E.g., 06/26/2019
E.g., 06/26/2019

State Demographics Data - AL

Alabama

Demographics & Social
2017
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 169,066
% Foreign Born 3.5%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2017 92.6%
% change: 1990-2000 101.6%
Race (%)  
One race 98.3%
White
41.9%
Black or African American
7.3%
American Indian and Alaska Native
1.1%
Asian
28.9%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.0%
Other race
19.0%
Two or more races 1.7%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 73,700
% Latino 43.6%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 1.0%
5-17 8.4%
18-64 79.9%
65 and older 10.7%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

39.4
Gender (% female) 50.0%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 27.2%
Married 59.9%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 12.9%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 4,705,681
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 7.9%
% change: 1990-2000 9.1%
Race (%)  
One race 98.1%
White 68.9%
Black or African American 27.5%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.5%
Asian 0.4%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.0%
Other race 0.7%
Two or more races 1.9%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 128,270
% Latino 2.7%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 6.1%
5-17 16.8%
18-64 60.4%
65 and older 16.7%
Median Age 38.9
Gender (% female) 51.6%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 32.1%
Married 46.1%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 21.8%
Foreign Born
Number 87,772
% Foreign Born 2.0%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 4,359,328
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 43,533
% Foreign Born 1.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 3,997,054
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

169,066
Born in Africa 9,124
Born in Asia 55,986
Born in Europe 18,947
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 80,325
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 3,478
Born in Oceania 1,206
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 India
Country #3 Korea
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

169,066
Europe 18,947
Northern Europe 3,966
United Kingdom
3,510
Ireland
97
Other Northern Europe
359
Western Europe 9,541
France
1,022
Germany
7,290
Other Western Europe
1,229
Southern Europe 1,556
Italy
478
Portugal
13
Other Southern Europe
1,065
Eastern Europe 3,805
Poland
251
Russia
898
Other Eastern Europe
2,656
Other Europe (no country specified) 79
Asia 55,986
Eastern Asia 23,453
China
10,527

China, excluding Taiwan

9,166

Taiwan

1,361
Japan
2,352
Korea
10,574
Other Eastern Asia
0
South Central Asia 14,207
India
10,226
Iran
999
Other South Central Asia
2,982
Southeastern Asia 14,948
Philippines
3,432
Vietnam
7,556
Other Southeastern Asia
3,960
Western Asia 3,372
Israel
196
Lebanon
240
Other Western Asia
2,936
Other Asia (no country specified) 6
Africa 9,124
Eastern Africa 3,388
Northern Africa
901
Western Africa
3,124
Middle and Southern Africa
1,020
Other Africa (no country specified)
691
Oceania 1,206
Australia and New Zealand subregion 1,176
Oceania (no country specified) 30
Americas 83,803
Latin America 80,325
Caribbean
5,910

Cuba

1,337

Jamaica

2,638

Other Caribbean

1,935
Central America
67,507

Mexico

46,383

El Salvador

1,959

Other Central America

19,165
South America
6,908

Brazil

1,418

Colombia

1,412

Other South America

4,078
Northern America 3,478
Canada
3,459
Other Northern America
19
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 34,424
1990-1999 35,663
2000-2009 59,703
Since 2010 39,276
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 5.4%
Born in Asia 33.1%
Born in Europe 11.2%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 47.5%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 2.1%
Born in Oceania 0.7%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 34
Country #2 6.50%
Country #3 5.6
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 11.2%
Northern Europe 2.3%
United Kingdom 2.1%
Ireland 0.1%
Other Northern Europe 0.2%
Western Europe 5.6%
France 0.6%
Germany 4.3%
Other Western Europe 0.7%
Southern Europe 0.9%
Italy 0.3%
Portugal 0.0%
Other Southern Europe 0.6%
Eastern Europe 2.3%
Poland 0.1%
Russia 0.5%
Other Eastern Europe 1.6%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.0%
Asia 33.1%
Eastern Asia 13.9%
China 6.2%
China, excluding Taiwan 5.4%
Taiwan 0.8%
Japan 1.4%
Korea 6.3%
Other Eastern Asia 0.0%
South Central Asia 8.4%
India 6.0%
Iran 0.6%
Other South Central Asia 1.8%
Southeastern Asia 8.8%
Philippines 2.0%
Vietnam 4.5%
Other Southeastern Asia 2.3%
Western Asia 2.0%
Israel 0.1%
Lebanon 0.1%
Other Western Asia 1.7%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.0%
Africa 5.4%
Eastern Africa 2.0%
Northern Africa 0.5%
Western Africa 1.8%
Middle and Southern Africa 0.6%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.4%
Oceania 0.7%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.7%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.0%
Americas 49.6%
Latin America 47.5%
Caribbean 3.5%
Cuba 0.8%
Jamaica 1.6%
Other Caribbean 1.1%
Central America 39.9%
Mexico 27.4%
El Salvador 1.2%
Other Central America 11.3%
South America 4.1%
Brazil 0.8%
Colombia 0.8%
Other South America 2.4%
Northern America 2.1%
Canada 2.0%
Other Northern America 0.0%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 20.4%
1980-1989 21.1%
1990-1999 35.3%
Since 2000 23.2%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 87,772
Born in Africa 3,662
Born in Asia 26,235
Born in Europe 18,415
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 35,574
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 3,352
Cat28 529
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 Germany
Country #3 India
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 4.2%
Born in Asia 29.9%
Born in Europe 21.0%
Born in Latin America 40.5%
Born in Northern America 3.8%
Born in Oceania 0.6%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 26.5
Country #2 8.40%
Country #3 4.9
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 41,426
Born in Africa 1,813
Born in Asia 17,294
Born in Europe 13,972
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 5,414
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 2,658
Cat21 275
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 19
Country #2 United Kingdom
Country #3 Canada
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 4.4%
Born in Asia 41.7%
Born in Europe 33.7%
Born in Latin America 13.1%
Born in Northern America 6.4%
Born in Oceania 0.7%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 13.2
Country #2 6.20%
Country #3 5.70%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 169,066
Naturalized citizens 67,037
Noncitizens 102,029
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 67,037
Before 1980 7,475
1980-1989 6,337
1990-1999 7,788
2000-2009 21,476
Since 2010 23,961
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 39.7%
Noncitizens 60.3%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 11.2%
1980-1989 9.5%
1990-1999 11.6%
2000-2009 32.0%
Since 2010 35.7%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 87,772
Naturalized citizens 32,200
Noncitizens 55,572
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 36.7%
Noncitizens 63.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 43,533
Naturalized citizens 21,391
Noncitizens 22,142
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 49.1%
Noncitizens 50.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 53,754
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 2,766
% married among women who gave birth
96.2%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
3.8%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 1,092,234
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 56,262
% married among women who gave birth 55.2%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 44.8%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2012-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3.32
Average family size 3.91
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.55
Average family size 3.21
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 1,018,842
Only native parent(s)
933,523
One or more foreign-born parents
85,319

Child is native

74,651

Child is foreign born

10,668
Children under age 6 with 323,597
Only native parent(s)
298,082
One or more foreign-born parents
25,515

Child is native

24,251

Child is foreign born

1,264
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 695,245
Only native parent(s)
635,441
One or more foreign-born parents
59,804

Child is native

50,400

Child is foreign born

9,404
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

470,888
Only native parents 420,059
One or more foreign-born parents 50,829
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 91.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 8.4%
Child is native 7.3%
Child is foreign born 1.0%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 92.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 7.9%
Child is native 7.5%
Child is foreign born 0.4%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 91.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 8.6%
Child is native 7.2%
Child is foreign born 1.4%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 89.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 10.8%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,059,242
Only native parent(s) 1,023,154
One or more foreign-born parents 36,088
Child is native 28,910
Child is foreign born 7,178
Children under age 6 with 339,918
Only native parent(s) 326,467
One or more foreign-born parents 13,451
Child is native 11,859
Child is foreign born 1,592
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 719,324
Only native parent(s) 696,687
One or more foreign-born parents 22,637
Child is native 17,051
Child is foreign born 5,586
Children in Low-Income Families* 467,040
Only native parents 450,841
One or more foreign-born parents 16,199
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 96.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 3.4%
Child is native 2.7%
Child is foreign born 0.7%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 96.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.0%
Child is native 3.5%
Child is foreign born 0.5%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 96.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 3.1%
Child is native 2.4%
Child is foreign born 0.8%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 96.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 3.5%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,002,651
Only native parent(s) 982,040
One or more foreign-born parents 20,611
Child is native 17,503
Child is foreign born 3,108
Children under age 6 with 325,144
Only native parent(s) 317,763
One or more foreign-born parents 7,381
Child is native 6,907
Child is foreign born 474
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 677,507
Only native parent(s) 664,277
One or more foreign-born parents 13,230
Child is native 10,596
Child is foreign born 2,634
Children in Low-Income Families* 478,701
Only native parents 471,892
One or more foreign-born parents 6,809
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 97.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.1%
Child is native 1.7%
Child is foreign born 0.3%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 97.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.3%
Child is native 2.1%
Child is foreign born 0.1%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 98.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.0%
Child is native 1.6%
Child is foreign born 0.4%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 98.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 1.4%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2017 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas, and Matthew Sobek. Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS) USA: Version 8.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2018. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V8.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.