E.g., 08/15/2020
E.g., 08/15/2020

State Language Data - RI

Rhode Island

Language & Education
2018
2000
1990
English Proficiency

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 137,515
Speak only English 19.7%
Speak English "very well" 36.0%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 44.2%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2018 2.7%
% change: 1990-2000 35.7%
English Proficiency of the Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status (age 5 and older)*

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English. Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.

 
Naturalized citizens 84,300
Speak only English 23.5%
Speak English "very well" 40.4%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 36.1%
Noncitizens 53,215
Speak only English 13.6%
Speak English "very well" 29.2%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 57.2%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 865,370
Speak only English 87.6%
Speak English ""very well"" 9.7%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2.7%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 -2.8%
% change: 1990-2000 11.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 118,104
Speak only English 15.7%
"Speak English ""very well"" 34.2%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 50.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 867,080
Speak only English 88.8%
"Speak English ""very well"" 8.4%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 94,138
Speak only English 20.1%
"Speak English ""very well"" 33.5%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 46.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 839,615
Speak only English 89.8%
"Speak English ""very well"" 7.6%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (by age and English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Ages 5-17 149,478
Speak only English 114,924
Speak language other than English 34,554
Speak English "very well"
28,565
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
5,989
Speak Spanish 26,402
Speak English "very well"
21,567
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
4,835
Ages 18-64 670,762
Speak only English 517,496
Speak language other than English 153,266
Speak English "very well"
92,211
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
61,055
Speak Spanish 87,630
Speak English "very well"
46,244
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
41,386
65 and Older 182,645
Speak only English 152,420
Speak language other than English 30,225
Speak English "very well"
12,697
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
17,528
Speak Spanish 8,921
Speak English "very well"
1,544
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
7,377
%
65 and Older 100%
Speak only English 76.9%
Speak language other than English 23.1%
Speak English "very well" 19.1%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 4.0%
Speak Spanish 17.7%
Speak English "very well" 14.4%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 3.2%
Ages 18-64 100%
Speak only English 77.2%
Speak language other than English 22.8%
Speak English "very well" 13.7%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 9.1%
Speak Spanish 13.1%
Speak English "very well" 6.9%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 6.2%
Ages 5-17 100%
Speak only English 83.5%
Speak language other than English 16.5%
Speak English "very well" 7.0%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 9.6%
Speak Spanish 4.9%
Speak English "very well" 0.8%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 4.0%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)

Note: 1) The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English. 2) Data for Alaska, Delaware, Hawaii, Idaho, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.

Number
Total Household Population, Age 5 and Older 1,002,885
Speak only English 784,840
Speak language other than English 218,045
Spanish 122,953
Speak English "very well" 69,355
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 53,598
French (Including Cajun) 10,732
Speak English "very well" 9,004
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,728
Haitian 7,829
Speak English "very well" 4,958
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,871
Italian 5,278
Speak English "very well" 3,452
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,826
Portuguese 24,219
Speak English "very well" 15,037
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 9,182
German 1,416
Speak English "very well" 1,297
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 119
Yiddish, Pennsylvania Dutch or Other West Germanic Languages N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Russian 1,783
Speak English "very well" 1,268
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 515
Polish 1,614
Speak English "very well" 1,087
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 527
Other Slavic Languages 143
Speak English "very well" 143
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Armenian 1,261
Speak English "very well" 977
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 284
Persian (including Farsi, Dari) 118
Speak English "very well" 118
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Gujarati 1,134
Speak English "very well" 737
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 397
Hindi 2,514
Speak English "very well" 1,994
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 520
Urdu 1,076
Speak English "very well" 842
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 234
Punjabi 131
Speak English "very well" 131
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Bengali 293
Speak English "very well" 293
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Nepali, Marathi, or Other Indic Languages 385
Speak English "very well" 385
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Other Indo-European Languages 4,024
Speak English "very well" 3,491
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 533
Telugu 129
Speak English "very well" 129
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Tamil 1,280
Speak English "very well" 1,280
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Malayalam, Kannada, or Other Dravidian Languages 292
Speak English "very well" 248
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 44
Chinese (including Mandarin, Cantonese) 6,396
Speak English "very well" 2,761
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,635
Japanese 1,178
Speak English "very well" 602
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 576
Korean 1,022
Speak English "very well" 259
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 763
Hmong 1,555
Speak English "very well" 1,385
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 170
Vietnamese 2,272
Speak English "very well" 911
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,361
Khmer 3,523
Speak English "very well" 1,873
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,650
Thai, Lao, or Other Tai-Kadai Languages 2,762
Speak English "very well" 1,803
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 959
Other Languages of Asia 366
Speak English "very well" 366
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Tagalog (including Filipino) 1,376
Speak English "very well" 1,052
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 324
Ilocano, Samoan, Hawaiian, or Other Austronesian Languages 41
Speak English "very well" 41
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Arabic 3,701
Speak English "very well" 1,908
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,793
Hebrew 546
Speak English "very well" 239
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 307
Amharic, Somali, or Other Afro-Asiatic Languages N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Yoruba, Twi, Igbo, or Other Languages of Western Africa 4,290
Speak English "very well" 3,861
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 429
Swahili or Other Languages of Central, Eastern, and Southern Africa N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Native Languages of North America N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Other and Unspecified Languages 413
Speak English "very well" 186
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 227
%
Field 306 100%
Field 307 78.3%
Field 308 21.7%
Field 310 100%
Field 310 56.4%
Field 310 43.6%
Field 313 100%
Field 314 83.9%
Field 315 16.1%
Field 316 100%
Field 316 63.3%
Field 316 36.7%
Field 319 100%
Field 319 65.4%
Field 319 34.6%
Field 322 100%
Field 322 62.1%
Field 322 37.9%
Field 325 100%
Field 325 91.6%
Field 325 8.4%
Field 328 100%
Field 328 N
Field 328 N
Field 331 100%
Field 331 71.1%
Field 331 28.9%
Field 334 100%
Field 334 67.3%
Field 334 32.7%
Field 337 100%
Field 337 100.0%
Field 337 N
Field 340 100%
Field 340 77.5%
Field 340 22.5%
Field 343 100%
Field 343 100.0%
Field 343 N
Field 346 100%
Field 346 65.0%
Field 346 35.0%
Field 349 100%
Field 349 79.3%
Field 349 20.7%
Field 352 100%
Field 352 78.3%
Field 352 21.7%
Field 355 100%
Field 355 100.0%
Field 355 N
Field 358 100%
Field 358 100.0%
Field 358 N
Field 361 100%
Field 361 100.0%
Field 361 N
Field 364 100%
Field 364 86.8%
Field 364 13.2%
Field 367 100%
Field 367 100.0%
Field 367 N
Field 370 100%
Field 370 100.0%
Field 370 N
Field 373 100%
Field 373 84.9%
Field 373 15.1%
Field 376 100%
Field 376 43.2%
Field 376 56.8%
Field 379 100%
Field 379 51.1%
Field 379 48.9%
Field 382 100%
Field 382 25.3%
Field 382 74.7%
Field 385 100%
Field 385 89.1%
Field 385 10.9%
Field 388 100%
Field 388 40.1%
Field 388 59.9%
Field 391 100%
Field 391 53.2%
Field 391 46.8%
Field 394 100%
Field 394 65.3%
Field 394 34.7%
Field 397 100%
Field 397 100.0%
Field 397 N
Field 400 100%
Field 400 76.5%
Field 400 23.5%
Field 403 100%
Field 403 100.0%
Field 403 N
Field 406 100%
Field 406 51.6%
Field 406 48.4%
Field 409 100%
Field 409 43.8%
Field 409 56.2%
Field 412 100%
Field 412 N
Field 412 N
Field 415 100%
Field 415 90.0%
Field 415 10.0%
Field 418 100%
Field 418 N
Field 418 N
Field 421 100%
Field 421 N
Field 421 N
Field 424 100%
Field 424 45.0%
Field 424 55.0%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Educational Attainment Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 122,155
Less than high school diploma 24.7%
High school diploma or GED 30.1%
Some college or associate's degree 18.3%
Bachelor's degree 15.0%
Graduate or professional degree 11.9%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 37.5%
Bachelor's degree or higher 12.9%
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2018 -30.0%
% change: 1990-2000 5.3%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2018 111.8%
% change: 1990-2000 78.8%
Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status (foreign-born adults, age 25 and older)

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Naturalized citizens (%) 78,657
Less than high school diploma 20.1%
High school diploma or GED 31.1%
Some college or associate's degree 21.8%
Bachelor's degree 15.6%
Graduate or professional degree 11.4%
Noncitizens (%) 43,498
Less than high school diploma 33.1%
High school diploma or GED 28.3%
Some college or associate's degree 11.9%
Bachelor's degree 13.9%
Graduate or professional degree 12.8%
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 618,540
Less than high school diploma 8.1%
High school diploma or GED 28.1%
Some college or associate's degree 27.9%
Bachelor's degree 20.9%
Graduate or professional degree 15.0%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Nothing  
Nothing  
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2011 -55.2%
% change: 1990-2000 -21.0%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2011 36.5%
% change: 1990-2000 24.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 94,272
Less than high school diploma 45.8%
High school diploma or GED 23.0%
Some college or associate's degree 14.7%
Bachelor's degree 8.7%
Graduate or professional degree 7.8%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 27.7%
Bachelor's degree or higher 8.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 599,139
Less than high school diploma 18.8%
High school diploma or GED 28.6%
Some college or associate's degree 25.6%
Bachelor's degree 17.0%
Graduate or professional degree 10.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 75,148
Less than high school diploma 54.6%
High school diploma or GED 20.4%
Some college or associate's degree 13.5%
Bachelor's degree 6.4%
Graduate or professional degree 5.2%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 22.4%
Bachelor's degree or higher 6.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 583,032
Less than high school diploma 24.4%
High school diploma or GED 30.6%
Some college or associate's degree 22.6%
Bachelor's degree 14.3%
Graduate or professional degree 8.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2018 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas, and Matthew Sobek. Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS) USA: Version 8.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2018. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V8.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English “not at all,” “not well,” or “well” on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English “very well” are considered proficient in English.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “English proficiency of the foreign born by U.S. citizenship status” and “Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS. 
  • For “Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)”: Data for Alaska, Delaware, Hawaii, Idaho, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.