E.g., 06/11/2021
E.g., 06/11/2021
State Language Data - KS
 

Kansas

Language & Education
2019
2000
1990
English Proficiency

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 207,266
Speak only English 13.9%
Speak English "very well" 35.4%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 50.7%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2019 47.2%
% change: 1990-2000 184.3%
English Proficiency of the Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status (age 5 and older)*

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English. Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.

 
Naturalized citizens 85,706
Speak only English 21.2%
Speak English "very well" 42.5%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 36.3%
Noncitizens 121,560
Speak only English 8.7%
Speak English "very well" 30.4%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 60.9%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 2,522,812
Speak only English 94.0%
Speak English ""very well"" 5.2%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.8%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 -26.9%
% change: 1990-2000 20.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 131,895
Speak only English 15.2%
"Speak English ""very well"" 30.7%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 54.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 2,368,465
Speak only English 95.5%
"Speak English ""very well"" 3.4%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 61,389
Speak only English 22.6%
"Speak English ""very well"" 36.5%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 40.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 2,220,717
Speak only English 96.2%
"Speak English ""very well"" 2.8%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (by age and English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Ages 5-17 517,065
Speak only English 442,409
Speak language other than English 74,656
Speak English "very well"
60,666
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
13,990
Speak Spanish 55,688
Speak English "very well"
47,811
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
7,877
Ages 18-64 1,735,017
Speak only English 1,505,091
Speak language other than English 229,926
Speak English "very well"
132,809
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
97,117
Speak Spanish 144,458
Speak English "very well"
77,094
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
67,364
65 and Older 477,996
Speak only English 453,195
Speak language other than English 24,801
Speak English "very well"
11,199
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
13,602
Speak Spanish 14,079
Speak English "very well"
5,972
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
8,107
%
65 and Older 100%
Speak only English 85.6%
Speak language other than English 14.4%
Speak English "very well" 11.7%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 2.7%
Speak Spanish 10.8%
Speak English "very well" 9.2%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.5%
Ages 18-64 100%
Speak only English 86.7%
Speak language other than English 13.3%
Speak English "very well" 7.7%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 5.6%
Speak Spanish 8.3%
Speak English "very well" 4.4%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 3.9%
Ages 5-17 100%
Speak only English 94.8%
Speak language other than English 5.2%
Speak English "very well" 2.3%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 2.8%
Speak Spanish 2.9%
Speak English "very well" 1.2%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.7%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)

Note: 1) The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English. 2) Data for Alaska, Arkansas, District of Columbia, Hawaii, Idaho, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, New Hampshire, North Dakota, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.

Number
Total Household Population, Age 5 and Older 2,730,078
Speak only English 2,400,695
Speak language other than English 329,383
Spanish 214,225
Speak English "very well" 130,877
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 83,348
French (Including Cajun) 4,716
Speak English "very well" 4,479
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 237
Haitian N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Italian 241
Speak English "very well" 218
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 23
Portuguese 2,549
Speak English "very well" 1,715
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 834
German 12,363
Speak English "very well" 9,779
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,584
Yiddish, Pennsylvania Dutch or Other West Germanic Languages 1,943
Speak English "very well" 1,849
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 94
Russian 1,735
Speak English "very well" 1,216
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 519
Polish 138
Speak English "very well" 38
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 100
Other Slavic Languages 1,524
Speak English "very well" 1,099
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 425
Armenian N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Persian (including Farsi, Dari) 1,109
Speak English "very well" 796
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 313
Gujarati 128
Speak English "very well" 128
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Hindi 2,931
Speak English "very well" 2,329
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 602
Urdu 1,156
Speak English "very well" 626
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 530
Punjabi 771
Speak English "very well" 584
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 187
Bengali 184
Speak English "very well" 20
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 164
Nepali, Marathi, or Other Indic Languages 2,793
Speak English "very well" 1,941
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 852
Other Indo-European Languages 2,321
Speak English "very well" 2,130
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 191
Telugu 4,548
Speak English "very well" 3,830
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 718
Tamil 738
Speak English "very well" 738
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Malayalam, Kannada, or Other Dravidian Languages 1,776
Speak English "very well" 1,455
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 321
Chinese (including Mandarin, Cantonese) 13,874
Speak English "very well" 6,899
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 6,975
Japanese 2,302
Speak English "very well" 1,621
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 681
Korean 2,166
Speak English "very well" 1,081
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,085
Hmong 1,406
Speak English "very well" 848
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 558
Vietnamese 10,919
Speak English "very well" 4,665
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 6,254
Khmer 3,009
Speak English "very well" 2,072
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 937
Thai, Lao, or Other Tai-Kadai Languages 6,305
Speak English "very well" 2,368
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,937
Other Languages of Asia 5,972
Speak English "very well" 1,728
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,244
Tagalog (including Filipino) 3,349
Speak English "very well" 2,204
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,145
Ilocano, Samoan, Hawaiian, or Other Austronesian Languages 1,156
Speak English "very well" 722
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 434
Arabic 6,007
Speak English "very well" 4,260
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,747
Hebrew 560
Speak English "very well" 329
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 231
Amharic, Somali, or Other Afro-Asiatic Languages 2,727
Speak English "very well" 1,578
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,149
Yoruba, Twi, Igbo, or Other Languages of Western Africa 1,221
Speak English "very well" 1,084
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 137
Swahili or Other Languages of Central, Eastern, and Southern Africa 6,816
Speak English "very well" 4,368
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,448
Native Languages of North America 2,596
Speak English "very well" 2,140
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 456
Other and Unspecified Languages 1,109
Speak English "very well" 860
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 249
%
Field 306 100%
Field 307 87.9%
Field 308 12.1%
Field 310 100%
Field 310 61.1%
Field 310 38.9%
Field 313 100%
Field 314 95.0%
Field 315 5.0%
Field 316 100%
Field 316 N
Field 316 N
Field 319 100%
Field 319 90.5%
Field 319 9.5%
Field 322 100%
Field 322 67.3%
Field 322 32.7%
Field 325 100%
Field 325 79.1%
Field 325 20.9%
Field 328 100%
Field 328 95.2%
Field 328 4.8%
Field 331 100%
Field 331 70.1%
Field 331 29.9%
Field 334 100%
Field 334 27.5%
Field 334 72.5%
Field 337 100%
Field 337 72.1%
Field 337 27.9%
Field 340 100%
Field 340 N
Field 340 N
Field 343 100%
Field 343 71.8%
Field 343 28.2%
Field 346 100%
Field 346 100.0%
Field 346 N
Field 349 100%
Field 349 79.5%
Field 349 20.5%
Field 352 100%
Field 352 54.2%
Field 352 45.8%
Field 355 100%
Field 355 75.7%
Field 355 24.3%
Field 358 100%
Field 358 10.9%
Field 358 89.1%
Field 361 100%
Field 361 69.5%
Field 361 30.5%
Field 364 100%
Field 364 91.8%
Field 364 8.2%
Field 367 100%
Field 367 84.2%
Field 367 15.8%
Field 370 100%
Field 370 100.0%
Field 370 N
Field 373 100%
Field 373 81.9%
Field 373 18.1%
Field 376 100%
Field 376 49.7%
Field 376 50.3%
Field 379 100%
Field 379 70.4%
Field 379 29.6%
Field 382 100%
Field 382 49.9%
Field 382 50.1%
Field 385 100%
Field 385 60.3%
Field 385 39.7%
Field 388 100%
Field 388 42.7%
Field 388 57.3%
Field 391 100%
Field 391 68.9%
Field 391 31.1%
Field 394 100%
Field 394 37.6%
Field 394 62.4%
Field 397 100%
Field 397 28.9%
Field 397 71.1%
Field 400 100%
Field 400 65.8%
Field 400 34.2%
Field 403 100%
Field 403 62.5%
Field 403 37.5%
Field 406 100%
Field 406 70.9%
Field 406 29.1%
Field 409 100%
Field 409 58.8%
Field 409 41.3%
Field 412 100%
Field 412 57.9%
Field 412 42.1%
Field 415 100%
Field 415 88.8%
Field 415 11.2%
Field 418 100%
Field 418 64.1%
Field 418 35.9%
Field 421 100%
Field 421 82.4%
Field 421 17.6%
Field 424 100%
Field 424 77.5%
Field 424 22.5%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Educational Attainment Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 172,296
Less than high school diploma 32.2%
High school diploma or GED 23.7%
Some college or associate's degree 16.0%
Bachelor's degree 15.6%
Graduate or professional degree 12.4%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 35.2%
Bachelor's degree or higher 7.4%
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2019 30.2%
% change: 1990-2000 161.7%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2019 140.2%
% change: 1990-2000 70.0%
Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status (foreign-born adults, age 25 and older)

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Naturalized citizens (%) 75,659
Less than high school diploma 23.7%
High school diploma or GED 22.6%
Some college or associate's degree 21.2%
Bachelor's degree 20%
Graduate or professional degree 12.6%
Noncitizens (%) 96,637
Less than high school diploma 38.9%
High school diploma or GED 24.6%
Some college or associate's degree 11.9%
Bachelor's degree 12.2%
Graduate or professional degree 12.3%
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 1,745,785
Less than high school diploma 5.9%
High school diploma or GED 26.5%
Some college or associate's degree 33.0%
Bachelor's degree 22.2%
Graduate or professional degree 12.4%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Nothing  
Nothing  
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2011 -47.2%
% change: 1990-2000 -30.6%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2011 45.3%
% change: 1990-2000 30.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 93,965
Less than high school diploma 45.4%
High school diploma or GED 18.8%
Some college or associate's degree 14.4%
Bachelor's degree 10.9%
Graduate or professional degree 10.5%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 18.0%
Bachelor's degree or higher 4.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 1,603,224
Less than high school diploma 12.1%
High school diploma or GED 30.7%
Some college or associate's degree 31.3%
Bachelor's degree 17.3%
Graduate or professional degree 8.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 44,746
Less than high school diploma 36.4%
High school diploma or GED 17.1%
Some college or associate's degree 20.0%
Bachelor's degree 12.7%
Graduate or professional degree 13.7%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 5.5%
Bachelor's degree or higher 3.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 1,518,799
Less than high school diploma 18.4%
High school diploma or GED 33.2%
Some college or associate's degree 27.4%
Bachelor's degree 14.3%
Graduate or professional degree 6.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2019 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas and Matthew Sobek. IPUMS USA: Version 10.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2020. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V10.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English “not at all,” “not well,” or “well” on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English “very well” are considered proficient in English.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “English proficiency of the foreign born by U.S. citizenship status” and “Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS. 
  • For “Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)”: Data for Alaska, Arkansas, District of Columbia, Hawaii, Idaho, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, New Hampshire, North Dakota, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.