E.g., 12/05/2020
E.g., 12/05/2020

State Income Data - AL

Alabama

Income & Poverty
2018
2000
1990
Poverty

Note: Poverty status is not determined for unrelated individuals under the age of 15 (such as foster children) or for persons lacking conventional housing.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%)

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.

157,563
Below 100% of the poverty level 19.4%
100-199% of the poverty level 24.0%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 56.6%
People in Poverty: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2018 77.3%
% change: 1990-2000 156.0%
% Families in Poverty by Family Type

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.

 
All families (among those for whom poverty status is determined) 19.1%
With related children under age 18
25.7%
With related children under age 5
18.3%
Married-couple families 15.0%
With related children under age 18
19.7%
With related children under age 5
16.0%
Families with female householder, no husband present 42.8%
With related children under age 18
53.1%
With related children under age 5
41.1%
Poverty by U.S. Citizenship Status (among the foreign born)  
Naturalized citizens 66,439
Below 100% of the poverty level
11.9%
100-199% of the poverty level
17.5%
At or above 200% of the poverty level
70.6%
Noncitizens 91,124
Below 100% of the poverty level
24.9%
100-199% of the poverty level
28.7%
At or above 200% of the poverty level
46.4%
Foreign Born Living in Poverty by Region of Birth

Note: The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Born in Africa N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N
Born in Asia N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N
Born in Europe 20,249
Below 100% of the poverty level
11.7%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 75,325
Below 100% of the poverty level
28.0%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N
Born in Oceania N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 4,606,265
Below 100% of the poverty level 16.7%
100-199% of the poverty level 19.6%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 63.7%
People in Poverty: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 13.8%
% change: 1990-2000 -4.7%
% Families in Poverty by Family Type  
All families (among those for whom poverty status is determined) 12.0%
With related children under age 18
19.9%
With related children under age 5
20.9%
Married-couple families 5.0%
With related children under age 18
7.0%
With related children under age 5
8.2%
Families with female householder, no husband present 34.6%
With related children under age 18
46.7%
With related children under age 5
48.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 87,069
Below 100% of the poverty level 19.8%
100-199% of the poverty level 23.1%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 57.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 4,253,026
Below 100% of the poverty level 15.9%
100-199% of the poverty level 20.1%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 64.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 39,847
Below 100% of the poverty level 16.9%
100-199% of the poverty level 17.4%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 65.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 3,900,206
Below 100% of the poverty level 18.2%
100-199% of the poverty level 22.0%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 59.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Poverty by Language Spoken at Home Number
Household population (among those for whom poverty status is determined, age 5 and older) 4,481,817
Below 100% of the poverty level 726,948
Speaks only English
4,244,790
Below 100% of the poverty level 671,471
Speaks Spanish
147,755
Below 100% of the poverty level 45,423
Speaks other Indo-European languages
42,982
Below 100% of the poverty level 4,025
Speaks Asian or Pacific Island languages
35,850
Below 100% of the poverty level 3,635
Speaks other languages
10,440
Below 100% of the poverty level 2,394
%
Household population (among those for whom poverty status is determined, age 5 and older) 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 16.2%
Speaks only English 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 15.8%
Speaks only Spanish 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 30.7%
Speaks other Indo-European languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 9.4%
Speaks Asian or Pacific Island languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 10.1%
Speaks other languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 22.9%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Earnings

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.

Foreign Born
Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older). Earnings in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) 68,744
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss 2.1%
Earned $10,000-$14,999 4.5%
Earned $15,000-$24,999 22.3%
Earned $25,000-$34,999 18.0%
Earned $35,000-$49,999 17.2%
Earned $50,000-$74,999 14.6%
Earned $75,000 or more 21.2%
Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) Earnings in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) by U.S. Citizenship  
Naturalized citizens (%) 30,163
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss
1.3%
Earned $10,000-$14,999
5.4%
Earned $15,000-$24,999
16.9%
Earned $25,000-$34,999
15.4%
Earned $35,000-$49,999
16.2%
Earned $50,000-$74,999
17.0%
Earned $75,000 or more
27.6%
Noncitizens (%) 38,581
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss
2.7%
Earned $10,000-$14,999
3.8%
Earned $15,000-$24,999
26.5%
Earned $25,000-$34,999
19.9%
Earned $35,000-$49,999
18.0%
Earned $50,000-$74,999
12.8%
Earned $75,000 or more
16.1%
Median Earnings of Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars by Gender Foreign Born
Male $36,901
Female $31,977
Median Earnings of Foreign-Born Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars by U.S. Citizenship Status and Gender  
Naturalized citizens  
Male
$44,385
Female
$42,283
Noncitizens  
Male
$35,362
Female
$28,355
U.S. Born
Earnings of Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) 1,495,499
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss 1.9%
Earned $10,000-$14,999 3.8%
Earned $15,000-$24,999 15.4%
Earned $25,000-$34,999 17.1%
Earned $35,000-$49,999 20.6%
Earned $50,000-$74,999 21.6%
Earned $75,000 or more 19.7%
Nothing 1  
Nothing 2  
Nothing 3  
Nothing 4  
Nothing 5  
Nothing 6  
Nothing 7  
Nothing 8  
Nothing 9  
Nothing 10  
Nothing 11  
Nothing 12  
Nothing 13  
Nothing 14  
Nothing 15  
Nothing 16  
Nothing 17  
Native Born Native Born
Male $50,057
Female $35,921
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Median Household Income

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.

Foreign Born
Median Household Income $43,314
Median Household Income by U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized citizens $53,836
Noncitizens $36,811
U.S. Born
Median Household Income $50,071
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
Home Ownership Rate

Note: 1) Refers to the percentage owner households represent among all occupied households. 2) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS. 3) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Home Ownership Rate 58.4%
Home Ownership Rate by Householder's U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized citizens 75.4%
Noncitizens 41.8%
U.S. Born
Home Ownership Rate 68.4%
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
Health Insurance Coverage

Note: Since some people may hold both private and public health insurance coverage at the same time, estimates of those with private health insurance and those with public coverage may overlap. Their sum therefore may be greater than the total number of people with health insurance.

Foreign Born
Civilian noninstitutionalized population (%) 160,563
With health insurance 68.3%
With private health insurance
58.4%
With public coverage
18.2%
No health insurance coverage 31.7%
Health Insurance Coverage by U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized Citizens (%) 66,256
With health insurance 86.1%
With private health insurance
71.4%
With public coverage
31.5%
No health insurance coverage 13.9%
Noncitizens (%) 94,307
With health insurance 55.9%
With private health insurance
49.3%
With public coverage
8.9%
No health insurance coverage 44.1%
U.S. Born
Civilian noninstitutionalized population (%) 4,649,531
With health insurance 90.7%
With private health insurance
66.9%
With public coverage
37.9%
No health insurance coverage 9.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2018 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas, and Matthew Sobek. Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS) USA: Version 8.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2018. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V8.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • Poverty status is not determined for unrelated individuals under the age of 15 (such as foster children) or for persons lacking conventional housing. 
  • The term “home ownership rate” refers to the percentage owner households represent among all occupied households.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Poverty,” “Earnings,” “Median Household Income,” and “Home Ownership Rate”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.
  • In the “% Families in Poverty by Family Type” section, “related children” refer to “related children of the householder.”
  • “Health Insurance Coverage”: Private coverage includes employer- or union-provided insurance, insurance purchased directly, and TRICARE (the health program of the U.S. military) or other military health care. Public coverage includes Medicare, Medicaid, or another governmental medical assistance program, and Veterans Administration health care. Individuals can be covered by more than one type of insurance, and they can be covered by both private and public insurers. Since some people may hold both private and public health insurance coverage at the same time, estimates of those with private health insurance and those with public coverage may overlap. Their sum therefore may be greater than the total number of people with health insurance.