Mind the Gap: Bringing Migration into Development Partnerships and Vice Versa
In recent years, spikes in irregular migration have prompted policymakers in the European Union, United States, and other destinations to look beyond border management for ways to address the underlying factors that drive movement, from weak governance to economic stagnation. This shift has been accompanied by significant financial investments, including through the EU Emergency Trust Fund for Africa and the U.S. Alliance for Prosperity. It has also prompted renewed calls to incorporate migration aims into development programming and development tools into migration-management partnerships.
Increased collaboration between development and migration actors carries both clear benefits and risks, as this policy brief details. Development agencies often have years of experience cultivating partnerships with actors in key countries of origin and transit—expertise from which migration-management actors stand to benefit. But tying development assistance too closely to sensitive migration policies, such as agreements to return unauthorized migrants, risks undermining longstanding relationships and further destabilizing already fragile regions.
In addition to analyzing the promise of and barriers to closer cooperation, this brief also outlines what needs to be done to reconcile the differing goals and approaches at the heart of the development and migration-management fields. If this can be done, the authors conclude, greater collaboration could add value in a number of areas of common interest—from addressing barriers to economic growth and strengthening the resilience of origin and transit countries, to promoting the reintegration of returned migrants and facilitating skilled migration.
II. Why Bring Migration into Development Partnerships, or Vice Versa?
A. What Does Development Bring to Migration Partnerships?
B. What Does Migration Bring to Development Cooperation?
III. How Can Development and Migration Actors Reconcile Differing Priorities?
IV. Where Can Cooperation Add Value?
A. Addressing Barriers to Growth
B. Building Resilience in Origin and Transit Countries
C. Investing in Reintegration Services
D. Facilitating Skilled Migration