E.g., 06/19/2021
E.g., 06/19/2021
State Language Data - OR
 

Oregon

Language & Education
2019
2000
1990
English Proficiency

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 407,688
Speak only English 19.3%
Speak English "very well" 39.2%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 41.5%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2019 13.7%
% change: 1990-2000 197.3%
English Proficiency of the Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status (age 5 and older)*

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English. Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.

 
Naturalized citizens 197,392
Speak only English 26.2%
Speak English "very well" 42.7%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 31.1%
Noncitizens 210,296
Speak only English 12.7%
Speak English "very well" 36%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 51.3%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 3,586,685
Speak only English 91.9%
Speak English ""very well"" 7.2%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1.0%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 -12.7%
% change: 1990-2000 68.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 284,724
Speak only English 19.7%
"Speak English ""very well"" 28.0%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 52.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 2,914,599
Speak only English 94.5%
"Speak English ""very well"" 4.1%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 136,580
Speak only English 33.1%
"Speak English ""very well"" 30.3%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 36.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 2,495,977
Speak only English 96.1%
"Speak English ""very well"" 2.9%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (by age and English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Ages 5-17 639,452
Speak only English 516,654
Speak language other than English 122,798
Speak English "very well"
102,367
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
20,431
Speak Spanish 88,188
Speak English "very well"
73,516
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
14,672
Ages 18-64 2,587,425
Speak only English 2,148,202
Speak language other than English 439,223
Speak English "very well"
283,446
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
155,777
Speak Spanish 255,751
Speak English "very well"
154,682
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
101,069
65 and Older 767,496
Speak only English 708,590
Speak language other than English 58,906
Speak English "very well"
30,806
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
28,100
Speak Spanish 22,846
Speak English "very well"
12,438
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
10,408
%
65 and Older 100%
Speak only English 80.8%
Speak language other than English 19.2%
Speak English "very well" 16.0%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 3.2%
Speak Spanish 13.8%
Speak English "very well" 11.5%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 2.3%
Ages 18-64 100%
Speak only English 83.0%
Speak language other than English 17.0%
Speak English "very well" 11.0%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 6.0%
Speak Spanish 9.9%
Speak English "very well" 6.0%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 3.9%
Ages 5-17 100%
Speak only English 92.3%
Speak language other than English 7.7%
Speak English "very well" 4.0%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 3.7%
Speak Spanish 3.0%
Speak English "very well" 1.6%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.4%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)

Note: 1) The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English. 2) Data for Alaska, Arkansas, District of Columbia, Hawaii, Idaho, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, New Hampshire, North Dakota, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.

Number
Total Household Population, Age 5 and Older 3,994,373
Speak only English 3,373,446
Speak language other than English 620,927
Spanish 366,785
Speak English "very well" 240,636
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 126,149
French (Including Cajun) 11,924
Speak English "very well" 11,384
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 540
Haitian 909
Speak English "very well" 909
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Italian 3,055
Speak English "very well" 2,720
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 335
Portuguese 3,338
Speak English "very well" 2,957
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 381
German 17,161
Speak English "very well" 15,735
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,426
Yiddish, Pennsylvania Dutch or Other West Germanic Languages 4,103
Speak English "very well" 3,867
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 236
Russian 20,823
Speak English "very well" 15,270
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 5,553
Polish 2,252
Speak English "very well" 2,080
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 172
Other Slavic Languages 6,143
Speak English "very well" 3,053
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,090
Armenian 869
Speak English "very well" 445
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 424
Persian (including Farsi, Dari) 4,608
Speak English "very well" 4,060
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 548
Gujarati 678
Speak English "very well" 334
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 344
Hindi 4,532
Speak English "very well" 3,604
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 928
Urdu 441
Speak English "very well" 441
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Punjabi 1,892
Speak English "very well" 1,435
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 457
Bengali 1,833
Speak English "very well" 1,209
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 624
Nepali, Marathi, or Other Indic Languages 4,270
Speak English "very well" 3,577
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 693
Other Indo-European Languages 12,524
Speak English "very well" 10,204
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,320
Telugu 3,485
Speak English "very well" 2,382
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,103
Tamil 2,866
Speak English "very well" 2,625
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 241
Malayalam, Kannada, or Other Dravidian Languages 1,538
Speak English "very well" 1,442
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 96
Chinese (including Mandarin, Cantonese) 33,598
Speak English "very well" 19,058
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 14,540
Japanese 8,465
Speak English "very well" 5,774
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,691
Korean 13,759
Speak English "very well" 7,473
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 6,286
Hmong 1,854
Speak English "very well" 1,470
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 384
Vietnamese 27,598
Speak English "very well" 11,914
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 15,684
Khmer 2,362
Speak English "very well" 1,060
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,302
Thai, Lao, or Other Tai-Kadai Languages 4,250
Speak English "very well" 2,305
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,945
Other Languages of Asia 7,796
Speak English "very well" 4,437
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,359
Tagalog (including Filipino) 12,923
Speak English "very well" 8,639
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,284
Ilocano, Samoan, Hawaiian, or Other Austronesian Languages 9,467
Speak English "very well" 7,697
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,770
Arabic 7,417
Speak English "very well" 5,292
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,125
Hebrew 625
Speak English "very well" 536
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 89
Amharic, Somali, or Other Afro-Asiatic Languages 6,460
Speak English "very well" 4,401
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,059
Yoruba, Twi, Igbo, or Other Languages of Western Africa 966
Speak English "very well" 793
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 173
Swahili or Other Languages of Central, Eastern, and Southern Africa 1,063
Speak English "very well" 338
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 725
Native Languages of North America 3,597
Speak English "very well" 3,461
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 136
Other and Unspecified Languages 2,698
Speak English "very well" 1,602
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,096
%
Field 306 100%
Field 307 84.5%
Field 308 15.5%
Field 310 100%
Field 310 65.6%
Field 310 34.4%
Field 313 100%
Field 314 95.5%
Field 315 4.5%
Field 316 100%
Field 316 100.0%
Field 316 N
Field 319 100%
Field 319 89.0%
Field 319 11.0%
Field 322 100%
Field 322 88.6%
Field 322 11.4%
Field 325 100%
Field 325 91.7%
Field 325 8.3%
Field 328 100%
Field 328 94.2%
Field 328 5.8%
Field 331 100%
Field 331 73.3%
Field 331 26.7%
Field 334 100%
Field 334 92.4%
Field 334 7.6%
Field 337 100%
Field 337 49.7%
Field 337 50.3%
Field 340 100%
Field 340 51.2%
Field 340 48.8%
Field 343 100%
Field 343 88.1%
Field 343 11.9%
Field 346 100%
Field 346 49.3%
Field 346 50.7%
Field 349 100%
Field 349 79.5%
Field 349 20.5%
Field 352 100%
Field 352 100.0%
Field 352 N
Field 355 100%
Field 355 75.8%
Field 355 24.2%
Field 358 100%
Field 358 66.0%
Field 358 34.0%
Field 361 100%
Field 361 83.8%
Field 361 16.2%
Field 364 100%
Field 364 81.5%
Field 364 18.5%
Field 367 100%
Field 367 68.4%
Field 367 31.6%
Field 370 100%
Field 370 91.6%
Field 370 8.4%
Field 373 100%
Field 373 93.8%
Field 373 6.2%
Field 376 100%
Field 376 56.7%
Field 376 43.3%
Field 379 100%
Field 379 68.2%
Field 379 31.8%
Field 382 100%
Field 382 54.3%
Field 382 45.7%
Field 385 100%
Field 385 79.3%
Field 385 20.7%
Field 388 100%
Field 388 43.2%
Field 388 56.8%
Field 391 100%
Field 391 44.9%
Field 391 55.1%
Field 394 100%
Field 394 54.2%
Field 394 45.8%
Field 397 100%
Field 397 56.9%
Field 397 43.1%
Field 400 100%
Field 400 66.8%
Field 400 33.2%
Field 403 100%
Field 403 81.3%
Field 403 18.7%
Field 406 100%
Field 406 71.3%
Field 406 28.7%
Field 409 100%
Field 409 85.8%
Field 409 14.2%
Field 412 100%
Field 412 68.1%
Field 412 31.9%
Field 415 100%
Field 415 82.1%
Field 415 17.9%
Field 418 100%
Field 418 31.8%
Field 418 68.2%
Field 421 100%
Field 421 96.2%
Field 421 3.8%
Field 424 100%
Field 424 59.4%
Field 424 40.6%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Educational Attainment Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 356,046
Less than high school diploma 27.5%
High school diploma or GED 19.4%
Some college or associate's degree 20.8%
Bachelor's degree 16.8%
Graduate or professional degree 15.5%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 37.9%
Bachelor's degree or higher 11.1%
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2019 22.1%
% change: 1990-2000 127.1%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2019 139.6%
% change: 1990-2000 107.8%
Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status (foreign-born adults, age 25 and older)

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Naturalized citizens (%) 181,404
Less than high school diploma 17.4%
High school diploma or GED 19.6%
Some college or associate's degree 25.6%
Bachelor's degree 20.4%
Graduate or professional degree 17.1%
Noncitizens (%) 174,642
Less than high school diploma 38%
High school diploma or GED 19.2%
Some college or associate's degree 15.9%
Bachelor's degree 13.1%
Graduate or professional degree 13.8%
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 2,632,072
Less than high school diploma 6.1%
High school diploma or GED 23.5%
Some college or associate's degree 35.6%
Bachelor's degree 21.6%
Graduate or professional degree 13.3%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Nothing  
Nothing  
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2011 -37.6%
% change: 1990-2000 -15.7%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2011 79.1%
% change: 1990-2000 41.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 212,315
Less than high school diploma 37.8%
High school diploma or GED 19.1%
Some college or associate's degree 20.5%
Bachelor's degree 12.9%
Graduate or professional degree 9.7%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 23.8%
Bachelor's degree or higher 8.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 2,040,332
Less than high school diploma 12.6%
High school diploma or GED 27.2%
Some college or associate's degree 35.1%
Bachelor's degree 16.6%
Graduate or professional degree 8.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 106,003
Less than high school diploma 33.3%
High school diploma or GED 19.4%
Some college or associate's degree 25.5%
Bachelor's degree 12.6%
Graduate or professional degree 9.3%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 10.4%
Bachelor's degree or higher 6.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 1,742,063
Less than high school diploma 17.5%
High school diploma or GED 29.4%
Some college or associate's degree 32.4%
Bachelor's degree 13.8%
Graduate or professional degree 6.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2019 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas and Matthew Sobek. IPUMS USA: Version 10.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2020. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V10.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English “not at all,” “not well,” or “well” on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English “very well” are considered proficient in English.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “English proficiency of the foreign born by U.S. citizenship status” and “Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS. 
  • For “Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)”: Data for Alaska, Arkansas, District of Columbia, Hawaii, Idaho, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, New Hampshire, North Dakota, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.