E.g., 06/01/2020
E.g., 06/01/2020

State Language Data - OR

Oregon

Language & Education
2018
2000
1990
English Proficiency

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 430,011
Speak only English 19.5%
Speak English "very well" 35.3%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 45.2%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2018 30.6%
% change: 1990-2000 197.3%
English Proficiency of the Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status (age 5 and older)*

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English. Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.

 
Naturalized citizens 195,458
Speak only English 27%
Speak English "very well" 39.2%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 33.8%
Noncitizens 234,553
Speak only English 13.2%
Speak English "very well" 32.1%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 54.7%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 3,530,187
Speak only English 91.9%
Speak English ""very well"" 7.1%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1.0%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 -13.5%
% change: 1990-2000 68.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 284,724
Speak only English 19.7%
"Speak English ""very well"" 28.0%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 52.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 2,914,599
Speak only English 94.5%
"Speak English ""very well"" 4.1%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 136,580
Speak only English 33.1%
"Speak English ""very well"" 30.3%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 36.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 2,495,977
Speak only English 96.1%
"Speak English ""very well"" 2.9%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (by age and English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Ages 5-17 642,073
Speak only English 503,973
Speak language other than English 138,100
Speak English "very well"
114,901
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
23,199
Speak Spanish 97,142
Speak English "very well"
82,051
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
15,091
Ages 18-64 2,578,514
Speak only English 2,137,033
Speak language other than English 441,481
Speak English "very well"
263,697
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
177,784
Speak Spanish 253,893
Speak English "very well"
143,282
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
110,611
65 and Older 739,611
Speak only English 688,164
Speak language other than English 51,447
Speak English "very well"
23,406
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
28,041
Speak Spanish 19,672
Speak English "very well"
8,945
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
10,727
%
65 and Older 100%
Speak only English 78.5%
Speak language other than English 21.5%
Speak English "very well" 17.9%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 3.6%
Speak Spanish 15.1%
Speak English "very well" 12.8%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 2.4%
Ages 18-64 100%
Speak only English 82.9%
Speak language other than English 17.1%
Speak English "very well" 10.2%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 6.9%
Speak Spanish 9.8%
Speak English "very well" 5.6%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 4.3%
Ages 5-17 100%
Speak only English 93.0%
Speak language other than English 7.0%
Speak English "very well" 3.2%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 3.8%
Speak Spanish 2.7%
Speak English "very well" 1.2%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.5%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)

Note: 1) The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English. 2) Data for Alaska, Delaware, Hawaii, Idaho, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.

Number
Total Household Population, Age 5 and Older 3,960,198
Speak only English 3,329,170
Speak language other than English 631,028
Spanish 370,707
Speak English "very well" 234,278
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 136,429
French (Including Cajun) 10,656
Speak English "very well" 9,037
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,619
Haitian 589
Speak English "very well" 589
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Italian 4,212
Speak English "very well" 3,579
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 633
Portuguese 2,856
Speak English "very well" 2,249
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 607
German 15,190
Speak English "very well" 13,272
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,918
Yiddish, Pennsylvania Dutch or Other West Germanic Languages 2,129
Speak English "very well" 1,864
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 265
Russian 23,246
Speak English "very well" 14,896
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 8,350
Polish 800
Speak English "very well" 692
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 108
Other Slavic Languages 8,219
Speak English "very well" 5,705
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,514
Armenian 195
Speak English "very well" 195
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Persian (including Farsi, Dari) 2,798
Speak English "very well" 1,939
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 859
Gujarati 816
Speak English "very well" 816
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Hindi 8,417
Speak English "very well" 7,459
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 958
Urdu 1,717
Speak English "very well" 1,507
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 210
Punjabi 1,498
Speak English "very well" 1,341
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 157
Bengali 2,015
Speak English "very well" 1,348
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 667
Nepali, Marathi, or Other Indic Languages 2,101
Speak English "very well" 1,699
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 402
Other Indo-European Languages 8,975
Speak English "very well" 6,308
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,667
Telugu 4,632
Speak English "very well" 3,763
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 869
Tamil 3,197
Speak English "very well" 2,875
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 322
Malayalam, Kannada, or Other Dravidian Languages 891
Speak English "very well" 827
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 64
Chinese (including Mandarin, Cantonese) 33,156
Speak English "very well" 16,045
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 17,111
Japanese 8,742
Speak English "very well" 5,541
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,201
Korean 10,634
Speak English "very well" 5,616
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 5,018
Hmong 2,362
Speak English "very well" 1,799
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 563
Vietnamese 28,739
Speak English "very well" 10,886
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 17,853
Khmer 4,057
Speak English "very well" 1,707
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,350
Thai, Lao, or Other Tai-Kadai Languages 6,391
Speak English "very well" 2,320
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,071
Other Languages of Asia 4,738
Speak English "very well" 3,385
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,353
Tagalog (including Filipino) 13,363
Speak English "very well" 9,768
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,595
Ilocano, Samoan, Hawaiian, or Other Austronesian Languages 10,617
Speak English "very well" 6,739
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,878
Arabic 9,041
Speak English "very well" 5,223
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,818
Hebrew 1,371
Speak English "very well" 1,213
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 158
Amharic, Somali, or Other Afro-Asiatic Languages 13,946
Speak English "very well" 8,805
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 5,141
Yoruba, Twi, Igbo, or Other Languages of Western Africa 1,084
Speak English "very well" 790
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 294
Swahili or Other Languages of Central, Eastern, and Southern Africa 1,065
Speak English "very well" 925
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 140
Native Languages of North America 2,056
Speak English "very well" 1,922
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 134
Other and Unspecified Languages 3,810
Speak English "very well" 3,082
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 728
%
Field 306 100%
Field 307 84.1%
Field 308 15.9%
Field 310 100%
Field 310 63.2%
Field 310 36.8%
Field 313 100%
Field 314 84.8%
Field 315 15.2%
Field 316 100%
Field 316 100.0%
Field 316 N
Field 319 100%
Field 319 85.0%
Field 319 15.0%
Field 322 100%
Field 322 78.7%
Field 322 21.3%
Field 325 100%
Field 325 87.4%
Field 325 12.6%
Field 328 100%
Field 328 87.6%
Field 328 12.4%
Field 331 100%
Field 331 64.1%
Field 331 35.9%
Field 334 100%
Field 334 86.5%
Field 334 13.5%
Field 337 100%
Field 337 69.4%
Field 337 30.6%
Field 340 100%
Field 340 100.0%
Field 340 N
Field 343 100%
Field 343 69.3%
Field 343 30.7%
Field 346 100%
Field 346 100.0%
Field 346 N
Field 349 100%
Field 349 88.6%
Field 349 11.4%
Field 352 100%
Field 352 87.8%
Field 352 12.2%
Field 355 100%
Field 355 89.5%
Field 355 10.5%
Field 358 100%
Field 358 66.9%
Field 358 33.1%
Field 361 100%
Field 361 80.9%
Field 361 19.1%
Field 364 100%
Field 364 70.3%
Field 364 29.7%
Field 367 100%
Field 367 81.2%
Field 367 18.8%
Field 370 100%
Field 370 89.9%
Field 370 10.1%
Field 373 100%
Field 373 92.8%
Field 373 7.2%
Field 376 100%
Field 376 48.4%
Field 376 51.6%
Field 379 100%
Field 379 63.4%
Field 379 36.6%
Field 382 100%
Field 382 52.8%
Field 382 47.2%
Field 385 100%
Field 385 76.2%
Field 385 23.8%
Field 388 100%
Field 388 37.9%
Field 388 62.1%
Field 391 100%
Field 391 42.1%
Field 391 57.9%
Field 394 100%
Field 394 36.3%
Field 394 63.7%
Field 397 100%
Field 397 71.4%
Field 397 28.6%
Field 400 100%
Field 400 73.1%
Field 400 26.9%
Field 403 100%
Field 403 63.5%
Field 403 36.5%
Field 406 100%
Field 406 57.8%
Field 406 42.2%
Field 409 100%
Field 409 88.5%
Field 409 11.5%
Field 412 100%
Field 412 63.1%
Field 412 36.9%
Field 415 100%
Field 415 72.9%
Field 415 27.1%
Field 418 100%
Field 418 86.9%
Field 418 13.1%
Field 421 100%
Field 421 93.5%
Field 421 6.5%
Field 424 100%
Field 424 80.9%
Field 424 19.1%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Educational Attainment Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 374,110
Less than high school diploma 31.2%
High school diploma or GED 19.1%
Some college or associate's degree 20.6%
Bachelor's degree 15.2%
Graduate or professional degree 13.9%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 41.8%
Bachelor's degree or higher 10.9%
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2018 45.8%
% change: 1990-2000 127.1%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2018 126.7%
% change: 1990-2000 107.8%
Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status (foreign-born adults, age 25 and older)

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Naturalized citizens (%) 177,776
Less than high school diploma 20.8%
High school diploma or GED 18.8%
Some college or associate's degree 25.2%
Bachelor's degree 19.5%
Graduate or professional degree 15.8%
Noncitizens (%) 196,334
Less than high school diploma 40.7%
High school diploma or GED 19.4%
Some college or associate's degree 16.4%
Bachelor's degree 11.2%
Graduate or professional degree 12.3%
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 2,578,270
Less than high school diploma 6.3%
High school diploma or GED 22.7%
Some college or associate's degree 36.4%
Bachelor's degree 21.9%
Graduate or professional degree 12.8%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Nothing  
Nothing  
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2011 -36.6%
% change: 1990-2000 -15.7%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2011 74.5%
% change: 1990-2000 41.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 212,315
Less than high school diploma 37.8%
High school diploma or GED 19.1%
Some college or associate's degree 20.5%
Bachelor's degree 12.9%
Graduate or professional degree 9.7%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 23.8%
Bachelor's degree or higher 8.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 2,040,332
Less than high school diploma 12.6%
High school diploma or GED 27.2%
Some college or associate's degree 35.1%
Bachelor's degree 16.6%
Graduate or professional degree 8.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 106,003
Less than high school diploma 33.3%
High school diploma or GED 19.4%
Some college or associate's degree 25.5%
Bachelor's degree 12.6%
Graduate or professional degree 9.3%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 10.4%
Bachelor's degree or higher 6.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 1,742,063
Less than high school diploma 17.5%
High school diploma or GED 29.4%
Some college or associate's degree 32.4%
Bachelor's degree 13.8%
Graduate or professional degree 6.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2018 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas, and Matthew Sobek. Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS) USA: Version 8.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2018. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V8.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English “not at all,” “not well,” or “well” on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English “very well” are considered proficient in English.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “English proficiency of the foreign born by U.S. citizenship status” and “Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS. 
  • For “Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)”: Data for Alaska, Delaware, Hawaii, Idaho, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.