E.g., 09/16/2021
E.g., 09/16/2021
State Language Data - RI
 

Rhode Island

Language & Education
2019
2000
1990
English Proficiency

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 143,775
Speak only English 16.2%
Speak English "very well" 41.8%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 42.0%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2019 1.9%
% change: 1990-2000 35.7%
English Proficiency of the Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status (age 5 and older)*

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English. Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.

 
Naturalized citizens 81,693
Speak only English 19.3%
Speak English "very well" 43.1%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 37.6%
Noncitizens 62,082
Speak only English 12.1%
Speak English "very well" 40.2%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 47.7%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 860,784
Speak only English 87.4%
Speak English ""very well"" 10.0%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2.5%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 -10.8%
% change: 1990-2000 11.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 118,104
Speak only English 15.7%
"Speak English ""very well"" 34.2%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 50.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 867,080
Speak only English 88.8%
"Speak English ""very well"" 8.4%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 94,138
Speak only English 20.1%
"Speak English ""very well"" 33.5%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 46.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 839,615
Speak only English 89.8%
"Speak English ""very well"" 7.6%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (by age and English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Ages 5-17 148,773
Speak only English 113,336
Speak language other than English 35,437
Speak English "very well"
27,217
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
8,220
Speak Spanish 26,673
Speak English "very well"
20,893
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
5,780
Ages 18-64 668,631
Speak only English 507,043
Speak language other than English 161,588
Speak English "very well"
106,461
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
55,127
Speak Spanish 92,210
Speak English "very well"
54,519
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
37,691
65 and Older 187,155
Speak only English 155,662
Speak language other than English 31,493
Speak English "very well"
12,746
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
18,747
Speak Spanish 10,015
Speak English "very well"
2,085
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
7,930
%
65 and Older 100%
Speak only English 76.2%
Speak language other than English 23.8%
Speak English "very well" 18.3%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 5.5%
Speak Spanish 17.9%
Speak English "very well" 14.0%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 3.9%
Ages 18-64 100%
Speak only English 75.8%
Speak language other than English 24.2%
Speak English "very well" 15.9%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 8.2%
Speak Spanish 13.8%
Speak English "very well" 8.2%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 5.6%
Ages 5-17 100%
Speak only English 83.2%
Speak language other than English 16.8%
Speak English "very well" 6.8%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 10.0%
Speak Spanish 5.4%
Speak English "very well" 1.1%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 4.2%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)

Note: 1) The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English. 2) Data for Alaska, Arkansas, District of Columbia, Hawaii, Idaho, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, New Hampshire, North Dakota, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.

Number
Total Household Population, Age 5 and Older 1,002,559
Speak only English 778,000
Speak language other than English 224,559
Spanish 123,414
Speak English "very well" 71,358
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 52,056
French (Including Cajun) 9,406
Speak English "very well" 7,689
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,717
Haitian 8,894
Speak English "very well" 5,771
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,123
Italian 5,879
Speak English "very well" 4,563
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,316
Portuguese 29,268
Speak English "very well" 18,499
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 10,769
German 1,995
Speak English "very well" 1,689
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 306
Yiddish, Pennsylvania Dutch or Other West Germanic Languages 178
Speak English "very well" 178
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Russian 1,744
Speak English "very well" 1,195
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 549
Polish 1,487
Speak English "very well" 1,066
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 421
Other Slavic Languages 628
Speak English "very well" 399
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 229
Armenian 634
Speak English "very well" 432
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 202
Persian (including Farsi, Dari) 270
Speak English "very well" 194
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 76
Gujarati 854
Speak English "very well" 661
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 193
Hindi 2,241
Speak English "very well" 1,830
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 411
Urdu 852
Speak English "very well" 760
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 92
Punjabi 46
Speak English "very well" 22
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 24
Bengali 388
Speak English "very well" 350
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 38
Nepali, Marathi, or Other Indic Languages 631
Speak English "very well" 433
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 198
Other Indo-European Languages 3,360
Speak English "very well" 2,768
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 592
Telugu 806
Speak English "very well" 497
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 309
Tamil 1,024
Speak English "very well" 960
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 64
Malayalam, Kannada, or Other Dravidian Languages 418
Speak English "very well" 407
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 11
Chinese (including Mandarin, Cantonese) 7,014
Speak English "very well" 3,350
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,664
Japanese 815
Speak English "very well" 406
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 409
Korean 1,184
Speak English "very well" 655
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 529
Hmong 761
Speak English "very well" 524
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 237
Vietnamese 1,612
Speak English "very well" 758
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 854
Khmer 4,795
Speak English "very well" 2,501
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,294
Thai, Lao, or Other Tai-Kadai Languages 2,696
Speak English "very well" 1,469
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,227
Other Languages of Asia 646
Speak English "very well" 378
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 268
Tagalog (including Filipino) 1,439
Speak English "very well" 1,108
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 331
Ilocano, Samoan, Hawaiian, or Other Austronesian Languages 139
Speak English "very well" 129
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 10
Arabic 3,381
Speak English "very well" 2,137
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,244
Hebrew 480
Speak English "very well" 339
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 141
Amharic, Somali, or Other Afro-Asiatic Languages 221
Speak English "very well" 193
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 28
Yoruba, Twi, Igbo, or Other Languages of Western Africa 3,401
Speak English "very well" 2,757
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 644
Swahili or Other Languages of Central, Eastern, and Southern Africa 552
Speak English "very well" 451
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 101
Native Languages of North America 129
Speak English "very well" 106
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 23
Other and Unspecified Languages 877
Speak English "very well" 702
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 175
%
Field 306 100%
Field 307 77.6%
Field 308 22.4%
Field 310 100%
Field 310 57.8%
Field 310 42.2%
Field 313 100%
Field 314 81.7%
Field 315 18.3%
Field 316 100%
Field 316 64.9%
Field 316 35.1%
Field 319 100%
Field 319 77.6%
Field 319 22.4%
Field 322 100%
Field 322 63.2%
Field 322 36.8%
Field 325 100%
Field 325 84.7%
Field 325 15.3%
Field 328 100%
Field 328 100.0%
Field 328 N
Field 331 100%
Field 331 68.5%
Field 331 31.5%
Field 334 100%
Field 334 71.7%
Field 334 28.3%
Field 337 100%
Field 337 63.5%
Field 337 36.5%
Field 340 100%
Field 340 68.1%
Field 340 31.9%
Field 343 100%
Field 343 71.9%
Field 343 28.1%
Field 346 100%
Field 346 77.4%
Field 346 22.6%
Field 349 100%
Field 349 81.7%
Field 349 18.3%
Field 352 100%
Field 352 89.2%
Field 352 10.8%
Field 355 100%
Field 355 47.8%
Field 355 52.2%
Field 358 100%
Field 358 90.2%
Field 358 9.8%
Field 361 100%
Field 361 68.6%
Field 361 31.4%
Field 364 100%
Field 364 82.4%
Field 364 17.6%
Field 367 100%
Field 367 61.7%
Field 367 38.3%
Field 370 100%
Field 370 93.8%
Field 370 6.3%
Field 373 100%
Field 373 97.4%
Field 373 2.6%
Field 376 100%
Field 376 47.8%
Field 376 52.2%
Field 379 100%
Field 379 49.8%
Field 379 50.2%
Field 382 100%
Field 382 55.3%
Field 382 44.7%
Field 385 100%
Field 385 68.9%
Field 385 31.1%
Field 388 100%
Field 388 47.0%
Field 388 53.0%
Field 391 100%
Field 391 52.2%
Field 391 47.8%
Field 394 100%
Field 394 54.5%
Field 394 45.5%
Field 397 100%
Field 397 58.5%
Field 397 41.5%
Field 400 100%
Field 400 77.0%
Field 400 23.0%
Field 403 100%
Field 403 92.8%
Field 403 7.2%
Field 406 100%
Field 406 63.2%
Field 406 36.8%
Field 409 100%
Field 409 70.6%
Field 409 29.4%
Field 412 100%
Field 412 87.3%
Field 412 12.7%
Field 415 100%
Field 415 81.1%
Field 415 18.9%
Field 418 100%
Field 418 81.7%
Field 418 18.3%
Field 421 100%
Field 421 82.2%
Field 421 17.8%
Field 424 100%
Field 424 80.0%
Field 424 20.0%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Educational Attainment Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 126,995
Less than high school diploma 24.8%
High school diploma or GED 29.2%
Some college or associate's degree 19.0%
Bachelor's degree 16.2%
Graduate or professional degree 10.8%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 39.3%
Bachelor's degree or higher 13.2%
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2019 -27.0%
% change: 1990-2000 5.3%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2019 120.7%
% change: 1990-2000 78.8%
Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status (foreign-born adults, age 25 and older)

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Naturalized citizens (%) 76,926
Less than high school diploma 22.2%
High school diploma or GED 31.3%
Some college or associate's degree 20.1%
Bachelor's degree 15.2%
Graduate or professional degree 11.3%
Noncitizens (%) 50,069
Less than high school diploma 28.9%
High school diploma or GED 26%
Some college or associate's degree 17.3%
Bachelor's degree 17.8%
Graduate or professional degree 10%
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 619,957
Less than high school diploma 7.9%
High school diploma or GED 28.3%
Some college or associate's degree 27.4%
Bachelor's degree 21.9%
Graduate or professional degree 14.6%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Nothing  
Nothing  
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2011 -56.7%
% change: 1990-2000 -21.0%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2011 39.1%
% change: 1990-2000 24.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 94,272
Less than high school diploma 45.8%
High school diploma or GED 23.0%
Some college or associate's degree 14.7%
Bachelor's degree 8.7%
Graduate or professional degree 7.8%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 27.7%
Bachelor's degree or higher 8.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 599,139
Less than high school diploma 18.8%
High school diploma or GED 28.6%
Some college or associate's degree 25.6%
Bachelor's degree 17.0%
Graduate or professional degree 10.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 75,148
Less than high school diploma 54.6%
High school diploma or GED 20.4%
Some college or associate's degree 13.5%
Bachelor's degree 6.4%
Graduate or professional degree 5.2%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 22.4%
Bachelor's degree or higher 6.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 583,032
Less than high school diploma 24.4%
High school diploma or GED 30.6%
Some college or associate's degree 22.6%
Bachelor's degree 14.3%
Graduate or professional degree 8.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2019 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas and Matthew Sobek. IPUMS USA: Version 10.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2020. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V10.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English “not at all,” “not well,” or “well” on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English “very well” are considered proficient in English.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “English proficiency of the foreign born by U.S. citizenship status” and “Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS. 
  • For “Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)”: Data for Alaska, Arkansas, District of Columbia, Hawaii, Idaho, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, New Hampshire, North Dakota, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.