E.g., 01/18/2021
E.g., 01/18/2021

State Language Data - MS

Mississippi

Language & Education
2018
2000
1990
English Proficiency

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 70,124
Speak only English 22.3%
Speak English "very well" 34.3%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 43.4%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2018 93.7%
% change: 1990-2000 207.8%
English Proficiency of the Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status (age 5 and older)*

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English. Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.

 
Naturalized citizens 26,455
Speak only English 34.5%
Speak English "very well" 40.3%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 25.2%
Noncitizens 43,669
Speak only English 14.9%
Speak English "very well" 30.6%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 54.5%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 2,738,645
Speak only English 98.2%
Speak English ""very well"" 1.4%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.5%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 -36.1%
% change: 1990-2000 8.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 39,269
Speak only English 27.1%
"Speak English ""very well"" 32.8%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 40.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 2,602,184
Speak only English 97.4%
"Speak English ""very well"" 1.8%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 20,817
Speak only English 37.2%
"Speak English ""very well"" 38.3%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 24.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 2,346,855
Speak only English 97.8%
"Speak English ""very well"" 1.4%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (by age and English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Ages 5-17 527,961
Speak only English 508,916
Speak language other than English 19,045
Speak English "very well"
14,322
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
4,723
Speak Spanish 14,275
Speak English "very well"
10,321
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
3,954
Ages 18-64 1,806,385
Speak only English 1,728,840
Speak language other than English 77,545
Speak English "very well"
42,366
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
35,179
Speak Spanish 46,315
Speak English "very well"
20,074
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
26,241
65 and Older 474,423
Speak only English 465,913
Speak language other than English 8,510
Speak English "very well"
4,967
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
3,543
Speak Spanish 2,722
Speak English "very well"
1,800
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
922
%
65 and Older 100%
Speak only English 96.4%
Speak language other than English 3.6%
Speak English "very well" 2.7%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.9%
Speak Spanish 2.7%
Speak English "very well" 2.0%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.7%
Ages 18-64 100%
Speak only English 95.7%
Speak language other than English 4.3%
Speak English "very well" 2.3%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.9%
Speak Spanish 2.6%
Speak English "very well" 1.1%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.5%
Ages 5-17 100%
Speak only English 98.2%
Speak language other than English 1.8%
Speak English "very well" 1.0%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.7%
Speak Spanish 0.6%
Speak English "very well" 0.4%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.2%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)

Note: 1) The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English. 2) Data for Alaska, Delaware, Hawaii, Idaho, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.

Number
Total Household Population, Age 5 and Older 2,800,187
Speak only English 2,691,455
Speak language other than English 108,732
Spanish 68,037
Speak English "very well" 37,020
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 31,017
French (Including Cajun) 3,452
Speak English "very well" 2,511
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 941
Haitian 345
Speak English "very well" 316
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 29
Italian 764
Speak English "very well" 543
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 221
Portuguese 708
Speak English "very well" 593
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 115
German 2,515
Speak English "very well" 2,033
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 482
Yiddish, Pennsylvania Dutch or Other West Germanic Languages 653
Speak English "very well" 491
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 162
Russian 626
Speak English "very well" 300
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 326
Polish 328
Speak English "very well" 195
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 133
Other Slavic Languages 157
Speak English "very well" 123
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 34
Armenian N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Persian (including Farsi, Dari) 297
Speak English "very well" 209
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 88
Gujarati 445
Speak English "very well" 251
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 194
Hindi 1,619
Speak English "very well" 1,289
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 330
Urdu 453
Speak English "very well" 336
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 117
Punjabi 1,010
Speak English "very well" 563
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 447
Bengali 442
Speak English "very well" 371
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 71
Nepali, Marathi, or Other Indic Languages 1,086
Speak English "very well" 693
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 393
Other Indo-European Languages 416
Speak English "very well" 376
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 40
Telugu 736
Speak English "very well" 586
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 150
Tamil 286
Speak English "very well" 273
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 13
Malayalam, Kannada, or Other Dravidian Languages 305
Speak English "very well" 200
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 105
Chinese (including Mandarin, Cantonese) 3,700
Speak English "very well" 1,640
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,060
Japanese 927
Speak English "very well" 674
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 253
Korean 1,295
Speak English "very well" 785
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 510
Hmong 36
Speak English "very well" 6
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 30
Vietnamese 5,725
Speak English "very well" 2,436
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,289
Khmer 368
Speak English "very well" 157
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 211
Thai, Lao, or Other Tai-Kadai Languages 302
Speak English "very well" 104
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 198
Other Languages of Asia 246
Speak English "very well" 164
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 82
Tagalog (including Filipino) 2,843
Speak English "very well" 1,901
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 942
Ilocano, Samoan, Hawaiian, or Other Austronesian Languages 368
Speak English "very well" 274
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 94
Arabic 2,920
Speak English "very well" 1,817
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,103
Hebrew 175
Speak English "very well" 150
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 25
Amharic, Somali, or Other Afro-Asiatic Languages 295
Speak English "very well" 236
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 59
Yoruba, Twi, Igbo, or Other Languages of Western Africa 575
Speak English "very well" 427
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 148
Swahili or Other Languages of Central, Eastern, and Southern Africa 170
Speak English "very well" 121
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 49
Native Languages of North America 3,724
Speak English "very well" 2,960
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 764
Other and Unspecified Languages 383
Speak English "very well" 286
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 97
%
Field 306 100%
Field 307 96.1%
Field 308 3.9%
Field 310 100%
Field 310 54.4%
Field 310 45.6%
Field 313 100%
Field 314 72.7%
Field 315 27.3%
Field 316 100%
Field 316 91.6%
Field 316 8.4%
Field 319 100%
Field 319 71.1%
Field 319 28.9%
Field 322 100%
Field 322 83.8%
Field 322 16.2%
Field 325 100%
Field 325 80.8%
Field 325 19.2%
Field 328 100%
Field 328 75.2%
Field 328 24.8%
Field 331 100%
Field 331 47.9%
Field 331 52.1%
Field 334 100%
Field 334 59.5%
Field 334 40.5%
Field 337 100%
Field 337 78.3%
Field 337 21.7%
Field 340 100%
Field 340 N
Field 340 N
Field 343 100%
Field 343 70.4%
Field 343 29.6%
Field 346 100%
Field 346 56.4%
Field 346 43.6%
Field 349 100%
Field 349 79.6%
Field 349 20.4%
Field 352 100%
Field 352 74.2%
Field 352 25.8%
Field 355 100%
Field 355 55.7%
Field 355 44.3%
Field 358 100%
Field 358 83.9%
Field 358 16.1%
Field 361 100%
Field 361 63.8%
Field 361 36.2%
Field 364 100%
Field 364 90.4%
Field 364 9.6%
Field 367 100%
Field 367 79.6%
Field 367 20.4%
Field 370 100%
Field 370 95.5%
Field 370 4.5%
Field 373 100%
Field 373 65.6%
Field 373 34.4%
Field 376 100%
Field 376 44.3%
Field 376 55.7%
Field 379 100%
Field 379 72.7%
Field 379 27.3%
Field 382 100%
Field 382 60.6%
Field 382 39.4%
Field 385 100%
Field 385 16.7%
Field 385 83.3%
Field 388 100%
Field 388 42.6%
Field 388 57.4%
Field 391 100%
Field 391 42.7%
Field 391 57.3%
Field 394 100%
Field 394 34.4%
Field 394 65.6%
Field 397 100%
Field 397 66.7%
Field 397 33.3%
Field 400 100%
Field 400 66.9%
Field 400 33.1%
Field 403 100%
Field 403 74.5%
Field 403 25.5%
Field 406 100%
Field 406 62.2%
Field 406 37.8%
Field 409 100%
Field 409 85.7%
Field 409 14.3%
Field 412 100%
Field 412 80.0%
Field 412 20.0%
Field 415 100%
Field 415 74.3%
Field 415 25.7%
Field 418 100%
Field 418 71.2%
Field 418 28.8%
Field 421 100%
Field 421 79.5%
Field 421 20.5%
Field 424 100%
Field 424 74.7%
Field 424 25.3%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Educational Attainment Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 58,047
Less than high school diploma 29.2%
High school diploma or GED 21.7%
Some college or associate's degree 18.6%
Bachelor's degree 15.6%
Graduate or professional degree 14.9%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 5.9%
Bachelor's degree or higher 3.9%
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2018 78.4%
% change: 1990-2000 112.6%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2018 114.4%
% change: 1990-2000 51.9%
Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status (foreign-born adults, age 25 and older)

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Naturalized citizens (%) 24,135
Less than high school diploma 17.3%
High school diploma or GED 25.5%
Some college or associate's degree 26.6%
Bachelor's degree 11.9%
Graduate or professional degree 18.6%
Noncitizens (%) 33,912
Less than high school diploma 37.6%
High school diploma or GED 18.9%
Some college or associate's degree 12.9%
Bachelor's degree 18.3%
Graduate or professional degree 12.2%
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 1,919,236
Less than high school diploma 14.2%
High school diploma or GED 30.1%
Some college or associate's degree 32.8%
Bachelor's degree 14.4%
Graduate or professional degree 8.6%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Nothing  
Nothing  
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2011 -41.6%
% change: 1990-2000 -14.5%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2011 52.8%
% change: 1990-2000 30.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 30,301
Less than high school diploma 31.4%
High school diploma or GED 19.1%
Some college or associate's degree 22.3%
Bachelor's degree 14.7%
Graduate or professional degree 12.5%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 2.0%
Bachelor's degree or higher 2.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 1,725,566
Less than high school diploma 27.0%
High school diploma or GED 29.5%
Some college or associate's degree 26.8%
Bachelor's degree 11.1%
Graduate or professional degree 5.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 16,947
Less than high school diploma 26.4%
High school diploma or GED 21.6%
Some college or associate's degree 20.0%
Bachelor's degree 15.1%
Graduate or professional degree 17.0%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 0.8%
Bachelor's degree or higher 2.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 1,514,367
Less than high school diploma 36.0%
High school diploma or GED 27.6%
Some college or associate's degree 21.9%
Bachelor's degree 9.6%
Graduate or professional degree 5.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2018 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas, and Matthew Sobek. Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS) USA: Version 8.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2018. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V8.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English “not at all,” “not well,” or “well” on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English “very well” are considered proficient in English.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “English proficiency of the foreign born by U.S. citizenship status” and “Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS. 
  • For “Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)”: Data for Alaska, Delaware, Hawaii, Idaho, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.