizens (%) 100,711
With health insurance 52.7%
With private health insurance
46.8%
With public coverage
9.7%
No health insurance coverage 47.3%
U.S. Born
Civilian noninstitutionalized population (%) 4,626,488
With health insurance 91.5%
With private health insurance
67.2%
With public coverage
38.6%
No health insurance coverage 8.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2017 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas, and Matthew Sobek. Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS) USA: Version 8.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2018. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V8.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • Poverty status is not determined for unrelated individuals under the age of 15 (such as foster children) or for persons lacking conventional housing. 
  • The term “home ownership rate” refers to the percentage owner households represent among all occupied households.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Poverty,” “Earnings,” “Median Household Income,” and “Home Ownership Rate”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS.
  • In the “% Families in Poverty by Family Type” section, “related children” refer to “related children of the householder.”
  • “Health Insurance Coverage”: Since some people may hold both private and public health insurance coverage at the same time, estimates of those with public health insurance and those with public coverage may overlap. Their sum therefore may be greater than the total number of people with health insurance.