E.g., 08/10/2022
E.g., 08/10/2022
State Language Data - MS
 

Mississippi

Language & Education
2019
2000
1990
English Proficiency

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 62,842
Speak only English 20.2%
Speak English "very well" 40.0%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 39.9%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2019 59.3%
% change: 1990-2000 207.8%
English Proficiency of the Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status (age 5 and older)*

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English. Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.

 
Naturalized citizens 27,775
Speak only English 29.5%
Speak English "very well" 43.7%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 26.8%
Noncitizens 42,046
Speak only English 14.6%
Speak English "very well" 29%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 56.4%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 2,733,810
Speak only English 97.7%
Speak English ""very well"" 1.7%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.6%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 -20.9%
% change: 1990-2000 8.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 39,269
Speak only English 27.1%
"Speak English ""very well"" 32.8%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 40.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 2,602,184
Speak only English 97.4%
"Speak English ""very well"" 1.8%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 20,817
Speak only English 37.2%
"Speak English ""very well"" 38.3%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 24.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 2,346,855
Speak only English 97.8%
"Speak English ""very well"" 1.4%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (by age and English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Ages 5-17 518,923
Speak only English 497,233
Speak language other than English 21,690
Speak English "very well"
17,349
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
4,341
Speak Spanish 16,299
Speak English "very well"
12,762
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
3,537
Ages 18-64 1,790,925
Speak only English 1,711,546
Speak language other than English 79,379
Speak English "very well"
46,978
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
32,401
Speak Spanish 43,900
Speak English "very well"
23,163
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
20,737
65 and Older 486,804
Speak only English 475,853
Speak language other than English 10,951
Speak English "very well"
6,566
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
4,385
Speak Spanish 4,832
Speak English "very well"
2,265
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
2,567
%
65 and Older 100%
Speak only English 95.8%
Speak language other than English 4.2%
Speak English "very well" 3.3%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.8%
Speak Spanish 3.1%
Speak English "very well" 2.5%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.7%
Ages 18-64 100%
Speak only English 95.6%
Speak language other than English 4.4%
Speak English "very well" 2.6%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.8%
Speak Spanish 2.5%
Speak English "very well" 1.3%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.2%
Ages 5-17 100%
Speak only English 97.8%
Speak language other than English 2.2%
Speak English "very well" 1.3%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.9%
Speak Spanish 1.0%
Speak English "very well" 0.5%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.5%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)

Note: 1) The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English. 2) Data for Alaska, Arkansas, District of Columbia, Hawaii, Idaho, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, New Hampshire, North Dakota, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.

Number
Total Household Population, Age 5 and Older 2,797,771
Speak only English 2,686,763
Speak language other than English 111,008
Spanish 67,792
Speak English "very well" 37,258
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 30,534
French (Including Cajun) 3,876
Speak English "very well" 2,857
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,019
Haitian 304
Speak English "very well" 267
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 37
Italian 638
Speak English "very well" 464
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 174
Portuguese 626
Speak English "very well" 479
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 147
German 2,596
Speak English "very well" 2,002
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 594
Yiddish, Pennsylvania Dutch or Other West Germanic Languages 615
Speak English "very well" 451
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 164
Russian 591
Speak English "very well" 302
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 289
Polish 268
Speak English "very well" 171
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 97
Other Slavic Languages 176
Speak English "very well" 142
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 34
Armenian N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Persian (including Farsi, Dari) 380
Speak English "very well" 294
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 86
Gujarati 639
Speak English "very well" 384
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 255
Hindi 1,573
Speak English "very well" 1,291
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 282
Urdu 551
Speak English "very well" 391
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 160
Punjabi 950
Speak English "very well" 595
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 355
Bengali 305
Speak English "very well" 272
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 33
Nepali, Marathi, or Other Indic Languages 991
Speak English "very well" 635
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 356
Other Indo-European Languages 524
Speak English "very well" 449
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 75
Telugu 773
Speak English "very well" 639
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 134
Tamil 453
Speak English "very well" 425
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 28
Malayalam, Kannada, or Other Dravidian Languages 207
Speak English "very well" 143
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 64
Chinese (including Mandarin, Cantonese) 3,754
Speak English "very well" 1,663
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,091
Japanese 941
Speak English "very well" 668
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 273
Korean 1,097
Speak English "very well" 637
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 460
Hmong 9
Speak English "very well" 9
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Vietnamese 6,599
Speak English "very well" 3,016
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,583
Khmer 370
Speak English "very well" 165
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 205
Thai, Lao, or Other Tai-Kadai Languages 319
Speak English "very well" 150
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 169
Other Languages of Asia 225
Speak English "very well" 133
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 92
Tagalog (including Filipino) 2,953
Speak English "very well" 2,117
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 836
Ilocano, Samoan, Hawaiian, or Other Austronesian Languages 416
Speak English "very well" 268
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 148
Arabic 3,583
Speak English "very well" 2,340
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,243
Hebrew 204
Speak English "very well" 171
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 33
Amharic, Somali, or Other Afro-Asiatic Languages 305
Speak English "very well" 219
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 86
Yoruba, Twi, Igbo, or Other Languages of Western Africa 735
Speak English "very well" 560
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 175
Swahili or Other Languages of Central, Eastern, and Southern Africa 245
Speak English "very well" 178
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 67
Native Languages of North America 3,934
Speak English "very well" 3,270
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 664
Other and Unspecified Languages 491
Speak English "very well" 391
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 100
%
Field 306 100%
Field 307 96.0%
Field 308 4.0%
Field 310 100%
Field 310 55.0%
Field 310 45.0%
Field 313 100%
Field 314 73.7%
Field 315 26.3%
Field 316 100%
Field 316 87.8%
Field 316 12.2%
Field 319 100%
Field 319 72.7%
Field 319 27.3%
Field 322 100%
Field 322 76.5%
Field 322 23.5%
Field 325 100%
Field 325 77.1%
Field 325 22.9%
Field 328 100%
Field 328 73.3%
Field 328 26.7%
Field 331 100%
Field 331 51.1%
Field 331 48.9%
Field 334 100%
Field 334 63.8%
Field 334 36.2%
Field 337 100%
Field 337 80.7%
Field 337 19.3%
Field 340 100%
Field 340 N
Field 340 N
Field 343 100%
Field 343 77.4%
Field 343 22.6%
Field 346 100%
Field 346 60.1%
Field 346 39.9%
Field 349 100%
Field 349 82.1%
Field 349 17.9%
Field 352 100%
Field 352 71.0%
Field 352 29.0%
Field 355 100%
Field 355 62.6%
Field 355 37.4%
Field 358 100%
Field 358 89.2%
Field 358 10.8%
Field 361 100%
Field 361 64.1%
Field 361 35.9%
Field 364 100%
Field 364 85.7%
Field 364 14.3%
Field 367 100%
Field 367 82.7%
Field 367 17.3%
Field 370 100%
Field 370 93.8%
Field 370 6.2%
Field 373 100%
Field 373 69.1%
Field 373 30.9%
Field 376 100%
Field 376 44.3%
Field 376 55.7%
Field 379 100%
Field 379 71.0%
Field 379 29.0%
Field 382 100%
Field 382 58.1%
Field 382 41.9%
Field 385 100%
Field 385 100.0%
Field 385 N
Field 388 100%
Field 388 45.7%
Field 388 54.3%
Field 391 100%
Field 391 44.6%
Field 391 55.4%
Field 394 100%
Field 394 47.0%
Field 394 53.0%
Field 397 100%
Field 397 59.1%
Field 397 40.9%
Field 400 100%
Field 400 71.7%
Field 400 28.3%
Field 403 100%
Field 403 64.4%
Field 403 35.6%
Field 406 100%
Field 406 65.3%
Field 406 34.7%
Field 409 100%
Field 409 83.8%
Field 409 16.2%
Field 412 100%
Field 412 71.8%
Field 412 28.2%
Field 415 100%
Field 415 76.2%
Field 415 23.8%
Field 418 100%
Field 418 72.7%
Field 418 27.3%
Field 421 100%
Field 421 83.1%
Field 421 16.9%
Field 424 100%
Field 424 79.6%
Field 424 20.4%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Educational Attainment Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 52,169
Less than high school diploma 28.6%
High school diploma or GED 21.6%
Some college or associate's degree 20.9%
Bachelor's degree 15.2%
Graduate or professional degree 13.7%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 5.1%
Bachelor's degree or higher 3.4%
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2019 56.8%
% change: 1990-2000 112.6%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2019 82.5%
% change: 1990-2000 51.9%
Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status (foreign-born adults, age 25 and older)

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Naturalized citizens (%) 24,711
Less than high school diploma 20.6%
High school diploma or GED 21.4%
Some college or associate's degree 26.1%
Bachelor's degree 16.7%
Graduate or professional degree 15.2%
Noncitizens (%) 33,561
Less than high school diploma 37.8%
High school diploma or GED 26.1%
Some college or associate's degree 13.3%
Bachelor's degree 12.9%
Graduate or professional degree 10%
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 1,927,495
Less than high school diploma 14.3%
High school diploma or GED 30.5%
Some college or associate's degree 33.1%
Bachelor's degree 13.6%
Graduate or professional degree 8.5%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Nothing  
Nothing  
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2011 -40.7%
% change: 1990-2000 -14.5%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2011 47.9%
% change: 1990-2000 30.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 30,301
Less than high school diploma 31.4%
High school diploma or GED 19.1%
Some college or associate's degree 22.3%
Bachelor's degree 14.7%
Graduate or professional degree 12.5%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 2.0%
Bachelor's degree or higher 2.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 1,725,566
Less than high school diploma 27.0%
High school diploma or GED 29.5%
Some college or associate's degree 26.8%
Bachelor's degree 11.1%
Graduate or professional degree 5.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 16,947
Less than high school diploma 26.4%
High school diploma or GED 21.6%
Some college or associate's degree 20.0%
Bachelor's degree 15.1%
Graduate or professional degree 17.0%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 0.8%
Bachelor's degree or higher 2.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 1,514,367
Less than high school diploma 36.0%
High school diploma or GED 27.6%
Some college or associate's degree 21.9%
Bachelor's degree 9.6%
Graduate or professional degree 5.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2019 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas and Matthew Sobek. IPUMS USA: Version 10.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2020. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V10.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English “not at all,” “not well,” or “well” on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English “very well” are considered proficient in English.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “English proficiency of the foreign born by U.S. citizenship status” and “Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS. 
  • For “Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)”: Data for Alaska, Arkansas, District of Columbia, Hawaii, Idaho, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, New Hampshire, North Dakota, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.