E.g., 07/27/2021
E.g., 07/27/2021
State Demographics Data - AL
 

Alabama

Demographics & Social
2019
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 174,952
% Foreign Born 3.6%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2019 99.3%
% change: 1990-2000 101.6%
Race (%)  
One race 97.8%
White
41.9%
Black or African American
7.1%
American Indian and Alaska Native
1.7%
Asian
28.2%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.2%
Other race
18.6%
Two or more races 2.2%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 77,303
% Latino 44.2%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 1.1%
5-17 8.2%
18-64 77.9%
65 and older 12.8%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau’s pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

39.7
Gender (% female) 51.0%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 26.0%
Married 62.4%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 11.7%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 4,728,233
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 8.5%
% change: 1990-2000 9.1%
Race (%)  
One race 98.1%
White 68.8%
Black or African American 27.6%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.4%
Asian 0.4%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.0%
Other race 0.9%
Two or more races 1.9%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 141,993
% Latino 3.0%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 6.0%
5-17 16.6%
18-64 59.8%
65 and older 17.6%
Median Age 39.4
Gender (% female) 51.7%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 31.3%
Married 47.0%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 21.7%
Foreign Born
Number 87,772
% Foreign Born 2.0%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 4,359,328
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 43,533
% Foreign Born 1.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 3,997,054
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

174,952
Born in Africa 9,618
Born in Asia 56,338
Born in Europe 20,150
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 84,109
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 3,986
Born in Oceania 751
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

 
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

174,952
Europe 20,150
Northern Europe 5,132
United Kingdom
4,199
Ireland
503
Other Northern Europe
430
Western Europe 6,796
France
634
Germany
5,391
Other Western Europe
771
Southern Europe 1,932
Italy
680
Portugal
1,079
Other Southern Europe
173
Eastern Europe 6,290
Poland
311
Russia
1,127
Other Eastern Europe
4,852
Other Europe (no country specified) N
Asia 56,338
Eastern Asia 22,371
China
10,503

China, excluding Taiwan

9,658

Taiwan

845
Japan
1,665
Korea
10,203
Other Eastern Asia
N
South Central Asia 16,379
India
10,636
Iran
1,727
Other South Central Asia
4,016
Southeastern Asia 15,183
Philippines
6,379
Vietnam
5,004
Other Southeastern Asia
3,800
Western Asia 2,405
Israel
26
Lebanon
N
Other Western Asia
2,379
Other Asia (no country specified) N
Africa 9,618
Eastern Africa 3,227
Northern Africa
588
Western Africa
4,171
Middle and Southern Africa
1,478
Other Africa (no country specified)
154
Oceania 751
Australia and New Zealand subregion 471
Oceania (no country specified) 280
Americas 88,095
Latin America 84,109
Caribbean
7,312

Cuba

2,829

Jamaica

1,166

Other Caribbean

3,317
Central America
70,545

Mexico

43,357

El Salvador

2,290

Other Central America

24,898
South America
6,252

Brazil

1,282

Colombia

1,521

Other South America

3,449
Northern America 3,986
Canada
3,898
Other Northern America
88
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 36,853
1990-1999 32,794
2000-2009 52,242
Since 2010 53,063
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 5.5%
Born in Asia 32.2%
Born in Europe 11.5%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 48.1%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 2.3%
Born in Oceania 0.4%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 11.5%
Northern Europe 2.9%
United Kingdom 2.4%
Ireland 0.3%
Other Northern Europe 0.2%
Western Europe 3.9%
France 0.4%
Germany 3.1%
Other Western Europe 0.4%
Southern Europe 1.1%
Italy 0.4%
Portugal 0.6%
Other Southern Europe 0.1%
Eastern Europe 3.6%
Poland 0.2%
Russia 0.6%
Other Eastern Europe 2.8%
Other Europe (no country specified) N
Asia 32.2%
Eastern Asia 12.8%
China 6.0%
China, excluding Taiwan 5.5%
Taiwan 0.5%
Japan 1.0%
Korea 5.8%
Other Eastern Asia N
South Central Asia 9.4%
India 6.1%
Iran 1.0%
Other South Central Asia 2.3%
Southeastern Asia 8.7%
Philippines 3.6%
Vietnam 2.9%
Other Southeastern Asia 2.2%
Western Asia 1.4%
Israel N
Lebanon N
Other Western Asia 1.4%
Other Asia (no country specified) N
Africa 5.5%
Eastern Africa 1.8%
Northern Africa 0.3%
Western Africa 2.4%
Middle and Southern Africa 0.8%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.1%
Oceania 0.4%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.3%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.2%
Americas 50.4%
Latin America 48.1%
Caribbean 4.2%
Cuba 1.6%
Jamaica 0.7%
Other Caribbean 1.9%
Central America 40.3%
Mexico 24.8%
El Salvador 1.3%
Other Central America 14.2%
South America 3.6%
Brazil 0.7%
Colombia 0.9%
Other South America 2.0%
Northern America 2.3%
Canada 2.2%
Other Northern America 0.1%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 21.1%
1980-1989 18.7%
1990-1999 29.9%
Since 2000 30.3%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 87,772
Born in Africa 3,662
Born in Asia 26,235
Born in Europe 18,415
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 35,574
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 3,352
Cat28 529
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 4.2%
Born in Asia 29.9%
Born in Europe 21.0%
Born in Latin America 40.5%
Born in Northern America 3.8%
Born in Oceania 0.6%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 41,426
Born in Africa 1,813
Born in Asia 17,294
Born in Europe 13,972
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 5,414
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 2,658
Cat21 275
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 4.4%
Born in Asia 41.7%
Born in Europe 33.7%
Born in Latin America 13.1%
Born in Northern America 6.4%
Born in Oceania 0.7%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 174,952
Naturalized citizens 76,963
Noncitizens 97,989
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 76,963
Before 1990 16,154
1990-1999 12,489
2000-2009 23,492
2010-2014 12,589
Since 2015 12,239
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 44.0%
Noncitizens 56.0%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 21.0%
1980-1989 16.2%
1990-1999 30.5%
2000-2009 16.4%
Since 2010 15.9%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 87,772
Naturalized citizens 32,200
Noncitizens 55,572
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 36.7%
Noncitizens 63.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 43,533
Naturalized citizens 21,391
Noncitizens 22,142
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 49.1%
Noncitizens 50.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 54,246
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 3,224
% married among women who gave birth
88.9%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
11.1%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 1,088,274
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 55,318
% married among women who gave birth 53.4%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 46.6%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S Census Bureau’s pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3.21
Average family size 3.69
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.50
Average family size 3.13
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau has excluded children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 998,598
Only native parent(s)
918,175
One or more foreign-born parents
80,423

Child is native

69,471

Child is foreign born

10,952
Children under age 6 with 324,168
Only native parent(s)
296,091
One or more foreign-born parents
28,077

Child is native

26,278

Child is foreign born

1,799
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 674,430
Only native parent(s)
622,084
One or more foreign-born parents
52,346

Child is native

43,193

Child is foreign born

9,153
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau has excluded children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

445,995
Only native parents 397,079
One or more foreign-born parents 48,916
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 91.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 8.1%
Child is native 7.0%
Child is foreign born 1.1%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 91.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 8.7%
Child is native 8.1%
Child is foreign born 0.6%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 92.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 7.8%
Child is native 6.4%
Child is foreign born 1.4%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 89.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 11.0%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,059,242
Only native parent(s) 1,023,154
One or more foreign-born parents 36,088
Child is native 28,910
Child is foreign born 7,178
Children under age 6 with 339,918
Only native parent(s) 326,467
One or more foreign-born parents 13,451
Child is native 11,859
Child is foreign born 1,592
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 719,324
Only native parent(s) 696,687
One or more foreign-born parents 22,637
Child is native 17,051
Child is foreign born 5,586
Children in Low-Income Families* 467,040
Only native parents 450,841
One or more foreign-born parents 16,199
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 96.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 3.4%
Child is native 2.7%
Child is foreign born 0.7%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 96.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.0%
Child is native 3.5%
Child is foreign born 0.5%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 96.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 3.1%
Child is native 2.4%
Child is foreign born 0.8%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 96.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 3.5%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,002,651
Only native parent(s) 982,040
One or more foreign-born parents 20,611
Child is native 17,503
Child is foreign born 3,108
Children under age 6 with 325,144
Only native parent(s) 317,763
One or more foreign-born parents 7,381
Child is native 6,907
Child is foreign born 474
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 677,507
Only native parent(s) 664,277
One or more foreign-born parents 13,230
Child is native 10,596
Child is foreign born 2,634
Children in Low-Income Families* 478,701
Only native parents 471,892
One or more foreign-born parents 6,809
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 97.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.1%
Child is native 1.7%
Child is foreign born 0.3%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 97.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.3%
Child is native 2.1%
Child is foreign born 0.1%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 98.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.0%
Child is native 1.6%
Child is foreign born 0.4%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 98.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 1.4%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2019 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas and Matthew Sobek. IPUMS USA: Version 10.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2020. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V10.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau has excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.