E.g., 06/24/2018
E.g., 06/24/2018

State Demographics Data - AL

Alabama

Demographics & Social
2016
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 163,629
% Foreign Born 3.4%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2016 86.4%
% change: 1990-2000 101.6%
Race (%)  
One race 97.5%
White
42.3%
Black or African American
8.6%
American Indian and Alaska Native
1.1%
Asian
26.8%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.0%
Other race
18.7%
Two or more races 2.5%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 72,594
% Latino 44.4%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.8%
5-17 8.1%
18-64 80.7%
65 and older 10.4%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2012-2016 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2016 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

39.1
Gender (% female) 50.8%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 25.7%
Married 61.2%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 13.2%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 4,699,671
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 7.8%
% change: 1990-2000 9.1%
Race (%)  
One race 98.3%
White 69.1%
Black or African American 27.4%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.5%
Asian 0.5%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.0%
Other race 0.8%
Two or more races 1.7%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 127,092
% Latino 2.7%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 6.1%
5-17 17.0%
18-64 60.6%
65 and older 16.3%
Median Age 38.9
Gender (% female) 51.6%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 31.2%
Married 46.3%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 22.5%
Foreign Born
Number 87,772
% Foreign Born 2.0%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 4,359,328
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 43,533
% Foreign Born 1.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 3,997,054
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

163,629
Born in Africa 7,848
Born in Asia 54,084
Born in Europe 16,668
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 80,637
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 3,763
Born in Oceania 629
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 India
Country #3 Korea
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

163,629
Europe 16,668
Northern Europe 4,620
United Kingdom
4,145
Ireland
342
Other Northern Europe
133
Western Europe 5,555
France
861
Germany
4,444
Other Western Europe
250
Southern Europe 991
Italy
170
Portugal
249
Other Southern Europe
572
Eastern Europe 5,422
Poland
395
Russia
1,627
Other Eastern Europe
3,400
Other Europe (no country specified) 80
Asia 54,084
Eastern Asia 18,703
China
8,849

China, excluding Taiwan

8,070

Taiwan

779
Japan
1,287
Korea
8,567
Other Eastern Asia
0
South Central Asia 14,522
India
9,719
Iran
1,108
Other South Central Asia
3,695
Southeastern Asia 15,414
Philippines
6,810
Vietnam
4,980
Other Southeastern Asia
3,624
Western Asia 4,654
Israel
427
Lebanon
591
Other Western Asia
3,636
Other Asia (no country specified) 791
Africa 7,848
Eastern Africa 3,239
Northern Africa
512
Western Africa
2,428
Middle and Southern Africa
1,079
Other Africa (no country specified)
590
Oceania 629
Australia and New Zealand subregion 560
Oceania (no country specified) 69
Americas 84,400
Latin America 80,637
Caribbean
7,576

Cuba

933

Jamaica

2,863

Other Caribbean

3,780
Central America
68,100

Mexico

50,904

El Salvador

2,939

Other Central America

14,257
South America
4,961

Brazil

274

Colombia

1,047

Other South America

3,640
Northern America 3,763
Canada
3,641
Other Northern America
122
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 34,116
1990-1999 30,573
2000-2009 60,428
Since 2010 38,512
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 4.8%
Born in Asia 33.1%
Born in Europe 10.2%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 49.3%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 2.3%
Born in Oceania 0.4%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 34.00
Country #2 6.50%
Country #3 5.60
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 10.2%
Northern Europe 2.8%
United Kingdom 2.5%
Ireland 0.2%
Other Northern Europe 0.1%
Western Europe 3.4%
France 0.5%
Germany 2.7%
Other Western Europe 0.2%
Southern Europe 0.6%
Italy 0.1%
Portugal 0.2%
Other Southern Europe 0.3%
Eastern Europe 3.3%
Poland 0.2%
Russia 1.0%
Other Eastern Europe 2.1%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.0%
Asia 33.1%
Eastern Asia 11.4%
China 5.4%
China, excluding Taiwan 4.9%
Taiwan 0.5%
Japan 0.8%
Korea 5.2%
Other Eastern Asia 0.0%
South Central Asia 8.9%
India 5.9%
Iran 0.7%
Other South Central Asia 2.3%
Southeastern Asia 9.4%
Philippines 4.2%
Vietnam 3.0%
Other Southeastern Asia 2.2%
Western Asia 2.8%
Israel 0.3%
Lebanon 0.4%
Other Western Asia 2.2%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.5%
Africa 4.8%
Eastern Africa 2.0%
Northern Africa 0.3%
Western Africa 1.5%
Middle and Southern Africa 0.7%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.4%
Oceania 0.4%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.3%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.0%
Americas 51.6%
Latin America 49.3%
Caribbean 4.6%
Cuba 0.6%
Jamaica 1.7%
Other Caribbean 2.3%
Central America 41.6%
Mexico 31.1%
El Salvador 1.8%
Other Central America 8.7%
South America 3.0%
Brazil 0.2%
Colombia 0.6%
Other South America 2.2%
Northern America 2.3%
Canada 2.2%
Other Northern America 0.1%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 20.8%
1980-1989 18.7%
1990-1999 36.9%
Since 2000 23.5%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 87,772
Born in Africa 3,662
Born in Asia 26,235
Born in Europe 18,415
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 35,574
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 3,352
Cat28 529
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 Germany
Country #3 India
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 4.2%
Born in Asia 29.9%
Born in Europe 21.0%
Born in Latin America 40.5%
Born in Northern America 3.8%
Born in Oceania 0.6%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 26.50
Country #2 8.40%
Country #3 4.90
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 41,426
Born in Africa 1,813
Born in Asia 17,294
Born in Europe 13,972
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 5,414
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 2,658
Cat21 275
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Germany
Country #2 United Kingdom
Country #3 Canada
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 4.4%
Born in Asia 41.7%
Born in Europe 33.7%
Born in Latin America 13.1%
Born in Northern America 6.4%
Born in Oceania 0.7%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 13.20
Country #2 6.20%
Country #3 5.70%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 163,629
Naturalized citizens 59,611
Noncitizens 104,018
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 59,611
Before 1980 9,016
1980-1989 6,308
1990-1999 11,146
2000-2009 18,373
Since 2010 14,768
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 36.4%
Noncitizens 63.6%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 15.1%
1980-1989 10.6%
1990-1999 18.7%
2000-2009 30.8%
Since 2010 24.8%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 87,772
Naturalized citizens 32,200
Noncitizens 55,572
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 36.7%
Noncitizens 63.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 43,533
Naturalized citizens 21,391
Noncitizens 22,142
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 49.1%
Noncitizens 50.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 54,168
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 3,079
% married among women who gave birth
81.5%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
18.5%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 1,092,748
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 54,112
% married among women who gave birth 53.7%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 46.3%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2012-2016 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2016 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3.33
Average family size 3.96
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.53
Average family size 3.20
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 1,024,869
Only native parent(s)
935,170
One or more foreign-born parents
89,699

Child is native

79,787

Child is foreign born

9,912
Children under age 6 with 331,319
Only native parent(s)
299,984
One or more foreign-born parents
31,335

Child is native

29,078

Child is foreign born

2,257
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 693,550
Only native parent(s)
635,186
One or more foreign-born parents
58,364

Child is native

50,709

Child is foreign born

7,655
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

465,678
Only native parents 416,388
One or more foreign-born parents 49,290
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 91.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 8.8%
Child is native 7.8%
Child is foreign born 1.0%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 90.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 9.5%
Child is native 8.8%
Child is foreign born 0.7%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 91.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 8.4%
Child is native 7.3%
Child is foreign born 1.1%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 89.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 10.6%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,059,242
Only native parent(s) 1,023,154
One or more foreign-born parents 36,088
Child is native 28,910
Child is foreign born 7,178
Children under age 6 with 339,918
Only native parent(s) 326,467
One or more foreign-born parents 13,451
Child is native 11,859
Child is foreign born 1,592
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 719,324
Only native parent(s) 696,687
One or more foreign-born parents 22,637
Child is native 17,051
Child is foreign born 5,586
Children in Low-Income Families* 467,040
Only native parents 450,841
One or more foreign-born parents 16,199
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 96.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 3.4%
Child is native 2.7%
Child is foreign born 0.7%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 96.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.0%
Child is native 3.5%
Child is foreign born 0.5%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 96.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 3.1%
Child is native 2.4%
Child is foreign born 0.8%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 96.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 3.5%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,002,651
Only native parent(s) 982,040
One or more foreign-born parents 20,611
Child is native 17,503
Child is foreign born 3,108
Children under age 6 with 325,144
Only native parent(s) 317,763
One or more foreign-born parents 7,381
Child is native 6,907
Child is foreign born 474
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 677,507
Only native parent(s) 664,277
One or more foreign-born parents 13,230
Child is native 10,596
Child is foreign born 2,634
Children in Low-Income Families* 478,701
Only native parents 471,892
One or more foreign-born parents 6,809
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 97.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.1%
Child is native 1.7%
Child is foreign born 0.3%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 97.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.3%
Child is native 2.1%
Child is foreign born 0.1%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 98.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.0%
Child is native 1.6%
Child is foreign born 0.4%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 98.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 1.4%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2016 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2012-2016 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2016 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.