E.g., 07/08/2020
E.g., 07/08/2020

State Demographics Data - AL

Alabama

Demographics & Social
2018
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 162,567
% Foreign Born 3.3%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2018 85.2%
% change: 1990-2000 101.6%
Race (%)  
One race 96.7%
White
37.4%
Black or African American
8.1%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.6%
Asian
28.8%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.1%
Other race
21.6%
Two or more races 3.3%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 68,199
% Latino 42.0%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.5%
5-17 7.3%
18-64 78.2%
65 and older 14.0%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

40.2
Gender (% female) 53.3%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 22.2%
Married 61.5%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 16.3%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 4,725,304
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 8.4%
% change: 1990-2000 9.1%
Race (%)  
One race 98.0%
White 68.7%
Black or African American 27.4%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.4%
Asian 0.4%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.0%
Other race 1.0%
Two or more races 2.0%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 143,286
% Latino 3.0%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 6.1%
5-17 16.7%
18-64 60.1%
65 and older 17.1%
Median Age 39.3
Gender (% female) 51.5%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 31.3%
Married 46.9%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 21.9%
Foreign Born
Number 87,772
% Foreign Born 2.0%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 4,359,328
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 43,533
% Foreign Born 1.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 3,997,054
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

162,567
Born in Africa 8,245
Born in Asia 52,581
Born in Europe 20,756
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 77,139
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 2,828
Born in Oceania 1,018
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

162,567
Europe 20,756
Northern Europe 5,155
United Kingdom
4,462
Ireland
336
Other Northern Europe
357
Western Europe 9,017
France
1,855
Germany
6,342
Other Western Europe
820
Southern Europe 1,504
Italy
277
Portugal
301
Other Southern Europe
926
Eastern Europe 5,069
Poland
511
Russia
1,367
Other Eastern Europe
3,191
Other Europe (no country specified) 11
Asia 52,581
Eastern Asia 19,264
China
9,492

China, excluding Taiwan

8,744

Taiwan

748
Japan
1,911
Korea
7,861
Other Eastern Asia
0
South Central Asia 17,020
India
10,339
Iran
1,069
Other South Central Asia
5,612
Southeastern Asia 14,126
Philippines
4,461
Vietnam
6,559
Other Southeastern Asia
3,106
Western Asia 1,897
Israel
41
Lebanon
654
Other Western Asia
1,202
Other Asia (no country specified) 274
Africa 8,245
Eastern Africa 1,603
Northern Africa
809
Western Africa
4,084
Middle and Southern Africa
1,382
Other Africa (no country specified)
367
Oceania 1,018
Australia and New Zealand subregion 435
Oceania (no country specified) 583
Americas 79,967
Latin America 77,139
Caribbean
6,642

Cuba

1,245

Jamaica

1,612

Other Caribbean

3,785
Central America
61,347

Mexico

43,348

El Salvador

1,083

Other Central America

16,916
South America
9,150

Brazil

2,404

Colombia

1,900

Other South America

4,846
Northern America 2,828
Canada
2,648
Other Northern America
180
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 38,278
1990-1999 29,010
2000-2009 49,036
Since 2010 46,243
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 5.1%
Born in Asia 32.3%
Born in Europe 12.8%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 47.5%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 1.7%
Born in Oceania 0.6%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 12.8%
Northern Europe 3.2%
United Kingdom 2.7%
Ireland 0.2%
Other Northern Europe 0.2%
Western Europe 5.5%
France 1.1%
Germany 3.9%
Other Western Europe 0.5%
Southern Europe 0.9%
Italy 0.2%
Portugal 0.2%
Other Southern Europe 0.6%
Eastern Europe 3.1%
Poland 0.3%
Russia 0.8%
Other Eastern Europe 2.0%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.0%
Asia 32.3%
Eastern Asia 11.8%
China 5.8%
China, excluding Taiwan 5.4%
Taiwan 0.5%
Japan 1.2%
Korea 4.8%
Other Eastern Asia 0.0%
South Central Asia 10.5%
India 6.4%
Iran 0.7%
Other South Central Asia 3.5%
Southeastern Asia 8.7%
Philippines 2.7%
Vietnam 4.0%
Other Southeastern Asia 1.9%
Western Asia 1.2%
Israel 0.0%
Lebanon 0.4%
Other Western Asia 0.7%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.2%
Africa 5.1%
Eastern Africa 1.0%
Northern Africa 0.5%
Western Africa 2.5%
Middle and Southern Africa 0.9%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.2%
Oceania 0.6%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.3%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.4%
Americas 49.2%
Latin America 47.5%
Caribbean 4.1%
Cuba 0.8%
Jamaica 1.0%
Other Caribbean 2.3%
Central America 37.7%
Mexico 26.7%
El Salvador 0.7%
Other Central America 10.4%
South America 5.6%
Brazil 1.5%
Colombia 1.2%
Other South America 3.0%
Northern America 1.7%
Canada 1.6%
Other Northern America 0.1%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 23.5%
1980-1989 17.8%
1990-1999 30.2%
Since 2000 28.4%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 87,772
Born in Africa 3,662
Born in Asia 26,235
Born in Europe 18,415
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 35,574
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 3,352
Cat28 529
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 4.2%
Born in Asia 29.9%
Born in Europe 21.0%
Born in Latin America 40.5%
Born in Northern America 3.8%
Born in Oceania 0.6%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 41,426
Born in Africa 1,813
Born in Asia 17,294
Born in Europe 13,972
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 5,414
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 2,658
Cat21 275
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 4.4%
Born in Asia 41.7%
Born in Europe 33.7%
Born in Latin America 13.1%
Born in Northern America 6.4%
Born in Oceania 0.7%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 162,567
Naturalized citizens 67,130
Noncitizens 95,437
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 67,130
Before 1990 17,135
1990-1999 12,135
2000-2009 18,385
2010-2014 11,038
Since 2015 8,437
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 41.3%
Noncitizens 58.7%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 25.5%
1980-1989 18.1%
1990-1999 27.4%
2000-2009 16.4%
Since 2010 12.6%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 87,772
Naturalized citizens 32,200
Noncitizens 55,572
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 36.7%
Noncitizens 63.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 43,533
Naturalized citizens 21,391
Noncitizens 22,142
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 49.1%
Noncitizens 50.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 53,508
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 3,538
% married among women who gave birth
92.0%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
8.0%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 1,090,011
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 62,532
% married among women who gave birth 59.8%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 40.2%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3
Average family size 4
U.S. Born
Average household size 3
Average family size 3
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 1,006,571
Only native parent(s)
923,949
One or more foreign-born parents
82,622

Child is native

73,865

Child is foreign born

8,757
Children under age 6 with 324,098
Only native parent(s)
297,943
One or more foreign-born parents
26,155

Child is native

24,877

Child is foreign born

1,278
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 682,473
Only native parent(s)
626,006
One or more foreign-born parents
56,467

Child is native

48,988

Child is foreign born

7,479
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

450,968
Only native parents 405,162
One or more foreign-born parents 45,806
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 91.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 8.2%
Child is native 7.3%
Child is foreign born 0.9%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 91.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 8.1%
Child is native 7.7%
Child is foreign born 0.4%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 91.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 8.3%
Child is native 7.2%
Child is foreign born 1.1%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 89.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 10.2%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,059,242
Only native parent(s) 1,023,154
One or more foreign-born parents 36,088
Child is native 28,910
Child is foreign born 7,178
Children under age 6 with 339,918
Only native parent(s) 326,467
One or more foreign-born parents 13,451
Child is native 11,859
Child is foreign born 1,592
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 719,324
Only native parent(s) 696,687
One or more foreign-born parents 22,637
Child is native 17,051
Child is foreign born 5,586
Children in Low-Income Families* 467,040
Only native parents 450,841
One or more foreign-born parents 16,199
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 96.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 3.4%
Child is native 2.7%
Child is foreign born 0.7%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 96.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.0%
Child is native 3.5%
Child is foreign born 0.5%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 96.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 3.1%
Child is native 2.4%
Child is foreign born 0.8%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 96.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 3.5%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,002,651
Only native parent(s) 982,040
One or more foreign-born parents 20,611
Child is native 17,503
Child is foreign born 3,108
Children under age 6 with 325,144
Only native parent(s) 317,763
One or more foreign-born parents 7,381
Child is native 6,907
Child is foreign born 474
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 677,507
Only native parent(s) 664,277
One or more foreign-born parents 13,230
Child is native 10,596
Child is foreign born 2,634
Children in Low-Income Families* 478,701
Only native parents 471,892
One or more foreign-born parents 6,809
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 97.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.1%
Child is native 1.7%
Child is foreign born 0.3%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 97.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.3%
Child is native 2.1%
Child is foreign born 0.1%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 98.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.0%
Child is native 1.6%
Child is foreign born 0.4%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 98.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 1.4%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2018 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas, and Matthew Sobek. Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS) USA: Version 8.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2018. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V8.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.