E.g., 11/23/2017
E.g., 11/23/2017

State Language Data - MS

Mississippi

Language & Education
2015
2000
1990
English Proficiency

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 72,028
Speak only English 22.4%
Speak English "very well" 33.9%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 43.7%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2015 100.2%
% change: 1990-2000 207.8%
English Proficiency of the Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status (age 5 and older)*

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English. Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2015 ACS.

 
Naturalized citizens 23,980
Speak only English 29.9%
Speak English "very well" 39.4%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 30.7%
Noncitizens 48,048
Speak only English 18.6%
Speak English "very well" 31.2%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 50.2%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 2,731,456
Speak only English 98.0%
Speak English ""very well"" 1.4%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.6%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 -18.1%
% change: 1990-2000 8.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 39,269
Speak only English 27.1%
"Speak English ""very well"" 32.8%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 40.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 2,602,184
Speak only English 97.4%
"Speak English ""very well"" 1.8%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 20,817
Speak only English 37.2%
"Speak English ""very well"" 38.3%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 24.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 2,346,855
Speak only English 97.8%
"Speak English ""very well"" 1.4%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (by age and English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Ages 5-17 539,158
Speak only English 517,375
Speak language other than English 21,783
Speak English "very well"
16,020
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
5,763
Speak Spanish 15,226
Speak English "very well"
10,573
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
4,653
Ages 18-64 1,823,365
Speak only English 1,743,762
Speak language other than English 79,603
Speak English "very well"
41,446
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
38,157
Speak Spanish 49,471
Speak English "very well"
22,741
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
26,730
65 and Older 440,961
Speak only English 432,932
Speak language other than English 8,029
Speak English "very well"
3,820
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
4,209
Speak Spanish 2,850
Speak English "very well"
1,641
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
1,209
%
65 and Older 100%
Speak only English 96.0%
Speak language other than English 4.0%
Speak English "very well" 3.0%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.1%
Speak Spanish 2.8%
Speak English "very well" 2.0%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.9%
Ages 18-64 100%
Speak only English 95.6%
Speak language other than English 4.4%
Speak English "very well" 2.3%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 2.1%
Speak Spanish 2.7%
Speak English "very well" 1.2%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.5%
Ages 5-17 100%
Speak only English 98.2%
Speak language other than English 1.8%
Speak English "very well" 0.9%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.0%
Speak Spanish 0.6%
Speak English "very well" 0.4%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.3%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Total Household Population, Age 5 and Older 2,803,484
Speak only English 2,694,069
Speak language other than English 109,415
Spanish or Spanish Creole 67,547
Speak English "very well" 34,955
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 32,592
French (Including Patois and Cajun) N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
French Creole N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Italian N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Portuguese or Portuguese Creole N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
German N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Yiddish N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Other West Germanic Languages N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Scandinavian Languages N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Greek N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Russian N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Polish N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Serbo-Croatian N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Other Slavic Languages N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Armenian N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Persian N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Gujarati N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Hindi N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Urdu N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Other Indic Languages N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Other Indo-European Languages N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Chinese N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Japanese N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Korean N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Mon-Khmer, Cambodian N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Hmong N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Thai N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Laotian N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Vietnamese N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Other Asian Languages N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Tagalog N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Other Pacific Island Languages N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Navajo N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Other Native North American Languages N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Hungarian N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Arabic N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Hebrew N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
African Languages N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Other and Unspecified Languages N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
%
Field 306 100%
Field 307 96.1%
Field 308 3.9%
Field 310 100%
Field 310 51.7%
Field 310 48.3%
Field 313 100%
Field 314 N
Field 315 N
Field 316 100%
Field 316 N
Field 316 N
Field 319 100%
Field 319 N
Field 319 N
Field 322 100%
Field 322 N
Field 322 N
Field 325 100%
Field 325 N
Field 325 N
Field 328 100%
Field 328 N
Field 328 N
Field 331 100%
Field 331 N
Field 331 N
Field 334 100%
Field 334 N
Field 334 N
Field 337 100%
Field 337 N
Field 337 N
Field 340 100%
Field 340 N
Field 340 N
Field 343 100%
Field 343 N
Field 343 N
Field 346 100%
Field 346 N
Field 346 N
Field 349 100%
Field 349 N
Field 349 N
Field 352 100%
Field 352 N
Field 352 N
Field 355 100%
Field 355 N
Field 355 N
Field 358 100%
Field 358 N
Field 358 N
Field 361 100%
Field 361 N
Field 361 N
Field 364 100%
Field 364 N
Field 364 N
Field 367 100%
Field 367 N
Field 367 N
Field 370 100%
Field 370 N
Field 370 N
Field 373 100%
Field 373 N
Field 373 N
Field 376 100%
Field 376 N
Field 376 N
Field 379 100%
Field 379 N
Field 379 N
Field 382 100%
Field 382 N
Field 382 N
Field 385 100%
Field 385 N
Field 385 N
Field 388 100%
Field 388 N
Field 388 N
Field 391 100%
Field 391 N
Field 391 N
Field 394 100%
Field 394 N
Field 394 N
Field 397 100%
Field 397 N
Field 397 N
Field 400 100%
Field 400 N
Field 400 N
Field 403 100%
Field 403 N
Field 403 N
Field 406 100%
Field 406 N
Field 406 N
Field 409 100%
Field 409 N
Field 409 N
Field 412 100%
Field 412 N
Field 412 N
Field 415 100%
Field 415 N
Field 415 N
Field 418 100%
Field 418 N
Field 418 N
Field 421 100%
Field 421 N
Field 421 N
Field 424 100%
Field 424 N
Field 424 N
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Educational Attainment Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 58,780
Less than high school diploma 32.5%
High school diploma or GED 24.7%
Some college or associate's degree 18.0%
Bachelor's degree 14.9%
Graduate or professional degree 9.9%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 5.9%
Bachelor's degree or higher 3.6%
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2015 100.9%
% change: 1990-2000 112.6%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2015 76.8%
% change: 1990-2000 51.9%
Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status (foreign-born adults, age 25 and older)

Note: 1) 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2015 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Naturalized citizens (%) 21,199
Less than high school diploma 22.5%
High school diploma or GED 23.6%
Some college or associate's degree 20.2%
Bachelor's degree 15.5%
Graduate or professional degree 18.3%
Noncitizens (%) 37,581
Less than high school diploma 38.1%
High school diploma or GED 25.3%
Some college or associate's degree 16.8%
Bachelor's degree 14.6%
Graduate or professional degree 5.2%
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 1,893,557
Less than high school diploma 16.0%
High school diploma or GED 31.2%
Some college or associate's degree 32.0%
Bachelor's degree 12.9%
Graduate or professional degree 7.8%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Nothing  
Nothing  
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2011 -34.7%
% change: 1990-2000 -14.5%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2011 35.9%
% change: 1990-2000 30.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 30,301
Less than high school diploma 31.4%
High school diploma or GED 19.1%
Some college or associate's degree 22.3%
Bachelor's degree 14.7%
Graduate or professional degree 12.5%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 2.0%
Bachelor's degree or higher 2.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 1,725,566
Less than high school diploma 27.0%
High school diploma or GED 29.5%
Some college or associate's degree 26.8%
Bachelor's degree 11.1%
Graduate or professional degree 5.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 16,947
Less than high school diploma 26.4%
High school diploma or GED 21.6%
Some college or associate's degree 20.0%
Bachelor's degree 15.1%
Graduate or professional degree 17.0%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 0.8%
Bachelor's degree or higher 2.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 1,514,367
Less than high school diploma 36.0%
High school diploma or GED 27.6%
Some college or associate's degree 21.9%
Bachelor's degree 9.6%
Graduate or professional degree 5.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2015 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English “not at all,” “not well,” or “well” on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English “very well” are considered proficient in English.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “English proficiency of the foreign born by U.S. citizenship status” and “Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2015 ACS.